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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 24, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY UNO ARCHIVES OES MO I A VOL XLVIII ITED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIBES FIVE CENTS A COPY THi NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 24 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 140 54 PLANES RAID BATAAN AND FORT DamageFrom Thundering Bombardment Reported to Be Slight NAZI PLANS FOR DRIVE IN NEAR EAST REPORTED Russian News Agency Says German Troops Massing Near Turkey By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Rumbles of an impending Ger man offensive in the near east presumably against Turkey came from European capitals Tuesday as Adolf Hitler threw masses of hastilytrained reserves and fresh levies from the Balkan stales into the battle with Russia Simultaneously Britons were officially warned anew of a pos sible German attempt to invade the British Tsles this spring Sweden too was on the alert Tass the soviet news agency reported in a dispatch from Istanbul that German and Bul garian troops were massing on he Turkish frontier and lhat German engineers had super vised the construction of 24 new airdromes and 50 landing fields in Bulgaria near the Turkish border Tass said Bulgarian ruling cir cles were casting avid eyes at certain Turkish territory and would villingly become tools of German military provocation in the near east Trustworthy advices from Stock holm said Sweden aware that Scandinavias uneasy peace may the war was keeping a consider able defense force under arms These advices denied that the calling of additional troops tor maneuvers at the end oC February had reached the proportions of complete mobilization and said the tension had somewhat relaxed in the last few days chiefly be cause indications in axis capitals as well as in Turkey pointed to a German drive in the near east ITALIANS TELL OF MEDITERRANEAN BATTLE At sea Premier Mussolinis high command asserted that axis tor pedo planes had sunk damaged or hit 39 British warships and merchant vessels in airsea battles ranging from North Africa into the eastern Mediterranean toward Malta T o r p e d ocarrying planes three of ivhich were reported lost in the operations were credited by the Italians with sinking 3 cruiser an unidentied naval unit and a 10000ton merchant ship while German bombers which joined in the at tack on the convoy were said to have sent another merchant ship to the bottom The German high command listed three merchant ships sunk and three others a cruiser and a destroyer damaged It said the at tack was carried out by nazi and Italian planes and located the British convoy as sailing towards Malta British sources acknowledged Monday night that some of their ships had been hit but none sunk Listed as damaged were three cruisers a destroyer and three merchant ships all by Italian tor pedo planes and two merchant vessels by German bombers Italian warships were said to have scored hits on one cruiser and two destroyers while a naval unit was torpedoed by an Italian sub marine CLAIM NAZIS TRYING TO HIDE LOSSES On the Russian front soviet dis patches reported heavy scattered fighting in the Leningrad and Moscow sectors with 2300 Ger mans killed and said that the trapped German army in the Starayn Russa sector 120 miles below Leningrad was burning its dead anc stillliving wounded to hide losses before retreating A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters acknowledged the Russians were unleashing power ful attacks in the Donets river basin of the Ukraine where the red armies arc battling to recap ture Kharkov but asserted they were beaten off Red army troops were declared by the soviet information bureau to have killed 1800 Germans and destroyed 30 blockhouses and machinegun nests in a twoday fight on the Leningrad front Stockholm dispatches to London indicated Novgorod Germanheld walled city north of Lake Ilmen had been surrounded They said also that the RzhevVyazma road on the central front had been cut by soviet occupation of Sychevka a midway point British on Alert for New Campaigns By 1OE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor Great Britain went on the alert Tuesday in preparation for campaigns and a flurry of rumors pointed to Scandinavia and par ticularly Sweden as a likely new theater of action Unconfirmed reports said that Germany was massing forces along the Baltic coast and in Nor way but whether as a precaution against a possible British offen sive or for a direct move against Sweden was not certain London newspapers reported hat Sweden has quietly brought her army up to maximum strength by mobilization of re serve classes and that Swedish troops and planes arc carrying out extensive maneuvers There were plentiful signs that a typical war of nerves was being conducted by both sides to mask preparations for coming spring offensives A government