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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 02, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OtfAHTKENT Of rrfSTOAV AKO ARCHIVES PCS VOL II THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press Md UniUd Press Full Leased MASON CUV IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY Z 1945 NAZI FORCES SURRENDER Tills Paper Ccnsisu c Two NO 176 INSIDE San Francisco EDITOBS is the 3rd in a series of articles about the San Francisco world security con ference written specially for the GlobeGazette by the Rev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church of Iowa Falls Mr Clinton formerly of Mason City and Fay sent to the California meeting as a surprise present by the official board of his church By JOHN D CLINTON San Francisco Top figures hold the stage from the count of the flags to the length of the new cables reaching across the hills oE San Francisco to pull the cable cats up and over The hotel which has the name of St Francis the saint for whom the city is named has the distinc tion of housing the Russian delega tion A complete body guard sur rounds Foreign Commissar V M Blolotov at his every move First a carof men then his car with a beautiful red silk fender flag then another car of men The commis sar arrives thetwo cars of men empty as if by machinery and in to the conference roes their chief He is the most guarded man in bis movements at San Francisco The young men of the United plates army bythehundreds are seeing to it that this gether thanthe world has ever known shall progress without a hitch At the St Francis hotel the unity of nations includes Canada Haiti Nicaragua Erance Canada and the Philippines Ethiopia here abides as do the new Persia delegates with the fanciful naine ofIran Iraq is also here These 2 nations share honors in the con vention hail in that the chosen ar rangement places the Hags these 2 countries directly in front Naturally Americans look to find the Stars and Stripes She waves between Uruguay and Britain to the right of the audience Vene zuela and Yugoslavia are the countries to which go the farth est flags to the right Tuesday night ladies were pressing all the flags that the last item of splen dor might be added 7 And while flag poles pulled up triese banners and California flags alone side the Stars and Stripes on many poles all over town the cables under ground in this city of hills were doing a great job pulling the cars up and over This interesting phase of near airplane riding is made possible by cables 834ttO feet long Every 6 months the cables are taken out and new ones put in in order to insuresafely to pa trons Where cables cross at in tersections an lowan wonders how the cars get through without twisting up the cables This is accomplished by coasting through 4 comers which means the cable is dropped The motorman has a new job which looks like whale fishing as once across the streets he pulls up a heavy chain which resembles the anchor chain on a modest sized ship But the only catch he makes is that cable again so the car can do a steeper job than St Nick ever thought of on a root with his deers in this f wn where St Francis is immor The cars may coast bat here Is coasting among the delegates we are all here we can get to work says Maj Gen Victor G Grachev who arrived with For eign Commissar Molotov And hnstlingr by for a bite to eat be tween committees went Judge Adly Bey and U Col A H Gha Jeb both of the Egyptian group And and Turkey complete the roster started in this story of the dozen nations in league here to live at the St Fran cis hotel And they expect to so bnild the world neighborhood thai the billion people at home shall go on living the way the delegates mingle these weeks out west Why rot DIPLOMAT SURRENDERS London von Mac Kensen German ambassador to Italy and his staff gave them selves up to the allies a few miles from the Swiss frontier and are on the way south for internment the Milan radio reported Wednes day Reds Splinter German Resistance in Berlin London German garrison of Berlin compressedinto the narrow government quarter has been chopped up into separate groups the nazi command said Wednesday and it appeared that the fight for the German capital was near its end Russian troops beat in on Hitlers reichschancellery and a Paris broadcast said without tion that the red army flag al ready flies from the building German account the scene oE lers death The Hamburg radio said Rus I QTiOVI IVrOfr sians had smashed wedges into JVJLd y fhe last nazi pocket from the south north and east carrying deep into the Wilhelmstrasse at the Friedrichstrasse railway sta tion and the old town sector on the east The German communique said fei Official Says s Japan May B 5 Invaded Soon other Russians were striking east waves trapped the Japanese gar ward on an 85 mile front from rison at Rangoon in the second Rostock to Ncuruppin 35 miles allied invasion in 2 days northwest of Berlin and nidi cated the Soviets were very near the Baltic port of Rostock About 8000 of the ragtag band of mauled SS troops womens death battalions1 and Volks sturmers were killed Tuesday in band to hand fighting grenadine and machine gunning in the heart of Berlin soviet reports said Plunging through a choking pall of smoke and flame thrown up by the ceaseless cannonading the first soviet assault Waves stormed withi in 200 yards of1the chancellery building against maniacal