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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS A HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AUL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 27 1942 SECXIONS NO 143 RUSSIANS LAND BEHIND NAZI LINES Japs Increase AerialJZombardment of Corregidor IS PRESIDENT Of PHILIPPINES WITH MARTHUR Manuel Quezon and War Cabinet Arrive Safely in Australia UNITED STATES ARMY HEADQUARTERS Australia Manuel Quezon o the Philippine commonwealth and the Filipino war cabinet have ar rived in Australia to rejoin Gen Douglas MacArthur it was an nounced officially Friday A statement issued at headquar ters here said President Quezon and the ivar cabinet of the common government of the Philippines are rejoining Gen eral MacArthur in headquarters m Australia with the approval of both the American and the Australian governments Col Legrande Diller Genera MacArthurs spokesman added that the Quezon party already had arrived in Australia It was stated that since the foe ginning of the war Quezon had i been exercising his govemmenta functions in close cooperation I with MacArthur and had been lo cated at the generals headquar I ters This arrangement will be con j tinued it was explained The president was accompanied r to Australia by his family as wel sinceheleft Manila prior to the Japanese occupation of the city Jan 2 have been an official secret though he has been mentioned irom time to time in dispatches referring to his temporary capita in the Philippines Only last Saturday the Tokio radio broadcast reports that Quezon had died at Cebu Sev eral conflicting stories were told by the Japanese and other axis sources one version saying Que zon had died after an illness and another declaring he had been murdered on orders from Gen eral MacArthnr Official sources in Washington did not trouble to comment on the Tokio reports which were re garded in some quarters as a fish ing expedition to learn Quezon true whereabouts Quezon took the oath of office for his second term as president of the Philippine commonwealth on Dec 30 Early this month he issued a proclamation from his temporary capital that the Fili pmos spirit of resistance is un daunted and that his people would fight on to the end MANUEL QUEZON Australia COCHRANE TO GREAT LAKES GREAT LAKES 111 U S navy Friday ordered Gordon Stanley Mickey Cochrane for mer manager of the Detroit Tigers active duty as in the U S navalreserve to assist m the navys physical hardening program Part of Cochranes duties will beHo coach the Great Lakes naval training station varsity base ball team through its summer ex hibition schedulp He is expected to have a num ber of former big league and col lege baseball stars playing for him Report Most of Bombs Fall in Manila Bay WASHINGTON wa department reported Friday tha the Japanese increasing the in tensity of their aerial bombard ment of Manila bay harbor de fenses made seven successive at tacks on Corrcgidor in the las 24 hours with the island unde bombardment almost continu ously from morning until midnigh Jhursday The aerial attacks were re sumed early Friday The de partment said in a communi que however that most of the bombs teirin the bay and those which struck the island caused little damage Antiaircraft fire was believed to have hit sever al planes In Bataan the department said there was a number of sharp clashes between Datrols and troop and truck movements behind th Japanese lines indicated that in creased activity could be expected A patrol of AmericanPhilip pine troops made a successful raid on a strong enemy position the communique said The arrival of President Manue Quezon and members of the Phil ippine war cabinet in Australia also was reported in the communi que which said that since the war started Quezon had occupied joint headquarters with Genera MacArthur cooperating closely with him and that this arrange ment was being continued with thi approval of the American ani Australian governments PINNED IN CAR 5 HOURS Thorvald Sorenson Clear Lake Injured by Crash Into Tree Thorvald Sorenson 23 farmer residing 4Vi miles north of Clear Lake was pinned behind the steering wheel of his car for five hours Friday morning after j struck a large tree in the grove of a farmyard about 8 miles wes of Mason City about 2 oclock ii the morning While he waited for someone to pass by unable to free himself snow fell and the temperature went down to 21 degrees Sorenson did not know how the accident occurred when officers from the Highway Patrol and sheriffs office rescued him about 7 o clock Friday morning The car had left the road and ran headon into the tree at the edge of the grove The motor had stopped when the car struck the tree Officers believed Sorenson must have gone to sleep while driving His chest was crushed and he was bleeding when members of the farm where the accident occurred found him Friday morning Sorenson was taken to the Mercy hospital for treatment RALEIGH N Car Three men were arrested here and charged with stealing the same automobile twice on consecu tive nightsyfrom the same place Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Little change temperature Lowest Friday night Mason City 18 Diminish ing winds late Friday afternoon and Friday night IOWA Somewhat colder extreme east portion Friday little change m temperature Friday night and m west and central portions Friday Gradually diminishing winds in west and central por tions MINNESOTA Light snow in west and south and light rain chang ing to snow in northeast portion Friday ending in extreme southwest Friday afternoon and m Portion Friday night Gradually diminishing winds IN MASON CITY flobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday Minimum in night At 8 a m Friday Precipitation YEAH AGO Maximum Minimum 