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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME e s HIST ueu a AR r VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES AM Atmwm Capture of Aqueduct Caused Fall EDITORS NOTE This is another of a scries of articles written by Earl Hall Ulason Lity GlobeGazette managing editor in tlie course of a tour through South America as one of u party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace Number is By EARL HALL ON THE S S ST LUCIA IN Whether it was recognized at tne time or not the world had ample demonstration some hundred years ago what happens t o a n a I i on which permits one phase of its defenses to lat I beheld the evidence this afternoon in the crumbled walls of Chan Chrn some 20 miles n o i1 h of this Peruvian port city Chan C h a n was once the proud capital of Chimu kingdom EARL HALL which extended over 20 valleys from the Bay of Guayaquil Ecua dor on the north to Nazca on the south covering an area of about 10000 square miles Tributes from all parts of the realm built an adobe city here of amazing char acter and dimensions A system of irrigation was de veloped centuries ago which con verted the desert coastland here abouts into n veritable garden supporting perhaps 10 times as many humans as now live in the same area Chan Chan itself be came a city of importance with cathedrals schools jails water system and protective wall 50 feet high and 700 feet long designed to make the city impregnable But there was one vital short coming in the defenses The aaueduct carrying the com munitys water supply from the distant mountains was not ade quatcly safeguarded Inca war riors conquered the city and put into eclipse their superior neigh burs the Chimu Indians Iiy rutting off the watcisupply Today row upon row of crum bling walls some 25 or 30 feet high but more them reduced to dust Jell the story of a civiliza tion which may have had its bc ginmiiK as much as 5000 years ago Estimates are many and varied on this point Nobody knows Asone enters the ruined pre Inca city the impression is one of confusion but from a position on one ot the loftier walls one senses an amazing orderliness of On the wall of one building presumably the hair of worship are extensive remnants of bas vc hefs with which the ancient artists adorned their buildings countless centuries ago Nearby ore the re mains of two rectangular eleva tions believed to have been used for sacrificial altars But the thing which has told I most about Iho preInea civilizutinn has been their huge burial mounds called huacas built in terraces with passages leading lo underground s t o r e r o o m s and burial chambers Buried with the Chimus in proportion to their individual importance or wealth were art pieces reflective of the time and rich stores of precious stones and metals From these the history of the ancient South civilization has been Xccd together It was about a century before Christopher Columbus Inndin in the West Indies that the warlike Incas conquered Chan Chan and scaled the Chimu tribes doom They more or less took over the city as they found it It remained for the Spanish conquerors to com bine looting with destruction fo cusing attention on the burial grounds with their precious con tents From a single huaca1 the Span iards removed gold worth more than three million dollars In all the gold loot amounted to some 515000000 which in those days wasnt to be confused with hay But more important by far than the gold from the standpoint of throNving light on tho civilization of Chan Chan were Ihe pieces oC ceremonial pottery vessels with designs picturing the life of the times Excavations within the past 20 years have brought to light thous ands of these pieces of pottery in an amazing state of preservation Even the gloss and color are pre served The Spanish conquerors seem somehow to have missed them or perhaps they were look ins only for gold i These thousands of relics arc now dLplaycd in a great mucum I nn the hacienda of Don Rafael i Larco Herrern which will be our1 next stop in this scries of letters THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH MASON CITY i THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TIVO SECTIONS SECTION ONE U S SEIZES 70 SHIPS IN PORTS Believe 1500 BRITISHREPQRT FASCISTS LOST Italian Losses Heavy STATE COLLEGE FIVE WARSHIPS Over 1000 of Duces Men Reported Rescued After Big Sea Battle By THK ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON Five fascist war possibly two were sunk by British naval forces in a great weekend sea biitlle in Ihe eastern Mediterranean and more than 1000 Italian survivors have been picked up the admiral ty declared Monday About 1500 Italian seamen were believed to have perished since the normal complement of the vessels the British saiil were destroyed was about 2500 Except for attacks by German divebombers a communique said 200 or 300 more could have been rescued during the engagement biggest of the which the British also claimed serious dam age was inflicted on an Italian Jrolions Admit Loss of Five Warships ROME acknowledged Monday that British warships sank three cruisers and two de stroyers in a hard naval battle in the Mediterranean but