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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 2, 1944, Mason City, Iowa THE NEWSPAPER THAT NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Aliociatcd Pica and United Press Full Leased Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 2 1911 This Paper Consists ot Two One NO Spain Agrees to Slash Shipments to Germany WOLFRAM WILL BE REDUCED TO TOKEN SUPPLY EnglishAmerican Oil Ban to Spain Lifted Old Quotas Allowed Washington The state de partment Tuesday announced a compromise agreement w 1 1 h Spain cutting Spanish wolfram shipments to the nazis to virtual token supplies which it was im plied may soon be blocked com pletely by allied invasion forces in France The United States accepted the compromise at the insistence of the British were said to re ly on Spain for certain essential war supplies Points agreed to were 1 In May and June Spain may export not more than 20 tons of the vital tungsten ore to Germany monthly 2 For the rest of 1944 not more than 40 tons monthly may be sent 3 Allieddesignated axis agents are to be expelled from Spain Spanish Morocco and Tangier 4 The German consulate and other axis agencies in Tangiel are to be closed 5 Five of 1 Italian merchant ships now interned by Spain arc tobe released immediately dis position of the 2 others and Italian warships in Spanish wa ters is to be submitted to arbi tration 6 All Spanish forces have al ready been withdrawn from thi Russian front 7 The AngloAmerican oil em bargo on Spain is to be lifted im mediately with resumption of old quotas of 48000 tons of bulk oil from the Caribbean monthly for metro pblitarT Spain 13000 for the colonies and 15000tonsof pack aged petroleum products from the United States The official announcement made jointly with a statement by British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden in the house of commons indicated that Germany is un likely to receive more than al lotted wolfram supplies for 2 or CHALLENGEFR RIGHT TO SEE WARDS STORE Company Presents Arguments as U S Seeks Injunction Chicago I ifi Montgomery Ward and company Tuesday chal lenged President Koosevelts right to place the huge concerns Chi cago plants under federal control Harold Smith attorney for the huge mail order and mercantile firm told Federal Judge William H Holly The substance of Ihe govern ments case is president has the power to confiscate Wards private property because of the existence of a national emergency which invests him as commandcr inchief of the armed forces with extraordinary and terrifying pow er of seizure This position is fallacious and 110 law or constitutional provision Crs probably sunk and 6 damaged confers such a power or authorizes The 2 destroyers brought to 25 its exercise I Jap Cruiser 2 Destroyers Sunk by Subs Washington of Japanese light cruiser and Japanese destroyers by American submarines operating deep in enemy controlled waters was an nounced by the navy Tuesday In addition the navy reported the American submersibles de stroyed 7 Japanese cargo vessels one large tanker and a large nav al auxiliary on their patrols car ried out in enemy territory The sinkings brought to 695 the number of Japanese vessels of all types sunk probably sunk or clamagcd by the submersibles That total includes 544 sent to the bottom A breakdown of the sinkings and damage shows that of the to tal 69 of the Japanese vessels have been war ships They include 45 sunk 10 prob ably sunk and 14 damaged The light cruiser destroyed in an unidentified area was the 4th of that classification sunk by American submarines The sub mersibles also have listed in their battle efforts 5 Japanese cruis Smash at Nazi Rail Centers 25 Times in 24 Hour Period 3 months before allied military operations dam up shipments completely The state department said that the settled quota equals roughly 10 per cent of what the Germans would have obtained this year un der their agreement with Spain and about of the wolfram the Germans already hold At highest speed production it was estimated it takes at least 4 months to transform the raw ore Into armorpiercing shells and tough metals The aim of the AngloAmerican negotiations with Spain as with other European neutrals was to block as completely as possible Germanys supply of strategic metals needed for nazi invasion defenses The United States wanted to hold out for a flat embargo such as Spain imposed during the 3 months that the discussions dragged on but the British urged the compromise The negotiations started with imposition of the allied oil em bargo announced January 28 aft er Spain granted Germany 000000 credit in pesetas in settle of a Spanish civil war debt In January 1944 the Germans received 300 tons of wolfram from Spain and had purchased ready for export 1000 tons more The maximum total for this year ex cluding January is now set at 280 tons Meanwhile a stale department official said AngloAmerican dis cussions continue with Portugal towards paring that countrys wolfram exports to the nazis Britain will go ahead now with separate negotiations with Spain on the subject of