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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME nisrosv ots c n M P NT OF A HO ARCHIVES HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUtL LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS t vyj jjj1 A WO SECTIONS r 142 KILLS 31 Report Jap Pressure in Burma Mounts INVADING UNITS Nichols 88 Prominent in Local Business Life Dies Was Leading Figure in Wholesale Fruit Trade for Many Years D Nchols 3a prominent British Say Nipponese Using Chutists to Foment Native Uprisings CLAIMED TO BE HEARING PROME NEW DELHI India Mounting Japanese pressure against united nations lines in Burma from south and cluding the use of parachutists to foment native in dicated by the British commu nique Thursday From the south a large mixec force presumably including Thais or antiBritish Burmese alohg with the re ported within 40 miles of Prome in the push up the Irrawaddy val ley toward that town and the rich oilfields of inner Burma On the east where a Japa nese push over the Thailand border apparently is aimed at Mandalay Chinese forces were said to have beaten hack a force of 800 Japanese and Thais north of Mong Tung inflicting heavy casualties and capturing a French officer Although the invaders have by passed Toungoo 150 miles inland from Rangoon and about 200 miles south of Mandalay the war bulletin said Chinese forces there are well dug in and will hold on until relieved A military commentator saidim London that the situation in the to send t sufficient reinforcements to dislodge the Japanese from their position astride the road north of Toungoo The commentator said that the heavy Japanese thrust ap parently was developing against British forces blocking the Ir rawaddy route to Prome and the oil fields and to the overland route on west to India Japanese occupation of the Andaman islands in the Bay ol Bengal was believed to foresha dow a similar invasion and occu pation of the Nicobar islands to the south between Andaman and northwestern Sumatra One force of Japanese and Thais was said to have been dealt heavy casualties by the Chinese on the Toungoo front The communi que said united nations losses were remarkably small owing particularly to the sturdy resist ance of the Chinese Another enemy force also ap parently of considerable size was reported in the area to the south east between Tharrawaddy and Minhla 20miles north o contact as yet had been made in the direction of the mountain range separating the Irrawaddy and SiUans rivers Hie communique said It reported that the enemy was dioppjng isolated parachutists presumably for the purpose of or ganizing Burmese fifth column is Is The war bulletin added that the Flying Tigers of the American volunteer group and British air men disabled about 10 Japanese planes and damaged many others m a raid on the Chiengmai airfield in Thailand March 24 This was the surprise dawn swoop Tuesday in which the AVG already had been reported to have o destroyed or damaged 40 to enemy planes 50 to discuss important problems the Rome newspaper was cheaper and i Giornaie Dllalian reported Germany had t in a dispatch from II dor to Turkey Their discussions in the German capital were reported to include some means of nullifying pros pects of a clash with Turkey while at the same lime preying efforts for an offensive into the oilrich Caucasus j uu 11 juuiijineni in the business and civic life of this community for 40 years died Wednesday afternoon at his home 204 Seventh street northwest Mr Nichols had been confined to his bed since March 3 when he was taken ill suddenly after enjoying good health throughout his life For 30 years up to the time of his retirement in 1932 Mr Nichols was a leading figure in the whole sale fruit business in North Iowa Mr Nichols started his business career at a youthful age Born on June 13 1858 at Allen Mich he went to Sullivan III when 16 years of age to work in an uncles grocery store Four years later he went to Kalamazoo Mich lo enter a business college Upon the com pletion of the course of stuJy he entered the grocery business at Quincy Mich It was there that he met and in 1881 married Miss Louise Barnes who died in St Paul 10 years later When Mr Nichols and his family moved to St Paul from Quincy he was for a time engaged in the grocery business following which he became traveling sales man for Hoxie and Jaeger a wholesale fruit company In 1894 Mr Nichols became as sociated with E P Stacy and Sons a wholesale fruit company JAY D NICHOLS sales representative In IBM He was married to Mrs FtaHne AGram of Minneapolis who survives him Mr Nichols in 1902 estab lished a branch of E P Slacy and Sons in Mason City and was made company vice presi dent and manager of the branch This branch house at first had jfs offices in the