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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 24, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HIST ony AND ARCHIVES OES MOINE3 JA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 24 1943 SECTION ONE NO 142 ROMMEL LASHES BACK VIOLENTLY OPA Sets Meat Ration Schedule FATS INCLUDED IN ALLOWANCES OF 16 POINTS Maximum of 2 Lbs of Steak or 3 15 Lbs of Hamburger Provided SEE TABLE ON PAGE 16 WASHINGTON T Disclos ure Wednesday of coupon values oE meat showed that Americans will be allowed starting Monday to buy a maximum of 2 pounds of popular type steak or 3 15 pounds of hamburger a person per week under rationing Actually most people will buy less because they will to use some of the same coupons for but ter lard cheese or canned fish They will have 1G poinls to spend per week at an average coupon cost of 8 points a pound for the whole group of foods A typical budget probably will be per person two pounds of meat plus perhaps a quarter pound of butter and a quarter pound of cheese A whole pound of butter calls for eight points OPA said the rations are rela tively more liberal lhan the ra tions Jfor processed foods but the impact will vary sharply in each lamily Families that have liked and been able to afford to eat a lot of meat may find their rations onlyafraction oftheir customary purchases but in some of the poorest classes the ration may ex ceed what families may be able to afford Compared with such things as gasoline and shoe rationing the new program will affect the lives of Americans more than any other type of rationing undertaken so far By Monday about the only important unraiioned foods in gro cery stores will be milk bread cereals preserves and fresh fruits and vegetables On the brighter siiic the plan is designed to even up meat least after it has been in operation a couple of will help those lo calities which have had the most acute meat shortages The government said the new rationing is necessary to divide up a curtailed civilian supply because of heavy diversion of these foods to the armed services and lend lease Some packers and stock men have blamed the shortage on gov ernment interference normal producing and marketing proced ures Restaurants and other public eating places continue without cus tomer coupons but their overall food supplies arc rationed and of ficials are considering legal tions on portions OPA officials hinted lhat people could not expect to supplement their home meat ra tions very much by dining out ff Only farmers are exempt be ingauthorized to cat as much as they desire of their ownproduce although they must collect cou pons if they sel jmy of it to out side consumers Farmers also hope that rationing will restrain wholesale and retail meat prices sufficiently to obviate an OPA proposal for restricting the prices of live meal animals The new point values were un veiled to the press by OPA with charts tables volumes of explana tory matter and quiz sessions The new plan goes into effect at a m Monday During the first week each per son must use the red A stamps in his number 2 ration book the one in which blue stamps are used foi canned goods to buy meat cxcep poultry and game edible fats anc OWNERS MAKE CONCESSION IN MINE DISPUTE Threat of Stoppage Is Staved Off Until May 1 in Appalachian Fields NEW YORK of an mmediate stoppage in soft coal reduction vital to the nations ar effort was staved off Wcd esday until at least May 1 in part f not all of the rich Appalachian oal fields Two days after President Roose told operators and miners of he Appalachian area that there mist be no interrupation of work vhcn the present contract expires March 31 the northern operators acceded to the unions demand for 30 dav time limit on continuance Eaker Reveals Yanks Downed 52 Planes in Vegesack Raid Declares New Phase ofUS Air Warfare in Europe Beginning AT U S EIGHTH AIR FORCF HEADQUARTERS SOMEWHERE IN ENGLAND States heavy bombers knocked down 52 German fighters positively in last weeks raid on Vcgcsack near Bremen plus 20 probably shot down and 1Z damaged it was dis closed Wednesday by Maj Gen Ira Eakcr ON AFRICAN first vadiotelephotos transmitted from the African front by a new U S signal corps system were taken during the battle of Gifsa in Tunisia seized by the Americans on Slaicli 18 Pictures show a gun crew the alert during the battle and officers observing the battle from a forward position GaLsM in the south ccntral sector is the base to which Rommel withdrew most of his forces after an allied counterattack had hurled him back through the Kasserinc pass a few weeks ago splurge in the final week of April However the real purpose of this system of accumulating cou pons for the first month is to give a fair break to people in some communities where meat or butter may be especially scarce in the early part of the month The red A coupons will give each person even babies 16 points which is the total of the 8 5 2 and 1 point stamps printed in red and marked A One may then buy meat or but er or cheese or anything else on he list according to its point value s he desires For instance vcge arians may spend nil their points canned fish 7 points a pound figuring cant total cost ac cording to label weight of con Generally readytoeat meats especially delicatessen items were given point values 2 points a pound it unsliced or 3 points a pound if sliced higher than the coupon cost