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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMC DE PARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES C E S M 0 I N E S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 3D 1944 This Paper Consists of Two Section One NO I CONVENTION OF IOW A GOP TO BE HELD ON FRIDAY Delegates Arriving Most Maneuvering Is Expected at Caucuses DCS Monies vanguard of Iowa republicans began arriv ing Thursday for the partys slate convention Friday at which the principal business will be selec tion of delegates to the national convention in Chicago There will be 2700 official delegates to the state meeting Many other persons interested in politics also are expected to at tend Most of the political maneuver ing is expected to take place in the district caucuses and in the selection of 2 of the 7 delegates 1 atlarge The other 5 deleeates atlargc are expected to be named without debate by virtue of their positions in the party All 8 representatives in Wash ington were expected to attend and most of them plan to spend the weekend in their home dis tricts developing their organiza tion All seek reelection Senator George A Wilson has indicated he would attend if he GERMAN DEAD BURIED IN this scene from the new official soviet film Ukraine in Flames German survivors according to the accompanying caption are burying their dead after an attack by soviet forces under supervision of a reel army man in background Subgroup Urges Army Begin Accepting 4F Men for Labor Duty Washington the expressed views oC Secretary of War Stimson the house military subcommittee on draft defer ments recommended Thursday that the war department begin imme diately to accept 4Fs for Marine Who Downed 2 lap Planes Hurt by Children Commandos GOV HARRY F KELLY Be Keynoter could clean up previous commit to get here from Washington District caucuses will be held at 10 a in to select 2 delegates from each district to the national meeting The caucuses for the 2nd 3rd 5th 6th and 8th districts will be held at the Coliseum and the 1st 4th and 7th district meet ings will be held at the KIrkwood hotel The keynote address will be de livered at 11 oclock by Gov Harry F Kelly of Michigan Dis trict Judce Dwight Ryder of Fort Dodge will be temporary chair man Convention committees also will be selected at the 11 oclock session at the Coliseum The afternoon meeting will open at 2 oclock with an address by Gov B B Hickcnlooper after which the convention will name the 7 dolcgatesatlarge No convention luncheon or din ner has been planned this year Most the delegates are expected to be here by Thursday night for advance discussions of politica matters Delegatesatlargc who are ex pected to be named by virtue o their positions arc Senator Wil son Gov Hickenlooper Harrison V Spangtcr of Cedar Rapids na tional G O P chairman Willis York of Madrid chairman ot the state central committee and Ar thur ii Jacobson of Waukon president of the Iowa young re publicans Spasigler w ill not attend the convention the stale GO P of fice said Candidales for the other two clelegalcallarge positions are ex pected lo include Mrs Gertrude Wilharm of Simmer vice presi dent the GO P stjte central committee Mrs R Roberts of Brilt president the Iowa coun cil of republican women clubs and Mark G Thornburg former secrclary of agriculture Polilical observers have pre dicted the convention delegates will not be instructed for any candidate labor duty and that selective serv ice cooperate to get as many as possible of this group into essen tial jobs The committee said tilts action should be supplemented later by legislation it expects lo draw dur ing the Easter recess Committee members said fol lowing an executive session they desired the war department and selective service to act immedia tely without waitins for legisla ion to force upwards of a million men between the agesof 18 and 37 vho now are in 4F to get into work or be inducted into he array or navy The action along lines suggested Wednesday by Undersecretary o War Robert P Patterson would be mplemented quickly by legisla ion defining the status of inducted lFs insofar as veterans benefits incl other matters are concerned The recommendations of the committee headed by Representa tive Costello DCal were 1 That the war department accept and use men for specia labor duty and that the depart ment publicly so announce 2 That selective service pro cess 4Fs for classification de ferring those then engaged in in dustry or agriculture so long a they remain so engaged 3 Thai appropriate legislatioi be drafted to cover and supple merit if necessary compliance with the action proposed Secretary of War Stimson sail Thursday it was essential to 4F men into the war effort bu that he would accept their in duction into the army as a labo corps only as a last resort Questioned at his press confer ence about the statement of Tin derSecrctary of War Robert Pat teison that the army would ac cept induction of 4Fs who re fused