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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COHf VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MABCH 27 1945 of Two One NO HJ GERM AN WESTERN DEFENSES CRACK INSIDE WASHINGTON Democrats in Congress Hold Manpower Hopes Central Press Capital Staff O lead ers in Congress say they believe manpower legislation is still pos sible despite the fact that the conference committee of the House and Senate faces an ex tremely difficult task in trying to adjust differences between 2 fun damentally different bills passed by the 2 Houses They are hoping for a com promise bill A major feature of such a measure they explain un doubtedly will be a provision plac ing compulsion on both workers and employers perhaps with criminal penalties The MayBailey work or Jail bill passed the House as a labor draft measure affecting men 18 to 45 It places compulsion only on male workers in these age limits who would be subject to draft dodger penalties for failure to obey work orders The Kilgore OMahoney bill passed by the Senate places com pulsion only on employers who would be subject to misdemeanor penalties for failure to obey War Manpower Commission manpower ceilings and hiring controls Despite the wide variance be tween the 2 bills Democratic leadership believes a compromise can fae worked out that would bring the gap between them and that the president would sign the compromise despite his strong in sistence on a labor draft Members of Congress had their own income tax troubles when March 15 rolled around What most outsiders dont know is that a member of the House for ex ample is not allowed to deduct as a business expense for income tax purposes the money he spends in traveling between his district and the capital Each member Js allowed travel expenses for one trip each session between his home and Washing ether words to come to the each year The allowance is rather liberal for one cents per mile But it does not begin to cov er the expenses of a busy con gressman who may make half a dozen or more trips to his district say in Michigan or Missouri Many members In big city dis tricts find It necessary to main tain separate offices In their home towns to handle problems of their constituency at that end Despite the howls Congress will go on paying the higher tax levy until it gets up enough nerve to revise the law A salary increase which most students of Congress believe should come ease the problem also would The administration Is expected to make an attempt to override the recommendations of the House appropriations committee that American civilian govern ment not be reestablished in the Philippines The reconquered Islands were recently restored by General Mac Arthur to the Philippine common wealth government but are still under the overall military com mand of American forces The United States high com missioners office requested an in itial S128000 appropriation to fa cilitate the reestablishment American civilian he Philippines beginning April 1 The appropriations committee of he House refused to grant the ap propriation however and instead suggested that the military con tinue control until the Filipinos are granted complete independ ence July 4 1946 It was understood that the War Navy and Interior departments were preparing to ask President Roosevelt to appoint a new high commissioner to succeed Francis B Sayre who resigned in 1942 Friction is developing within the C I O over the wage issue Many of the lesser unions in the organization feel that the C I O is not going to bat as strongly iri their cases as it did in the big steel workers union case C 1 O President Philip Mur ray also heads the steelworkers and fought stoutly obtain a annual wage boost for the union through fringe ad justments Some of the other C I O units notably the electrical workers now are afraid that the parent body will not exert the same pres sure In pleading their cases before the War Labor Board and the Of fice ot Economic Stabilization MTJST HAVE UCEXSE Des Moines highway patrolmen were given orders Monday to arrest operators of motor vehicles not bearing 1345 license plates and stickers Japs Claim Yanks Cain Foothold on Okinawas SAYTASKFORCE ATTACKS BASES FOR FIFTH DAY 200 Superforts From Marianas Strike Kyushu by Daylight Guam Japanese com munique conceded Tuesday that American invasion troops have won a foothold in the Okinawa islands only 380 miles southwest of Japan The American troops landed in the Kerama islands a tiny cluster of islets 10 to 20 miles off the southwest coast of Okinawa itself Sunday under cover of a naval and air bombardment the enemys imperial headquarters said Japanese ground and air forces furiously counterattacked the invaders the communique said but it made no claim that the American beachheads had been wiped out The official Japanese acknow