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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL N O R T H 1 0 W A N S NEIGHBORS VOL LtX Associated Press and United Pnss Full Lease Wires CScvcn Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 30 W3 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor The Pressure Is on Berlin TF the people living in West Ber lin were of the nervous type they would be pretty close todis traction these days That goes for the Germans themselves arid it goes for the Americans who are living in Berlin on military matic or other assignment This is an observation that could be drawn from the news dis patches Or it could be drawn from correspondence with members of the family living in Berlin Or it could be drawn from personal faptir CoiulslM of Two Orw Reds Tell Compromise oh POWs MCarthy Stassen Fight visit in the once prosperous capital beautiful arid city of Ger many In my own caseit was all three of these I do occasionally read the news papers and listen to the radio I have a member of the family sta tioned in Berlin And just a little more than a year ago I was brows ing around in the rubble of both East and West Berlin What I saw heard and felt on that occasion will be running through my mind as I proceed into this little visit with you A Symbol of Freedom For the free world Berlin has an almost incalculable importance Itsa living symbol of the contrast between freedom and enslavement But its more than that Its a marvelous listening post and ob servation tower In Berlin we can hear the unhappy wails and see the miserable poverty which are WASHINGTON G0 Harold E Stassen told Sen McCarthy R Wis to his face Monday that he is interfering with this nations for eign policy and undermining the governments efforts to halt ship ments from the West to Iron Cur tain countries McCarthy retorted that his staff has accomplished what you and Dulles did not accomplish And he said he and his sub committee will go right on nego tiating agreements for the removal of ships from Red trade At Issue At issue at the televised hearing of McCarthys Senate Investiga tions Subcommittee was an agree ment the subcommittee reached with Greek owners of 242 ships under which the shipowners prom ised not to trade with the Norti Koreans or Chinese Communists The State Department an nounced Monday that the Greek iovernment decided to order a hal o such shipments by Greekflag ships on March 23 It said the ord er already has gone into effect r In the first open clash between McCarthy and an administration official Mutual Security Director Stassen told the senator angriij hat he and his subcommittee are n effect undermining and arc harmful to our Stassen contended the agree ment would be difficult to en has it allowing he ships to carry war useful goods rom Western areas to Russia and her European satellites and CJ nterferes with overall foreign pol synonymous with that called Communism poison This is another way of saying that the United States and other nations of the free world will go to any length to retain possession of Berlin against the uriderstand ablewish on the part of the Krem lin to drive us out Any of so far as the Rus sians are concerned Were equally determined Ever since last May after the Bonn government signed the peace contract and a related defense treaty with the Western powers the Reds have been stepping up their program to make continued occupation Berlin un palatable Its Difficult Elsewhere along the East Ger man boundary it has been pos sible to set up a threemile wide No Mans Land to prevent Ger mans from escaping to the West But in Berlin as I observed first hand last year the problem is vastly different and more diffi cult There are several reasons for this but the most important one is that Berlin was built as an in tegrated city There was no thought that some day it would be divided into two actually four parts There was one trans portation system one power sys tem one water system one sew age system etc Moreover many Berliners live in one section of the city and work in the other Each day close to 100000 must cross the boundary dividing Berlin on their way to or from their breadwinning jobs And therein lies a most interest ing embarrassing com mentary about the true nature of Communism Its this From the very beginning of Ber lins formal occupation by Rus sia Britain France and United States in July of 1945 many East Berliners have been crossing the line into West Berlin in the morn ing and failing to return at night Thats been a true measure of life in the Communist Paradise Mere Trickle by Comparison At the time I was in Berlin 13 months ago that daily list of escapes from Communist con trolled Berlin was averaging 100 a day By comparison with the pres ent that was a mere trickle In January of this year the refu gee total reached 25000 in Feb ruary it touched 40000 in the first 10 days of March itshot up to 210001 andthe for the month will 60000 Thats almost 2000 a day in spite of the Corn munist desperate efforts to prevent the escapes West Berlinswell respected mayor Ernst Reuter pn a recent visit to the United States said he expected a continuing flow of refugees He pointed out that it posed some