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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1944, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND DCS M01NCS NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITV IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 22 1914 Tills Paper Consists ol Two One NO 90000 JAPS IN SOUTH PACIFIC ARE ENCIRCLED U S Marines Take 2 More Islands Around Bismarck Archipelago By United Press An estimated 90000 Japanese were isolated in the south Pacific Wednesday after U S marines seized 2 islands in the St Matthi as group to complete the encircle ment of the Bismarck archipelago in a maneuver timed to match a heavy bombardment ol Kavieng Ireland by American battle ships While the marines were oc cupying the islands of Emiruu and KImusao almost without opposi tion Monday the battleships de livered probably the heavies naval bombardment of this the alcr firing 1000 tons of shell into Kavicng 81 miles to the south The precarious position of th Japanese was acknowledged bj Premier Marshal Hideki Toji when he told the Japanese parlia mcnt Wednesday that Japan military position had becom in the past weeks with the empire now tac ing decisive struggles which wi decide its destiny The landing in the St Mallliia islands was the northerumos lienetration of the southwest Pa cific ft brought allied forces onl 580 miles south of the big Japa nese base at Truk in the Caroline and completed the ring arotin the Bismarck archipelago Eyewitness accounts ol th Kavieng bombardment said the barrage knocked down nearly every building at the New Irleans base as the battleships raked the targets at will after silencing a feuenemy shore batteries Allied airmen continued their widespread attacks striking en emy bases from the Marshalls in the central Pacific to New Guinea in the southwest Reds Smash Within 20 Miles of Rumania Open Odessa Thrust CLAIMHUNGARY RESISTING NAZI PROTECTION Bulgaria and Rumania Also Being Occupied to Bolster Balkan Defense Congress Charges Farmers Coerced Into AAA Program By Draft Rationing Threats YANKS REVIEW their foxholes at the edge of a road in the Carroceta area of Italy U S troops watch captured nazis file by on their way to prison camps back of the lines Signal corps photo Graven Appointment Confirmed INTEREST TURNS TO SUCCESSOR New Federal Judge Says Will Hold Court Here Sec Picture anil Story Page 2 The interest of attorneys in the 8 north central Iowa counties com prising the 12th judicial district centered Wednesday on the selec tion of a successor to Judge Henry N Graven whose resignation is expected soon as he prepares to take office as federal judge for the northern district of Iowa 5 INCH SNOW IN NORTH IOWA Forecast for More Snow Turning to Rain DCS Moines than 5 inches of fresh slushy snow blank eted north Iowa Wednesday and it was still snowing over a large part of the state at midmorning The weather bureau said Fort Dodge Sioux City and Spencer reported 5 inches of snow when observations were made at 7 a m The bureau forecast more rain or snow for the state Council Bluffs and Charles City had 4 inches of snow at 7 a m Eslherville Slfs Mason City 3 Ce dar Rapids and Ames 2 and Des Monies 1 Mild temperatures made the snow slushy when it fell and high ways throughout mosj of the state were slippery There were no re ports of serious drifting Lowest temperature Tuesday night was 28 at Esthcrville and Mason City Highest reading in the slate Tuesday was 45 at Dubuque Burlington and Davenport From 3 to 4 inches of snow covered the Mason Cily district according to the highway com mission but aside from slipperj spots clue to packed snow no dif ficulty in driving was reported Visibility was reported fair Al though some1 sleet was rcportcc Tuesday night preceding the snov and again Wednesday morning following the snow driving will caution was possible throughou the area according to the local of fice of the highway commission Buses and trains were holding to schedules the light snow haV ing practically no effect on rail roads No drifting of snow wa reported in the area Murder Trial of 15 Year Old Boy Starts Humboldt jury of women and 8 men was impanelled Tuesday to hear the trial of 15 yearold Dorn Machovec charged with murder in the shooting of his stepfather Paul VOES 41 Spectators at the trial included John Machovcc Minden farm worker and father of the youth and Mrs Voss wife of the victim and mother of the boy It is the countys first murder trial in over 40 vcars Nomination of Graven to suc eed George C Scott of Sioux ity who retired from the federal ench last fall was confirmed late Tuesday by the United States sen tc in Washington Counties in the 12th judicia istrict are Bremer Butler Cerro Gordo Floyd Hancock Mitchell Vinnebago and Worth The othei udges in the district are Tom Joynton Forest City M 1L Kep er Nortnwood and T A norc Charles City The Ccrro Gordo County Bar has endorsed W P