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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OES M01NE5 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCII 31 1941 This Paper Consists of On NO 151 Yank Warships Attack Powerful Nippon Naval Base on Palau Island JAP BOOTS U S SHIPS AND MAKE RETREAT American Sea Assault Continuing Only 600 Miles From Philippines U S Pacific Fleet Headquarters Pearl Harbor defi ance within COO statute miles of the Philippines masses of Ameri can warships opened thc wars first atlack Wednesday on the powerful Japanese naval base ol Palau and Nipponese naval units there forewarned by planes ol the armadas approach descried the area in flight Our attacks continue an nounced Adm Chester IV Nimitz in phraseology recallingfirst dis closure of the overwhelming 2 day carrier plane strike Feb 16 17 on Truk 1175 miles easl of Palau It seemed likely lhat this deep est penetration on the road back to Ihe Philippines was made bj aircraft carrier task forces at least equal in size to those which dealt such heavy plane and naval losses lo Japan at Truk and a few days later ripped apart thc air defenses of Saipan Tinian and Guam in the Marianas Admiral Nimitz communique Thursday stated that strong Pacific fleet forces at dawn Wednesday 29th of March west longitude U S date in itiated attacks on Japaneseheld Palau islands His announcement of the Truk attack was in similar vein leav ingthe presumption that the Palau Sassault was undertaken by hiin dreds of carrier planes many of them believed operating from new large aircraft carriers Palau is 1175 miles west of Truk The fact that Japanese warships at Palau at the west end of thc Carolines were observed flee ing the area before our units could reach attack positions plainly indicated thc attacking armadas impressive size At Truk in the Marianas and now at Palau the United States navy has moved boldly afar from home bases into long fortified nests of thc enemy fairly spoiling for a fight with Japans elusive fleet Admiral Nimitz said that Nip ponese search planes from New Guinea helped spot the task forces approach which may be taken to mean the navy swim south of the Carolines to get a Palau That would put thc task forces in waters adjacent to the southsouthwest Pacific commanc of Gen Douglas MacArthur In fact there was strong sug gestion that the air arms of Mac Arthur and Nimitz acted in co ordination to shatter possible enemy plane interference along the route to Palau Tuesday United States time southwest Pa cific bombers of MacArthur mad Jap Fleet Again Chooses to Run By Jfe KKUEGER Associated Press War Editor A formidable segment of the ivorlds most powerful navy sailed audaciously and invitingly pasl Japans fortress of Truk 2 days ago to sandbag Palau another enemy bastion within COO miles of the conquered Philippines Palau is 1175 land miles wcsl of Trufc The Japanese fleel thus virtual ly invited to come out aiid fight against this invasion deep into its Pacific empire chose to run Warn ed of the American armadas ap proach it fled The Palau attack overshadowed other Pacific war developments which included a double altack on Truk itself by heavy American REDS MOVE OP TO CARPATHIAN MOUNTAIN LINE Press Forward Toward Hungary and Rumania Smashing Nazi Defense Reds Take Jap Leases on Sakhalin Moscow Japanese gov ernment received Friday a stag gering blow from the west when Ihe soviet government announced it had signed a protocol under which Tokyo agreed to surrender her oil and coal leases on northern Sakhalin island in the Pacific The Russians contracted to fur nish Japan with 50000 tons of oil a year for 5 years beginning after Ihe war Russia agreed o pay Japan 5000000 rubles about and to allow Japan free export of stored oil and coal in the con cession territory Japan agreed lo hand over to Russia all property belonging to Japanese concession aires including oil wells other equipment material and food Japan owns the southern half of Sakhalin island and Russia owns Ihe north half Thc oil and coal leases originally ran until 1970 Only Thursday night the Rus sians announced renewal of an Moscow across thc agreement granting Japan fishing privileges in far eastern waters for more years The fisheries pact RAF Loses 96 Bombers in Big Nuernberg Raid northern Prut river through cap tured Czernowitz Marshal Gregory K Zlmkovs first Ukranian army is moving up into bombers For the first time Gen 1 the Carpathian mountains toward Douglas MacArthurs landbased fourengine bombers laid their ex plosives on the choice targets in the Truk group They struck last Tuesday U S destroying 49 planes on the ground and 5 to 20 ill the air Then on Wednesday night liberators from the central Pacific 7th air force under Admiral Nimitz followed up with a second heavy blow In addition southwest Pa cific bombers also under MacAr thurs command attacked Wolcai u atoll 150 miles west of Truk General MatArthurs heuclquar crs pointed out that the raids plainly proved that henceforth coralgirt Truk was within range of his big bombers based in tile oulh Pacific Palau has been called Japans Singapore It was built to with stand a siege imd is administrative