to voluntarily enter en ployment in essential activilic Stimson replied that he agree fully that the war effort is suffe Glarksville Flyer on Plane Missing After Routine Training Trip ing by failure to utilize this grou of men But he added I do not think thai this most vital step should be taken by in direction and by induction into the army of men not qualified o serve in the army The secretary emphasized very strongly his belief that national Luke Field Ariz John 1C Nissley commanding of ficer of Luke Field said Thurs day that the search is continuing for 3 planes which failed to re turn from a routine training flight Saturday High winds at that time were believed to have necessitated forced landings in an isolated area Nissley said The missing flyers included Second Lt Harold E Brinkman 20 son of Henry W Brinkman Route I Clarksvillc Iowa nuy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy I service legislation was the best solution of the manpower prob lem but that in any case congress should deal with the matter in new legislation not requiring the army to induct physicallyun qualified men for assignment to war jobs as a labor battalion I dont like that at all said Stimson But as I said the final decision is in the hands of con gress Stlmsons comment came on the heels of indications on capitol hill that something like a million 4Fs between the ages of 18 and 37 inclusive may soon be given the choice of taking essential jobs or being inducted into some type of labor battalions either army or civilian The war secretary reported the armys manpower objective of 7 00000 has not been changed but the fact that the army is still ap proximately 200000 short of this goal and that selective service has not produced enough new men on schedule has forced shifts of per sonnel within the army These shifts included transfer of 36000 men from the air forces to the ground and service forces reduction of the army college pro gram substitution of civilians for soldiers in some activities in the nited States and reduction of a umber of army activities in this ountry Meanwhile methods for using Fs continued to get prime at entlon in the capitol Abandoning plans for an Easter ecess n house military subcom mittee headed by Rep Costello D Cal began drafting leglsla ion to surround the big group of ejectees with statutory controls The committee worked under he spur of a request from the ivar nd navy departments that some hine be done immediately o ind replacements for youngrcr oc opationallydcferred men needed or combat service We hope to have a bill ready after the recess Costello told re porters We are going to sit dur ng the recess and will ask the var department to help us draft he legislation Predicting prompt action by joth the senate and the house Costello said he believed the legis ation should provide for control of the activities not only of the 4Fs between 18 and 37 but also of 4Fs up to 45 and ot non fathers between 38 and 45 It isapparent hp declared that the armed services now must have as many as possible of the younger men now deferred be cause they are in essential jobs The problem is to find replace ments for them and the large numbers of 4Fs in unessential ac tivities is a big pool from which we can draw Ultimatelj he added the armed forces presumably will insist on taking only men under 31 for gen eral service retaining control over the older men by exercising power to put them into labor battalions if they fail to go into essential jobs As evidence lhal there Is a vast pool of labor available but un touchable now among the 4Fs Costello cited testimony given the committee Wednesday by Under secretary of War Robert P Pat terson Patterson advocating legislation to conscript 4Fs who wont take essential jobs said there were 3 500000 4Fs between 18 and 37 About 1000000 of them are quali fied to take industrial jobs to re lease younger men be said Many of them arc contributing nothing that Is of material as sistance lo the men who are doing the fighting Patterson declared His proposal which struck a responsive chord among committee members was that 4Fs not in essential work be inducted and placed in an enlisted reserve from REPEL NAZIS ON BEACHHEAD German Tanks Dispersed Along Cassino Front Allied Headquarters Xaplcs army forces repelled 2 small enemy attacks on the Anzio beachhead Wednesday while allicc planes ranged far and wide over Italy hitting targets in the Rome Turin and Bolzano areas am sweeping across the Adriatic to bomb Sofia The communique made no ref erence to the Cassino front The attack on Sofia capital o Bulgaria was carried out Wed nesday night by formations o both heavy and medium bombers a communique said In addition to assaults on rai lines in northern Italy by larg of escorted bombers air operations Wednesday included medium bomber sweeps against the Vitcrbo airdrome north of Rome and harbor and rail instal lations in northwest Italy Twentytwo enemy aircraft were destroyed during the days opera tions