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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ARCHIVES KOJKES U YOU U and Unite Press Full Leased Wires NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CCTY IOWA TUESDAY 1 M Paper Comlsti of Two SeeUonsSeclion On JAPTUREOF BERLIN IMMINENT INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS Im pressions of the vastly important San Francisco conference were written specially for the Globe Gazette by the Rev John D Clin ton of the First Methodist church of Joiva Falls on the eve of the opening session Sir CHnton formerly of Mason City and Fay etJe was sent to the California city as a surprise present by the official board of his church By JOHN D CUNTON San the day before the San Francisco confer ence A large R A F plane circled down from the 1600 foot ceiling and with his ears humming there arrived the Hon Clement Richard Attlee P C M P which didnt mean he was a private class military police either for the British nation had made him a member of parliament then deputy prime minister and now not only leader of the labor party but lord president of the council To say that the British were in camp high on a hill above San Francisco would not have sounded so well a few years back but this April in San Francisco it is dif ferent In theMark Hopkins Hotel bigb on a California hill there is headquarters established for the British delegation the India China Liberia and Luxem bourg groups and peace abides Here before the conference got away Mr Attlee gladly agreed to hold conference The Palace hotel as Press headquarters started to taxi full immediatelythe In the taxi I man expressed himself Very well and was hailed as Upton by most therein Not knowing I asked Upton Who and he said Upton Close Upon finding my representa tion he said Oh yes I very remember Mason City and my several speaking trips there and nationally we are all thankful for the contribution of that Legion man Jack McNider from your state of Iowa And the world was small again Mr Attlee had come by way of Montreal andDenver He said that he came not to be a part of a world debate so much as to be a part of a world organization We are going to rebuild not only architecturally tut in opin ions in many cases he said One reporter knowing Mr Att lee to be a devotee of the writings of Ruskin proceeded to read a long quotation about Buskins early theory of war as that in stitution which by strict disci pline purified the race This reporter was silenced by the largest press chorus the world has ever heard The one word was easily understood from 1000 throats It was Boooo And when the Hon Mr Attlee gained the floor again his com ment was that John Ruskin as a writer of old in his short life had found it quite to his liking to change opinions at times and that the world on the matter in question had come to San Fran cisco once and for all to debate a little but organize a 2oJ in that direction To have a world traveler tired after strenuous travel devote his first hour in San Francisco to this largest press gathering he ever addressed was a memorable testimony to the fact that orgavu ization of the world would be a first emphasis with men in their hearts committed to getting done right from the start it ships Their Monday Big 5 Discusses International Trusteeships o San Francisco big 5 powers have begun their long awaited consultations on the problem of international trustee first meeting was held night and another is scheduledfor Thursday night The discussions are on the technical level but a delegate from each of the nations is sitting in Comdr Harold E Stassen heads the U S subcommittee on the trusteeship question The United States group Mon day night presented the American plan for trusteeships to the other Britain France and China It is understood to be so designed that the United States can keep complete control of stra tegic bases captured from the Japanese in the Pacific REDS OBSERVE MAY DAY WITH VICTORY NEAR Russian Flag Flies Over Reichstag Other German Buildings BULLETIN London Stalin announced Tuesday night that the second White Russian army had capered the W Baltic port of Stralsund and a number of other towns in sweeping advances alone the coast north of Berlin London Moscow broad cast said Tuesday that the Rus sians expected the red army to announce Tuesday night the cap ture of Berlin where the hammer and sickle already flew triumph ant over the Reichstag and a doz en other administrative buildings Russian and German reports alike indicated an imminent de cision amidst the bloodsoaked rubble of Berlin where the red army was hewingout its greatest symbolic victory of the war All Moscow broadcasts and dis patches reflected confident expec tation that Marshal Stalin would cap Moscows first glittering May day celebration of the war with an announcement that Berlin had fallen Robert Magidoff broadcasting over theMoscow radio for NBC reinforcing with para the ampuncSSgntOffBeriOTs fall Tuesday Reports lagging well behind the course of the struggle in theheart of Berlin said the Russians had battled on to Unter den Linden against faltering resistance The Russian flag had been hoisted over the reichstag the main post office and the interior ministry The battle raged within a stones throw of Adolf Hitlers onetime ornate reichschancel lery and in the Tiergarten where the nazis were reported to have established a fort for a lastditch stand The Russians were against time as well as the Ger mans in the hope of