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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 23, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME V DEPARTMENT or HISTOFty AND DE3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Prtsj and United Press Full Leased Wirn fcive Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 23 1944 This Paper Consists o Two Section NO RED ADVANCES BOOST THREAT TO RUMANIANS Berlin Reports New Russian Drive Around Tarnopol Proskurov London o the red army have driven to within 25 miles of the Prut river border of Rumania below the fallen Ger man bastion of Mogilev Fodolslu Moscow dispatches indicated Thursday and Berlin reported the opening of a new soviet of fensive from the TarnopolPro skurov sector apparently aimed at trapping large nazi forces in the Vinnitsa area An increased threat to Rumania developed as Marshal Ivan S Ko nevs second Ukrainian urm widened its Dniester river bridge head below Mogilev Podolski in a smashing drive which the Rus sians said carried the town of Na dushitu IS miles north of the important rait junction of Byells and 20 miles west of the Dniester river Other soviet forces meanwhile Moscow announced capturec Yarishev and KurilovtskyMuro vanuy respectively 10 and 2t miles northwest of Mogilev Po dolski while Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first Ukrainian arm continued its slow but steadj push southwest of Krcmenets to ward the large industrial cente of Lwow More than 1000 Germans wer killed many prisoners and muel booty captured in a single batll in this area a soviet bulletin as serted On the southeastern end of th 500 mile long Ukrainian Iron Gen Rodio Y Vlalinovskys force staggered the German line by cap turing the important fortified rail way junction of Pervomaisk driving to the approaches of Vos nesensk 85 miles northeast Odessa and reaching a point miles from Nikoleax on the Bu rived estuary Moscow anuouncec Hundreds of German soldier said to have drowned in th swirling waters of the Bug rive as they fled Pervomaisk whe Malinovskys troops stormed th citys defenses after a Z day battl Pervomaisk and TVosnesensk miles to the south had been block ing the Russian advance on N kolaev ami Odessa Fall of Vos nesensk which appeared immi nent would clear the path to botli Black sea ports Pushing on from Pervomaisk the Russians crossed the river to storm the town of Ivanovka 10 miles to the southeast and swept down the Bug to take Alexan drovka 9 miles north of Vosne sensk Moscow said Scores of other towns and hamlets were re ported liberated by Malinovskys army including Balanbanovka 8 miles from Nikolaev Moscow often silent when an important soviet movement is in progress made no mention of the Germanreported drive from the Tarnopol sector but Berlin de scribed it as a great flanking at tack in support of the Russian forces operating further south The nazi announcement said Ger man forces were falling back un der strong pressure by infantry and tanks BIG CITY CROWD ROUNDS UI women in auto left top were in jured when car and cattle truck collided on Chicagos south side spilling out hogs and cat tle A curious crowd which gathered below to view the wreck later pitched in to help round up the animals which began roaming the citys streets Elton Kirkpatrick 29 of Say brook III driver of the truck escaped injury Report Nazis Ready to Grab Rumanian Chiefs MURDER TRIAL IS NEAR JURY Youth Charged With Slaying at Humboldt H u m b o 1 d t murder case Dorn Machovec 15 charged in connection with the shooting of his stepfatherPau Voss 41 of Renwick was ex pected to go to the jury late Thursday or early Friday Tire first witness for the defense Wednesday after the state had vested was the youths father John Mnchovec Mindcn farm worker The elder Machovec test ified his son told him he had had trouble with his stepfather Earlier in the dny Mrs Voss the youths mother had testified on cross examination that the boy and his stepfather often quar reled Mrs Voss appeared on the stand as a witness for the slate WOULD CHANGE RULE BUT LITTLE Hitler Tries to Boost Balkans Against Reds London a n e u v e r i n g swiftly to caulk his Balkan dike against the Russian Hood Hitler appeared Thursday to be about o kidnap the Rumanian govern ment as he already has abducted that of Hungary There were widespread reports hat Premier Ion Antoncscu of Rumania has been summoned to Hitlers presence as Admiral Nicholas Horthy regent of Hun gary had gone before him There was speculation that An Lonescu was likely to be kicked out because of German suspicions that he was involved in peace overtures toward the soviet The British radio at once began broadcasting this warning to the Rumanians Rumanian leaders have been called to Hitlers headquarters If you oppose Germany Germany will wreak vengeance on you but if you oppose the allies an even graver fate is in store German transport is exposed and runs through Rumania Concerted evi dence of the desire to help the