enemy resistance An equally furious battle guns and grenades W4 tZCtltzlfll indicated Wednesday as British pazatroopers and seaborne assault swirled through Berlins famed Tiergarteh a few hundred yards to the west where the rest of the nazi garrison was being cut to pieces by converging attacks from all directions The trapped Germans appar ently told by their leaders that Hitler had fallen at his command post in the chancellery showed no signs of quitting They fought back with a hopeless fury be hind thick stone walls and inside deep cellars taking a bloody toll tot every yard of lost ground But Moscow dispatches and somber enemy broadcasts made it clear that the battle of Berlin was roaring into its final hours Soviet front reporters tele phoned word back to Moscow that the last enemy defenses in the center of the ruined city were collapsing literally torn apart by the deluge shells pouring in on them hour after hour throughout the day and night The Russians captured another 100 city blocks in Berlin Tuesday took 14000 prisoners and killed 8000 enemy troops swelling the German losses in the 12 day old battle to more than 193000 killed wounded or captured Two stubborn enemy pockets ol resistance in the Charlottenburjr and Schoeneberg districts west and south of the capitals center wedge wiped out Tuesday A third nazi group surrounded in a small area southof Berlin tried ana west Waterloo nas Seen to break through the Russian lines postponed because of cold and wet to the west only to be turned back grounds No date has been set to with enormous losses play off the contest Moscow dispatches said crack Thursday night the Mohawks nazi elite guards had been joined return to action against Dowling of in their deathfstand by VolfcsDes Moines Sturm units and even fanatical women volunteers who sallied out Buy your War Bonds and to meet the Russians with tommy Stamps from your GlobeGazette anrt trvomiftBr Gen Robert C Richardson Jr commanding general of army forces In Pacific ocean areas said the Pacific war is entering a new phase in which a major assault will soon be launched on the Jap anese empire His unamnlified re mark had special significance since it was made at his Honolulu headquarters immediately on re turn from a conference in Ma nila with Gen Douglas MacAr thur under whose command army divisions will invade Japan Simultaneously commandersdisclosed the original Japanese garrison oh Okinawa estimated at 60000 men has been killed or wounded and land based naval planes are daily patrolling waters up to the gates Tokyo Yanks closed in for the battle of Davao in the Philippines as allied forces t o o k the headlines with double invasions and sustained naval bombardments along the southern fringes of Nippons crumbling warwon empire British paratroopers landed along the banks of the Rangoon river Tuesday and amphibious as sault troops followed early Wed nesday morning cutting off the sea escape route from Rangoon Brit ish armored columns are about 35 miles north of Rangoon potential staging base for reconquest of Singapore Official silence cloaked progress of Tuesdays invasion of Borneo by 5000 tankled Australians Neither Australian nor Japanese reports mentioned the presence of American troops in the assault at Iinkas on Tarakan miniature island off the northeast coast of Borneo a storehouse of rubber and oil MOHAWKWEST TILT POSTPONED The baseball game scheduled here Wednesday between Mason City and West Waterloo has been carrier boy Set Thursday Deadline on Community Concert Sales Last opportunity to become members of the Mason City Com munity Concert association will pass at oclock Thursday aft ernoon for at that time workers will bring to a close the whirlwind 3day membership drive that be gan Tuesday morning Three and possibly 4 con certs will be on tap for members daring the 191546 season Helen Jepson lovely soprano star of the Metropolitan Opera company will be one of the featured artists next season The board of directors will meet Thursday evening at 8 oclock to select the remaining perform ers The membership will be limited to the seating capacity of the high school auditorium and uptothe minute reports Wednesday noon indicated remaining memberships going fast Workers wilf be on the job until Thursday at but any person who has not been contacted and who wishes to join may do so by calling at Community Concert headquarters before that time Headquarters are at the Vance Music company Two Victor Book of Opera and the Victor Book of be awarded the 2 workers selling the most member ships During the 194445 year James Melton Marisa Regules Argen tine pianist and the Gen Platoff Don Cossack chorus weve the fea tured artists In addition as a bo nus to members a fourth perform ance by the Mason City Womans symphony orchestra will be given on May 15 ITALY ALLIES Hostilities Cease in Part of Austria Also Rome German land sea and air forces in Italy and southern and western Austria at nearly 1000000 troops were surrendered unconditionally to the allies Wednesday by their commander with hostilities or dered to cease at 12 noon GMT 7 a m The capitulation signed in the presence of allied officers including Russians ended more than years of the bloody Italian campaign and permits the allies to advance unopposed to within 10 miles of Adolf Hitlers retreat at Berchtesgaden in Austria The surrender document was signed Sunday afternoon at Caserta by representatives of ColGen Heinrich von Vieting