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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIHBS FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Imj Jw AM Aiwdam W EARL HALL Policies of Arias Are Reviewed EDITORS NOTE This is another of a series of articles written by W Earl Hal Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter nationa Peace NUMBER 13 By W EARL HALL S S SANTA LUCIA AP PROACHING BUENAVENTURA cannot be said that all is peace and serenity in the republic of Panama There are some disturbing evidences of fric tion between United States and the present ad I ministration of the tiny repub lic bisected by our transisth mian canal and there are some further signs that the vigor ous o n em a n rale of Presi d e n t Arnulfo Arias is devel oping an omi nous division the home front Many Pana majority I am per that republics future is dependent upon United States friendship They look upon Theodore Roosevelt as their deliv erer and they look upon Franklin Hoosevelt as their good and true friend today President Arias seems not to share this view On this one im portant issue there appears to be a definite cleavage Against this however is the obvious fact that most of the Arias new deal on domestic issues have had a pop ular blessing Defenders 6j Arias will tell you that he is proPanama and noth ing else Hiscritics citeevidence thathe of the axis nu merous aspects conduct since taking over has followed the dictator pattern From the United States point of view two Arias politics have been productive of concern or outright dissatisfaction One of these has been the socalled na tionalization of retail commerce law ostensibly aimed at Chinese and Hindu shopkeepers In the steerage on this very ship are upwards of 50 Chinese who have been expelled fom Panama under the operations of this law Citizens of United States see a very real possibility that the law which ousts Chinese and Hindus much as Jews have been driven out of Germany and nazioccupied nationscould easily be extended to crack down on North American nationals But even more pronouncedly a source of friction is the commis sary system under which all per sons employed by the canal ad ministration can purchase food stuffs and clothing duty free and at an appreciably lower price than is possible in Panamanian shops The Arias governments charges are these 1 That thousands of persons not eligible for prefer ment are buying goods at low cost through repurchase called 2 That the retail price structure for the area out side Canal Zone is established by commissary prices at a level which precludes a fair profit for Panamanian merchants The U S position is 1 That Panama merchants took advan s tagre of Canal Zone employes before the commissary system was established 2 That the contraband problem Is being grossly exaggerated 3 That a comparison of commissary prices with Panama prices on identical items reveals a dis parity reflective of profiteering on the part of local merchants In a recent comparison sugar purchasable for 26 cents a pound in commissaries was selling at 73 cents in Panamanian stores potatoes were priced at 2 cents a pound in the commissaries and at 10 cents in stores rice 37 a pound in commissaries 75 in stores American cheese at 24 cents in commissaries and 50 cents in stores Panama levies a rather stiff tariff on imported goods as an important revenue source in a ter ritory where incomes elude heavy domestic taxation but U S nationals contend that this in itself does not explain or justify the marked disparity of prices The Arias governments urgent suggestion is that U S set up a 10 per cent import duty on all goods handled by the commis saries as a means of closing the price gap Then at the end of the fiscal year it is further suggest ed there could be a rebate in any MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 25 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 141 JUGOSLAVIA SIGNS WITH AXIS Mussolini Accepts Grazianis Resignation BIG SHAKEUP IN B19Worlds Bomber Ready to Fly AFRICAN ARMY OF OUCE MADE Italian Commander Had Organized First Campaign Into Egypt Benito Musso lini has accepted the resignation of Marshal Rodolfo Graziani as commander in chief of North Afri ca governor of Libya and chief of the army staff it was announced Tuesday Marking Ihe biggest shakeup in the Italian high command since the retirement of Marshal Pietro Badoglio because of the failure of Italian operations against Greece Graziani has been replaced as commander In North Africa and governor of Libya by General Gariboldi He has been succeeded as chiei of the army staff by Gen Mario Roatta Gen Francesco Rossi a RODOLFO GRAZIANI division commander succeeded General Roatta as vice chief oi staff General Roatta has been suc ceeded as vice chief of the army staff by Gen Francesco Rossi a division commander Graziani a hardbitten sol dier won fame for his pacifica tion of Libya after the World war During the Italian conquest of Ethiopia in 193536 he com manded the armies that oper ated against southern Ethiopia from Italian Somaliland Graziani army chief of staff since October 1939 was named commander of the army in Libya July 1 1940 succeeding Marshal Italo Balbo who was killed when his plane was shot down over To bruk Graziani organized the Italian advance into Egypt which was turned into a retreat when the British