basement of the Kirk apartments y y When this building burned Mr Nichols moved his establishment to the basement of a building on the site of the present Gamble store Later the business was con ducted in the basement of the ilks lodge building then on the site of the present M B A build ing As business expanded the branch was moved into its own building on Delaware avenue southeast Branches also were opened at Oskaloosa and Marshalltown and later abandoned The growth of the business in the Mason City territory more than kept pace with the population until the E P Stacy and Sons branch became thd leading wholesale fruit establish ment in North Iowa and southern Minnesota In September 1332 E P Stacy and Sons sold out its in terests to the General Fruit company Since then Mr Nichols had been retired from active business He continued however to manifest keen in terest in his farm near GraEton and made frequent trips there to watch the progress of crops and livestock One of his hobbies was words and their meaning Always at his side in his home was a well worn dictionary Whenever he came across a word he didnt fully un derstandhe urianaWy looked it up and thensotight an early op portunity to use theword Besides his wife Mr Nichols is survived by a son Ray H Nichols Clear Lake and a daugh ter Mrs Dorothy M Dibble and four grandchildren Patricia Ann Dibble Dories Rae Dibble Diana Dibble and Bill Nichols as well as two nieces Mrs Hugo Stollev Milwaukee and Miss Leora G Field Washington D C Mr Nichols was a member of the First Congregational church and for many years a member of the board of trustees of that church He was also active in the Elks Knights of Pythias Modern Woodmen and all the Masonic bodies Funeral services will be held Friday afternoon at 2 oclock at the Patterson funeral home with the Masonic lodge in charge of services The Rev Roy C Hel fenstein pastor of the First Con gregational church will officiate Burial will be at Elm wood ceme ejy Claims Superior Synthetic Rubber Method Given Nazis Arnold Says Patents Just Turned Over by REPORT TURKS RECALL ENVOYS Italian Paper States Ambassadors to Moscow Axis Nations to Confer BERN Switzerland luooer m inis country Hugh Key has recalled her ambassadors Fulton committee counsel asked to Moscow and to the axis natinnc Then Standard rWrlnnnrf Oil Firm to U S WASHINGTON Arnold assistant attorney general testified Thursday that the Stand ard Oil company of New Jersey had developed a synthetic rubber that was cheaper better and more plentiful than any the nazis had and had turned it over to German interests before the United States entered the war Anold toid the senate defense investigating committee that until a consent decree entered into Wednesday Standard Oil had held back even in this rubber shortage in making the patents on the synthetic product available to American rubber companies When Arnold read documents ie said showed Standard had stifled the production of syn thetic rubber in this country Hugh Filton committee counsel asked Then Standard developed syn i utiiiuiii MIJvijiujjuu political thelic rubber in this country that wspaper was cheaper and more plentiful Germany had Thats right Arnold replied many are the principal cause of our present shortage of synthetic lubber Testifying before the senate defense investigating commit tee Arnold said however that these arrangements were not entered info with any desire to aid or assist Germany The sole motive said the as sistant attorney general was an aUempt on the part of the stand ard Oil to get a protected market to eliminate independent competi tion and finally to restrict pro duction in world markets in or der to maintain that control The agreements between Stand ard Oil and the German dye trust were ended by a consent decree announced Wednesday in which the company agreed to free to American industry its patents on synthetic rubber The company six subsidiaries and tnrec top officials were fined a of 550000 for violation of the antitrust law They pleaded nolo contcndere Arnold said fie wished the case o be considered not as one which singled out the Standard Oil company of New Jersey but as a dramatic illustration of the viciousncss of an indus trial practice that restricts pro I ductton in order to dominate Cnc market The assistant attorney general who is chief of the justice depart ments antitrust division prcv ously had testified that cartel ar rangements between Standard and the I G iarbenindustric of Ger the decree and did not contes the antitrust charges because its war work was more important than obtaining possible court vin dication by trials would take months HEAVY RAID to RUHR DISTRICT IS MADE BY RAF Hundreds of Planes Drop Tons of Bombs on Industrial Areas LONDON UR Hundreds of giant British bombing planes rained