holding a May day parade along Unter den Linden where Hitler in other days held so many German vic tory parades Another fierce battle raged in the Tiergarten Berlins central park just west of Unter den Lin den It was from an underground fortress beneath the Tiergarten that the German haps headed by di recting the fanatic Berlin garrison of SS troops Hitler youth and womens death battalions A Hamburg broadcast said the battle Berlin might end at any hour The London Daiiy Express said the Russians were their assault forces troops dropped from planes The first White Russia and first Ukrainian armies were spurred on by a May Day order of the day by Premier Marshal Stalin calling on them to deal the death blow to the fascist beast Red armies killed 1000000 Ger man officers and men and cap tured another 800000 in their 325 mile march from the Vistula to burning Berlin in the last 4 months Stalin said The World war unleashed by the German imperialists is draw ing to a close he said The col lapse of Hitlerite Germany is a matter of the nearest future The last storm of the Hitlerite den is on Germanys doom was sealed he said by the junction of Russian and American forces south of Ber lin The reich now is completely isolated and stands alone not to count her ally Japan he said Stalin did not elaborate on this reference to Japan whose friend ship treaty with Russia he de nounced last month During the Russian march from the Vistula Stalin said red armies captured ordestroyed 6000 enemy aircraft up to 12000 tanks and selfpropelled guns more than 23000 field guns and enormous quantities of other armaments and equipment He ridiculed what he called ab surd tales that the united nations wished to exterminate the German people The united nations will destroy fascism and German militarism will Severely nunish criminals and will compel the Germans to com pensate the damage they caused other countries he said Aussies in Invasion of Dutch Borneo By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Australian troops who fought in the middle east are participating in an action against the Japanese in Borneo Treasury Minister Joseph B Chifley told the Aus tralian parliament Tuesday This statement made to the lower house and reported in a Canberra dispatch apparently confirmed an earlier Tokyo radio report that allied forces had in vaded the oilrich island of the Netherlands East Indies Minister Chifleys announce ment was the first from any allied source to lend credence to the enemy radio broadcast In recent months Tokyo consistently has been the first to report allied in vasions in the Pacific Chifley said a famous division of Aussies ivas engaged on Bor neo Tokyo reported the allied as sault waves had engaged Japa nese troops near the Dutch Bor neo port of Tarakan Monday night after making one unsuccess ful landing in the Dutch Indies Such an assault perhaps by combined American and British force under command Gen Douglas MacArthur would rep resent a 200 mile jump from the southern Philippines into the northernmost oil islands in the Dutch Indies Due west of the reported in vasion British naval lask forces reportedly shelled Nicobar and Andaman islands in the Indian oceans while armored columns powringvjciut of Burmas central advahcingto warc op position In the southern Philippines the V S 24th division brushed aside surprisingly light opposition as it advanced o within 17 miles of supposedly stronglyheld Davao Guerrillas captured Taliknd is land guarding the approaches to Davao Tank supported infantrymen On southern Okinawa 325 miles from Japan captured Machinate air drome on the west coast began flanking Yonabaru airdrome on the east and pushed to within half a mile of Shuri strategical ly important town in the center of the line Fiftynine Japanese planes were shot down In their continu ing attack around Okinawa Free running American aircraft wrecked 56 Nipponese vessels in strikes reaching from Japan it self down the length of the Asiatic coast Adm Soemu Toyoda comman derinchief of what is left of Japans combined fleet was named overall commander ofthe Nipponese navy in a shakeup may be a forerunner to an other naval battle Japanese broadcasts reported no Nipponese naval attempts to halt the reported Borneo invasion nor to check the British bombard ments in theIndian oceans The Domei news agency said carrier aircraft raided Car Nicobar island Monday while a bombardment force ot 12 warships shelled ground installations Eight war ships heavily shelled Port Blair in the Andaman islands Domei said Northeast of Borneo on Minda nao island of the Philippines Yanks found heavily mined roads their greatest obstable as they overran elaborate antiaircraft and coastal defense positions in a 10 mile push toward Davao In the northern Philippines the 33rd and 37th divisions spreading out from captured Baguio seized 2 enemy strongpoints and one air field The general advance on Okina wa carried the 27th division to within 2 miles of the capital city of Naha Tanks were called in to complete conquest of Machinate airdrome the 4th to be taken in the invasion Tanks led the 96th too as it pushed through the toughest opposition yet to within 800 miles of Shuri former Okin awa capital 2 BILLS UNSIGNED Des Moines of the 260 bills passed by the 1845 legis lature still remain on the desk of Gov Robert D Blue He has un til May 12 to sign or veto them One would require school bus drivers to obtain regular chauf feurs licenses the other would appropriate for services of