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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHiORS VOL LIV Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Looking Back Over 5 Years on the Air WITH this broadcast I am be ginning my 6th year on the air The serial number of this commentary is 257 In these quar terhour weekly visits Ive spo ken approximately a half mil lion equivalent of some 500 columns of newspaper type Stated another way the words which bave ffone into these 356 broadcasts would be adequate as to number to make 5 or 6 novel length books But calm your fears have no intention of convert ing my manuscripts into books They havent been that good But I did think that it might be interesting to thumb back through these commentaries recall some of the varied subjects with which Ive dealt and for my own bene fit check on whether the fleet ing opinions Ive expressed have proved right or wrong in the light of subsequent developments MY topics have ranged from deepsea philosophical dis cussions on the heavy side to love life and working habits of the honeybee with a bit of attention to a lot of subjects lying in be tween those 2 extremes The one field to which I have given greatest attention has been safety in all of its aspects but with particular emphasis on traf fic safety Over and over until youre probably weary of it heard me express the crux of my philosophy on high way safety in these words When 9 out of 10 Americans want highway safety want it badly enough to pay the price for it our country will be on the way to having highway safety and almost overnight NEXT in line so far as frequency of treatment is concerned has been the South American subject For some 25 of these 256 com mentaries in the past 5 years Ive drawn on my notes and observa tions from a factfinding visit to Latin America back in 1941 just before ourentry into the war In these commentaries the point Ive stressed most is that while hii xvlili the the Rio Grande is vastly importan to the United States it isnt some thing that be purchased wit dollars alone Another conclusion oftrcpeatec is that there isnt today in all o Latin America a true republics yes but not democracies in our concept of the term No can there be so long as only out of 5 can read and write Proceeding from the recoffnitioi of this fact its rather logical to arrive at the conclusion that the one greatest need of Latin Amer ica is education for the masses and that our efforts should be pointed that way SCATTERED through the foot high pile of scripts before me as I prepare this little visit with you are numerous commentaries on worid affairs As n matter ol fact my first commentary given on March 21 1943 at the height of the war was titled Shall We Plan for Peace or War It was as youd guess a pica for an effective world organiza tion one in which our country and all other countries would delegate not surrender what ever measure of sovereignty might be needed to make it work In the course of this commen tary I confessed that I was a re formed isolationist I pointed out that I knew all the arguments for isolationism because I had used 1hem invented at least a 1ew of them MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 22 Prepare Defense by Arms See Jewish State in Holy Land Tel Aviv Palestine Jewish state to be defended by Jewish arms is expected to be proclaimed in Palestine Monday or Tuesday A reliable informant said a formal order proclaiming the existence of such a state will be made by Vaad Jewish national council No official has yet been made by the council itself David Ben Gurionchairman of the Jewish agency for Palestine said Saturday a Jewish state al ready has come into pared to defend itself In New York City Dr Abba Hillel Silver chairman of the American section of the agency said it was logical for Zionists to proclaim a state Such a proclamation by the national council would repudiate in advance any United Nations trusteeship defy Arab arms and be a step towards appeal for in ternational recognition Tel allJewish city in the the administra tive center of the new state In formants said it will be the capi tal at least through the provi sional phase Government of the state would be in the hands of a provisional committee of 32 already appointed under authority of the Jewish agency by Vaad Leumi See Jewish Answer as Blast Wrecks Arab Section of Haifa N beautiful theory isolationism was thing But in prac tice I pointed out it hadnt worked It hadnt kept us out of the world war which would have to be accepted as the ultimate test There are it seems to me I stated in this first commentary 5 years ago 3 or 4 directions in which America might proceed af ter victory in this war with cer tain guideposts in experience and history to mark the right road J We could do as we did af ter the last the rest of the world to stew in its own juice and go our own way I doubt however there are many who wish to repeat that tragic mis take 2 We could resurrect the league of nations and try to make it work I do not believe this will be or should be the course for America 3 We could study and profit from past mistakes and set up a world organization that WILL work an