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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the VOL MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The Newspaper That Makes All North lowans Neighbors Prew tnd United brtenutkMul rull MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 30 1WO 7c Copy Thli Four SectionsSection HOME EDITION Me SfS Mars may be next Red goal I Russ rocketeers I dont count down I they count up By EARL UBELL NEW YORK The date is Oct 15 1960 A loudspeaker in an underground concrete block house blares trista ahdeen trista dvah trista tree PALE In Russian the words mean 301 302 303 FIRE At a secret launching pad near the Caspian Sea the Soviet scientists are countingup for the blastoff of an important rocket instead of counting down as Americans do We always go up a Russian once quipped to an American colleague with an edge of irony AND ON THAT future October day only six months from now the Russian countup may send a rocket toward Mars our solar systems red planet Thats precisely what were afraid of a leading American space scientist said That date is just right for a Mars shot They have the booster rocket to do it We have no Mars launch scheduled then The American believes the Russians may repeat their re cent lunar performance and snap the first closeup pictures of Mars surface to solve one of the most famous problems in astronomy Are the lines some astrono mers say they have seen on Mars surface real or optical il lusions Bigger telescopes cant answer the question because the bub bling earths atmosphere dis torts images in the same way your view of a scene is rippled by the heat rising from a pave ment on a hot day The late Per cival Lowell a great astronomer at the turn of the century be lieved intelligent Martians built canals along those lines but practically no o n e holds this view today And with the right instru ments the Russian Marsnik may have a good chance to gather evidence for the second great Martian riddle 15 THERE life on that planet which appears to change color with the seasons Will the Russians crash through and win both these sci entific laurels leaving the Unit ed States a second best in space science Will Soviet scientists now equipped with the worlds most powerful booster rockets be first to put a human being in an orbit around the earth and bring him back Will they be first to land working instruments on the moon Will they follow that feat with manned exploration As things look now it will be about 1970 before the first man sets foot on the airless moon un less the Russians have taken a giant step forward developing a huge rocket which may cut the time by five years THE POSSIBILITY of the Rus sians launching a man into an earth orbit within a year is strong Our astronauts are not expected to go into orbit for at least a year Yet there are other things for us to do Land instruments on the moon were scheduled for put an automatic mobile laboratory on the lunar surface 1964 or and probe the planets 1964 and Soon well be sending packets of in struments around the moon this Huge ice jam to ease n threat AP Photofax ITS TIME TO LEAVE Its much easier foe many Midwest families to pack up their families than it is to pack up their flood troubles Tom Vencil Venice Neb wades through the water with a box of cloth ing and his daughter Susan 1 as a National Guard rescue worker waits with outstretched arms The Guardsman reached the farm in an amphibious ve hicle U N studies African riots TJNITED NATIONS N Y Ml The U N SecurityCouncil decided Wednesday to plunge immediately into a discussion of the South African racial conflict despite protests of the South African government South Africas chief delegate Bernardus Gerhardus Fourie flew from Cape Town to oppose any U N debate on the race issue Fourie argued that South African situation is a do mestic affair and to discuss it here would only aggravate mat ters As soon as he finished Fourie picked up his papers and stalked away from the council table at which he had been invited to sit as a nonmember of the 11 nation group without a vote South Africa has boycotted previous UN Assembly discus sions of its apartheid racial se regation policy At Johannesburg South Af ica meanwhile a state of emergency was declared in vir ually all of the union Police acting under the proc amation rounded up at least 100 antigovernment leaders in cluding some white men Lead ers of the African nationalist congress and opposition political groups were seized The proclamation empowers the government to rule virtually by decree with the right of ar rest and detention of persons for periods of up to 30 days More than 30000 Negroes staged a spectacular demonstra tion before the guns of a Cape Town police station seeking re lease of newly arrested leaders then headed back frustrated to their native settlements AustinLaCrosse trains end runs WASHINGTON Inter state Commerce Commission North Iowa Slowly decreasing cloudiness colder diminish ing northwesterly winds Wed nesday night lows 2835 Part ly cloudy and warmer Thurs day highs 4247 Iowa Slowly decreasing cloudi ness diminishing northwester ly winds Wednesday night colder east low 2835 Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday highs 4247 east 4752 west Further outlook Partly cloudy possibly turning cold er again Friday Minnesota Light rain warmer Ike and Mmillan a a