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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME or AND ARCHIVES KOINES it THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 21 1944 This Paper Consists ot two One NO 143 Jap Columns Reported 30 Miles From Imp ha I NIPPON FORCES HIGH IN JUNGLE ABOVE VALLEY British Close In on Jap Position North of Tiddim Road Fighting New Delhi spearheads invading India have driven to within 30 miles of Im phal capital of Manipur state but still are in the high mountain jungles and have not yet dropped into the Imphal valley a south east Asia headquarters spokes man disclosed Friday Enemy columns arc scattered over a ISO mile front in the Tid dimTamuImphal area and have cut the road between Imphal and Tiddim but superior British farces behind the roadblock ant north of it are closing a pincer 01 the Japanese there he said The road apparently was cul about 17 milesnorth of Tiddim inside the Burmese border Frl d a ys communique announced that the British and Indiai forces had driven the invaders from three positions covering thi highway North of the Tiddim road fight ing British forces have closed ii on one of the main Japanese post tions repulsing an enemy coun terattack w i I h considerabl losses the communique said The headquarters spokesmai said the Japanese also had mover into the hills north of the horde town ot Tamu but had been pre vented thus far from taking u positions on the road from Tarn to Palel 22 miles south of Impah which links the Manipur capita with the Kabaw valley in Burma Small parties of Japanese ar approaching this road but one o these detachments was disperse Tuesday morning and anothe made an unsuccessful attack on British unit on the highway th communiquereported A BBC broadcast recorded b CBS quoted an Assam provinc government announcement tin enemy air attacks had been mad on Manipur and the Katchall dis trict to the west of Manipur bu said only a few bombs wci dropped and casualties wei slight British and Indian forces have killed GOO to 700 Japanese in the recent fighting inthe Chin hills and the Kabaw valley while their own losses have been infinitely lighter the spokesman said He gave little information re garding a Japanese column march ing through the rugged mountains from Tamanthi toward the Im phalManipur road but said the enemy may have patrols within 20 miles the highway north of Impahl British forces appear stronger than the Japanese on the ground and the allies have definite air superiority both for attack and supply the spokesman said An enemy column was am bushed by British and Indian troops at a road junction south east of Tamu in the Kabaw val ley Wednesday night and a fresh Japanese attack was beaten off in the same area a few hours later with destruction of of the enemys tanks Admiral ord Louis Montbatlcns communique said In the Chin hills the Japanese occupied a vantage point west of our positions during Tuesday night but were driven off during the course of the following after noon with heavy casualties was announced The counterattacks which drove the invaders from 3 positions on the ImphalTiddim road were made in the past 24 hours it disclosed Allied air forces struck at the enemys communications in cen tral and southern Burma Thurs day and bombed storage clumps in the Myitykina and Mogaung areas from which the invading column1 are supplied Lt Gen Joseph W Stiiwells Americantrained Chinese forces driving southward from the Hu kawng ihe Mogaung Valley have 3 counterattacks in their advance On the southern sector of tin 500mile Burma front enemy troops moved northward on coastal plain south of Maungdav Wednesday but Thursday alliei troops supported by tanks mad a successful attack upon thes units upon VIonty Peace Not Far Off But May Not Be Before 45 London Sir Bernard L Montgomery commander of ritish invasion armies said Friday that the promised land of eace now is not so far lough it may not come until 945 Speaking at a salute the sol ier luncheon at Mansion house lontgomery called nation o back the rmed forces in he critical lonths to come o that Britain o u 1 d be vorthy of the rayer God rise and let His enemies be cattered The p r o m sed land is not low so far off ic said If necessary w e lave got to lazard all and MONTGOMERY live our lives that others may en loy it He called the fortliconiin Battle of Germany the biggest ugowar the world ever has seen How long will the pull last ie asked one can say for cer ain It may last a year and may ake longer but it will be a mag nificant party and we shall win Together the whole empire vill see this thing through to the end Its a proper job for proper men Montgomery acknowledged that the allies had lost the first few lulls but added that they now were leading If we win this pull he said we win the match If any of us should fail or let go of the rope or fall off the rope then we lose the match He revealed