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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OJHP EMflTMEKT OF HISTtrtY AND ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION niiiir VOL un Associated Press United Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 31 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 146 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KCLO Mason City Sundar WTAD Qnlncy 111 trion p m WOI Ames Tuesday at WSU1 Iowa Cltjr p m Scare Psychology Wont Prevent War EVERY intelligent person in the world today knows that war is the worst of bad business Past wars have been bad business but they have been child play in com parison with a future war based on controlled missiles and atomic energy Everybody with an ounce of brains knows that Everybody out of the 3rd grade knows that an other war would mean curtains for civilization Everybody knows that an atomic war would be brought to the doorsteps of all people no matter how remote from the actual battlelines This universal knowledge ought to be a complete guarantee that there will be no future war By fright alone there ought to be universal insistence that anybody suggesting the possibility of war would be automatically consigned to a padded cell But alas in the face of all this wars and rumors war persist THE plain fact is that scare alone isnt a guarantee against war The need for peace does not insure peace The fact that civili zation hangs in the balance does not by itself abolish the possi bility of war This is a conclusion that I have arrived at most reluctantly For a long time Ive lulled myself into a belief that a realistic evalu ation of past wars and a realistic understanding of how infinitely worse a future war was complete insulation against that future war But events in the world scene have forced themselves upon my thinking to the extent that I no longer believe further war is im possible or even unlikely The scare psychology alone will not do the job IN this reasoning I suspect Im influenced by what Ive seen at dose range in another traffic safety As we look at the statistics we ought to be scared into the ways of safety But are we No we mostly just yawn and say it wont happen to me In one field however the so called scare psychology seems to get results My reference here is to a certain type of personal ap peal advertising most prominent in our magazines Those with toothpaste or de odorants to sell do a large amount of harping on the string that un less we use thenproduct were going to be shunned by our fellow man This is the motif of an amazing proportion of magazine it must be as sumed that it gets results But in its application to traffic safety and to war it seems rather plain to me that fright alone will not do the job And if we think so were leaning on a weak reed in a strong wind ANOTHER fact hard to explain that in spite of almost unanimous opposition to war at least in the abstract wars have continued down through the cen turies Those favoring war have always been a pronounced minor ity numerically And yet wars have persisted In the years between the 2 world wars great groups of our people seeking peace joined hands in this and other countries The forces for war seemed not to be organized to any appreciable ex tent Despite this however war came The premise of this peace move ment of course was that if enough people could be made to hate war and throw their influ ence against war there would be no war That sounds logical it just didnt work out War came PERHAPS therefore it would be in order to reexamine our whole line of thinking on this subject If in our newly organized effort to achieve a lasting peace we are making use of a prescrip tion which has proved itself a failure it is well that we know it Some extremely helpful think ing along this line is contained in a little booklet recently issued by the Public Affairs Committee under the title of War and Hu man Nature Its author is Syl vanus M a distinguished psychologist In his review of the peace pro gram between the wars he points out that 8 peace organizations in our own country had annual bud gets ranging from to with total expenditures running into the millions MR DUVALL recalls that most of the techniques and devices assumed to carry a guarantee of peace were tried out These in cluded demilitarizing Germany disarmament renouncing war as illegal per se in international law setting up an international body to enforce law and order These peace program s writes Mr Duvall did not fail COM1NBED ON PAGE M SUGAR RATION BILL TO TRUMAN VANDENBERG IS FOR UN POWER OVER US AID Proposes Majority Vote Right to Halt Help to Greece and Turkey Washington Van denberg proposed Monday to give the United Nations power by majority vote to halt any American aid congress ap proves for Greece and Turkey At hearings by the senate for eign relations committee on legis lation to authorize of aid he suggested writing in an amendment under which President Truman would be required to halt the aid when and if the United Nations directed him to His suggested amendment reads The president is directed to withdraw any or