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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1945, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY ANO neS KOINES MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS rta and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 32 This Piper Consists of Tivc One INSIDE WASHINGTON Harry Truman Scores Hit With Washington By HELEN ESSARV Central Press Columnist Washington Ive mentioned this before but its worth many a notice that it is a pleasure indeed to see people enjoying themselves as much as the Trumans I mean oE course the vice presidential Harry S Trumans This vale of known as the Earth is especially dark at the moment The vice presidential Trumans are managing to extract some pleasure from its gloom And Washington is loving them for the effort they are putting into tbeir new roles This Harry Truman is a new type of vice president I am quot ing several astute Republicans sharply on the other side of the New Deal fence He is determined to make the vice presidency a real job He believes the job is far more than sitting at odd times on the big presiding chair of the Sen ate with a gavel in one hand and a newspaper in the other Truman believes as vice presi dent he has a definite duty He must be the liaison officer be tween the Senate and ihe White House Not only does Truman be lieve that this is his duty he puts Ws theory into practice Regularly he interprets tne Sen ate to Mr Roosevelt Youre oft on the wrong foot on that issue he will say in effect to his chiel What is the point of making So andSo mad And he is mad Also his constituents You are push ing the issue too far there Mr President You will never carry your views across Personally sir I think you are dead wrong Trumans frankness in dealing with his boss is I understand so great that it sometimes alarms his friends Dont be quite so much of a NoMan they advise Dont be a YesMan a rubber stamp all the time Bat I would not go too far in telling the presi dent the truth Why not tell him the truth answers Truman Somebody has to He cant fire me It isnt as if I were a cabinet member who had to be polite The only way I have to be in fairness to the president and to the Senate is to be honest It is my responsibility to let the president know what the Senate isthinkingEspecially in such a national and world crisisas we find ourselvesrtpdayThe presi dent deserves to hearrttietruth from me v Truman has an excellent idea Its trnly novel It should help the president the country and Tru man One of the reasons for the continued success and popularity of Winston Churchill so an Eng lishman told me yesterday is that daily sometimes hourly he is told the attitude at parliament Blunt ly he is informed of the reaction of commons to his own plans and beliefs Commons of course rep resents the people What his faithful informers tell Churchill influences his national and international behavior This back of the scene guidance is one of the reasons it can be said of the prime has the people of England behind him Every time I see Admiral Wil liam D Siandley former United States ambassador to the Soviet he scolds me thusly Why dont you some thing really constructive he says Yon cannot have forgotten com pletely what I keep talking to you necessity of streamlin ing the government of the United States Our processes of govern ment are as out of date horse and buegy Actually the horse and buggy is fast going by comparison We are more like the pack horse and sled Do you realize that we are attempting to run a nation by a formula devised for it at least 160 years ago We are bumbling along in 1945 with the machinery we invented in 1781 We forget how we have changed as a nation since we wrote the constitution Then we were a strip of thinlysettled stales stretched along the Atlantic coast We hard ly knew there was a country other than our own It took weeks to get from one end of the new nation lo another by stage coach or horseback When I returned from Moscow to Washington a distance of more than 4000 miles I came by plaie and t took me about a ofay nnd a half Why cant we make our processes of government keep pace with the advance in transporta that seis Ihe size and business of the world Believe Kesselring May Lead West Army With V S 9th Army ulation rose in allied lines on the western front Thursday that Field Marshal Albert Kssselring might have been transferred from north ern Italy to take command of Ger man armies in the west succeed ing Field Marshal von Bund stedt Kesselring is reported now to be m Hitler s graces as a result of his long delaying campaign in Italy and his prompt declaration of al legiance to Hitler after last Julys bomb plot MOP UP NAZIS WEST OF RHINE Reds Break Through to Trap 15000 in Silesia OVERRUN 400 GERMAN TOWNS IN HUGE SWEEP Russians Open Route to Vienna in Strong Drive in Hungary London Ivan S Konevs army has broken through south and west of Oppeln southern Silesia advancing 25 miles and trapping at least 15000 Germans in a sweeping new of fensive that overran more than 400 German towns marshal Stalin announced that Konevs first Ukrainian