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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North lowof Doily Newspaper Edited for Horn MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TNI NIWIFAFII THAT MAKIS ALL NOKTM IOWA MS MIIGHIOIt HOME EDITION TBTUT VOL LVII and United Preu full LMM Wircf MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAKCII 29 Coniiiti Two New Grocer Rules Lower Some Prices i Washington nations retail and wholesale gro cers Thursdayset about shifting a huge volume of food the public a a new method of price controls They are under government orders to complete the trans fer between April 5 and April 30 The office of price stabilization announced 3 regulations Wednesday night putting about 60 per cent of all foods un U S Crusade Against Crime Gains Force der fixed markup percent ages which the agency said are those in effect before the Ko rean outbreak A grocer adds the markup percentage to his cost in order to determine his ceiling price Here is what the new system means to the country First it means a great many up and down movements in food prices depending on the store the locality and the kind of food Price Director Michael V DiSalle said we are sure that there will be more decreases than increases That was cheerful news for the housewife but DiSalle added that a large part of the net reduc tion in prices may be cancelled out if farm prices continue to move up Not Ready Under present law the whole gale and retail prices of most food products must be allowed to rise when necessary to reflect higher farm prices DiSalle facing re porters at a news conference was asked whether he intends to rec ommend a change in the law to permit tighter food controls and he replied were not ready to answer that Second the new system means that DiSalles OPS now has paved the way for definite dollarsand cents ceiling prices figured by the district OPS offices and posted on big charts in the stores OPS officials said this was the single most important aspect of Wednesdaynights action They said this system of com munity pricing may be reached in about 6 months They said theyd like to order it immedi ately because it is the most ef fective and enforceable system of price controls they said food prices in reflecting fluctua tions in farm prices will keep go ing up and down sorapidly for a while that the posted ceilings might beout of date bef orethe poster could be printed and tacked to the wall Effective for Months Meantime officials said the new markup or margin reg ulations will keep food prices un der effective controls for the next few for changes reflecting farm price fluctuations The OPS is following the same pattern that the wartime QPA controls and then community the OPS profiting by OPA experi ence is considerably ahead of the OPA in its timetable April 30 is the deadline for gro cers to complete their changeover Any time after April 5 however a grocer may put each new ceil ing price into effect as soon as he has computed it After April 30 each retail grocer must refigure his ceiling prices every that is on any items for which he had a defferent cost from the cost on which his existing ceiling was figured Under a previous regulation April 30 is also the deadline for retailers of clothing and house furnishings to change to a new system of margin controls The main difference is that those re tailers must figure their own markup percentages by preparing pricing chaits whereas the grocers have their percentages fixed by the government on 38 different food categories Cereals Coffee The 3 regulations cover canned goods baby foods flour cocoa coffee tea breakfast cereals shortening frozen fruits and vege tables mayonnaise rice margar ine dog and cat foods crackers jams and jellies syrups and many other items They do not cover fresh meats fresh fruits fresh vegetables sugar milk bread ice cream candy soft drinks or alcoholic beverages Many of these for be covered by reg ulations of their own The OPS estimated the number of retail food stores at 560000 and the number of wholesalers at 10 000 Retail stores are divided into 4 groups and so are wholesale firms The percentages differ for the groups In general small retail stores are allowed the highest markup percentages as they were under OPA How It Works Pressed by reporters for exam ples of how the new system will affect prices DiSalle listed a few changes that he said will be brought about on particular brands and in one particular grocery checked by OPS But he stressed repeatedly that the same changes would not necos happen to the same items in other stores in different places Council of Churches Urges Morality Drive By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The crusade against crime spearheaded by the Kef auver com mittee and other agencies gained momentum