all aid authorized herein under any of the following circumstances If requested by any gov ernment of Greece or Turkey rep resenting a majority of the people of either such nation If requested by a proced ural vote in the security council or a majority vote in the general as sembly of the United Nations If the president finds that the purposes of the act have been substantially accomplished or are incapable of satisfactory accom plishment Across the capitol the house foreign affairs committee proceed ed with separate hearings Among others it added Rep Crawford de clared the United States should tell the Russians they must disarm or this country will use her atomic bombs and economic power against them Hamilton Fish a former republi can member of congress from New York contended that if the Unit ed States intervenes in Europe it will invite similar intervention in the American hemisphere Fish said President Trumans plans to assist Greece and Turkey is a dangerous departure from our traditional foreign policy and in effect sabotages the Monroe doctrine The Doctrine of Monroe Fish said kept European empires from the young republics of South America for 124 years The Doc trine of Truman puts the American empire on the shores of the Medi terranean in a single day VOTING LIGHT IN MASON CITY Report Less Than Tenth of Votes Cast in 1945 Less than onetenth of the votes cast 2 years ago were reported in a check Monday afternoon at on the balloting in the city elec tion The 8 precincts reported 178 votes cast as compared with 1895 at the same hour in the last city election The voting places and the vote are as follows 1W build ing 23 1W 18 2W 38 2W school 17 3W hall 32 3W school 5 4W R garage 28 4W Iowa Farm store 706 S Federal 17 Light as it was the vote com pared with 20 cast by the entire city in the primaries all day Feb 24 There were no candidates in the primary and only the incum bents were nominated for the general election The polls remain open until 8 p m in all 8 precincts Man Fatally Injured in Traffic Accident Woodbine A Travis 28 of Englewood Colo was fatally injured in a traffic accident Sunday Coroner Harold M Hennesey said Travis who was directing a towing vehicle at the rear of his truck which had broken down was struck by a car driven by Howard E Qualheim 22 Denison The accident occurred on High way 30 north of Woodbine Hen nesey said no inquest was planned POW Camp to Be Airport Clarinda war assets administration has granted the city of Clarinda 294 acres of the former prisoner of war camp here with the stipulation that the ground will be used for an airport The airport is to be financed by a bond issue authorized by the people at the last election and by a federal grant of S53000 Probe Fatal Shooting of North lowan Flynn 20 was being held in jail without charge here Monday following the death of his brother Michael Flynn 17 in a gun mishap about midnight Saturday at the farm home 2J miles southwest of Elmore Minn The incident was being investi gated Monday morning by Sheriff A J Cogley and County Attorney H W Miller who said an inquest would probably be held some time during the day Sheriff Cogley said the shooting occurred late Saturday night after the brothers returned to their farm home near Elmore from Al gona The boys lived with their wid owed mother Mrs Josephine Flynn who continued to operate the farm after the death of her husband several years ago in an automobile accident Three younger Flynn children were in bed when the shooting occurred the officers said Dr R A Evans coroner said the bullet struck Michael in the chest and he died almost at once No arrangements had been made for the funeral Monday morning Another son in the family was the victim of a drowning accident some years ago Perfect Catch New York up just in time Henry A Whitfield 36 yearold photographer made a perfect catch when a mother pan icked by a tenement fire dropped her 17monthold baby from a 3rdfloor fire escape From his 6th floor apartment across the street Whitfield saw smoke and flames coming from the 2nd floor of the tenement Sunday and saw the mother acting ex citedly Hold it Hold it Whitfield yelled then ran down 6 flights of steps to the street and caught the baby Sheila petterson on the run She was not harmed Mrs Mattie Petterson 27 the mother told firemen the smoke and flames terrified her Senate Group ApprovesRent Control Bill Washington IP Legislation continuing rent controls through Feb 29 1948 without a blanket in crease in rents was approved un animously Monday by the senate banking committee The bill provides for 1 Establishment of 5man local advisory boards in each rental area with authority to recommend decontrol or rent increases on an area basis 2 Transfer of the rent program from OPA to housing expediter Frank Creedon Unless reversed by Creedon recommendations sub mitted by local boards would go into effect automatically after 30 days 3 Decontrol of new housing dwellings rented for the first time houses renting for more than a month and hotels and motor courts 4 Authority for individual states to set up their own rent control programs as soon as adequate ac