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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCJARTUENT KISTORV MOINES VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased INSIDE WASHINGTON Senator Vandenburg Gets Assurance of Free Hand By HELEN ESSARV Central Press Columnist are saying around about that The assurance of Freedom of Action at the April 25 San Fran cisco peace meeting sent to Ar thur Vandenberg chairman of the senate republican conference was received in writing In very definite writing So determined was the Michi gan senator not to be put into the position of bavins to support a preconceived plan for peace making that he awaited a letter from the president assuring him he would have a free hand as a j delegate and not be bound to sup port commitments about which I he knows nothing Wtien the white house letter ar rived done in terms which could not the senator planned to accept the invitation for the conference MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 21 1945 m CLOSE NEW SAARLAND TRAPS Carrier Planes Japanese Fleet YANKS CRIPPLE Since the conquest of most of U S Pacific Fleet Headquar the Philippine islands by Gen Douglas MacArthur you are like to see the muchfoughtover islands in your minds eye as glorious spots made up of patri otism smiling Filipinos radiant Americanos and strong trium phant soldiery Such is not the case so J hear from people who know their south Pacific bases Actually the Phil ippines are a shambles after the fighting and destruction Food is incredibly scarce What food there Is is of such poor quality that practically everybody is suffering i planes Sunday and from malnutrition damaged well over 100 more There is great danger from the diseases that always flourish with war And that isnt ly the islands are in a terrible fix Every littleguerrilla captain wants to be president Many of the aspirants are prepared to fight for the chance 17 WARSHIPS IN QUICK ATTACK Combat Losses of Planes Very Light No U S Ships Sunk ters Guam least 17 Japa nese warships including a 45000 ton superbattleship and 8 aircraft carriers were crippled Monday by more than 1000 American car rier planes which hunted down the bulk of the enemy home fleet hiding in Nippons 240milelong inland sea The audacious raiders from Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers worlds largest task force penetrating a hitherto untouched area which Japan considered safe for her navy also destroyed 475 enemy seriously and others minor blows as the Jerry Klutz has written that each 256page volume of the new 52000000 census bureau publica tion on women and chfld bearing weighs at least a pound When I learned that Mr Klutz had taken to the scales in computing the value of government treatises I hurried the handbook just got out by Clothing CplSectioa to rriyown scales and carefully Promptly the hand swims to a shade over 16 ounces Sixteen ounces of valuable or what 1 supposed was valuable paper printing charting and illustrating bound carefully in some sort of transparent plastic all to be used as a handout in the UNHRA cloth ing collectiondrive rverolten wondered where cer tain people get the paper that is said to be so short Various exiled foreign governments in cluding Belgium the Netherlands and Norway distribute elaborate national magazines regularly Quite noticeable these issues They are done in expensive print on expensive paper and are ex pensively illustrated The booklet of the UnitedNa tional Clothing Collection organi zation of which Henry J Kaiser ship builder and promoter extra ordinary is national chairman is really something quite special It is a gem of a booklet Ive never seen any booklet of peace or wartime that showed more elegance or greater expen diture Clever charts are done in 4 colors Color printing everybody knows costs money So does the art work that goes into the draw ing of the UNCC charts and Iheii figures The binding of the booklet as I said before is really colossal and mnst have added enormously to the already high cost of publica tion Id really like to know how much the booklet did cost The pocket on its back flap containing a little nest of folders must have used np more than 1 or 2 pretty Pennies Certainly give your old clothes to war victims I can think of no worthier charity I hope the drive beginning April 1 and running to April 30 for overseas war relief has the success it deserves But I do question the wisdom of any relief