recaptured Sidi Barrani last December He retained com mand throughout the British counteroffensive in which the Italians were driven from eastern Libya desired form to those able to prove their eligibility to partici pate in the commissary prefer ment This it is argued would tend to solve the contraband prob lem Here in brief is the outline of the conflict between Canal Zone and Panamanian interests Whether the clash grows or wanes will be pretty much up to Arnulfo Anas It is quite unlikely thai the United States government will do any very pronounced retreat ing from its established policy and Uncle Sam clearly occupies the drivers seat ARNULFO ARIAS of Panama Nab Escaped Convicts at Glarksyille C Two convicts who escaped frdnvthe state reformatory at Anamosa Saturday were captured near here Monday evening after an al day search precipitated by the dis covery of the sixth of a series of cars they had stolen in mak ing their getaway The convicts were captured by two young brothers Nathan and Bob Forey who discovered them near the Great Western railroad bndge a mile west of here They had been the subject of a day long search by local officers and high way patrolmen Both convicts Philip Wilde boar 21 and Laverne Lorraine about 26 have relatives here After giving a trusty the slip at Anamosa Saturday they stole six cars leaving the last one near here The capture occurred when the Forey brothers were sitting be neath the bridge about p m Wildeboar and Lorraine came upon them and the two Percys both armed told them to throw up their hands before they could get away Roughly made blackiacks were found on each of the two men They had been hiding in the woods near the river all day and on several occasions the search ers had found their tracks but lost them again Wildeboar who is lame made a track that was easy to follow in the soft earth Wildeboar was sentenced to a seven year term for forgery while Lorraine was serving a breaking and entering sentence Both men were held overnight in the Clarksville jail pending in structions from the reformatory officials Southern Girl Named Genuine Cowgirl SHERIDAN Wyo crowd of ranchers was asked to pick a genuine cowgirl from among 700 Stephens college fcirls now on tour from Columbia Mo To the complete astonishment of the winner the crowd chose Joan Strasburger from Atlanta Ga For Complete Listings Turn to the Classified Page NOW Remember Globe Gazette Wanf Ads BRING RESULTS Jugoslav XFrbzen WASHINGTON Roosevelt Tuesday froze al funds of Jugoslavia in the United States This was announced at the treasury shortly after Jugo slavia signed the RomeBerlin Tokio axis pact No explanation of the freezing was given but it hasbeen the pol icy of the administration to tie up the funds of any country com ing under the domination of the axis powers The action prohibited the use or removal of any Jugoslavian cash securities or other movable assets in this country Commerce department ex perts estimated such Jugoslav ian assets totaled Sl000000 Jugoslavia was the 13th nation whose funds have been frozen The other nations have about 54500000000 worth of assets here Affected indirectly especially if Jugoslavia adopts reprisal meas ures are about worth of American investments in Jugo slavia mostly private American holdings of Jugoslavian govern ment bonds The Weather FORECAST MASON CITY Mostly cloudy Light snow Tuesday night and Wednesday not much change in temperature Lowest about 26 IOWA Mostly cloudy light snow west and extremenorth Tuesday night Wednesday light rain or snow not much change in temperature MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy light snow south and extreme east Tuesday night Wednesday cloudy light rain or snow south wanner northwest Extended Forecast Extended weather forecast for the period from p m March 25 to p m March 29 Upper Mississippi temperature will average near normal with rising trend first two days except about stationary Minnesota falling trend indicated late Thursday or Friday Pre cipitation will average moderate with light snow beginning period except Illinois rain or snow gen erally during latter half of pe riod IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Tuesday Maximum Monday 36 Minimum in Night 23 At 8 a m Tuesday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum 20 Minimum i Reds Pledge Neutrality to Turkey By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ANKARA Rus sia clarified her attitude toward swiftlymoiing events in the Bal kans Tuesday by promising to remain neutral if Turkey Bri tains nonbelligerent ally were attacked and forced to enter the war in selfdefense W Announcement of the pledge which observers believed would stiffen Turkish resistance to German overtures coincided with reports lhat Russia had cut off oil shipments to the reich and was concentrating additional army and naval forces in the Black sea area High diplomatic circles saw in the Russian promise an implica tion that the soviet is prepared lo give Turkey full material support to defend the Dardanelles vita gateway between the Mediterran ean and Black sea against any possible German encroachment Reports from Belgrade said Hussion military supplies already were flowing into Turkey across the Caucasus These circles attached particu lar significance to the fact that Kussias reassurances to Tur key coincided with the gathering of axis