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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER TED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION Associated Pres and Press One Afons Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor The No 1 Problem in World Economics W ist any secret that Americas agricultural prosperity these past 10 years or so has bottomed Pretty heavily on the vast ship ments of foodstuffs sent by our nation to the other countries of the world Largely the world war accounts for what has happened During the actual waging of the war these enormous exports were apart of the war effort and in cluded by our government as one of the costs of winning a war Our farmers geared their produc tive machinery to new and unbe lievable levels In the time since the fighting ceased in allied victory our nation has evolved a vast program aimed at Europes recovery and not less important at keeping western Europe out of communisms clutches This program is usually referred to as the Marshall plan Weve Paid the Bill The mark of all this vast pro gram of relief for the world has been the fact that it has been largely almost exclusively fin anced by American money It was American doUars that made it possible for the remainder of the world to buy our agricultural commodities Obviously this is a condition which cannot go on forever Rich as our country is it cannot con tinue indefinitely this practice of MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 21 This Paper Consists of Two tit DISTINGUISHED NEIGHBOR M More than 2500 swarmed over Central park waited nearly an hour for the huge caravan of the avan o e Forest City basketball team Sunday afternoon The In dians runnersup in the state tourney received a rousinl cheer and words of welcome from Mayor Howard E Brue GlobeGazette Pholo rpl The celebration here sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce was one of 3 in North Iowa Others were at Belmond and Garner before the team reached home where a victory program was held The Mason City high school band furnished the music here ladling out its wealth and re sources without some kind of fuel with which to keep its pro ductive machinery in operation Theres the further fact too that the fundamental aim of all our world relief efforts has been to bring about a condition in which the countries helped by us in their time of dire need will be able to help themselves Among other things this means feeding them selves Scene Is Shifting At this time there are signs that our world market synthetically created is to be less dominant in the years just ahead as a determin er of Americas agricultural pros perity than has been the case dur ing the past decade One of these signs is the reduced prices for farm commodities All of this brings us face to face with some sobering questions One of these is whether a long range program can be worked out under which Americas enormous food potential can be at one profit able to our farmers and a boon to mankind Economic Question No 1 A consideration of this question throws into focus what has ever been mankinds most pressing economic problem that of provid ing ample food for growing population the worlds More than a few contemporary authors among them William Vogd in his Road to Survival have taken an extremely dim view of a satisfactory solution to this problem They question the earths productive potential to meet this r assignment Others however less enamored of the fatalistic hypothesis enunci ated by Thomas Malthus a couple of centuries ago believe that the problem is one of getting the food from where it is grown into the stomachs of those Pleads Not Guilty to Spy Charge Washington Cop Ion 27y e a rold former govern ment girl pleaded innocent Mon day to a charge that she took se cret security information from justice department files She made her plea before U S District Judge Richmond B Keech after traveling here from New York to surrender on a Dis trict of Columbia grand jury in dictment alleging such removal Miss Coplon is also under indict ment in New York on an espion age charge The New York indict ment charges she conspired to pass secret information to Valentin A Gubitchev Russian engineer at United Nations headquarters She was released in New York under bond After receiving Miss Coplons plea Judge Keech fixed additional bond for her at No Administration Congress Split Is Seen by President Washington Tru man Monday denounced trouble makers who talk of a rift between him and congress He said he and congress are working together for the good of the country In an address to the United States conference of mayors the president also made a blistering new attack on the real estate lobby He said it is opposing his housing and rent control program and is the real enemy of the American home This lobby wont succeed he declared and predicted passage of his housing program complete with public housing and slum clearance Set Up Howl who must have it 2 Prongs to Question For American agriculture the Waterloo Bacon Goes to Ottumwa Des Moines Edna Lawrence of Ottumwa the city whose team brought home the bacon from the state high school basketball tournament got the real article in the legislature Mon day Rep James G Armstrong R told the house that both Waterloo and Ottumwa are fa mous for the ham and bacon pro duced at their packing plants and both cities had teams in the state tournament at Iowa City last week But it was Ottumwa that brought home the bacon Arm strong he presented Mrs Lawrence with a package of it Rep Fred Schwengel RDav also congratulated Mrs Lawrence on the Ottumwa victory Ottuinwa upset Davenport the tourney favorite on the way to the state championship problem presents itself on 2 levela ill I the longterm level in which mCKenlOOper North Atlantic Pact worldwide solution will be th goal and the shortterm or pres ent level in which it must decid what to do right now in the fac of a shrinking export market An aspect of world trade which many proponents of free trad overlook is