Butler of Ma 011 City to succeed Judge Graven tlickenlooper will name Uravcns successor Judge Graven is a native of tlinnesoia and was graduated rom the University of Minnesota aw school He is 50 years old Prior to becoming district judge ic was counsel lor the Iowa State Highway commission and lived at Greene Upon becoming district udge he moved to JMason City and later to Clear Lake to be more accessible to lawyers of the dis rict He was appointed district judge by former Gov Nelson G Kraschel in 1937 to fill a vacancy and subsequently was elected in 1338 and 1942 The federal judgeship is a life time appointment The salary is a year There are 52 coun ties in the northern district Court is held at Sioux City Fort Dodge Mason City Waterloo Cedar Rap ids and Dubuque I intend to hold a regular term of court here at Mason City Judge Graven told the Globe Gazette But it is not likely that there will be much business here for the time being at least since there is no deputy clerk of court and consequently no one to keep records here lie explained that years ago when the judicial district was set up congress provided for a court cicrk at Dubuque and deputies at Sioux Cily Fort Dodge ami Wa terloo with the provision that court may be held at Mason City There is no way o get a deputy clerk at Mason City except by act of congress the judge snid U is more than 15 years since federal court was held at Mason City and the courtroom with judges chambers clerks cham bers jury rooms marshals office and jail in the new postoffice have never been used by Judge George C Scott Sioux City whose res ignation resulted in Judge Cra vens appointment Judge Scot held court here about half a dozen times in the D20rs ac cording to local attorneys bu never since JUDGE IIEXRY N GRAVEN Burst in Cone of Vesuvius Threatened J On the Slopes of Mount Vesu vius Three Italian coastal towns harboring 86000 people were menaced Wednesday by a shift in the lava flow from erupt ing Mount Vesuvius and experts warned that the volcanic cone might burst at any moment and bury the countryside under tons of molten rock Five days after the start of its worst outbreak in modern times the great volcano has stopped act ins according to form and has gone completely erratic The main lava flownow has hifted from the northwest to the vest slopes and is moving down ike a fiery snake on the coastal owns of Torre Del Greco Torre Amiunziata and Resina site of he ancient town of Herculaneum vhich was buried in the great eruption of 79 A D Allied military authorities wcro understood tp be preparing to evacuate the residents of the 3 owns it the lava flow continues Meanwhile the seething cone of he volcano glowed with such in tensity that Italian experts warned it may break suddenly and semi a terrific overflow of lava in all directions a single life lias been lost thus far largely because of the prompt measures taken by the army to remove reluctant civil ians from their homes but mil lions of dollars worth of property have been ruined and parts of the finest vineyards in Italy have been wiped out including the fa mous Lacrima Cristi vineyards It was estimated that cultiva tion on the iavawaslcri soil would be impossible for at least a cen tury The villages of San Scbastiano and Massa Di Somma were all but obliterated Tuesday by the lava wall moving down the northwest slopes and a 2 mile high column of fine dust peppered Maples and Salerno Wildest Fight Yet in Italy Rocks Cassino By LYNN IIEINZERLING With the 5th Army at Cassino for the ruins of Cassino developed into the wild est battle ot the Italian campaign Wednesday with 2 German coun terattacks against Castle hill be hind the town New Zcalanders slugging it out in the streets and German and allied mortar and ar tillery shells landing within a few hundred yards of each other Allied guns were brought up to fire at direct range oti the Continental hotel in whieh the Germans managed to reinstall themselves after ouoc being driven out The hotel area and entire south end of town held by the Germans were brought under this fire The Germans indicated their concern over the situation by sending a large formation of planes to attack communications in the rear of the 5th army line Allied planes took up the chase The flashes of allied shells could be seen as they exploded in the Germanheld portion of the town immediately at the base of Mon astery hill Clouds of smoke drifted over the towti and valley as tile battle grew in intensity without any major change in positions The first German attack against Castle hill held by New Znaland ers was launched at a m but was broken up by allied ar tillery and mortar shells plumped on the Germans route from their stronghold on Hill IG5 About 30 more German prisoners were taken London advices re ported bloody righting along the border of Hungary and Rumania Wednesday and other sources saicl the Germans were occupying Bul garia and Rumania in a