British imports he added ON THE BURMACHINA WAR map lo cates the latest advances in the BurmaChina war front While allied jungle troops in eastern India in a bid to com pletely erasff the Jap threat to the Kohima communica tions center hammered the enemy from several strategic positions Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells Chinese and Amer ican forces appear to have broken the back of the Jap re sistance innorthern Burma if Jap Effort to Break Road Block Repulsed by Allies By RICHARD C BEKGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor The stranglehold the allies have clamped around Japans supply line in northern Burma is beginning to choke Violent Japanese attempts to break a road block clamped on the railroad 65 miles south of Mogaung have been repulsed by allied airborne troops southeast Asia headquar ters said Tuesday More than 1 000 enemy have died in 4 lunges against the block The railroad is Japans mair supply line for Nipponese troop on the BurmaIndia front Th terminus Myitkyina is one of th immediates objectives of Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells forces i their campaign to carve an over land supply cutoff from Ledo India to Hie old Burma roa leading to China Adm Lord Louis Mountbal tens headquarters communique that Stilwells jungle veteran captured a Japanese strong poin west of the Mogaung river an are within 30 miles of Mogaung an important railroad junction PATROLS CLASH ON ITALIAN LINE Allied PlanesMaintain Drive on Supply Routes Allied Headquarters Naples UP Fierce patrol fighting broke out all along the main battlefronts be low Rome Monday a communi que reported Tuesday while al lied bombers maintained their day and night offensive against enemy supply ports and rail lines in cen tral and northern Italy German skirmishers cut into the 5th army forward positions on the Anzio beachhead 3 miles south west of Aprilia and farced a slight withdrawal hilc allied combat patrols were attacking the right flank of the beachhead One 5lh army unit launched an attack on Cerreto Alto with un disclosed results and another raid ing party probed the German lines 2 miles west of Littoria with drawing without casualties alter a brief fight A formation of 12 to 15 German planes attempted a sneak raid on Anzio harbor Sunday evening but the raiders were forced to jettison their bombs before reaching the port area At least 4 and probably 6 enemy planes were shot down by army antiaircraft gunners On the main 5th army front to the south allied troops improved their positions along the lower Garigliano river near Tremon suoli Allied and German artillery and mortar batteries traded heavy fire in the Cassino sector al though there were no reports of 3 new ground action in that area German combat patrols particu larly were active along the Adri atic front launching 8 separate at tacks against the allied positions near Tollo and Ortona All were driven off and allied skirmishers counterattacked at a number of points American and British fighters and fighterbombers ranged over the battle areas bombing and machine gunning road lines and supply concentrations while the allied medium and heavy bombing fleets struck nazi targets further north In Chinas northern Hona province Japanese were reporte rushing the fortification of can tured llulao pass and were withi PeipingHankow railroadTh village of TTingshang 180 mile northeast of Hankow also fell the Japanese Mopup work by sixth arm troops around Mollandia Dutc New Gpinea accounted for 66 dead Japanese as of Sunda Headquarters also said air units hit targets at Amboina in the Dutch East Indies at Manokwari in northern Dutch Guinea at Hansa Bay on the British New Guinea coast at Kabul New ain and at Bougainville Solomons Tokyo radio said an American carrier task force raided Truk Sunday and Monday and caused some damage One carrier was heavily damaged and 30 air craft were destroyed the broad cast said There was iio confirmation from Adm Chester W Nimitz His only announcement said a single liberator bomber raided Truk Saturday other planes hit Ponape in the Carolines and enemy bases in the Marshails and Aleutianbased planes hit Par amushirn naval base in the north ern Kurilcs Smith declared that the firm sent to the attacked the validity of the seizure submarines on these constitutional grounds It is an unreasonable seizure contrary to the 4th article of the bill of rights it deprives them the owners of liberty and property without due process of law and constitutes the taking of private property for public use without just compensation in direct viola tion of article 5 of the bill of j rights Smith said the commanderin hief was entitled to respect yalty and cooperation from all tizens but added But I strongly resist and re ent ally notion that in the guise his military powers he can gnore the bill of rights and arro ate to himself despotic powers gainst which free people have een protected since the days of lagna Carta and which are ex licitly and unmistakably reserved o the people of the United States n the bill of rights Arguments were ended at noon j on Attorney