presession and postsession legis lative help Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy MUSSOLINIS BODY HANGS BY HEELS IN MILAN In Milan Plaza Loretto the bodies of Bemto Mussolini left and his mistress Clara Petacci center hang b Pvt Maass Killed in Action in Germany on April 15 Entered Service Year Ago Overseas Since January Pvt Robert H Maass son of Mr and Mrs Harold Maass 929 8th N E was killed in action in Germany an April 15 1945 ac cording to a message from the war department received here Robert was sent overseas on last Jan 20 He first landed in France and later was sent to Germany He entered he service last May 18 at the age of 18 while a junior in high school After 17 weeks of basic training at Camp Roberts Cal he came home on furlough the latter part of September and then reported to Fort Benning Ga for advanced training Robert was born in Mason City at the address given abovel He had just passed his 19th birthday on March 1 Besides his parents he is survived by one brother Donald age 8 ROBERT H MAASS Will Arraign Powell in Connection With Death of 2 Farmers Knoxville A ill 59 Des Moines house painter will be arraigned at 7 p m Fri day in connection with the fatal shooting of 2 Knoxville farmers Saturday night County Attorney Leon Miller said Tuesday The arraignment originally was set for Tuesday morning but was postponed An inquest in the shooting is scheduled for 8 p m Friday No charge has been filed against Powell but Miller said a charge of murder likely would be filed against the painter before the ar raignment The shooting followed a family drinking party and resulted in the death ot Ike Slykhuis and his nephew Jfike Slykhuis S3 PULITZER PRIZES New York prize winners will be announced Mon day Columbia university said Tuesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light rain or showers and warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday Contin ued mild Wednesday Iowa Mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered showers west portion Warmer east portion Tuesday night Con tinued mild Wednesday Minnesota day and Mostly cloudy Tues Wednesday clearing west portion Wednesday after noon Scattered showers Tues day and east portion Wednes day Warmer east portion Tues day warmer west portion Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 55 Minimum Monday 34 At 8 a m Tuesday 39 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 52 Precipitation 12 Graziani Orders Army to Surrender Rome UP Rodolfo Graziani unconditionally surren dered the Germancontrolled Ital ian Ligurian army to the allies Tuesday while New Zealand troops of the 15th army group made contact with Marshal Titos Yugoslavian forces 16 miles north west of Venice Graziani told German and Ital ian troops of the Ligurian army thai further resistance would be useless and ordered his troops to lay down their arms The 2nd New Zealand division crossed the Isomo river in north eastern Italy ami made contact with Titos forces in the Monfal cone area Fifteenth army group forces were within 139 miles of the 7th American army on the north 224 miles from the French ori the wesl and less than 58 from the Jugoslavs Troops of the loth army group continue to slash demoralized en emy forces throughout north It aly said Mondays communique reporting new gains to the north and east Fifth army troops who were meeting the only stiff resistance north of Lake Garda captured Riva Tarbole and Nago Riva is 110 miles from the Brenner Pass which the Germans were trying desperately to keep open to let ihejr remnants escape into the Ba varian redoubt Seventh army forces in Austria were within 12 miles of Innsbruck the northern gateway and 29 miles from the pass itself On the west French forces slashing across the Italian frontier were reported only 22 i miles from Turin taken by 5th army troops Monday A communique from Marshal Titos headquarters reported that Jugoslav forces still were battling the Germans in the streets of the Italian port city Street fighting also was reported in Fiumc where Tito and claimed the German 188th 237th divisions were sur rounded and in the process of be ing destroyed Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Drive Toward Linz and Juncture With Reds Paris Patterns 3rd army express drove 25 rmles put of its Isar bridgehead Tuesday and reached theIrin river in the vicinity of Braunau Adolf Hitlers birthplace on the AustrianBavarian border columns rollingin every sector along a 100mile front Pattens troops converged on Linz Austrian industrial city 55 miles from last reported positions of Rus sian troops Claim No New Peace Offer By Himmler London Folke Ber nadotte Swedish emissary reputed to be negotiating with nrfzi lead ers for Germanys surrender con firmed Tuesday that he had con ferred with Heinrich Himmler 10 days ago A Swedish foreign office spokesman insisted however that Bernadotte had not brought back any new peace message from Himmler to be transmitted to the allies through the Stockholm gov ernment Prime Minister Churchill mean while hinted in commons that an official statement clarifying the entire situation might be expected soon Churchill said he would inform commons immediately of any ma jor developments and the British home ministry said the prime would broadcast assoon as wordofGerittanys surrender was received Eemadotte partially lifted the secrecy covering his recent activi ties during a press conference late Tuesday in the Swedish for eign office in Stockholm He refused to give