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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY AND U 0 M C S I i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 29 1944 Patterson Urges 4Fs Get Labor Assignment STRESSES NEED FOR MORE MEN IN WAR EFFORT Undersecretary Calk for Controls Over Men Rejected by Military Washington IP Undersecre tary of War Robert P Patterson told the house military commit tee Wednesday the time had ar rived for 3500000 4Fs between the ages of 18 and 37 to be as signed to essential industry or to be inducted into the army in la bor battalions face an actual danger Patterson said as the committee continued its study of the man situation It seems quite plain that some method of con trolling the utilization of 4Fs in essential war work more exten sively than under existing prac tice would promote the winning of the war One method to utilize the 4Fs he explained would be by enact ment of national service legisla tion applicable to men between 18 and 37 who have been classi fied as physically disqualified to perform military service He said assignment of such men to essen tial activities could be under con trol of a director of national service Another method would be b extension of the present selective service mechanism he said The 4Fs in war activily or other es sential activity would be giver occupational deferments and would remain as before The 4Fs not in war activity or other essen tial activity and found by the lo cal boards to be qualified for such activity would be inducted anc placed in the enlisted reserve As the need for additional workers in an essential activity became evident he explained the men assigned to the enlisted re serve would be directed by local boards to take employment ii snch activity retaining their ci vilian status and receiving thc wages and other ordinary inci dents of civilian employment Men directed into essential em ployment and refusing to go he declared would be called by the army lo active military service and would be used in special labor units Patterson added however it i reasonable to expect that most o the men directed to accept civiliai employment would do so He said he believed the plan could be put into operatioi through joint action ot existinj war agencies although an amend ment to the selective service ac would be desirable In Ihe absence of legislation Patterson told the committee var ious questions might he raised a to the status of men in the enlistei reserve so far as might concern bonuses and disability benefits With suitable amendments said legislation along the lines o a bill inlroduced recently by Rep Luce R Conn lo establish work corps would accomplish the pur pose Patterson rcHeraled that th current manpower problem calls fpr passage of national service legislation applicable lo all men and women of working age and enforcing an obligation on the part of everyone to do his or her share in aiding the fighting forces The war department he de clared has not changed its posi tion in favor of national service legislation However he added if we are not to have national service leg islation promptly I believe there is solid merit in thc proposal to bring about better utilization on the part of civilian activities es sential to the war of the men of military age who have been clas sified as physically unfit for mil itary Patterson estimated that about 1000000 4Fs capable of working are engaged in occupations not ab solutely essential to the war adding that it was a matter of common knowledge that many of them are contributing nothing that is of material assistance to the men who are doing the fight hose department was represented Tuesday by Paul V McNutt war manpower chair man as not favoring induction of made a survey of the situation Chairman Costello disclosed and may be ready to agree to use of rejected men for nongeneral service Some method must be worked out to use these men Costello said Thousands of them arc younger men whose disabilities while sufficient to prevent their acceptance for combat duty are not grave enough to prevent them from taking an esesnlial war job ami releasing a physicallyfit young man for combat Costello said testimony given This Paper Consists of Two One NO 149 away his money halted traffic on a Windsor street Wednesday morning by opening the window of his 4th floor room in the Prince Edward hotel and tossing in dollar bills and silver into thc street Automobile brakes screeched as drivers pulled to a stop and joined pedestrians in the scramble When McLean finished empty ing the money from a bank bag there were 500 people jammed in Ihe street room McLean said I like to see people happy This is the way I spread joy among mankind The incident climaxed several other moneydistributing events of McLeans visit here LateTues clay night he walked into the po lice station and gave the desk sergeant a check for 55000 say ing This is for your burial fund A holel telephone operator who McLean said handled his long dis lance calls efficiently received S500 in quarters a chambermaid received S100 in quarters