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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 24, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS IJSASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 24 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE Advertising Soil Plans Flood Waters Dust Storms Timed to Aid New Deal IDE NOT TO WAIT FOR HITLER By CHARGES P STEWART dust storms in the west and devas tating floods else where were mighty tough on their victims but nature timed them very con veniently to give favorable adver tising to new deal plans for soil con servation and ri ver control The dust storms proved conclusively enough to con vince anyone that the present surface of considerable areas of the country really needs somehow to keep it from being blown away down to hardpan upon other areas which dont require it When the revised AAA program is attacked in the Vnited States supreme court as it is sure to be on the ground that it is in disguise crop control which the high tribunal already has held the federal government constitution ally powerless to interfere with it will be pretty easy to show that dust are interstate manifestations and nationally dangerous too in short that they are properly sub ject to federal pos sible Freak Dry Season Some authorities have argued that last summers dust storms were the products of a freakily dry season and that with a wetter one they wouud not recur Now however they are starting in though the current year thus far has been exceptionally damp It is true 1934 was not especial ly dust stormy The epidemic of such storms on a grand scale did not start until rather abruptly it did start in 1935 Agriculture departmental and weather bureau experts tell me they think that western dry farmers gradually were working up to the catastrophe for a generation by in tensive cultivation of land that ought to have been left to buffalo grass for grazing alone Gentle Breeze Enough The soil stood it as long as it could then came a recordbreaking dry year and the regionally nor mal high winds began to get in their work most noticeably This year while it is moister not enough of the top dirt is left to hang on Even a gentle breeze is sufficient to scatter it hither and yon recent winds have not been violent but the dust has been worse than ever That the damage altogether can be repaired is recognized by special ists as an impossibility Dust that already has been wafted frcm Okla homa into the north Atlantic and intermediate points is gone for good of course Oklahomas prob lem is to keep what remains Agron omists are not so sure that this can be done But they want it at tempted Bad Soil Usage Dust storms and floods are dif ferent but it appears to be agreed that both are due to bad soil usage New England and Pennsylvania for example have been afflicted by disastrous freshets resulting from deforestation of the uplands rain and melting snow which ought to have refreshed highland timber if it had not been slaughtered whole sale has swished down mountain sides inundating cities in narrow downstream valleys River control like inland naviga tion is accepted as a federal func tion The only question is Creates Water Power River control involves the crea tion of water power as a byprod uct Can the federal government sell its byproduct in competition with private power producers The supreme courts decision on this point is 5050 Natures present policy is a mere matter of pronew deal publicity It seems to indicate that dust storms are bad business which the new deal is trying to put a stop to most commendably and floods which the new deal does not like either It is laughable how regularly everything including dust storms and floods breaks right for the Roosevelt administration Tornado Damages Farms in Northwestern Iowa Woman Charged With Abduction of Infant RANKIN Opal L Stewart accused slayer of a bank clerk was held here Tuesday on charges of kidnaping a day old baby Sheriff W C Fowler said the 34 year old woman had abducted the baby daughter of Mr and Mrs E T Hinton McCamey a few hours after she had obtained em ployment in the home by posing as a nurse SOUTHWESTERN PART OF STATE HAS DUST STORM Fair Weather Predicted as Wind Begins to Die Down One sign that spring has defin itely sign being in the form of a damaging twister1 observed Monday night and early Tuesday in northeastern Iowa Meanwhile a dust storm blown up from the dust in western Kansas Oklahoma and Colorado swirled over southwestern Iowa early Tuesday The tornado struck two farms which are located on opposite sites of Silver Lake near Ayrshire in Palo Alto