against an allied loss of 11 The Mediterranean allied air force Hew approximately 1800 sorties during the day Field dispatches said German tanKs in Cassino again tried the strength of allied defenders in the Continental hotel area but 5th army artillery dispersed them A German patrol crossed the Rapido river south of the town but with drew when allied forces engaged it Moj Arthur E Exon of Esther ville Iowa a thunderbolt pilot shot down one of 4 JVlcsscr schmitls which attacked his for mation near Vitcrbo As we went into the bomb run 4 JMEs dived in front ot us try ing to divert us from bombing said Exon We chased them and I got a shot into an ME The plane exploded in midair like a paper bag First Lady Ends 14000 Mile Trip Washington and only 3 or 4 pounds thinner after her 14000mile trip Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt said Thursday that servicemen whom she saw in the Caribbean area and South Amer ica talked very little about pol itics and asked no questions about strikes at home Only one serviceman she said at her news conference since her return Tuesday expressed con cern about having a chance to vole Men ot all services whom she visited on this 3rd tour of instal lations outside the United States have achieved a reputation for good behavior she said Opening her conference with the statement that she made this trip at the presidents request Mrs Roosevelt described the monotony loneliness and dreari ness1 which men at outposts south of this country had to bear Despite these conditions Mrs Roosevelt said they are doing a wonderful job that perhaps in some ways takes more character She did not complete the comparison but it was implied that she was comparing them with men living under the ex citement of greater activity Nazis Lose Cernauti Base at Gateway to Balkan Ares Chicago Sidney Solo nan 22 a marine corps aerial unner who shot down 2 lap ilanes in 11 engagemenls in the south Pacific was a casualty of he home front war Thursday Home on furlough Soloman was walking down the street Wednes day when he was trapped amid a gang of children playing comman dos One the children bumped into him bowling him off his feet He suffered a wrenched knee ant minor cuts and bruises Ive felt safer in a foxhole he said 2500 JAPS DIE IN EFFORTS TO HALT STILWELL Allied Airmen Blast Second Nippon Threat to Base of Imphal By T B KKUEGEU Associated Press War Editor Lt Gen Joseph Stillvvells AmericanChinese forces have killed some 2500 Japanese troops opposing the allied drive toward lUyitkyina prime enemy base which stands between the New Ledo supply route and the Burma road Elsewhere in the Burma battle the fighting grew in violence Stilwclls Chinese fighters in ddilion trapped 1000 Japanese oops in an CKffshapcd region ortli of above Myit yiiiii Allied troops inflicted heavy isualtics on a Japanese riving the Tiddim roarl to ard Imphal important commu ication center about 15 miles hi de the border of India A second threat to Imphal was ountercd with a concentrated Reds Favor Changes in Italian Rule GIs Hungrily Read Amazing Regulations Pocatello Idaho week ly newspaper of the Pocalello army air base carried a story this week that the Provost Marshals office was reported as suspend ing the pass system so cnlislcd men may come and go at will pro vided they report promptly for pay call Another story said advances on pay checks will be given without questions and another said officers hat agreed to a demotion by one rank to allow unlimited promo lions of cnlislcd men The GIs read hungrily until they remembered that April Fools day is next Saturday HOSPITAL AREA IS IN SHAMBLES NaziBombers Attack Beachhead at Anzio By REYNOLDS PACKARD Allied Headquarters Naples fire bombs turtle an American hospital area on th Anzio beachhead inlo a blood shambles Wednesday nighl cli maxing a night and day of savag patrol fighting and artillery ex changes on the 3 major Italia fronts Screaming In over the watei front under cover of darkness formation of nazi bombers droppc high explosives and incendiaric across the port area in an appal ent attempt to blast allied militai installations and shipping Three big incendiaries on a cluster of hospital tents jammed with wounded troops and medical corps personnel Two men were killed instantly and SB others badly hurt including a number of captured Germans The bombing raised to 35 killed and 128 wounded the number of casualties suffered in a scries of nazi bombing and shelling attacks on allied beachhead hospitals It was feared the death toll of the latest bombing will rise when com plete figures arc compiled United Press War Correspond ent Robert Vermilion who wit nessed the attack said there was no immediate indication llial the Moscow front page edi torial in the government nejvspa per Izvestia explained Thursday that the exchange of envoys with Ihc Italian regime of Marsha Pictro Badoglio did not mean full recognition of his government and in effect called on Britain and the United Stales for a change