Capping his days activities Mc Lean obtained another bag of money from the bank moved to thc NortonPalmer hotel and re peated the moneytossing per formance from a room there ALLIED FORCES Rejs Caoture Kolomea uiiTunDAUiu nil1XCUO c ivuiimicd WIIHDKAWNuNiMM E r i n i HANGMAN HILL Miles From Czech Border Use of Airplanes Allied Headquarters Naples SNIPER INN ON by sand bags and camouflage cover a U S soldier digs into his foxhole on Bougainville ready to take a shot at any Jap in the vicinity Sign over foxhole says Sniper Inn Cover charge 1 Jap Flying Fortress Crews Tell of Bitter Aerial Battles London German air force came up fighting Wednesday for the first time in 6 days lo battle American flying fortresses which shot their way through to bomb central Germany while American pounded thc PasDc the committee in cluding a suggestion by WFB Chairman Donald M Nelson that effective controls be established over influenced many of his colleagues to believe that the time has arrived to put many of these men in uniforms so they can be used where they arc needed in a noncombat capacity Presumably he added the men would be furloughed to essential industry be used for seasonal war and warsupporting work and be assigned ot military jobs which do not require the use of an able bodied man Those already in cs senlial work would not be in ducted Selective Seryice Director Lewis B Hershey disclosed that he is prepared to ask the armed services to induct into work battalions any 4F registrants who arc able to work but who are not contributing materially and substantially to the war effort President Roosevelt remarked in response to a question at his news conference Tuesday that there are other groups besides school boys and girls and even newspapermen for ex couiti help with such work as harvesting Calais invasion coast area for the 68th time in 106 days The fortresses roared home with guns still warm and their crews tokl of bitter engagements over a German target where the flak was moderateand GO per cent cloud cover required overcast bombing technique News of hard fought battles over Westphalia sky was broadcast by the Germans as the American air force the AIRMEN PLAY DECISIVE ROLE Important Par Given in War Against Japs By J B KRUEGER Associated Press War Editor Out of thc obscure but impor lanl fighting in Burma and India emerged clear evidence Wednes day allied airmen were playing an increasingly decisive offense defense and supply Associated Press Correspondent William Boni reported from New Delhi that transport planes were now striving lo supply no less Ihan five separate allied forces variously engaged in balling the Japanese invasion of India 01 pressing their offensive against Myitkyina principal enemy base in northcentral Burma These planes were serving not only as supplycarriers but were evacu ating wounded from fightinj areas Thc aerial pattern was ever more obvious in the war againsl fapanesehcid islands in thc Pa cific ocean Over a 1500 mile stretch from Dutch New Guinea to Bougainville Americans and clung stubbornly lo Hangmans lill an exposed knob just below he peak of Monastery hill ovcr ooking Cassino have been wilh 1 r a w n headquarters disclosed Wednesday as violent artillery ami nortar duels thundered in and around the town At thc same lime allied photo graphic interpreters reported ihat medium bombers had cul all the rail lines from northern Italy lo Ihe German frontline area Hangmans hill had been occu pied by the Gurkha troops for nearly 2 weeks and they could be fed and supplied sufficiently only Dies Committee Assails CIO Political Action Group as Promoting Communist Aims Washington CIO political action committee was assailed by the house committee investigating unAmerican activities Wednes day as representing in its main outlines a subversive communist SUNORfASKED BY CHURCHILL by Withdrawal of New Zea campaign to subvert thc of the United Slates to its toiali tariau program In a 200 page report bristling with criticism of the CIO group and many of its leaders thc com mittee headed by Rep Dies D Tex asserted that in the com ing elections the communists will throw their entire weight inlo thc CIO political action committee Their political leader will be in effect Sidney llillman instead of Earl Browder the Dies com of Monastery hill also was dis closed The strategic importance of the 2 features was lost when the gen eral offensive against Cassino failed to dislodge the Germans it was explained This plus the difficulties of re moving the wounded and bringing airborne supplies made continued retention of the high ground val ueless headquarters officers said Allied heavy guns laid clown a barrage on German posilions in the vicinity of he strongly de fended Continental hotel smash njT n German Iroon concentration forming up near the ruins of thc hostelry German multibarrel Runs with tank artillery support hammered at Hill Kronen troops also smashed an other small assault on Hill DI5 which they arc holding Allied artillery scattered a Ger man infantry formation taking positions for an attack 3 miles west of