General Francis Bid dies petition for an injunction to tstrain Ward officials from inter fering with federal operation of the firms Chicago over with the assistance of sol diers Wednesday night Judge Holly said he would make his de cision Monday Biddlc asserted the courts have felt that the president had a right to act in an emergency and had not questioned his acts in such emergencies The war facilities were taken over by the government after Se well A very chief executive officer of the firm had refused to bow to white house and war labor board orders to extend an expired con tract with a CIO union Mr Smith would sweep aside all powers ever taken by any president Biddle stated For ex ample he would say the president had no right to seize coal mines in an emergency Biddle argued that the question was not a constitutional issue but question of whether the presi ents wartime powers statute lecifically recognize what illed the presidents reserve owers If you Biddlc told the judge Brit construe the statute to apply to tnt Montgomery Ward Ihe case is 2ltled i the number of Japanese warcraft bottom by American 8 NEGROES IN FLORIDA VOTE Unchallenged in Casting Ballots in Primary Tallahassee Fla IP Eight Negroes some of them members of the Florida Agriculture and Mechanical College for Negroes faculty were permitted to vote unchallenged in the democratic parly primary election here Tues day They were among 19 Negroes who had registered as democrats in Leon county even before the United States supreme court ruled several weeks ago that Negroes could vote in Texas democratic primaries They were duly registered a democrats a precinct officia said and we had no alternativ but to let them vote a Negro high schoo Iowa Woman Killed in CarBus Collision Creston Jlrs Homer Ray 81 Kent Iowa was killed Monday night in the collision between the car in which she was riding and a westbound Burlington Trailways bus 7 miles southwest of here None of the 17 bus passengers was injured Mrs Edith Thomas 50 daughter of Mrs Ray and driver of the car was brought to a Cres ton hospital where her condition was reported satisfactory S NEW MEMBERS New YorJt American society of composers authors and publishers had 2 new members Tuesday One was Leopold Sto kowski famous symphony con ductor and composer The other Band Leader Al Trace who intro duced Mairzy DoaU BASEBALL GAME POSTPONED HERE The scheduled baseball game between Mason City and East Wa terloo carded here Tuesday at 6 oclock has been postponed be cause of rain It will be played a week from Wednesday Next home icatne on the card is Thursday against the Garner Cardinals Actress Says Name in Ads Too Small Asks 100000 in Damages Hollywood Bin nic Barnes said Tuesday that he name was too small in the ndvcr tisemcnts for Up In Mabel Room and demanded 510000 fromProducer Edward Small fo injury to her professional stand ing Miss Barnes suit alleged tha her contract provided that he name be listed in type as large a that used for the star of the pic lure BLUE GIVES TALK Toledo Gov Robert D Blue in an address before the re publican womens club here Mon day night said he recommended studies of the postwar problem of disposition of surplus war com modities and the advisability of selecting a stale purchasing agent to purchase surplus war materials for stale institutions Gandhi Reported Still Suffering From Fever Bombay improve ment in the condition of Mohan das K Gandhi has not bee wholly maintained it was an nounced Tuesday in a commun quc issued by the Bombay g crnnmcnl and specialists make a new examination f nil The famous Indian leader ha been gravely ill for some Urn suffering from fever JIASON CITY INVASION and Goebbels are not the only ones that have the invasion jitters its a malady that rapidly is spreading around the globe tt has even gotten to Mason Pappas right above even bad to pay off a wager with J Emerson Decker left In a weak moment Mr Pappas bet him about 7 months ago that Germany would be out ot the war by May 1 Mr Decker revealed after the payoff adding that Curtis Amen and himself had been kidding Bill ever since about the Greek navy and the near end of the war The weak moment did not last long enough however for Mi Amen to be able to make the same wager although be tried Tuesday Mr Pappas admitted that he bad learned teacherlrad attempted to vote as a democrat at another precinct but left the polling place without being admitted to a booth Officials at her precinct said she had not been refused a bal lot but had been asked to wait until they could get a legal rul ing on her qualifications The state democratic executive committee which called the pri mary election adopted a resolu tion restricting it to white voters However state law contains no provision specifically prohibiting a Negro from voting ns a demo crat Women Convicted n Washington Trial Washington women ssociatcd with the swank Hop ins Institute alleged milliondol ar call house were convicted uesday of conspiracy to violate ne Mann act after a trial that ailed to bring into the open little black book reputed to ontain names of the institutes