county At the Fred Brattmiller farm buildings were moved from their foundations and outbuildings including the chicken house and hog houses were leveled Many trees were blown down Sixteen windows in the house were broken and considerable plas ter shaken from the house Door Torn Off We were very much Mrs Brattmiller said Tuesday We tried to go to our tornado cellar but just before we got there the door was torn off and we had to run back in the house We stayed in the house which shook quite a Mrs Brattmiller who referred to the storm as a said a strong wind lasted about 15 min utes and was accompanied by a heavy rain The Brattmillers have five small children At the John Rehm farm on the other side of Silver Lake a large barn was wrecked and several small buildings damaged Trees were also struck by the tornado In Calhoun county the wind de stroyed a barn on the Frank Nutz farm Three head of cattle were crushed beneath falling timbers In Webster county the wind lev eled barns and caused other dam age on five farms near Gowrie and blew down a pole carrying a high line maintained by the Fort Dodge Des and Southern railroad near Harcourt The high line came in contact with telephone wires and caused a short circuit that resulted in the destruction by fire of one home near Harcourt and fires in several farm telephones in the district The Harry Urelius family awak ened bv the crackling flames as their farm home burned escaped through an upstairs window A hail storm was reported at Cal lender Fair Weather Forecast In southern Iowa the dust set tled as the wind died out and the forecast promised fair weather Tuesday night and Wednesday The southern Iowa dirt was picked up in the dust the weatherman said by the strong winds accompanying a low pressure area which moved in from the southwest And while theres plenty of moisture to hold the soil in place in this section of the country Iowa can look forward to dust storms whenever the wind sweeps in from the southwest or until sufficient rain falls in the dust bowl to hold the soil in Adair Red Oak Sidney Onawa and Shenandoah all in south and Iowa reported dust laid in a film over the territory At Des Moines visibility was reduced to a half mile at the municipal airport Onawa reported a flock of geese flew in circles over the towns lights until the storm let up 28 at Charles City The dust followed a balmy day in Iowa which recorded a top tempera ture of 78 at Keokuk The low early Tuesday was 28 at Charles City It was cloudy Tuesday at all weather bureau stations except Dav enport but the weatherman said the clouds would clear away later in the day Temperatures early Wed nesday he said would get down to 25 in North Iowa but would hold to freezing or above in the south Sioux City Council Bluffs Dea Moinea and Charles City reported traces of rain during the last 24 hours Keokuk measured 56 of an inch Davenport 34 and Dubuque 02 Continue Stopping Trucks Upper are two Iowa state highway patrolmen signal ingan approaching Minnesota Iruck to halt soon after it had crossed the state line into Iowa on highway 65 north of Northwood Lower the Minnesota trucks are stopped the drivers are ordered by Iowa highway patrolmen to buy Iowa licenses if they aro to continue trips In this state IDPAIowa News Flashes Photos Shipping Magnate Dies LIVERPOOL Frederick Bowring Canadian born shipping magnate died today at the age of 79 JURY SELECTION NEARING FINISH Choice of 12 to Try Morton for PoisonMurder of Wife Assured BEDFORD of a jury to try Floyd Horton 38 for the poisonmurder of his wife was vir tually assured Tuesday afternoon before court recesses At the end of the morning ses sion 30 prospective jurors had been questioned by state and de fense attorneys and 16 had been struck leaving 14 still eligible to serve Special Prosecutor James R Locke and James Lucas of Hortons counsel both said they thought they would conclude selection of the jury easily Tuesday afternoon Would Approve Death Locke indicated his satisfaction with the jurors so far drawn by waiving the states second peremp tory challenge All but three of the talesmen questioned have said they would approve the death penalty for Horton if they decide he is guilty of poisoning his wife Mrs M Z Hendren is the only talesman who has admitted an out andout prejudice against capital punishment She is the wife of a school teacher Two others how ever declared they were uncertain as to what they believed concerning the death sentence Shows Greater Interest Horton Tuesday showed greater interest in selection of the jurors who will decide his fate eyeing them closely as they were ques tioned by