that he had just re turned from an inspection of the ground forces he will lead across the water to Europe and found them in good trim When the forces go into action he said they will prove the best Britain ever has had If tough welltrained troops are WEST GERMANY IS HIT AGAIN BY U S BOMBERS American Heavy Craft Attack Germans for Third Day Straight BULLETIN London flying fortresses and liberators bombed the German industrial centers of Schiveinfurl and Frankfurt and 2 French airfields in a devastating sweep over hundreds of miles of axis territory Friday but the nazi air force again refused to come up in force for a showdown battle By GLADWIN HILL London heavy bombers drove into Germany for the 3rd straight day Friday bomb ing military targets in western abe foV immedate sevvice Many men have taken their physicals Inductee Pool Not Yet Built Up for Iowa Des Moines pool of prospective inductees which selec tive service had honed to build up in Iowa during recent months has failed to materialize Brig Gen Charles H Grahl stale selective service director said Friday We havent been able to get I enough ahead to create ourxpool the general explained Weve been calling about 3 limes the monthly call for preinduclion examina tions but after rejections and vc classificatious we havent had more men than were needed for the current month The number of persons called to take their physical examina tions was stepped up sharply re cently selective officials explain ing they hoped to build up a re serve of acceptable candidates However the number of men who pass such examinations is not an accurate barometer of the num ber of prospective inductees avail Churchill Tells Yanks They Soon Will Land in Europe given the proper weapons he said there is nothing you cannot nothing It must forever rebound to our shame that we sent our soldiers into this most modern war with weapons and equipment that were quite inadequate the veteran of Dunkirk said We have only our selves to blame for disasters that early overtook us in the field Surely we must never let this hap pen again nor will we Himounced following strong RAP night blows at objec tives in France While flying fortresses smashed into Germany to the accompani ment of the German warning serv ice Achtung Achlung Strong enemy bomber formations flying over western Germany liberators bombed en emy airfields ill northeastern France These attacks raised to Report German Troops Rushed to Coasts of Rumania and Bulgaria BULLETIN Ankara Rumanian legation here confirmed Friday that Germany has ooccupied Rumania An official said he had only the briefest information A strong possibility exists that the Rumanian legation in Turkey or at leastmany will refuse to continue to function in view of the occupation London advices reported Friday that German re inforcements had been rushed lo all points on the Rumanian and Bul garian coasts the Black Sea and indicated possible beginning of fullscale occupation of alt mania as part oC Hitlers prepara tions for a lastditch stand against the advancing Russian armies Turkey herself was said to be asting an anxious eye over the xtensivc German troop move nents throughout southeastern Europe Aerial Torpedo Caught in Fishermens Net Bridgeport Conn Th dragger May C came to port her recently with the strangest catch of its 125 pound aeria torpedo unloaded which fisher men Patsy Camcrota and Joh Pall said became entangled in thci net while dragging for flatfish miles out in Long Island sound An Islanbul dispatch said it had ecu learned reliably there that ic Germans were in full control f every Rumanian and Bulgarian ity on the Black set with all local roops under the command of nazi fficers The Germans were said o be using every available boat nd barge on the Danube to move roops and material By one unconfirmed estimate urrcnt in Ankara the nazis have Irawn off 25 divisions from their entral reserve in Germany irder to occupy Hungary Ru mania and Bulgaria The widening flood of nazi orces in the Danubian basin and he Balkans reawakened Turkeys 1341 that were micluced by Germanys move into iUnnania and Bulgaria ory to the Greek and Jugoslav partmcnt campaigns The Turks following their es ablished principle of taking pre of calling a countrys leaders to him before his troops move in Neutral sources said the new Quisling regime in Hungary ably assisted by the gcstapo was many new high number of attacks in a single month Four teen of the attacks in March were directed against targets in Ger many The previous high for oper ational missions was 18 in February As on Thursday when a Gprong assault was made on railroad yards aircraft stations and other objectives in western Germany the heavy bombers Friday were escorted by strong formations of lightning thunderbolt and mus tang fighters RAF heavies bombing objec tives around the industrial city of Lyon in southern France and the railroad yards at Laon 80 