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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMCNT HISTORY Arj i i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Prcis and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cenls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAKCH 27 1944 This Paper Consols of Two One NO 147 One Mans Opinion A Eadio Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mzsou Sunday 4 p r KHMO Hannibal Tuesday p t WSlil City Thursday p I WO1 Ames triday p m KSCJ Sioux Cilr Friday p t An Iowa the School Teacher I SOMETIMES think that Iowas States literacy table is just about the worst thing that could happen to our state from an educationa standpoint A larger percentage of lowans can read and write thai in any other state in the union Al of us swell up like a load when we reflect on this And in that state of proud inflation we make some utterly unwarranted inferences and deductions One of these is that our achieve ments in literacy are a reflectioi of and the fruits of a superio srhool system And that leads us to say to ourselves Why sliuul we be concerned about improvin our schools when they are alread the best in the land There re sides in that fallacy a mis era bl handicap for our whole educa lional system now and in the fu ture The truth is that our leadershi in literacy is only indirectly con nected with our school system lead in this field largely becau our population includes only relative few who have come from the European nations not blessed with universal education Our ra cial origins rather than our schools are the important element in the literacy picture Idaho happens to be second to Iowa on fhc literacy table Did you ever hear Idaho cited for the excellence of her school system Neither did I ITS high lime then that we ot back take off our rosecolored glasses and have a good look at our edu cational system Lets judge it on its own merits then make some comparisons with the schools of other states And here are just a few of the things were going to discover 1 O u r teachers particularly those in small towns and rural woefully underpaid Z Our teachers are not being reasonable tenure guaran tee and feel insecure from year to year 3 In 99 schools out of 100 no thought has been given to the kind of retirement pay enjoyed by workers in other fields 4 Because our pay is low teacher standards and require ments especially in rural schools are low 5 Reorganization of Iowas school districts is a thing long overdue in hundreds of Iowa com munities All in all the amazing thing is that our schools arc as good as they arc Theyre really better than we deserve thanks to a leav ening of teachers sufficiently con secrated to their calling to carry on despite difficulties and dis couragements And now that we hnve spotted the fundamental shortcomings in our school system whats to be done Where is the starting point for corrective action J4JY OWN notion is that the whole OPA Price Fixing and Rent ontrol Program Upheld in Rulings by Supreme Court Washington supreme court Monday held constitutional he pricefixing provisions of the emergency price control act and the rent control program HIT AIRDROMES IN FRANCE WITH STRONG FORCES Heavy U S Bomber Day Attack Follows RAF Attack on Essen problem will be on its way to solution when it is driven into out thinking that education is the one most important business in Amer ica today 1 came buck from r factfinding mission in S o u 11 America persuaded that our ad vantage over the Latin Americans socially and economically is al most wholly explainable on basis of the educational differen educalional opportunitic weve had and conversely the ed Aicational opportunities thus fa denied to the people of Soutl America Down through the years no dol lar spent by the American taxpay or or more specifically the low taxpayer has borne as abundan dividends as that dollar spent o education Let that basic fact b understood and I am quite confi dent that the corollary will lak care of itelf And what is tha corollary Its lhat our more specifically Iowas school arc suffering and suffering badl from malnutrition simpl have not been willing to put u the money that must he spent o our schools if they are o keep abreast of the times London forces of American liberators and flying fortresses blasted at nazi air dromes in southwest and central France Monday following up a ht assault by RAF bombers on Essen home the Krupp works with 2000 tons of explosives A very strong escort of fijrht crs iucludiiie lightnings thunder bolts and mustangs accompanied Ihe U S bombers into France The terms indicated more than 500 bis bombers and perhaps 700 or more fighters engaged in the strike at the nazi air bases It was the 21st American attack of the month 3 over the record set in February Along with the crushing assault on rebuilt factories at Essen smaller forces British bombers hammered the rubber center ot Hannover 125 miles to the north east and railway targets at Cour tvai in Belgium Sunday night Probably more than 750 RAF night bombers were out By daylight Sunday some 1700 U S planes including heavy bombers struck hard at targets in the coastal areas ot France and Holland Other unspecified targets in western Germany also were at tacked and mines were laid in en emy waters during the sweeping overnight operations which the air ministry said cost