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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 22, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKK ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWAMONDAY MARCH THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 143 Hopkins Is Good Talker Sees Nothing Temporary in Relief Situation HUGHES LETTER ON GOU READ By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON CPA Gen eralissimo Harry L Hop kins is an ex t r a o r dinarily good talker I listened to him recently It was an off the record not to be quoted How ever I observed that he had E mic r o p h o in front of him Hence I con cluded that there was nothing particularly confidential about his remarks since they were broadcast to everywhere that the ether would take them He has said substantially the same thing on many another an occasion anyway So there cannot be much harm in drawing a few conclusions from this latest of his utterances Permanent Relief The nub of Hopkins speech was this using no quotation marks Basically there is nothing tem porary about the relief situation in the United States Four to five a Parade million families are destined to be dependent indefinitely upon in of their own too small to support them Such in comes will have to be supple mented by public money provided by taxation Furthermore said Hopkins it does not matter that a familys poverty may be due to the more or less willful failure of its head to care forit properly Even if so it must be adequately nour ished Society Has Duty Suppose Hopkins suggests that the head of a family does drink Suppose he is lazy and will not work when work is available Suppose he is in the Suppose he has just been elec trocuted leaving a destitutewife and several children The wife and children must not be left to semistarvation Surely no one will quarrel with this proposition The families of drunkards and bums and criminals are in hard luck It is up to society to do the best it can for them Millions in Hard Luck But the heads of as many as four or five million American fam ilies are not drunkards bums and criminals A large proportion of them are it as hard luck as are their fami lies They would do well by their families if they were able to They themselves are victims of a social economic system that their fami lies are subvictims of It is an old prohibition argu ment that drunkenness causes poverty the fact undoubtedly be ing that in a great majority of cases poverty causes drunkenness It is discouraging to a man to work if he cannot make a living by doing so Maybe a certain amount of criminality results from the hardships that folk of a cer tain class live under Should Be Attacked It would seem that the system should be attacked not its symp toms Yes the innocent children of a man who has been electrocuted should be supported They were not guilty But what can one expect from such children If an individual has been brought up on relief from the age of 2 or 3 to nearmaturity is it not natural for him to expect to live on relief permanently Is he not almost entitled to consider it his right to be publicly supported No Remedy for It Oh if his father was a drunkard or was electrocuted there is no remedy for it Society must do its best and take its chances But the system manifestly is faulty Harry L Hopkins however does not care a hoot for the sys tem Relief is his Hopkins is a confirmed weJtare worker And a good one But he is not much of an economist He prescribes for symptoms not for diseases ADMITS SCHOOL HAD NO PERMIT TO TAP GASLINE Believed Head of Company Did Not Particularly Object to It NEW LONDON perintendent W C Shaw a frail man torn with grief since the Lon don school blast killed 455 of his pupils and teachers and his own son broke down Monday during the testimony before a military court of inquiry and was taken from the witness stand to an ad joining room Shaw just had testified that al though the school had no definite authorization to tap a Parade Gasoline pipeline for gas to sup ply the school heating system he was of the opinion the com panys superintendentdid not particularly I dont know what they want to keep shooting these pictures Shaw said to Maj Gaston B How ard presiding officer of the court turning his head toward two ca meramen Appeals to Cameramen Major Howard asked the pho tographers to desist Then the major saw that Shaw was considerably shaken and sug gested that the superintendem might have a rest if he desired Stone Wells Rusk county district attorney assisted him to a cot Shaw told Captain Ed Clark court member believe the school board had placed the decision to use Parade Gas com pany gas in the minutes of their meeting I would have to go far back for some of he said I dont be lieve we even put that in the min Q You believe dont you that the company just didnt want to get compromised Not a Secret A I should think so It was