tion had been taken by state legis latures 5 Evictions on nuisance grounds under state or local law rather than OPA regulations Chairman Tobey RN told reporters that the committee re jected on a voice vote a motion by Senator Bricker to au thorize a general 10 per cent rent increase Man 75 Is Killed in TruckTrain Collision Storm Lake M Bel lows 75 was killed Monday in a trucktrain collision at the Illinois Central crossing here Bellows garbage collection truck was swept 2 block along the tracks by an eastbound pass enger train SAME fBliek rlar means traffic deaUi ID past 24 fannr period AP Wirephoto NORTH IOWAN KILLED IN AIR is the wreckage of the plane in which Harold Amman 28 of Iowa Falls was killed Sunday morning when the craft crashed miles east of Iowa Falls Fred Meyer an uncle of Amman said the crash occurred after Amman had buzzed the Meyer home Meyer said the wing of the plane struck the ground and left a trail about 100 feet long The plane a new 140 Cessnatype craft had been rented by Amman from the Emmert Flying service of Eldora Mason City Amputee Killed in Minnesota Car Collision Brother Wife of Vet Suffer Minor Injuries Minnesota Man Killed Funeral services for Francis D Nugent 28 of 730 16th N E who died about p m Saturday as the result of injuries received in an automobile accident about 10J miles south of Albert Lea Minn will be heldat a m Wednesday at St Josephs Cath olic church with Father P J Behan officiating The Rosary will be said at the Meyer funeral home at 8 p m Monday and Tuesday Burial will be at St Josephs cemetery Mr Nugent died in the wreck age of a car he received from the U S government as an amputee He had survived many months of action in Africa Sicily and Italy imprisonment by the Germans for 6 months and the loss of a leg The crash in which he was killed occurred as he was driving north on highway 65 In the car with him were his wife Betty their 1J year old daughter Judy and Nugents brother Albert 47 all of Mason City The Nugent car was sideswiped by 1 driven by Erling Reierson 34 Rochester Minn as he attempted to pass another southbound car according to Freeborn County Deputy Sheriff Carl Lindahl Reierson also was killed in the accident Lindahl said the other car was driven by Francis Thompson Northwood farmer Mrs Nugent and Albert Nugent both were injured and taken to Naeve hospital Albert Lea The baby was unhurt The 2 adults were not dangerously hurt and were brought to Mercy hospital Mason City by ambulance Albert was reported to have suffered 3 broken ribs and cuts about the face and head They were report ed improving Monday Both cars were a total wreck according to Sheriff Lindahl Nugent received his new Olds mobile last Dec 4 as part of the governments compensation to him for loss of his left leg below the knee Mr Nugent is survived by an other brother Raymond 315 10th N E and 6 sisters Miss Evelyn Nugent and Mrs Leon De Rock both of Mason City Mrs Gaylord DeBuhr Rockford and Mrs Wil liam Bender Mrs Joseph Kroe and Mrs Louis Kroc all of Austin Minn Keiersons body was still at the Bonnerup funeral home in Albert Lea Reierson formerly lived at Kensett and funeral Cervices will be held there it was stated He is survived by his wife and his mother Mrs Sophia Reierson Kensett Nugent entered the army in October 1942 He was taken pri soner in Italy Dec 15 1943 and held by the Germans until his repatriation on the Gripsholm in June 1944 He spent some time in Percy Jones hospital Battle Creek Mich before being re leased from service He had been employed since returning home in the office of the Mason City Brick and Tile company He was a member of the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars He was born Aug 11 1918 in Mason City and had resided here throughout his lifetime except for the time he was in service He was married to Betty Jane Muhlstein June 6 1942 Urges Union Merger Des Moines Matt son Chicago regional director of the United Automobile Workers CIO Sunday told a state CIO educational meeting that labor to be effective must speak to gether He said the time has come when the CIO and AFL must work together whether we like it or not FRANCIS D NUGENT Student Enters Plea of Innocent in Sleeping Powder Death Case Davenport J Pe troci 24 of Pittsburgh Pa a chiropractic student who was ar raigned before Police Magistrate John J McSwiggin Monday pleaded innocent to a first degree murder charge in the death of Edward L Purse 62 his landlord The case was continued until April 15 Petroci is charged with prepar ing an overdose of sleeping powders in a bottle of rnilk which Purse drank while the student was at school Friday March 21 Purses death had been recorded as suicide until his attorney Magtin McCarthy told authorities of attempts to have him change his will leaving his estate valued at to Petroci The will was not changed Weather Report FORECAST Mason Citjs Showers Monday night followed by clearing late Tuesday No decided change in temperature Low Monday night 3438 Iowa Showers continuing east and central portions Monday night and in southeast and extreme east portion Tuesday Clearing west portion Tuesday Not much