declared that n heavy British cruiser was sunk by a broadside from an Ital ian warship Two other British warships were listed as seriously damaged The high command said Britains losses still were not wholly determined and might have been battleship of the 35000ton Lit torio class by aerial lorpedoes Athens dispatches said surviv ors of ihe three destroyed crud er the 10000ton sister ships Fiuinc Pola and Zara had been landed at Piraeus port of Athens along with men from a destroyer which the British have not claimed The admiralty said flic de stroyers Vincenzo Gioberto and Maestrale were sunk alone with the three cruisers that a third destroyer was a vic tim and that the 5069ton cruiser Giovanni Dcle Bande Ncre possibly had been sent to lie bottom The destroyer in the Athens re ports was given as the Alfiera which is not listed in recent au thoritative naval manuals There is a Vittorio Alfieri however and naval officers said this might be the one meant Naval officials unhesitatingly called the action in which Greek naval forces participated the royil navys outstanding success oi the war Two British planes are missing a result of the action against the fascists in Ionian waters off Greece between the islands oi Sicily and Crete and two German dive bombers were shot down the admiralty said Severe losses were inflicted on the enemy the admiraltys third communique on the en counter asserted but no dam age or casualties have been re ceived by any of our ships Britons believed the latest blow at the fascist fleet lefl Italy only perhaps battleships of eight at the start of the war and 13 ot the 19 cruiscii she had Two battleships under construction may have been launched since Italy entered the war they said Three Italian bat tleships were said to have been damaged in the Nov II raid on Taranto Mediation STRUCTURE 1 KM RUMS Italian cruisers arc pictured above The British claimed and the Italians admitted that three fascist cruisers and two fasdst destroy crs were destroyed in the weekend battle Nazi Nationals Stream From Jugoslavia Hint Ultimatum Berlin Says Germans Shovved Unexampled Patience With Serbs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Germany Monday sounded a warning to Jugoslavia over the vagueness7 of that Balkan king dom s position since 17 year old King Peter II overthrew his pro axis government by a military coup detat last week A German source in Belgrade the Jugoslav capital said the rcich intended to wait only until the hist of its 16000 to 20000 nationals had left the country before serving an ultimatum The ultimatum it was said would carry a short timelimit de manding the demobilization of the Jugoslav army now estimated at 1200000 men under arms Failure to demobolize would precipitate immediate hostilities the source said Midnight Mondav nishl wit re ported to be the deadline lor all German nationals t leave the kingdom The secretary of the German le gation in Belgrade said German Minister Viktor von Hccren was leaving for Berlin Simultaneously the Jugoslav minister lo Berlin arrived suddenly in Belgrade The naxi secretary declared that Ihe situation al noon Monday was desperate and practically hope iess Authorized quarters in Berlin said Germany had shown un exampled patience in de termining the facts regarding Jugoslavia but that the Balkan nation must realize there can be an end to this magnanimity Thcse sources declared At a time when martial events arc on the march the rcich can shortly 2 oclock Mondayas ay Mason City decided on the fiv men vho are to constitute he city council for the next three years Lightest vote was in the second precinct of the fourth ward the southwest part of the city where the five judges cast exactly half the votes in the boxes at 2 oclock The 197 total compared wilh 1 156 at the same hour two vears aso when a Peoples ticket of three candidates and one indepen dent candidate opposed the three incumbenls The entire council is running for reelection this year Three of the members terms do not expire un til next year however Tho in cumbents are Mayor Arleigh 1 Marshall and Councihnen Ray E Pajiloy H C Brown Carl Grupp and John Gallagher The polls close at 8 oclock after which the judges start the count of the votes The vote by precincts as tabu lated between and 2 p m with the comparative vote two years ago was as follows IKEC 19 ti llIW LIGHT VOTE IS INDICATED But 10 Votes Including 5 of judges Cast in One Precinct by 2 P M A tolal of 137 votes including 40 cast by the judges in charge of i scneauicct election the polls were in the ballot boxes y Employes Representation shnrt Iv hnfrirn 0 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The new defense labor media tion board created by President Hoosevclt to try to speed produc tion in industry announced Mon day that Ihe first four strikes turned over to it had been termin ated In three instances negotiations will continue between the mm agemenl and unions in regard to wage increase and other demands The fourth strike was settled be fore ihe board took any formal action Dr Frank Graham of North Carolina representing the public on the mediation hoards panel which met all day Sun day with company and striking CIO union representatives from the