not a secret at all We went down and made the connection It was not buried deep or anything The Unit ed Gas company knew it positive ly We told them Q Did they warn you there might be some danger connected with it A It was my understanding that after the connection was made they said there might be some danger But we saw through Wethought they just wanted the business They offered to make a test for us one night but didnt show up Inspected Other Plants Shaw said the school board de cided to buy gas instead of steam heat after it had inspected several such installations in east Texas He said the original plans were submitted to the state board of ed ucation which has a building ad visory board These plans were approved Shaw said before the change in radiation was made Q When the change was made did you resubmit the plans A No Q During the time the board considered the advisability of ty ing into the Parade line was there any reference to what you would do if you were disconnected by the Signing Homestead Tax Relief Gov Nilson G Kraschel is shown here signing into law the Iowa homestead Lax relief bill Left to right back of him Gen John H Mitchell Rep Roy Sours of Charles City sponsor the hill in the house and Senator Albert J Shaw of Pocahontas Iowa Daily Press Photo senate sponsor Parade Talked It Over A We talked it over with the United Gas they were reconciled by they said they would leave their connection and give us service in an hour or so and be glad to do so On the records was the asser tion of an oil company foreman that the gas used inheating tlie school was piped without his knowledge from his employers residue line and he felt certain without any proper authority Field Foreman D L Clark of the Parade Gasoline company gave the testimony which prompt ed J R Kern a school board member to retort in an interview that atleast one Parade official know of the gas pipeline connec tion He said Earl Glover su DES MOINES perintendent of the company was mately 200 teachers of economics J t Econ omics Teachers Will Meet in April will attend the annual three day conference of the Midwest Eco nomics association in Des Moines beginning April 15 Last Day for Paying Tax on 1936 Payroll DES MOINES P was the last day In which Iowa employers may pay the 1 per cent tax on 1936 payrolls before appli cation of penalties the Iowa un employment compensation com mission announced and added it was com mon knowledge in the vicinity of the No Warning Odor Gas used at the school came originally from the oil fields It had been stripped of Batural gasoline content before being sent back colorless and without a par ticularly warning odor through the line to which the school was connected Legislation is wearing passage Texas to inject color into heat ing gas as a safety measure We didnt make any effort to conceal our said Kern People all over this coun try make similar connections for their homes We told Mr Clover that we intended to tie on to his line He said the company tried to discourage such connections just as other companies do but he had no personal Afraid of Accidents Clark informed the military court that his company discour aged connections because of the possibility of legal entanglements in the event of accident Football Coach R L Moore touched on Shawsreaction to the tragedy in testimony with I saw the explosion from my home on a nearby hill The first person I saw was Mr Shaw He was staggering around the school holding his hands to his eyes and God those poor Legislative Probe Canceled State Senator Joe Hill repre senting a legislative committee at the hearing said a proposed legis 1 a t i v e investigation originally scheduled for Henderson Monday had been canceled We will use the record of the military board of inquiry for any information we want We couldnt go any deeper than the board of inquiry The ordeal of burying the dead was almost completed Throughout the Sabbath day thousands flocked to burial grounds near the derricked slopes At Pleasant Hill where the major ity were buried a vast throng gathered In some cases national guards men keeping order under martial law orders had to fill in as pall bearers Bury Wrong Child In one instance parents buried a child as their own only to learn later the little girl still was in a morgue The grave was opened again the child identified as that of another and reburial rites held Parents fainted at gravesides and emergency calls were broad cast by short wave for all nurses and strong men in nearby East Texas villages to respond Fifty nurses went to the scene and emergency first aid stations were established Scores of ministers went through the second day of intoning one tribute after another One of the most active was reported on the verge of collapse after his church had been crowded with dead and mourners By Artificial Light By artificial light generated by motor car they buried the dead Well past midnight