organization spend ing as much as this booklet and like fal de rals must cost Such lavish goingson naturally con fuse the simple citizen While so is likely to wonder If the UIvCC can afford to spend so much what help can possibly need from me they 8th Army Improves Positions in Italy Rome army troops in the Adriatic sector improved their positions northwest of Ra with a local advance in the Mezzano area Tuesday Other wise activity along the Italian front was limited to patrol opera tions allied headquarters said Wednesday Increased activity of Italian pa triots in Germanheld northern Italy was reported and a 15th army group communique quoted a captured enemy officer as say ing the nazis often were forced to use a whole regiment to com bat partisan attacks on supply dumps and troop movements Not one American warship was sunk although one was damaged sustained Japanese homebased airforce sent wave on wave against Mitschers armada All ships moved away under their own power Combat losses of the carrier planes were extremely light These first fragmentary accounts of the most daring naval action of the Pacific war were pieced to gether Wednesday from a pre liminary report ot Adm Raymond A Spruance of the U S 5th fleet and first hand accounts of pilots given to Associated Press Corres pondent Hamilton W Faron with Mitschers task force The ayersvrWho swept over Ja pans major naval bases and scores of air bases assigned to defend themtold Faron their bombs and rockers smashed into A battleship of the Yamato class the 45000ton Musashi was sunk last October in the battle of Leyte gulf in the and her sister ship the Yamato was dam aged They were Japans 2 biggest battleships A battleship converted info a big aircraft carrier Three large aircraft carriers Four small escort type carriers A heavy cruiser A light cruiser Four destroyers A destroyer escort A submarine In addition six small surface craft including one oiler were sunk Seven others including Z oilers and 4 large cargo ships probably were sunk Farons atthescene figures were a bit more definite than those in a navy communique listing 15 to 17 enemy warships damaged 6 small freighters sunk and 7 freighters damaged although the totals coincided The carrier planes cratered air fields attacked airplane factories destroyed plane hangars arsenals oil stores and workshops The Japanese warships identi fied by Adm Chester W Nimitz as Ahe principal units of the Japa nese fleet scurried for shelter as the raiders bored in Mitscher did just what Adm William F Halsey said would have to be done to the Japanese fleet He went in after it His planes scored the first tell ing blow on Nippons navy since the enemy was routed off Leyte gulf and in adjacent waters of the Philippines with 24 warships sunk 13 probably sunk and 21 damaged The Sunday and Monday toll of more than 575 enemy planes de stroyed or damaged in action ex tending from Kyushu to Honshu made a total of 1400 accounted for over Japan by carrier attacks Mitschers carrier air arm knock ed out 882 during 2 raids in the Tokyo area last February The Monday toll of 30 ships sunk or damaged was added to the 77 battered in the February assaults The Mitscher planes had con centrated Sunday on knocking out enemy air bases barring approach to the heavily fortified inland sea bounded by the islands of Ky ushu Shikoku and the western end of Honshu Then he moved his task force northeast and turned his planes loose against the very heart of Japans dwindling naval power Tokyo said 1400 American planes participated from 15 aircraft car riers They swarmed over a maze of Japanese strongholds such as Kobe Japans No 1 shipbuilding penter and leading port and Sure major naval base The incomplete reports of the lavy specified few targets But the planes were within attacking range of such points as Yawata Navy Follows Army Lead Orders Personnel to Obey Byrnes Midnight Curfew York City to 1 a m LaGuardia continued to the hour of tolerance which he granted night spots and theaters He said of President Roosevelt who spoke in favor of midnight closing Tuesday hes running the country Im just running the cily Rear Adm Monroe Kelly 3rd naval district commandant an nounced that naval peisontiel in amusement places after midnight would be notified by shore police that they were violating the cur few Navy Secretary James V For restal said a short time earlier that he would approve any action taken by Kelly The war depart ment ordered soldiers