desperate bid to bolster the Balkan defenses against the Russian army A German foreign office spokes man quoted in a dispatch to Bern said that the entire matter can be explained as a move of a pro tective nature aimed at defending southeastern Europe against so viet aspirations As the protective occupation made notorious by the nazis was reported engulfing Bulgaria and Rumania reports through Swit zerlandsaid a miniature war was raging along the common frontici of Hungary ami Rumania when the ii37i aggression had fanned ancient hatreds into open hostili ties Hungarian shock troops and home guards were reported op posing German and Rumanian forces trying to push in from the southeast precipitating fierce battles in the areas of Arad and NagyVarad Marsha Maximilian von Welch commander of German occupation forces in the Balkans was re ported to have penetrated Hun garys southeastern frontier with 3 divisions occupying the main border town of Szeged Szeged was said to be jammed with thousands of Jews and Hun garians trying to flee to Jugo slavia As soon as his forces occu pied the town von Weich clamped down a curfew and carried out mass arrests among the Jews and antinazi Hungarians Occupation of the Balkans also would protect Hungarian and Ru manian railroads on which Ger man forces on the southern front n Russia must depend for sup plies reinforcements and escape since the Soviets cut their Odessa Lwow line U S government monitors said the nazicontrolled Budapest radio went off the air twice during the night After the first suspension the station reported that nuisance raiders were over various Hun arian localities R c p or I s reaching supposedly wellinformed tiuarters in Ankara said 1 German infantry and panzer divisions had arrived in Rumania trom Hungary prob ably foreshadowing complete German occupation nf Rumania Madrid heard army detachments 500 Tons of Bombs Hit Berlin were seizing Rumanian railroads hit Berlin for the first tim while elite SS storm troopers and on March geslnpo agents rounded np leadi crs of peace movements Diplomatic circles in Madrid j were quoted as saying that Ru mania like Hungary now could be considered just occupied country with an enemy garrison but there was no confirmation that the occupation of Rumania had yet been completed A Loniion Daily Mail dispalch from Ankara said Vice Premier Washington an cx anl Foreign Minister Mibai A 1ectcd 20000001 ton domestic Antoiiescn and other Rumanian shorUiuc the war production leaders attended a 5hour sccTct WpB has decided against conference Tuesday to consider rationing for tnc 1 hcat thc possibility of surrendering lo j season Russia Major decisions were members agreed alter reached after which a Rumanian hearing a report from the interior umps From Tram Before Collision Dies Others Unhurt Jefferson City Mo gineer C M Childers looked from his freight locomotive window and saw that the two trains were going to bump He jumped just as the two engines collided hcadon nine miles cast of here Childers was killed None of the other trainmen was hurt Rome Radio Says Nazis to Withdraw Military installations in Rome London German controlled Rome radio Wednes day announced that the Germans would withdraw all military in stallations from Rome and would divert all military traffic from the city in an effort to place re sponsibility for bombings entirely on the allies Americans Now Using Ton Blockburner Washington UP American airmen arc now dropping oil nazi Europe a new 500pound block burner incendiary bomb which cannot be extinguished once it LONDON HIT BY NAZI BOMBERS Reported Heaviest Since March 17 Fire Raid London 100 Ger man warplancs subjected London to a sharp attack Tuesday night causing casualties and damage in n ti m b c r of sections in the heaviest assault u p o n the city since the fire raid of March 17 Bombs also dropped at scattered points in cast Anglia and southeast England by the raiders n of which were shot down a communique said The planes which attacked London struck in 3 waves and were greeted by a thunderous Mobile 40 millimeter cannon j ncaring the panic stage the Daily operated by United States troops as well as American batteries of 90 millimeter guns added their barks to the din set up by the British antiaircraft defenses British night fighters and the heavy barrage apparently forced many of the attackers to jettison their bombs haphazardly in the London suburbs but many never theless fell in the cily Rescue workers still were dig ging for victims in theruins of smashed homes at midday It was believed however that the death list would not be nearly a heavy as in some of the Febru ary raids London UP Three great waves of flying fortresses and lib erators dropped about 1500 tons of bombs on Berlin without chal lenge from the German air force Wednesday in the first assault on the cloudshrouded city since March About UOO heavy bombers of the U S 8th air force flew with one