Thursday as a na tional Protestant group urged church action to strengthen the countrys moral fiber Hailing the official crackdown on organized crime the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U S A asked churches ev erywhere to help halt the moral delinquency in our society The councils interim policy making general board condemned socalled innocent forms of gambling such as legalized race track wagers lotteries bingo and the like Contributors The board pointed out that per sons who patronize bookmakers and gambling houses contribute to the coffers of the syndicates and help to corrupt government The council represents 29 de nominations including nearly70 per cent of American Protestants Swelling the national crime busting campaign was an order by New York Gpv Thomas E Dewey calling for a grand jury investigation of gambling at Sara toga Springs NY a racetrack spa Dewey also said he would set up a statewide crime commis sion to study responsibilities of the state and local governments in law enforcement May Extend Committee In Washington republican members of the senate crime probe committee were working to extend the life of the committee which ends this Saturday Senators Wiley and Tobey RN said they hope to get committeeextension ap proval from the senate A New York City policeman meanwhilewas arrested on a per jury of falsely testifying in the perjury trial of a former cop convicted in the Brooklyn rackets probe Across the nation local and state authorities blasted away at known gamblers and race wire services MidContinent Tells CAB of Traffic Rise Washington UR MidCon tinent Airlines officials predicted Thursday they can achieve heavy traffic increases at low cost to themselves and the government if allowed to operate routes now as signed to them in the north cen tral area As evidence they pointed to a spectacular rise in traffic dur ing the time MidContinent has flown from Sioux City to Chicago via Mason City Waterloo and Dubuque Iowa and Rockford 111 That route and a segment between Rockford and Milwaukee are all of the north central routes Mid lontinent has opened since being awarded them last summer Officials have stated at current nearings that the civil aeronautics board asked them not to open the other routes including service hrough Wisconsin between Chi cago and MinneapolisSt Paul until a new decision is reached on the need for the service John A Cunningham vice pres ident for operations told CAB Ex aminer Warren E Baker that in order to serve all points on routes that have facilities MidConti nents additional investment would be To serve all points authorized including those that nave yet to provide airport facili ties would require 3508739 he said Here is a list he gave for the one store checked Peas a No 2 can up 1 cent from 20 to 21 cents Peaches No 21 can down 2 cents from 33 to 31 cents Sliced pineapple No 2J can down 1 cent from 35 to 34 cents Tuna No onehalf can up 1 cent from 39 to 40 cents Corn flakes package down 1 cent from 21 to 20 cents AP Wirephoto AFTER YOUMR what Pres ident Truman seems to be saying to President Vincent Auriol of France as they leave Union station in Washington Wednesday for theride up Pennsylvania avenue in an open automobile The French chief executive is here for a 5day state visit Auriol Soys France Will Resist Reds By JOHN SCALI Washington Vin cent Auriol of France Thursday pledged his nation and its people will do all within our power not only to resist aggression should it occur but to deter it and save the He asserted any charge that the French will iiot fight to repel ag gression is an insult as cruel as it is unjust The French chief of state spoke for his country in an address pre pared for a National Press club luncheon He appealed to Americans to judge the French not according to partisan propaganda or to the criticisms of people without re Rather he insisted France should bejudged by facts fig ures and accordingto the faithfulness of France to her past to her ideals and to her friendship The 66yearold president de voted a major part of his address to denouncing criticism of Frances will to fight if Russia attacks He said some critics claim France is without thews and sinews The insistence with which such accusations are rriade even though explained by inaccurate informa tion or partisan passions in the long run constitute an insult as cruel as it is unjust Heavy Rains Raise Streams Des Moines Additional heavy rains ranging in some spots mp to more than anL inch soaked the state Wednesday night and raised the possibility Thurs day of more flooding However chill northerly winds were holding temperatures down and the weather bureau said the cooler weather would slow down the thawing process and permit some of the excess water tovflow off Western Iowa continued to be the