change in temperature Low Monday night 34 north to 40 south high Tuesday 48 to 50 Minnesota Fair north occasional rain south portion Monday night with a narrow belt of light snow along northern edge of rain area Partly cloudy Tuesday with light snow north west portion by Tuesday eve ning not much change in tem perature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 35 Minimum 32 At 8 a rn Monday 34 Precipitation 08 Snow 2J inches YEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 35 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 34 Minimum 20 At 8 a m Sunday 29 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 43 WOMAN DIES IN AUTO ACCIDENT Wheel Comes Off Auto Which Takes to Ditch Lake rites were pending Monday for Mrs Harry Talle Worth county farm wife who died on her way home from Lake Mills Saturday night when the car in which she was riding lost a front wheel according to Sheriff Carl M Sheimo Elmer Hanson Lake Mills was taking Mrs Talle home the sher iff said when the wheel came off and the car crashed into the ditch Hanson was unhurt but the coro ner reported that Mrs Talle died ol internal hemorrhages Mrs Tall leaves her husband and 2 children Milo and Colleen The accident happened in Worth county 5 miles east and 1J miles north of Lake Mills the first high way fatality in the county in 1947 Offers Bill to Head Off Phone Strike Washington IP Legislation aimed at heading off the threat ened nationwide telephone strike April 7 was introduced Monday by Rep Hartley RN chair man of the house labor commit tee The bill would permit the at orncy general to obtain an in unction to block a strike It also irovidcs for conciliation for a 30 day period after an injunction is issued by any federal judge The labor committee will start consideration of the legislation Tuesday The National Federation of Tel ephone Workers and 39 affiliated unions have voted the strike to back up demands for wage in creases and other concessions from the Bell Telephone System While general in its application Lo any dispute involving the pub ic health safety or interest Hart leys bill is designed primarily to cover the telephone case It limits the beginning of court actions that may result from it to next July 31 Only 1 Day to Be Lost in Coal Walkout By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Production in the nations bi tuminous coal pits was virtually normal last day be fore a 6day work stoppage by 400000 AFLUnited Mine Work ers in mourning for the dead in the Centralia 111 mine explosion Industry accepted the prospec tive curtailment of fuel supplies calmly Normally such a stop page would cost 10 to 12 million tons in coal production but the mourning period ordered by Mine Union President John L Lewis falls in a week in which much idleness would have occurred any way The work stoppage comes In Easter week which this year in cludes the traditional miners April 1 holiday Few miners work on Holy Thursday or Good Friday Saturday is an optional work day for which receive premium pay Thus Wednesday will be the only full production day lost The rich Pennsylvania bitumin ous fields reported normal pro duction and the West Virginia fields most productive in the na tion reported no premature ab senteeism At Centralia 111 a black Mon day of mourning was proclaimed as Centralia and 4 nearby com munities resumed burial services for their 111 victims of the worst mine disaster since 1928 CONTRACT ENDS MIDNIGHT Union President Sees Walkout on April 7 New York contract between the American Telephone and Telegraph company and its 20000 long lines employes in 42 states expires at midnight Mon day night and the union president says it looks very much as though wed walk out at 6 a m April 7 as planned John J Moran president of the American Union of Telephone Workers said a meeting with company negotiators Sunday night ended in a stale mate on both sides The AUTW is a key affiliate of the National Federation of Tele phone Workers which has threat ened a nationwide walkout April 7 and Moran said that despite the contract termination Monday night he expected no action by his union until the April 7 date Examinations Find Neck Pains Caused by Tight Collars Medford Ore Stennerson local lumberman was relieved Monday Doctors at the Mayo clinic in Rochester Minn decided after a week of examination that chronic pains in his neck were the fault of his haberdasher Their diagnosis said his shirt collars were too tight MARSHALL HITS BIG 4 DISPUTES Sees No Agreements on Basis of Ultimatums Moscow United States and Britain attacked soviet pro posals for Germany in the for eign ministers council Monday and the session found Russian Foreign Minister V M Molotov expressing hope that differences among the delegations could be reconciled The soviet minister was re ported subdued U S Secretary of State Mar shall criticized both Russia and France before the council saying We can never reach real agree ment on the basis of an ultimatum or immovable positions It was his most aggressive speech in the council to date British Foreign Secretary Ern est Bevin proposed the unification of Germany on July 