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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Arwjwcma Sees Former Leader of Czech Plant EUITOllS is another of i series of articles written by Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazelle managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a parly of 12 guests of the Ciiiicsic Endowment for Inter national 1cace Number 17 By W EAUL HALL ABOARD THE S S SANTA LUCIA OFF MIDDLE Meet Europes Henry Ford Ive found him a most interesting and delightful person and I believe you will too Reference is to Jan Bata ol Czecho Slo vakia the worlds great e s t manufac turer oC shoes He is a passen ger on t li i s ship bound for Lima and other South Ameri can capitals Since he joined our ship at the Panama canal Ive had as much as a IV EARL HALL MASON CITY IQWATSATURDAY MARCH 29 194l MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPEJ1 CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OXB NO 145 ENGLISH BATTER DUGES FLEET Nazi Writers Quit Jugoslavia BRITISH ORDER WOMEN TO GET OUT OF SECTOR German Airline Cancels All Flights Over Jugoslav Territory By ROBERT ST JOHN BELGRADE Jugoslavia The German legation Saturday ordered even German newspaper men to leave Jugoslavia in the apparent conviction that the new Jugoslav government will offer no acceptable compromise to axis wishes The British apparently expect ing that Jugoslavia may become a theater of war ordered women and children to leave half dozen hours with him visit ing with him and yes singing with him Incidentally in about three years in America he has mastered the English language through the medium of songs His repertory of both our folk songs and our pop ular songs is nothing short of amazing The great Bata factories at ZHn CzechuSlovakia and elsewhere have been taken over by Hitler although the actual management is still in the hands of a Bata brother This circumstance has led to the report Jn some Ameri can papers that Mr Baf a himself is a nazi sympathizer but I have from him a denial in vigorous lan guage I have been a prisoner in a concentration cam p lie points out What would make anybody think Im for that kind uf rule Since Germany occupied Su dctenlancf he has been virtually a refugee in America He makes his home in Maryland His designalioii as Europes Ford grows out ot the fact that from the day the Bata company was established by his father it specialized at first on wooden shoes it has pursued a policy of high pay short hours and the most favorable possible living condi tions Experience has taught us he explained to me that we cant afford to hire cheap labor Mechanizing everything possi ble and doing away with all lost motion so far as work by human hands is concerned have been the distinguishing marks of the Bafa modus operands Conveyor belts have been extensively used in ex cavations for homes in the comi muniiies set up by the company as well as in the leather plants j themselves Some thirty years ago when Ford wrs perfecting the assembly line mode of automobile manu facture in America the Batas were doing the same thing in the shoe industry of Europe Which was really author o the idea is probrbly debatable At the height of its activity 7lin atlaincd a population of 70000 virtually all identified with the Bala enterprises A sideline of silk hosiery was in troduced and il ilic request of the govcrn mrnl the Bains established an automobile tire factory Then Hitler tool over Exactly I what is taking place now known to the American Bata Just before starting on this vovasc he received a letter from Bohe mian tcinfolk which had been mailed more than 13 months ago And parts wiucli would be reveal in to him were censored The Batas operate on the theory that if employes src paid suffi ciently well and given financial guidance they will be able to save against old age without any for mal social security from govern mental source Adequate and modern onefam ily homes are provided for work ers needing them but all workers arc encouraged lo buy homes for themselves for residence during their working years as well as after retirement Right now I have a little deck singing engagement with Mr Bata his family and clerical nuc atong with some other pas scjigers on our ship I havent even kctchcd the many interest ing facts about this remarkable it will have lo do i Tlic government faciiiff the j possibility of an internal rift i with minority leaders kept Gcr I many waiting for an answer lo her renewed demands for a def inite written statement on Jugoslav foreign policy More than a store ot German newspapermen were involved in the legation order and only two were permitted to remain with the diplomatic staff The Germnn evacuation order which originally applied only to Belgrade was extended during the morning to all Serbia and again