headquarters for the 1500 islands of the Caroline group their first appearance in the Car olines hitting Woleai about mid ivay between Palau andTruk Tuesday U S east longitude on MacArthur belt time south Pacific bombers dealt a devastating blow at Truks ail strength Then on Wednesday night after the Palau atlack had opened central Pacific liberators of the 7th nilforce gave Truk a going over The scores of small islands making up Palau have been trans formed into Japans Singapore since they the rest of Ihe Caro lines and all of he Marshalls w ere laken over by Japan from her present axis partner Germany in 1914 The town ot Korkor to thc south Palaus biggest island of Babclthuap is the enemys ad ministrative center for the 1500 Caroline islands Palaus south ernmost island Anguar is one huge phosphate mine 8 square miles in area and its phosphates are shipped to Japan for muni lions making It is known lo have shipped 60000 tons as far back as 1934 In prewar clays Japan ob tained about one fifth of her phos phate consumption from this is land Palau has 2 anchorages Schon ian and Malakal harbors each of which is believed to have but one narrow entrance Thc anchorages are protected on the wcsl by coral reefs Hungary and Rumania dispatches rom the front declared Friday Zhukovs vanguards rolled through Delatyn 15 miles north of the Hungarian border where the pass of the Tartars leads through the Carpathians into former CzechoSlovakiau territory given lo Hungary when Hitler dismem bered the CzechoSlovnk slate After routing thc German defend ers of Czernawilz Zhukovs troops pushed on south through Storoz liinls 15 miles north of the pres ent Rumanian border a Russian communique said Meanwhile the second Ukrain ian army commanded by Marshal Ivan S Konev remained poised on thc east bank of the Prut where it forms the frontier of Rumania For 5 days Konev has held his forces on the Bessarabian side of the Prut mopping up isolated groups of German and Rumanian troops and has extended the Rus sian domination of the east bank to a distance of 80 miles The border town ot Lipcani 10 miles east of Czcrnowitz was captured during Ihe day dispatches said Most sanguinary fighting of the day as reported by the Russian war bulletin was the annihilation of axis troops trapped in the for ests near Mynkovlsy 28 miles northeast of Kamcnels Podolsk Here 2000 Hitlerites were killed any many prisoners laken Ihe communique said while capture of Kitaigorod all but wiped out thc Kamenets Podolsk pocket through which Germans retreating from the Proskurov sector have been trying to escape Further to the cast Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys 3rd Ukrainian army intensified its pressure on Odessa last Germanheld port in the Ukraine near thc mouth of the Dniester river 240 miles southeast of KamcnetsPodolsk Malinovskys troops were plung ing down across the Ukrainian steppe country from the cast and the north one column marching west from the mouth of the south ern Bug river while another de scended upon the great Black sea port from the Voznesensk area 80 miles to the north renewal is based in the 1941 neu trality treaty under which Russia and Japan have remained at peace The Russians will supply Japan with oil from the Okhinsky fields after the war The soviels prom ised the Japanese free export of oil and coal from storerooms in the concessioned territory in north ern Sakhalin The actual transfer to of the stored oil and coal start within 5 days The agreement was siffncd by Solomon Iozovsky Russian vice commissar for foreign affairs and by Xautake Sato Japanese am bassador It became effective im mediately Pravda said the agree ment was reached after las months discussions The view in London was that Japans surrender of the Sakhalii concessions so far ahead of sched ule constituted strong evidence o Tokyos desire to remain at peace with Russia The islands coal anc oil presumably have contributec heavily to Japanese war econom and London interpreted the pre mature surrender as a sacrifice to avert any dispute with Russia Russian newspapers interpreted the deal as a soviet diplomatic vic tory Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Navy Announces Loss of 1 1 Small Craft in Mediterranean Washington fPi Loss of 1 small navnl craft in the Mediter ranean was announced by the navy dcpartmenl Friday Largest of the losses was the U S S Portent a 700 ton mine sweeper which carried a crew of about 100 men Others were a motor mine sweeper YMS30 a harbor tug the YT198 and 8 land ing craft No details on the sinkings were given in the announcement which said the losses were due to a va riety of causes since Jan 22 Thc 11 losses bring to a total of 15S thc number of naval vessels lost since the war started ROOSEVELT NOT TO SIGN ARMY VOTE MEASURE Considers New Bill Inadequate to Meet Servicemens Needs Washington UR President Roosevelt notified congress Friday hat he would allowthe soldier vole bill to become law without lis signature although it is wholly inadequate to assure servicemen and women a feas blc opportunily to vole In a message to the house Mr Roosevelt also appealed to cun sress to take more adequate ac Lion to protect