in government in Italy The Italian question is one of the important problems con fronting the allies and it should be settled as soon as possible to hel hasten victory over Germany the editorial said Izvestia expressed imtatior with American and British news papers which it said had in lerprelcd the exchange of envoy as meaning soviet support for un democratic elements in Italy It ulded the soviet is willing to have mmedhitc changes in the Badogiio government without waiting for he occupation of Rome Prime Minister Churchill told Commons recently that Britain expected lo consider the Italian lolilical situation anew when the allies reached Rome RETREAT ALONI LOWER BUG I ALSO ADMITTEl German Defense Lines Continuing to Wilt Before Red Onslaughts Allied Air Commandos Strike at Mohnyin in Effort to Isolate Japs By The Associated Press Allied air commandos have truck at Mohnyin Burma in ai apparent move to isolate further he important Japanese base a Uyitkyina toward which It Gen Joseph Stilwclls American and Chinese forces arc driving hard Adm Lord Louis iHoiintliattens headquarters Thursday sail the gliderborne commandos in a slashing attack on enemy com munications damaged Japanese icadquartcrs in iMohnyin Tins town is on the railway connect ing Mandalay and Myitkyina IMyilkyhia situated north of the Burma road stands between a junction of this highway and the new Lcilo supply route out of India Gen SUlwclls American trained Chinese pushed on south ward toward the enemy base cut ting the main road 14 miles in side the Mofiaune valley and set up a rnad block of Laban a mile north BOMB FRANCE WEST GERMANY Allied Airmen Engage in Widespread Raids I o 11 d o n bombers spread destruction through France and western Germany Wednesday night in the wake of a daylight pincers assault that hit axis Eu rope from the French invasioi coast to jittery Bulgaria Wednes day Britishbased heavy bomber concentrated their block buster Wednesday night on targets ii France Halifaxes hitting railway targets at Vaircs 35 miles cast o Paris while a small force of Lan casters attacked1 an aircraft engin at Lyon Twinengined mosquito raider dropped fire and demolition bomb on Kiel Germanys biggest nava base and the western reich din ing the night One bomber lost in all operations from Brilaii Daylight raids from British an Mediterranean bases Wcdnesda brought France Germany norll blasting by planes and artillery of a Japanese column caught in the open while driving on that city from the north The column reeled backward w i I h heavy losses crn Italy and Bulgaria under nitiltaneous aerial bombardment i one of the most o fensives in recent weeks While Britishbased America bombers hit the French invasit coast ami aircraft renter Brunswick in central German I bombers from Mediterranean ai tiiis theater Allied planes have bombed and strafed Japa nese positions in India and have helped clear a way for Stilwclls Iwopronped advance The Chinese troops laid their trap by cutting in behind enemy troops who couldnt be budged fronlally They were reported closing the trap with all haste iiiizi planes bad struck dclibcrai hoping to capture as much Japn tclv at the hospital area incsu artillery as possible The work MOST FREQUENT VIOLATIONS Mnincs Walter D Kline acting district OPA admin istrator announced that a survey in which all but 37 of tiie stores listed in the G4county disI trict were visited showed that j IiKIX ISLAND IS canned corn and tomatoes cocoa j BGMISEI FIRST TIMK anrl round steak were the food i In the Pacific allied the Chinese was a truil uf long patient tutoring by Gen Stilwclts Americans He had them out of China lo south ern India and there trained and equipped as Americans are tresses and their escort of fighters routed the intercepting planes in a short engagement shooting down 48 of them Nine bombers and fl fighters were lost Mediterraneanbased aircraft ac counted for another 22 enemy planes Wednesday Kf of them falling before American aerial guns over Turin and FOREMAN FOUND Cherokee L Kelly i3 Illinois Central night engine BULLETIN London cap tul of Bucovina and gateway the Balkans has fallen lo tl red armys advance Premier St liu announced Thursday night fuw hours after Berlin acknow celled German evacuation of 11 strategic city Russian forces hi broken into this third largest ci if prewar Rumania from tl north and west after forcing tl Irut river London evacuation icrnowilz gatew the Balkans was announci hursday by the German hij ommand in a broadcast fro erlin AI the same time the commun uc admitted that German troo iscngagcd themselves from tl wcr Ukrainian BUR on the ens rn approaches Odessa but sual claiitjed this was done wit ut enemy interference Wednesday nights Russian cor lunicnie said Russian forces b tormcd across the Prut river ai icre engaging the defenders Czernowitz the Bucovinian cap al in handtohand fighting Tr tronghold and strategic rail jun ure controls supply lines in outhcrn Rumania and Bessa ibia Other Russian forces were