Cistcrna in the beachhead below Rome Antiaircraft batter ies downed 3 out of 25 air raiders and spitfire patrols destroyed 3 more All of the Gorman bombs fell into thc sea without hitting any ships Allied planes lew more than 1500 sorties Tuesday shooting down n total of 13 enemy craft against a loss of 10 About Ger man planes were sighted over the battle area by stealth and subterfuge to do through thc political aclion com mittee what they have failed to do when functioning as a political party under their own mime lo gain political leadership over millions of voters To Hillman chairman ot thc political action commiltcc and head of one of the CIOs mosl powerful unions the report de voted ati entire chapter Also singled out 1or separate chapters were Lee Pressman CIO general counsel Harry Bridges head ol liic CIO Ijilcrnalional Longshore mens aiurWarehouseincns union Joseph CuiTim president of the National Maritime Union of pressed campaign described officially as aimed primarily against the luflwaffe on the ground and in the air It was this months 24th great assault by the U S bombers a new monthly record in the offen sive which Maj Gen James H Doolittle announced Tuesday night had destroyed more than 2100 German planes in the last 8 weeks This toll was taken by American airmen flying from Britain alone Fighter escorts accompanied the fortresses into central Germany The double barreled strike against Germany and France fol lowed a lashing of 4 airdromes in France Tuesday by 250 to 500 American heavy bombers The German targets were not identified but the preliminary announcement from U S heacl cpiarters said Wednesday iti tacks followed 1 clays of bombings I of luftwaffc airfields in Fiance1 where the Germans did not put up serious aerial defense Berlin asserted that violent air combats were being fought over northwestern Germany by mid day German antiaircraft defenses from the outset of the intrusion were constantly harassing the enemy one broadcast declared Several enemy aircraft were brought down shortly after thc enemy had flown over the reich frontier Particularly violent air battles are reported from thc region of the Teutoburg in thc same sector of Westphalia as Meunster Osnabrticck and Bielefeld Berlin first reported bombers Australians battered a dozen en emy bases with 292 tons of bombs They hit Kabaul on New Britain Wewak and Hansa bay on New Guinea Kavicng on Xew Ireland and Bougainville in the 340 Thc only a Hack nol pressed from the air was a destroyer BEER PERMITS DECREASE DCS Moincs permit yielded 571G7 to thc oily of DCS Moincs in the current fiscal year which closes April smallest OTHER RUSSIAN TROOPSTHRUST NEARER ODESSA Russians Smashing Steadily Forward Into Carpathian Foothills London Russian troops have captured Kolomea on the LwowCzernowitz railway in an 11 mile advance southeast toward Czccho Slovakia Premier Mar shal Stalin announced Wednosdav night in an order of thc day Kolo the house ot commons Prime lllcii is milcs M0thcast r lho Minister Churchill Wednesday CzechoSlovakian border Stakes Leadership on Domestic Problem London the cheers of bluntly demanded its support all down the line his govern Kolomca in oltl Poland on the north hank of the 1rtit river fell ments program and called for a o tohmlll of thc first nan vole of confidence staking Ins army slabbi itito the Carpathia war leadership on thc single issue foothills of an amendment to an education bill Taking up thc challenge posed by a 1vote defeat Tuesday night the grimfaced prime minister de clined to distinguish between a domestic problem and tlic basic Thc town tcll in a bold inaneu vcr by tank formations and in fantry Stalin said describing it as an important strongpoint in thc Ccrman defenses at thc loot hills of the Carpathians Meanwhile lo the southeast issue of the governments other red army forces ship At the next sitting of commons lie said an amendment providing for equal pay fcr men and wom en in over the governments objection will be America and other CIO and poi stricken out by the government litical action officials and this act of deletion will be ing across the south Russian steppes from fallen Nikolacv in a push upon the great Black sea port of Odessa Tin Russians were advancing nn Odessa alone a curving ITS mile frtml Further west in 15cs sarabia a soviet communique in the present administration U KoncVs 2nd Ukrainian armywere 8 liles Odessa an adequate majority support ing deletion of the amendment it will cnlail Ihe usual constitutional consequences These are the resignation of thc overnmcnt and the formation of i new cabinet British censorship Thc Dies committee emphasized VOlCof Marshal Ivans that it did nol allege that Sidney Hillnuin is a communist or a com munist sympathizer but said there have been times when Hill man clearly deemed it expedient to collaborate with communists for the attaining of his own political objectives Pressmans associations with commuuistf r o n I organizations have been numerous the report commented and numerous wit nesses have testified to Bridges affiliation with thc communist