48 21 27 07 40 iH This Is Meaning of Mass War Product ion Proposes Move to Stop More US Foreign Industry Plans Arnold Seeks to Prevent Further Cartel Arrangements WASHINGTON Arnold assistant attorney gen eral proposed to a senate com mittee Friday a requirement that in the future all agreements be tween American and foreign in dustries be registered with a full explanation of their purpose Set forth Arnold made the recom mendation to the senate defense investigating committee as one means of preventing such cartel arrangements as that between the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey and I G Farben of Germany which Arnold pre viously testified had frustrated development of a synthetic rub ber industry in this country In asking legislation to sup plement the present inadequacies of the law Arnold said that dis closure of ihe relations between Note to Readers As 3 matter of fairness it should be borne in mind by readers that the concern in volved in this governmental action is the Standard Oil Com pany of the Standard Oil Company of Indi ana which serves this region The tiro companies are separate and distinct standard and I G Farben should be regarded as a great education al Jesson to the American people wish to point out and em phasize he told the committee that Standard Oil is a guinea pig n this situation It docs not stand out alone This sort of thing was going on in a large number of American industries I do not think it is an ex treme statement to say in most of the basic war materials we S sfanllar carte agreement Therefore we would lose the point of this hearing if the com mittee simply denounced Stand rd Oil We need Standard Oil vith its technicians and its organ zation to help us win the war By the consent decree that ompany has indicated its willing less to make restitution in the um of millions of dollars and nt he cost of its future domination f the industry We may well be ratefui to that company for put ing its arrangements in writing nd thus to furnish an object les on of the results of international artels Arnolds testimony Thursday gave a picture of Germanys mechanized divisions rolling on synthetic rubber made by an exclusive American pro process which he said Standard Oil had denied to American manufacturers almost without exception Ihink this approaches trea son was the comment Chairman Truman DMo of the commit tee made on this situation Continuing his testimony Fridav the assistant attorney general said The importance ot this hear ing lies in formulating a construc tive program to eliminate tha kind of practices here set out not in Standard Oil which has paid the penalty but in other basic in dustries It is obvious that this kind of practice on an extended scale throughout industry has been one of the causes why we are short of basic materials If it continues it will contribute to inefficiency of production throughout lie war If it con tinues after the war it will keep us in a continuous state of un preuaredncss To stop a repetition of the cartel system in America Arnold made these recommendations 1 The government should encourage either through its own agencies through universi ties through foundations or through subsidies to private in dustry research which would lead to improvements in basic processes which improvements would be available to all 2 Private research should in no way be discouraged How ever the patent system should not be permitted to impede the progress of science and the use ful arts 3All patent license agree ments should be registered with the requirement that a full ex planation of the terms on which they are granted be set out M All agreeents with indus tries in foreign nations should be registered with a full expla nation of their purpose 5 The cost of preventing such cartel restrictions in the future is eternal vigilance and the existence of a wide awake investtgating agency to enforce the Sherman antitrust act Truman said Thursday he had no doubt that the nazis had made prompt use of the Americandis covered process which Arnold said Standard its discoverer had turned over to I G Farben before America entered the war The sole motiVe was an attempt on the part of the Standard Oil to get a protected market and to eliminate independent competi tion and finally to restrict pro duction in world markets in order to maintain that control He said there is essentially no difference between what the Standard Oil of New Jersey has done in this case and what other companies did in restricting the production of magnesium alumi num tungsten carbide drugs dye stuffs and a variety of other criti cal materials for the war S Truman said that because of ihe delay in getting the syn thetic rubber program started there was little hope that tires could be produced with it for ordinary civilian uses until early in 1945 He said Stand ard would be called upon to produce 200000 out of 400000 tons in the current program just getting started with the re mainder being manufactured by United States Rubber Firestone Goodyear and Goodrich Most of the production through 1943 and 1944 would be for mili tary use he said Citinga consent decree entered early this week in federal district court in New Jersey Arnold said Standard now would be compelled to license anyone royally free under the valuable synthetic rub ber patents and must further make available the technical knowledge of how to operate these patents I must confess Arnold said in the portion of his statement to be put in the record Friday that I was reluctant to sign the decree because the decree does not have in it a provision allowing cither the attorney general or the court to pass upon the future relations be tween I G Farben and Stand ard Oil Arnold was recalled before the committee Friday to complete reading a lengthy