broadened Saturday night to include the wives and children of the diplomatic staff V Such precautions were not taken even in Belgium anil the Netherlands Germans said Tiic German legation was reported taking an extremely serious VIEW of the injuries Thursday to the nazi assistant air attache Closer Equally as significant of tilt iiazi atttiudc at this was the or der of German commercial air line Lufthansa canceling ail flights over Jugoslav territory The Jugoslav government coiii cidentally suspended traffic of German barges and other craft on the Danube river Military operators took over telephone communication in Bel grade The Jugoslav general staff conferred with the German minister Viktor Von Heercn German sources said they sought to smooth the difficulties caused by the popular demon strations A German courier arriving from Athens declared he saw the train carrying former Regent Prince Paul cross ihe Greek frontier Thursday Von Hccrcn was reported su thoriUitively lo have delivered a new note Friday night apparently reflecting nazi dissatisfaction with tiie new cabinets declaration Fri day that Yugoslaviawould be un able to fulfill the terms of her fourdayold membership in the axis alliance Dr Vladimir JIacek the home spun leader of several million Croats and vice premier in this Dotted arrows indicate how Jugoslavia according lo neutral dip lomats moved to organize military forces against possible German attempts to ahe over lie country with forces now in Bulgaria and in the regl0n of Vienna Black arrow indicates recent German troop movement through Kumania ami Bulgaria to the Greek border This movement has reversed itself south of Sofia and turned toward the Jugoslav herder placing nazi forces against two possible fronts British military assistance from the south striped arrow has been moved into Greece cabinet as well as in that ot de posed Premier Dragisa Cvetkovic appeared to hold the key to the future development ot the na tions domestic and foreign fate He deliberated with his lieu tenants in Zagreb for hours Friday hut early Saturday was said to be still undecided wheth er lo stick with the cabinet oC Premier General Dusan Simovae or retire into the opposition ranks in which he fought for two decades until he won an agreement with Cvetkovic in 1039 for Croatian home rule I A Jugoslav army of 1200000 i men was massed in the kingdoms northern and eastern frontiers apparently to back Fridays de cision of noncompliance with th axis pact The question however of whether the government would accede to nazi wishes to fulfill all terms of the pact or fight was snoved temporarily at least into the background The dominant question here was whether the internal unity of this nation of Serbs Croats and Slovenes first realized only a few weeks before the war began would be jeopardized all that such disunity would im ply for national defense and a united front against Germany and Bulgaria to augment a force of more than 300001 already there Unofficial reports said British troop landings continued in Significantly Berlin reported that a German war depicting the Polish or French shown in the Creation capital of Zagreb Friday night Such films often have been shown prior to German military occupations to impress upon spec tators tiic might of the nazi mili tary machine German news dispatches from Belgrade stressed Maccks indecij sion and cautiously hinted that lie had been forced into Die Simovic 1 cabinet at pistol point thus inI dicnting the possibility of nazi ex ploitation of any Croat rift A neutral diplomat arriving in Ankara Turkey from Bucharest Friday night said Germany was sending 200000 more troops into Weather Report FORECAST IUASOA CITY Fair and warmer Saturday night Lowest about 32 Sunday increasing cloudiness and somewhat warmer IOWA Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday wjirmer Sat urday night somewhat warmer Sunday Partly cloudy warmer northcentral and east Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy to cloudy slightly warm er extreme east light rain or snow and colder northwest and westcent i I IN GlobeGazette Maxiilium Friday Minimum Friday n At a m SaHudii YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 32 CIO CONTINUES STRIKE AGAINST ALLIS FACTORY Huge Plant Operates However on Orders From Government By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS CIO United Automobile Work ers voted in Milwaukee Saturday to continue their strike against the Allis Chalmers company until the government compels the company to accept a settlement proposed by the office of production man agement The vote was taken at a closed meeting while other employes were back on Ihe job At the re iuest of the federal government the huge plant resumed opera tions Friday ou 845000000 of defense orders Announcing the vote Arthur Richtcr union