atrons The federal court jury deliber tcd one hour and 20 minutes No Hitc for sentencing was set The women arc subject to scn enccs ranging from 4 months to 2 years whether thechannel tides may postpone the invasion until September Gust Kepreos is the cashier standing by in the background to make sure that the 5 conies out of Mr Pappas pocket and not the cash drawer Reds Prepare for Fierce New Assaults may not find it feasible to pause nore than momentarily This means that the impending Hied offensives are calculated to icthe final decisive ill The idea is to give Hitler no cst once the multiple onslaught tarts Weather Report IN MASON CITY Mason City Showers and thunder storms Tuesday afternoon am Tuesday night and carlj Wednesday cooler Tuesday aft crnoon Tuesday night and early Wednesday Iowa Showers and occasiona thunderstorms ending Tuesda night followed by decreasin cloudiness Wednesday colder Minnesota Showers Tuesday night and in northeast portion Wednesday forenoon followed by decrease in cloudiness Wed nesday afternoon colder FORECAST GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 75 Minimum Monday night S3 At 8 a m Tuesday 53 Rain 25 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum i 40 NAZIS TIGHTEN WORKER RULES Reign of Terror in France Is Reported London in an 1th hour attempt to prevent aiiy evolt timed to coincide with nn Iliecl invasion was reported uesday virtually to have quar nlined 3000000 foreign workers n the rcich and begun an unpai lleled reign ot terror in France Dispatches from neutral coun rics said the German government lad prohibited foreign workers riost of them already little more han slaves to travel on railways vithout special permission which vould be granted only if the ourncy were absolutely neces iary Pierre Vienot ambassador of he French national committee to london charged in an interview hnl the Germans were carrying out mass murders in France in a futile effort to stamp out growin patriot resistance on the eve of the opening of n western front More thin 100000 of the Vichy French militia were cooperating with the geslapo and German military in the ruthless campaig on extermination centering main ly in northern France opposite England Vienot said Whole villages were bcin wiped out in the manner of Lid ice he asserted In one town he said a movie theater was set afire and all inside perished Nevertheless sabotage was con tinuing to increase in France he said In January 58 trains wen derailed and 96 locomotive wrecked in one district alone By DKWITT MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst Marshal Stalin has Ihe knack oC imparting grim finality to his orders of the day and the already raw nerves of the Hitlerites must have been raked a 11 e w by his May Day pro n o u n c e in e nt which presaged the conce r t e d allied action that will pursue the wounded German beast to its lair and finish It off1 While the sov iet chief was is suing this call to nited action the red air force vas Iminislcring pointed rcmindei f the retribution to come Brest itovsk ancient and strategic citj many war calamities was eavily bombed It was there tha he newborn soviet in 1918 acccp ed harsh German peace condition dictated to her by Germany word in hand Moscow ho ever forgotten that Just as there is no doubt that vestern allies arc an the verge of elivcring the mightiest amphib ous attack of history so it is qually sure that the red armies ire girding themselves for fresh inslaughts Police Chase 2 Men Into Police Station Los Angeles Mil ler 27 and William Harshber ger 28 were riding in a stole cab when police officers starte to chase them As the officer r sed in Miller and Harshbergc jumped out of the cab ran acros an empty lot and dashed throug an open door into the first builc ing they saw It was the Univei sity police station They are sti there MACKENZIE BRITISH SUBS SINK 5 SHIPS Jap Destroyer Cargo Vessels Arc Sent Down London UP British subma rines blockading Japans sea lanes aetwcen Singapore and Burma have sunk a destroyer and 4 mer chant vessels and bombarded Port Blair main port in Ihe Andaman islnmls the admiralty announced Wednesday Two mediumsized supply ships and u small cscorl vessel were damaged by submarines the ad miralty communique added The submarine attacks follow ing closely the naval task force raid April 19 on Sabang off the northern trip of Sumatra indi cated the increasing attention being given the SingaporeBurma HIT TRANSPORT LINES KEY IN NAZI DEFENSES Heavy Prelnvasion Air Offensive Swings Into 18th Day Straight London into the most widespread attack on Ger man rail transport thus far allied air forces late Tuesday brought to more than 25 the number of heavy smashes made in a period ot about 24 hours against these centers of enemy defense E a r 1 i e r American liberators bombed German installations in northern France carrying the huge preinvasiou air offensive into its 18th consecutive day after 1000 or more heavy bombers Monday night assaulted targets in France Belgium Italy and Ger many Late announcements disclosed that American marauder medium bombers and lighter havocs