prepared state ment in which he charged Stand ard of New Jersey had frustrated the creation of an American syn thetic rubber industry because of an agreement giving the German company a virtual world rightof way for manufacture of the pro duct in return for concessions on oil and synthetic gasoline Arnolds disclosures were such that Truman told reporters he was convinced Standard had held up ihe synthetic rubber program for its own welfare and benefit even after we got in the war I think this trca method the committee was son the committee chairman tola synthetic rubber which better and cheaper than the Gcr mans was made from natural gasoline Arnold told the committee that he synthetic rubber arrangements were not entered into with any desire to aid or assist Germany rapped and Im going to give the company officials an oppor tunity to explain why it isnt if they can Buy your acrcnse savings slamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office YANKS STRIKE 70 MILES INTO THAILAND AREA Flying Tigers of AVG Surprise Japs in Raid at Chiengmai By DANIEL DE LUCE MAYMp Burma JP The Flying Tigers of the American volunteer group struck 70 miles deep into Thailand early Friday in simultaneous raids on Japa nese air fields at Chiengmai and Lampun destroying more than 10 enemy planes The Chinese headquarters an nounced that the Americans flying sharktoothed IMO fight ers which survived the rain of bombs in a heavy Japanese bombing of central Burma last week surprised 40 to 50 Japa nese planes on the ground at Chiengroai These were said to have in cluded fighters bombers and three or four transport planes Diving into the teeth of intense defense fire the Americans raked the Japanese aircraft with incen diary bullets starting seven fires the Chinese announcement said Three Japanese planes were said to have been destroyed in a single blaze In addition to the planes known to havebeen destroyed at Chieng mai several others probably were put out of action at Lampun less than 20 v irtd of the Japanese planes which dealt the battering blow last week to an RAF and AVG base in central Burma last week were believed to have come from Chiengmai and Lampun The fact that both these Japa nese bases were wide open for the dawn attack was taken by the American flyers as an indi cation that the Japanese be lieved the AVG had been Knocked out in the central Burma bombing or weakened too much for a retaliation raid Fridays raid however ave evidence that the Flying Tigers as ihe Chinese call the Americans still are in the fight although in operations over the past weekend they have been outnumbered sometimes eight to one BOMBERS RAID PORT MORESBY One of Jap Planes Shot Down in Flames Second Is Driven Off CANBERRA Japan ese bombers gave Port Moresby ils 20th raid Friday but one was shot down in flames by allied fighter planes and the other was driven off before causing damage The attack on the key allied outpost on the south coast of New Guinea was announced by Prime Minister John Curtin in a com munique which disclosed that united States and Australian bombers had struck anew at Koepang Japaneseseized base in Dutch Timor The communique said their at tack on shipping in the harbor driven home despite bad weather Japanese planes at Port Mores by tried to get through antiair craft fire to bomb an airdrome Bombs were dropped but no casualties were caused and there was no damage the communique said Two of our fighters inter cepted one of the Japanese bomb ers One tf our pilots delivered two bursts which set an engine on lire The other pilot then got in another two bursts setting fire to Ihe remaining engine and causing the enemys plane to crash in flames Jailbreaker Back in Council Bluffs Cell COUNCIL BLUFFS Birt 19 who Sheriff Riley Nelson said sawed his way out of the Pottawattamie county jail Monday light was back in a cell Friday Policemen spotted him late Thursday at 28th street and Ninth avenue and apprehended him after a short fool race Birt Was lailcd originally on a charge of breaking and entering How Hitler Might View His Prospects By DEWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst Americans naturally have been viewing the war and especially since Pearl Harbor from the standpoint of what the allies have to do to beat the axis A succes sion of setbacks has sometimes caused gloomy reflections and made the days ahead appeai spaced with terrific hurdles Certainly there has been and still is reason for anxiety but the other fellow also has his worries and it sometimes is use ful to try to gauge the situa tion from his viewpoint How then does the axis generalis simo Herr Hitler regard the prospects What for instance would be the retort of the mystic of Berchtesgaden to the latest pro nouncement by his arch enemy Britains square jawed Premier Churchill who declares the allies cant lose this war except through their own fault or their own fail ure to use their combined over whelming strength and to use their multiplying opportunities Again would this Herr Hitler who says he is divinely ordained to carry out his program for the Fatherland and who has climbed the highest peaks of military suc cess agree with our assistant sec retary of state A A Bcrle that the summer of 1942 will make it plam that the nazi rulers of Ger many have lost the war and have decreed their own ruin Or what wonM nail chief say ta Bcrlec further uwriton lion from SMIMS inside Ger many making it clear Out the Germans themselves know there can be but one end The Ger man people know as we know that no provision has been made by the nazi government for the year 1943 Der fuehrer has the answers for let none imagine that the mind which conceived all the deviltry that enabled him to over run Europe hasnt also figured out his chances of ultimate victory Certainly up to