hoffScheel German commanderinchief in the southwest and of ObergruppenfuehreiKarl Wolff supreme commander of the SS and police in Italy Field Marshal Sir Harold L Alexander supreme allied com mander in the Mediterranean announced the mass surrender and in an order of the day to his troops declared you have won a victory which has ended in the complete and utter rout of the German armed forces in the as the German radio reported Adolf Hitler died Tuesday history can chronicle the deaths of the onetime axis partnersMussolini and Hitlerwlthin the same week This picture of the pair was taken IB July 1944shortly al efwhat as de scribed at that time as a plot against Hitlers life AP wirephoto Kayenay engraving World Skeptical About Adolf Hitlers Death Admiral Karl Doenifz moved swiftly Wednesclav m his role of successor to Adolf Hitler to shake up the nazi military and diplomatic fronts in efforts apparently directed toward a last ditch light in Norvjay However 15 hours after the Hamburg radio had announced the death of Hitler not a single toprankins nazi party man and only one commanfler had come forth to pjedge allegiance to Doeuitz as fuehrer One of the first acts vas to dismiss Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop and replace him with Count iutz SchwerinKro sigk finance minister in the Franz Von Papen and Von Schieicher cabinets which immediately pre ceded Hitlers rise to power Gen Franz Boehme army com mander in chief in Norway broadcast anorder of the day over the Oslo radio pledging al liance to Doenitz and calling on German forces in the north to fight on asa fanatic community Simultaneously Norwegian of ficials in London reported Doe nifz had fired Admiral Otto Ciliax German nava chieftain in Nor way since March 1943 because Ciliax allegedly favored capitula tion and had replaced him wiih Admiral Kranke formerly chief of the naval staff to Gen Bochmc The Hamburg radio slightly amplifying Tuesday nights an nouncement of Hitlers death said the Russians had attacked Berlins government quarter Tuesday and in fighting which cost both sides heavy losses and during which the fuehrer was killed the Russians succeeded in deepening their breaches into the Wilhelmstras se At the British foreign office Hitlers death but not necessarily the place and manner was ac cepted as true But foreign of fice spokesmen declared in order to remove all possible donbt the allies would demand that Hitlers body be produced after Germany surrenders Moscow in relaying the report to the Russian people over the official radio declared flatly the German radio statement evident ly represents a new fascist trick By such an announcement said the Russians the German fas cists evidently hope to prepire for Hitler the possibility of dis appearing from the scene and go e to an underground positions Some members of parliament believed the report might be a nazi ruse There was no com ment from Prime Minister Churchill or Gen Eisenhower First inkling that the dramatic news was coming was contained in a Hamburg radio broadcast at p in p m CWT in structing al Germans lo keep their radios turned for an im portant announcement hero Siegfried German men and women sol diers of the German army our fuehrer Adolf Hitler has fallen1 Doenitz announced dramatically With deepest sorrow and rev erence the German people bows He had recognized the horrible danger of bolshevism very early and consecrated his existence to the fight against it At the end of this his struggle and of his straight and unerring road he dies a heros death in the capital of the German reich His life was entirely given to fhe service of Germany His struggle against the bolshevist storm floods was furthermore not only for Europe but for the entire civilized world The fueh rer has appointed me to be his successor Fully conscious of the responsibility I take over the leadership of the German people in the fateful hour My first task will be to save the German people from the ad vance of the bolshevist enemy Doenitz continued For this aim only the military struggle con tinues For as long and as far as the reaching of this aim will be im peded by the AngloAmericans we shall continue to defend our selves against them and fight them The AngloAmericans do not then continue the war for their own people but solely lor the spreading of bolshevism in Eu rope What the German people has achieved fighting this war and what they have suffered at the home front is a historic uni cum BULLETIN Washington Secre tary of State Joseph C Grew Wednesday verified reports that Heinrich Himmler had offered a German surrender Grew made it clear that Himm lers surrender offer did extend to Russia and hence was not ac cepted by the United Stales and Britain In fact Himmler said Grew de clared that he hoped to be able to continue to fight on the eastern front He Himmler stipulated that his offer was for the western al lies only He said Hitler was so ill he might already be dead and could not live mort than 2 days and that he Himmler was therefore in full authorily Himmler wanted to meet General Eisenhower to sur render the whole western front The first overture by the nazi gcstapo chief was made the night of April 24 through Swedish For eign Minister Gunther Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light rain Wednesday becoming partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler Wednesday night with lowest about 34 Mild temperatures Thursday afternoon