organization modeled to considerable extent after the United States of America L of this interests me in retrospect As everybody knows mean the nations of the this last ap proach in setting up the United Nations at San Francisco There was in this establishment of a world organization an honest attempt to do something good There was a studied endeavor to take into account and avoid the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Fear Many Casualties in Newest Violence in Holy Land Fighting Jerusalem J An explosion wrecked the thickly populated Iraq street in the center of the Arab section of Haifa Monday A overnment spokesman said there were very many casualties Police said a Jewish truck oaded with explosives penetrated he Arab section and was blown up Witnesses said buildings and louses were damaged for blocks around Many Arabs were believed buried in the wreckage Earlier a Haganah source said 20 Arabs and 4 Jews were killed Sunday night during an Arab at ack on the Jewish settlement of in southern Palestine First unconfirmed reports said 7 Arabs were known dead and 0 injured At least 8 houses were estroyed Arab mortars immediately start d bombarding the neighboring ewish business center A British onstable was killed and another njured Observers expressed belief the ttack was the Jewish answer o the truck bombing last month f busy Ben Yehuda street in the enter of Jerusalems Jewish busi ess district Arab volunteers and British roops were fighting fires which prang up in Haifa after the ex 1 IMuGt I There was no oiiicial confirma tion about the fighting in south ern Palestine All telephone wires were cut GIVE VIEWS IN PACKING STRIKE FactFinding Board Ends Hearing Wednesday Chicago big four of the meat packing industry and 40 independent companies give a presidential factfinding board their views Monday on a dispute nationwide CIO packing which resulted in strike by 100000 house workers The packers must present writ ten arguments on the case by 5 n m P The union already has told the board why it believes its members should receive n 29cent wage in crease The workers struck last Tuesday to enforce their demands In testimony before the board Ralph Helstein union president said average hourly straighttime earnings pf reported by the labor department for packinghouse workers were misleading The board is scheduled to close its hearings Wednesday It id un der orders to report back to Pres ident Truman by April 1 On the basis of the report President Tru man may ask government attor neys to seek an injunction sus pending the strike for 80 days Wanted 1 Mayor for Iowa Town Oxford Junction be mayor of Oxford deadline passed for umg nomination papers for the March 29 city election there were 10 candidates for mayor Frank Smmanek the incumbent de clined to run for reelection vants to Junction With the Senator Expects House to Yield oh Home Rule Rent Washington Tobey RN H said Monday he be lieves federal rent controls will die next week unless the house abandons its home rule provision But he coupled this statement with a prediction that senate and house conferees will reach an agreement Thus Tobey implied he expects the house to give way The home rule clause the maj or stumbling block to an agree ment on a new law would give local rent boards full and final power to raise ceilings or lift con trols entirely Tobey said the senate will not yield on its opposition to the home rule clause because it is clearly unconstitutional The present rent control law ex pires one week from Wednesday Tito Protests But Doesnt Reject Move Belgrade The Yugoslav government protested vigorously to the western powers Monday against the way they proposed the restoration of Trieste to but YigosSnvja did rot reject proposal itself Premier Marshal Titos grovern rn e n t complained the United States Britain and France had taken 110 note of the need of agreement on the part of the most directly affected allied goslavia It said the western powers ap proach will not strengthen the cause of peace in southern Europe A note delivered to ambassadors of the 3 countries said The Yugoslav government con siders that submitting such a pro posal at the time of the preelec toral campaign in Italy can serve only the fomenting of chauvinist hatreds toward the Yugoslav peo ple and on the other hand toward the sharpening oE internal politi cal relations in Italy The most important feature of the notes to the western states is that the Yugoslavs do not turn thumbs down on the plan to give Italy the 400squaremile free ter ritory of Trieste It is believed the note leaves an opening for any ac tion either positive or negative that Titos government decides upon Diplomats in Italy said they believed that Soviet Russia had planned to propose something similar on Trieste and that the western powers had beaten Mos cow to the punch This Paper of Two HOME EDITION imnr No PIT OPERATORS AGREE TO TALK OVER PENSIONS Accept Government Bid But Silent on Sitting at fable With Lewis Washington coal op erators accepted a government in vitation to discuss Monday the pension dispute which has closed their mines But the operators would not commit themselves in advance of the meeting to