of the strongest fishier es corts ever sent over Germany a great arjnada numberinsr per haps 1600 warp I a nes American crewmen ol the 4 motored bombers reported tha they scored bullseyes on indus rial targets in the center of Ber in and when they left flames vere shooting up to 4000 fee unidst the broken clouds abov which columns ot smoke lowered Berlin and the other parts of over which the raiders flew were covered by ninetenths clouds and the bombers used the overcast bombing technique Some fortress groups reported that breaks in the clouds ovcrthe cily enabled them to sec great patches of it including at least one big space pocked apparently by bomb craters Two waves of fortresses and one of liberators Maj limmy Stewart former actor was one of the combat leaders ot the lat in over the heart 01 Berlin from t clirccftoiis The converging attack made it difficult for the antiaircraft gun ners who threw up one of the most intense barrages yet experi enced by the Americans but were unable to concentrate on one for mation at a time as they have heretofore United Slates army headquar ters announced that strong forces of liberators and flying fortresses escorted by thunderbolls mus tangs anil lightnings in verj great strength renewed the American daylight bombing cam paign against the heart of Ihc reich United States army air forces last bombed Berlin weeks a Thursday in a follow up to the greatest fire raid in history the made on the capital the day be fore which in turn followed 1 only 2 days the first mass day that German i 1Rht attack of the war on the methodically cily A light force of U S bomb Washington separate louse probes were projected Wed icsday into charges that farmers re being coerced into signing up or federal agricultural programs under threat of military induction and deprival of gasoline rations and farm machinery The charges were made by Rep Rizley R Okla me Harness R Ind Harness a ncmbcr of the house military mil lary draft deferment subcommit tee said the bringing of any such pressure on farmers was repre lensible and added It can be construed only to 1 capturing the TAKING OF RAIL HUB CUTS HOLE IN GERMAN LINE Russians Expected to Reach Prut River Line Within Matter of Days By ROBERT MUSEL London Ivan S Koncvs 2nd army of the Ukraine ripped out the northeast anchor 06 the staggered German salient along the Black Sea Wednesday mean that unless the draft reg istrant signs up with the agricul tural adjustment agency AAA ami agrees to the program promul gated by its longhaired planners will not be considered for dc fcrmenl as an agricultural worker Chairman May D Ky of the military committee saicl he would instruct the draft deferment sub committee to begin n study of the matter immediately Chairman Smith D of a special com mittee checking on the opera tion of government agencies said he would question federal of ficials about this thing with a view to undertaking a separate in quiry And as war industries faced loss many of their currcnllyde errccl workers under a new draft olicy President Roosevelt indi itcrl there would be some special onsideration for the more highly young experts In a letter to the American hcmical society Sir Roosevelt cknowlcdjrcd that younger scicn isls probably have the best traili ng in new scientific developments nd that taking them out of work vould deter the conduct of the In his charge of pressure on armers Harness displayed a copy jf a mimcoeraphcd notice sent to draftage farmer in his district by the Grant county Indiana al board No 2 11 directed the to report to his agricul urc war board within 5 days and iddctl Ihc capitalized and under scored you have igncd up at your township A A meeting It is very the no ice continued that a certifies copy of 1044 production be main ained as directed since in its ab sence you may lie placed in clas 1A and held for military service Harness who said the sending of the notices by the local boari has been stopped also made piihli a letter sent out by the lay count Indiana agricultural coitscrva tion committee requesting farm crs to submit their 1914 farmin plans and stating that the infor inatiini required by the selective service board in making farm de ferments will be obtained from this source junction and WPB Decides Against Coal Ration in 44 heavily tortilied base of Pervo maisk after 2 days of bitter fight ing Premier Josef Stalin issued an order of the day hailing Konevs victory at Pervomaisk which blasted still another gap in the German line along the middle Bug river and opened the way for a drive down toward Odessa The new rollback of the upper arc of the German salient co incided with the push by Konevs right wing across upper rabia where the nazi transport system hat been shattered by the breaking of the ISaltiCcrnauti railroad The advance was within 20 miles of Ihc Prul river border of Kumania Russian troops under 10 gen rals for 2 days had been storming ervomaisk a city