parents still stood beside graves while work men tenderly lowered their bodies in rich oil land Grave diggers al ways halted their work while services were being held Sightseers were banned from the section and mourning rela tives and friends of the dead alone were permitted to travel into the tragedy ridden area Everyone everywhere sensed the sadness of the day All seemed in accord with Gov James V Allreds pleading Let us highly resolve that no such disaster shall ever again be visited upon any community or 1937IOWA AUTO DEATH TOLL 82 Violent Deaths Claim 13 in Iowa in WeekFive Killed in DES MOINES deaths claimed1 13 persons Violent DETROIT POLICE CONTINUETHEIR FACTORY RAIDS Ignore Threat of Citywide Strike as They Evict Sit Downers DETROIT threats of a citywide automotive strike if raids on striker held plants con tinued police Monday entered the plant of the Thomas P Henry Printing company and evicted strikers who have occupied the place since March 11 The strik ers surrendered peacefully Fifty policemen entered the printing plant at a m CST apparently taking the approxi mately 30 strikers by surprise The strikers were questioned at the plant Circuit Judge Homer Ferguson issued an order last week on the strikers to show cause why an in junction should not issue forbid ding them to occupy the plant Sheriff Too Busy An attorney for the company notified Judge Ferguson Saturday that Sheriff Thomas C Wilcox had been unable to serve notice of the court order because of the press of other duties and that the police had declined to eject the House Rejects Separate Iowa Motor Department Opposes 6928 Reinsertion of Provision Stricken Out by Senate DBS MOINES riding roughshod over proposals to cre ate new boards bureaus or com missions the Iowa house of rep resentatives Monday rejected by a topheavy vote a proposal to set up a new motor vehicle and motor patrol department entire ly independent of the office of secretary of state It voted 69 to 28 to reject an amendment by its committee on motor vehicles which proposed to reinsert1 in the regulatory act the same plan which the senate pre viously turned down The house also was prepared to hack into senate amendments adding 50 more men to the mo tor patrol system this year and a likenumber in 1938 Deaf to Pleas In rejecting the committee recommendation the house strikers Judge Ferguson continued a last week Included were tomobile accident and two men who were beheaded in an ex plosion of a makeshift heating system The weeks violent death list to taled the same as the previous week The auto accident victims boosted the years toll to 82 as compared with 61 for the corre sponding period a year ago Auto accident victims were Rob ert Dinsmore 46 HiUsboro Car roll Granzoiv 18 Owasa Mrs James Bowers Conrad Albert Rieman 76 Oakville and Thomas OConnor Sioux City Dewey Wheeler 40 and Elmer Anderson 45 ofBrooklyn were jeheaded when a makeshift water leater exploded Death of Mrs Allen Rich 32 Mount Pleasant was attributed to a fall on the ice five weeks ear Moines died 22 hours after being shot in what officers said was a confessed attempt to hijack li quor Warren Freie 36 Ogden died of injuries sustained while operating a buzz saw Mrs Joseph Duscher 58 Du buque ended her life by taking gas George S McCorkle 40 Palo stabbed himselffatally with a butcher knife Frank Herink of near Vining died after shooting himself Fire Razes Entire Village in Rumania BUCHAHEST Rumania Monday destroyed the en tire village of Bolsu 70 miles from here At least persons were made homeless when 300 houses burned Two children were injured ler Ernest Lindstrom 28 of Des scheduled hearing until Monday anddeclared that the police de power to eject ffie want to do Twenty minutes after the police arrived 28 strikers emerged car rying folding cots canned goods and other impedimenta of their 11 day occupation Not Under Arrest They were not placed under ar rest Some said they were going home Others said they were going to union headquarters Thomas P proprie tor said the plant would resume operation on an open shop basis and that applications for reem ployment would be considered from the strikers who he said ceased to be employes last The Henry plant has been non union Recognition of the Interna tional Typographical Union is the major strike issue Mayor Frank Couzens declared that the raids would continue on captive plants where the police had reason to believe nonem ployes were among the occupants He expressed doubt the workers would follow a leadership that would call a citywide automotive strife and said that a strike of workers who were just emerging from the depression would be in Organize Minute The U A W also disclosed the turned deaf ears on the plea of Representative R G Moore D of Dunlap and Representative B B Hickenlooper R of Cedar Rapids that to adopt the amend ment would not revise the pres ent setup except to divorce it from the