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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 25, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HtSTOflY AND ARCHIVES KOI fits I A VOL XLVIII ASSORTED PBESS UEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY HOME EDITION Limn THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS REVEAL RAIDS ON JAPS ON 2 ISLES Japs Take Andamans UIAI ni IN BENGAL BAYbyAiScans WITHOUT FIGHT Strategic Group Only 650 Miles Southeast of Port of Calcutta NEW DELHI India nese forces have completed an unopposed occupation of the stra tegic Andaman islands athwar the bay of Bengal supply route to Calcutta in their first seizure o Indian territory A communique issued Wednes day by the Indian governmen said The Andaman islands were oc cupied by a Japanese force March 23 Our forces in the is lands were withdrawn some days previously It also was found possible to evacuate a considerable portion of the population of Hie islands includingwomen children and a number of convicts The Andamans w Ji i c i firs came under air attack Feb 27 lie only G50 miles southeast of Cal cutta which has become an evei more vital supply port for the united nations and are some 8Q miles northeast of Ceylon site 0 the important British naval base of Trincomalee The occupying forces presum ably came from lower Burma which at its closest point is only 120 miles from the northern tip o the Andainans islands are a chain rforttr 350 miles southwest of Rangoon They lie along the sea routes to Calcutta chief eastern Indian port 650 miles to the northwest and would be a stepping stone for Ihe Japanese in their westward thrust toward India itself and to ward the vital British naval base of Trincomalee on the island of Ceylon This occupation was the first Japanese seizure of Indian terri tory The Andamans first came under air attack on Feb 27 Wednesday London heard thc Rome radio broadcast Tokio dispaicMes that the islands again had been bombed Chief tarffet in he first at tacks was Hie airdrome at Port Blair principal town in the is land group These raiders were presumed to have come from bases in the enemy occupied Burma panhandle some 400 miles to the east The group consists of 204 jungle covered islands which from 1858 to 1921 were used as an Indian convict settlement and where since 1868 the British have op erated a large meteorological sta tion for shipping After 1321 no additional con victs were brought in and the is lands were left to develop along free lines In 1940 there were B069 convicts in the islands of whome 1319 were on parole and supporting themselves The total population was 21028 ITALIAN SHIPS ARE DAMAGED Battleship Set Afire by Light British Sea Forces Admiralty Says LONDON British forces set fire to an Italian battle ship and damaged two Italian cruisers in a threeday nmning light m the Mediterranean ifie admiralty announced Wednesday night J Thc admiralty acknowledged damage to one British cruiser and three destroyers and light casual ties among their crews in their successful escort of a convoy to the embattled island base of Mal The Rome radio said the Littorio herself took part in the battle ad mitted one of her turrets was grazed by a mediumcaliber shell but denied that she or any other Italian warship was hit Prime Minister Winston Chur chill disclosed that the Italian naval force which set out to at tack a British Mediterranean con voy on its way to Malta Sunday comprised one of the most mod ern and powerful battleships alloat six cruisers and a flotilla of destroyers Andamans SEIZE ISLANDS65 JaP Planes PLANS FOR NEW BLOWS RUSHED BY ALLIES AXIS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The allied effort to gain air mastery throughout the far Pa cific was exemplified Wednesday by two newly reported American aerial thrusts against enemy bases m Thailand and New Guinea which cost the Japanese a total of Go warplanes Chinese dispatches said American volunteer group Fly ins Tigers had knocked 10 grounded planes out of action and slain most of their pilots as they ran toward the cockpits in a surprise raid at dawn Tues day on the Japaneseoccupied airport of Chiengmai Thailand Some planes were set afire others were riddled by machine gun bullets The raiders elation however was dampened by the loss of Squadron Leader Lieut John Newkirk of Scarsdalc N Y His plane crashed at the end of a low dive Fellow pilots expressed be lief he was the victim of a truck mounted antiaircraft gun The U S war department an nounced that six United States bombers escorted by nine P40 fighters had destroyed three heavy Japanese bombers o fight ers and two unidentified aircraft and hit an ammunition dump in a thrust from an Australian base Monday against Lae New Guinea Two American fighters were lost in this foray The U S navy reported that two fourstacker destroyers Pjllsbury and Edsall were con sidered lost in Java waters after Having been mlasjny since early manned by 145 men Their loss Increased to 21 the annonnced total of American naval vessels destroyed Want to Be Married Again in Order to File Pension Record ST JOSEPH Mo 77 year old couple applying for i marriage license puzzled