attorneys Monday he sat with his hands over his eyes or with his eyes on the floor most of the time Judge Fuller indicated he believed taking of evidence would start Wednesday by dispatching Sheriff Tom Lacy to Rockwell City wo mens reformatory to return Mrs Anna Johnston 38 Hortons ad mitted paramour to Bedford Woman Hit by Truck Dies of Her Injuries DAVENPORT UPhMrs Mag dalena Kaffenberger 64 died Mon day night of injuries inflicted late Monday when she was struck by a coal truck driven by Fred Chatter ton at a street intersection Truck Taxes Compromise Not Reached A half dozen highway patrolmen were still holding the front in the IowaMinnesota border patrol Tues day as instructions were being awaited from Des Moines where representatives of the two states failed to arrive at a reciprocity agreement after a conference Mon day night Between and in li cense fees from Minnesota trucks is estimated to have been collected by the border patrol the past week All Minnesota trucks coming into Iowa with exception of farmers and others handling their own produce were stopped by the patrolmen and ordered to obtain an Iowa license Wait for Developments The main part of the patrol which had been on duty day and night all through last week disband ed over the weekend to await de velopments of the Des Moines con ference Terming the whole truck law sit uation a mess Lew Wallace super intendent of the Iowa motor vehicle department at Des Moines ex pressed good will toward the Minne sota representatives but declared the Minnesota law just wont allow Under Iowa statutes out of state trucks are not required to register when Iowa trucks are accorded the same treatment in such states Tax or License Minnesota has been forcing Iowa truckers to purchase state licenses and ag a counter action Iowa patrol men have been compelling the same terms upon Minnesota truckers Minnesota law requires that out of state trucks either pay a ton mile tax or purchase licenses In most cases purchase of licenses is cheap er Iowa has negotiated reciprocal agreements with Illinois Wisconsin Missouri and Nebraska About Iowa and Minnesota trucks are involved in the present dispute U SENATE PASSES BILL PROVIDING SHELTER BELT Farm Appropriation Act Sent to Conference With House WASHINGTON senate Tuesday passed the agriculture appropriation bill car rying for continuing the big midwest shelter belt and sent it to conference with the house The senate added approximately to the bill over the amount voted by the house The increases were largely made up by an appropriation of for the forest service to acquire new timber lands and a like amount for the soil erosion service to study methods of flood and erosion con trol and to develop nursery stock for water sheds Seek Lobbying Curb Moves to curb lobbying and to prepare the public works adminis tration for flood rehabilitation work stood out in the capital Legislation to require registration of lobbyists was given right of way to the house floor Secretary Ickes let congress know he would cheerfully adminis ter any flood control funds made available He ordered public works directors in 20 states to report damagft by recent high waters to PWA projects and ia other fields which would seem appropriate for PWA participation Railroad Rates Up Railroad rate legislation was first up in the house but in conference and committee flood control pro posals and many other subjects re ceived attention Maj Gen T Q Ashburn chair man of the war departments in land waterways corporation told a senate subcommittee that building up inland waterways helps the whole He was testifying on the Norris bill to create an other TVA for the Mississippi river valley Senator Borah and Dr Malcolm McNair Harvard business professor expressed varying views on the bill by Borah and Senator Van Nuys to prohibit undue discrimination in prices be tween large dealers and small deal ers Borah warned against mon opoly McNair said some big bus inesses aid consumers by cutting distribution costs A T and T Monopoly At the communications commis sions investigation of the Ameri can Telephone and Telegraph com pany John Bickley commission ac countant said A T and T consti tuted a telephone monopoly The house ways and means sub committee decided to include pro cessing taxes on agricultural and competing products in a report to the full committee Chairman Sam uel B Hill declined to say processingtaxes would be rec ommended explaining they would be included merely for considera tion during the hearings Demands for investigations of the of the work relief fund were approaching a head in the senate Three separate in quiry