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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THS NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOVVANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires CenU a Copy MASON C1XX IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 29 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 117 INSIDE WASHINGTON Spring Brings Washington Annual Thrill and Beauty By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist town makes me very mad sometimes I Kay This place is too lull of prima donnas I want to go off where there arent so many important people I want to go where there one big frog in a nice lit tle puddle It would be nice if that puf fedup frog were me But here the pressure of personalities and of headlinemakers is so terrific thatyou find yourself exhausted from the struggle of trying to make other people think you are im portant too I think and say all these duml things And wonder what would be the best faraway spot for res and refreshment of the spirit And then here comes spring to the city on the Potomac The whole place hums with excitement Tree swell up poetic word burgeon with next weeks young green leaves Golden forsythia lights th highways and bypaths and th garden gates Little birds that ar only an encouraging voica in treetop youre too lazy to sigh twitter like the dickens aboii something or other In the zoo giraffes and tears end other fauna produce young in time for the Sunday sightseers and the cameramen The Wash ington monument and the Lincoln memorial argue for shadow space in the reflecting pool down in Potomac park Hundreds of new spring chapeaux burst into flower on tops of assorted quantities of gray matter On Sunday I even saw walkingsticks swinging from goldbraided arms along the Con necticut avenue promenade Often The bonnets that bloom in the spring trala Have nothing to do with the Often the bonnets are Leaning Towers of Pisa though they do say the tall and frightening turban was old in Fraaanz 6 months Sometimes you sight on a female head a swirl of tulle whipped up with an eggbeater and decorated with a fresh orchid Conversation pieces these spots of millinery Done up with inno cent insanity Ah no dear On the contrary Pieces of determined guile Done on purpose as an art tidote to too much female inde 1ST ARMY DRIVES 40 MILES REDS ADVANCE TO POINTS ON AUSTRIAN LINE Capture Cebu Capital Push for Airdrome Manila troops captured Cebus burned and blasted capital city and speared northward Thursday in a drive that may have overrun the Lahug airdrome Cebu City 2nd largest city in the Philippines fell to units of the American division which ad vanced 5 miles in one day and out flanked elaborate Japanese pill box fortifications on the capitals western approaches The city once one of the most beautiful in the archipelago was damaged nearly as badly as Ma Marshal Stalin a n it ou uc ed j nila Demolition fires started by Reach Border at Koszeg 42 Miles South of Vienna London JF The red army breaking through the Germans fortified zone of northwestern Hungary in a surge up the Danube valley has reached the Austrian border Thursday night the border was reached at Koszeg 42 miles south of Vienna and 20 miles west of Sarvar captured Wednesday K a p u v a r and Szombathely trongholcis in the extreme west rn part of Hungary were cap ured in the sweep Stalin an 10 u need The big Stalin tanks and ar mored cars of Marshal Feodor olbukhins 3rd Ukrainian army imashing ahead from captured Dsorna hammered at the defenses of Pamhagen 3 miles southeast 1 of Vienna St Johann on the fron ter to the northeast and Kloson near the Danube 21 mites southeast of Bratislava Moscow dispatches said Whether the units which fought their way to the frontier planned to remain or whether these were scouting groups feeling out the strength of the muchheralded fortified zone is not known said a dispatch from A P Correspon dent Eddy Gilmore The German communique an nounced a withdrawal north of the Danube to the Nitra river and a 25mile advance by the Russians from the broken Hroii river line This push in Slovakia dovetail ing with the assault below the great fiver of southeastern Eur ope apparently placed the Rus sians close to thecity of Nitra 40 peridehce give men the Jniles eastpfi Bratislava Capita the DUDoet government or Slo the Japanese when the Americans landed Monday practically wiped out the business district and many residential sections The port area was reportedly found undamaged however and he excellent harbor 2nd only to Manila will be able to accommo date shipping and naval vessels almost immediately The flanking maneuver by he Americans again caught the Japa nese off guard and thc enemy hastily evacuated wellplaced pill oxes and buried tank defenses as he troops entered the city from the north and northwest Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique said the conquest of the capital city was achieved with relatively light casualties After occupying the eity the American units immediately