a total of 9 planes Clouds made full observation of the results of the attack on Essen impossible the air ministry said but it was apparent that the RAF had dealt another concentrates low at the city in ail effort to ipe out the results of desperate cconstruction work which the crmans have been carrying on i this vital industrial center Essen was last vaidcd in force y the RAF the night o July 25 943 when more than 2000 lon ons o explosives were unloadec n the city as the culmination o series of terrific massed assaults Previously Essen had been tin iain source of Germanys hcav rmament but after the July 2 aid Air Minister Sir Archibalc ir declared that Essen anc vith il Krupps works has b c c i battered He called the results of the pre 7 assaults on Essen catas rophic but warned that th Germans probably would try t epair the damage and that th iAF might have to return t check attempts at reconstructs The great summer assaults wer estimated to have damaged near y twothirds of the Krupp works knocking out at least months of production But th Germans were believed to Iiav repaired about onefifth of th area of some 10000000 squar feet of floor space that had bee damaged Hannover is the site of rub Chief Justice Stone wrote the 63 opinion on appeals by 2 Bos ton meat Rot tenberg and Albert their conviction on charges ot selling wholesale cuts of beef at prices in excess of the OPA max imum They were sentenced to months imprisonment and lincc SI000 each by the federal district court at Boston Justice Roberts read the ma jarity opinion in the absence of Chief Justice Stone Justices Rob erts Rutleilgc and Murphy dis sented Justice Douglas delivered an 8 decision in the rent control case revolving about Mrs Kale C Wit lingham of Macon Ga Chester Bowles OPA adminis trator sought in the federal dis trict court at Macon to restrain Mrs Willingham from prosecut ing state court proceedings seek ing to enjoin the issuance of an order fixing u rent ceiling for her property The district court held the leg islation was an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power The OPA appealed that decision directly to the supreme court The majority opinion stated hat there was no grant of un ridled administrative discretion FLARES ON 120 MILE INDIA LINE Allies Admit Japs Gaining With Drive Across Somra Hills Report Reds Crossing Rumanian Border to Launch Balkans Battle s Airs Willingham argued Congress has not tokl the ad linistrator to fix rents whenever ml wherever he might like at levels he pleases Jus ce Douglas stated Congress has directed that naximum rents be fixed in those reas where defense aclivities ave resulted or threaten to re ult in increased rentals incon istent with the purpose of the ct And il has supplied the stand rd and the base period to guide he administrator in dcterminin vhat the maximum rentals should e in a given area The criteria o guide the administrator are ertainly not more vague than the governing tlse dctcr iiination by the secretary of ag of marketing areas and minimum prices for milk Furthermore the court said To require hearings for thousands ol andlords before any rent cou rol order could be made effec tive might have defeated the pro gram of price control 6r congress might well have thought so Na ioual security might not be able o afford the luxuries of litiga tion and the long delays which Ireliminary hearings traditionally have entailed We fully recognize that even the war power does not remove constitutional limitations safe guarding essential but where congress has provided New Delhi light ing flared along a 120 mile front on the IndoBurmese border Monday and an allied communi que acknowledged that Japanese forces were gaining ground in a drive across the wild Somra hills toward Kohima and the main As samBengal railway A communique from Admiral Lord louis Mountbutteiis south east Asia headquarters revealed liat the northernmost of the 5 major Japanese inading columns ias sweeping north and west lirough Ihe Somra hills in an ob attempt to cut the Assam Bengal line and sever communi ations between allied forges in ide Burma and their Indian bases There was no indication that he British had yet engaged this column in any strength and the communique said the to move in the general liroclion of Kohima Advanced elements of the en emy force were believed within ess than 100 miles of Kohima and only about half that distance from the highway linking that town with Imphal The main battle however ap peared to be developing far to the outh along the Tiddimlmphal highway Strong Japanese forces supported by tanks and artillery were moving up on the main Brit ish positions north of Tiddim with smaller raiding parties slash ing repeatedly inlo the British rear establishing road blocks and machinegun nesls along the highway Headquarters spokesmen indi cated however that the enemy had not yet succeeded in break ing across the Indian frontier in Ihis sector and lhat the main ene my forces still were some 25 miles short of the border and about 80 miles below Imphal Several Japanese tanks that thrust behind the British lines in the enemys familiar infiltration tactics were destroyed and their supporting infantry were driven YANKS ADVANCE THROUGH MANUS ISLAND close to the ground U S troops advance cautiously through wreckage in Loremui village on Manns island during the recent invasion of