reed United stand on Atests GETTYSBURG Pa President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan agreed Tuesday to offer Russia a shortterm mora torium on small nuclear tests provided the Russians agree to a policed ban on major explo sions The President and Macmillan winding up two days of cold war talks at nearby Camp David Md announced their proposal in a statement that set the stage for a new round of Allied negotiations at the threenation Geneva test ban conference The two leaders decided to ac cept Russias proposal for un policed suspension of under ground nuclear tests if it is tied to a formal airtight treaty for an indefinite ban on all larger blasts under a strict inspection system INSTRUCTIONS FOR pre senting the EisenhowerMacmil lari agreement to Russia were rushed immediately to US and British negotiators in Geneva Britain and the United States will ask Russia to join immedi ately in a coordinated scien tific research program for im proving methods of detecting the smaller clear explosions White House press secretary James C Hagerty said a treaty with Russia covering the larger explosions would be signed within 90 days if the Geneva conference worked with good will underground nu THE LAST WORD President Eisert hower leans out of the doorway of his limousine for a last word with British Prime Minister Macmillan as he drops him off at the British Embassy in AP Photofax Washington The two motored back to the capital after two days of talks at Camp David inMarylands Catoctin mountains Highs Thursday 3849 data GlobeGazette weather up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum 52 Minimum 34 Precipitation trace FIREMAN KILLED ROCK ISLAND EL fire captain was killed Wednes day and seven firemen felled by dense smoke from a scrap paper fire in a Rock Island warehouse IN THIS CONNECTION Sec retary of State Christian A Herter who sat in on the Camp David meetings along with Vice President Nixon and others left in midafternoon to rush back to Washington for a talk with Chairman Fulbright DArk of the Senate Foreign Relations committee The committee would deal with any test ban treaty once it had been signed by the three powers After drafting their statement the President and MacmiHan turned to problems involving Berlin Germany disarmament and other international affairs On the inside Editorials Page 4 North Iowa News 7 Sports 2122 Clear Lake News 24 Society News 262728 Latest Markets 32 Mason Crty News 3233 Comics 35 USSR making concessions on Atest ban Ike vouches Outlook slightly better Level falls at Sioux City BV Tin ASSOCIATED TRESS A major flood was averted In the Sioux City area Wednesday when the Floyd River began dropping and an Air Force de molition team blasted loose a milelong ice jam on the Big Sioux River An hour after the explosion of the 40pound dynamite charge huge chunks of shattered ice be gan moving swiftly into the Mis souri River The explosion cli maxed a nightlong attempt to break the ice jam which had threatened to send the river rampaging over its banks in west Sioux City THE SITUATION was much vorse in Nebraska where the looris were called the worst in i half century Civil defense of icials at Ashland reported what hey call a wall of water rush ing down on the small commu nity of Wann Residents were urged to flee the village north of Ashland Helicpoters were sent to the area The PJnUe River traditionally described as a mile wide and an inch deep ran eight miles wide and many feet deep surg ng over hundreds of square miles and submerging whole communities The river stage at Beatrice was 24 feet or eight feet over iood stage and was expected to rise to 27 feet The Floyd River which had forced about 2200 persons to move out of their homes in east Sioux City began dropping early Wednesday after cresting at 22 feet just above Sioux City FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON P r e s ident Eisenhower said Wednesday the Russians have come a long w a y toward meeting Western conditions for a formal treaty to ban nuclear weapons tests He also said there are signs they want some degree of gen eral disarmament in the field of conventional weapons The President t o 1 d a news conference he did not believe that any nontreaty moratorium of small underground tests he might make with Russia along the lines of the USBritish pro posal announced Tuesday would be binding on his successor BUT HE IMPLIED he would recommend to the man who fol striking the moon itself Tucsdav authorized the Milwau 1961 and and sending up 4 WMihpr Railroad to drop its last two daily passenger trains be weather observation satellites this Unfortunately world opinion has failed to recognize a scries of American firsts including a number of spectaculars more prized by scientists than the Russian dumping of a ton and a half of metal into the hole of space to send back a beep or two and then be struck dumb After all the greatest discovery in space to date the giant oceans of electrically charged particles surrounding our planet named for an American Dr James Van Allen and not for a Russian And if you count up the number of satellites and space probes launched this na tion is far ahead of the R u s sians 16 American satellites Vanguards Explorers and Dis coverers to three Russian Sput niks four American space probes the Pioneers to three Russian ween La Crosse Wis and Aus in Minn effective Wednesday