start ed toward the Lahug airdrome 1 mile to the north under a cover of fighterbombers from the 13th air force With the Japanese defenses dis organized and the planes blasting a path ahead the U S forces may already have seized the airdrome with its 2 flying strips A Japanese midget submarine attempted to flee Cebus harbor Monday night but was caught by a PT boat and damaged so badly it was believed to have sunk traditional women crazy Did Eayi you ever see anything like the stuff they piit on their heads and call hats Spring the foolish overeager thing has got into the minds and the bones of the young intelli gentsia Naturally Waiting in line yesterday at the grocery store clasping a ticket marked 25 show ing my turn at the red point di vision I overheard 2 school teach ers talking declare my pupils are harder to manage than theyve been all this unmanageable year said 1 of the 2 Not a child in the entire class is in the least interested in knowing anything or has the least respect for authority AH of them are chronically disobedient Youre telling me said the other with pleasant lack of con versational grammar Mine pay absolutely no attention to what I am saying When I turn my back I suddenly find groups of them standing at the window looking out And when I say Children dont you know this is against the rules every last one of them has the same Dont fence me in GERMANYS SHRINKING areas indi cate territory held by Germany at the peak of the wehiv macbts conquests but since lost Shaded region is terri tory remainingunder German1 control Washington likely w o nt be having its usual sightseers this spring No egg rollers or such Wisely directed visitors if any will skip those blocks and blocks of hideous streets thick with dirt underfoot andmade of rundown houses and shacks The famous beauty of Washington is highly concentrated in a few neighbor hoods Smartly directed sightseers wil look for those shining marble temples along Constitution avenue department of agriculture commerce and such So alike are these temples that old residents forget they exist in the rush to make the green traffic lights The FanAmerican union is still th most romantic building in town and the old Smithsonian the fun niest The Smithsonian its lilai pleasantly dulled by age i a joy to the architectural noncon formist Hock Creek park is still th sweetest place in town Noood yet has cut its slow windin roads into the sort of stivers tha make Potomac park and tha which was once the lovely M Vernon boulevard a kind of noodle soup highway ofthe puppet government Slo vakia and possibly as close as 30 miles to the border of Moravia There was no word of the co ordinated offensive of Marshal van Konev from Silesia toward Vienna and Prague from the northeast but the Russians were heavily bombing Maehrisch Os trau in the Moravian gap in their approach from that direction In the north the German com munique announced the evacua tion of Kahlholz cape their last toehold on the East Prussian mainland except north of Koe nigsberg and said they had with drawn to the Frische Nehrung a narrow sandspit extending from Danzig almost to Koenigsberg be tween the sea and the Frisches la goon The Russians reached the cen r of Danzig left alone by the fall f the rival Polish port of idynia nearby and the Germans rere giving up in large numbers n the citys main streets and Ciuares The Germans said the great itys port and harbor installations vere destroyed and only the old ortress area was being held Mos cow dispatches said most of the commanders had abandoned their roops escaping by sea and a few submarines were still lurking communique disclosed that an enemy plane attempted to bomb the landing beaches at Tali say 5 miles south of Cebu city Monday night but failed to cause any damage American bombers and fighters again raked the remaining Jap anese positions on Luzon in the northern Philippines in support of the ground forces The attacks were centered around Baguio for mer summer capital in the north and at Legaspi in the southeast ern tip where liberators unloaded 180 tons of explosives on port installations MacArthurs communique noted that enemy resistance in the south and central sectors of Luzon had definitely abated due to his great losses which can not be replaced Heavy fighting continued in thc northern sector however partic ularly in the Baguio sector and and Baletc pass to the southeast Liberator bombers worked over virtually neutralized Formosa again Monday Seventytwo tons ol bombs ripped up the dock area and damaged ships undergoing repair at Takao on the southwest coast The previous night patrol planes set off a tremendous blast which lit up tlie entire Keclung water front about hoping to rescue more of the officers Fall of the city icemed likely to come abruptly A German plan to evacuate Gdynia was broken up Wednesday when the Russians rushed in and captured 9000 Germans standing at the docks The early fall of Koenigsberg capital of East Prussia also was probable The populationwas re ported reduced to the meat of dogs and cats