hundreds of tons of bombs during the night on the Ruin heart of German war industry in probably the greatest raid of the new British spring aerial offen sive For hours the British planes reported to number at least 300 hurled bombs on picked targets in key industrial areas mixing incendiary with heaviest type explosive bombs by the light of a spring moon Early reports to well informed quarters said the raid was a successful one and the British planes which included the heavi est new bombers had dealt a body blow to the areas attacked plastered them in quick hearty said fashion an informant The British attack was all the more ferocious because it followed a pause necessitated by the pres ence of fog around air fields 100 British Planes Roar Over London LONDON nighi of about 100 British bombers roared over London Thursday Headed for the south coast The observed Hylnr straight over the central section of London Wins after wins of bombers flyingin formations of 12 droned across the city whjch had interrupted the prom ised bombing offensive For days conditions were such that bombing planes had they faken off would have been unable to land again because of the fog Wednesday night the fog dissi pated suddenly and the raiders were off for Germany It was made known that the bomber command hart its planes all charted to take full ad vanlage of the good weather while it lasted and it was indi cated that the nights attack was only the first in a series The air ministrys communique the Royal Air Force very heavily bombed the industrial area It said docks at St Nazaire in occupied France also were bombed and that many mines were laid in enemy waters Eleven bombers were missing A large number of night pho tographs were taken and now are being examined the communique added These photographs con firm reports of results achieved during recent bombinas particu larly of the Ruhr on the night of March 9in and of Cologne the night of March 1314 BRITISH AGAIN7 GIVE WARNING TO PARIS VICHY The British air force again warned Paris Wednes day night during an hour and a half pamphlet raid that it would return to bomb other French fac tories working for the Germans Pamphlets dropped during an alert which lasted from 11 p m to a m said in effect We al ready have bombed the Renault plant we will bomb other plants working for the Germans By daylight Wednesday the RAF bombed a ship building yard at Trait on Rouen the Seine river near Reasons Why Train Was an Hour Late PARSONS Kans is what impatient travelers waitin for the hourlate Katy passenger train didnt know At San Marcos Tex the con ductor dropped dead on the plat form Outside of town the train struck a motor car killing three persons Jveanng Parsons a Mexican woman passenger gave birth to a baby BERG SEEKS REELECTION r Ifj announced his candidacy for reelection He pre viously had been mentioned a possible candidate for lieutenant governor in the republican June primaries Corregidor Is Slight WASHINGTON war departmentreported Thursday that 54 heavy Japanese bombers participated in a sixhour attack on the island forts at the entrance of Manila bay concentrating on Corregidor and that defending antiaircraft batteries shot down four of the planes The defending troops suffered only a few casualties the depart ment said in a communique and damage to the fortifications slight There were sharp skir mishes along the entire front in Bataan the department added The bag of four enemy bombers i this attack brought to seven the number shot down by anti aircraft fire since the Japanese launched their sudden renewal of largescale aerial bombardment in the Philippines two days ago RAM SUB NEW ORLEANS rim little freighter anonymous be cause the captain and navy cen sors want it that way sank a nazi submarine by turning on it sud denly and ramming it simply be cause the ships creiv was unwill ing to be torpedoed without doing anything about it navy officials said Thursday The ship without guns armor plate or any other offensive or de fensive equipment turned sud denly on the Uboat and rammed it sinking it without question the captain said The submarine believing itself safe had surfaced and fired a tor pedo at the looming hulk of the ship It was at night and the cap tain said it was sheer luck that the salvo missed A second torpedo missed be cause the crew acting as a unit manned the decks and helped swing the little ship around sud denly in a sharp maneuver that carried it directly at the subma The submarine expecting an easy victory was unprepared and could not escape She did not crash dive indicating that the hatches were open in preparation to shelling The action look place early this year less than ICO miles from Colon at the gulf entrance lo the Panama canal but news of it did not leak put until Thursday The ship put in