the political rights of our men and women in the service And he urged the states to make the bill as fully effective as its defective provisions will al low The bill provides for an abbre vialed federal war ballol which may be used only by service per sonnel overseas But it further pro vides that these ballols may be used only if llicy are acceplable to the states and only il the in dividuals certify that they have asked for but have not received regular absentee ballots from then home slates The federal ballol would allow voles only for presi dent vice president senator anc representative The bill will become law a midnight Friday night To permi this congress had to defer its Eas ter vacation which had been scheduled to start Thursday Both houses will hold perfunctory ses sions Saturday If begui their recess before midnight Fri day night the bill would have dice under the pocket veto provision of the constitution It was considered most unlike ly that congress would lake an further action oa solclicr voti legislation as urged by the presi dent The president charged iti hi message that the bill could fair be called nothing more thai a standing invilalion lo the sev eral states to make it practicabl for their citizens to vote Congress in passing Ihc bi placed a certain responsibility 01 each state for action Mr Roosc veil said and those in the armec forces who want to vote but can District Delegates Named at Iowa GOP Convention List of DelcKales on Pace 2 DCS Moincs republicans Friday selected their dele gates 10 the republican national convention in Chicago next June and of thc 16 district delegates chosen the majority said they favored no specific candidate for the denlial nomination Seven dclcgatcsatlarge were be chosen later in thc day by convention as a whole The 16 istrict delegates were selected at iileuses of thc states 8 congres ional from each dis riet A null of district delegates by cwsmcn indicated that the casl njr of Iowas vote at the conven ion Itir a presidential nominee yet to be determined Other own plans such as lack of in truction lo the delegation as to vhom to favor led to the same onclusion None of the district caucuses oted an instruction or indorse ncnt of a presidential candidate Nine of the district delegates laid that they had no choice for iresidcnt yet Two said they fa Wendell L Willkic One was nclincd toward Now York Gov Thomas E Dewey Four could not clocated Those who named iwmcs all indicated that their nds were nut closed on the iresidcntial question Some of the caucuses iasted only few minutes steering commit tees having selected slates at prc caucus sessions Thursday night The caucuses by North Iowa dis tricts Second The slate had been picked in advance by the steering group and there was no debate when the comrritlces report was accepted Third Clarence A Knutson of Clear Lake and John Rath of Water loo were named delegates The choosing of alternate delegates was the only controversy in the 3rd district with other informal caucus recommendations going through unanimously Mrs Daisy Long of Union and MIT Ralph P Stuart of Hampton were elected alternates by a wide margin in a vole COURAGE IN GOP PLAN IS URGED Kelly Speaks at Iowa Republican Session DCS Moiues republi can party this year must nomi nate for president a man in whom the public will have confi dence and draw up instead of a platform a program so cour ageous that it will atlract atlcn plainly written that it can be easily out standing in content as to elimi nate all doubt leadership of this to where the great couiitrv belongs Gov Harry F Kelly of Michigan said Friday Declaring that he was championing the cause of nol aii presidential candidalc Kelly saic in a keynote address prepared foi the Iowa republican convention The decisions made at the Chi cago republican national con ATTACKS MADE N MOONLIGHT PROVE COSTLY Great Concentration of Night Fighters AA Fire Encountered great armada ot RAF bombers numbering proba Jly more than 1000 smashed at he southern German transport and nazi congress cily and other points in he reich Thursday night at a ost of 9G heaiest toll ever taken ol an allied air fleet in single operation The bomber command appar ently had gambled on thc waning striking power of the luftwaffc to make its first moonlight atlack in several months only to run into he greatest concentration of night Fighters of thc war under condi tions ideal for interception Unprotected by shields of es corting lighters such as guard American daylight formations and only lightly armed the big Brit ish bombers fell easy prey to nazi night fighter pilots and antiair craft Air Training at 4 Colleges Will End Washington Guy M Gillette said Friday the war department had advised him that the air crew7 training pro grams would be discontinued by Tune 30 at the following Iowa col eges Coc Cedar Rapids Iowa Stale Teachers Cedar Falls Morn ngside Sioux Cily and Drake university Des Moines understand that th congress itself shares the respor sibility through the complexitie of this bill This bill is hi my judgment he said wholly inadequate lo in sure to servicemen and women as far as is practically feasible the same opportunity