statement In par liament revealed that a general staff on war production is being set up headed by the famous economist Sir Walter Layton and that measures are being taken to coordinate united nations war output on international basis are about to see new cam paigns starting and we must play our part in them the spokesman said lord Beaverbrook it was re vealed already has arrived in the United States on a prb duction coordination mission A further move to strengthen the offensive power of the Brit ish in preparation for moves against the continent was anounced This was the es tablishment of an air force di rectly under British army con trol and independent of the Royal Air Force There have been frequent com plaints in the during the battle of lack of intimate collaboration be tween the RAF and British ground forces seriously hampered British land operations The new army wing it was said will include air borne and para troops and glider forces NELSON HOPES DOUBLE TIME TO BE SUSPENDED Asks for 30 Days to Attempt Changes on Voluntary Basis WASHINGTON Pro duction Chief Donald Nelson asked congress Tuesday to give him a 30 day timelimit to obtain vol mtary suspension of double pay overtime through agreement vitli leaders of organized labor before enacting legislation on he matter i He promised the house naval committee that he would ask for legislation himself then if lie was unable to obtain that agreement but simultaneously entered opposition to suspension of federal maximum hour legis lation and a ban against closed shops in industries handling army and navy contracts The men at the bench are just JAPS ATTACK PORT MORESBY Raid Airdrome Then Assault Targets Near Town in New Guinea MELBOURNEAustralia Japanese airmen made their sec ond big attack in two days on Port Moresby outer island outpost of Australias defenses sending over two waves of bomb ers protected by fighter planes Tuesday The bombers first centered their attack on the New Guinea ports airdrome in a persistent effort to rub out combined Australian anc American air forces which have made Japanese positions in this area so costly to maintain Then they attacked targets neai the town while navy Zero fighters sought to drive off defending planes Prime Minister John Curtin who announced this the only military action on the whole Aus tralian front Tuesday said no damage or casualties so far liac been reported from the raid and added that one of the raiders was damaged by antiaircraft shells and probably was unable to get back to its base Following Mondays strong at tack in which 19 heavv bombers dropped 67 bombs about For Moresby airdrome it appeared the Japanese were concentrating their remaining air strength in the northeastern island area to knock ing out this objective Interned Japs to Help Pay U S War Costs MISSOULA Mont ese interned as enemy aliens a Fort Missoula will help pay for planes to bomb their home coun try whethni they like it or not Lewis Pemvell Montana collecto of internal revenue arrived Mon day with a staff of assistants t interview the alien Japanes about payment of 1941 federal in come taxes as patriotic as you and he old Chairman Vinson D Ga of he committee who with repre sentative Smith D Va drafted thefarreaching measure The present law he said does not prevent men from work ing more than 40 hours a week t has not set the pattern for the length of our work week in ouv var industries It governs wages rather than the hours in which a man mayworkv He lbldtthe conunHteethat men in the highlystrateeic machine tool industry now were working an average of 55 hours that those in the shipbuilding industry averaged 48 hours and those in aircraft plants 49 If we abolish the 40hour week by law he said we do not gain one hour of additional work in our war industries but naturally we create a widespread demand for increases wage rates throw the entire wage struc ture out of adjustment andre move an important incentive foi labor to shift from nonessential industries into war production jobs Senator George D Ga earlier had predicted that public demand would force drastic and perhaps unwise legislative curbs on labor unless the administration acted promptly to seek a modifi cation of the 40hour week law Like George Speaker Rayburn D Texas was another influen tial capitol hill leader to raise a voice for a wartime change in the wagehour law to guarantee maximum arms production Rayburn committing himsell for the first time on the subject indorsed n 48 hour work week for the duration Monday night with time and a half pay for employ ment after 48 hours But as for double time on Sun days and holidays Kavburn said tersely I think that ought to be out Whether Rayburns pronounce ments indicated a change of posi tion by the administration was a matter of much speculation Only a week ago President Roosevcl strongly against law change at any this spoke out wagehour time and there have been no hints that he has altered his views Only Monday