miles northeast of Paris Thursday night brought the total allied air forces over Germany and occupied ter ritory in 36 hours to between 5000 and 6000 planes it was es timated Bomb tonnage for that period was boosted to around 7000 Two RAF planes were lost Thursday night in operations which included mosquito stabs at the Rhineland communications center of Dortmund and mine laying missions The United States air forces announced that Gl enemy aircraft were knocked down in Thurs days blasting of 6 targets in Ger Thirtynine of these were phys before they were placed in 1A and others were reclassified out of the 1A class after taking the examination General Grahl said Iowa had furnished 92 per cent of its drafl calls during the last 6 months and added we are going to meet them the calls from here on out He reported that the draft call for April was slightly less thai for the current month The problem now confronting Iowa draft boards is not to de termine which men are essentia but which are most essential General Grahl asserted We are to the point now where boards and selective service have to figure out which men can b taken from industry and agricul ture which will injure them n little as possible he added We cant give much tion to men under 26 the directo said explaining that men in tha age group must be irreplaceable technicians and must have th recommendation of the state di rector to obtain a deferment There wont be very man recommendations for such defer ments in Iowa he added He said the manpower situatio over the state was making it neces sary for draft boards to determin how many filling stations grocer stores and other establishmeni were necessary in their commu nlty then deferments ac cordingly pressing a purge of antinazis and Jews throughout the country with the borders of all neighbor ing countries closed to refugees An axis source in Ankara said Hungarys deposed premier Nich olas Kallay had applied for sanc tuary in Turkey This source in dicated there was small chance the Germans would allow Kal lay out of their jurisdiction be cause of the possibility he might start a free Hungarian movement 11 JAP SHIPS SUNK BY SUBS Washington of 11 more Japanese ships y wide ranging American submarines was announced Friday by the navy de cautions against every possible contingency said to be re possibility the invade Turkish examining the ermans might bridgehead into the Balkans and the European route to the Dardanelles An Associated Press dispatch said a rigorous check in Istanbul in connection witli the report that the Germans had begun taking over all facilities in Rumania Thursday failed to produce cither confirmation or a denial Tele phone communication between Turkey and Bucharest the Ru manian capital was suspended No information had yet reached Turkey to indicate the Germans were inarching into Bulgaria in force although a flood of reports earlier in the week had said nazi military authorities were assuming control of communications and railways in Sofia and elsewhere in Bulgaria The expectations in Ankara however were that Bulgaria would follow Rumania in the slepbystcp reoccupation of the entire eastern Balkans believed to have been laid down by Hitler in order to make a determined bid to halt the Russians in western Bessarabia and along the Black sea coast The program began Monday with Hungary now un der a puppet government A London broadcast quoted Swiss dispatch as reporting that Prince Cyril of Bulgaria and Re gent Bogdan Philov have been ordered to the headquarters of Hitler next Monday a pattern that Hitler appears to have set NOTED FINANCIER DIES Palm Beach Fla Jules Semon Baclic 82 widely known New York financier died at his winter home here early Friday after a brief illness EPIDEMIC TOLL HEAVY Chungking Chinese dis patches said Friday a meningitis epidemic is claiming hundreds of lives daily in Japaneseheld Hang chow 100 miles southwest of Shanghai accounted for by the fortresses and liberators and 22 by the thunderbolt lightning and mus tang escort While losing 27 heavy bombers and i fighters American head quarters said an incomplete as sessment of the damage done in cluded Handorf out of 5 hangars hit and left burning Bar racks hit Heavy concentration of bombs on landing field Hanim railroad hits on railroad bridge hits on main line into city Industrial damage on river front in densely builtup part ot city In addition the Brunswick dis trict the aircraft park at Werl and the air force slalion at Ach mer were hit The absence of any German aerial battle reports accompanying their broadcast achlnng warn ings of raiders again over the rcich hinted that the German fighter defense may not have taken to the air to give combat as it did in some sectors Thurs day The RAFs assault on the Laon yards 5 miles south of the Pas DcCalais the 90mile deep French department which the al lies have been bombing heavily for the last 7 months was a