allies now would be the first step toward Rumanias survival Germanys occupation of Ru mania would be largely academic except as a measure for complete political control for the country already is little more than a Ger man camp area A German foreign office spokesman according to a Berlin broadcast emphatically denied that Horlhy was being held pris uier that Premier Nicholas Kal ay had escaped to southern Hun gary ancl had sent out an appeal or help from abroad and that Jugoslav Marshal Tito had cstab ished contact with Hungarian orces In the first official nazi an nouncement since German armed forces crossed Hungarys borders early Monday the Berlin radio said Wednesday a govern nent had been formed in Buda pest under a Quisling premier and a German gauleiter The fate of Hungary was an example for countries failing to Tall in line as Hitler strove to build up an eastern wall of de fense against the fast moving Russians Dispatches from neutral cap itals continued to refer to Bul garia and Rumania as possibly next on Hitlers list for full mili tary occupation and added an created from the carvedup slate of Czccho Slo vakia A daily mail dispatch from Madrid said German airborne troops were seizing Bulgarias rail ways and communications systems and had detained the soviet am bassador and occupied the embas sy in Sofia Bulgaria and Russia have remained at peace although on opposite sides in the world con flict Most informed quarters in Lon don viewed Rumania as too weak to be other than docile particu larly since the advancing Russians arc knocking against her Prut riv er border London dispatches from Ankara quoted rumors there that Hitler had promised Premier Ion Anloiiescu immediate return of Transylvania from Hungary as one inducement for full collabora tion A Vichy broadcast heard by the Associated Press said Antonescu had gone to Hitlers headquarters for discussions A DNB propaganda broadcast discussing the occupation of Hun gary declared that Germanys allies are entitled to farsighted and careful planning in situations asthey may arise in connection with the bolshevist menace This broadcast said the steps taken in Hungary arc meant to help the concentrating of all forces ancl means available in Europe on thu task of meeting the common danger and of pic venting the possibility of soviet statement that suggested Hitler now would try to throw Hungarys troops esti mated at 300000 against the bulging Russian lines The German controlled Buda pest radio told the Hungarian people that Regent Nicholas Horthy widely reported a prisoner when the Germans moved into his homeland had sworn in the new jiroiiazi cabinet late Wednesday Doeme Sztojay a former Hun garian army officer who has been Hungarian minister to Berlin was named premier In the new puppet government DNB an nounced that Hitler had appointed Dr Edmund Vcehsemnayer as minister and trustee of the greater German reich in Hun job previously designed to keep the quislings in line From Stockholm came the first outspoken opposition to Sztojay as Antal Ullciii Reviczky Hungarian minister to Sweden refused to acknowledge the new regime call ing it a quisling government without legal basis Allies Throw Back Attacks Near Gassino Allied Headquarters Naples ili army forces doggedly flung back German attacks Wednesday on their Cassino posi tions while in the air war allied bombers struck sharply at enemy supply lines in northern Italy al lied headquarters announced Thursday In the southern section of the town of Cassino New Zealanders still were engaging the enemy at close quarters Allied artillery knocked out a German tank cm placed in one wrecked raising to 5 the total destroyed in the week of fighting for posses sion of the town Westward along Hie lower slopes of Monastery Hill allied forces kept up heir attacks along a northsouth axis The Germans counterattacked against Hill a key height just northwest of Ihe town early Wednesday but were thrown back leaving 30 prisoners in allied hands The Germans also lunged for ward in 2 strong attacks in a new Monte Castellone miles northwest of Cassino but French troops broke up and re pulsed their formations with ar tillery fire Rail lines in northern Italy were hit heavily Wednesday ancl Wednesday night both heavy and lighter bombers participating American flying fortresses and liberators hit Verona and Bologna on the route south from the Bren ner Pass as well as Rimini im portant junction point on Ihe Adriatic midway between Venice and Ancona Padua west of Ven ice was attacked by nightflying RAF liberators and Wellingtons Medium and light bombers also joined in the railway allacks with blows against bridges al Poggi bonsi and Arezzo south of Flor ence and Popoli in front of the 8th army line German planes swept low over the Cassino area shooting up al lied positions German artillery tried repeat edly to knock out bridges across the Rapido below the town but all their attempts failed Nazi aircraft attacked allied shipping off the Anzio