kingsize problems for him and those associated with him In Berlins municipal government There are a lot of extra mouths to be fed from an already short sup ply of foodstuffs Even though W Berlin isnt yet formally a part of West1 Germany the government at Bonn has as iumed a large degree of responsi bility for it And it that the old boy with the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 South Koreans Repulse Red Drive in East Kill Wound 100 Commies in Fight SEOUL Korean troops threw back a Chinese Red drive on Christmas Hill on the Eastern Front in a driving snowfall Monda as U S Marines dug in firmly on bloody Outpost Vegas in the west Some 300Reds jabbed 50 yards beyond Allied advance defense lines on a 350 yard front west of Christmas Hill which is west oJ the Mundung Valley South Koreans drove them back killing or wound ing 100 Chinese Entrenched Marines Entrenched Marines on smoul dering Vegas had won back the out post at dawn Sunday after knocked off times in the Reds bloody spring feeler drive on the Western Front last week Grimy and weary the Leather necks smashed a threepronged Red drive on Vegas late Sunday and broke up a Red Force massing for another attack Sunday night with a thundering curtain of artil lery fire In the air U S Sabrejet pilots reported probable destruction of one Communist MIG jet and two damaged In a big day Sunday Sabre pi ols reported shooting down four MIGs and damaging a fifth Reds backed their drive in the Christmas Hillarea with 1800 rounds of artillery and mortar fire The Chinese dented the advance line after an hour of quarter battle with the South Ko reans Reinforcements However the South Koreans called up reinforcements at 1 a m and again 15 minutes later With in 10 minutes after they arrived the Reds withdrew and the gap was closed A U S Eighth Army spokesman said 15 dead Reds were counted 51 estimated killed and 42 estimated wounded In fighting at Outpost Vegas Sun day night the Reds advanced in three columns of about 100 men each under cover of aisminute ar tillery barrage your inference we accomplished HAROLD STASSEN mm SEN MCCARTHY icy for which the State Departmen is responsible Stassen told McCarthy it is sober judgment that the bes way to bring the hostilities to a conclusion in Korea is to f irml j and solidly back President Eisen hower and Secretary of Stat Dulles Solid Support He said there solid support for the President on thi difficult and complicated prob he agreed tha every one should back up thi President but said he had been shocked r by that because something the State Departmen hadnt accomplished it is bad McCarthy told Stassen angrily I frankly feel that we arc helping you And shortly afterwards when Stassehs chief deputy took the wit ness chair at the televised sub committee hearing McCarthy di rected that he be put under oath This is an unusual practice in the case of government officials I puts a witness in jeopardy of prose cution on charges if h does not tell the truth The dispute which brought the first open clash between McCar thy and an administration official grew out of McCarthys announce ment Saturday that the subcom mittee staff had negotiated an agreement with Greek owners oi 242 ships under which they agreed o break off all trade with North Korea and Red China Declines Comment President Eisenhower declined comment on the agreement The order putting Kenneth Han ion Stassens acting deputy under oath followed a statement fay rancis Flanagan general counsel forthe said Hanson hadtold him earlier he by 2arthys subcommittee would cut shippings to Red China per denied he had made such an estimate to Flanagan He not make an esti At the insistence of Sen Mc Ilellan pArk both Flanagan and Robert Kennedy brotherof Sen iennedy counsel of the also were put under path Squads at Site of Ammo Blowup BULLETIN NEW estimated two billion dollars was wiped out of the quoted value 6f listed se curities on the New York Stock Exchange Monday in a break on the heels of Korean prisoner of war exchange proposals j rAH About The Weather Iowa Tuesday partly cloudy not much change in temperature Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day with a few showers early Minnesota A little colder west and south Tuesday partly cloudy GlobeGazette weather data up to 8am Monday Maximum 55 Minimum 34 At 8 am 34 Precipitation 31 YEAR AGO Minimum 54 LEWIS Ind squads worked their way Monday hrough the desolation left little coal mining town by anight mare of fire and flyingxShrapnel from three freight caploads of ex ploding Scarcely a half5dpzcn houses re mained habitable in this town of 300 population after the fivehours of explosions touched off bya train derailment Saturday night but no one was killed Fifteen persons vere injured but only three went tohospitals In the big crater yhich blocked oth the railroad branch line and a stale highwaylay the twisted vreckage of uncounted freight cars The Chicago Milwaukee St OU Paul andPacific Hailroad reported 24 cars unaccounted for The front andtail end of the 107car freight train were pulled away from the inferno of fire and flying artillery shells Military authorities in Chicago said one of the cars contained 105 millimeter artillery shells