of the raw mealThe differential was selected to take care of shrinkage and waste in processing Thus to find the point value ot corned beef as an example a butcher will have to figure out what cut of meal il was rrtndc out of the point value of the meat in ils original form and DANES THUMP NAZIS AT POLLS Smashing Demonstration of Democracy Is Given STOCKHOLM Danish people smarting under the yoke of the occupying Germans gave a smashing demonstration for de mocracy as the count came in Wednesday from Tuesdays monlary elections of negotiations on a rctrocative jasis John L Lewis United Mine ivbrkers president said last week that the miners would not go into the mines April 1 without a con tract The UMW representing 450000 bituminous coal miners has pre sented a similar proposal to oper ators of mines in the southern dis trict of the area The southern conference adjourned until 1 p m without taking any action on the matter of continued negotiations and production after the expira tion of the contract Charles ONeill spokesman for the northern operators in his statement said We have reached an agree ment at last for conlinuing the operation of the mines for 30 days after April 1 on a retroactive basis suggested by the president The miners union lias pre sented a series of demands for the proposed new contract in cluding an increase of S2 a day and an SB daily minimum for all who work in the coal fields and unionization of supervisory em ployes below the rank of super intendent Management and union were deadlocked Tuesday on the ques tion of a time limitation on con tract negotiations with the oper ators rejecting the union proposal for a limit ot 30 days on negotia tions during which period miners would continue to work The union rejected the operators suggestion continued negotiations without I a time limit but making final The total of positive victims was cental to the highest previous ly scored in a raid on France lasl Oct 7 2f He disclosed that German fighter victims in Mondays raid on Wilhelmshavcn were 28 positively shot down nine prob ably shot down and nine dam aged That made for the total of fil American operations in Europe ecord of 351 victims 90 bombers lost il was date a against stated The Vegcsack raid Maj Gen Eaker said marked an end of the terms retroactive to April 1 HIT AIRFIELD IN GUADALCANAL Some Damage Caused by Japanese Air Raid WASHINGTON aliens inuj IIL j my meal in its ui luiin imu r r i on butter and cheese while some I acld 2 or 3 points a pound depend molc 30 P 1 e somc i i i lr I lr Ic Slirv t It t fin rTMV lln tl nil I IPIf experimental period in high al titude daylight precision bombing It now has been definitely es tablished as practical without un economical losses A new phase in the eighth U S air force campaign now is beginning in which Eakcr com mander of the air force said our task is In huiid up a force lo join the KAF in a fullscale offensive on the German war machine American bombers now can go to any target in Germany and beat off fighters on their way there and on the way back he said in a press conference t anticipate that we will have a big enough force by midsum mer so we wont give a damn whether they know we arc coming or not The more fighters put up the more well knock down Flying fortresses and liberators now iire being equipped and crews trained for night bombing he also stated and will start flying al night in the near future That will mean lhat they will he making part f their trips in dawn or dusk and part in dark ness when the weather is better than for regular daylight flying and will drop their bombs in the darkness Nothing that the creditabilit of our claims of enemy aircraf destroyed has been questioned Major General Eakcr said I am quite certain our claims are nig but have no way of knowin exactly what they should be He explained lhat the scorin of daylight victims was an entire different problem from the RA MAJ GEN IKA EAKEK phase beginning BURMA MONSOON TO BEGIN SOON Wavell Drive on Mayu Peninsula Bogs Down By THE ASSOCIATED 1KESS Field Marshal Sir Archibald P Vavclls legions have fiilcd in our attempts to crush Japanese defenses on the top of the Mayu in Burma dispatches aid Wednesday and now must eadjust their positions to await ic inch rains of the monsoon Only a few weeks remain before he flood begins Dispatches said the British cnm aign bogged down mainly bej uwy ause they were unnble to capture wo Japanese strongpnints on the leninsula whose tip lies opposite he big enemy base at Alcyab on the Bay of Bengal Nevertheless said Hie British had achieved three objcc cs 1 killed many Japanese 2 They gained valuable expe rience in jungle warfare 3 They balked any Japancve plan to invade India before the i monsoon I Meanwhile British headquar ters said RAP warplancs blasted Japanese positions al on the Mayu peninsula and strafed enemy river craft and Japanese troops moving along the Toungoo road BRITISHBREACH IN MARETH LINE IS WIPED OUT English Hold Gains on Upper End of Axis Fortifications Front By UOGEK GKEENE Associated Ircss War Editor Field Marshal Erwin Rommel as lashed back with a series of iolcnt counterattacks and vir ually wiped out the British eighth irmys breach in the Marcth line t was officially announced today jut has failed to dislodge the iriiish from Ihe Marclh village jrca at the upper end of the little Alaginot fortifications Dispatches said the situation was very confused Iii the