office of secretary of state The amendment provided for the appointment of a commis sioner in charge at a salary of a year He would be named by the governor and approved by the senate and would serve for 4 years To further finance the department another amend ment wouldincreasethe drivers license fee from 25 to 50 cents Rep Dean W Peisen R of Eldora who told the house he would move to substitute his bill for a consolidation of all police and agencies into owe unit said the committee nrovi sion was merely building up an Too Much In two years he warned youll have a force of 350 offi cers treading on each others Rep Robert D Blue R of Eagle Grove challenged the ne cessity for a change as did Rep resentative H W Burma R of Allison After defeating the committee proposal the house took up an amendment by Representative G L Scott R of Fayette to amend the senate bill to provide for the addition of only 50 men in 1937 increasing the motor patrol force to 100 and with no provision for additional men in 1938 He fur ther proposes to reduce the su pervisory force from 22 to 14 Action Put Off Action in this move was de ferred as the house took a mid Plan Insanity Defense for Slayer of Girl 10 NEW insanity defense was planned Monday for Salvatore Ossido who police say has confessed 10 year old Einer Sporrer after enticing her into the rear of his Brooklyn bar ber shop j organization of I among members minute men along military day recess Action in the lower chamber The Weather FORECAST IOWA Snow or rain prob able Monday night and Tues day slightly warmer in extreme eastern portion Monday night MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness probably snow in south portion late Monday and Tuesday and in northwest Tues day not quite so cold in north portion Monday nirht IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Sunday 37 Above Minimum in Night 25 Above At 8 A M Monday 26 Above Snow Trace Figures for like period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Saturday 45 Above Minimum in Night 26 Above At 8 A M Sunday 29 Above North Iowa was given a snowy introduction to spring Monday morning The precipitation got un dBr way in the early hours in a gentle way At 8 oclock it wasnt measurable but beforethe fore noon had got well under way the ground had a real covering of white lines with the avowed purpose of protecting strikers and the right to A telegram from U A W offi cers of 29 Detroit locals said that because of a grave situation created by and the mayor in attacking tne right of strikers throughout the city the interna tional officers have decided to take decisive The telegram said that a gen eral strike may be and instructed local officers to ap point special strike committees but to take no strike action until instructed by Homer Martin president of the U A W The issue of sole bargaining rights continued to deadlock ne gotiations for a settlement of the strike in eight Chrysler corpora tion plants here with nearly workers idle To Propose Truce Leaders of the committee for in dustrial organization with which the W re ported to be ready again to pro pose atruce between thestrikers and the Chrysler corporation un der the termsofwhich the corpor ationwould be asked to agree in writing not to negotiate with any bargaining agency other than the U A W except with the approval of Governor Frank Murphy Since strikers occupying eight Chrysler plants have been in violation of a court injunction but Sheriff Wilcox gave no indication that he was prepar ing to attempt the service calling for the arrest of the strik ers The Michigan sheriffs associa tion through Jerome S Borden of secretary pf f er Sheriff Wilcox the assistance of on the vehicle bill was taken over the protests of Representa tive C L Rice D of Delta who wanted to sidetrack it for the time to dispose of the sales tax reenactment measure already passed by the senate Immediately before noon recess the senate passed a bill prohibiting operation of beer taverns within 300 feet of a state park or state board of control institution Ends Life by Gas DUBUQUE Joseph Duscher 58 ended her life by gas LOOK INSIDE FOR GEN HUGH S JOHNSON Urges Legislation to Curb Wartime Profit PAGE 2 FarmtoMarket Road Measure Is Explained PAGE 8 6 Year Public Works Program Considered PAGE 12 Mussolinis African Act Recalls Kaiser Wilhelm PAGE 4 COL 2 MENANEYWILL HEAD SIFTERS Mason Cityan to Be Named Chairman of House Committee Iowa Daily Press Bureau DES Morgan McEnaney Mason City will be named chairman of the sifting committee in the Iowa house next week it was learned on reliable authority Monday Speaker LaMar Foster will ap point the committee expected to be composed of nine members about Wednesday or Thursday The committee will determine the course of most of the legislation to come before the house in the dying days of the session The house calendar 160 bills listed on it at present will be taken