army joined forces in a 2 day drive that toppled most of the defense strongholds in the southern end of Silesia Neustadt C o s e 1 Flakenberg Suelr Oberglogau Steinau Krap pitz and scores of other key towns fell to Konevs forces securing trie extreme left wing of the Berlin front for the brewing push against the German capital A special order of the day by Stalin said the junction of Ko nevs 2 columns to drives south and west of Oppeln surrounded and routed a formidable force of German troops Troops the first Ukrainian front having Broken the enemys defenses west and south of Op peln advanced 25 miles in each direction Stalin reported Hav ing linked up in the area of Ne wustadt they encircled and routed theGerman army grouping in the area southwest of Alone with the 15000 Germans the Soviets captured 461 field guns and great quantities of other war materials The list of captured towns read like a roll call of the major indus trial and fortified centers in the Oder valley south of the upper or southern Silesia capital of Oppeln The Moscow announcement clarified nazi radio reports ol the last few days giving accounts of violent fighting in the upper Oder valley A German military com mentator had admitted that the converging drives threatened to trap the German defenders of the area The drive carried Konevs forces more than 25 miles beyond the Oder in that area Other ele ments of his army were far west of the Oder on a broad front be tween Oppeln and Berlin With the overrunning the upper Silesian defenses Konevs army now was in position to strike into the Moravian gateway to southeastern Germany or to wheel northwestward and reinforce the troops massed in western Silesia some 50 miles cast of Dresden In Hungary to the southwest Berlin said a strong Russian drive had broken up a 63 mile defensive front opening the way to Vienna and southeastern Germany Powerful soviet onslaughts be tween Lake Balaton and the Dan ube northwest of Budapest shoved the Germans back on the ap proaches to Austria The Rus sians captured Esitergom on the Danube 22 miles northwest of Bu dapest Tata 29 miles northwest of Budapest and 94 southeast of Vienna and Felsogalla 10 south east of Tata Nazi broadcasts said a furious battle was going on in Szekesfe hervar key base between Lake Balaton and the Danube On the eighth massed onslaught the Rus sians broke into the town and violent house to house fighting was raging The flareup in Hungary came as other soviet armies mopped up German pockets along the Baltic OdcrSilesia front and into line for the push against Ber lin German and Russian reports indicated that it might not be long now Soviet reports said reinforce ments were moving into position on Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs front It stretches from the Bal tic through the Oder valley 30 miles east of Berlin and into Si lesia where it links up with that of Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukrainian army At the northern end of the east ern front Russian forces esti mated byBerlin at 50 divisions stormed through the suburbs of burning Danzig and Gdynia on the Baltic and tightened the noose on the last German toehold in East Prussia around Koenigsber Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Crush Last Resistance on Panay Manila troops ana Filipino guerrillas tracked down scattered Japanese rem nants on Panay Thursday after crushing the last organized resist ance with the capture of Iloilo capital of the island Virtual completion of the Pa nay campaign came as American bombers from the Philippines stepped up their aerial offensive to severely pound the Japanese snipping resources from the east ern Philippines to the coast of China Thirteen Japanese vessels in cluding 5 small warships were destroyed or damaged in the widespread attacks carried out by almost every type of aircraft from fighters to heavy liberator bomb ers The rapid campaign on Panay sixth largest of the Philippines overwhelmed the main Japanese forces in 52 hours and left only small scattered pockets to be mopped up by the American troops and the Filipino guerril las The last organized resistance was broken when Ulaj Gen Rapp Brushs veteran 40th division forces stormed Info Iloilo under a cover of lowflying Mitchell medium bombers Approximately 70 per cent of the capital city was burned or blasted by tha Japanese although the and fine anchorage fa cilities were found undamaged Iloilos harbor fronting on the Iloilo river and the strait is one ofthebest in the centralPhilip pines The river whichbisects thecity can accbmmoaSle ticear going vessels 2 miles inland Brushs troops also Joined with fierce guerrilla bands to seize the Santa Barbara airfield 25 miles inland It was the second air strip captured on Panay and will provide additional bases for the rapidly developing aerial offen sive from the Philippines Gen Douglas MacArthur dis closed that the guerrillas had practically cleared the interior and coastal sectors of the island and announced that the distin guished service cross had been axvarded to their commander Coi Macario Peralta Jr The medal was presented to the