had ssiiulted railway yards in Bu ny Valenciennes and Blae isscron while RAF Mitchells id spitfires were scourging other ml as yet unidentified railway irgets in France and Belgium Up to 750 British and Canadian ambers flew from England lirough a cloudless night against German aircraft chemical auto n d explosive factories and against the rail targets on which he enemy must depend to meet nvasion the British air ministry announced The other rose from Italian bases About 500 American planes were estimated authoritatively to have made Tuesdays attack half of them liberators and half thun derbolt and mustang fighters Formations of allied medium bombers and fighters crossed and recrossed the channel skies in the early afternoon after the libera tors had returned from their mis sion The liberators encountered no German fighters and an unusually small amount ot flak A communique identified the Jiberators target as the PasDe Calais area and said all planes re turned Thunderbolt fighterbombers escorted by thunderbolt fighters attacked rail yards at Tergnicr and Le Mans deep in France while the liberators were staking French soil closest to Gen Dwight Eisenhowers invasion masses Lemans is one of the most im portant junctions in western France a funnel for traffic be tween Paris and big western ports such as St Nazairc and Brest The fighterbombers sweep raised to 21 the number of rail road objectives attacked in the last 14 hours nearly as many as were hit all last week At i p m the German radio asserted that enemy fighter for mations arc over western Ger many indicating that one of the allied fighter strafing expeditions ngainsl nazi airfields The night operations probably the most farflung although not the heaviest conducted by the RAF came while allied heavy and supply Louis route by Admiral Lord Mountbattcns southeast medium bombers in the Mediter ranean theater shot a 4 ply blow at key German held cities in Italy They also followed attacks by Britainbased daylight raid ers of which 2000 were Ameri can which chewed up 17 rail junctions through which supplies Asia command as a prelude to and men move to Hitlers Atlantic further ground offensive operawall Three American bombers lions and 3 fighters were lost while 5 One submarine torpedoed and r erman planes were shot down sank a destroyer and damaged the The operational record from mediumsized supply ship it was Britain Monday was around 4000 The Muscovite war machine ikely will start lo roll about the ime the AngloAmericanFrench lilies strike and OIKC its under way it may well not halt until it s grinding German soil There has been a lull in most sectors of the Russian front the naval base of Sevastopol contin ues There are several reasons for this slackening off none of which means that it is anything more than a temporary pause For one thing the red forces were due for a breather Also the armies would be in need of over hauling and replacements after the terrific grind through which they have passed Even more vital would be the necessity of repairing communica tions which have been extended so far and so vapidly since last sum mer In maktnc all these preparations for new offensives the Russians must bear in mind that they prob ably are about In start the last lap to Berlin and it wilt he a lone ran Once theyve began they escorting south of the Andaman islands Ihe admiralty said An other mediumsized supply vessel sunk in the same arcu while traveling under strong escort In the Malacca Straits between Sumatra and the Malay peninsula another British submarine sank three supply ships traveling in convoy and damaged an escort vessel and a cargo ship The admiralty said a third sub marine successfully bombarded military targets al Port Blair and Roos island in the Andamans which lie in the Bay of Bengal southwest of Burma Shore batteries inffectively re turned the fire the communique said The latest sinkings increased the number of Japanese ships sen to the bottom since the start o the war to 1378 including 27E warships Another 1162 includ ing 324 combal ships have been damaged Peruvian Incns are believed t have used coca leaves from which cocaine is derive as an an esthetic for their skull operations centuries ago ortics individual plane flights vhile allied planes based in Italy ddcd 1300 more sorties to tha reinvasion aerial Crescendo Ten planes from the KAF Brit shbascrt sky fleet failed to re urn while 2 allied aircraft were cporled missing from all day isht and operations Mon day in the Italian theater Two enemy planes were destroyed in he Italian theater The RAF planes from Britain which also were joined by RCAF Dombcrs hit an auto works at Lyon an airplane repair plant at Tours an airplane factory and explosive works al Toulouse and rail installations in Chambly near Paris In addition to these French tar gets the night raiders hit 2 Bel gian rail Mcchelcn northeast of Brussels and at St Ghislain near Mons They also struck the German chemical cen ter of Ludwigshafen in the upper Rhineland in what evidently was a diversionary operation Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bo jr y ;