that there must b mutual benefits if commerce be tween nations is to flourish Thi buyer must also sell Oneway trade as Rep S61 Bloom pointed out in one of the last articles writ ten before his death just won work A Case in Point This fundamental rule as Ive pointed out many times in the past is operative in our trade re lationships with Latin America Except for a few exclusive items such as sugar coffee and bananas Latin America produces the same things we produce in surplus for the world market Our manufacturers would like to peddle their wares in Latin America on a big scale But theyre barred by the fact that the Latins must sell if theyre to buy And America doesnt have need for their commodities other than the ones mentioned Europe on theother hand com plements rather than competes with the Latin America economy Europe has need for the raw ma terials which Latin America pro duces in abundance Latin Amer ica has need for the manufactured goods which Europe used to and will again produce in abundance That makes for profitable trade on the part of both parties Faced With Realities It follows therefore that until means can be found to abro gate this old rule of international trade our aspiration to get the CONTINUED ON PAGE Z Washington Hick enldoper RIowa was one of 55 senators who said in an Associated Press poll that they were inclined to favor the principle of the North Atlantic security pact Senator Gillette DIowa was among those who refused to say how they are presently inclined to vote It seems that whenever I make a recommendation to congress many newspapers and columnists set up a howl about the president trying to dictate tp the congress Mr Truman told the 600 mayors of major cities And then if the congress makes any decision that varies at all from my recommendations these same troublemakers start agleeful chorus about how the congress has thrown the whole democratic pro gram overboard Some Differences Of course I differ with the ac tions of the congress on some points and where these differences are important I shall continue to urge the course I think is right But basically the congress and the president are working together and will continue to work to gether for the good of the country We are going to agree on a lot more things than we disagree on And when the final score for this congress is added up some of the selfish pressure groups are going to be pretty badly disappointed FEW Asks Vote at Chicago Plant Chicago executive board of a CIO United Farm Equipment Workers local Monday asked for an election to show that International Harvester workers want no part of the UAW The national CIO executive board last fall ordered the 2 un ions merged but the FEW which holds contracts in 12 Harvester plants contends its members are opposed to a merger The election would be held by the national la bor relations board Bandits Take in Pens Pencils Janesville Wis UR Four masked gunmen who smashed a truck into the Parker Pen com pany shipping department tied up the night watchman and escaped with worth of pens and pencils were sought Monday throughout Wisconsin and north ern Illinois Authorities believed the men were headed toward Chi cago James Broderick the watchman told police he was in a small room near the shipping dock when he heard a loud crash as the bandits drove through the large truck door Ashe ran toward the dock a ban dit confronted him with a gun and told him to stop where you are Then they made me go back in the office and threw me down on a piece of cardboard he said They bound me up with cord a small chain and some wire and gagged me with a dirty cloth He said 3 men took turns cover ing him with pistols Meanwhile they worked efficiently loading their truck with cardboard car tons of pens and pencils stacked on the loading dock and in store rooms The 4th man apparently remained in the truck as a look Government Parties Win French Votes Paris UR Gen Charles De Uaulles party emerged from the French departmental elections Monday as the nations strongest single political group The De Gaullist vote failed however to defeat the combined strength of the 4 government coal Seeks Powers for Truman on Prices ition parties which once again blocked De Gaulles return to power Final unofficial returns from Sundays little general elections showed the 4 government parties won 334 of the 712 seats decided for the departmental or county councils Of these the socialists won 126 radical socialists 155 popular re publicans 35 and republican party of liberty 18 De Gaulles rally of the French people won 171 seats Xhe communists won 16 indepen dent republicans won 152 and smaller parties won 39 Gives Up on Fight for Liquor Bill Senate Approves Funds for Mental Patients in County Hospitals Des Moincs Rep Edward Burlmgame Mon day gave up his plan to fight the recommendation of the Iowa house liquor committee for indefinite postponement of his bill to legal ize liquor by the drink Burlingame said he changed his mind about asking the house to re ject the committee report because le could not count on enough sup port He said quite a few rep resentatives from large cities reared that if they supported the liquor by the drink measure the house would have to call out for consideration a bill to give coun ties local option on beer sales Burlingames decision was con sidered likely to kill the liquorby thedrink issue at this session The senate passed and sent to Soviet Organ Says Finland Breaks Treaty Moscow official soviet organ accused Finland Monday of violating the peace treaty and warned the Finns that the only way they could get along was by being friendly with Russia The soviet attack on Finland was printed by the Leningrad Pravda organ of the Leningrad soviet It was 3 columns long and presented a bill of particulars government of A Fogerholm against the Finns The coalition Premier Karl formed last year ifter communist party lost ground in parliamentary elections was charged with pursuing a deliber ately worsening Russia attitude toward toward a year to pay a week