dry dock here for re pairs to her bow WARN AGAINST DIVIDED GROUPS Green and Murray Hit Proposal to Suspend Closed Shop Overtime WASHINGTON X William Green president of the American Federation of Labor and Philip Murray CIO chief jointly advised congress Thursday against pass ing labor legislation which might start an undeclared war among ourselves and divide the nation into groups fighting each other In statements prepared for presentation before the house naval committee they assailed a bill to suspend the closed shop and extra pay for overtime in war plants and said it was dic tated by labors enemies I charge that the sponsors and supporters of this bill are now waging an undeclared war against President Roosevelt and against the workers of America who be lieve in the policies of his admin istration said Green in his state ment Murray declared the naval com mittee had the responsibility of correcting misinformation that has been sponsored and fostered by antilabor groups x x x and of rebuking once and for all those groups our nation into The American federation of labor head told the committee that we cannot afford in the nations crisis o Jake time out Jo another and undeclared war among ourselves here in America Said Murray This is not tne lime for any patriotic American citizen to ma spread about labor or to divide this na tion into groups fighting each other instead of cur common exis Wake Avenger Gets Medal PRflRF CTARTFR razm I HUDL 01HHILU BY FBI AGENTS AT EASTON PA This is a general view of ceremonies aboard an aircraft avT Harbor Hawaii during which Admiral Chester Nimitz pins the Distinguished Service Medal on Vice Admiral William F Halsey who led successful raids on the Gilbert and Marshall islands and later led the devastating raids on Wake island scene of United States marines gallant doomed stand Dec 723and on Marcus island The latteris within 950 miles of Tokio MacArthur Pledges Nations Resources to Bring Victory Declares There Can Be No Compromise Is Confident of Victory CANBERRA G e n e r a Dpu glas M a c A r t h ur ipledgei u no compromise we shall win 01 we shall die and to this end I pledge you the full resources of all the mighty power of my country and all the blood of my countrymen At the height of a historic dinner in par liament house the first Ameri can commander ever to lead MacArthur united forces of United States and Australian troops declared his u n b r e a k able faith of a free ultimate victory There is a link that binds our countries together he declared I have come as a soldier in a great crusade of personal liberty as opposed to perpetual slavery My faith in our ultimate victory is invincible I bring you tonight the un breakable faith of a free man Prime Minisier John Curlin who pored over battle plans with IVIacArthur before the din ner declared that under lie American concrals leadership the war can be fought with dynamic energy and inflexible purpose Curlin declared that MacArthur had the fullest confidence of Aus tralias war council Curtin said MacArlhur gave us inspiration for the struggle and his direct and clear thinking in all that is involved have im pressed us deeply Outlining the matters discussed at the war council meeting with MacArthur Curtin said the enemys tactics were reviewed and a basis for counteraction was fully explored Forced as we arc to battle on our oun soil Curtin said the plans we arc making arc not matters for publication I have no doubt that just as we can surprise the enemy we will gratify ourselves News of what we have done and not news of what we intend will be the only hind of news which the war council can from now on make available MacArthur in his new role of mited nations supreme com with the commonwealths leaders as soon as he arrived here Thurs day on his first visit to the Aus tralian capital Dispensing with all formalities VlacArthur went at once to Cur tins chambers after receiving at arhament house the cheers of a small group of officials among whom was Army Minister Francis Torde Members of the war council vere present at the conference bc wcen the prime minister and the sternfaced MacArthur prelude o a series of important military sessions in which cabinet minis ters and highranking United States and Australian army offi cers will participate next week MacArthur Came here by auto mobile from his headquarters somewhere in Australia FORECAST DROP IN TEMPERATURE Ram Changing lo Snow Also Predicted by Weatherman in Iowa DES MOINES Iowa flowers anci buds which thought spring had arrived may be in for a session of chillblains Much colder and rain chang ing to snow was the weather mans forecast Thursday with be lowf ro ezi iig temperatures in prospect for every section of the state but the southeast Strong winds also were predicted The shippers forecast