County Recorder Jack Utz He sought de tails Oh responded the prospective bridegroom weve been married iO years but the pension office wont help us unless we have a marriage certificate Ours burned up in a fire years ago The clerk suggested an affidavit might do Electricity Melts Crowbar Being Used by Workman in Hole SANTA MONICA Cal John Burgos a city water depart ment employe was digging around a meter when his crowbar struck a cable carrying 4200 volts of electricity There was a Joiid report a streak of flame shot up and the end of the crowbar was melted off And Burgos tyst some singed hair on his arms He was wearing rubber boots Nipponese Move Slowly Ahead in Burma Port Moresby Is Raided By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Tress Foreign Editor The united nations and the axis raced against time Wednesday to launch new offensive blows in the Pacific and Europe where fighting had slowed to a snails pace pend ing the expected big spring drives Japanese forces slogged for ward slowly in Burma and trad ed blows with American and Australian planes on Ihe New Guinea approaches to Austra lia The Burma communique hinted that a Japanese flanking maneu ver has jeopardized the position of the BritishChinese force de tending Toungoo but the exact situation was not clear The Japa nese slipped around Toungoo and cut its northward communica tions at Kyuhgon 8 miles to the north Whether the BritishChi nese garrison is in n position to fight its way through the Japanese lines was not known On the Australian front atten tion still was centered on Port Moresby The Japanese raided the New Guinea south coast port lightly and Japanese reconnais sance machines were spotted as far south as Katharine 175 miles southeast of Darwin Heved fiie Japanese parihgr to attack New Caledonia off Australias east coast in an attempt to grain a base for hit ting at AustralianNew Zealand supply lines and the ship routes from the United States A 24hour alert was being main tained at Port Moresby against Japanese air attack and united nations bombers were striking back relentlessly at thc north New Guinea bases being used by the Japanese A Japanese land column still is believed to be hackin through the New Guinea jungles in an attempt to reach the south coast Tokio admitted that the Dutch still were resisting in the mountains ot bumatra and reported that the big bombing attack on Corregidor in a Washington com munique so heavy that American antiaircraft bat teries were unable to reply effec tively to the Japanese bombing planes In London a British spokes man said that the United Slates has taken over naval respon sibility for the Pacific and that the British are aidinp the Unit ed States in meeting German submarine threats in thc South Atlantic Sir Stafford Cripps busied him sch m India will conferences He lo erant India dominion status after he offer which may not be farreaching enough to win In dian cooperation in the war ef fort Gen Douglas MacArthur was with Indian political leader was said to have proposals were operating from Pearl HnilToi m Tt w heavy f hese forces by thc preparing to meet with Prime Minister John Curtin to discuss collaboration in carrying the war back to Japan The Germans were reported by Ankara to have put so muchprei sure on Bulgaria that that nation is preparing to join the eastern front conflict by declaring waron Russia despite the strong pro Slav sympathies of the populace King Boris ot Bulgaria was said lo have accompanied German Ambassador Franz Von Papen to Germany for conferences with Adolf Hitler Rome reported a British air at tack on the Athens locality Engaged in Engineering Department of Bomber Factoiy at Willow Run DETROIT A Lindbergh has been employed by thc Ford Motor company in the engineering department of its giant Willow Run bomber plant Ford Personnel Director Harry U Bennett announced Wednesday Bennett said the position was offered to Lindbergh by Henry Ford Tuesday during a detailed inspection of the bomber plant Lindbergh was in Washington Wednesday presumably to confer with the war department regard ing his new post Mr Ford merely offered Lind bergh the job Bennett said and Mr Lindbergh agreed to take it Lindbergh resigned his commis sion as a colonel in the air corps reserve before the attack on Pearl Harbor because of disagreement with administration foreign poli cies He was an ardent isolationist before Americas entrance into the var Last January however Lind aerRh ottered his services to Hcn L Stimson secretary of war and it was announced that he would be entrusted with a civilian mission involving technical re search for the war department British Chiefs Think Japs May Attack Siberia Soon Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazelle carrier Yonks Escape From Bottle of Java Believe Advantages to Nipponese Outweigh Dangers From Move By DREW MIDDLETON LONDON The consensus of military experts as spring her alds the great battles of 1012 that the advantages to Japan ot an invasion of Siberia outweigii the dangers and the attack may come before thc nazit launch their drive in wcsten Russia Even though Japan is deeply Jnvolved in the soatnernPacl military sources point out