the time of his attack on Russia he felt that the world was his How now First off Hitler has made it clear that he agrees with the con sensus ot military experts that this probably is the decisive year of the conflict That is the fight ing this spring and summer likely will give us a prcvicw of the end We shall see clearly whos who and whats what Beyond that the nazi chief and his captains have acknow ledged recently that they face a Titanic task Their appeals to their people show worry Sure ly the best that Hitler claims in his heart is that he has a chance to a big gamble with Hie odds heavily against him In any event he must view the po sition through a glass darkly what with the once shattered England now armed to the teeth the United States pouring its vast resources into the con flict and the red avalanche grinding down on his armies from the still snowdrifted steppes By word and deed Herr Hitler has shown his agreement with the view that any hopes he has ot winning the war must hang on two utter smashing of England by invasion or the breaking through into the Cau casus or middle east to get frcD supplies lack of which in them selves would spell defeat We know that he has been de bating the possibilities of invad ing England Success would re move t h a t terrifying British blockade which slowly has been garrotmg him ever since the war began it would free the waters oE the European Atlantic and the Mediterranean it would ground fleet of royal warplanes ch has increasingly darkened the sky of western Europe until it has achieved superiority over the enemy But as often explained in this column invasion of Britain now with the country set for the blow would be a act of desperation ivnich could scarcely succeed Hit ler recognizes that and seems to be heading for a breakthrough suPPics The battle u e which is boiling up on the Russian front is going to be fearsome and bloody and it may be decisive CONFERENCE CANCELLED WASHINGTON usjvclis Drcss conference scheduled for Friday has been cancelled the white house an nounced SAY CONFUSION IS CAUSED BY SURPRISE MOVE Giant RAF Bombers Smash at Great Krupp Plant Other Targets MOSCOW flVThe Moscow radio declared Friday night that Russian troops had been landed from warships of the red fleet be hind the German battlefront in a big surprise movement on the far northern Murmansk front It said the Russian landings caused great confusion among the Germans The and air forces are cooperating with the land troops Dispatches from the Arctic front Thursday told of a raid by 86 German planes on Murmansk but said 11 were shot down and that no damage was done to the im portant port The value of Murmansk is its potentiality as a gigantic terminus for supplies irom the United States and Britain and there have been increasing indications that the Russians were using it more and more extensively Fridays daring thrust seemed aimed at treeing it still further from German threat the growing BRITISH BLAST AT GERMAN TERRITORY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Giant fourengine British bomb ers perhaps 250 strong and carry ing twoton explosives smashed at Germanys great Krupp munitions works and other nazi war foun dries in the Ruhr Thursday night pressing the spring aerial offen sive in one of the heaviest assaults if the war i pUnes beat off German thrust turning the ers back after a brief tight high over the English southeast coast Tlic air ministry said Friday the huge bomber force concentrated on Essen home of the Krupp works striking in squadron after squad ron and also pounded enemy air dromes in Germanoccupied Hol land an oil refinery near Ghent and the dotks at Le Havre France The air ministry acknowledged the loss of 13 bombers the Ger man high command said nazi anti aircraft gunners and night fighters shot down 1G in raids over west ern Germany It was the second successive night of heavy RAF assaults on the Ruhr industrial valley and British quarters pointed out that the RAFs attempts to flatten the Krupp works came just when the production of tanks and muni lions are vitally needed for Adolf Hitlers spring offensive Fighter planes destroyed one German bomber in combat the communique said It was announced that in a daring low level attack off the German North sea Frisian islands Thursday coastal com mand planes hart scored a direct hit on a medium sized supply ship The air ministry said that in the Ruhr raid industrial objectives were heavily bombed Before the great bombers had gone across the North sea to at tack Germany a formidable bombing force escorted by fight ers had attacked the French in vasion port of Lc Havre raining bombs on docks and German ship ping In wild do fights the fighter planes shot down eight German planes for the British loss of two One bombing plane was shot down by antiaircraft gun fire after releasing its bomb load The heartening British offen sive against Germany was matched by Ihe route of a Ger man air fleet over Malta the most bombed spot in the world Thursday In the 1600th raid of the war on Malta the Germans lost two McsscrschmCdt planes for certain and four Sluka dive bombers probably destroyed Eleven dive bombers were dam aged and it was telicved that more were probably damaged The Royal Air Force lost no planes The Royal Air Force permitted the disclosure Friday that the rea son Britain has been able to claim specific devastation of target areas industrial Germany was that it was now using the fastest airplane in the country for photographic reconnaissance This plane for instance was able to fly over Cologne at 1 000 feet altitude in broad daylight completely unarmed and take photographs which showed that great areas of the city were lev elled in a British raid March 13 The plane takes its pictures with a camera let into the floor ;