sit down in the same room with John Lewis United Mine Workers Charles ONeill spokesman for the operators said after they had met for 3 hours that their position would be made clear after they talk with Conciliation Director Cy rus Ching who invited both sides The operators policy empha sized in a statement Saturday ruled out any discussion of the dispute directly with Lewis so long as the mines are shut down has agreed to be repre sented at least at the Chine meet ing Ching has indicated he would prefer to bring about a joint con ference of the parties if possible That seemed unlikely after the operators lengthy meeting Mon day Court action to end the week long shutdown was promised by federal officials unless Lewis voluntarily ends the pension va cation or the Ching meeting makes progress toward a settle ment Neither of these possibilities was regarded as likely One staunch Lewis lieutenant said in the field The miners wont go back to work until theyre xintil this dispute is settled However some industry repre sentatives thought Lewis might suddenly call off the pension dem onstration Monday or next Mon day to avert a direct showdown under ihe TaftHartley labor act The legal club which officials ay the government has poised for use is provided by the TaftHart ey act It permits a court injunc ion after a factfinding1 board has reported the issues to President Truman That procedure however Father Saves Daughter Floating in Deep Well Atlanta frantic father found his 20monthold daughter floating in a deep well Sunday Tiny Patricia Ann Houze who had tumbled 30 feet remained afloat until her father could be lowered on a rope and snatch her to safety Patricia cheerful through it all was rushed to a hospital where she was dried off and dismissed Mother Mrs Genn Houze re nained a little longer while doc tors treated her for a case of lerves require at least 10 days 5ould lilt court giital an n junction and should Lewis refuse to comply he would face another contempt of court fine like that imposed by Justice T Alan Golds borough in the strike on Novem berDecember 1946 The supreme court finally fixed the fines on Lewis and the union at Goldsborough had proposed 510000 House Votes Million Stopgap Help to Europe See Senate Approval for Tax Cut Bill Washington h e republi cans income tax cutting bill headed for certain pas sage in the senate late Mondaj The balloting was due to start at 4 p m CST on all remaining amendments then on the bill it self GOP leaders predicted enough democrats would join them to roll up a twothirds majority for the measure Most democrats opposed to the bill agreed that would hap pen But some opponents insisted a twothirds margin could not be maintained against the veto the republicans say they expect It would have to both the senate and override President Trumans disapproval U S to Stay in Berlin Despite Soviet Boycott of Conferences tin den States has no intention whatever of gel rtr LYCiuS DClay said Monday despite a sud 1 ketween Russia and the western powers here ooycotted 7 scheduled 4power meetings here Mon administrative body in highest Germany Coming on top of the abrupt walkout by the Soviet delegation from the allied control council Saturday the boycott crippled 4 power rule of Germany and cast a cloud of uncertainty over the future status of the western rep resentations here Clay the American military governor told newsmen that de spite the Russian blows to 4pow cr operations the United Stales was staying in Berlin I dont know how many times it is necessary to repeat it he said I have said it before and I say it again We have no Inten tion of leaving Berlin The Russian boycott virtually paralyzed the 4power rule of Germany interrupted Saturday when Marshal Vassily Sokolovsky walked out of an allied control council meeting because western representatives refused to report on AngloAmericanFrench nego tiations on western Germany Newton Youth Dies of Accident Injuries Newton Mouchka 15 of Newton died at a hospital injuries received in a traffic acci dent on highway H near hece Sunday He was the son of Mrs Neola Mouchka Carl Durbala also 15 who the car with Mouchka was injured The car driven by young Mouchka overturned and roiiled down a 25foot embankment highway patrolmen said SAME Black fUf traffic death vast 34 Linda Darnell Adopts Orphan Hollywood Linda Darnell Monday adopted a 5 weekold orphan The baby Char lotte Mildred Marley was flown here from an eastern orphanage for adoption by the actress and her husband Cameraman Peve rell MarJey Ottumwa Set for Moderate Flood Damage DCS Moines prop erty damage was anticipated at Ot tumwa Monday night when a scheduled flood crest of 15V to 16 feet is expected to arrive Ot tumwas alltime high was 205 feet last June The higrh of the Des Moines river were risimr at Ed dyville Monday but that village did not expect any important dam age to result The predicted Ed dyville crest is 22 feet and resi dents said that the river normally does not cause trouble there un less it hits 24 feet Meanwhile the Cedar and Iowa rivers were causing floodings of lowlands in eastern Iowa The Cedar had flooded farm land west of Muscatine and the Iowa river left its banks