that the rewards of success in an assault on Siberia and Vladi vostok the U S S Rs biff Pa cific port are too rich for the Japanese general staff to ignore First and most important i Vladivostok United States bombers based there would within easy range not only of Tokio and Yokohama but also of Nagasaki the great Japanese naval base which is only 603 miles by ajr On the other hand Vladivostok could be a second Japanese base for attacks on Alaska Secondly there is the grand strategic design ot the axis based on diversion of united nations forces Only the soviet so far ha been able to concentrate its arm ies on one fighting front Thus an attack by Japan on the east ahead of a German thrust in western Russia could have two beneficial effects for the axis it reasoned It might draw Rus sian forces eastward or at least compel the Russians to hold some troops in reserve against the pos sibility of a Japanese advance beyond Siberia Russias strength In Siberia is not known Thc axis claims to have identified units of thc first and second red Banner armies which once formed part of the Siberian garrison in western Russia Observers generally agree that Japan may be spurred to attack on the belief of her generals that the U S S R has drained at least some power from Siberia Conversely it is pointed out the Japanese have used relatively forccs in Malaya and Java Authoritative estimates put Ja pans current strength in the South Pacific now at a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 divis 225000 men at and say that only four of these three m Burma and one split between Java and New Guinea are ac tively in the field These divisions form only a small part of the Japanese armyj Tn nnn niJCC 193 fr0m a natio of 70000000 or more Air and sea power have been the chief factor in Japans southern progress military men say and with air and sea con trol she docs not need large land forces to hold her gains While that is accomplished by stages through the summer one military observer commented a lorce of 10 Japanese divisions could move against Siberia Once the northern air frontier is secured he said Japan can move westward against India or southward against Australia Russian sources who are opti mistic over the red armys chances o Germans in 2 are silent when a possible Japanese attacRin thc cast is mentioned The Russians like the German informed sources say are fearful of a war on two fronts UBOAT BLASTS U VESSEL Captain of American Ship Believed Dead After East Coast Raid NORFOLK Va ing thenintensive campaign against allied merchant shipping off theAtlanticcoast axis sub marines blasted aTnedium sized American vessel into a vshaped derelict early Saturday morning sending her captain E V Peters of New York to almost certain death The other 3B crew members escaped in four life boats eight crewmen in two boats were picked up by a rescue ship after nine hours adrift and were landed at Norfolk Another ship rescued 29 others and look them ashore at Sputhport N Car the fifth naval the district said in announcing sinking Wednesday First Mate Christian A Hanscn of Wilmington N Car told news men he believed Captain Peters was lost He tried to leap from a ladder into No 2 lifeboat Hanscn re lated The sea was choppy and carried the boat away from the ship The captain fell into the water between the ship and the boat The captain was a good swimmer but the sea was covered with heavy fuel oil You cant swim in that It paralyzes you We never saw the captain again We heard him holler here I am and we yelled we are com ing But by the time we could row bad toward the ship there was no sign of the captain Crewmen said two torpcdoe struck thc ship about one minute opart both on thc starboard side The first torpedo failed to ex plode bill thc second smashed into the vessel amidship with 1 heavy explosion which buckled her in the middle and left her bosv and stern sticking up in a vshape Hanson said Buy your defense savings stamps from your Glohc Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Showers and thunder storms Wednesday and Wednes day night except rain changing to snow in northwest portion Wednesday night colder in west and central parts Wednes day night fresh to strong winds MASON CITY Showers thunder storms and squalls Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night colder Wednesday night all temperatures above freezing fresh to strong winds MINNESOTA Rain Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night changing to snow over most of near Lake Superior change fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics1 Maximum Tuesday 65 Minimum Tuesday night 48 At 8 a m Wednesday 50 trace Rain YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 23 Marcus Island Only 950 Miles From Tokio Blasted by Yank Planes shore installations opposition lost one airplane at each No United States ships were damaged Marcus island is only 950 miles from Tofcio and so far as is known lie attack there was tlic closest United States navy forces with the exception of American submarines li a v c carried the war to Japan Several prisoners were taken at Wake picked out of floating de after Japanese patrol were bombed shelled and