Democratic Leader Mc Cormack Mass took the house floor to say that much misinfor mation had been spread about on the wagehour issue Organized labor took a similar tack Daniel 1 Tobin presiden of the International Brotherhooc of Teamsters declared ii a radio speech from Chicago Mon day night that the 40hour week controversy was just a smoke screen full of willful misrepresen tation in a campaign by bittei enemies of the organized work ers to discredit the tradeunion movement in wartime Despite all such counseling am arguments against a change in In law at this time congressmen acknowledged privately and pub licly that there has been no slack ening in the flood of telegrams telephone calls and petitions from the voters back home demanding action DIES INAFRICA SIOUX CITY WVMr Mrs C E Gordon said they Iiad been notified that their son Ar thur Cleveland Gordon 28 dice last Tuesday in Africa of burn suffered when an airplane he wa helping refuel ignited He hac been stationed at Khartoum in th AngloEgyptian Sudan and hac been employed by PanAmerican Airways First Jops Arrive at Camp First arrivals at the Japanese evacuee community being established valley at Manzanar Cal are assigned to quarters in barracks Thpv worn in the Owens Q ssigned to quarters in barracks Thev were uarl of a van guard of 8G workers from Los Angeles One thousand men were lo arrive in the first nidSs jji oup ClaimBuilding of Synthetic Rubber Plants in 40 Urged Defense Advisory Group Recommended Construction to FR eiiat e investigators Ive ar d testimony Tuesday that the defense advisory committee urged upon President Roosevelt on Sept 12 1340 that facilities for production of 100 000 tons of synthetic rubber an nually be constructed at once but that the recommendation was re jected The testimony was given to the senate defense investigating committee by William L Bait director of materials for the war production board who headed a committee which made a survey of the rubber situation in 1940 Bait said that the committees recommendation was based on a compilation of offers by various companies to engage in synthetic rubber production There developed however a difference of opinion Batt said between the committee on the one hand and Jesse Jones federal loan administrator on the other as to the necessity for that large a program at the time He added that he believed Jones was siip the president in his ported by view Mr Jones has testified I be lieve before this committee or at least has made it clear publicly Batt said that in the discussions between him and the president Hint program was considered larger than was necessary Excerpts from the defense com missions recommendations signed by E R Steltinius Jr were read into the record by counsel for the senate committee Writing o the president Stetiinius saiil that if the gov ernment believed there was any possibility of the nations rub ber supply Heine shut off syn thetic rubber plants should be built now The proposed expansion pro gram the letter said would meet the then existing defense needs but would require 12 to 15 months to carry out Batt told the committee that the defense commission had only ad visory powers and it at first at tempted In aid private companies in obtaining loans from the Re construction Finance corporation individually in order to finance synthetic rubber plant construc tion Asserting that this resulted ina crossjjuvpose pproach Batt es suggested il would be better to turn Tile whole thing over to him and this was done JAP BASES IN BURMA RAIDED Chinese Forces Regain Positions in Battle South of Toungoo NEW DELHI UR American and British air squadrons attacked Japanese bases in Burma Tuesday and Chinese troops seven miles south of Toungoo battled strong enemy forces in a sees struggle The Chinese after being forced back toward Toungoo counter attacked and regained their posi tions a communique said and now have the situation well in hand U S Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwell commands the Chi nese and American forces Jn Burma American volunteer groups and RAF fryers raided two Japanese air bases in Thailand and attacked 42 enemy fighters and bombers on the ground at Chiengmai When the AVGs left seven fires were burning one of which enveloped three enemy planes the communique said Seven planes were completely disabled and several probably wrecked Many others were damaged The Americans met heavy antiaircraft fire A simultaneous attack was made on Lampurt airfield south east of Chiengmai Results are no yet reported DIES FROM BURNS INDEPENDENCE M Miss Mary Agnes King 80 lifelong resident of Independence dieo Monday night in a local hospital of burns she received Monda morning while she was lighting a fire in the kitchen stove with kerosene Her clothing was burncc from her body Russians Slip Arms Through Lines to Polish Guerrillas LONDON for Polish guerilla bands operating again the Germans are being slipped through the nazi lines by the Russians