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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND s i A THE NEWSfAfER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 21 1911 This Paper Consists ot One NO IIS Red Cross Over Top in War Fund Campaign DECKER PLANT PUSHES TOTAL UP TO Pritchard Urges Drive Be Completed to Put County Beyond Minimum The Cerro Gorclo county Red Cross war fund campaign in a sudden burst ot speed Tuesday went across the goal Once more Cerro Gordo hail gone over the top The Red Cross office reported a total or as the initial re port from the solicitation at the Jacob E Decker and Sons plam helped push the figure upward by more than The Deckel plant solicitations started Mon day Brows furrowed with the wor ries of countless details ol a mighty campaign that had to reach practically every firesidt and business establishment in the county underwent a change Tues day Over the faces of campaign chairmen and committee heads spread the smile pi triumph Still to be completed is the Decker solicitation and some work in rural school districts Comple tion of these urged by Genera Chairman Paul Pritchard at the earliest possible moment provide assurance that Cerro Gordo coun ty will go beyond the minimun goal that wasset Thnt has beei Vesuvius Erupts Smoke Pall Covers Area for 10 Miles By ELEANOR PACKARD On the Sopes of Jit Vesuvius volcanic crater ot Mount Vesuvius exploded with a terrifying roar Tuesday night blanketing e countryside for 10 miles around under a pall of smoke and bury With the Cerro Gordo coun Red Cross war fund campaig surgrins across the goal line S51500 Tuesday the whole R Cross symbol used for the pa Z weeks to visualize the projtre of the campaign became whol blacked nut the usual procedure in such cam paigns in Cerro Gordo county The campaign got under way officially March 1 although a vast amount of organization work and some advance solicitation had been done before that The first report Of the campaign was on March 6 when was announced as result of ad vance solicitation By March 10 the amount raised had been pushed up to On the day following it was 534516 Daily reports brought the toal successively to S39940 S42858 S4S120 546129 and fi nally on Monday to 547560 Chairman Pritchard expressed his appreciation to the army of men and women who did the so liciting and to the many contri butors who made this goal pos sible g 2 mountain villages ns of flowing lava At p m I saw a huge col nn of flamespecked smoke hoosh up out of the crater and ar 5000 feet into the air where billowed out showering the lountainside with rocks and shes The smoke spread as far north s Naples 10 miles away halting 1 traffic in the streets there and Blanketed the ruins of ancient ompeii which was buried in the olcanos greatest eruption almost 900 years ago The unexpected flareup indi ated that the eruption which be an lust Friday was worsening nd allied military authorities an ounced that more than 14000 ad itional men women and chil Ireii were being evacuated hur iedly from the northwestern lopes The village of San Sebastian al eacly was buried under the 70 too vail of lava flowing down the mountain and the neighborinp amlet of Massa di Somnia was irtually obliterated More than 500 rescue workers consisting of AngloAmerican sol diers royal air force America air force military police and earn jinieri hastened the evacuation o Cercola a town of about 700 jopulation at the foot ot In northern slope of Vesuvius Allied military coveriiment of ficials announced that all person already had been evacuated froi the villages of San Sebastianp an Massa di Somma San Sebastian o population totaled 6000 and Mas sa di Sommas The great stream ot lava spewed out of the volcanos cone i its worst eruption of modern time moved down the northwest slop with inexorable force and by mic afternoon had traveled 500 yards beyond San Sebastian to coyer threequarters of the neighboring town of Massa di Somma When 1 last saw Massa di Somma earlier Tuesday the lava flow was circling around the an cient granite wall of the village church and il appeared doubtful that anything would be left of the village by nightfall The force of the flow showed no signs of slackening although it was cooling rapidly as it spread over the moutainside resem bling a huge pile of slag spill ing out redhot coals as it ad vanced After more than 200 military vehicles starting w o r k at dark Monday night in the ruddy glow of the volcano had completed the evacuation of the 2 towns in 10 hours authorities began moving the population of the village of Cercola which is lower down the slope APS LOSE 15 MORE VESSELS TO U S SUBS Knox Announces Latest Bag Scored Against Nippon Supply Lines Washington m e r i c a n ubmarines operating in Pacific valors have destroyed another 15 Japanese ships bringing to 642 the lumber of enemy craft sunk irobably sunk or damaged by submersibles the navy announced The sinkings reported in a communique released by Secre tary of the Navy Knox at a news conference include 2 