hardest hit from Overflowing streams Some families have had to leave their homes Muddy and flooded roads were causing many northwestern Iowa schools to close The highway patrol reported that 4 western Iowa highways were blocked by flood waters Highway 37 was blocked mile east of Turin and a i mile east of Soldier where a bridge is out Highway 2 is closed east of Sid ney and highway 175 north of Turin 3 Yanks Convicted as Atom Spies Death Possible for Capital Crime New York federal court jury Thursday convicteoV3Ameri can citizens two men and a being atom spies for Russia It returned its verdict af 10 a m C S T after deliberating the fateof the 3 defendants for 18minutes The convicted trio accused of the capital offense of wartime espionagewere Julius Rosenberg 34 year oldelectrical engineer his petite darkhaired wife Ethel 35 and Radar Expert Morton Sobell 33 All are City Sad Day Federal Judge Irving R Kauf man set April 5 for imposition of sentence The death sentence was not mentioned during the trial but Judge Kaufman told the jury Wednesday night he alone would determine the severity of sentence After congratulating the jurors Judge Kaufman said solemnly I must say as an individual that I cannot be happy because it is a sad day ifor America That citizens should lend themselves to the destruction of their own coun try by the most destructive weapon known is so shocking that I cant find words to describe the loathsome offense The jury had weighed the fate of the 3 defendants for one hour and two minutes Thursday after being locked up for the night The trio was accused of relaying atom secrets to an international red spy ring headed by Klaus Fuchs until his arrest in England early last year The secrets the goyernrnent contended included drawingsof the a torn bomb dropped in Nagasaki Japan in 1945 The governments star witness in the sensational case was David Greeriglass brother of EthelRos enberg Greenglasswho pleaded uilty to the espionage indictment is awaiting sentence for his part the plot One Fugitive The espionage indictment also named a 5th defendant Anatoli A Yakovlev who is now believed to have fled to the sanctuary of Russia Greenglass is a former army technician who served at the atomic homb center at Los Alamos New Mex He said the information he obtained there wasturned over by him to the Rosenbergs for relay to the Russians The jury of 11 men and one woman filed back into the court room a minute before Federal Judge Irving R Kaufman had mounted the bench Only Mrs Rosenberg showed any sign of emotion as the verdicts were announced She shook her head slightly then stared grimly at the floor of the courtroom Sobell and Rosenberg sat calmly in their chairs staring intently at the jurors CITY MANAGER NAMED Duhuque Verne J Schlitz 41 Dubuque county engir necr since 1937 has been named Dubuque city manager at a salary of a year EXAMINE MRS MAXWELL DCS Moincs Judge C Edwin Moore has approved the application of County Attorney Clyde E Herring for appointment of 3 Des Moines psychiatrists to examine Mrs Doris V Maxwell 58 Mrs Maxwell is charged with the 1948 ax slaying of her invalid husband William 100 NEW MEMBERS Dubuque than TOO now memberswill join the Du buque assembly 4th degree Knights of Columbus in cere monies here Sunday China Calls MacArthur Peace Bid Max Martin Sentenced to Death Greenfield Judge Phil R Wilkinson Thursday sen tenced Max B Martin 28 to death for the slaying of Mrs Kathryn Ann Schrader Martin showed little emotion when the judge decreed following an hourlong hearing that Martin should die by hanging at Fort Mad ison state penitentiary on April 2 1952 for the slaying Martin pleaded guilty Wednes day to a first degree murder in dictment returned against him for fatally wounding the Adair county farm wife mother of two children Judge Wilkinson said I can feel no pity for this de fendant Knew Family This crime seems more terrible because in other years I have known the family of the slain woman I feel that if I were only to send this boy to prison for lifejt would be remiss as a judge It is therefore the judgment of this court that Max Burnell Martin be taken to the county jail and thence to the state penitentiary at Fort Madison and kept there until the second day of April 1952 and then and there he hanged by the neck until dead Martin himself was silent through the session His counsel Geo D Musmaker Sr a longtime friend of the a cuseds family pleaded for life im prisonment He said that the needs of justice would be fully served by the more lenient penalty Demanded Death But County Attorney Clare Wil liamson and former county attor ney W W Don Carlos who pre sented the states case demanded the death penalty They traced his record including a years im prisonmentfor beating his mother Mrs Claude Martin in 1948 After that