care of mental patients out They broke in about p m and drove away about 20 minutes later he said 3 Killed in Auto Wrecks One lowan Dies in OutofState Crash By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three lowans were killed Wont Department of Public Welfare Education Created Washington new cabi netrank department of public welfare and education and a con troversial merger of federal medi cal care under one agency were recommended Monday by the Hoover commission The proposed establishment of an independent united medical administration was expected to raise a storm of criticism The American Legion and vet erans of foreign wars already have condemned this plan which would strip from the armed forces and he veterans administration their continentwide network of hos pital facilities High Cost But the Hoover group declared he present scattering of medical ervices among 40 federal offices makes for high cost duplication nd in the case of the military inadequate care It noted that he government is responsible wholly or in part for treating 24 00000 persons Actually the commission itself plit sharply on the medical plan t mustered unqualified support rom only half the members of the 12man government reform group including the chairman former President Herbert Hoov er Retiring Defense Secretary For restal abstained from voting be cause of his official position Five others filed dissents but dif fered among themselves as to a proper solution No Name Suggested The commission suggested no name for the cabinetrank depart ment of welfare and education but thats the title it is generally ex pected to get if it is created The new department the commission proposed should embrace federal social security activities the office of education and most other serv ices now lodged in the federal se curity administration Further it was urged the de partment should take over the bu reau of Indian affairs now under the interior department If the Hoover plan is adoptel by congress it would place in presi dent Trumans cabinet his friend and political ally Federal Secur ty Administrator Oscar R Ewing Crash Victims Are Rescued Airplane Wrecked on Mountain Side Calderwood Tenn injured survivors of a plane crash on a snowcovered mountain 3 days ago were picked up by a heli copter Monday and flown out to safety and medical care The little plane shuttled up and down the slopes of Hanover moun tain and in 3 hours brought the 3 men and a woman one by one to this crossroads landing in a corn field They were taken by ambu lance to Maryville Tenn 30 miles away Pilot J N Newcomb 28 of Glendale Cal a wartime B17 pilot over Europe performed the tricky feat of landing in high shifty winds on a tiny patch of land hacked clear by a ground party which reached the crash vic tims Sunday night After the days 6th trip how ever he gave up plans to evac uate a doctor who had dropped with supplies from a rope ladder The ground rescuers began mak ing their way here on foot Newcomb was called to the scene when it became obvious that the injured 3 men and a woman could not be taken out by land Rescue work began when a 5th survivor made his way on foot to automobile accidents over the weekend one in an outofstate crash Erwin Shannon 20 Muscatine was killed Sunday east of Colum bus Junction on highway 92 when the car in which he was riding went out of control L E Larry Fenlon 54 an Iowa Power Light company official was killed Saturday in a 2car collision on highway 6 west of Stuart Charles C Hamlin 82 of Rock Rapids was killed in the colli sion of a truck and automobile 3 miles west of Marion Ohio Sat urday Sheriff Robert Lewis of Wapel lo said Fay T Hidlebaugh 21 of Muscatine was being held with out charge in the Columbus Junc tion death pending an inquest Monday He said Hidlebaugh driver of the car apparently at tempted to pass another car and that his automobile went out of control Fenlons death came in the col lision of his car and a jeep which was towing a house trailer His car apparently went out of con trol on a curve transferred from state hospitals to county homes for custodial care Senator Herman Knudson R Clear Lake principal author of the bill said it was hoped to save a year by transferring 1500 chronic insanity or senility cases who are beyond hope of re covery out of the overcrowded hospitals The 43 to 3 vote on the bill followed sharp debate The house passed 99 to 0 and sent to the senate a bill appropri ating a year for the next bienmum to the board of social welfare for old age assistance aid to dependent children and other forms of relief The amount is in addition to in Iowa li quor profits alloted to old age as sistance The house also passed a bill ap propriating to the veter ans bonus board to pay adminis trative costs pending outcome of a court suit tetsing the World war II veterans bonus law The house voted 92 to 4 to stand ardize the extradition law in line with one now in effect in 33 other states Under present stat utes the state can onlj request ex tradition of persons who have com mitted a felony in Iowa The houseapproved measure expands the law to include indictable mis punishable by a jail sentence a telephone Sunday and summoned aid WINS CHESS MEET Des Moines A B Cook Waterloo scoring 4fc points out of a possible 5 won the Iowa chess championship here Sunday night SAME Black tlmt Bieans traffic la Truman Gives Real Reason for Photo Ban Washington e s i d e n t Truman says it is safer for him at home if he isnt photographed in bathing trunks Mrs Truman wont stand for it And that he says is the real reason why white house aides in sisted they must seize a batch of informal pictures made of the president and friends last week when he was vacationing at Key West Fla Mr Truman talked about it at the dinner last Saturday night of the White House News Photogra phers association It was not censorship he said with a grin but a safety measure so I could come home He said a picture like that was taken in 1946 in Bermuda and Mrs Truman has regarded it ever since as a disgrace to the