attorney said there was only a sprinkling of opposi tion to prolonging the strike The government had asked the men to return to work while negotiations for a settlement continued Chicago an ofliuaJ of he In ternational Harvester company announced that the company had canceled its plan to reopen1 on Monday the Chicago tractor plant and the plant at Rock Falls III He said the reason fov the decision was lack of union cooperation While these developments ou the strike front were taking place a hitch developed in the defense mediation boards plan to hold its first hearing on one of the four labor cases referred o if Friday A panel ot the board and repre sentatives of Ihe Vanadium cor poration were present but it wa discovercd tlit union officials had not received notice of the meeting in time to be present William II Davis vice chairman of the board said the hearin would be held Sunday The boaid resumption of the strike railed by tlic CIO Slctl Workers Organizing committee At Chicago the ClOs lann Equipment Workers Organizing committee demanded certain guar antees from the mediation board before entering ny agreement to resume work at four midwest plants of the International Har vester company They emphasized they wanted assurance there would be no discrimination against strik ers returning to the plants which employ 20000 The CIO Harvcsicr workers meet Sunday to decide whether to go back to work as requested by the board anil whether to mecl with the hoard anil com pany officials in Washington Monday The union seeks higher waKes and oilier concessions A strike at the Midland Steel Products company Detroit im portant to Ihe automotive inclustiv was tentatively settled Friday aft er 18 uncertain days CIO union members act Saturday on t pro posal including a fivecent hourly pay rise CIO and management also reached an agreement affecting More Good Will for United States Neighbors Sammy Takes to Wheels SEE STORY ON PAGE 7 uifhhfjh nee San a Iiicvclc i f n Jr goo cnousl t win gold cup for Russell Sculcl dressed as tingrand uncle ii the bv ffrr s hike and pet parade Saturday ISrnllier Stanley Sciilcl is show Germans Will Neither Be Provoked Nor Stand Insults lSDQ workers at the plant of the Universal Cyclops Steel corpora tion Bridgeville Pa The five weeks strike had been turned over to he mediation board for settlement Reopening of the plant vital to defense was forecast Sat urday The agreement was Slid to involve a wage increase Threats of strikes at three Bethlehem Steel shipyards in rvcw York waned after union workers in two Brooklyn yard s turned thumbs down on walkout pro posals Workers at a third yard authorized a strike but instructed their leaders lo submit the dispute first to a federal conciliator on Monday Wage increases and or privileges inside t h e were asked Shortly after the departure of the Carnegie endowment ravel parly of educators and editors including W Earl Hall to South America the Carnegie endowment announced iu South America ko as a good will gesture Latest plan for extending the good ncAibor poliocomes with ihe revelation that Mai Gen Frank RMeCov u a retired ami three companions are making a good will lour of these American republics in the blue and white twin motored amplHbian pictured above The plane was purchased by Laurence Rockefeller brother of Nelson A Rockefeller who as coorclinalor of commercial ami cultural relations sped the lour on its way of lllc rorci5 ailed to IE Bath Eveiy Saturday Night Is Divorced OMAHA UPI Because her husband a stockyards employe least failed to take a bath at every Saturday night1 a 22 year old wife was granted a divorce Saturdny But he must take a ball at j least every Saturday nifihl docfntl lie asked Distric Judge Her1 ben Khoadcs No lie douiiit the young woman replied Sometimes its i two or three weeks between bath Nazi Sources Claim Strcel Mob Will Not Determine Our Policy By LOUIS I1 LOCHXEK BERLIN Germany will neither be provoked by paid agents ol Britain in Jugoslavia nor stand for being insulted author ized sources here declared Satur day as Germany waited for King Peters government to decide whether it is in or out of the axis will not let a street mot determine our policies these sources added Germany now as before watches events ill Jugoslavia with extraordinary mlerist hut has linnand leis ure to form an opinion of the situation after rarcful study Aulliftrizcd sfiurcos did not hes itate lo point out that in Cerman tendency rcmont I lie subject ti chnministic in fluences is on tiic increase German authorities dc Hired to know liouevcr iras whether these manifestatins were controlled or independent or any government policies BRITISH CLAIM BIG BATTLESHIP HIT BY SHELLS RAF Joins Navy in Pursuit of Italian Fleet in Mediterranean LONDON Great Britain reported Saturday lliitt one of Italys biggest