guerrilla leader who organized one of the most potent forces in the Philippines by Lt Gen Rob ert L Eichelberger commander of the If S eighth army imme diately after the capture of Iloilo American troops and Filipino guerrillas also made another stra tegic junction on Luzon in clamp ing a pincers on Baguio former summer capital and Japanese headquarters The 2 forces joined Tuesday at San Fernando a port on the eastern shore of Ling ay en gulf which the guerrillas had captured the previous day Foresee Revision of Treaty Limiting Russian Use of Dardanelles Ankara denunci ation of her treaty with Turkey was viewed in foreign circles here Thursday as a preparatory step toward revision of the Montreux agreement limiting use of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus Straits Russia long lias wanted a free outlet to the Mediterranean Turkish sources appeared confi dent a new and better pact could be reached There is a strong de sire here for an agreement pat terned after the 1939 treaty be tween Britain France and Turkey containing a mutual assistance clause But Radio Tokyo said the ask force with its dozen or more car riers Wednesday night was flee ing at full speed southward to ward waters east the Okinawa islands site of an important naval base and several airfields midway between Japan and Formosa With Japans inland sea naval bases still smouldering from Sun day and Mondays attacks Okin awa might offer a tempting target to Vice Admiral Marc A Mitschers fast carriers and their escort of battleships and other warships nnder Admiral Raymond A Spruance The naval base is situated on Okinawa largest island in the group of the same name about midway Jin the Hyukyu chain run southwest from Nazis Say Yanks Now Using Pershing Tanks London German radio declared Thursday that American forces on the western front now are using the new Genera Per shing tank Equipped with guns of 90 4 inches The broadcast quoted front dis patches as saying the Pershing was the counterpart of the German King Tiger tank The dispatch did not indicate whether the new American tanks had appeared in large numbers and did not comment on their per formance American correspondents at the froht have not been permitted to say in dispatches whether the Gen eral Pershing tank actuallv has gone into action TOKYOREPORTS US5TH FLEET NEAROKINAWAS Jap Naval Base Situated on Main Island Airfields in Islands Guam UR The 5th fleet Thursday was reported approach ing the Okinawa islands 300 miles southwest of Japan possibly for new blows at Japans waning sea and air power Pacific fleet headquarters has screened the fleets activities with a security blackout since its planes crippled 11 enemy war ships and wrecked 600 aircraft in Japans inland Monday sea Sunday and southernmost the main Japa nese islands Okinawa has been bombed on several occasions by carrier borne planes and also has been at tacked by landbased bombers from Gen Douglas MacArthurs command The battered Japanese fleet further crippled by the damaging of 17 of its warships in the in land sea raids would be power less to should it want any new strikes ai the Ryukyus or Japan The Japanese air force which lost planes destroyed or dam aged in the inland sea raids alone also was far from the formidable enemy it once was A Japanese communique broad cast by the Tokyo radio claimed that Japanese planes neverthe less had heavily damaged an other American battleship in at tacks on the fleet as it turned south from the KyushuHonshu area Wednesday That brought the toll of Ameri can warships claimed by Tokyo since Sunday to 8 sunk and 3 dam aged Admiral Chester W Nimilz reported Wednesday that only one American warship had been dam aged seriously enough B29S USE WO JIMA AIRSTRIPAmerican B29s returning to their Marianas Inses from raids on TnVvn moVa i t s t uases fiom laids on Tokyo make use of newly uusmj on iwo Jima Une tf9 shown taking off from Motoyama airstrip No 1 while another rests in revetment with damaged right outboard engine AP wirephoto with SENATE PASSES GAS TAX RISE Bill Now Ready for Governors Signature Des Moines senate Thursday approved 41 to 8 and sent to the governor a bill which would raise the state gasoline tax front 4 centsa gallon to pro vide additional revenue for sec ondary roadsand municipal streets Gov Robert D Bine when in formed the bill had been passed said I probably shall sign it The increased tax would be ef fective next July The increase was provided in a house amendment to a senate bill which provided originally only for an increase from to 2 mills in lie optional levy for secondary road maintenance The senate ap proved the gasoline tax increase by concurring in the house amend ment which passed the lower chamber Tuesday by vote 79 to 22 Senate concurrence followed only brief debate during which 2 senate amendments were with drawn Senator Herman Knudson R Mason City withdrew an amend ment which would have provided that no county need levy the in creased miilaKe unless a need ex isted for it after the amendment was ruled out of order An amendment by Senator J Kendall Lynes RPlainfield was withdrawn atter Lynes asserted