Tuesday night lo stay out of amusement places after midnight The war department move in terpreted as the governments first countermeasure against La Guartlias curfew extension was put into effect here Tuesday night The first inkling anyone had of the order was when military po navy following the armys lead Wednesday 3 observe the nationwide midnight amuse yor f H LaGuardia has extended in New lice suddenly appeared in the plush confines of the Stork club army personnel and ordered all to leave The 2nd service command then confirmed that a midnight cur few enforcement order had been issued and a few minutes later in Washington the war depart ment announced that all service commands had been instructed to live up to the letter and spirit of War Mobilizcr James F Byrnes curfew request Although the order was issued to all service commands it ob viously was aimed at Xew York City where Mayor La Guardia has authorized the 1 a m closing Officials at naval shore patrol headquarters here said no sim ilar order had been issued by the navy President Roosevelt indicated at a press conference Tuesday in Washington that he favored con tinuation of the midnight curfew but he said he hadnt considered taking any steps to bring New York City back in line What could I do he asked reporters Meanwhile the verbal lacing being administered to Mayor La Guardia by various of his col leagues continued unabated In the city council Tuesday he was called a dictator a law violator and a man who has put the cily of New York to shame and ridi cule Stanley Isaacs republicanin dependent accused the doughty little mayor of indefensible law and James A Phillips democrat said the mayor was not only violating the law and making fools of the council but is also sabotaging the war effort Councilman Hugh Quinn asked the council to appeal to Gov Thomas E Dewey for removal of the mayor on grounds that he had violated the citys curfew law IsTo action was taken A 2nd service command spokes man said military police had been instructed lo visit night clubs bars road houses theaters and other places of amusement to ZHOKOV CLOSES IN TO BEGIN STETTIN SIEGE Probes Many Places Along Oder River in Preparation for Assault Moscow first White Russian army now in possession of virtually the entire east bank of the Oder from the Baltic to its confluence with the Neisse crowd ed siege artillery to the very edge of Stettin Wednesday after wip ing out the enemys Altdamm bridgehead The menace to Berlin grew hourly as Marshal Gregory K Zhukov probed many places along the river seeking springboards for his next big attack east and northeast of ruined Berlin Marshal Ivan S Konev still is engaged in liquidating trapped garrisons in Breslau and Glogau on the upper Oder but has moved additional units of his first Ukraine army group to Neisse line southeast ofBerlin In East Prussia Marshal Alex ander M Vasilevsky for 2years chief of staff of the red army was staging the final kill in a dwind ling German pocket along the coast southwest of Koenigsberg Disclosure that Vasilevsky had taken over the 3rd White Rus sian army front after the battle death of Gen Ivan Chernaikhov sky was made in Marshal Stalins order of the Jay Tuesday salut ing the capture of Braunsberg one of 2 German bastions in tin pocket Vasilevskys seizure of Brauns berg gathered 4000 prisoners into the bag That figure is expected to be more than duplicated when the nest of resistance in nearbv Heiligenbeil is crushed Zhukov took Altdamm with one fierce lunge after a series of hard actions had reached this suburb less than 5 miles from Stettin proper Front dispatches said an aviation engine factory with more than 1000 new engines intact an airplane assembly plant and a torpedo factory were among the booty As in Kolberg last week Rus found German dead hanging from makeshift gallows at Attdamm An Izves 1ANK POURS MACHINE GUN FIRE ON machine gunner of the 87th division 3rd U S armv lies sprawled in debris as he hoses machine gun fire into a liouse m Coblenz in which German soldiers are posted AP wuephoto SENATE DEFERS GAS TAX ACTION Say Amendment Makes Radical Changein Bill Des Moines senate on motion ol Senator J G Lucas R Wednesday deferred ac tion until Thursday on a house amendment which would raise the state gasoline tax from three to four cents a to provide ad ditional revenue for secondary roads and municipal streets The deferrment was approved after the senate had defeated 35 to 13 a motion by