beachhead but it was announced that they caused no damage On the beach head German artillery pumped a heavy concentration into allied lines near the village of Padigli one Seven enemy aircraft were de stroyed during the day 5 of them falling to spitfires in sweeps over the Anzio and Cassino sectors The loss of 4 allied planes was announced Fighterbombers attacked ship ping off the Dalmatian coasfand also swept into Greece shootin up vehicles ancl trains 5 Targets Including Bases of Luftwaffe Hit by Yanks jurors Were Unable to Spell Penitentiary Oklahoma City district court jury agreed on the prison ers punishment and returned to the courtroom with the verdict but neglected to specify where sentence would be served You see judge explained the jury fore man no one on the jury knew how to spell penitentiary and that is the reason we left it off WEIGHED 15 POUNDS Raleigh N Car baby girl born to a Negro couple Mr and airs Amon Harris which was reported to have weighed 25 pounds actually weighed only 15 pounds The attending physician said a rcchcck disclosed the scales were out o adjustment The child died 12 hours after birth BESSARABIA TV RUMANIA YUGOSLAVIA Skoplie Salonika Leaves Sign on Door for WouldBe Burglars Chicago owner of a loop tobacco store who closed his shop when he went to a hospital for a checkup left a sign on the for wouldbe bur glars It read Burglars attention Money ancl valuables removed In hospital Brck in a week I hope Mother 2 Children Die in Iowa Fire Newton Car M Pitts a n d her 2 small children died Thursday in a fire which destroyed their small 3 room home at the west edge of Newton Coroner Ralph V Toland said the fire probably was caused by an overheated stove The bodies were found in bed and Toland expressed the opinion that the victims died of suffocation Pitts a night shift war factory worker returned home Thursday morning to find the house de stroyed and the 3 other members of his family dead CLASHES ALONG BURMAS FRONT MORE FURIOUS Auchinleck Declares Border Crossing by Japs Not By KICIIAKD f Associated Tress War Kditor Allied troops have converged on Japanese forces which drove across the Indian border from Burma and Thursdays allied communique reported a growing ferocity in the clashes all along the Burma front The communique did not give the details but Gen Sir Claude 7 E Auchinleck Indian com maiHleriuchiof said the border crossing isnt least not yet No real threat can materialize unless and until tlie Japanese manage to penetrate to points where they can attack our rail and river communications or our airfields in Assam he said Instead the Japanese drive ap parently aimed at Imphal an im portant supply base 30 miles dis tant is an effort to divert allied forces and relieve strong allied pressure against their lines on the Arakan front Headquarters said enemy ac tivity was particularly noticeable on the Arakan front where allied bombers and fighters are supporting a ground drive headed toward the coastal base of Akyab Monsoon weather lies scarcely more than a month ahead and the Japanese apparently are intent on capturing Imphal southern term inus on the allweather road which joins the Assam supply route lo China before the jungle fighting goes into its monsoor stalemate Fall of Imphal jeopardize all allied positions the northern Burma front 3 MORE JAV SHIPS SUNK IN BISMARCK SEA In the southwest Pacific the Bismarck sea rapidly becoming a graveyard for Japanese shippin claimed 3 more enemy ships Al lied headquarters Thursday listet one destroyer and 2 small cargc ships sunk off tiie New Guinc coast near Allapc Wcwak main Japanese base 01 New Guinea and probable tlcsti nation of the 3 ships was poundei by allied bombers for the 9th tinv in 10 days this time with 10 tons of explosives that left hug fires Marines who landed in the Si Matthias islands Monday hav completed their cleanup of Kmi ran and Elomusao islands over coming licht resistance Rabaul New Britain now com pletely cut off from its Toky supply lines by the St MnHnki operations rocked under a K3to bombing Monday Australian ground forces pushc through the New Guinea jungle to a juncture with America forces and sent patrols within miles of Eogadjim defensive on post for the onetime potent ping Hull Hopes Finns Still Seek Peace Washington Ameri can Finnish relations dangling precariously on a thin thread of hope Secretary of State Hull de clared Thursday that as far as he knew negotiations between Russia and Finland over armistice terms have not been terminated This meant that up to the time Hull spoke at his midday press conference the KussoFinnish fnrts lo get Finland out of the war1 had not deteriorated to he point where the United States will be compelled to decide whether to break relations with Finland Mull said in response to a ques tion that the American govern ment is still hoping that the Fin nish government may finally work away from Germany lie then was asked a direct question whether negotiations on peace terms had