tankers of ilal importance in moving fuel to keep the Japanese bases in op eration Also sunk were 2 trans ports and 11 freighters the navy secretary reported The text of communique ISTo 512 Pacific and far cast 1 United States submarines have reported thes inking of 15 vessels in operations against the enemy in these waters as follows One large transport One me dium transport One large tanker Nine medium freighters T w o Chaplin Is Subdued as Trial Opens Hollywood subdued Charlie Chaplin shoved his way through a crowd of noisy fans Tuesday to begin his fight lo con vince a federal court jury that redhaired Joan Berry lied when she called him a white slaver Nothing to say boys Jerry Giesler the portly criminal law yer said as he ran interference for his whitethatched client through the throng of movie fans reporters and cameramen who blocked entrance lo the 2ndfloor courtroom in Los Angeles new skyscraper federal building Want a press card to get in asked a reporter Maybe well need one to get out Giesler replied Chaplin was dressed in a dark blue serge suit blue polka dot tie gray shirt and white hand kerchief in his breast pocket Few spectators found seats since more than half the room was oc cupied by the 3 score jury pane members Fourteen of jurors and 2 ly were to be seated in the box Two entire spectator rows were set aside for magazine writers Press association and newspaper reporters were given 3 tables ad joining those of opposing attor neys White Chaplin leaned over to whisper nervously to Giesler the job of selecting the jury began Six men and 6 of them over 40 years old except one young placed tempor arily in the box Federal Judge 1 F T OConnor read them the indictment PHYSICIAN ARRIVES Hudson pop 492 has a physician again following the arrival Monday of Dr C O Grimes of Leon Iowa There had been no resident physician here since ill health forced Dr J W Donnell to abandon practice last small freighters One medium tanker These actions have not been announced in any previous navy department communique 7 Other Jap Ships Sunk Off Indies By RICHARD C BERGHOLZ Associated Tress Editor The sinking of 12 Japanese ships was announced Tuesday by alliec headquarters as indications mounted that one of Japans by passed fortresses in the Marshal islands was about ready for the final assault Seven ships were sunk and three damaged by submarines off islands in the Dutch East Indies the Brit ish admiralty said A large rive steamer a smaller vessel of un designated type and a supply ship were the only victims specified A fiveship convoy including two transports and three corvettes jot within sight of Japans bomb battered base at Wewak Guinea before it was obliteratec by more than 100 fifth airforc planes in a furious 4day battle In the central Pacific Adm Chester W Nimitr brought in hi mighty battleship guns to assis carrierbased planes soften u Mili atoll once one of Japan strongest bases in the Marshall Buy War Savinss Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier hoy GERMANS SEIZE HUNGARY REDS THREATEN AREA Hitler Moves to Avert Collapse of Balkan States Resistance London of 100 000 German and Rumanian troops were reported occupying Hungary Tuesday against the growing threat of Russian armies a bare 100 miles from the borders of the expanded Balkan kingdom Some scattered fighting sprung from the occupation but there was nothing to suggest any serious dif ficulties for Hitler Topflight Hungarian leaders including the regent Admiral Nicholas Horthy and foreign ministers and possibb Premier Nicholas Kallay were be lieved virtually kidnaped in Ger many whence they had been sum moned to receive peremptory de mands for allout military assis tance Hela Imredi former premier and foreign minister and a Hun xarian nazi was reported estab lishinc a government He said to have convoked parliament for Wednesday at which time he was expected lo assume Horthys now The Hussian columns in old Po land were nearest warweary Hungary Red troops at Tarnopol were 100 miles from Transylvania the province amputated from Ru mania with German connivance Reel troops in theold Rumanian province of Bessarabia were 150 miles from the CarpathoUkrainc territory where Hungary wrested from Czechoslovakia Others ad vancing on Lwow were within 125 miles A German foreign office spokes man was quoted by the Berlin ra dio as saying no detailed discus sion of the Hungarian problem was possible as long as certain phases in the development were not yet concuded The German Red Spearheads Within 35 Miles of Rumanian Border Stassen Would Make Race If Nominated Knox Declares Washington Cmdr Hurold E Stassen former governor of Minnesota lias notified Secretary ot Navy Frank Knox that while lie will not seek the republican presidential nomination he will accept if nominated Knox told reporters Tuesday that Stjsscn made his position clear in a letter which came through official channels from the south 1aiific where lie former governor is now serving on the j staff of Admiral William F Hal sey Jr commander of the