Senator George Faul R Des Moines to post pone action until Monday The amendment by the house represents a very radical depart ure from the original senate bill and I think it is only fair that we should have a few days to study the change and lo make such plans for amendments as we may see said The original senate bill provided merely for an increase from one and onefourth to two mills in the optional levy for secondary road maintenance The controversial house amendment incorporating the gasoline tax increase was ap proved in that chamber Tuesday Ol 7000 Allied Planes Blast Nazi Targets london MF rAllied ripped Germany from dawn to dusk WeBricsday with explosives from 7000 warplanes including 2000 heavy bombers which un leashed one of the greatest co ordinated attacks of the war The 4engined bombers from Britain attacked the reich in re lays whiletactical aircraft from continental bases mauled German troops reeling from the American advance toward the Rhine Still another fleet of U S 15th air force formations from Italy assaulted nazi communica tions in Austria In the smoke blanketed Ruhr valley railroads highways and bridges were struck steadily with shells rockets and bombs In morning raids 2000 TI S bombers and fighters hammered 9 airfields in northwestern Ger many and i a tank factory at Plauen 10 miles from the Czecho slovak border and British planes Yanks Join Filipinos on Panay Manila American troops linked with strong Filipino guer rilla forces on Panay Wednesday in an offensive that burst into the suburbs of burning Iloilo and swept through more Mhan 250 square miles of the island The lightning strikes of Maj Gen Kapp Brushs 40th division which threw the Japanese into d sorder on Panays south central plams ripped through 3 key road towns and tumbled Mandurriao airdrome with its big 4500 foot and runway The rapidly developing eam Panay sixth aigest of the Philippines was disclosed in Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique which also revealed new important gains on Luzon continuation of neutralizing r attacks on Formosa and Japans shipping lanes in the China sea Brushs seasoned troops over ran Japanese machine gun points and small arms resistance in a 2 pronged offensive that carved out a beachhead 18 miles deep and 14 miles wide on Panays southern One column raced 7 miles in one day along the hardsurface coastal road captured the 7 span Carpen ters bridge across the Iloilo river and stormed into the suburbs of the capital already aflame from large fires The extent of the blazes indi cated the Japanese were attempt ing the same destruction of Iloilo and its 90000 inhabitants as they did at Manila At the same time Brushs sec ond force speared inland to seize Jamuay 18 miles north northeast of Hollo From there it made a sharp turn to the east raced 7 miles to the big road junction of rolotab continned anotherS miles eastward to capture Baro tac Nuevo miles northeast of Iloilo The drive inland enabled the American troops to join with Pa nays strong guerrilla forces said to be the best organized in the Philippines At Pototan 17 i miles north northeast Iloilo Brushs troops had only a little more than 30 miles to go through the flat cen tral plain to reach the north coast and split the Japanese forces on Panay MacArthurs communique dis closed that bombers fighters and light naval units presumably PT boats again hit Cebu and Negros 2 of the last 3 major islands still controlled by the Japanese The islands together with Bohol the last of the 3 are nestled in be tween Panay and Americanheld Leyte OnLuzon 2 columns of Ameri struck a large oil refinery at an and Filipino guerril las opened a big pincers drive on Baguio former Philippines sum Bremen U S fighters downed at least 9 nazi jet planes near Plauen and mer capital and headquarters of ju iuo inai nuueu dllU T f rr destroyed 40 planes around at 7 e Yamashitas various airfields j Japanese forces in the archipel cause I fought badly The corpses of executed civilians had a sign saying J was liahged because I evacuated Far to the south at the lower form proprietors and military per cnd the eastern front 2 more Russian army groups sonnel of the new order After the military police en tered the Stork club a represent ative of the taxpayers union of the city of New York called po lice to the scene and demanded the arrest of Sherman Billingsley club owner tor mid night closing The police politely declined and the unions spokesman said