at Oakville Sandbagging of levees is taking place at Wapello and Columbus Junction At Keokuk the Mississippi had risen to 182 feet Monday and a crest of 19 feet is expected Tues day The Keokuk Red Cross chap ter has been alerted in is needed in that vicinity Chair man Houston Taylor said Monday At Iowa City where the Iowa river had been falling since crest ing at 146 feet last Friday it rose again to 143 feet Sunday night but was easing off at midmorning Highway No 218 was closed again There was some water over No 6 near Coralville but it was open to traffic The state highway patrol said No 34 remained closed at Hastings and No 137 still is blocked at Eddyville At Ames the highway commis sion reported that several roads previously closed by high water now are open include Ivo 169 south of Adel No 60 at the southeast edge of Des Moines and No 2 east of Sidney Vacation Over for Minneapolis Pupils School Strike Ends Minneapolis UP Public schools were reopened to their 75000 students here Monday as union teachers accepted a com promise wage increase plan The AFL teachers who walked out of the classrooms 27 days ago voted in favor of a per month salary increase during the re mainder of the 1948 academic year The reopening eliminated the regular spring vacation which had been scheduled to start Monday Superintendent of Schools Willard E Gqslin said the teachers would be allowed to make up 9 of the days lost during the strike 4 of them this week and 5 more by ex tending the school year one week to June 18 The 1100 striking teachers had demanded that minimum wages be increased and that top salaries be boosted from to a year All teachers will receive the per month increase for the remaining 7A months of this school year In 1949 the minimum salary teachers will continue to receive per month over a 10month period while the top salary levels will retain only half of the in crease as part of the regular salary schedules Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Fair and warmer Monday night Partly cloudy and warm Tuesday Low Mon day night near 40 High Tues day 60 to 65 Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday and in north and west portions Monday night Low Monday night 38 to 42 High Tuesday 65 Minnesota Partly cloudyMonday night and Tuesday with a few scattered showers extreme north portions Warmer east and south portions Monday night Colder northwest portion Mon day night and north and west central portions Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 39 Minimum 28 At 8 a m Monday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 23 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 67 35 36 36 29 DEATH Ernsbarger 12 fell into a big sand mixer Sunday at Colorado Springs Colo and was being carried to certain death in the conveyor belt when 3 workmen jumped into action with shovels and an impro vised wooden crib After an hour and 20 minutes of strug gle with the lads shifting prison of sand he was pulled to safety Left to right Kenneth Carrico Earl Schneider Ernsbarger and Lloyd Cole are shown shortly before the boy was hauled out r looois narass many Towns Lowland Dwellers in Midwest Emergency Crew Is Sandbagging Levees Around Quincy III Chicago and threats of floods harassed many towns and rural lowland dwellers in the mid west and east Monday rains pouring into streams already swollen by melt ing snow and ice caused over flows in Iowa Pennsylvania Ver mont and New York An emergency crew recruited in Quincy 111 was sandbagging levees in an effort to prevent the Mississippi from overflowing 6000 acres of rich wheatlancl While other communities still staggered from devastating torna does of last week another twister hit the Tinker air force base at Oklahoma City Saturday night causing damage estimated at more than to aircraft alone Maj Gen Frederick S Borum commanding general listed 52 planes and several buildings de stroyed and other buildings and 50 planes damaged At least 5 northwestern Penn sylvania communities were struck by flash floods following a 3inch rainfall Sunday Mill creek over flowed into some sections of the Mcadville business district and some families evacuated their homes in Titusville E T Stevenson publisher of Titusville Herald said It looks like our worst flood in years but no lives are threatened Parts of Warren Bradford and Union City also were flooded An ice jam in East creek sent 5 feet of water into a residential sec tion of Rutland VI causing an es timated damage Some lowland residents along the Sus quehanna river near Binghamton N Y were forced to evacuate their homes and the Black river had overflowed at Lowville N Y An ice jam 15 miles long was re ported in St Regis river One of the heaviest 24hour rainfalls in years flooded thou sands of homes and businesses in Cleveland Ohio and disrupted transportation Dirt washing on to tracks forced virtually all street car lines to convert to bus service The Pacific Northwest was lashed by a grale and fear was ex pressed that 8 persons had lost their lives in a plane which disap peared during the storm The plane was last heard from over southwestern Washington and no trace of it had been found several hours after its