Bridgeville Pa plant of the Palladium corporation of Amer ica announced Monday morn Ing the fourth strike had been ended The union men will go lo work as fast as their jobs become avail able and strike issues including ihe hiring of five nonunion guards were left for future in vestigation and negotiation The Vanadium company nor mally employs 225 men at Bridgeville It makes ferrovana dium a steel alloy ingredient used in making armaments The other three walkouts which the labor department asked the board to take over ended as fol lows CHICAGOCIO union mem bers voted to end strikes at four International Harvester plants and negotiate before the board their demands for eliminationof piece work wage increases and union recognition AFL workers agreed to go back lo work at the Cornell Dubilicr corporation South Plainfidd X and continue nego tiations for wage increases If no agreement is reached the media tion board will be asked lo take up the case again CIO unionists ratified an agree ment for settlement of a strike at the Cambria Works of the Beth ehem Steel Corporation at Johns town Pa They had walked out in protest over a scheduled election li the CIO claims is a company union not stand for having its endangered prestige The German and Italian high commands mentioning the sea battle m Sunday communique said German planes had scoiedl three bomb hits on a British air craft carrier and that nn Italian plane had torpedoed a light British cruiser 1933 132 93 257 no 171 140 tr5 Honor Mohawks Maroons hailed at a reception to be staged at the Roosevelt fieldhouse f Pm l0liie Williams of lhc iflowa basketball team will be the main speaker At hc s5me time a farewell ceremony will be civen for Clav ton Chick Sutherland former junior college and high school coach here who is now freshman mentor at Iowa Statf college tcm l lo be on hand whCh USiC Vi 1C tm1ished hv 1C PCP n i jj I2P3W i in 1P4U 2P4W 17 TOTAL iaT U56 The polling places arc located as follows IP administra tion building 2P City Lumber company IP 2U school IT garage 2P school IP and R garage 2P Farm Equip ment companj hc Accomplishments c to high sch1 Honeymoon Gold Thrilling new serial By PEGGY DERN Turn to comic page corporation Bridgewater Pa In the meanwhile a CIO walk out at the Allis Chalmers plant in Milwaukee was still unset tled Despite nlcas by Secretary Knov 1111 Uic office of produc tion management the unionists voted Saturday to carry on the strike although Dm company reopened the plant The firm has S45000flOO of defense orders mainly for the navy This strike has not been certi fied lo the mediation board Sabotage Is Spectacular Blaze Destroys Agricultural Engineering Building AMES spectacular fire which aol out of hand after it ap peared to be under control de stroyed the agricultural engineering building on Ihe Iowa State college campus Monday and caused an estimated equal loss lo equipment The U shaped building was a onestory brick structure located between the colleSc armory md the chemistry building on the northwest edge ot the campus A blaze apparently broke out in federal government research laboratory in ihe east wing or tho By DEXVITT JI Foreign News Analyst Italian sabotage aboard fiscisl merchant ships in American ports i is a natural corollary to the iti titude adopted by the axis it Ilic lime of passiiKO of the lend lease ihe claim that thr United Slates liad to all in lenls and pur poses entered the war on the side of Britain T h i s sabo tage is merely a further i n dication that the axis and it s i m p 1 ifics matters if one doesnt forget structure wJiere workers dlVcov t ered the fire at 7 a m Experiments were bcino were nearly dense black j ducted on corn drying in connec tion with the federal agriculture departments ever normal plan A iy 10a approximately 4000 students or half the stu dent body were out ot classes and gathered around the blaze Several firemen overcome by the ululK smoke one of them being carried out However he revived quickly J B Davidson head of the agri cultural engineering department said the fire may have originated in corncobs in the laboratory The cobs were used in the experimen Davidson said that the equip ment destriyod would equal 01 exceed the building loss itself but no estimate ot the equipment loss was available immediately A twohour battle by the fire men appeared to iu jmvc nj ci the fire under control but then knock lier out compVtely the blaze spread between tlit ceiling and roof where fighters could not gel at it Partitions dividing classrooms atid offices in the south part of the structure then caught fire rendering the building a mass of V During the twohour struggle students professors nnd other available hands cleared office fur niture office records valuable re was built in 1922 No insurance is carried on any of the college buildings Records of several graduate stu dents working for advanced de grees were reported constnned in the that Hen lilt MACKENZIE s the intends to pursue the course which seems mot profitable irrespective uf rela tions with this country With that niHlcrslajiriing of ihe position it is not illogical to take the sabotage as fair warning of more to come There is no reason to assume that the present war will deviate