north lankled Ameri can troops were reported lo have inflilccd a decided reverse on the Germans in the El Guctar sector ami pushed on five miles toward the sea from Maknassy in a threat to Rommels north ern lifeline Frontline reports said U S ar tillery fire destroyed ID to 30 tanks out of a foree of some 100 German tanks east of El Guetar where the Americans within an hours drive of the sea Prime Minister Churchill lokl parliament in London that Rom mel had regained the greater part jf ground ot in Hie British eighth army assault which has torn 1 miledeep salient into he Ger man defense zone near Zaral An Algiers broadcast uncon firmed elsewhere said the eighth army was continuing to advance within 1H miles of Gabcs A bulletin from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters said the Germans making a bitter stand in response to Hitlers re ported order for them to fight lo the last counterattacked in all three main sectors of cen tral and southern Tunisia Tues A communique said Ihe RAF also bombed Akyab and the en emy airfield at Magwc Japanese planes attacked an A communique reported lhat serious losses were inflicted on the counterattacking Germans and more than 2flOO prisoners Mcrc captured Some 3000 axis prisoners had previously been reported taken since the allied offensive last Saturday The allied war bulletin said n British column which swept 100 miles around the iovcr end of the Marcth line gained fresh ground against stiff armored resistance advancing another two miles to ward the axis air field at El Hannna The flanking column Tuesday was reported only 10 miles south of the air field Simultaneously frontline dis patches said U S troops had stood firm under a heavy German counterassault on the Maknassy allied air field in southeast Bengal El Guetar front north of the province India and inflicted a Mareth line and had knocked out few minor casualties and slight i 30 axis tanks problem of calculating enemy damage craft shot down at night people may buy practically noth ng but meat The system is vir ually the same as the point values canned goods The avcrase value of all meats lumping everything from pigs feet to porterhouse is 6 points a pound but the most popular types average 8 poinls Typical 8 point cuts are all beefsteak except boned sirloin which is veal loin chops center pork chops loin lamb chops fresh or cured sliced ham and cither sliced or slab bacon with the rind off Roasts arc mostly 6 lo 8 points a pound Hamburger is only 5 points a pound but a catch here is that OPAs definition of hamburger is something made exclusively of serais and other waste meats It one wants better ground meat he ng on whether the finished prod uct is sold whole or sliced A whole or half fresh ham for In stance will cost 7 points a pound while the same ham in rcadyto eat condition costs 9 points Ready to cat sliced ham is a slight ex ception from the rule and costs 11 points a pound The government ordered that all meats should be sold on a normal trim basis That meant that butchers arc supposed to cut off 3 normal amount of bone and fat before weighing However consumers will have o do their own policing of the order and if dissatisfied can do nothing but argue with the butcher or lake their trade else where oils except olive oil and salac will have to buy it in its original dressings cheese except soft andform pay the regular point value and then have it ground to order Other cheaper meats include stew meat at between 4 and 6 points a pound spare ribs at 4 beef brains at 3 beef liver at 6 or pork liver at 5 and ready to cat pigs feet at 2 points a pound Some highpoint items include Boneless loin pork chops 10 pork tenderloin 10 dried beef 12 Canadian bacon 11 whole or half of readytoeat ham at 9 or 11 if sliced All butter and rationed types of cheese arc 8 poinls a pound lard shortening and margarine 5 salad and cooking oils fi points a pound or piut all perishable cheeses such as cottage cheese and canned fish or shell fish Meats arc rationed whether fresh frozen cooked or cured The following week any left over As plus Ihe red B stamps may be used and in the third week the left over As and Bs plus the red C stamps The same carryover is provided in the fourth week but all four weeks stamps expire to gether on April 30 Procedure after that remains to be determined At least during April this will cause great variance in weekly purchases since some people may want to save some of their earlymonth coupons for a lie electorate going to the polls the five dominant on a platform of national unity and the principles of free national 302000 more votes than in the last election in 1939 The Danish nazi party despite the backing of the German invad ers gained only 12000 votes over its 1939 total of compar atively insignificant proportion of the total cast Somc nazis had called on the electorate to abstain from voting while Danish authorities had called on the citizens to appear and Fiftcn per cent more voters appeared than in the previ ous election to the American airfield on Guadalcanal island in the Solo mons during an attack Tuesday night the navy disclosed Wed nesday Navy communique No 322 said Pacific all dates arc east longitude I On March A force of army fighlcrs Lockheed P38 slrafcd the en emy seaplane base al Rekata bay in Ihe central Solomons Results vcrc not reported All U S planes During the night of March 2321 a small number of Japanese planes attacked