of on he northeast bunk of the Bug rom which radiate the main rail oads and 7 highways comprising he communications of the south central Ukraine The fall of Pervomaisk left the Germans without an eastwest rail inr in the lower Ukraine German hopes of a stand north of the Rumanian bonier faded as he Kussiaas smashed back new full strength enemy units rushed to Bessarabia in a futile attempt to restore the nazi line which has ceased to exist at many points In old Poland the 1st Ukrainian army broke into LWOW province and pushed down the BrodyTar uopol highway to within 35 miles of the big highway ami railway junction of Lwow itself The de fense outpost of Brody 55 miles cast northeast of Lwow was out flanked completely and expected to fall soon The 3rd Ukrainian army at the eastern end of the front wedged into Odessa province from the cast and began a battle for a railway junction 75 miles northeast of the Black sea port of Odessa Koncvs forces captured 40 towns and villages in his full dress drive toward the Prut Tues day and at last reports had pene trated more than 20 miles licyonil Ihc Dniester river The army organ Hud Star called the severing of the BaltiCcrnauti railroad the only German lat eral line in northern Bessarabia a great achievement because it was defended by fresh German The information also was nccesI reinforcements sary the letter added because nonhighway gasoline for tractor and other farm nonhighway use will be processed by AAA com tnittcemen through a coopera tive agreement between the OPA and the AAAJ There is no room for doubt Harness snid that the adminisi Partisan forces had paved the way for the successful thrust by seizing a portion of the line in advance of the red army and holding it for 8 hours thus tying up enemy troops and supplies during the critical hours before tile main attack fanning out along the railroad general visited he German com mander at Bucharest the dis patch said Public anxiety in Rumania over the approach of the red army was Mail dispatch reported Radio Ankara said the Germans also had taken over radio tele phonic and telegraphic communi cations iti Bulgaria and wore ex pected to place all 3 Balkan satel lites under a unified command to be announced soon tralion through its triplcV com the Russians threatened both mittecs is deliberately and brazenjCeriunili and Balti the latter a ly Irving to use the rationing connected by another strictions as a political measure i lintwith lasi on the southwest Kizlev made public similar tlu Plut reported to ticcs sent out in Oklahoma the headquarters or the Ger Pound Baby Born to Negress Dies But sMother Is All Right starts blazing the ment revealed Wednesday The department said the new bomb known also as the M76 or Goop was a tremendously de structive fire agent developed by the U S chemical warfare serv ice It contains a mixture of jel lied oil and finely powdered scrap magnesium which when set off by a small powder charge gives the bomb its deadly effect Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette and carrier boy Asks for Gas Stove Says Wife Sick and Cant Bring in Wood Portland Ore office price administration OPA here has an application for a gas stove priority with this added ap peal 1 have always a wood stove but now my wife is sick can no longer bring in the wood i 2S gro Raleigh X Car Mi A pound daughter born to a couple Mr and Mrs Amon Harris here Tuesday lived less than a day Dr Thomas Kj Cathcart the attending physician said Wednesday The child 12lh in the family was 32 inches long and had a full set of teeth Dr Cathcarl said The mother was reported all right In Chicago Dr Morris Fishbein editor of the journal of the American Medical association said the birth if authenticated would equal the all time record in the United States department that deficiencies will be able to be taken care of by al lotments and emergency diversion of fuel to shortage areas under the same precautions which were taken during the season just end ing Weather Report KOKECASI Mason City liain Wednesday night and Thursday afternoon Not much change in tempera ture Lowest Wednesday night slightly below Iowa Occasional light rain Wed nesday night in northeast por tions Thursday Little change in temperature Minnesota Mostly cloudy with stisw in cast and south portions Wednesday nigh I Thursday mostly cloudy with rain or snow in soutncasi and extreme cast portions Colder with snow flur ries in north and west portions Thursday afternoon IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 41 Minimum Tuesday night 23 At 8 a m Wednesday 23 3i inches 17 inch Snow Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 Minus 1 SMASH INTO admitted the loss of its northwest Ukrainian stronghold Vinnitsa as the Russian army smashed its way across the Dniester river into Bessarabia and only a few miles from the prewar Rumanian border Broken lines show possible thrusts to entrap remaining nazis ;