military experts said Tuesday The Poles it raiding vital Tuesday was said were communications points behind the German lines Only a small amount of arms and ammunition has been diverted to them in the last two years but from now on it is expected the supplies will be greater and that sabotage against Germany will in crease Some arms have been sent by airplane but most of the supplies are slipper through the Pripet marshes an area the Germans by passed but never conquered The marsnes apparently are the headquarters for the guerilla bands and through them the Rus sian intelligence lines are said to extend as far east as Warsaw Informed sources here said that while Premier Wladislaw Sikor sky is in Washington he will at tempt to obtain leaselend funds for armaments and equipment not only for Polish forces fighting in Russia but aljo for the Polish guerillas DOVER 2 OTHER TOWNS RAIDED Heaviest Air Attack Since 1941 Reported iriSbuthealt England LONDON divi bombers struck destruction a Dover and two other southens English coast towns by dusk anc moonlight Monday night in then heaviest attack since the major raids of 1311 Numbers of pcr ons were killed Berlin identified the other two towns as Portland and New Hav en British antiaircraft batteries and night fighters challenged them with heavy fire and final ly drove them hack across the English channel The weather however was said to have kept the RAFS bombei squadron inactive again for the 10th successive night One town was attacked by re lays of divebombers A shelter was hit squarely A whole stick o bombs blasted a stiijct Sevcra other areas were stiuck by high explosives There were a nu ber of fatalities Hundreds of residents of an other town watched bombs spew from four raiders which sped in low from the sea at dusk Three persons were killed and seven in jured RAF fighters streaked alof and drove the Germans away Street crowds cheered At a third community home guardsmen found their exercises suddenly turned into real warfare They blasted away at attacking planes and expressed belief the hit one helping the regular do fenders to bring it down In one of the raided towns which underwent one of the worst attacks it has suffered in the war bombs fell on each side of a motion picture theater but the show went on and there was no panic in he audience In another incident in that raid a man was carried SO feet by a bomb escaped seriou injury A crew of fire watchers wa feared buried under debris causec by one bomb hit Buy your defense savings stamp from your Globe Gazelle Carrie boy or at the GG business office Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Showers and cold er Tuesday night Temperalur above freezing IOWA Colder Tuesday nigh north and west portion Shower in east portion colder i northcentra portion Tucsda night occasional light rain i southeast and rain or snow i southwest portion beginnin Tuesday night and overspread ing central portion Wedncsda forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Monday 61 Minimum Monday night 42 At 8 a m Tuosday 42 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 27 Admits Japs Appear to Be on Defensive By ROGEIl D GREENE Associated Press War Editor The German radio Tuesday noted a Tokio spokesman as uig ig Japan to press tier offensive y obtaining the Indian ocean and ustralia as strongholds for big uture military operations The nazi broadcast quoted Cap ain Hideo Hiraide Japanese aval spokesman as declaring It seems that since the capilu alion of the Netherlands East ndies the situation has readied i turning point and that Japan is on the defensive and the AnfrloAmcrican powers on the offensive Defensive lines cio not however ead to victory Japan must ontinue its offensive Captain Hiraide acknowledged at the question of transport to upply Japans fatflung invasion rmies was becoming difficult statement underlined by official Vashington announcement that U submarines had sunk three ore ships and damaged three there in Japanese waters In Australia Gen Douglas MacArthur busily mobilized the vast island continents defenses against an expected Japanese invasion attempt and indicated that he would follow a policy of keeping the public informed ou developments tf My main purpose is not to sup press news but to get news for you the united nations general simo told correspondents Attack Fat Bonuses in War Works WASHINGTON of huge bonuses paid out under ovcrnment contracts by Jack Heintz Inc Cleveland airplane parts company prompted a de nand on the house floor Tuesday hat those responsible for such contracts be prosecuted Representative Andrescii K Minn leading off a scries of one minute speeches for legis lation to speed war produc tion made the demand after calling attention to the story as related to tlic house naval sub committee Monday The responsible parties shouli e promptly dealt with as crimi nals Atidrescu declared adding If this is a sample of govern ment efficiency the war will cos