battleships had been damaged severely and that probably four Italian cruisers and a destroyer wore damaged and some of Ihcm sunk in a bigscale naval and air engagement in the custom Mediterranean V V Tlic naval cnvugnncnl which began Friday ami continued Saturday was one of the most important since the war stiirled and ISritish naval and air forces aided by Greek warships were said to lie pursuing the fascist battleships cruisers and de stroyers across the Ionian sea Inward the Italian coast V 111 addition to a 35000 trn battleship of Hie Liuorio which was damaged tlic admi ralty and air ministry said that two cruisers were damaged in the first clash and Dial two cruisers were hit by heavy bombs in an attack by the royal air force The authoritative press association said thai the two cruisers bombed successfully by the R A f wore in addition to those damaged by the fleet The admiralty also said that aircraft had sighted rafts carry ing ItaJiiin survivors indicating that at least one Italian ship sunk First Lord of the Admiralty A v Alexander indicated that two cruisers hud been sunk and said ihat hu did not believe there was much left of one destroyer V Further information nf tin naval action in the eastern Mediterranean is mil vet avail able Inil rafts cimtainhii Ital ian survivors have been report ed Saturday morning uv our aircvraft the admiralty said in i second communique It may therefore lr assiiiiicil that it least nun Italian ship has hern sunk f H The official statement and Hie press a s s o i i a t i o n comment stimmcd up tlicse results At least one 33001 toil Italian battleship of the crack new Lrjl lono class was damaged prob ably severely Two crttisers were damaged in the first action and according to Alexanders hints may have been sunk Two cruisers were hit by heavy RA F bombs and the press as sociation said these wore in addi tion to the first two One destroyer was damaged anil Alexander said that it was hoped it has gone down f lllr K A rcporl rd dial ihey hail hit the two cruisers and he destroyer with heavy bombs anil llic iom nniimiiic added Ihal one of llir miscrs stopped and was etnll tins lilark and yillnw smokr ONE official newp agency saki m a dispatcli from Rclsracfc lhai unrest prevailed there ocspitc armored cars stationed at street That1 cruelty said Rhuudoc Decree granted1 Lumber Used to Admit Persons to Dance Hall The agency fisticuffs rc I Milled when one group shouted threateningly at German Min istcr Viktor von llrcrcn ami j another applauded him The Germans wore aid to invc i protested at the inadequate pro OLYMPIA Wash Friendly Grove Dancing needs lumber to finish the i ior of its hall Current admission charge Four by eight panels of wood rircn H me tcction tiven the minister lloivevcr ii was reported here i Lint till JuftoMav government apologized for inults to Die minijtrr in connection with his I appearance at tiic Belgrade tliedrn when King Pcicr fori jnKlly look over the royal power I iiiv i declared I clubi had been received i iter n iittirte the cathedral I I with insulting calls and viiis Je Ttu1 A number ol bombs fell cloo tr the enemy ships Hie com munique aMtitl describing Ihc at tack as both heavy and success ful The n A iomnumietup alo rcptirled a successful attack on ilia Lecte airdrome south oE Brin disi in the liecl of the Italian boot aircraft on the ground were niachincgunncd and set afire n large twinengined bomber was destroyed and a number of other craft were severely damaged The naval battle in which br Italian floe appeared to have ventured farther from the home cual than on previou occasions wax described by the admiralty as still in progress with only prelim inary results rcjiorled Flic KAK coimiuidicfue itldcd Irj tiie picture but sil described de velopments on Friday without mention 01 any action that may have occurred on Saturdav I f he ply Itrilisli sources said that the nicnl came at a lime Italian morale was be Bronze Tablet on Boulder Is Stolen GREEN BAY patently hired by high scrap met al prices thieves stole the broi If the antiGerman manifes tations in Jugoslavia are merely resulting from the general po litical confusion in the king dom ami if the government Mioxvs by deeds not words that full support of the axis pact continues Germany might prove biK hearted it was intimated Radio broadcat meanwhile c i continued landed in lieved to he shaken by reverses in Africa and the dcvclopmcnls ill IiiRiisIavia which might put the Italians in Albania under the Ihrcat of eventual aliack from the Jugoslav border Some military expert in Lon don said they believed that even if Germany attacked Jugoslavia five Jugoslav divisions could join with the Greek and sweep he Italian from Albania I lie Iittono battleships arc Ihc biRget in Ihc Italian imy nn1 one rr had been repotted torpedoed and disabled in the ;