that some rather high fast ones f have been slipped across on us amendment would have trans fund to set up a street Hear Final Arguments in Brewer Case Osasc arguments were heard Thursday morning in the case of Mrs Helen Schultz Brewer former Iowa bus queen charged with assault with intent to commit murder in connection with an alleged attack on Floyd County Sheriff B F Atherton witness for the state Wednesday was Dr H Banton Charles City physician who testi fied that Sheriff Atherton had bruises on 2 ribs and a cut over one eye after the alleged alterca tion with Mrs Brewer when he went to the farm ol her father Joseph Schultz in a search for stray calves Mrs Brewer who acted as her own attorney had as witnesses her husband Donald and son Donald Jr They testified that the sheriff was rough Mrs Brewer at various limes in addi tion to the farm incident Mrs Brewer did not take the stand in her own defense army Liberators and fighters on Chichi in the Bonin islands north of Iwo Tuesday and Wednesday Army and navy bombers also hit Hayake Kawa on Paramushiru m the Kurile islands north of Japan the communique said Can neries rndio installations and oth er buildings strafed SHOT TO DEATH Brussels Belgian journalist Jules Rhone who wrote in the Germancensored newspa per Nouveau Journal during the occupation was shot to death Thursday at Brussels prison WeatheTlleportiS tion fund Senator John P Berg RCeclar Falls opened debate against the Sas tax amendment by declaring that he was not taking issue with the needs of many counties of the state As far as the stale is con cerned it has been my thought and my purpose that at no time should vie enact legislation here that would increase our tax struc ture Berg said Im not speak ing politically Im speaking strict ly as I feel about the problem of finances of the state which in my HOGS CHICKENS PERISH IN FIRES Clarion Charles City Blazes Cause Damage believed to have originated from defective wiring destroyed the hog house together with 13 sows and 75 pigs on the August NiDfkc farm northwest cf Clarion early Wednesday The loss is estimated at 55000 jusl back of the RuhrRhine partially covered by insurance front YANKS RAF BLAST REICH 2000 Planes Hit Ruhr Rhine Fronts London The Royal Air Force hurled almost 1000 heavy bombers into the blazing daylight assault on Germany Thursday in the wake ot a 2000plane Ameri can strike on the Kuhrand Rhine river fronts The British tireets were not immediately Identified but ilic timing of the raid indicated it was part of the overall campaign to blast open a path in Germanys western defenses for the allied ground forces massed along the Rhine The American bombing fleet spearheaded fay more than 1300 U S 8th air force heavies hit 9 German command stations in She Ruhr and 5 Rhine river airfields in an attack designed lo blind and demoralize the nazi armies de fending ihe Rhine The attack was aimed squarelj at the nerve centers of the Ger man army at the north end of the front and came after days of re peated bombing attacks which al ready had the nazi command sroKEy The daylight attack protected by more than 700 Mustang fight ers sent the day and nigrit totnl of attacking allied warplancs on front over the 3000 It appeared that the allied air the west mark GERMANS CLAIM YANKS MASSED TO CROSS RHINE 3rd Army Clears Most of Mainz 7th Speeds North Paris 3rd and 7th armies crushed all but disorgan ized German pockets west of the Rhine Thursday while allied bombers smashed by the hundreds norlh of the Ruhr where the en emy said the allies had massed enormous smoke shrouded strength for on imminent new crossing of the river Only remnants remained to be cleaned up in the German chemi cal capital of Ludwigsharen en veloped by the 3rd array A stiff fteht for Mainz flared into its 3rd day asthe 30th division cleared of the town The Germans in the Palatinate and Saarland had lost probably well over 100000 in prisoners and 2 whole armies in one of the greatest debacles in Prussian mil itary lore The U S army sped 28 miles north passing many posi tions captured by the 3rd and forming numerous lineups with Ihe 3rd army Just north of Ihe closing battle of the Palatinate the first army pushed lo the Sieg river at points 12 miles from the Ruhr and 13 of its large industrial centers at Mul heim and Gladbach east of Co logne NervousGerman broadcasts and the isolating blows of allied Planes focused attention in the tank caunlry of the German plains north of the Ruhr and the industrial basin itself marked for conquest by Gen Eisenhower The Wesphalian flatlands lead to Ber lins north door Y Three allied armies are poised nlong 63 miles of the lower Bhine from Duesseldorf lo Arnhem and nre ready to join any moment now in the general offensive Berlin said These were ho Canadian first the British second the American ninth enemy accounl considerable parts of the Ameri can first army also fighting south of the Ruhr and east of the Rhine in the bridgehead The blistering aerial attacks were in the pattern which pre luded other great offensives The whole circle of roads and railway bottlenecks centered by Muenster was