twice as much as it should I Ihcse stories are true I tlont blami labor for demanding highe ivages Rep Young re fening to the Jack Heintz case tpld the house lhat unless congrcs acts to limit war profits this wi will produce more millionaire than World war 1 All profits over 3 per ccn should be taken by the govern ment in taxation he urged add ing We hear member after mem ber denouncing labor but un conscionable war profiteering is met with SHIUR complacency We should take the profit out of war Before yielding to anti labor propaganda instigated by the halcRoosevcH boys let us immcdialcly put an end to war profiteering such as perpetrated by Jack Hcinlz Inc Congress was amazed at the ili closure of war orders solucrati the woman secretary of a miiu facturer has been drawing salar and extras at the rate of 59510 a year The manufacturer W S Jack president of Jack and Hcimz Inc of Bedford Ohio contended in a statement that the bonus system under which the secre tary was paid actually de creased costs He told the house naval committee Monday thai the firm which makes airplane parts had Riven out S600000 in bonuses last year And the money all came fron the government said Rcpresen tative Vinson D chairma of the committee The secretary plump Miss Adc laide Bowman said of her cm ployer hes generous and is most wonderful man in ti world She acknowledged M o n d a that she received 539356 last yea and for the first te weeks this annual ra of 595108 tor 1912 3 JAP BOMBERS HOT DOWN BY US DEFENDERS Sharp Encounters Are Reported on Ground in What May Be New Drive WASHINGTON fleet 54 Japanese heavy bombers ucsday hit the Balaan battlclines ncl the island fortress of Corregi or with thundering bombard lent that may mark the start oC apans anticipated new offensive the Philippines The Japanese used a new type bomber But the damage inflicted on ur military installations was oE ight consequence a war de artmcnt communique said At east three of the enemy bombers ere shot down While the bit Nipponese planes heaped bombs upon Cor rcgidor and tltc AmericanFili pino lines several sharp en counters occurred on the ground along the 15 mile Bataan front V W Lieut Gen Jonathan JT Wain rights American artillery blared nto action and according to the ommunique w a s believed to e inflicted considerable osses on the numerically su perior troops of Con Tomoyuki Yamashita Japans new com manderinchief in the Philip pines The communique did not de scribe the aerial assault as the start of Yamashitas longanfici Jated effort to crush resistanceot he AmericanFilipino forces es imated to number only about 20 ICO Military experts said how cvcr that the attack evidently constituted a prelude of the consequences which Yamashi ta promised Wainwrights forces after Waimvrieht met wtih si lence a Japanese surrcnderor die ultimatum which expired at noon Sunday The war department said three lays ago that Yamashita appeared o be regrouping his forces for his longdelayed offensive Since hen Japanese feeler attacks invc been intensified on Bataan Tuesdays communique said hat the 54 Japanese heavy bomb ers were of a new type but did not describe them nor did it indi cate whether they were sent from other fronts or from Japan The indications of a Japanese major offensive in the Philippines rpllowecl disclosure that subma ines of the U S Asiatic fleet have unfc onethird of the Japanese ships sent to the bottom by U S army and naval forces since the start of the war in the Pacific SUBS SINK THREE JAPANESE VESSELS The latest victory of the under sea raiders along Japans vital supply lines was revealed in a navy communique Monday night which said lhat a group of submap ritiLs stealing Into Japanese home waters had sunk at least three and probably four enemy vessels and damaged two others Definitely sunk in the recent attacks were a 7000ton tanker a 5000ton freighter and a 6 000ton merchant ship while a Japanese naval a destroyer or an antisubmarine probably sunk the communique reported The two ships damaged by American torpedoes were de scribed as 2000ton freighters The announcement brought the total hag of the submarines oE the Asiatic fleet to 39 ships sunk or presumably sunk including 24 transports and supply ship OIL the basis of official communiques Since the start of the war in the Pacific U S army and naval planes surface warships and submarines are credited with sinking or probably sinking 120 Japanese warships transports auxiliaries and supply vessels Against the submarine baft of 39 Japanese ships the Asiatic fleet is reported to have lost only one submarine the Shark whose presumable loss was announced last Wednesday The submarine Scalion had to be destroyed at Civile naval base in the Philippine islands to pre vent its falline into enemy hands Of the 39 Japanese ships sunk by submarines or believed to hava been sunk 13 have been sent to the bottom in Japans homa waters On Jan 17 line navy announced that three enemy merchant ships ;