ledgment of the landing followed 2i hours of conflicting propaganda broadcasts ranging from an ad mission that an invasion had oc curred to a denial that a single soldier had reached shore Tokyo also reported that Ameri can battleships cruisers and more than 1000 carrier planes were bombarding the Okinawa group especially the naval and air base island of Okinawa itself ior the 5th straight day Tuesday Landbased planes and other allied warshipswere reported supporting the purported Invasion with attacks along a 1300mile front stretching all the way from Japan itself to the island of Pra tas in the South China sea More than 200 Superfortresses sparked the supporting raids with an attack on 2 airfields and an aircraft plant on Kyushu south ernmost of the Japanese home is Jands in daylight Tuesday It was the first Marianasbased raid on southern Japan B29 The Japanese communique did not identify the islands in the Kerama group on which it said the Americans had landed How ever a propaganda broadcast Monday said 2000 troops were at tempting to land from 100 barges on Tokashika Zamaroi and Aka the 3 largest islets in the group Though of little use in them selves the Kerama islands might serve as bases from which to at tack Okinawa The capture of Oki nawa would knock out the strong est Japanese base between Formosa and Japan and open a passage to the East China and Yellow seas The Keramas lie directly oppo site Naha on the southwest coast of Okinawa island Naha is the capital of Okinawa prefecture which included all the Hyukyu is lands south to Formosa Oar garrison carried out inter ceptions while our air force too has also launched furious at tacks the Japanese communique said The communique claimed that 5 large American warships had been sunk five more seriously damaged 44 planes shot down and 110 planes damaged by Japanese aircraft and ground batteries A broadcast at noon Tuesday Tokyo time reported that the big guns of battleships and other warships had joined carrierbased planes the 5th straight day in bombarding the Okinawa islands Indications were that 4 groups of Vice Admiral Marc A Mitsch ers famed task force 58 and other elements of the 5th fleet were cruising through the Okinawas and other islands in the Ryukyu chain stretching between Japan and For mosa Tokyo said Some 1120 carrier planes par tJcjpated in raids Monday on the Okinawas Tokyo said Of these 750 alone raided the Naha area of Okinawa itself directly opposite Aka Tokoshida and Zamami Okinawa largest island in the group of the same name is the site of one of the emeys main naval bases and numerous air fields protecting the southern ap proaches to Japan Naha is its capital Pacific fleet headquarters con firmed thatbattleships and other warships of the Pacific fleet had teamed with carrier planes in raid ing airfields and Installations on Okinawa Monday Japanese planes counterattacked the armada and inflicted some damage on one light unit the American communique said Six of the Japanese planes were shot down Entire Citizens Ticket Headed by Bruce as Mayor to Go Into Office April 2 HOWARD E BRUCE by Large Margin Mixup Causes Rumors of Nazi Peace New York Newspaper of fices were flooded Tuesday with telephone calls quoting a Blue network broadcast that an an nouncement of victory in Europe was expected momentarily After emerging from a deluge the blue network said that Gil Martyn broadcasting from las Angeles had said electrifying news had come that the presi dent and his cabinet are prepar ing for word of victory A short time after the Martyn broadcast the Blue broadcast from New York an announcement that a routine announcement from the white house was misin terpreted as a hint that big news was forthcoming from Europe One of the 3 major news serv ices carried the story with the in terpretation that the white house expected word of victory the New York announcement of the Blue said Martyn the network said de clared in his broadcast The word has not yet come it is emphasized but diplomatic Washington says it is imminent The United States diplomatic representatives in Europe also have been instructed to stick close by their posts it is reported on the highest authority White House Secretary Jona than Daniels declared the revised plans asking government offi cials to remain out of San Fran cisco tend to keep officials at their post for any emergency and to avoid travel congestion At all events word of a European vic tory is being tensely awaited It hasnt come yet but offi cial Washington thinks it will mo mentarily The Blues later announcement concluded with the statement This interpretation since has been found to be without any foundation There has been no suggestion from any Washington officials that any armistice an nouncement is imminent Argentina Declares War on Axis Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina Tuesday