part of the coordinated day and night campaign against the network ot French and Belgian railroads lead ing to the invasion coast Eleven raids his month have been directed at this network including 1 Thursday by Ameri can marauders against Crcil 20 miles north of Paris which they have visited 3 times in a week and HaincjSt Pierre near Char leroi in Belgium 80 miles north cast of Laon FORTS COLLIDE ON RUNWAY 5 Airmen Killed and 14 Saved at Sioux City PHOSPHOROUS BOMBS OVER with a display not unlike a 4th of July fireworks exhibition a phosphorous bomb dropped by an American plane over Itabiiul New Britain sends a shower of sparks and fire setting streamers over Jap planes and installations The army air forces consider these incendiaries more effective than high explosive bombs Red Troops Are Reported Within Sight of Prut River Moscow troops drew within sight of the Prut river from heights 15 miles away Friday and continued their advance in Bessarabia through the first foothills of the Carpathian mountains The Prut is the boundary ot Rumania proper The Dniester which was the prewar boundary has been breached on a wide front Five miles beyond the Prut is an portant northsouth railroad which is the key to northeastern Ru mania Mars Hal Tvari S Koiievs 2nd VITAL ROLE FOR AIR TROOPS IN INVASION CITED Prime Minister Watches as Skytroops Leap From Waves of Airplanes luniluli March 23 Delayed rime Minister Churchill paid a surprise visit lo American airborne troops in the English countryside Thursday and in a voice of deep feeling told them they soon will have the oppor tunity of landing upon the soil of nazioccupled Europe In company with Gen Dwight D Eisenhower Lt Gen Omar N Bradley senior commander ot American ground forces in the united kingdom and Maj Gen Lewis H Brerreton commander oC the U S Hh air force the prime minister witnessed the colorful spectacle of many hundreds of American skytroops leaping from swiftrolling waves of planes on to the green English fields a tow hundred yards from the review ing stand 1on have a great part to play Churchill told them You are specially trained You are the most modern expression of war U is with feelings of profound encouragement Ihat I have the honor to review you here today In these weeks which are passing so swiftly I see gathered here on Ukrainian army was reported in creasing the iiace of its advance toward the Prill now that firmer and higher ground is underfoot Between Tarnopot and Pros kurov the Russians an nounced a 35 mile breakthrough the German communique said grim defensive fighting against superior soviet combat groups continues The Germans as serted they had repulsed other Sioux City army air Friday morning it was announced by Lt Col George A Blakcy station commandant Six of the crew members were taken to the station hospital for observation and treatment Two were listed as seriously injured and the other 4 suffered slight in juries The rest of the crews was uninjured The crash occurred at a m when the first ship taxi ing back to the hangar to remedy a minor engine disturbance crossed the path of the 2nd for strong forces and on two sides of the isolated Crimea Boris Polevoy war correspon dent in Bessarabia wired Pravcla that the Germans and Rumanians were fleeing in confusion abandoning rifles and machine guns They grab on to anything they can lo carts and even tails of horses the dispatch said some more lucky ones fled on oxen Tolevoy said the peasants of Kes sarabia were meeting the advanc ing red army in colorful proccs trcss which was taking off The j sions bearing church banners ami ships collided and before all crew traditional offerings of hrcacl and men could junin clear the line supplv caught fire Both ships i burned With Konevs swift advance Fire lighting equipment hos determined concerted stand field dispatches said The nazis apparently were feel ing the strong pressure of the Russian columns toward Czerno witz important rail and highway city at the foot of the Carpa thians approximately 00 miles due west of Mogilev Potlolski They w e r c reported struggling desperately lo throw up defense lines around the city as the soviet drive developed in intensity from the north and the east Czcrno witz is regarded by soviet mili tary experts as the key to the Ru manian province of Bocovina north Marshal Zhukovs 3day old drive which has liber ated 200 populated points in a 35 milc advance took his forces into the heart of the communications area controlling Lwows connec tions with the lower Ukraine the Russians said This strong push by the first Ukrainian army also outflanked Tarnopol front dispatches report ed and left the twin German de fense bastion of Proskurov lo the east within the red armys salient It appeared these dispatches in dicated that the German counter offensive in this sector has been broken and that immediate with drawal or destruction faces Field Marshal von Miinnsteins axis