boats iunk The raid on Marcus island which lies 7GO miles westnorth west of Wake and about 2 GOO miles northwest of Honolulu car led thc American vessels obvi usy including an aircraft car rier to within 090 miles of Yo kohama The report on the Wake island raid was the first official dis closure that the Japanese had per manently occupied it and were at tempting to fortify that central Pacific island which they finally captured from United States ma rines December 23 at a heavy cost in men and ships At Wake a navy communique said 21 bombs from aircraft and many shells from cruisers and de stroyers were rained on shore in stallations and a landing field Two enemy patrol boats were sunk three large seaplanes at anchor were demolished and the aircraft runways and a par1 oftbe defense batteries were damaged1 the navy reported Our loss in this engagement was one aircraft The Wake island raid occurred Feb 24 The task force was com manded by Vice Admiral William i Halsey senior air force com mander in the who on Jan 31 led an attack on Marshall and Gilbert islands which resulted in destruction of 1C enemy shins and 41 aircraft On March 4 Halscys forces which had hit Wake island a week earlier struck at Marcus island The attack by air was cx cculed just before dawn and the navy bombers which roared over he Japanese hasc dropped flares to illuminate their objec tives No enemy aircraft or ships ucrc present the com munitiusaid Heavy antiaircraft fire was encountered while our planes dropped 96 bombs on the small island resulting in considerable damage to hangars Juel and am munition storages radio installa tions and aircraft runways Our loss in this engagement was one aircraft DROP BOMBS ON BATAAN AGAIN Japanese Caused Only Slight Damage by Earlier Larger Raid WASHINGTON Japa icsc aerial bombardment on har bor defenses of Manila bay and AmericanFilipino positions in 3ataan was resumed Wednesday the war department reported in a and continued en emy ground activity in Bataan in dicated arrival of Japanese rein orcemenls Thc bombing attack was carried out by 27 bombers and some smaller planes thc department said but there was no report on results I Only slight damage was inflict ed Tuesday m a bombardment by heavy Japanese bombers thc department has said Reports of local skirmishes vith Philippine troops successful n thc vicinity of Digos on the vest shore of Davao gulf Min danao also were received by the department irk Will Women Lifeguards MITCHELL Ind will be the not the vholl scream Help when they o swimming at Spring Mill slate wrfc this summer Supt W F Caudell has announced that be cause of thc wartime shortage of ncn the parK vill employ women ife guards gatekeepers and juidcs Dump 12 Tons of Bombs on Marcus Isle By TOE JAMES CUSTEK A uS AIRCRAFT CARRIER IN THE PACIFIC March h e United States navy knocked at Japans front door today when planes from this aircraft carrier dumped 12 tons of high explosives on installations at Marcus island 350 miles southeast ot Tokio Eight days previously it now can be revealed n U S naval force delivered n crushing blow at installations on Wake island which the Japanese had captured from heroic American marine de fenders Naval authorities relieved thc two raids shattered for some time at least links in Japans chain of fortified island liases extending southeasterly from Tokio to the Marshall islands Nippons eastern outposts The attack on Marcus island only a stones throw fvom Tokio is distances are measured in the vast area ot thc the war into Japans homciwaters It gave Tokio aridYokohama their first taste of blackout fitters and was expected to divert a por tion of Japanese material and manpower from other vital areas in the southwest Pacific Only American losses were one plane in each attack A hardhitting combination of cruisers destroyers and bombing planes for 82 minutes blasted Japanese military establishments on of the U S ma rines historic stand in the early days of the war and nearby Pcale and Wilkcs islands early Tuesday morning Feb 24 Feb 23 on Iho U S side of the date In addition levclinR Japa nese military installations the TJ S forces destroyed three Mg fourengine seaplane bombers sank three naval auxiliary ves sels and captured a few prison ers At Wake Wilkes and Peale is lands the following Japanese in itallations were damaged or de stroyed Airfieldwith two run ways power plant water tower new pier contractors camp shore batteries military barracks magazines fuel depot and gasol Imo storage antiaircraft batter ies anchorage underground han gars underground ammunition clumps seaplane ramp range finder tractors rollers steam shovels drag lines trucks sad autos At Marcus island thc following Japanese installations were de stroyed or damaged Airfield and accessory establishments includ ing two dirt runways hangar fuel depot gasoline storagenil tanks water tower machine shops military barracks settle ment on south shore radio sta tion antiaircraft and shore bat cries of light and heavy machine guns No Japanese planes were seen on thc ground at Marcus and none were encountered Losses of Japanese personnel in both attacks could not be csti VICE AnMIRAL HALSEY Attack on Wake ;