Iowa Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler west portion Wednesday night Mild temperatures Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy and colder with freezing tempera tures Wednesday night Thurs day fair and continued cool be coming warmer in west in the afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 43 Minimum Tuesday 36 At 8 a m Wednesday 36 Precipitation 45 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 53 Precipitation 25 BRITISH DRIVE CUTS DENMARK FROM GERMANY fatten Races South Juncture With Russians in Austria London Reuters dis patch from 21st army group head quarters Wednesday said British troops had captured Luebeck on the Baltic sealing oft Denmark and splitting the German pocket in northern Germany Wismar on the Baltic 30 miles east of Luebeck also was captured by the 6th airborne division the dispatch added German troops fled madly to ward Denmark through the shell raked corridor near Luebeck try ing to escape both the British and the Russians In the south the Texas 36th division of the 7th army captured Field Marshal von Rundstedt The 7th was fighting within 10 miles of the Austrian Tyrol cap ital of Innsbruck and a dozen miles of the Brenner Pass Gen Pattons 3rd army moved within 30 miles of Salzburg and 44 of Berchtesgaden in the area of Braunau where Hitler was born His tanks closed within J8 miles of Linz and less than 40 of the Russians at Amstettin A junction will cut the southern re doubt away from Czechoslovakia where the nazis have their lost heavy industries The British moved within 40 miles the Russian armies at Roscnhagcn and 60 miles of the Soviets at Waren American infantry as well as the 82nd airborne division were disclosed to be fighting alongside the British 2nd army in the new burst from the Elbe bridgehead which is combining with the Rus sian advance to collapse the Ger man defenses in the north All the north German ports were threatened The llth armored division reached Siebenhaumen i miles southwest of Luebeck on the Bal tic The British 6th airborne divi sion drove to a point 15 miles southwest of Schwerin fell which some reports to Stockholm said the Germans were abandon ing mirals 150 generals and adcessful ever waged Leer base of Emdcn Other Canadian of Bmn of Bremen Within 2 miles of CenlCr northwest Bremervorde west of Hamburg Polish armor reached Grosan der 18 miles northwest of AVil helmshaven In the north the British by passed Hamburg broke German lines northeast of the Elbe and advanced to within H miles of Luebeck whose capture would split the north German pocket and seal off Denmark and Schles wigHoIstein The Tommies cap tured Stade just west of w on a muiton sieged Hamburg and 78 miles mcn with all their arms equip south of the border of Denmark and impedimenta Alex Mediterranean and freed Italy The surrender exposed the flank of Co Gen von Lehr Ger man commander in the Trieste area British and Yugoslav troops already have linked at the head of the Adriatic northwest of Trieste At least 24 allied divisions in Italy are freedfor olher duties Yon VietinghoffScheels com mand includes all northern Italy to the Isonzp river in the north east and ttie Austrian provinces of Vonarlberg Tyrol Salzburg and portions of Corinthia and StyriV Tlie enemys total forces in cluding combat and rear echelon troops surrendered to the allies are estimated to number nearly 1000000 men Alexander an nounced Fightine troops include rem nants of 22 German and 6 Italian fascist divisions The following terms were posed in the surrender ending more than 1t years of the battle of Italy surrender by von VietinglioffScheels com mand of all land sea and air forces to Gen Alexander of all hostilities on land sea and in the air by enemy forces at 12 noon GMT i m m o b i1 i z a tion and disarmament of enemy forces on the part of the German commander in chief to carry out any further orders is sued by Gen Alexanderthe al lied suoreme commandcrinchicf in the Mediterranean of the orders or failure to comply with them to be dealt with in accordance with ac cepted laws and usages of war The instrument of surrender stipulates that it is independent of without prejudice to and will be superceded by any general in strument of surrender imposed by or on behalf oE the united nations and applicable to Germany and the German armed forces as a whole allied headquarters in Italy announced The surrender document was signed in the presence of allied officers including Russians The surrender announcement was accompanied by this order of the day from Alexander to allied troops in the Mediterranean After nearly 2 years of hard continuous fighting which started in Sicily in the summer of 1D43 you stand today as victors of the Italian campaign You have won a victory which has ended in the complete and ut ter rout of the German armed forces in the Mediterranean By clearing Italy of the last nazi ag gressor you have liberated a coun try of over 40000000 people Today the remnants of a once proud army have laid down their arms to on a million ander said in an announcement to allied armies You may well be proud of this iwu wen proua 01 mis Supreme headquarters angreat and victorious campaign nounced the capture in April of which will long live in history as s high enouah for to united forces in j m o une orces in 4 nules of the submarine Italy for your magnificent tri f E agnmccnt tri umph latitude and my admira unbounded and only equalled by the pride which is ;