leaders in Vienna Tues day o welcome Jugoslavia into the Gcrma n Italia n Japanese camp The soviet declaration was re garded by these circles as a fur ther development of Russian pol icy reflected when the Kremlin publicly announced earlier this month its disapproval of Bulgarias action in opening her frontiers to German troops Observers expressed belief Rus sia was feeling increasing concern for her own vital interests not only in the Balkan zone but in a larger sphere X X Tile Russian pledge to Tur key as announced here in a special commnniquc promised full and comprehensive neu trality should Turkey become the object of aggression and find herself obliged to enter war for tiie defense of her terri tory The pledge is a reaffirmation of a nonaggression pact negotiated between the two countries in 1925 In return for the Bussian promise the Turkish government said it had given the soviet similar re assurances Vic in a Quandary Over the Overcoats SCRANTON Pa Key ton lost the keys to his locker He borrowed a jacket and an over coat from a fellow employe so he could go to lunch Leaving the restaurant he picked up the wrong overcoat He spent the rest of the day ironing out his difficulties U S BOARD IN PLEA AGAINST LABOR STRIKES Mediation Board Asks Labor Management Not to Stop Defense Plans BULLETIN BETHLEHEM Pa P A crowd of shouting strikers seized two police patrol cars and threw tear gas bombs at retreating po licemen Tuesday as Hie CIO steel workers organizing com mittee began a mass picketing effort to close down the Bethle hem Sfeel company plant By THE ASSOCIATED FUESS The new national defense med iation board organised in Wash ington Monday urging labor and management to prevent any fur ther interruption of the defense program It met as sporadic vio lence marked efforts of workers to enter the Bethlehem Steel com panys plant at Bethlehem Pa and the International Harvester McCormick works at Chicago CIO unions called strikes at both places Dr Clarence A Dykstra chairman in a statement al the mediation groups first meeting said this was a time of world crisis and that if the United States is o be an arsenal for democracy there must be unin trrupled flow of production from mine mill factory All 11 members were present Chairman Dykstra urged the pub pol icy that day requires each of use to sub ordinate a purely private or per sonal interest to the good of the country He said the group would endeavor to be impartial com pletely honest and thoroughly nonpolitical The board has no powers to compel settlement of labor dis putes The executive order crea ting it stipulated it might investi gate labor disputes and publish the findings if necessary in an effort to settle controversies Rep resentative Vinson D Ga has announced hearings will start in April on legislation to give if statutory powers At the Bethlehem steel plant where the strike was called in protest against an election by the Employes Representative Plan tear gas was used by a police man to disperse pickets who tried o upset an automobile at the main gate At least two automobiles were surrounded by pickets and turned away from the plant Bethlehem has upwards of a bil lion dollars worth of defense con tracts Officials of the SWOC which called the strike said Tues day morning it was 60 par cent effective Company officials would not comment f v a A conference was arranged be tween a federal conciliator SWOC officials and leaders of the ERP which he SWOC contends is a companydominated union Two agents of the United States concil iation service were at the scene The CIO strikers at the Inter national Harvester McCormick plant in Chicago paraded nearby streets as nonstriking Ameri can Federation of Labor and un affiliated workers entered Po lice Captain John Stege said good squads assaulted numer ous workers going to their jobs and added hat lo or more men had been arrested Seven hun dred police were on duty at the plant when it opened and 300 were added dne to the violence The McCormick works does not have any direct defense orders but makes parts for other plant with such contracts The strikers arc demanding wage increases un ion recognition and elimination of piecework The company claimed that more than 3500 employers went back to work Monday CIO strikes are under way at three other Harvester plants The Pord Motor company shut down its Lincoln plant at Detroit Monday explaining it was unable to get automobile frames from the strikeclosed plant of Midland Steel Products corporation The frame factory also serves Hudson Chrysler and several divisions of General Motors The Lincoln shutdown threw about 3300 men idle while the Midland Stee strike directly af fected 1700 CIO united auto mobile workers are asking Mid land for wage increases Hitler Will Burn Tongue Serbs Told By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BELGRADE lines in red ink and blaring radios told Jugoslavs Tuesday that their country had signed the three power pact in Vienna as Germany Britain Greece and Turkey cleared the decks for possible large scale warfare on a new Balkan front But even as the pact was signed pamphlets were being distributed in the streets of Belgrade declaring that Adolf Hitler would burn his tongue by nibblingon Jugoslavia At the same time the Belgrade radio announced it would begin immediately to interpret all for eign news for the benefit of