conviction Martin was examined at the state psycho pathic hospital Iowa City and pronounced dangerous to the community by Dr Wilbur Miller the hospital head It was recom mended that Martin be confined to the criminally insane ward at reformatory The recommendation was not followedA later mental examina tion held himto be sane and he was released from Anamosa after satisfying a penalty of a months additional imprisonment for mis conduct there Mrs Schrader 25 was slam at her farm home on January 19 Martin confessed shooting her twice in the chest and abdomen and said he got mad because she refused him some gasoline for his auto Kitts Sheds Bright Suit for Prisoner Garb Lincoln Kenneth Kitts the dapper Omahan who facesi prisonterms totaling 42 years for burglary has shed his immaculate blue business suit for prison den im and a new haircut Thursday j Kitts sentenced to 12 years in the Nebraska penitentiary on an habitual criminal charge after an attempted burglary of the South Omaha Eagles lodge hall in 1947 was brought to the prison Wed nesday from Sioux City by 3 U S marshals Asked by a reporter what he was going to do when he got out Kitts answered Retire on an old age pension When his Nebraska sentence is faces a 30year fed eral sentence imposed for a 000 Laurens bank robbery which he called a bum rap I was strictly framed Kitts said Kitts came to the prison wear ing a handtailored suit He traded it for denims and was put in the barber chair for a prison shave He consented to having his picture taken Kitts said he knew some of the guys down here The barber ing is better than on the outside and the food is fine He has served two earlier terms here one for 9 months in 1941 and another for 28 months in 1944 AP WJrepholo AID FOR AN Nicholas Riegler Little Rcfck Ark first cavalry division medical officer gives first aid to a Republic of Korea nurse on the banks of the Pukhan river 9n Korean central front The nUrse only female among 11 South Korean prisoners whoescapedfrom Chi nese captors was brought to safety by a UN patrol She was sent to the rear for typhus treatment Reds Mass for Spring 1 Push When Rains Fall Tokyo Australian Diggers and Canadian Princess Pats rolled up sizable gains Thursday on the muddycentra Korean front But elsewhere in the central and western sectors the communists fought their stiffest defensive ac tion of weeks They were dug in about 4 miles south of the red Korean border In both areas MacArthurs headquarters told of red troop and supply movements which indicated the communists might be mass ing for a spring offensive timed to strike when Aprils sea sonal rains bog down the allied heavy weapons The British Commonwealth forces racked up their gains in rugged country northwest of Kapyong Aussie and Ca nadian troops forded rushing SAME White menus no truffle rieMh past 24 flours streams and scrambled over hills soggy with 3 days of ram Kapyong is 12 miles south of the border and 12 miles southwest of Chunchon on the road to Seoul Allies Slowed The Chinese Thursday fought their stiffest action in weeks north of Munsan oh the western front Firing from dugin positions about 4 miles south of the border they all but stopped the allied advance in the west Filipino troops made small gains in one sector Grenadetossing reds drove American infantrymen off a 1000 foot crest north of Uijongbu dur ing the night But they withdrew mysteriously to another hill and the Americarisreoccupied the crest at dawn without a fight In centralKorea a strong red stand repulsed American patrols on a 7 mile wide front The com munists were fighting half way between the border andChunchon which is 3 miles south of 38 On theeastern front South Ko reans roamed 6 miles into the red lands But that sector was re garded as relatively unimportant militarily since the bulk of the communist forces were on the western and central fronts Concentration MacArthurs Thursday com muniques said the pattern of ve hicular movement in enemy areas indicates a continued effort to support a strong concentration be hind the central front Thiscould be the buildup for a spring drive or a border stand But rumors of a big deal spread quickly along the front when it became known that Lt Gen Matthew B Ridgway com mander of the U S 8th army had conferred separately and Wednesday with his corps com manders and with U S Ambas sador John J Muccio Eighth army sources said how ever that the meetings were not related and ha dno political sig nificance Rear Adm Allan E Smith com mander of the UN sea blockade and escort force told a news con ference that allied warships had blasted 3 red communications cen ters on the east coast into ghost towns They were the ports off Wonsan Songjin and Chongjinl Wonsan was shelled for 41 straight days and Songjin for 21 Commies Fear UN Invasion Tokyo Red re