he would go to court Wednesday and seek a summons against Bil lingsley During all this hubbub Mayor La Guardia remained secluded No one could reach him for com ment home of the huge Imperial Iron and Steel Works Tokyo radio broadcast the un confirmed claim that more than 180 American planes were shot down In 2 days and 14 warships sunk or damaged The preliminary American re ports of the 2day achievements against the enemy airforce listed 200 shot down and 275 wiped out on the ground More than 100 were damaged in the first days attack a com munique said and a large num ber damaged in the 2nd days at tacks The Mitscher planes swept over such an extensive area that it even is possible they hit Sascbo reported by Berlin to be driv ing toward the mountainous area of southern Germany and Aus tria where the nazis according lo some reports may make a final stand after defeat on the reiclvs northern plains Berlin said Marshal Feodor I Tolbukhm was hurled 200000 of Jiis third Ukraine army troops and supporting armor into an offen sive through northwestern Hun tion until Monday But Senator Alden L Doud R Douds contended the Faul mo tion was just a delaying tactic Lynes and Faul meanwhile filed an amendment to strike from the house amendment alS provis ions for increasing the gasoline tax and providinginstead that the highway commission establish a secondary road aid fund for the twoyear period beginning July 1 American Liberators from Italy bombed the jet plane air base at Neuburg 30 miles north of Munich and Flying Fortresses pounded the Kagran and Vosen dorf natural oil refineries in the Vienna area which produce gaso line and lubricating oils for Ger mans on the eastern front A 2nd fleet of U S 8lh air force bombers flew into Germany late Wednesday afternoon in the first doubleheader mission by Americans since last summer Some rainfall handicapped fly ers operating along the lines of German retreat from Ihe Saar but ago UU nvlt The senators amendment asked lho orth ll was bright and that 51500000 be transferred an cfr he errific attack shift nually to the secondary road aid fund from the primary road fund They also asked that an additional SaOOOOO a year be taken from the ed to the Ruhr where Gen hower has made it plain the next allied blow can be expected Primary road fund and set up as garywith advance forces already street construction aid fund beyond Tata 10 miles t secondary road aid fund carrier boy or the big Danube river j would be apportioned to counties Buy your War Bonds and FLOYD SHERIFF AT BREWER TRIAL Testifies Defendant Hit Him With Stick Osage F Atherton Floyd county sheriff testified Wednesday that Mrs Helen Schultz Brewer struck him war a stick when he went to the farm j planes raked the reich They con of her father Joseph Schultz in centratcd on targets in and around a search for 13 stray calves last j the threatened Ruhr as if isolating i for capture or a sealoff at the trial j At the pace Pattons tanks were CASUALTIES IN NAZI DEBACLE NEAR 100000 3rd Army Approaches Chemical Center Fight Inside Mainz BULLETIN New York 3rd army has entered Ludwigshafen the German chemical center on the west side of the Rhine Paris German debacle in the Saarland and Palatinate ap peared likely Wednesday to cost Hitlers badly bled forces close to 100000 casualties as the U S third army closed within five miles of the great chemical center of Lud wigshafenMannheim and fought inside Mainz Two German armies the tint and seventh either were wiped out or doomed except for scattered elements At supreme headquarters it was estimated that the swift third army of U Gen George SPat ton alone had herded an esti mated 30000 nazis into prison pens in 48 hours as it and LA Gen Alexander M Patchs seventh army closed new traps which might boost the overall total of captured in the whirlwind cam paign to 750QO The seventh army driving up from the southern bases of the Saarland and Palatinate did not even tabulate its prisoners beyond the first 6000 Cities such as Saarbruecken Kaiserslautern Worms Voelkin gen Sweibruecken Homberg and St Ingbert toppled like ten pins The hard hitting divisions in all or nearly 400000 advancing speedily The German hold on the wwt bank of the upper Rhine wa rowedto a35inile escape between the Karlsruhe andLod wigshafen areas and it doubtful whether the wounded wehrmacht couldscrape together enough men from the defeat to man properly the Valhalla line east of the river The Germans blew