ended and lie replied that he could not say that they had been term inated The possibility of a break be vcen the Washington and Hel nki governments was obvious The only thing believed capable r preventing final diplomatic ipture would be some official ortl that peace negotiations be vecn the Finns and Russia have of collapsed completely Hope that such word would be orthcoming was very slight in iformed quarters here Nonethe ess there was some reluctance to bandon all hope The Finnish government was lutificd several days ago that the United Stales was reconsidering ts relations with Finland A break vas not openly threatened at that me but it was clearly implied ince it is about the only diplo matic measure left lo Washington Woman Not Afraid of Mouse Gets Bitten Kansas City i s s Mary Beal saw a white mouse on a downtown sidewalk nnd walked Churchill Will Broadcast Sunday London ITPj Prime Minister Churchill will address the nation first broadcast since his winter a rising clamor on both sides of the At lantic for clarification of the al lied war aims The speech scheduled for 8 p m 3 p m is awaited here as a possible key to the position which Britain may lake on he multiple problems expected lo come up for discussion at the forthcoming conferences in Lonj don between U S Undcrsccre tary of State Edward R Stcltiniuf Jr and the British foreign office right up to it on the finger The mouse bit her POSSIBLE GERMAN MOVES IN by the Russian drive into Bessarabia from the northeast German forces having occupied Hungary were reported planning to extend full military occupation broken ar rows to Rumania and Bulgaria in order to bolster their Balkan defenses Rumania is allied with Germany in the war with Russia but Bulgaria is not i Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Thursday night and Friday All temperatures above freezing Iowa Fair Thursday night and Friday colder extreme east Thursday night Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy Thursday night and Friday Little change in temperatvire Thursday night Colder north west Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday i8 Minimum Wcdntvdav ni4ht 17 At 8 a m Thursday 28 i YEAR AGO I Maximum Minimum 26 and supply base of Madang I On excellent authority it can be said that the American policy oward Finland is based on the following principles The United States has main lined relations with ne Finn despite the fact that they are at ics of Germany and enemies of Britain and Russia because Amer can leaders thought that by so doing they would have more hance of getting Finland to quit the war When the point is rcachcci where President Roosevelt and Secretary Hull decide this chance no longer exists there will be no further reason for maintainin relations One official said Thurs day that this point must now be considered almost at hand The Finnish governments re luutauce to make peace as it is understood here is based more 01 fear of Russian future policy thai on any specific item in the tern offered by Moscow There is u conviction here tha if the Finns could receive some unquestionable assurance that tin Russians would not seek any dom i nation over Finland in the future or attempt to interfere in Fin lands internal affairs Helsink would accept the Russian term immediately But this is consid erod to be like asking for a mira elf since it is impossible for th Russians lo do more than the assurances they have givci that the terms offered represent i liberators adopted a German Garrison on Island Off Dalmatia Destroyed by Allies London URJ Marshall losip Tito Brozovichs headquarters announced Thursday that allied units supported by airplanes de stroyed a German garrison on Sholta island opposite Split on the Jugoslav Dalmatian coast The communique said 100 Ger man soldiers ancl 2 officers were captured in action The allied units were not further identified al though it was presumed they were British and Americans Other partisan units reoccupied V VVr IhcJr full demands In The cHcu instances I lie Finns apparently are gambling on Kvis sian exhaustion in the war Germany to such on extent Uiat she would not wml to fight Kin land lo a finish 27 BOMBERS 6 FIGHTERS LOST IN U S ATTACK 20 German Fighter Craft Shot Down in Battles Over Europe London Targels in 5 areas of Germany were bombed in widespread operations Thursday by strong forces of flying fort resses and liberators striking hard in the wake of a 33GO ton bath of fire and explosives heaped upon the city of Frankfurt Wednesday night by the Twentyseven bombers and fi fighters were missing from Thurs days operations involving prob ably 500 heavy bombers and near ly 1000 fighting planes The United States force which failed Wednesday to draw the German air force into battle by an attack on Berlin struck Thursday at the nazis home air bases among other targets A United Stales strategic air force headquarters communique indicated that the strategy worked in part with some bomber for mations encountering