the Admiralty group Now shattered by bombings and artillery Ore this village was an important Japanese installation in this urea Artillery Duel Rages Over Devastated Cassino Positions Allied Headquarters Naples allied assault on Cassino temporarily stalled short of its objective had changed Monday into an artillery duel in which a superior mass of allied suns was seeking tor judicial review after the reg of lhat town in retreat with heavylosses the communique said Observers believed the Japa nese drive in this sector had been stalled temporarily but it was in dicated thai a fullscale armored batilc was imminent Further lo the northeast heavy fighting was reported continuing between British imperial units and Japanese columns striking westward toward Imphal and Ukhrul some 80 miles northeast ulations or orders have been made effective it has done all that due process under the war emergency Ill dissenting Justice Roberts said that under the rent control provisions of the price control act congress had unconstitution ally delegated the law making power in toto to an administra tive officer I am far from urging that in the present war emergency rents and prices shall not be controlled and stabilized Roberts said But I do insist that war or no war there exists no necessity and no constitutional power for con abdication of its legislative power and remission to an execu tive official of the function of making and repealing laws ap bcr goods and synthetic rubber plicnble lo the citizens of Ihe Japanese pressure in this area is being continued and Ihe enemy has suffered heavy losses the communique said Another strong Japanese ar mored force moving through the Kabaw valley on Imphal aso ap peared to have been stalled and the communique said fighting in that area had slackened RIGHT in the midst of war the president of Britains board of education presented an educational program calling for a doubling the present cost of education to the taxpayer on the theory as he expressed it that if the demo cratic way of life is to be broad ened and made richer each mem ber of society must be given as good an education as the govern ment can provide Thats how education is regarded in other communities Whats Americas record Weve stood back and watched our trained teachers leave their field by the tens of thousands to engage in work for which they are not trained Weve salved our consciences by saying it was from Turn lo Page 2 I plants and important railyards workshops locomotive lank and aircraft parts factories The most important rail center between Germany and the low countries U S bombers have hit it repeat edly Sunday nights foray was the 3rd night in succession that the RAFs heavj bombers had been out over the continent in force The 4engined craft returned to Germany after an interval of only one night since their lasl great blow at the 2800 ton blasting of Berlin Friday night carried out a loss of 73 bombers The venture inlo occupied ter ritory was a followup to the Saturday night heavy bomber as sault in Aulnoye a French railway junction on the Belgian border and Lyon in southeastern France Mosquitos gave Berlin a light go ing over the same night American heavy and medium bombers and fighters massing in the skies in numbers cslimaled to total possibly 1700 beat a rapid tattoo throughout Sunday on lar ets near the coasts of France and the Netherlands and in one foray thunderbolts shot up airdromes wilhin sight of Paris without op position Flying fortresses and liberators loosed thunderous barrages o bombs against the PasdeCalais area and bombed military instal lations in the Cherbourg area 200 miles to the south American ma rauders hit the Ijmuiden docks o Holland The American operations cost o bombers and one fighter United Slates1 Pommel Headquarters Lstablished at Aneta London P Aneta Nelher ands news agency said Monday hat Field Marshal Erwin Rom nel German antiinvasion chief las established headquarters in Jreda occupied Netherlands near he mouth of the Rhine and some 28 miles southeast of Rotterdam Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobcGazcllc carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy with snow beginning extreme wesl portion Monday night Tuesday snow Not much change in tem perature Monday night becom ing colder Tuesday Minnesota Lighl snow Mondaj night and Tuesday Colder Tues day and in north and wesl por lions Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 31 Minimum Sunday night 23 At 8 a m Monday 24 Snow 4 inches Precip 28 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 44 Minimum 29 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 33 Minimum Saturday night 23 At 8 a m Sunday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum nil Minimum 32 SNOW BLANKETS NORTHERN IOWA More Snow Tuesday Predicted for State Des Moincs blanket of rcsh snow covered virtually all of lorthcrn Iowa Monday and the vealher bureau forecast more now for the entire state Tuesday t will begin snowing in the cx reme west portion of the slate londay nighl little change in he temperature is likely Monday light but it will be colder Tues day the bureau added Estherville had inches of snow on the ground Monday norning most of il new Sunday The amount of snow on the iround at other places included Charles City Spencer and Mason 3ity 4 inches Fort Dodge 3 Sioux City 2 Dubuque and Coun