declared a state of war with the axis Some reports said Argentina would move promptly to rees tablish relations with soviet Rus sia in event the cabinets deci sion wins for Argentina recogni tion and admission into the united nations It was considered likely that conversations to that end would be initiated in Washington There has been some specula tion that Argentina would not be able to attend the San Francisco world security conference even though she declared war the axis unless she first reestablished friendly relations with Moscow Extra police guards were sta tioned at public buidlings embas and newspaper offices guard against any disorders to connection with Tuesdays cabinet decision Elected by Large Vote in Municipal Election in Mason City Monday SEE PICTURES ON PAGE 10 Howard E Bruce who a few weeks ago retired as manager of the North Iowa division of the Standard Oil company was Mason Citys overwhelming choice for mayor in a tidal wave of ballots thai carried the entire Associated Citizens party ticket into office in the municipal election Monday The new slate of city officers will beginits official duties at high nooi Monday at which time the city returns to the mayor and council form of government aban doned in 1913 Mr Bruce one of 5 candidates for mayor carried 7 of the 8 pre cincts in the city gathering sizable Pluralities even in sections of the city that have gone strongly dem ocratic in recent general elections Mr Bruce received a total of 2946 votes to 1S53 for Jake Doug las chairman of the Cerro Gordo county democratic central com mittee who headed the democratic ticket on the ballot In the inde pendent column Luke B Miller re ceived 867 votes Hugh Gilmore 94 and Roy Eyerist 16 The strength of the mayor can didate on the Associated Citizens ticket a nonpartisan organiza tion was apparent as soon as trends of the voting began to tackle into the GlobeGazette news room At p m Mon day with 3 precincts still to be heard from Mr Douglas tele phoned the Associated Citizens campaign headquarters to concede the election of Mr Bruce Dr H H Jennings only mem ber of the present city council in the list of candidates will return to the official family of the city nail next Monday as a councilman at large Also elected councilman at Jarge ma close vote was Adrian Hart who was put across the winnin line by a heavy vote for him in the 1st precinct of the 2na ward after Mike Zack took the lead on the basis of returns from 7 of the city s 8 precincts at midnight The Associated Citizens candi dates for ward couneilmen as well as for other offices carried the election winning over their democratic opponents S W Lock was named in the 1st ward by a vote of 737 to 529 over Herman Scherpmg Henry Rheingans car ried the 2nd ward defeating Jay Fclsom 303 to 657 Fred Steffen won over Leslie Valentine in the 3rd 876 to 592 and Emil Koerber was elected in the 4th by a vote of 493 to 429 for Emil Bohn Joe Manley was returned to the city hall as assessor defeating the democratic candidate R A Lude man 3147 to 2090 Unopposed for election were the Z Associated Citizens candi dates for police judge B R Dnnn and city treasurer K A potter The vole was the largest cast at a city election in Mason City for a score or more of years A total of 5661 persons went to the polls Only municipal election to ap proach this figure in recent years was that in 1933 when 5648 per sons voted In that election J T Laird was elected mayor The total vote by precincts was 1st precinct 1st ward 2nd precinct 1st ward 1st precinct 2nd ward 2nd precinct 2nd ward 1st precinct 3rd ward 2nd precinct 3rd ward 1st precinct 4th ward 2nd precinct 4th ward Total vote 634 722 1019 673 767 800 613 433 Total vote in recent municipal elections was 1927 4633 1929 3033 1931 3520 1933 5648i I93a 4929 1939 3629 762 and 1943 2833 This election sets the stage for the abandonment of the city man ager form of government under which Mason City has operated since 1927 From 1913 when it voted the mayor and council form out to 1927 the city was under the commission form of govern ment Under the mayor and council government to which the city now returns the mayor assumes many of the powers held by the man ageunder the present form For this reason chief interest was fo cused on the mayor candidacy Mr Bruce who takes over this off ice next JMjanday received nearly 53 of the total vote for mayor with 5 candidates in the field He has been a resi CHURCHILL AND EISENHOWER ON RHINE BANKPrime Minister Winston n nand talks witn fJpnpval nt fiin n at an unspecified point on the Phi vn n f Minister Winston ChiuchiU left cigar in hand talks with General of the Army Dwight D Eisenhower at an unsDecifier nmnt nn fVm 1ianl J 5 AP river a BnJsh Photo Red Army Sweeps Toward Austrian Border Vienna Yank Bombers Aid Attack Ixmdon army vanguards Tuesday swept to within a scant 20 miles