The decision was the result of public hearings Jan 12 at which lie railroad pointed out it was osing a year on the run It said patronage had slipped to an average of eight revenue pas sengers a day in each direction SAME DATEW9142 I1OWA DEPARTMENT FlGDftEfc MeMf Traffic Detth IB 4 Bun Youths being forced7 to grow up in a hurry ows him in the White House that he continue the stop gap ar rangement long enough to say whether the Russians really want to come to terms on a for mal ban on bigger blasts The President said leaders of both parties will be fully ad vised of what the administra tion is trying to do before any treaty is signed Eisenhower said every effort must be made to halt nuclear tests forever because otherwise more and more cited the example of will gain knowledge in this criti cal field and spread the danger to the world ON ANOTHER topic the Pres ident said he would not lake sides publicly if another major Republican candidate came along to challenge Vice Presi dent Nixon for the GOP presidential nomination Eisenhower told reporters that s recent expression of prefer ence for Nixon as his successor was based on the fact that Nixon was the only candidate The President said he was not favor ing Nixon as opposed to other Republicans and if there were two candidates he would have to observe his previously self imposed limitation on express ing a choice WASHINGTON UPI Teenagers should grow up be fore they get married a fami ly sociologist said Wednesday Dr David M Fulcomer a marriage counsel and profes sor at Iowa State University said that very few people of high school age are ready for marriage Marriage he said is for adults But he added there is a trend toward forcing children to grow up in a hur ry He said parents are trying to make adults out of ado lescents by forcing them to steady without preparing them for the pitfalls of such relationships Fulcomer is the leader of a work group on current trends in marriage and family size at HSe HOUM Conference Children and Youth His group has explored the prob lems of marriage divorce and remarriage as they affect chil dren Fulcomer pointed outthat there has been a continuing downward trend in the mar riage age In 1953 he noted the average age was 2005 for brides and 2303 for grooms In girls were getting married at the average age of 20 and men at 227 Part of the reason he ex plained is that young girls now are more inclined to con tinue work after marriage than in the past and there is less tendency to put off the wedding date He also stressed that fami lies are getting bigger The trend in families of two three and four children is increas ing while the number of one child couples is declining Small tornado touches down at Fort Madison FORT MADISON small tornado swept through a sixmile long area of farm land near here Tuesday night caus ing considerable property dam age and some cattle were re ported killed The twister touched down about five miles north of here and snaked its way to a point about two miles east of Den mark Iowa On the Keith Weber farm a house trailer owned by Robert Comstock Fort Madison was destroyed Across Iowa 88 at the Frank Duff farm a large barn was split in two Several other farms in the storm path reported damage to buildings No personal injuries were re ported Authorities said apparently the same twister touched down near Luray Mo just south of the Iowa border causing dam age to farm buildings Five inches of hail fell in the Luray area and snow plows were called out to clear the highways AP Photofax WHERE FLOODS HIT The map underlines hard est hit communities in Nebraska and Iowa as early spring floods on the Platte and Floyd Rivers menace a broad area THE FLOYD was down to about 2L feet and Civil officials said apparently the orst was over However other sections of the tale braced for increased flood ng as the runoff from the blan et of snow which covered the tate before warm weather ar ved downstream on Iowas vers and streams The Maple River flooded scc ons of the business district at da Grove Wednesday after ice ims blocked the river Flood waters from minor treams poured over highways cross the state and halted traf c The highway commission aid these roads were closed be ause of flooding Highway 60 two miles south of Cnoxville Highway 61 south of ort Madison Highway 51 north f Dufauque Highway 75 in Sioux ity Highway 2 at the South Dakota line Highway 13 at the outh Dakota line Highway 31 ust south of Correctionville Highway 42 west of Rovert TRAFFIC WAS going through vater which was running over lighway 20 just west of Dyers ille Highway 20 in Manchester lighway 6 west of Ladora High vay 75 between Sioux City and and Highways 175 and 19 near Ida Grove An ice jam about three miles ong was piling up on the West Fork of the DCS Moines River about three miles west of West Bend endangering three Bridges Area residents said the situa tion was the worst since the flood of 1917 The river rose 10 inches in the area during the night spilling into lowlands but not causing major flooding Wit nesses said some of the chunks of ice in the jam were as much as two blocks longCounty offi cials were unable to break the jam loose with dynamite The Des Moines River caused some flooding in Keosauqua One family was forced to leave its home and several others were packing in case the flood became worse GOV HERSCHEL said in Des Moines a National ;