for food Pamhagen is 40 miles south of Bratislava and 17 miles west of Csoraa It is just inside the Aus trian frontier 15 miles east of the stronghold of Sopron at the south ern end of Neusiedier lake Moson is 20 miles northwest ofj captured Gyor CANNING SUGAR Des Moines sup plies of canning sugar will aver age 10 pounds for each ration book 4 Clarence Turner district office of price administration food rep resentative said Wednesday Last year a 5pound allotment was made by validating a ration stamp and more was available on appli cation AH will be allotted through special application this year he said Senate Postpones Final Vote on Manpower Bill Until Next Week Washington Admimstra Curfew Bell Rouses Volunteer Firemen Scobey MonU author ities recently decided to help the entertainment curfew along by ringing the town fire bell every one group of citi zens was not informed The bell clanged loudly About 30 volunteer firemen leaped from cozy beds and hur ried to their apparatus buttoning and zippering on the way WORKER DRIVE Des Moines houseto house canvass started in Des Moines Thursday to find new workers for laborshort war plants The canvassing is being done by 100 WACs from Fort Des Moines LIQOORTAX 5 Per Cent Will Go to Municipal Funds Des Moines IP The house Thursday voted 84 to 15 lo im pose a 5 per cent tax on all state liquor store sales the money to go to cities and towns The lax is expected to raise 5930000 a year The bill now goes to the senate The measure as passed by the house would put the revenue in city and town general funds to be expended at the discretion of the municipalities Proponents of the bill said that state liquor stores do not pay taxes and thus receive the bene fits of police protection lighting and use pavements without any cost They argued that the tax would help cities and towns fi nance these benefits Opposition to the bill was led by Rep A H Avery R who said the increase in costs of liquors would encourage bootleg gers It was stated that the tax would mean an income of about 50 cents per capita and Avery criti cized this as being a small sum to help cities and towns cope with liquor problems There was no attempt during ihe debate to earmark the tax for the specific enforcement of liquor laws Several lawmakers had sug gested earlier in the session that some liquor store profits should be turned over to municipalities to help enforce such laws The money would be allocated to all incorporated cities and towns on a population basis The 5 per cent tax plan grew out ot a bill which would have diverted Japs Claim Yank Invasion Fleet Approaching Okinawa Continued Raids on Ryukyu Guam reported Thursday that nn American invasion fleet was all directions on Okinawa island the en emys navy base in the Ryukyu chain Tokyo radio said American iet planes joined carrier aircraft in continuing raids on the homeland The enemy claimed that Amer ican landing forces on Tokoshika island west of Okinawa have been completely wiped out by Wednesday a Pacific fleet com munique said Japanese broadcasts said lhal several American carrier planes raided Kyushu Shikoku and Hou the Japanese garrison using heavy shu 3 of the main enemy home artillery and mortars Official American sources have not con firmed repeated Japanese reports of V S landings on Tokoshika and Aka in thc small Kerama chain Enemy naval forces and trans ports said Tokyo continue to increase in numbers in the Oki islands Thursday Thc attack on Kyushu southernmost of the Japanese mainland was the 2nd in as many days by carrier planes according to Tokyo The raid on Honshu the broadcast said was centered in the Kurc naval base area which was heavily hit by planes from a task force on March 19 nawa waters They are coming in from all directions Tokyo said the American as sault units in the Keramtis are stranded with the American in vasion fleet cut to pieces by thc Japanese air arm Chinese Central News agency report from the Fukien province coast that choas prevailed in j Formosa where Japanese author ities reportedly were expecting an allied offensive Civilians were reported evacuated from nit coast lies Moincs school cod areas bill to progressively increase th Tokyo radio said feverish minimum qualifications for teach fighting was continuing in the j ers until August 31 1052 and j tion leaders decided informally Thursday to postpone the final senate vote on the manpower bill until next week Privately less optimistic about the prospect for senate acceptance the administration forces sparred for time in an effort to persuade some of their absent senators to return to the capital Majority Leader Barkley and Senator Thomas D floor manager for the bill were called to the white house Thursday for a discussion of the situation with President Roosevelt Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Thursday night and Friday Lowest about 30 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night preceded by showers in southeast portion Thursday aft ernoon and early Thursday night Cooler in central and cast portions