proposals were pending and democratic leaders indicated there would be no attempt to block them Meantime a house committee pre pared to consider President Roose velts request for a new 000 relief appropriation Buy Road Bonds OSKAILOOSA a premium and one and a half percent interest the White Phillips company of Davenport purchased a block of Mahaska county primary road refunding bonds Kentucky Feudist Hanged for Slaying U S Agent Barrett Credited With Killing at Least Six Persons in Life INDIANAPOLIS W Barret gray haired former Ken tucky feudist who was credited with killing at least six persons during his 55 strife ridden years was hanged by the federal government Tuesday two minutes after mid night for the murder of a federal agent The execution was carried out in a tented scaffold room in the Marion county jail yard under the direction of Phil Hanna portly Epworth farmer who had officiated at 68 other executions and calls himself the humane Arthur Reeves diminutive deputy sheriff was the volunteer executioner He pulled the trap at Ten min utes later Barrett was pronounced dead GEORGE W BARRETT LOWER OHIO VALLEY APPEARS ONLY REAL FLOOD DANGER ZONE FLOODS AT A GLANCE By the Associated Press The lower Ohio river valley ap peared to be the only flood danger zone Tuesday High waters receded elsewhere after causing 177 deaths and hundreds of millions of dollars property damage The situations by regions follow OHIO flood crest rushed upon Cincinnati Ohio with Louisville the next large city in its path Up river communities cleaned up debris Portsmouth Ohio protected by a huge wall es caped damage Some refugees still unable to return to island homes at Wheeling W Va NEW ENGLAND Stringent safety measures to prevent lawless ness and spread of disease in effect at Hartford and other com munities Large sums sought from federal government for rebuilding of pes tilence subsides Agriculturists say washing of topsoil will seriously affect farming in some areas Johns town still caring for homeless Life in Pittsburgh nears normal NEW YORK STATE Oswego river still rising near Syracuse flooding buildings at Fulton FORECAST IOWA Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday colder Tuesday night warmer in central and west por tions Wednesday MINNESOTA Cloudy snow in north colder Tuesday night Wednesday fair somewhat warm er in southwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday Tl Minimum in Night S3 At 8 a m Tuesday 34 For the first time this year the temperature Monday climbed into the summer heat zone But during the night to the accompaniment of a brisk dustladen southwest wind there was a precipitous decline of the mercury to one degree above freezing ON THE INSIDE SMITH BROOKHART Brookhart Says Borah Only Hope of G 0 P ON PAGE 10 2 Armstrong Tickets Now Out of Running ON PAGE 8 Rubber Boundaries Stop Basket Teams ON PAGE 9 Davenport Favored for Final Contests ON PAGE 9 McNider Estate Case Argued by Attorneys ON PAGE 5 Plans for Improved Building Show Made ON PAGE 12 LUCAS TEACHER LOSES LICENSE Miss Samuelson Orders Pay at Pupilless School Stopped at Once DES MOINES Agnes Samuelson state superintendent of public instruction Tuesday upheld revocation of the license of the teacher of a Lucas county rural pupilless school The education department bead returned a five page opinion in the case of Sarah Gookin whose 12 pu pils withdrew from the Bethel school last December when their parents declared her incompetent to teach Miss Gookin daughter of the school boards president had contin ued to teach without pupils and carried an appeal from the deci sion of Helen Pfrimmer county school superintendent to Miss Sam uelson Miss Gookins salary checks meanwhile have been signed by her father F B Gookin Miss Samuel son said her pay stops as of Three Story Questions Miss Gookin asked her pupils in examinations were among the factors involved in consideration of the case One of define three story agricul turists as well as educators on a still hunt for an answer One educator found it had no re lation to the stories a farmer might tell aoout the size of his crops Miss Gookin defined it as having fruit on trees then com on stalks and then something lower like toma Miss Samueison said her perusal of the examination papers offered as exhibits of Miss Gookins in competency and in the light of her own attempted explanation of her grading revealed a standard of work very inferior to that which may reasonably be expected from a competent School Work Difficult Letters from JVIiss Gookins for mer teachers Miss Samuelson add ed bring1 out the fact that school work was difficult for