over and only bills reported out by the group will be acted a suspension of the EFFICIENCY NOT TO BE AIDED BY ADDING JUDGES Wheeler Own Record as Liberal in Opposing Roosevelt Plan WASHINGTON Jus tice Hughes in a letter presented to the senate judiciary committea Monday by Senator Wheeler said that an increase in the number of supreme court jus tices would not promote the effi ciency of the The chief justice made it clear that he was commenting on an in crease from the standpoint of ef ficiencyand apart from any question of which he said do not Wheeler opening testimony in opposition to the Roosevelt court bill began by reading the Hughes letter which the chief justice said was approved by Justices Van De vanter and Brandeis Letter Creates SHr The letter created a stir among the big crowd which had assemr bled in the caucus room long be fore the hearing started to listen to the Montana democrat open the opposition to the court bilL Hughes was emphatic in his statement that the proposed in crease in the number o justices would not promote the efficiency of the It is he added that it would impair that efficiency so long as the court as a unit There would be more judges to hear more judges to confer more judges to discuss more judges to be convinced andto justices is thought to large enough so far as the prompt adequate and effi cient conduct of the work of court is concerned Questions of Policy As I have said I do not speak of any other considerations in view of the appropriate attitude of the court in relation to questions of policy I understand that it has been suggested thatwith more justices the court could hear cases in divi sions It is believed that such a plan would be impracticable A large proportion of the cases we hear are important and a decision by a part of the court would be Hughes letter was written to Wheeler in response to inquiries from the Montana senator with respect to tile work of the supreme Consults 2 Others The chief justice said that on account of the shortness of time I have not been able toconsult with the members of the court general ly but I am confident that it is in accord with the Views of the jus upon Only by rules which requires consent of twothirds of membership deputies to eject the Chrysler strikers Elsewhere on the strike front BETHLEHEM I O an nounced intention of demanding Bethlehem Steel recognize the union as bargaining agent for all Bethlehem employes R of 400 C I O members finds senti ment in favor of closing re tail stores in city NEW YORK Typographical union local votes support of C I O criticizes A F of policies WORK OF COMMUNISTS IN AUTO STRIKE PRAISED MOSCOW Redmill writing in the communist inter national magazine No Sunday praised the work of communists in the General Motors strike at Detroit and Flint Mich During the entire he said communists were active in a leading role They conducted many sided work in helping strik ers collected money and carried out demonstrations of solidarity The communist party through its central organ the New York Daily Worker gaveradvice on how to struggle and in many instances this advice was 4 will a representative succeed in withdrawing a bill from the sift ing group and placing it on the new calendar The committee usually consists of one representative from each of the nine congressional districts Yager Spirit Lake and William J Dreesen Breda are expected to be among the ap pointees DressUp For EASTER 5 Shopping Days Left should say he added that I have been able to consult with Mr Justice Van De vanter and Mr Justice Brandeis and I am at liberty to say that the statement is approved by Hughes began his letter with a statement that the supreme court is fully abreast of its Hughes struck back at testimony before the committee by Attorney General Cummings that the court had toomuch work on for certiorari for its present mem bership to handle properly Work Is Laborious Without mentioning by name be said the work of passing upon these applications for certiorari is laborious but court is able to perform it ade An application for certiorari is a request that the supreme court review a decision of a lower court Observations have Hughes added as lothe number of pages of records End briefs submitted in the course of a terni The total is im posing but the suggested conclu sion is hasty and jrests on an illu sory In his almost chief justice made it plain courtdid not wish to injectits views into the proposalof President Roose veltto into the j judiciary to obtain more liberal decisions With Procedure I Most of the letter dealt with procedure on applications lor I tiorari which have been the cen fter of much of the controversy in the hearings Wheeler appeared at the com mittee room half an hour thesessions began He toM news papermen etultantly about bii letter from the chief justice ex pressing confidence it wouldcar ry great weight in the courtdis pute I The statemmt ;