cil Bluffs 1 Des Moines three tenths of an inch and Cedar Rap ids twotenths Precipitation reported during the 24 hours up to 7 a m in cluded Estherville 65 an inch Charles Cily 40 Fort Dodge 38 Decorah 20 Iowa Falls 28 Coun cil Bluffs 24 Dubuque 10 Mason City 28 DCS Moincs 12 and La moni 11 The lowest lemperature Monday night was 20 at Sioux Cily and Spencer The mercury hit a stale peak of 37 Sunday at Ames Bur linglon and Iowa City 13th Week Without Ship Loss in Atlantic Begins Washington is the beginning of the 13th week since the navy last announced the sink ing by enemy action of a united nations or neutral merchant ship in Atlantic waters Admit Failure of Allied Drive Against Cassino Allied Headquarters Naples allied attack on Cassino has ended in bloody failure after 12 days of bitter handtohand fighting the U S army newspa per Stars and Stripes conceded Monday while observers indi cated that the Germans had re gained the initiative inside the ruined mountain stronghold The German hold on Cassino and the surrounding hills is al most as strong today as il was before allied bombing planes and artillery levelled the town on March 15 the army publication declared he most determined and valorous fighting on the part of the allied infantrymen and tank crews the Germans have been able to hold on and Monday Iheir grip on this key fortress or the Guslav line is nearly as strong as the Stars and Stripes said For 5 days now New Zealand troops in Cassino and other allied units engaged in a desperate struggle for the slopes below the Benedictine abbey have been un able to make any significant gain1 Germans on the other hand not only have reinforced their units but have been able to infillrale the allied lines and im prove their The Canadian infantrymens newspaper Maple Leaf echoed Ihe U S army publications frank report The allied bid to take Cassino and Monastery hill the hey to the door opening on Home can only be termed a failure an edi torial in thai semiofficial orsaii said The allies havent been in the habit of kidding themselves and this is no time lo start Both newspapers however in sisted that the defeat can by no means be considered final and in dicated that another alloul of fensive to smash the German front in central Italy would be macie The Slurs and Stripes paid tribute to the determined stand made by the Germans even after the lown had been beaten flat by Ihe furious allied bombing and shelling The hard lanatical nazi pura troopers who garrisoned Cassino came up full of fight when the New Zealandcrs burst into the town it said With the tre mendous advantage of Monastery hills batteries on their side these crack German soldiers were able to halt the allies at the lllh hour when victory was almost within our grasp The Germans clung lo a line of very strong defenses in big wrecked buildings on the south west of he town and made them impregnable knock out the troublesome German positions remaining in the towns southwest corner An announcement said allied artillery had begun a systematic campaign to destroy both the Continental hotel and the Hotel Des Roses which the Germans liave converted into fortresses A larfce explosion occurred artillery a cluster of German 6barrelled mortars possibly indicatingan ammuni tion dump was hit The only oilier ground activity at Cassino ivas by patrols The center o infantry activity shifted to the Anxio beachhead where allied forces drove back 2 s m a I 1 raiding parties which probed the center of the line Losses were inflicted on the en emy German guns shelled Ihe left flank of the beachhead line In the air American and Brit ish heavy medium and fightcr I bombers attacked scattered port rmy brought almost complete cessation of enemy activity A in e r i c a n heavy bombers pounded Finnic ItalianJugoslav border area porl the Muniago airdrome SI miles northeast ot Venice and the key railroad yards of Ilimini of the Adriatic coast RAF Wellingtons and liberators bombed the Vicenza railroad yards 40 miles west ot Venice Sunday night A thousand incen diaries and explosions from blockbusters blazed in the yards which link important lines run ning eastward into the Balkans The American bombers anc heirthunderboltlightning escort fought off r0 German fighters bringing down 5 Marauders raided viaducts west if oil the doublctrackef KomcFloreiice railroad Mitchells boiulicil another railroad litii at Perugia 80 miles north u Koine and thunderbiills altaclict 2 mini north and northwest of tin capital Airacobras bombed the liurbui of Casliglioncello 10 miles soull of Leghorn and the nearby Cc cina railroad bridge and spitfire attacked a Gorman camp at Du razzo in Albania Sunday nighl moscjuitos blaslec railroad lines at Orvicto and Fo lonica while warhawks bombed i dan across the Lin river in 111 Fontanu area Latest dispatches from the Cas sino front reported German forces rouping in the ducal palace coliseum area half a mile to the south ol the town possibly for a new thrust against allied posi tions railroad and airfield targets northern Italy Sunday Seven enemy planes were shot down and 5 allied planes arc missing At Cassino at the same time allied guns turned on the Conti nental hotel which the Germans have made n gunbristling thorn inlheside for allied troops and the hotel Des Roses in the same general area at the apex of high way 6 tile Germans trained their artillery