The opinion stated that Miss Gookins grade in the examination for a certificate was 82 per cent She received her high school normal training certificate in November 1923 the opinion stated and was unemployed as a teacher until she obtained a contract in her home district in 193536 Miss Samuelson said she had found no evidence that the county superintendent was prejudiced in deciding Miss Gookins case Miss Gookin had contended through her attorney that she was the victim of a conspiracy instigat ed by the wife of a school board candidate whom Mr Gookin defeat ed in the last election Iowa WPA Wage Rate in December U S Average WASHINGTON work progress administration announced Tuesday that during December its monthly wage rate for Iowa aver aged against a national av erage of The rate in Minnesota was and in Nebraska The highest rate in the northeast sec tion of the country was while in the south it was LEAGUE COUNCIL VOTES TO CLOSE LONDON SESSION Locarno Signatories to Keep on Negotiating With Germany CopjrWtt 1936 by The Associated Press league of nations council without waitingto hear di rectly from Reichsfuehrer Hitler voted Tuesday to adjourn without taking further action on Germanys violation of the Locarno treaty The council members decided they would reassemble at Geneva when ever their president Stanley M Bruce of Australia called them to meet In the meantime Great Britain France Belgium and co signatories and guarantors of the Locarno to continue nego tiations with Germany The council made its quick deci sion while Joachim von Ribbentrop Hitlers special ambassador wag traveling by airplane from Berlin with his chiefs eagerly awaited re ply Arrives Too Late His airplane landed at Croydon airfield at p a few minutes after the council session had ad journed and most of the delegates had left St James palace The council explained its adjourn ment bystating It was believed action by the council should mo mentarily be suspended because of existing It invited the Locarno treaty powers to keep the council infonned of the develop ments of these An authoritative source said France was disappointed by Great Britains attitude toward Germany and consequently sought adjourn ment of the league body French Disappointed The council was called into ses sion here to consider Germanys vio lation of the Locarno treaty through remilitarizing the Rhine and and now awaits Reichsfuehrer Hitlers answer to proposals for smoothing out the critical situation resulting It was stated that he French are disappoined because Great Britain considers the proposals exactly that and not an ultimatum as the French prefer The feasibility of proposing that the council adjourn was discussed privately Tuesday by Joseph Paul Boncour the French minister with portfolio with Maxim Litvinoff for eign commissar of Russia and Nicholas Titulescu foreign minister of Rumania Other Complications Two other factors complicated the situation in addition to the lack of official word from Hitler at the time the council met privately First Premier Mussolini had not yet replied with either a ratifica tion or a rejection of the plan for settling the Rhineland situation Second word from Paris said j France had flatly refused to consid er any counterproposals by Hitler STOCK MARKETS CRASH IN MILAN AND ROME ROME stock markets in Milan and Rome crashed Tues day following Premier Mussolinis abolition of large private industries in Italy Losses in major stocks ranged from 7 to 40 points in the heavy selling by traders The stock of Fiat manufacturing automobiles and war materials dropped from to Bonds Fairly Steady Pirelli the Italian rubber com pany dropped from 1141 to 1115 Terni Steel works dropped from 233 to 221 Cantoni cotton fell from 2140 to 2100 SniaViscosa Cellulose fell from to 368 Montecatinl Chemicals fell from 197 to 186 Government bonds were steady but they eased off fractionally Premier Mussolinis decrees of quote one authoritative the fascist state anew to the echoes of applause by members of the dictators black shirt party Express Their Approval Fascists accepted Mondays news on the suppression of the chamber of deputies giving way to a cham ber of fascists and and the abolition of big private bus iness organizations with their cus tomary expressions of approval H Popolo di Roma said of U Duces announcement bringing to fruition the corporative state he an nounced in 1933 that those who heard him could not escape the impression of Hearing from his mouth decrees of destiny Postwaiiter WASHINGTON tive EdwardC Eicber Washington Iowa democrat recommended ap pointment of Bernice Green as Win Iowa postmaster ;