of the Austrian border some 65 miles southeast of Vienna aided by precision bombing of the 15th American air force City Election ot a Glance Howard E Bruce mayor Adrian Hart councilman at large Dr H H Jennings councilman rt large S W Lock 1st ward council man Henry Rheingans 2nd ward councilman Fred G Steffen 3rd ward councilman Emii Koerber 4th ward coun cilman B K Dunn police judge K A Potter treasurer Joe P Manley assessor Take April 2 Chief of police health officer and street commissioner appointed by mayor Clerk city solicitor city engi neer and by the council dent of Mason City 11 years serv ing as division manager of the Standard Oil company with which he started as an office boy With election judges counting the ballots by hand returns slow in coming in compared with elections in which voting ma chines were used The 1st precinct of the 1st ward was the first to complete the count at 10 oclock The last precinct was in by a m which attacked German concen tration points in the path of the Russians German reports acknowledged that the soviet pressure on the irregular 170mile front had in creased and that red army spear heads had flanked the important communications centers of Ko marorn and Gyor in a drive to the Marcal canal and the lower Raab river The Marcal canal runs about 7 miles west of Papa captured by the Russians Monday and joins the Raab northwest of Papa The Raab in this area is only about 20 miles from the Austrian frontier and runs roughly parallel to it German reports said fightin was very heavy and that Rus sians also were attacking south and southeast of Komarom Just west of the Russians the 15th air force carried out a series of attacks designed to soften up the nazis and enable the Russians to penetrate their inner mountain fortress These attacks hit railyards in Bratislava the CzechAustrian border city toward which the red avmy is driving 35 miles east of Vienna the Szombathely yards in western Hungary 10 miles south of Vienna the Slraszhof yards in Austria 18 miles east of Vienna House Rejects Measure to Make Superintendent of Schools Appointive Des Moines a vote of 58 to 48the house Tuesday ap proved the present elective system for the state superintendent of public instruction after a day and a half of debate on a senateap proved measure which would make the superintendent appoint ive The vote was on an amendment to one of the key school code bills and final action on the measure it self was not taken before the house recessed until this afternoon Decorah Citizen Dies After Fail on Stairs ONeill 66 retired hardware dealer died Monday night at a Decorah hos pital from injuries suffered Satur day when he fell down a long flight of stairs London BULLETIN Soviet troops have captured Strehlcn and Ryb nik in a 2cdged expansion of their Silesian offensive Marshal Stalin announced Tuesday Streh len is 21 miles south of Breslao Rybnik is 14 miles due west of Ratibor the Bruck yards 30 miles south ot Vienna and the Wiener Neu stadt yards 30 miles southeast of Vienna Soviet reports said that the Germans had thrown strategic re serves against the Russians who are now advancing with orders to Pursue the main forces of the Germans and not halt to mop up small detachments Fighting flared anew at Kues trin where the Germans report ed intense soviet attacks with heavy artillery support had en abled the Russians to score some gains A soviet tank detachment at Genschmar 56 miles cast of Berlin and 6 miles northwest of Kuestrin was said to have been smashed Altogether 1000000 red army men and thousands of tanks were on the march in the new offen siTe on both sides ot the Danube river toward the Austrian and Bavarian Alps where the nazis have been plotting a stand to the death Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Main German Defense in West Broken Paris Eisenhower de clared Tuesday that the main Ger man defense line in the west had been broken anJ that the enemy had suffered a defeat which he cannot afford The supreme commander said he believes there would be no negotiated unconditional surren der in Germany but rather an imposed unconditional surrender when the allies in the west link up with the Russian armies Germany has no strength to make a future stand such as had been made he added He warned against expecting a straight allied run to Berlin The Germans he declared need more strength than they now have In the west to establish another line But he cautioned that the allies own troubles were not yet over The German army is a whipped army but that does not mean the enemy cannot form a new front at a point where our maintenance problems become an obstacle to us the supreme commander con tinued He emphasized that the allies still had some tough fighting ahead particularly in the north Eisenhower called the elimina tion of German forces west of the Rhine one of the greatest