1 1947 un der someconditions which the Russians have previously opposed We regret said Marshall that the soviet delegation found it ne cessary to state the acceptance ol reparations from current pro duction is an absolute condition of the soviet delegations accept ance of the principle of economic unity The Potsdam agreement for economic unity was not condi tioned upon the acceptance of reparations from current pro duction The U S categorically rejects the imposition of such a condition It looks very much to us as though the Soviet Union is trying to sell the same horse twice SENATE HOUSE PASS MEASURE FOB EXTENSION Bill Stipulates Each Person Shall Have 20 Pounds in 7 Months Washington IP The senate completed action Monday on com promise legislation continuing sugar allocation and price control until next Oct 31 The measure now goes to the white house The controls would have ex pired at midniKht Monday night if congress had not acted The house earlier had approved the measure The bill stipulates that each person shall have a ration at least 20 pounds of sugar in the next 7 months This is at the rate ol a 35 pound yearly ration or 10 pounds more than last years ration Under the compromise the OPA is stripped of further administra tion the controls and the pow er transferred to the department of agriculture The bill also sets aside 50000 tons of sugar for new industrial users and continues inventory controls except over household consumers until March 31 1948 Rep Wolcott chair man of the banking committee told the house continuation of the sugar controls is necessary to pro tect supplies for the housewife The controls were extended for only V months over vigorous pro tests of some lawmakers President Truman loses at mid night the biggest single grant of power handed over to the white house during the unlim ited authority to ration and parcel out scarce materials However congress stamped its final approval during the day on one measure and debated another to sabotage a vestige of the 2nd war powers act The bulk of that measure dies at midnight along with the 63 year old draft law From Monday midnight on the nations youths will make up their oum minds on whether they want to be soldiers The selective service system vhich during its time inspired greetings from the president to 10022357 men ceases to exist ex cept as a recordkeeping agency at midnight Monday night In addition to sugar rationing the new bills also provide for an emergency extension until June 30 only of allocation pro grams over tin antimony railroad freight cars tractors built for ex port manila and agave cordage and fiber the drug streptomycin and cinchona bark plus limited controls in foreign trade Upon signing them the presi dent will abandon his authority to place any other materials under priorities rationing or allocation even in the event of a new na tional crisis arising from strikes disasters or a revived threat of Former Commander of Litchfield Taken Off Army Promotion List Washington resident Truman Monday deleted the name Of Lt Col James A Kilian former commander of the Litchfield re placement depot from an army promotion list Kilians name was included orig inally in a list of 683 lieutenant colonels submitted to the white house by the war department for promotion to the rank of full colo nel The president removed Kil ians name before sending the list to the senate for action Kilian was convicted by court martial of permitting cruel pun ishment of enlisted men detained at Litchfield in England during the war The sentence was handed down August 29 1946 and the case is now pending on appeal Kilian was sentenced to be rep rimanded and to pay a fine of Doctors Long at It Littleton N II New Hampshire country doctors have been practicing a total of 104 years They are Dr John M Page 75 of Littleton with 54 years practice and Dr Hiram L John son 75 of Franconia with 50 years NOMINATE ENVOY TO YUGOSLAVIA Cannon of Utah Picked by Truman for Position Washington resident Truman Monday named Caven dish W Cannon of Utah to be am bassador to Yugoslavia Cannons name was sent to the senate along with the nominations of 6 other ambassadors including Stanton Griffis of Connecticut to succeed Arthur Bliss Lane as am bassador to Poland Selection of Griffis previously had been an nounced Cannon now a foreign service officer succeeds Richard C Pat terson as envoy to Belgrade The other nominations included that of John C Wiley of Indiana now ambassador to Colombia to be ambassador to Portugal I he nominations were handed the white house without ou The it at comment by the office of Presi dential Secretary Charles G Ross Iowa Senate Approves President Term Limit Des Moines Iowa sen ate Monday adopted and sent to the house a joint resolution to ratify the proposed U S consti tutional amendment limiting fu ture presidents to 2 terms The vote was 45 to 3 Two mem bers were absent The 3 negative votes were cast by Senators A E Augustine Os kaloosa Le Roy Mercer Iowa City and Robert Reilly Dubuque All 3 are democrats The 4th democrat in the senate Tunis Klein of Pclla joined the GOP majority in supporting the resolution ;