buffed General MacArthur8 peace bid Thursday as imper tinent insulting and worth only a single laugh A communist broadcast from Peiping said the entire Chinese people will fight unrelentingly until the ag gressor is completely driven from Korea It gave the Chinese a dis torted version of MacArthurs statement of last Saturday The broadcast said MacAr thur has declared that the United States and Britain are preparing to directly invade China MacArthur in offering to talk peacewith1 the communist com mander in Korea warned that China would face military disas ter if the UN should carry the war to its shores Dwble Tnvble The UN top commander already was in hot water with Washing ton administration officials lor what werecalled political aspects of his peace talk offer MacArthurhad emphasised that a peace settlement must fit into UN objective for a Unified independent Korea ijS Twisting his proposal into propaganda boomerangvthe com munists called on Chinas million to fight to the finish V For the first tiineChinafspoke of the people as committed toa sacred struggle for the defense of their Previously redChina called her in Korea fvolunteeral TheChinese IjMuagilfbroad cast said the tee for the had termed the sultine to the people of Korea and China jTsr A S Protests Reef Shooting at Yank Buses Berlin Germany UR The United States protested to Russia Thursday against the attack by East Berlin communist police on 4 sightseeing buses filled with American soldiers and their fami lies Wednesday It was revealed that Mrs Lauris Norstad wife of the American air force commander in Europe was on one of the buses which were fired on as they emerged from the soviet sector into the central Pots damerplatz The U S protest was made by Maj Gen Lemuel Mathewson U C commander in Berlin to Sergei Dengin soviet representative here Mathewson charged that the shooting at the touristsincluding 12 children was a deliberate un provoked attack Dengin promised a complete an army announce ment said Mathewson before going to see Dengin ordered that sight seeing trips be continued on schedule Thenext one is set for Saturday About the WEATHER Mason Clearing Thursday night and Friday Low Thurs night 25 Warmer Friday high 44 Iowa Clearing and a little colder Thursday night Lows Thursday night 2428 north 2630 south Friday fairand a little warmer in afternoon high 4045 Winds variable 1015 Friday Further Outlook Lows Friday night 28 30 Increasing cloudiness am warmer 4850 Minnesota Fair and a little colder Thursday night Friday fair somewhat warmer in afternoon Low Thursday night near 15 north to 20 south High Friday 3035 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8a m Maximum 35 Minimum 31 At 8 a m 31 Precipitation 48 Snow fall trace pertinent and is worth only single laugh said the broadcast heard in Tokyo by News agency It has declaredthat the United States and Britain arepreparing to directly invade China I ft The entire Chinese people will step up its sacred i struggle forthe defense of their will continue to fight unrelentingly until the aggressor is completely driven from Korea r This belated reply to1 General MacArthurs March 24 statement came after it had stirred up criti cal reaction both in Washington and London rt Ontheftapes MacArthur before departing March 24 for his 14th visit to the Korean front said in Red China isvon the t4n Korea Herwarmaking potential has been cut down by allied planes and warships She lacks the indus trial knowhow Any extension of the war to Chinas own shores would be disastrous for the com munists Hes willing to meet the red J commanderinchief in the field and bring an end to Hie only in the UN pattern Peipings broadcast called Mac Arthurs theorgpcal mention of extending the war to China an outright invasion declaration The broadcast said The invasion of Korea by the United States and Great Britain had from the beginning the prune purpose of invading China They have not rescinded the shameless resolution branding China as an aggressor and have rejected settlement of the Korean problem by peaceful negotiations proposed by our country and others Coast Guard Soys Missing Schooner Is Contacted Miami Fla The coast guard received a report Thursday that a fishing boat had made con tact with the missing schooner Tropicair and its 8girl crew and male skipper off Floridas west coast The coast guard announced the unconfirmed report at St Peters burg It was relayed by a fishing boat and said the missing schooner had been sighted Wednesday 60 miles southwest of Venice Fla The fishermen reported they ve the Tropicair a course bear ing on Venice The schooner was aroceeding under auxiliary power Coast guard officials said that under prevailing weather condi ions it would take the Tropicair some time to cover the 95 miles to its home port at St Petersburg v ;