parly of thc United States Of Curran the committee had this to say The National Mari time Union of America under Currans leadership and domina tion has toed thc community parly line through all its changes in re cent tell when commons will meet next but it may be To suggestions that the amend ment in no way involved lack of confidence Churchill declared I cannot attempt to contrnl the activities of members I can TiraspolIasi princi pal escape artery from the port Spearheads of Malinovskys forces which captured Nikolaev j at thc mouth of the Bug already j were reported across the Bug es I tuary driving along the coastal lead lo Odessa 75 to the west Other columns were plunging south from bridgeheads 130 lo 80 miles upstream wheret the Russians said Domancvka and fell 77 merely offer Diem some SHKse lions as to lie ronspriiiemcs which may attend their actions Certain ly we cannot go on to tlic present basis of a government which has been defeated after tlic cer H Hit ot challenge for one mo ment the right of organized labor came bnck to lown when permit revenue to the city beer Kills Wife 4 Children and Then Himself Aberdeen Wash 33 year old farmer Bernard Arcnds rank amok Tuesday after he was reclassified IA in the draft and shot his wife and 4 young chil dren to death before taking his own life Sheriff 1 W Mclnlosh said Wednesday Thc 6 bodies were found after a neighbor Andrew Asuja re ported hearing several shots and seeing a body on thc back porch of thc Arcnds farm home Thc children ranging in age from 6 weeks to 6 years were found on the back porch of thc home virtually decapitated Mrs Arends was found inside thc house near the body of her hus band Arends first turned his 12 gauge shotgun on two of his chil dren while his wife was on thc back porch doing the laundry of ficers said Mrs Arends then ap parently went into the kitchen for a rifle they said but could not manipulate thc feeding mech anism and was shot as she went to thc aid of her other two chil dren A trail of cartridges was found leading from thc kitchen to thc living room Arends then shot the other tll children and finally turned the 111 months gun on himself officers said The siren was sent to the citv Arcnds had complained to his with the stipulation that a WPB friends that he didnt want to live priority was needed before ac if the army took him from his ccptancc WrPB ruled Aurora in shelling ot Pityilu island in the Admiralties w h i c h Americans now have virtually under their thumb Twenty four Japanese planes of a bomberescorted force were de stroyed by allied fighters in a running battle over north Burma In thc first air action against Lt Gen Joseph Stilwells Chinese American forces driving from north Burma a Japanese bomber strafed an American airport Damage was small Boni reported nearly all the dive and fighter bombers avail able were being thrown into thc fislit to halt the Japanese drives inlo India thc most serious of which appeared to he a double movement against Imphal and Kohima The ground fighting in this region remained obscure with latest allied reports crediting thc enemy with determined assaults to break British lines guarding the ImphalKohima road Thc committee emphasized that I used this bench anil into tlic very great tasks tltat lie immcdi to engage in political campaigns within Ihe limits of the statutes which govern such activity nor did it intend to criticize the le gitimate activities of organized la bor Hillmans own admission By Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Wed nesday night lowest tempera ture Wednesday in Mason City 10 Thursday fair Iowa Fair Wednesday night and jorily of which it said have an Thursday colder extreme castj entrenched communist leadership ately in front of us lie as interrupted often by Ihc report said the political ac tion committee expects lo raise and spend 2000000 in this years elections with CIO ma Wcdnesclay night warmer Thursday afternoon diminish ing winds Wednesday night Minnesota Strong winds with snow flurries and blowing snow Wednesday nigh l Thursday partly cioudy Colder Wednesday rising temperature Thurs day aftcrtiuan Minimum Jem pcnUure xcro northwest lo 15 southeast Thursday morn ing IN MASON CITY GiobcGazctte weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 3G Minimum Tuesday night II At 8 a m Wednesday 13 Snow pj inches Precipitation 10 inch Buy War Savings Bonds and YEAR AGO Stamps from your GlobeGazette Maximum carrier boy I Minimum 44 31 Farm Deferments Are Left Up to Local Draft Boards over central Germany and said Washington to demands from agricultural state scn Ihcy were over northwest Lewis B Hershey selective service director agrccc a large part of the total Many CIO members it charged will he coerced into conlrihutins to this Hiltmanconimunisl con spiracy whose major objective is to discredit the congress and Ihe mclhocl of coiilribulioiis is i picri of tvranniciil taxation workers Only passing reference dislinguish between a vole on domestic policy and a vote on thc general policy of the war in this some cries of bish When he stalked into