for use by the Marines but wouldnt say what was in the two others A spokesman for the Chicago Army Ordnance District said in tense heat could set off the shells though their uncut fuses would make them almost nonexplosive by impact The train was boundfrom Chi cago for Bedford Ind with the ammunition going to the Crane Na val Ammunition Depot 25 miles west of Bedford AP WIrephoto TRAIN BLAST DIGS blast from three cars ripped this 20footdeep 60footlong the tracks in Lewis Ind Live ammunition was still the area Monday morning Chou Says Time Ripe for Truce Neutral State for Some POWs LONDON UP Chinese Com munist Premier Chou EnLai said Monday in a statement broadcas by Pciping that the Reds are now prepared to take steps to elimin ate the differences with the United Nations over repatriation of all war prisoners in Korea Chou in a statement broadcas by the New China News Agency said the Chinese and North Ko reanCommunists are now willing Elated Surprise UNITED NATIONS NY UP Chinese Communist Premier Chou EnLais declared readiness to negotiate the war prisoner problem that deadlocked Korean truce talks took the United Na tions by elated surprise Monday to agree that only those prisoners who wish to be repatriated shall be acnt home The remainder he said would be turned over to a neutral state Home From Moscow Chou just back home fr6m Mos cow said the time should be con sidered ripe to settlethe entire question of prisoners of war and end the waritself He pointed out himself that the repatriation issue was the only hing in dispute and claimed that lad armistice hot eeninterrupted for more than rivemonths a solution might have jeen found long ago Now Inasmuch as the UN has proposed to settle accordance with Article 109 of Geneva Convention the question 6f ex changing sick andinjured prisori ers of war during the hostilities we consider that sub sequent to the reasonable settle ment of that question itis entirely a matter of course that a smooth solution whole question ol prisoners of war should be achieved provided that both sides are prompted by real sincerity to bring about an armistice inKorea in the spirit of mutual compro mise Chou continued Ready to Compromise Chou said the North Koreans iiave always continue to view that the only solu tion to the prisoner question is to repatriate all of them But in view of the fact that prisoners now constitute the only carrier to agreement he said the Reds are prepared to take steps to eliminate the differences on this question so as to bring about an armistice in Korea To this end the government of he Peoples Republic of China and he government of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea propose hat both parties to the negotiations should undertake to repatriate im mediately after the cessation of lostiJities all those prisoners of war in their custody who insist pn repatriation and to hand over the remaining prisoners of war to a neutral state so as to ensure a just olution to the question of repa riation Chou said Do Not Relinquish Itmust be that in advancing this proposalwe by no means relinquish the principle of release and repatriation of war prisoners without delay after the cessation of hostilities set forth in Article 118 of the Geneva Conven ion nor do we acknowledge the assertion of the UN that there are among the prisoners of war indi viduals who allegedly refuse re patriation It is only to put an end to the olootly war in Korea and in order b reach a peaceful settlement of he Korean question because both f these questions are bound up with the question of the peace and ecurity of the Far East and of the world that we take this new step ind propose that after the cessa lon of hostilities those captured personnel of our side who under he intimidation and oppression of he opposite side arc filled with ipprehension and are afraid to re urn home be handed over to a leutralstate and that explanations te given to them by the parties thus ensuring that the question of their repatriation will justly settled and will not ob truct the realization of an arm stice in Korea NURSING HOME ABLAZE Home nearXargoFla vyas totally destroyed by firelarly Sunday Thirtythree persona perished ii in the inferno Investigation of Nursing Home Blaze LARGO Fla agencies are investigating the windswept fire that destroyed a onestory frame nursing home Sunday tak ing the lives of 32 elderly patients and a valiant nurse who tried to save them Investigations were startedMon day bythestate fire marshal State Hotel Commission andSneiri iff Sid Saunders Twentyfive patients were saved as neighbors turned out barefooted and in night clothes to back up the rescue efforts of the owners Mr and Mrs W L Littlefield Fire companies from Largo andClear water also came quickly but with in half an hour the sprawling wooden structure was doomed Many of the victims died in their beds unaware of thedanger that suddenly roared at them about on a chilly Sabbathmorning Of those who gained conscious ness some were too panicky to follow directions i Minnesota Murders at Spring Valley No Witnesses to Holdup Shooting SPRING VALLEY Minn UP and owners wife shortly be allnight cafe here apparent holdup attempt Southern Minnesota police threw