sharp oppo tion but with others meeting Iniost no enemy fighters Twenty enemy fighters were hot down by U S fighters In the ouree of the thrust into Europe i which Germanys biggest rail oad yards at Hamm a Gorman force station at Achmcr in Oldenburg a bomber base at llan orf a war factory at Muenslei nd industrial targets at the mes erschmitt production center of Brunswick were bombed The communique said all the argots except Brunswick were hit n good visual bombing weather Brunswick was bombed by instru nent It was the 13ih operation thi nonth againsl Germany by the American air force The German air force which battle when 600 or more ortresses and liberators blasted Berlin in daylight Wednesday ap parently rose to the bait of the bold attack Thursday for the Ger man radio said violent air com bats were fought with the extra ordinary large number of lighters which accompanied the bombers The U S headquarters an nouncement saitl the thunderbolts mustangs and lightnings doing es cort duty were in very great strength Fires still burned in Berlin front Wednesdays attack und Stock holm dispatches said telephone communication with the nazi cap ital was still cut 21 hours after the attack Mosquito bombers mnking a foray over Berlin Wednesday night said the fires were visible 200 miles away While the heavies were ranging over Germany in one of their most farflung operations yet American medium marauders bombed the Crcil railroad center in France Ihc 3rd time in a week and 2 airfields In opposing Hie fortresses and the German fighters new tactic the firt i c lAPS IN head quarters announced that Japa nese forces had crossed the Chindwin river at several places and were moving westward in India Points of crossing of the IndiaBurma border were not disclosed The British repulsed a lap attack north of Akyah and allied forces continued their drive toward Myilkyina on the northern front Mystery Allied Column Landed Astride Jap Line New Delhi mystery col umn of allied ground Iroops has j landed squarely astride the main MandalayMyilkyina railway in northern Burma it was revealed Thursday severing Ihc lifeline of communications for thousands of lancncsc in Ihc north and imperil iiiR Ihc rear of other enemy forces moving across the Indian frontier on Imphal The surprise blow apparently was launched by a hand of airj borne Indian infantrymen who were landed deep inside the Japa nese lines by American transport planes and gliders late last week The allied communique did not turning mustang pilots reported and concentrated their parses on a small part of the attacking for mations As a result other mustang pi lots said We went almost lo Russia without being able to find anyone to fight Other tactics of the Germans included adoption of the tight fortresslike formation but that did not prevent their suffering heavy casualties Thirty or 10 German fighters slacked deep and 6 across jumped us from out of n they were in perfect formation said SKI George Waters Los An i ball turret gunner on the fortress Dinah Might1 The enemy formation closed in on one fortress and scored lethal hits recounted trie crew of Dinah Might piloted by lt Clyde T Boy Jr if Fort Mills S Car at the same moment Waters and Sat KalMii Hatton tiil gunner of Mis soula Mont let fly with their 50 calibers Each hit a FockeWulf The one I hit slid in by our Man 44 Didnt Know World War I Had Ended identify the units but revealed tail just 0 5ards mc iMnot in to said Two Jerries and the that they were on the attack the area of Indaw and Mawlu 2 key junction points on the main railway line i A 11 year old Willkie Brands Smith Claim as Falsehood Manitowoc fP It is an absolute falsehood Wendell L Willkie declared when aked to the heavily fortified localities of Krulo n ml Orjuluka in Monte negro One of the heaviest battles j Troy X Y of the Jugoslav campaign was rei man told hc KBI he never hud director of America First that a ported along Lim river in Monte heard of selective service In fact representative of Willkie candi comment on a statement by Ger ald lj K Smith organizer anc ncgro where fighting has con tinned uninterrupted for 5 days with the Germans suffering heavy losses he said he didnt know World war had ended His home is atop Berlin mountain in a rugged section of Renssclacr county the first j dale for republican pi evi nomination had promised Smith anything you want in return for his support B17 blew up at the same time and there were pieces falling all over the place I The new American attack the sixth deep in Germany in 9 days followed a bath of fire and block busters dumped by the RAK on the German chemical and indus trial metropolis of Frankfurt which was thus pushed into the list of most bombed German cities along with Berlin and Hamburg Eleven nazi and five bombers were seen falling alter Ihc furious battle in which i Dinah Might was involved Allosclhcr the KVF announced j ol aircraft were missins in the j nisht operations This was II more than in the last 1000plane ;