the air ield on Guadalcanal island There was some material damage bui here were no casuallics to per sonnel All poinls values in this pro Shin fnr gram arc on a per pound basis VargO OOlp LameCl IOF even with regard to canned meats or fish and fractional weights will e figured to the nearest full cou pon that at least one point must be charged for even the smallest purchase Thus a steak which costs 8 points a pound may be bought in a half pound portion at 4 points or in a pound and three ounce size at 10 points Because of the difficulty in cut ting meat to exact weights and thus to exact coupon totals OPA authorized butchers to give poii change using 1point cou pons for this purpose Retailers and wholesalers will use in their purchases an entirely different set of point values which will be much lower to compensate them lor shrinkage and waste Pioneer Soldier of Iowa General Weaver WILMINGTON Cal James B Weaver a cargo carrier named for a pioneer Iowa soldier and public official was launched Tuesday Constructed by the California Shipbuilding corporation the car rier was launched 27 days after its keel was laid Weaver who became a briga dier general in the Iowa infantry in the Civil war later was an Iowa congressman and once was the greenback partys candidate for presidenl He died in 1912 The night bomber noes as an individual plane lie said In daytime we have as high as UC planes in formation An enemy plane which dives at thai for mation is sliot at by all the planes and duplicate claims may easily arise He said however lhat every ef fort was made to eliminate dupli cate claims with a central group of officers spending days and lighls using diagramand even models but he acknowledged we still are not certain they eliminate all of them The eighth air force he said in the not too distant future will be operating with bombers that wil be bigger and faster and earn three to four times the bomb load and they will be better defen sively Thief Steals Cake of Paper Mache 2 Small Children Die When Cottage Near Storm Lake Is Burned STORM LAKE County Coroner John J Taylor planned an inquest Wednesday into the deaths of the two young sons of Mr and Mrs Augic Richter The boys Ronald 3 and Gerald Lee 13 months lost their lives in a flaming cottage at Casino Park near here Monday Mrs Richter said she ran for aid when flames burst from a chimney in the home The house was ablaze when neighbors ar rived The charred bodies were removed from the smoking ashes by Fire Chict Harold Stanlon Nazis Claim Saboteurs Driven Off Norway Coast The Algiers nulio sail Ameri can armored forces had Imigcil oti five miles hcvond newly rr cniilurccl Mnknussy and scircii an important rider thrcatcninc Komnids path of retreat to VAN NUYS Cal the north lim right department A thief stole a fourfoot victory cake from a war bond rally tempted by the pink and white frosting It was a paper mache cake for exhibition purposes The real one to be divided among bond purch asers hadntbeen baked yet Italian headquarters gave this version of the battle in Tunisia fierce fighting con tinues in the central md southern GRAND DUCHESS AKKIVES SEATTLE Mt The grand duchess of Luxembourg the first titular bend of a foreign slate to 1 forces had sectors During counterattack launched by axis forces 40 enemy tanks were destroyed and 170 prisoners were taken Churchill who snid lie based his statement on the latest informa tion from Tunisin declared that Field Marshiil Erwin Rommels largely restored set fool on the Pacific coast since the main axi defense in the Mar the wars outbreak arrived eth day night from Victoria B C Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Mild and about normal temperatures Wednes day afternoon Wednesday night LONDON German1 and Thursday forenoon controlled Oslo radio reported IOWA Little change in tempera ture Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon Occasiona light rain or drizzle southeast portion Wednesday night MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 45 Minimum Tuesday night 34 At 8 a m Wednesday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 61 Minimum 42 Wednesday that a group of sabo teurs had been landed on the Nor wegian coast Monday night by British motorboats but had been spotted at once by German troops and driven off with sharp losses The broadcast was recorded by Reuters British news agency GET MEXICAN MEET EL PASO Tex Mexi can customs office Wednesday lifted its ban on exportation of meat Scores of El Pasoans immed iately flocked across the interna tional bridge over the Rio Grande on meat shopping trips to Juarez Mexico There was no immediate indicn ion whether liis information was atcr or earlier lhan llic Algiers jroadcast reporting lhat the Brit fh were within 13 miles of Gabcs Churchill warned that the bat tle hail not yet reached Us cli max and that iniicli hard fighting lay ahead but declared that on the other ham I have Rreat con fidence in the final result Dispatches said the fighting was extremely fierce as Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys troops poured into a twomilcwidc gap in the upper Marcth works near Zarat More than 3000 axis prisoners were reported already streaming back to the rear with somc Ital ians surrendering rather than suf Icr further pounding by Montgom erys guns Enemy resistance remains very strong the Algiers radio said and Rommel was pictured as but tling desperately to keep open his ;