commons Wednesday Churchill turned im mediately to thc teacher wage issue and declared Events of Tuesday requir alteration in government busi 140 other towns and villages 10 soviet arms Domanevka i miles north of Odessa Berlin asserted that Konevs army suctchcd along Hit cast bank of the Prut river boundarv j line of old Rumania had crossed Ihat stream to assault the strate gic rail junction city of lasi but neither thc Russian communique nor front dispatches confirmed j this report of the first soviet in vasion of axis territory was busy on other seclnrs of Die center however driving south to take the towns of Tsyra and Ko shcn not far from thc lateral rail way into Rumania Other units operating to tiic north Moscow said captured j Linkovtsy In miles southeast of j KamenctsPodolsk thus narrow ing Ihe neck of the sack on large German forces reporlcd cut off in where they stood At this very serious lime in the progress of thc there must be no doubt of thc support which the government from thc house enjoys wasj Iowa May Draft Call made in the Icimlhv report to 1 C II Tl Philip Munay cfo president thcloiigntly omailer 1 nan committee commenting Ihat al yi Of though Murray and Hillman may 1 hat O6t lOf many on their flight outward In the house of commons mean while Sir Archibalt Sinclair sec retary of state for air said the German fighter force in western Europe still is formidable and that undoubtedly many hard bat tles lie ahead sljcjj IJusscll and Tydings re ported U defer larly engaged ill thc production Wednesday to leave local draft boards the responsibility for deferI i merit of farm workers Emerging from a closed confer ence with Hershey and Marvin Jotics war food administrator Chairman Russell D Ga of a Jnder it locai draft may j International Wood Wo cr workers if they arc rcgu America Marine Cooks ai Never a Squawk From Aurora Air Raid Siren Aurora III big air raid siren slated for city usage has been shipped out of Aurora after senate agriculture committee anj of essential farm commodities and i nounced that Hershey had agreed i they cannot he replaced on the to scrap thc unit system which farms where they arc employed long had been thc basis for farm j Wc a1so arc Soing to consider new legislation under which a allege that it way a mere coinci dence Ihat their organization so completely conforntcd lo thc one whose pattern had been drawn by Ihe communists they cannot deny thc presence of wellknown com munists in thc ranks of the CIO political action committee The committee listed CIO t unions as ones in which com munist leadership is strongly en American Communica tions association International Federation of Architects Engin eers Chemists and Technicians InternlionI fur and Leather Workers Union International Longshoremens ami Warchouse ncns union Inlcrnalional Union of Fishermen and Allied Workers of America International Union of i Mine Mill and Smeller Workers irkers of nd Stew ards Association of the Pacific coast National Maritime Union of America Slate County and Mu nicipal Workers of America Transport Workers Union of America United Cannery Agri Dcs Sloincs Gen Charles II Grahl announced that Iowas May draft call will be slightly smaller than thai set for April The state selective service director added that the April call is about the same as March nowilz Bucovina capital in whose outskirts red army troops were reported righting Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first Ukrainian army captured Gvoz lcts 11 miles northeast of Kn Uiuica ont tic railway uid only 10 milcs from the formidable Carpathian moun tain barrier through which the famous Pass if the Tntars leads into Czechoslovakia Capture nf Nikolaev a com bined laud and sea operation was announced Tuesday by Premier Stalin Held by thc Germans for two and onehalf years it fell aflcr some of the fiercest fight ing of the present offensive Wednesday thc Russians were smashing down Ihrough approxi malcly flOOO square miles farmer rejected for military serv culture Packing and Allied Work ice because of physical handicaps j crs Pf America United Electrical deferments Russell and Sen Tydings D Md said thc decision which Hershey promised to put into operation immediately should have the effect of stemming mili tary inroads upon farms which imperil war food production Instead of thc unil system j duction a minimum was i America United Shoe Workers j under which farm worker deferi required for deferment Under America United Stone and Alj mcnts arc bascd on the extent of i pressure from congress this rule0 Products Workers of America cannot leave his farm to go to work in a war plant without the permission of his draft board Russell announced Radio and Machine Workers of America United Farm Equip ment and Metal Workers of Amer ica United Gas Coke and Chemi Whcn the unit system first was cil Workers of America United set up as Ihc yardstick for proI Office and Professional Workers cars ago will be the new yard 16 unit fig KKDS soviet armored forces urn niassinj for a largescale invasion of the Balkans in their big push against thc iiazis ;