which hey would have to vote if they were at home Because of the confusing pro visions of the bill and because of Graven Sworn In at Cedar Rapids Ceremony Ccdar Rapids N raven of Clear Lake was sworn i Thursday as United States judge for the northern district of Iowa succeeding George Scott of Sioux City who retired last year Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer Friday night and Sat urday Low temperatures in Mason City 30 Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy and warmer Friday night and Sat urday Minnesota Cloudy extreme south and occasional light rain or snow central and north por tions Friday night and Satur day Warmer Friday night and south portion Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Thursday 32 Minimum Thursday 17 At C a m Friday ID YEAH AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 46 the difficulty of knowing jusi what will be the practical effect j of Ihe bill in opera lion it is imi possible for me to determine whether in fact more servicemen and women will be able to vote under the new measure than un der cxistiing law That dcterminalion will large ly depend upon Ihe extent to which the states cooperate to make the measure as effective its jrovisions permit In view of this siluation 1 have resolved the doubt in favor of Ihc action laken by thc congress and am permiting Ihe bill to become law without my approval Xo slate or federal red tanc should take from our young folk in the service Iheir riKhl lo vole Mr Roosevelt said in appealing further for individual slate ac tion to authorize thc use nf fed eral ballots He asked congress lo enact an amendment lo Ihc bill lo author ize members of the armed forces who have nol received iiieir state ballots by a certain lime wheth er or not they have formally ap plied for them to use the federal ballot without prior express au thorization by the states If the stales do nol accept thc federal ballol that will be their responsibility he said Under this bill that responsibility is shared by the congress Our boys on Ihc balllcfronls must not be denied an ity to vole simply because they arc away from home They are ai the front fighting with their lives to defend our righls and our free doms We must assure them their rights and freedoms at home PO that they will have a fair share in determining thc kind ol lite to which they will return I L Mac Banks of Montour 3B Sixth James B Anderson of Forest City withdrew as a delegate can didate in favor of Mrs R R Roberts of Britt president of Ihe Iowa Council of Republican Womens clubs Dudley Weibic Forest Cily who announced Andersons with drawal said it was done because there appeared to be no prospect of winning Mrs Roberts election as a delegatcatlargc It had been reported that the 6th district would name Mrs Roberts as a district delegate in an effort to clear the way for Mrs Gertrude Wilharm of Sumner to go as the woman dcicgalcatlargc Judge Divighl G Rider of Forl DoilKc named by the state central committee to he temporary chair man of the convention asserted the United Stales xvhich we love is at this very moment attacked iiy enemies nol only from without but from wilhin Those from without seek to change our form of government by force of arms The answer of the American people to thai attack has been and is being written in our united front on the farflung battlefields on the high seas and on thc home front of factory field and home Rider said Those from wilhin seek to change our form of government by belittling our American instilu lions our mode of life our syslcm of free enterprise our congress which represents us our courts and our local governments and lo leave but a shell of our American way of life for oursoris and daugh lers when they return from Ihe far corners of Ihe world The an venlion will not be the decision1 of a few master strategists bu will be thc decisions of the dele gates led by men who give thi party a new conception of serv ice Governor Kelly then outlined points he said the party couli and must carry out They were 1 We can and must immedi ately put the most able ot ou leaders to work on Ihe problem confronting the nation to the en that the republican party wi have a complete and constructiv program for presentation to the voters 2 We can promise the rees tablishment of competitive free enterprise and give business as surance thai it can resume its place in our nations economy 1 We can pledge ourselves lo reunite thc people lo pul an end to the fomented hatreds which have separated brother f r o m brother the employer from the employe the black from the white the gentile from thc Jew The republican party thc Mich igan executive asserted is rich in new strong resourceful lead ership lhat will battle for the best gun crews who could sil them against the moonlit of republican ism Within our ranks are 2G re publican governors and many other republican leaders who live close lo Ihe people who know their views and desires and who have their confidence They can and will give to thc party a new vitalily In speaking here I am not es pousing the cause of any candi date for president Kelly said My concern at the moment is that we select as