Friday fair Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday no important change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Statistics HOUSE PASSES 11 THC ODE BILL Deals With Minimum Teacher Requirements Miners Vote fiunsStol for Strike Washington me over vhelming ratio of 8 to 1 the na ions 400000 soft coal miners ad ised the government Thursday hat they are ready to strike if heir new contract demands are not granted in the next 2 days The strike notice expressed in i countrywide poll conducted by he national labor relations board sharpened prospects for early gov ernment intervention in the dis pute lo prevent a work stoppage when the present contract expires at midnight Saturday The NLRB announced that com plete returns from the poll showed that 208713 miners favored a war time strike and 25156 opposed it as a means of enforcing their wage demands A total ol 311281 miners were eligible for the balloting Of that number 236118 voted with 1518 ballots declared void and 1026 challenged The final result were sent to President Roosevelt as required by the SmitliConmilly antistrike act under whose provisions the 5300000 poll was conducted REPORT ALLIES NEARHANNOVER NORTH OF RUHR Security Blackout Masks 3rd Army Moves in Central Germany BULLETIN Paris U S 1st army wheeled north in a 40mile spurt which came within 68 miles of cutting off the Uuhr Thursday and the 3rd army raced to within 133 miles of Berlin Paris U S first army wheeled north Thursday in a 40 mile burst of speed which threat ened to cut off the Ruhr It ad vanced to the area oE Langwiesse only 48 miles southeast of Hamm eastern exit of the industrial basin and reached Frankenberg southeast of Langwiesse and 200 miles southwest of Berlin All over the front British and American troops raced through wide breaks in German lines North of the Ruhr they were re ported menacing Hannover 142 miles west of Berlin The first arrays surge placed it within 78 miles of Muenster also menaced by the forces north of the Ruhr The third army also was adr vatrcinff along the southeastern flank of the first army but most of the front was under a news blackout which prevented full disclosure of whereabouts of the probing columns of armor and tankriding infantry Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges lifted the veil of his first army to permit disclosure of his north ward swing after a 36 hour si lenco but even then outrun com munication prevented announce ment of the full extent his penetration To the north it was known that the British second army had nude a 20 mile advancer The 1J S ninth army fighting along and into the northern fringe of the Ruhr made another li mile ad vance along Hitlers broad high ways tearing up only an occa sional enemy pocket of resistance Haltern 20 miles northwest of Dortmund and 35 miles west o Hamm largest freight yard in Germany was captured by the Ruhr ran up ninth Buisburg in Ihe the white flag Hamborn Weisboden Hanau Aschafferifaurs and the northern half of Mannheim fell to General Eisenhowers victory lushed armies fighting up lo 145 miles deep in Germany The nearest first army approach to Berlin was at Amoeueburp 85 miles beyond the Ithiiic and 255 from Russian siege lines in the east The first and 3rd armies scored advances of 20 miles or more overnight capturing the important Labii river traffic cen ter of Marburg without opposi tion The 7th army fighting 38 miles east of the Hhine on a solid front with the 3rd and first armies vir tually encircled the last defenders of Mannheim by crossing the Neckar river near that chemical center The 7th also crossed the MjiJil south of Asclmffenbtirg at points eist of Schweinhoim and half the profits of the state liquor system to municipalities That would have given them approxi mately 32000000 a year That plan was opposed on the grounds that it would cut down the money that now goes into the state general fund to a point where a state property tax would have to be restored Liquor store profits now go into the state general fund The substituted 5 per cent plan would not affect the normal prof its of the liquor commission and they still would go into the gen eral fund Those backing the 5 per cent ax bill contended that the small increase it would make in liquor prices would not tend to increase bootlegging They asserted that even with an increase In prtcet liquor sold at the state stores would be cheaper than in adjoin ing states Kerama islands west of Okinawa with 20 to 30 American trans ports attempting to land rein forcements It said other trans ports were south of Okinawa for possible landing attempts on Okinawa and Okino Daito 250 miles to the southeast One broadcast said that Okino Daito also was brought under the American bombardment Tokyo radio meantime dis closed that Japanese torpedo boat units had taken part in the at tacks on the American naval forces The torpedo boats may have been the surface units re ferred to in the Japanese com munique Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from JOUT GlobeGazette carrier boy