armies 3 Leaders Serve Notice That Zero Hour Approaches By United 1rcss Three united nations leaders President Roosevelt 1rime Min ister Churchill and Gen Sir Bernard L served notice 011 lhc axis Friday that the zero hour for the invasion of Europe is near In simultaneous pronouncements on the showdown battle with Ger many Mr Kooscvcll spoke of the very eve of Churchill said the assault would come and Montgomery pre dicted that peace now is not so far off Mr ICooscvells statement was issued at a Washington news con ference Churchill addressed American troops at an invasion base in England Thursday Mont pital officers and ambulances rushed to the scene The names of all crewmen arc being withheld pending notifica tion of the next of kin An inves tigation as to the cause of the ac cident is already under way by a board of qualified officers ac cording to Col Blakcy JAPS CHINESE Chungking A Chinese who arrived from Shanghai said many Japanese civilians foreseeing de are marrying Chinese girls and registering property in their IMPKOVES POLICE RADIO DCS Moines Sutton chief engineer of the state police radio system said an auxiliary antenna recently installed on the central dome of the statehouse has improved tremendously the reception of radio messages and signals from state highway patrol cars Your newspaper boy is not re quired to carry a GlobeGazette to anyone who owes him more than 0c RECEIVES COMMISSION Des Moines Lc kin deputy U S marshal and for mer chief clerk of the Iowa house of representatives has been com missioned a lieutenant j g in the navy and ordered to report at Tucson Ariz April In for trainr ing he said Friday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Friday night and SatBr day minimum temperatures Saturday morning in Mason Cily 22 Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy and colder Friday night and Satur day Temperature range 1520 above in extreme north 2025 above in south portion Saturday morning Occasional snow flur ries extreme north portion Fri day night Minnesota Much colder Friday night and in east and south por tions Saturday Not quite so cold northwest portion Saturday aft ernoon Temperature zero to 5 above extreme north and 15 to 20 above extreme south Satur day morning Snow flurries ex treme east Friday night Satur day partly cloudy IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics I Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday Y Khristinovka J gomery commander of British ground forces that will invade western Europe siiokc at a Lon don rally warning however that the cm of the European war might not come unlit 1915 The presidents reference to the very cVe of triumph was part of u statement voicing allied de termination to punish all enemy leaders and functionaries respon sible for the mistreatment of refu gees in Europe and Asia He said that as the crisis ap proached it was fitting to pro claim again imr determination that nonn who participate in the acts of savagery against European and Astatic civilians shall go un lnmshnU English soil these soldiers spe cially trained of our great Ameri can ally preparing themselves to strike a blow for a greater cause Buy War Savings Bonds and YEAR AGO Stamps from your GIobcGazcttc Maximum carrier boy I Minimum 51 33 33 45 34 than cither of our 2 countries have ever fought for in bygone days Churchill continued as the masses of eager batllchclmctcd paratroopers gathered around him It is a world cause bccuusc though no one can tell how the future of the world will shape it self we are determined that the dark tyrannies which have over clouded our lives and drawn our 1 people from their homes shall be urokcn and battered down and that an example shall be made of the guilty which will prevent such tyrannies rum being erected again upon the masses of the peo ple It was Churchills first inspec tion visit lo an allAmcrican unit anil the prime minister in a jo j vial mood and showing the kccn i cst interest in all the complicated paraphernalia of the American airliornc equipment paused re peatedly to talk with the men from overseas Needless to say the Americans showed even keener interest in the chubby bowlerhatted man who brought England forward from the black days of Dunkirk to the thrcshhold of victory Of that victory he expressed high confidence thank God you arc here ha said and from the bottom of my heart I wish you all good fortune and success Whistling his surprise and ad miration at the weight of equip mcnt massed here tor the coming I blow at the continent Churchill T x told the American airborne Irosklirov the capture of Nadushita and the clearing o that they will soon be in I action against the enemy in co REDS IJREAK arrow indicates where the 1st Ukrainian army has smashed open the enemy lines on a 37mile front breaking into an area on the road lo Warsaw Other arrows indicate an encircling maneuver at the cast side of the Bug river ;