details of any of his discussions with Himm ler beyond the fact that they had met 10 days ago in the Baltic port of to discuss the allied demand that Germany surrender unconditionally to the United States Britain and Russia Bernadotte and the foreign office spokesman emphasized that no new reply from Himmler had been transmitted to the allies through the Swedish government Tuesday statement which did not pre clude the possibility of Berna dottes communcating direct with the allied embassies in Stockholm Bernadotte had no immediate word on the persistent reports that the Germans were withdraw ing from Copenhagen and possi up bly all Denmark as their surrender a prelude to Earlier Prime Minister Church ill hinted in commons that re ports of a German surrender of fer might be expected shortly He said he would make the an nouncement to commons during its sitting any pertinent information was available Churchills statement came amidst report from Sweden that German troops were withdrawing from Copenhagen and possibly all Denmark in what may be the first step in Heinrich Himmlers plan to make peace with the allies Germanys few remaining radio stations warned the German peo ple that momentous news was ex pected and that they must be prepared for anything Churchill conferred with Kin George in Buckingham palace ami then appeared before a tense house of commons to deliver a guarded and deliberately vague statement He did not deny that German surrender negotiations were in progress He comment on the sian troops west of Vienna in the Danube Valley Elements of the llth armored division drove to Matrhof 13 miles northwest of Linz and other columns of the division entered Lembach and Oepping 21 and 24 miles northwest of the city The llth armored in the Brau naa area was 30 miles from Salz burg one of the chief cities in the reported nazi redoubi and was only a little over 40 miles from Berchtesgaden Hitlers mountain retreat LtGen Alexander M Patchs 7th army captured Munich and plunged toward Innsbruck and the Brenner Pass Reports persisted at supreme headquarters that the Germans might be expected at any moment to accept the united nations de mand for unconditional surren der The British in the north cap tured Schwarzenbek and reached Sahms 17 miles due east of Ham burg and 24 miles south of Lue beck at the eastern base of the Danish peninsula Sahms is 56 miles below Kiel and 72 from Rostock which Russian armis northwest of Berlin are approach ing The U s 82nd titrboriie di vision had a 3mile over the Elbe just river from the British Gen Eisenhower bailed the capture of Munich largest Ger man city yet to fall In a terse order of the flay To every member of the allied expeditionary forces The whole AEF congratulates the 7th army on the seizure of Munich the cradle of the nazi beast His appellation of beast pos sibly arose from fresh disclosures of horror at the nearby Dachau prison camp freed just before Munich fell LtGen Alexander IW Patch the hero of Guadalcanal was the conqueror of Munich 3rd city of Germany with 828325 residents A few snipers were being mopped up and occasionally stray shells fell in the city The 3rd division Rainbow 42nd and ThunderbSrd 45th divisions cleared the city after help from the Hellcat 12th arm ored and 20th armored divisions Patchs men at last reports a day old were within a dozen miles of Innsbruck 61005 and 20 miles of the Brenner Pass Prob ably no more than 110 miles sep arated the 7th army from Gen Uarks victorious command in Italy but those miles wero ser rated with snow capped Alps The French 1st army on the 7th armys right flank was inside Austria and the Alpine redoubt The Poilns captured the aircraft center of Freidrichshafen 15 000 where the Germans once made zeppelins The 3rd armys nearest approach to Berchtesgaden was at an other wise unspecified point 12 miles south of the Isar river in the 20 mile bridgehead from 11 miles northeast of Landau to a point 9 miles southwest of that city of 18000 which the 71st division captured There rations Iroops were 53 miles from 40232 and only 20odd miles from Brannau where Hitler was born Two arm ored and 3 infantry ment Churchill that official had no spccisl news at the mo miTes deep revealed however plans for Britains victory celebration would be made public Tuesday night ready for application at a moments notice Throughout his brief appearance in commons he spoke as if Ger manys unconditional surrender now were a foregone conclusion and that the armies in Europe might be engaged in occupying bridgehead was 7 from Landshut to While the llth armored division moved upon Linz 131423 in force one of its columns reached the Austrian border a mile south west of Oberkappel their various istrative zones postwar admin The Stockholm newspaper Dag ens Nyheter said Himmlers re ply to allied demands was deliv ered to allied diplomats in the Swedish capital Monday by a member of the Swedish foreign office believed to be Foreign Min ister Christian E Guenther him self Churchill also was believed to be m touch with President Tru man and Premier Stalin the rily Express said Proposed Solution to European Food Problem Served at Conference San Francisco d e h y drated but tasty multipurpose meal that may help solve Europes food problem was introduced Tuesday to united nations confer ence delegates Made up of every mineral and vitamin needed to sustain life the food mix was developed by Dr Henry Borosook professor of bi logical chemistry at the Califor nia institute of technology ;