delegates to the national convention men a n c women of thc highest republican ideals and whose intercsl in then state and their nation transcends their inlcrcsl in any individual or group This year of all years we musl choose wisely and well We will be called upon to make our de cision in one of the fateful periods of our history We must have as our presiden tial candidate the man who in our composite judgment is the best qualified the most capable of houel sky The record loss was announced just as the entire German net work with the exception ol Vienna in old Austria shut down Friday morning shortly after the warn ing that enemy planes are ap proaching The first German warnings said the daylight raiders were over HessenNassau provinve in Prus sia in which Frankfurt is situated The RAfs announced teM which contrasted to German claims of having inflicted the greatest defeat of the war on the British air force with the shoot US duwn of 132 bomb ers was incurred in the 17th heavy lombcr operation in March by the British sky fled The big attack force which probably was one of the largest ever sent out the daylight raiders reaking over the rcich and a huge fleet largest group of heavy bombers ever to strike a target from the Mediterranean which raided Sofia in Bulgaria Thurs day wound up the biggest month yet in the European air war The attack in mopnlight on Nuernberg was the 9th of the war on that city It was carried out while British intruders ranged over the conlinciit shooting up air fields in France the low countries and Germany itself and while a small force of German raiders was Riving London its first alert in 3 nijthls The official description of the Nuernberg raid as in very great strength suggested that in the meeling the stupendous problems Inc occasuMis when neighborhood of 2240 short tons of bombs had fallen on the city where 108 acres of the builtup area had been clcvaslalcd by pre vious blows The cily is one of Ihc most im portant railway and induslrial centers of southern Germany It is the junction of railway lines leading from the Ruhr lo south east Germany and from Berlin to Munich and Italy The record loss suffered by the KAF xvhich the Germans attrib uted to their fighters rather than to their ground defenses demon strated that licichsmarshal Gocr air force still has a potent it i r i mi inu ittviijiii which confront us We must keep cms h k uppermost m our minds that in t the next 4 years this nation will encounter its most exacting tests since the Civil war and that our interest as citizens of the United States our concern tlml this mighty citadel of democracy nnci freedom shall not transcends all other intcrcs j swcr to that attack will be written in Ihc ballots of Ihe American people next November I am fully Rider con tinued of thc cry that is raised against anyone who seeks to speak against the administration in Washington I know full well lhat he is charged with being R traitor to his country andwith seeking lo divide it in time of war But I say j to you my fellow Americans that lo speak before before Ihis club of crilicism shall have been used to bludgeon the people of Ihis country into a condition of bank ruptcy peonage and serfdom I went forth in 1D17 to defend my country and in answer to those atteronts thc jmc as come opportun u L oo atc m It served as n reminder of the statement of Air Minister Sir Archibald Sinclair only this week that thc German fighter force is massed in western Europe and has many vicious battles in its system yel j While the loss was far above 1 anything thc RAF previously had previous lop loss was 70 in the raid on Leipzig on Feb was still farther be yond thc record American loss ot 68 in Ihc daylight raid on Berlin Thc dclegalcs from Cerro Gnrdo on March 6 it failed lo compare Delegation Sent by Cerro Gordo county arc M A Arncson E R Boyle Ira Jones Clarence Knutson Dr C Kruegcr E B Slillman Mrs K E Haydcn Clear Lake Dr 1 C Kaiser Rockwell and C E Bur rets H J Bryant Allan F Beck Mrs Stella Bisgrovc E W Clark Mrs Clara Cool Chcl Dawson the Rev J M Eaves Mrs Glenn Gil bert Earl Hall J W Irons Ralph Lloyd Jones Ralph Kclso Herman Knudson Mrs ilanford MacNidcr J P McGuire W II Nicholas Hal Slurgcs M C Law son Strickland Mrs Hugh numcrically with thc 185 which thc Germans lost in Ihcir biggest day over Britain on Scpl 15 1940 One Way to Get Draft Deferment New York way to gel a temporary draft deferment quadruplets in thc fam HarpZarief radio violinist whose quads arrived Wednesday said that 2 months ago his draft board deferred him when he told Ihc members Xray piclures showed his wife could expect a foursome P S Hes back in IA now Buy War Savings Rontl SUmps from your GtohcGazcttc carrier hoj who criticize me I say The cic H Shcpard B C Way Virgil fcnsc of our American government Warren B A Webster Henry i ts jusi as vital now as il was then Wormhoudt Hush Gilmorc J ii Four more years nf Hie present i Robertson Amandn Dills Earl and administration and there will be Smith Ora Baylcss Vera Finlcy liny War Savinss Ronrfs nothing left to save If this be j Boyd Walters and C F Hilts Stamps from your GlobcGs treason make the most of it Mason City 1 carrier boy ;