victories of the war The Rhineland campaign has gone faster and at less cost than expected he disclosed Smiting and confident the al lied leader told correspondents at his headquarters that the day would come when he could say to them that organized resistance on the western front had been broken but he declined to fore cast when that would be He announced the allies had taken 250000 prisoners on western front since March 1 the Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudyTues day and Wednesday Cooler Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Cooler Wed nesday afternoon Minnesota Cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Occasional light rain or snow northwest and ex treme west central portions and light showers northeast portion Tuesday night Occasional light rain or snow north portion Wednesday Colder Wednesday and in northwest and extreme west portions Tuesday night Fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 63 Minimum Monday 47 At 8 a m Tuesday 51 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 23 Precipitation 28 1ST ARMY PUSH NOW 54 MILES EAST OF RHINE Hodges Crosses Lahr River as British Make New Gains in North BULLETIN With U S Third Army Tanks hired army has seized a damaged railway bridge across the riverMain and infantry are charging into Frankfurtonthe Main Paris Tanks broke into the open in powerful pushes from their many bridgeheads cast of the Rhine Tuesday and Gen Eisenhower declared the main enemy lines had been broken in a great allied victory The U S first armys powerful tank teams pacing one attack drove 5i miles east of the Rhine to within Z miles ofWetzlar north of Frankfurt and 237 miles from Berlin Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges forces spilled across the tahr river and flowed to the southeast to within 1Z miles of Frankfurt First army tanks also lanced into Weilburg 244 miles south west of Berlin and far northeast of Limburg The enemy said loo that 3rd army columns were approaching Wuerzburg in Bavaria 223 miles from Berlin and had reached Iiohr on the road to Nuerenberg On the northern end of the front the British 2nd army too broke into long gains the extent of which were concealed by a news blackout and even on the British left flank where the bitterest re sistance of all has been encoun tered the Germans showed signs of collapsing with Canadians and Highlanders making gains np to 3 miles Swift armor of both the and 3rd armies raced across the reich unchecked because as Eisen hower foe had insuffi cient strength at hand with which to make a stand Hours ago first army tanks lanced into Weilburg 244 miles southwest of Berlin A dispatch filed later but shrouded by a cen sor blackout said the victory flushed army made spectacular new gains in the continued sweep toward Berlin against opposition that had fallen apart The retreat became a rout thousands of Ger man captives streamed to the rear The enemy said that 3rd army columns were approaching Wuerz burg in Vavaria 2Z3 miles from Berlin and had reached Lohr 225 miles from the capital Wuerzburg and Lohr both are barely more than ICO miles from Czechoslovakia long sincebeing rolled u p by mighty Russian arm ies charging in from the east In the north the aist army group was slugging out gains against collapsing German resist ance in a prelude to what may be come the decisive breakthrough of the campaign Ninth army troops fought in the suburbs of Duisburg and within artillery range of such Ruhr industrial cities as Essen Duesseldorf Gelscnkirchen Mul heim and Oberhausen Several miles were gained in the center and south of the north front The first armys past the rugged Rhineland hills into open and sparsely wooded farm country in the heart of had outflanked the whole Ruhr from the south The U S 7th army fighting south ot the 3rd was disclosed to have forced a 19mile long Rhine bridgehead north of outflanked Mannheim and driven 4 miles into inner Germany in the 0rst few hours Seventh army prisoners in 12 days totalled 35000 The Germans said the 3rd army had fought into the streets of Of fenbach an important MaJn river manufacturing city of 80000 5 miles east of Frankfurt Frankfurt itself was hopelessly outflanked and perhaps eva cuated Only the French 1st and new U S loth army have not yet been reported across the Rhine U Gen William H Texas Bill Simpsons 9th army striking through the difficult built up sec tion of the a contin uous city of 5000000 drove 4 miles beyond the Duesseldorf Arnhem superhighway and reached the Lippe river at Gahlen 13 miles east of the Rhine Lt Gen Courtney II Hodges employing a minimum of 5 arm ored divisions east of the original Rhine bridgehead sent motorized infantry close behind the tanks and selfpropelled guns How near the allies in the west and the massed Russians on the cast were from final victory no one could say ;