under blazing and continuous attack The greatest weight of bombs rockets and incendiaries fell in the Muenster circle east of Wcsel the northwest Rhine corner of Ihe Ruhr The blithe disregard which the seventh and third armies showed for military boundaries made bat tle maps a confusing maze of sal ients in which Pattons and Patchs troops were crisscrossed The armies acting like shuttles of a great loom wove steel meshed traps around hopelessly pocketed and beaten Germans in Ihc Pala forces were out to mateli or top 1tlcl Delen Germans in the Pala Weclnesdays figure ot 10000 and Hesse sorties j After several days of frantic rc Tarffcls Thursday included some th of the crack jetplane V ave ri jlitritiir I supreme effort save remnants The Naefke farm homeand con tents were destroyed by fire on 100ft BABY CHICKS IN BROODER BURNED Charles Cify One thousand week old pullets perished Thurs day when a short circuit in an electric brooder stove at the S A Twining hatchery started a blaze The floors and walls were bally charred Twining also operates the Peeiv Finishing company less Photo here FORECAST Mason City Fair Thursday night and Friday with continued mild lemperatures Iowa Fair Thursday night and Friday warmer in east portion Thursday night Continued mild Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy con tinued mild Thursday night and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 60 Minimum Wednesday 34 At 8 a m Thursday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 41 2R 17 Its my conviction that we should along without the additional enue herein provided1 Senator F J Pine RCnlum bus Junction then asked Why have these counties that are so anxious to have this gas tax nc ITlected in he past to levy their full allowable amount of taxes for road construction purposes Senator Carl O Sjulin R Hamburg replied that Fremont county raised 821514 from its levies in 1942 and S22523 in 1943 but did not levy a tax for secon dary road construction in 1944 be cause of the devastatingMissouri river floods There were thousands and thousands of acres of land inun dated from which no crops were raised and those poor fellows out there didnt have o pay with Sjulin said He added that in the cases o other counties which did not levy the allowable amounts they prob i ably felt the levy unnecessary be Flyir in Private Audience Vatican City Pius received Edward J Flynn Presi dent Roosevelts personal envoy and New York democratic leader in private audience for an hour Thursday Washington dispatches said Flynn was believed exploring the possibility of improving relations between ihe Catholic church and Russia He traveled to Yalta with Mr Roosevelt and later conferred with Premier Stalin and other so viet officials in Moscow Immediately after the audience the Pope received Mgr Giovanni Montini his assistant secretary of state Among the points struck German army encampment military centers near Bottrop Glaclbeck Barmingholte Dorslen Westerholt Mulheim Hattingen and in the Ruhr These points are in Ihe heart of the area where the nazis most fear attack There already thev are the Germans were believed matte S Ilic niffht j of the destroyed first and seventh j armies with ferry crossings of the f Rhine But tile bedraggled slrac Stcrs were hardly believed enough lo man adequately the Valhalla line across the river The battle of the Saarland and Palatinate started by Patchs at tacks from the south only 8 days ago and actually decided March 16 when Patton crashed across the preparations by what was de scribed as the vorlds greatest smokescreen Airfields attacked included those at KHzengen Giclbclstadt Ahlhorn SchwabishHall nnd cause of the wartime curtailment of construction work The change in the gas tax rale was Iowas first since 1927 when the legislature increased the tax from 2 cents lo 3 cents a gallon House Military Group Passes Draft Extension Washington h e houso military committee Thursday unanimously approved a one year extension of the draft law without changes The action was taken after a brief hearing during which army spokesmen asked that no restric tions be placed against the cur rent policy of sending men into combat 5 months after their in duction when necessary Some members had sought to constituted one of the worst Ger man defeats in the west flic victory comnjefc save for mopping up attention focused on the Ruhr and the German plain to the for tank maneuvers Allied planes by tlie thousands were isolating the re ffioii for Ihe approaching push which Gen Eisenhower has ad vertised Opposite Karlsruhe in the Rhine valley north or Lauterbourg and Wisscmbourg diehard Germans stil fought the 7th army in frag ments of the Siegfried line Farther west the great Sieg fried line fortress of Pirmasens 47200 was entered Wednesday and there were no fresh reports Thursday It appeared probable that the Tin army had captured Landau fortified road center of 14350 which was left far behind its multiple advances Patch did not say Elsewhere in the pocket from the northern limits ban the sending of teenage in prcs enaclecl in 1040 win become inoperative on May Tn carrier boy ;