lister these minimum readings for Fri day morning Northwest Iowa 20 southwest 24 northeast 30 southeast 35 All this follows summertime 73 temperature Wednesday at Dav enport thewarmest spot in the state Wednesday nights low was 29 at Sioux City A pouring rain Wednesday ami Wednesday night measured 129 inches nt Sioux City 98 inch at Cherokee 70 at Fort Dodge 54 at DCS Moincs 47 at Cedar Rap ids and 45 at Ames Woman 20 Mother of 5 Is Granted Divorce SIOUX CITY divorce and a month support money was granted Wednesday to Mrs Juanita Leedom 20 who was married at 15 and has five chil dren Her husband Claude 22 was charged with cruelty Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Much colder rain in east portion rain changing to snow in west portion Thursday Strong winds MINNESOTA Kain changing to snow and becoming much cold er in extreme west portion Thursday afternoon and over entire state by Friday forenoor with near blizzard conditions developing strong winds Ad vise stockmen IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 61 Minimum Wednesday night 48 At 8 a m Thursday 43 At 10 a m Thursday At 2 p m Thursday Ha in YEAR AGO Maxinuim Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 34 23 inch 34 26 trace trace i Cement Plant Chief Reports 3 Airplanes Circled Over Area EASTON Pa least 31 men were killed Thursday in the explosion of 20 tons ot dynamite at a cement quarry and federal bureau of investigation agents be gan an immediate investigation of reports of sabotage James Gish superintendent of the Lehigh Portland Cement company which operates the quarry five miles from here said three airplanes circled the area before the blast shook a luumile area of eastern Pennsyl vania injured 12 children in a nearby school and leveled several homos and barns in the immediate vicinity Gish old investigators that an assistant foreman John Petty saw three planes circling over the quarry from a m when the men reported for work until a moment after the explosion The superintendent said he be icvcd the planes dropped some thing explaining that the boxes of dynamite had been opened but the fuses were not connected Concussion would be the only way to set off the charge Gish said A company spokesman dis closed the names ot 30 workmen nvi i 3t missinE Although eight victims were said to have been identified the company would not reveal their names A detachment of soldiers was sent to the scene from the Easton armorytoaugment a blockade arbiifd The company spokesman said the explosion occurred while the men were sitting around eating a light lunch before getting ready to blast Bodies ot the victims were strewn about the immediate scene of the blast police said and a number of workmens homes bor dering the quarry were leveled Arms nnd legs of the men caught i the explosion blown as far as a mile away one investigator reported to Ar thur Harry of Easton police The explosion apparently oc curred in a powder magazine at the quarry Sergeant Harry said A nick had unloaded a quan tity of explosives in the qarry Thursday morning and had just left a short lime before the blast went off As far as we can find out something went off near the mag azine and it blew up An ambulance driver at Belts hospital reported that he had seen between 30 and 40 bodies when he reached the scene of the ex plosion at the quarry of the Le high Portland Cement company The explosion which occurred at a m shook almost the en tire eastern Pennsylvania area the concussion reaching as far south as Camden N J jo mjics away federal bureau of investi gation agents were sent from Philadelphia but officials would not comment Company officials said the de tonation had demolished all equipment at the quarry The blast toppled a shelf of canned goods at the grocery store of Mrs Katie Meta at nearby Martins Creek where most of the workmen lived Persons who reached the scene soon after the explosion found parts of human bodies scattered over the ground for a radius of several hundred yards Army authorities sent soldiers stationed at the Easton armory tn Uic scene and state motor police blocked all roads leading to the quarry Hundreds of persons many of them relatives of the missing men formed behind the police lines explosive was slacked on irucKS and on the ground around the rmi of the pit Sixteen other men were at work in the bottom of the pit and escaped injury Fourteen children In grade school half 3 mile from the scene were injured slightly by flyinK class from broken win dows Only two were detained in an Easlon hospital however Together with 56 classmates the children marched calmly from the building under the su pervision of two teachers who save first aid to the injured in the school yard Leonard Sabatino owner of a coal company just across a high way from the cement plant said ;