dri ng through the Carpathian foe lills toward the northern tier ol CzechoSlovakia follows he capture oC Kolomea Pr river town on the main Birli LwowBucharest railway 45uiiV northeast of Czernowltz Indicating another Russia threat to LWOW in old Polar he Berlin broadcast said th heavy fighting was under w with advance red army form lions in the area ot Slanisls about 70 iniles below lwovv ai only 40 miles from the old bord of CzcchoSlovakia on the Bucharest rail line Another Berlin broadcast sa tin llussians were throwing rifle divisions and 3 tank con upwards of 175000 men into t battle fur the white Russian pal ways lo the Baltics in new smash at the IflOinilc German arc b twccii Vitebsk and Chausy It sa the offensive had been u able lo Klin however Advaiue units of Marshal Grc ory K Zhukovs 1st Ukraini army were reported less than miles from the famous pass of t Tatars leading across the Carp thians into CarpathoUkraii taken over from CzechoSlova by Hungary in Hitlers rcshuffl nient of the Balkans Severing of the BcrlinLwov Bucharest railway by Zhuko troops cut the last German r supply line in Czernowitz and t entire southern Iront dispalci said making still more critical t position of Field Marshal v Marmsicins armies struggling escape the closing in Irnin the north c ami south One lunulred seventy miles the ciist meanwhile Marshal Iv Ukrainian arr foreman was found dead in Koncv s railroad yards here Wednesday i stormcc Hie fortified city of B and Coroner 1 K Bunkers said I U southern Ukraine city llf mil he probably had stumbled and northwest of struck his head against a freight j car breaking his neck the great Germ held Ulack Sea port of Odessa t h other Russian fore which they would be assignee to jobs or refusing to take jobs would be used in labor brigades for such work as picking apples harvesting crops and doing other warsupporting work Only a small residue of the 3500900 Patterson estimated would actually remain in the la bor battalions because most of them would move quickly into essential jobs Those retained would for all practical purposes be in the army but would not be eligible for musteringout pay bonuses or other general veter ans benefits Whether their dependents if any would receive payments un der the allotment and allowance act Costello said is a matter awaiting determination Referring to Pattersons asser tion that the prime need of the armed forces now is for men un der if may be 23 or 30 it was obvi ous that most ot the men to be in BECOME PRIVATE Boise Idaho John G Walters aide to Brig Gen ai G McConnell Idaho adjutant gen eral has passed his pieinduction physical examination and expects to become a private in the ranks soon items in which price ceiling viola tions were most frequently found FORECAST IMason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday continued cold lowest tcmperalurc Thurs day night in Mason City 15 WACS EXCEED QUOTA DCS Moines Floyd R Miller officer in charge of army recruiting in Iowa announced that WAC recruiting in Iowa during March exceeded Hie Minnesota monthly quota set by the Vth service command for the first time in J months Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday continued cold tonight warmer Friday Slowly diminishing winds Thursday night itly cloudy ThursI iuliu airmen steadily pounded away at favorite targets such as RabauE on Ncv Britain and went on to pick out ai new objective P a 1 i n island Pakin hit for the first time Mon day is a significant target be cause it is just IK miles northwest of would make a good base in Amc n hands for the reduction of powerful Truk to the west Pnnape has itself been struck ever harder air blfws in icccnt weeks Ninetythree more tons of bombs fell on reeling Kabnul which after the raid found itself with 39 fewer buildings Tokyo conceded enemy raids on Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier hoy ducted henceforth must come from the group now occupationally de ferred The chances ot obtaining large numbers of fighting men from young farmers now deferred Cos tello said probably would be lessened by Wednesdays decision to abandon the unit system in passing on farm deferments night IN MASON7 CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 25 Minimum Wednesday night 18 At S a m Thursday 21 Snow 1i inches Prccip 08 inch YAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 55 ward lo Hollamlia on the nnrtli coast of Dutch New Guinea and even farther lo Timor in the Dutch East Indies an area long under complete Japanese domin ion A Japanese dispatch said 12 enemy foiircngiiied bombers made the Timor raid Mopup fighting continued on Bougainville in the Solomons where trapped Japanese have been Irving suicidal assaults agsinst Americans dug in near Kmprcss Augusta bay LwowmpQLAND WHERE REDS DRIVE WEST AND av rows indicate where Marshal Zhukovs 1st Ukrainian arm after taking Sadagura and KamenctsPodolsk fanne westward while Marshal Koncvs 2nd Ukrainian arm look Buzovitsky and Skulyany lower ;