fuel was believed exhausted Ronald Coltnan and Loretta Young Win Top Movie Honors Hollywood Young and Ronald Colman began their 12month reign Monday best actress and actor as in gleaming the Holbr new Os cars at home to prove it It was tlie first Academy award for both stars The other winners followed the lineup picked by experts Darryl F Zanutks Gentlemans Agree ment snagged best picture hon ors Elia Kazan won out as top di rector for the same picture and Celeste Holm was named best sup porting actress also for Gentle mans Agreement Edmund Gwenn who played Santa Glaus in Miracle on 34th Street took home the Oscar he won for best supporting actor and spent the rest of the night scrubbing congratulatory lipstick prints off his bald head Soviet Press Terms Trumans Draft Talk as Panic Policy Moscow declared Monday that President Trumans speech to congress last Wednesday reflected a panic policy It was the first editorial reaction in the Soviet Press to the presi dent s strong speech recommending adoption of universal military training and readoption of the draft The president made his speech the communist party orean de rpri election managers demanded lire and brimstone d war BILL TO SENATE TO AID FRANCE ITALY AUSTRIA Clear Way for Lower Chamber Debate on Relief Washington IP The house quickly passed Monday a 000 emergency appropriation for stopgap aid to Austria France and Italy The aid allotment was exactly the amount requested by President Truman several iweeks ago and supplements 000000 appropriated late last year for winter emergency relief The bill goes to the senate The was part of a deficiency bill written only Mon day morning by the house appro priations committee The bill also contains for relief work among American Indians and for income and other tax refunds In other foreigm aid actions the senate foreign relations committee recommended for aid to China for 12 months Of this could be used for military supplies The administra tion had asked eco nomic aid for China for 15 months Meanwhile the house rules committee cleared the way for house debate beginning Tuesday on legislation for worth of economics and military aid to western Europe China Greece and Turkey The green light was given after Chairman Eaton HN J of the house foreign affairs committee said the possibility of a 3rd World war is not very remote Eaton told the rules committee members the world is coming to a crossroads He said he did not know whether the decision as to which road it will take will be made through armed conflict Butthe possibility is not very remote Rep Cox DGa asked wheth er Eatons committee has any as surance that countries getting the assistance will do something to resist force with force The predominant sentiment of my committee Eaton replied is that all this aid is essentially military air against an eventual attempt to conquer the world Rep Vorys a mem ber of the foreign affairs com mittee told the rules committee men that as he sees it the pur pose of the bill is to support the economies of countries which are maintaining 104 army divisions for possible defense against 199 Soviet and satellite divisions That is very interesting re marked Rep Brown Your statement indicates that the 16 countries to come under ERP have agreed to keep those divi sions going He asked Vorys whether such assurances have been given by Ireland Sweden Turkey Portu gal Iceland and Switzerland Those countries did nothing to defend the democracies during the past war Brown said What as surance have we that they would participate in a defense agairtst communism Turkey will fight to the last man against communism whether we help her or not Vorys re plied Brown Would she fight if she were not invaded or would she fight only if the Russians invad ed Vorys I dont know Vorys said foreign ministers of the 3 Scandinavian countries are meeting now to consider wheth er they can any longer remain on the songbird list Switzerland is also considering a possible change in its historic policy of neutrality he added clared because his anticommunism and war hys teria as a means of diverting the attention of the American people from the deepening ol domestic economic difficulties and from the lamentable results of the entire policy of the administra tion The article was written by Commentator M Marinin Trumans message to congress shows that ruling circles in the United States seriously alarmed about internal difficulties as well as by the growth of the forces of democracy throughout the world now are losing their balance and are trying to find a way out means of artificially inflaming in ternational said By forces relations Marinin of democracy Russian commentators mean com munists 3 TeenAged Youths Admit Opening Grave and Removing Bones De Vitt teenage boys admitted opening a grave dating back to 1850 and removing bones Deputy Sheriff Leo Moore reported The boys age 15 and 16 said they didnt realize the seriousness of the offense Moore said They said they had taken the bones for study in their high school enatomy class The bones were reburied by au thorities The boys were released to their parents and hearings have been set for next Friday in juven ile court Moore said ;