the Jugoslav people Extra editions featured the notes delivered to Premier Drag isa Cvetkovic by the German and Italian foreign ministers promising to respect the inde pendence and territorial integrity of Jugoslavia forever and that the axis powers will not ask Jugoslavia to permit passage oi troops though Jugoslav territory Palace attendants said Regent Prince Paul and the Croat peas ant leader Dr Vladimir Macek listened together to a broadcast of the ceremony at a radio in a study of the white palace Newspapers with front page pictures of Adolf Hitler German Foreign Minister Joachim von Kibbentrop Premier Cvetkovic and Jugoslav Foreign Minister the first official announcement oi Yugoslavias capitulation Newsboys prospered as excited crowds throughout the capita snatched up each edition Reports began reaching Bel grade meanwhile of demonstra tions in the provinces At Cetinje in Montenegro reportedly greal crowds gathered shouting down with the government Denounc ing the tripartite treaty with speeches The line was cut at this point in filing the dispatch from Bel grade to the Associated Press of fice in Bern Switzerland for re lay to New York Bitterlyexpressed opposition to the pact within Jugoslavia indi cated that mere signature by the diplomats might not be final step in clearing the country for nazi military use Streets in Jugoslav cities wer littered Monday night with mani festos accusing Jugoslav leaders of a traitorous sellout of bringing certain shameful death for our country and threatening death to submissive government lead ers Actual warfare was almost at a standstill Greek troops claimed to havi inflicted heavy losses on Italian attacking Monday near the Viosi river in Albania German and British planes took a holiday from intense night raiding Reports reaching Belgrade said Germany had secretly dispatched nearly a quarter million troops into Italy to maintain order and prevent a separate ItalianGreek peace which might interfere with nazi plans in southeast Europe BULLETINS vice President Wallace and Speaker Kayburn signed the 000 British aid bill Tuesday completing congressional action on the measure LONDON Britain has notified Jugoslavia that it intends to attack the Germans wherever they may be it was announced authoritatively Tues day LONDON IP Authoritative sources reported Tuesday British capture of Marda pass strategic gateway on the road to Harar west of the fallen Ethiopian town of Jtjiga NAZIS PROMISE NO TROOPS TO ENTER NATION Hitler at Vienna Ceremony as Serbs Join 3Power Fold By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS V I E N N A Jugoslavia joined the RomeBerlinTokio axis as a fifth junior partner Tuesday but gained pledges that no axis troops would cross her frontiers Berlin officialdom prompt ly called the act an answer to Churchill and Roosevelt the great yellow hall of Belvedere palace Jugoslavias premier and foreign minister Dragisa Cvetkovic and Alk sander Cincar Markovic signed a document identical except for the nations name with that which Rumania pledge of collabora tion against any new anti axis belligerent in the Euro pean or Asiatic wars But where Rumania and more recently Bulgaria were promptly turned into vast encampments for German armies Jugoslavia re ceived the pledges of the three senior partners that her sovereign ty and territorial integrity would be respected for all time However an unofficial ver sion of Jugoslavias commit ments was that she had agreed to permit transport of war ma terial and hospital equipment as well as wounded through her territory Greece which may provide the battlefields forthis already had warned Jugoslavia that this would be regarded as a hostile act Adolf Hitler attended by his foreign minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop received the Jugoslav signers at the Hotel Imperial later This was the second time they had seen the fuehrer dur ing the day All participants in the signing met him in Belvedere castle immediately after the cere mony In Berlin an authorized spokes man declared that British Prime Minister Churchill had threatened Rumania Bulgaria and Jugo slavia before they joined the axis and asserted that President Roosevelt lind indirectly made a similar expression toward the Balkans and directly through the Jugoslav minister in Washington Joachim Von Ribbentrop the German foreign minister touched on this point when he addressed diplomats at the signing ceremony predicting that this event will have special importance for the future of Jugoslavia and the well being of her people He said there were two special reasons for joy that Jugoslavia had joined the axis First because practically speaking the hitherto neutral Balkans now have come inlo the camp of the new order in a body and secondly a state which as reported England and America tried to which must be described as an unheard of has joined us The published version of the ceremony quoted Premier Cvet kovic as replying that it had al ways been Jugoslavias policy to keep the peace with neighboring countries In Berlin the organ of the Ger man foreign office Deutsche Dip Koorrespon denz declared that no pressure and threats from London and BERLIN bomb hits were scored by nazi air raiders on a British battleship in the Mediterranean southwest of the Greek island of Crete the German high command declared Tuesday PRINCE PAUL Axis Fold ;