Maximum Wednesday 57 Minimum Wednesday 34 At 8 a m Thursday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum 11 Precipitation 10 PURPLE HEART GROUP Des Moines The 3rd Purple Heart platoon to be re cruited for the womens army corps in Iowa left Wednesday night for Fort Oglethorpe Ga for basic training alter which the j women will be assigned to Schick I General in Clinton Iowa Tokyo also announced mmai day that about 60 enemy planes thereafter abolish high school normal training courses was passed by the house Thursday 75 to 20 The measure which is the llth school code bill passed by the house now goes back to the sen ate for concurrence in an amend ment The amendment would make the bill workable whether another school code measure pro viding for reorganization of the state department of public in struction passes or not After August 31 1952 2 years of college training would be re quired of all public school teach ers At present some schools hire teachers who have taken only a Thursi 3month normal training course Although those favoring the With coal stockpiles Hearing the i Niedernberg lowest point since Pear Harbor American and British armored the government was certain to ake any step necessary to keep he miners courses of raided Formosa for 3i hours Thursday dropping bombs on air fields and installations at Tainan Takao and Taichu Earlier Tokyo reported that several American carrierborne planes had attacked the Kure naval base area on the southeast coast of Honshu and southern Kyushu Pacific fleet headquarters re mained silent on the enemy claims but said American war ships and carrier planes damaged up to 19 Japanese ships and de stroyed 38 planes in bombard ment of the Okinawa area Sunday through Tuesday The bombardment which in cluded a heavy attack on the sub marine pens at Unten Bay on Okinawas west coast continued measure called it one of the most mpoitant of the school code bills on the job government action vould be seizure of the mines or certification of the case to the war labor board with an appeal or temporary extension of the old contract Meanwhile the wage discuss ions between UMAX President John L Lewis and soft coal op erators went into the 26th day with little apparent progress Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins was reported to have held secret meetings with both Lewis and Charles ONeill operators spokesman in an effort to break the deadlock over the miners new contract demands One informed source said Miss Perkins may appear again before the joint wage conference to re new her plea for a settlement ol differences before the contract ex pires She said after her first liatllc teams north ol the Ruhr raced 20 miles across the West plialian plains to the approaches Muenslcr in exploiting a breakthrough so thoroughly that Kiel Marshal Montgomery im posed strict security silence be cause of the rapidity of present operations This suggested a mo mentous victory was being fashioned At Amoencburg Lt ney H Hodges racing armor was 95 miles southeast of Mucnsler and in position lo curl around the whole outflanked to German war trap its myriad defenders in con junction with the 2Isl army group racing across the Westphalian flats Hodges also was 152 miles west of Germanys 5th city and 255 from Russian lines His troops and those of the 3rd army it was attacked vigorously on the visitTuesday that she expected sround that it would deny certij thc partjcs to an agreement by Saturday night Miss Perkins by far thc mosl optimistic on the prospects of an early agreement reportedly has decided to withhold certification of the dispute to the WLB until Thursday night or Friday If the parties fail to agree on a con tract she is expected to appeal for an extension of the present contract formed falling 3 more linkups west of Frankfurt on he Main ficates to many good teachers and would deprive many prospective teachers of the opportunity of ob taining the required training In our haste for higher educa tion we should not do injury to education in the long run Rep G T Kuester RGriswold said in referring to the fact that high school normal training courses would be abolished Rep Albert Steinberg R Ames countered with For other professions you demand the high est standards You dont want anyone to treat your horse or dog or cat unless they have had pro fessional training SEES POPE Vatican City UR Pope Thc armies both commanded by Gen Omar N Bradley also joined hands at Katnbcrg and Idstetn southeast of Limburg Lt Gen George S PaUons hardhitting winged foot 4th armored division crashing along the FrankfurtLeipzig superhigh way advanced 19 miles in a day and reached Gruenberg 214 miles from Berlin and 14 east of cap tured Giessen One prong of the breakthrough division advanced 8 miles northeast to near Belter sham south of the main Berlin Frankfurt superhighway Pius Frankfurt itself was all but received Rep Clare Boothe Luce conquered More than half of that R Conn Thursday in private audience largest city of great I chemical and electrical equipment V sioye m 11 ;