their last remaining bridges on the Rhine leaving stragglers west of the river to death or capture Except for a 30mile stretch be tween Pirmasens and Lauters bourg where the Germans clung to fragments the Siegfried line the enemy was in complete rout Nazi forces were surrounded in 3 places and threatened with im minent encirclement elsewhere The large Saarland city of Ne uiikirchen where steel and iron works and coal pits abound was believed to have fal len although there was no spe cific word The 1st army fighting east of the Rhine lengthened its bridge head to 25 miles in a push along flat tank country leading 12 miles to the southern limits of the Ruhr greatest arsenal area The U S 9th British 2nd and Canadian 1st were massed in mighty strength on the lower Rhine opposite the Ruhr which Gen Eisenhower said Tuesday night will become a deathtrap The U S 15th and the allied 1st airborne armies were in reserve so far as was known At least 4 racing columns of Pattons 3rd army curled in a tightening arc before Ludwigs hafenMannheim twin industrial cities on the Rhine with a total population of 427000 Pattons artillery already was shelling German troops in some places in the Valhalla line beyond 7000 allied war the Rhine More than Atherton testified of Mrs Brewer on a charge of travelling it was reasonable to stronghold of Komarom This is the direct route toward Vienna fit another Russian drive which Berlin has been reporting for most of the week but which stm has no Russian confirmation the first Ukraine army clearing up upper Silesia below Breslau was said to have thrust to Zie genhals on the Czechoslovak bor der Ziegcnhals is 52 miles north west of Mora vskaOstrava Czechoslovakias third city and the gateway to the Moravian gap route to Vienna and Prague It is 9 miles west of Neustadt where street fighting was reported Mon day Survives Broken Neck Boston UR Massachusetts new U S senator Leverett Sal tonstalJ is probably the only man congress who has broken his across the East China sea years ago rom a horse many on an area basis for use only toj grade secondary roads and surface them with gravel shale or crushed rock The street construction aid fund would be allotted to cities and towns including special charter cities on the basis of pop ulation Weather Report Say Ludendorff Bridge Impossible to Repair With the First Army Across the Rhine Ludendorff bridge across the Rhine to the expanding Remagen bridgehead is wrecked so completely that there is no pos sibility ot it being repaired before the war ends Pontoons are bear ing the traffic Engineers said Wednesday it JIason FORECAST City Fair and warmer would require 2 years of work to rebuild the doubletracked railI YEAR AGO Wednesday night followed by increasing cloudiness Thursday Lowest Wednesday night near freezing Iowa Fair and warmer Wednes day night Thursday increasing cloudiness Warmer in south and east portion Minnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 49 Minimum Tuesday 26 At 8 a m Wednesday 27 road bridge with the equipment i now available Maximum Minimum 40 21 bined population of 427000 wigshafen 143000 is on the west bank and Mannheim is on the east Other great German cities were either in or almost within artil lery range Frankfurt 546649 was 18 miles away 172039 is 4 miles Wetebaden across the j heim area before duskV ThelwVn The sheriff said the attack oc cities on the Rhine have a curred when he tried to go into a field on the farm to get the calves He said that after Mrs Brewer struck him he put handcuffs on her Athciton also declared he was armed with a proper search warrant when he went to the farm Mrs Brewer had claimed the sheriff did not have a warrant The sheriff reported 14 men besides his deputy were at the Schultz farm when he was look ing for the calves which allegedly were found and returned to Sie vert Relnts the owner The sheriff deputized 6 of the men to aid in the search Deputy Sheriff R c McCarthy followed the sheriff to the stand and corroborated the officers testimony throughout Mrs Brewer acting as her own Rhine from Mainz Speyer 45 capital of the Palatinate was 15 miles from the 3rd army The Tlh army was in the steel mill town of Voelkltnger 31000 and both armies were Investing Ncunklrchen Karlsruhe 190000 was 7 miles or so acroM the Rhine from French units of the 7th army the Groupement Montsabert composed of the Al gerian Goumicrs and the 5th French armored division he Sher At Main2 mites i Jhe ;