on Casllc hill allied held slrong point west of the town which has been extremely troublesome lo the enemy The inactivity of ground Irnops it plain that Ihe llitrcl allied i attack to drive the Germans from I clllb Nlnc bovs wovkctl n Cassino the key to Ihe road to j upstate farms last summer have Home had been unsuccessful j organized the New York City n the mountains north of Casj Farm Cadet 4H club the first of sino snow blocked many roads in ls m metropolis and 4H Club Organized in New York City New York York City j has gone rural and 2 RUSS ARMIES CONVERGING ON FOES FRONTIER Kamenets Podolsk Is Captured Withdrawal of Nazis Is Imperiled London first and second armies of the Ukraine con versed along the frontiers ot Kumania Monday and uncon firmed reports said soviet flying columns hud curried the red urmy banner across the border to oncn the battle of the lijlkans An unconfirmed 151JC broadcast said Russian advance elements had forded the Irut and driven on inlo Rumania to clear the way for a crossing in force London of Kar menets Podolsk encircled Ger man stronghold near the Dnics ler river northeast ol Czcrnowilz was announced by Premier Marshat Stalin Monday in an or der of the day Fall of the city a rail and high way junction 10 miles from Czcr nowilv further imperils the with drawal of icrmnii troops faliin hack after the loss of Iroskurov It lies 8 mills from Ihe Dniester A soviet ring already had been urged about the city which was opplcd by a vigorous blow with ank formations and infantry lalin declared To the southeast other red iriny troops were poised along he Prut river for a strike into Rumania The river border Rumania and Russia where Ihe crmans launched ihe southern wing of their invasion nearly 3 years ago was reached Sunday Russian runs already are laying down a barrage on Ruman ian territory Moscow dispatches said Monday and soviet infantry men were expeclcfl o surge soon across fhc narrow Irtit which they reached on a 5S mile front Sunday only a week afler they spanned he broader Dniester now 6D miles behind them As 21 volleys from JIM guns thundered in Moscow Sunday night and green white yellow rod and purple rockets burst above he city in celebration of Ihe drive to the enemys border the army newspaper Red Slar confidently anticipating a conlinualion of the offensive asserted For the red army theru areno boundaries hcr bouiularies arc victory Berlin and a strait jacket for the mad German valkyrie Premier Marshal Stalin who announced the conquest of part of our slate frontier also reported the capture of the Bessarabian rail city of Bycltsi a victory which closed another German ave nue of retreat from lower Russia Other soviet forces were declared within 20 miles of lasi through which runs the major nazi escape railway from Ihe bit BliicI sea port of Odessa The siircc to tlic 1rut was rc gnrded in London as already dooming a German stand at Odessa ami besieged Nilsolacv Turkish reports thllt Hitler was rushing masses of armored rcin the mountains and cold weather hope to have 100 members by the Adriatic front of the 8th I the cnd of lhjs cop scason Buy War Bonds and j Buy War Savings Bonds and j j Stamps from I carrier boy your GlobeGazette j SUmps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy WORLDS TOUGHEST 2 terrific allied bombings and long weeks of hand to hand fighting stub bornly battling nazi forces infiltrating the ruins of Cas sino by subterranean passages have recaptured of the town They continue to fight fiercely from strategic spots in the bombed ruins The towns flat area is little more than a mile square with hills and mountains as shown in this closcup Sole contact with enemy troops holding Hangmans hill 1 and Hill 202 is from the air On the Abbey hill 2 the fight moves from rock to rock and bloody skirmishes are reported lo be in progress at the railroad freight yards low has a I11 i forccmcnts through Hungary ami HuiiKinia snsKcstcil Out he prob ably would makea stand in Ku mania in an attempt it to save Ihe 1locsti oil fields The Russians were reported within 200 miles of the vital oil regions ami 250 miles from Bu charest Rumanian capita The Russians also hammered out new gains near the middle Dniester river Sunday a soviet communique announcing that Kamunbtz Podolsk in the south western corner o the Ukraine had been encircled and that the red army already was storming through its streets The commun ications center is vita as an es cape gap lor defeated German Iroops streaming from fallen In old Pulaucl where some KuSiMan unils ire miles of the Ill I Bug rivci1 frontier be Uvcon Germany and Russia the 1 red army was declared lo have surrounded Tarnopol bitterly de fended for weeks ami to be wip ing nut the garrison capturing j street after street Other Russian force already had bypassed the city in Iheir drive toward Lwow big communicalions center German broadcasts asserted that the Russians had Ihrown 100000 men a new drive alone the Mogilev seclor of White Russia but the rcporl had no soviet confirmation The Russians in their epic military comeback since the nazisi hammered at Stalingrad and swept so close lo Moscow lhat its people could hear the boom ot btg guns and sec the flashes ot exploding shells have recovered j all except about 60000 square I miles of pre1939 Russian terri i lory Since Stalingrad they have marched back 800 miles 7 ;