up roadblocks hoping to get the killer or killers Mrs 48 a waitress was founcl dead bchinc he the cafe Got Dot of Bed Mrs Agnes Beaston 43 wife of the cafe owner was killed when she got out of bed andwentinto the kitchen to investigate the shots which killed Mrs Horsman Her husband David rushed from Lho bedroom in the rear of the cafe to find both bodies He told police he and his wife re ired about 1 am and were awakened about am by sev eral gun shots Mrs Beaston went out to investigate and Beaston said he heard another shot He got up and found his wife lying dead in he kitchen and Mrs Horsman dead behind the cafe counter Red Ford Bcaslon said he saw a bright red Tord a new one roar away when he jumped out of bed Two empty 45 caliber shells verc found on the cafe floor The cash register was closed and in spection of the till was being held up until finger prints could be1 aken Spring Valley is in Southeastern Minnesota about 28 miles castof Austin By late afternoon the police road blocks had yielded no leads Killed m Cafe SAME Black liar mexni traffic death IB pnit 21 hours Best Deal in the Navy h h atthe Norman Afr Technical Training ones of course Cason as the sailors must call her is the center education of the only WAVE among the multitude of lonesome men weren t enough the sailors have still another reason for trying to woo her When tests for promotionscome up who do you think is ins charge Maggie thats who Report lice Is Planning to Cut Foreign Aid Funds WASHINGTON Eisenhower was reported by congieasional leaders Monday to be planning injfor eign aid spending Senate Republican ofOfiio and House Speaker Martin RMass said there has been nodetermination yet on v amount of the cut but that Ihcre definitely will be a reduction from he billion proposed by the Truman administration for for eign aid in the fiscalyearbegin ling next July 1 TaR and Martin held a news con ference immediately after their weekly meeting with Eisenhower Taft said Mutual Security Direc or Harold Stassen is having a study made to find out whether 10 dollars in foreign aid carry over funds can be cut Stassen sat in with the congres sional leaders at their conference vith Eisenhower Taft and Martin also announced 1 The President would send to longress later in the day a special message asking creation of a com nission to study federalstate re ations pn such matters as taxes grants in aid and social security Elsenhower told his news confer ence last week it would be the job 3f the proposed commission to Eliminate waste and duplication 2 The president will tign liter his week an executive order to trip civil service protection from cveral hundred federal govern ment policymaking officials ap pointed by Democratic administra lons 3 Agreement was reached with lisenhower to fix July 4 as the arget date for adjournment of Congress Taft said Congress in any event positively will ad ourn by Aug i leaders week on legislation to give the coastal lands Warns of Killer During Full Moon LONDON new warn ings went out Monday to all Brit ains police that Londons sex crazed strangler may strike again at Monday nights full moon Al ready investigators hadfound the remains of six women what may be the shattered skull of a seventh Police believe the murders show a pattern of moon madness that could bring another slaying Mon day night They pursued a theory that the killer at the time of the full moon goes berserk entices the women into some secluded place strangles them and assaults them sexually Boy 5 Takes Cab on Wild Journey WEST PALM BEACH Fla Police said a 5yearold boy took a taxicab from a parking lot Sunday drove it a block and crashed into the Dixie Court Hotel when he tried to turn the corner The boy fled the wreckage on foot but was caught four or five blocks away and taken to police v icagers informed the headquarters where juvenile all Resident that both the House and thorities and his parents took he Senate plan to start debate this charge Only minor damage was caused JUU1Ui uamage was caused tales title to oilrich submerged the hotel but damage to the taxi Onst fl Ilanric Fears He Too Is Dying cab was estimated at Father Shoots Crippled Son CLIFTON NJ an guished father fearing his own lealh was near killed his crippled ivcyearold son in what he i told was an act of mercy Albert Sell 44 a restaurant vner faced arraignment Monday i a murder charge in the death of bis son Albert Jr accrebral palsy victim Sell a World War II veteran who mdcrwcnt a major operation last anuary said he shot and killed his son lo keep him from growing up helpless He told police that he also Beared he himself might die soon and he did not want the boy to become a burden on his ill wife Sell andhis dead son werefound in Sunday parked on a wooded private road some twp mUes from the Sell op The family had living1 quar ters above the restaurant Two specialpolicemen Fred Von Hassel and Frank Stagmtlo found the automobile Sell was sitting behind the wheel Stagnitto said Hewas in a dazed condition I shot the boy Sell told them Hes on the back seat Sell told police that after visiting a friend Saturday drove his son tothe private road and said ne out boy behind the to drive Then he aimed a VJO caliber rifle v ;