family FIRM FOUNDER DIES F a i r f i e 1 d XP William H George 88 founder of the Dexter Washing Machine Co in 1900 died at his home here Saturday George retired from the company in 1925 FEW Leaders Meet at Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids of the national executive board of the CIO Farm Equipment Work ers were due here Monday to make preliminary plans for the unions oday convention opening Friday Chief issues at the convention were expected to be the national CIOs order for a merger of the Farm Equipment Workers and the CIO United Auto Workers and a tentative F E W proposal for a 7hour workday Officers will be elected Sunday Finland is within the orbit of keen attention by AngloAmerican imperialists who are hoping to draw this country into a contem plated antisoviet military bloc and trying to convert north Eu rope including Finland into a springboard for a new World war Leningrad Pravda said Protestants Hold Meeting in Chicago Chicago nations out standing Protestant clergymen and lay leaders meet Monday to set up plans for promoting the program of the World Council of Churches in this country Presided over by Bishop G Bromley Oxnam American presi dent of the council and Methodist bishop of New York the religious leaders gathered at their first conference of U S member churches since the World Council was organized at Amsterdam last year As one of the 6 presidents of the council Oxnam will speak Mon day night at a public meeting giv ing a summary of council activi ties since the Amsterdam assem bly disbanded One of the chief purposes of the delegates to implement the sweeping program of spiritual so cial and economic reform recom mended by the World Council at Amsterdam in its controversial re port on The Church and the Dis order of Society A highlight at the meeting will be a speech at a luncheon Tuesday by Charles P Taft Protestant Episcopal lay leader from Cincin nati and brother of Senator Rob ert P Taft Taft will discuss the clause in the World Councils report which condemned communism and capitalism equal ly as causes of world chaos r OMahoney Says Costs Rise Again TdftClaims US Economy Fairly Welt Balanced By JACK BELL Washington OMa honey DWyo contended Mon day that prices are going up again He therefore urged congress to give President Truman the mild powers he said the administration seeks to fight inflation The Wyoming senator took indi rect issue with Senator Taft R who said that the economy is in fairly good balance OMa honey heads the senatehouse economic committee a job Taft used to have when the republicans controlled congress Since February 8 when Leon Keyserling a member of the pres idents economic council and other advisers testified before his committee OMahoney said the curve of prices has been upward And if we dont give the presi dent these mild powers he asks so that the government can be ready to meet any crisis we may find ourselves in a delicate situa tion Control Aim OMahoney noted in this con nection that the administrations proposed price controls are aimed at keeping prices from going above their December 1948 peak The senator said the pressure of government spending alone is con tributing to keeping prices high He mentioned the high military outlay as an instance of necessary spending which cant be cut much In addition OMahoney noted that many of the states are pro posing record budgets and calling for increased tax receipts just as President Truman asked for a tax rise DROP TO SAFETY New York Sadie Barrett 28 calmly dropped her 4 small children one at a time into a firemens net Sunday when her 3rd floor apartment caught fire Then she leaped to safety herself None was injured OMahoney said he thinks it im portant for congress to boost taxes as soon as possible Might Support Rise Taft said in a separate interview that he may support a tax rise if there is any substantial govern ment deficit on July 1 The Ohioan did not define sub stantial although President Tru man has forecast that the govern ment will run at least in the red in the year ending June oO But Taft said he doesnt think there is any need for the standby pricewage and other controls for which the president asked We are in pretty much of a stable economy if prices just stay where they are he said Wages and prices generally seem to be in pretty good relationship to each other and farm prices are im KnmoirViof up somewhat BTJNCHE TO SPEAK Grinnell Ralph Bundle acting mediator of the United Na tions security council will among speakers at the Institute of Internatioiial Affairs at Grinnell UNION REPRESENTATIVES CHECK OVER G E Leighty right of St Louis who headed a group of railroad unions representatives and the unions attorney Lester P Schoene of Washington D C go over some pa pers m a Chicago hotel room Sunday after the nations railroads and their 16 nonoperating unions settled their dlsputeUnder terms of the settlement the 1000000 employes who do not run trains get a 40hour week for all but yardmasters plus a 7cent wage increase Grinnell college June 1012 The confer ence will discuss problems of middle east Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow flurries Mon day night ending early Tuesday morning Colder Monday night and Tuesday with low Monday night near 28 High Tuesday 30 to 32 Iowa Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with showers east and central portions Monday night and extreme east portion Tues dayColder Tuesday and in northwest portion Monday night Low Monday night 35 northwest to 45 southeast Minnesota Snow sleet or freezing ram north and rain changing to snow south portion Monday A little colder Monday Tuesday snow flurries and colder Present indications snow will be heavy over much of southern half of state IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 77 Minimum 34 At 8 a m Monday 44 Precipitation 04 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 35 GlobeGazette weather for 24 hour period ending at 8 a TO Sunday Maximum 34 Minimum sg At 8 a m Sunday 14 YEAR AGO Maximum gj Minimum u ;