in this respect from tho World country was swept with German sabotage of all sorts prior to our entry VIGOROUS AXIS ARE EXPECTED SOON Hull Says Formula of Full Aid ro Britain Is Being Followed WASHINGTON V Seventy Gorman Italian md Danish ships were by armed forces the United States over the week end to protect them against acts of by their crews Thr lriusnry made public v compilation covering 28 Italian 2 German and Danish ships taken iiitu custody by the coast Knard and the army ami navy in ports of the United Slates and thr Panama caual Four other Danish vessels were laken over by tinnavy in thilippinc waters The treasury said iiuil ttic crews had been rcniuvcd from the ifi vessels included in ils iinnounce mcnls The const guard is a unit uf the treasury The 00 vcssclv jygrcgated 9l 715 tons including 1158775 Italian German and Danish o conflict The idea was loluim slring industry and shipping Ums hampering us in preparing for possible war ourselves and im peding aid which the allies were getting from America If has been made clear llial this country is full of spies and fifth column agents who are prepared to strike as the signals come from their chiefs The fact thai the present sabotage is ili rcetcd at axis property in our Ports doesnt alter he complex ion of the situation The nazis have declared that American aid will not be per milfed to Britain no matter what the cost In this connection it should be borne m mind that this is the critical moment of the war when Hitler especially wants lo keep help from while The sabotaging reported by the treasury lo have resulted in ex tensive damage to at least Italian hips spread to central America Monday when crews set fire to one German and one Italian ship in Costa Rica The ships were the German freighter LVinach and the Italian freighter Fella anchored at Punta Arenas The crews were arrested V V This development Followed Sundays by the United Slates coast guard and navv sunnliOOUOO tons of Italian German and Danish shinning docked at widely scattered ports IMorc Ulan M vessels iicre taken into protccllvc custody iiflcr a discovery was made tluit 1 20 nf Italian ships had been badly damaged Ihcir crews nt wih knock Irt out coSlv decla that the absolute legality Swcnimcnts action luirt The most striking development nf me swcnimcm s action Inrl m the European war itsell was the not been questioned by a m P great British naval victory over Nevertheless it wa learned Inp rlnni 1 i t ILI HIL the Italian fleet off Crete Tlc British y claims the sinking of at least five warships in what was Hie the isle of admiralty s biggest sea engagement iluis m this conflict far Tiiis represents n further sjrave blow at Italian scu strength The British believe that it reduces the fascists to two or possibly four battleships from the eight they started the war cruisers also are lisled as dcs Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Colder Monday night Lowesi about 28 rising temperature Tuesday TK SUICIDE A ver dict of suicide was returned by the coroners office Monday in he death of Florence Pollock 29 Rochester Minn Miss Pollock took an overdose of sleeping pow der in her room at downtown hotel Sunday troyed apart from smaller craft of various sorts The sum lota of all this is that Italys navy has been reduced to the point where it has com paratively small strikinj pnwrr left wilb which lo face the Brit ish Mediterranean fleet While tliis terrible defeat was being ndiDinistered h Die navy Mussolinis African delenes continued to crumble The British announced that the fascists liid evacuated nhedawa nn the Ad difAbabaDjihtiii railway were retreating toward ilic Kthiopi that Ihe German and Italian bassies were assembling da til froni consular officials upon which Ibey were expected to base vigorous protests Hull would not discuss the use i which the rfiips miuht ulti mately be put He said he would not ay whether Ihe United Slate irnruilly would notify the Ger man Italian md Danish govern mcnls of the action On Hie diplomatic implica tions of the move and whether it the country nearer to war Secretary Hull declared that the government Was fol lowing a formula nl all avail able aid short of war lo Great Prilain and 11 nitiinis sim ilarly silnutcd y lie aid various Koveniineulal officialluns had been discuss ins Ihe possible ncccsMly for some inch action as was taken Official reacliun was iov in Bcrli Home York Halo K Verran IOWA night colde temperature Tuesday Partly cloudy Monday a n d Tuesday slightly Monday nighf rising1 MINNESOTA Co n siderablc cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday occasional light snow north by Tuesday afternoon colder north and extreme west IN MASON CITY GIobcGayeUc weather statistics Maximum Sunday GO Minimum Sunday night 34 At 8 a m Monday 41 Touching Ihe highest point of the year 60 on Sunday the mer cury stayed in higher levels Mon day as March prepared to close its month with the characteristics of a gentle lamb YEAR AGO Maximum fifl Minimum 32 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 51 Minimum Saturday night SB At 8 a m Sunday 42 YEAR AGO Maximum 49 Minimum 31 luuiv muj custody in American Dor damage had been done to many of the ships by their crews C ;