south Iucifk area Stasscns letter lo Knox fol lows In recent weeks there have been numerous questions by rep resentatives of the press in the south Pacific as to my attitude to ward the current inclusion of my name in the presidential nominaj tton discussions The same questions have been raised in the public press on the mainland accompanied by an in creasing amount o conjecture and speculation and attempts at interpretation and misinterpreta tion 1 have therefore concluded hat it is desirable and in the best j ntercsts of my naval service that riy position be clearly concisely romplly and publicly PLANES ATTACK ROCKET COAST U S Bombers Make Assault in Overcast London P Britainbased American liberators heavily bom Mrded the PasdcCalais rocket oast area across the channel uesday It was the second heavy ttack on that sector in 3 days The liberator force apparently lot large took advantage of a solidovercsst to thwart antiair craft opposition that had been operations One report was that leavy last Saturday and the first Marshal Titos Jugoslav partisans ombers back Tuesday reported had recently been in Hungary or units The newspaper Ticlningcn o This was the 19th assault by j Stockholm said German troops press was silent Stockholm dispatches said there xvere some indications that the satellite gateway kingdom to nazi communications in the Balkans might become a new area of par tisan activity directed against German transport and jqiUtary U S heavy bombers on that nystery region since the day be fore Christmas RAFheavy bombers in small force struck the Angouleme Ex plosive works in southern France Monday night in a continuing noc turnal campaign against special ized enemy factories while mos quito planes bombed Ger many for the eleventh straight night Not a plane was lost American flying fortresses and liberators described by a U S strategic air force announcement ss in medium sized force at tacked military targets in the Frankfurt area of Germany Tues day as the highlight of a day that saw between 1600 and 2100 allied planes cross the channel A U S communique Monday night said 6 American bombers and 8 escorting fighters failed to return from the 400 mile iound trip to the German industrial city Few enemy aircraft were encoun tered but the fighters down four HAROLD K STASSEN 2 BOYS 2 GIRLS The following Knox said is he statement Stassen wished to nakc I Bnr pAlllin In reply to the questions thai I ft DC Ik A I being asked as to lad hidden in boats on the Dan ube near Budapest Forth to occupy strategic points il the capital at a given signal Some Hungarians were reported j fighting this new invader at the call of their leaders but the nais retained control at the cen ter of the country This was indi cated by the fact that the Hun garian news agencys regular midday broadcast sounded as though all was serene The first item on this commentary was a sort of essay on the importance of cultural and political tics with neighboring peoples in the Dan ube basin Unconfirmed r c p o r I s from Stockholm said that 2 Rumanian divisions were among the forec the Germans had sent into Hun gary and that they were being resisted stiffly by the Hungarians The Turkish radio said the Germans had occupied important points and communication centers in Hungary and the whole of Iticle toward the current inclusion t my name in the presidential discussions 1 will frankly and di rectly state my position I do uot seek and will nothing personally to secure the nomination If notwithstanding this position I were to be nomi nated I would consider it to he my plain duty to accept and would do so requesting inactive duty for a sufficient time to dis cuss with the people the issues and problems nf the future I wish to make it equally clear that I will make no statement on political issues while on active duty that I do not wish any pub licity of nyacliviticsin the navy to be used in a political manner and that no one is authorized to make personal commitments on my behalf will continue to carry out to the best of my ability those naval duties assigned to mo Knox made no comment on the letter Blame Car Gas STRONG SOVIET UNITS PUSH ON IN BESSARABIA Reds Claim Smashed German Forces Retreat Across Rumania Moscow Ivan S Konev drove soviet spearheads through Bessarabia to within 35 miles of the Rumanian frontier Tuesday and Ihc government or q in said that smashed German regiments are retreating i across Since the Soviets regard Bes sjrabia as a part of Russia the Izvcstia report of a nazi retreat across H LI m a n i a apparently meant that the Germans are pull ins back beyond the Prut river the boundary between Rumania and Bessarabia As the 2nd army of the Ukraine poured into Bessarabia on a front more than 50 miles wide the of ficial soviet army journal Red Star proclaimed jubilantly Germany has lost the battle of the south The red army offen sive is spreading like a spring flood i The red army has crossed the S 111 i last river barrier in the soviet i south Tile Dniester is behind us t4j t i i souin i nc Lmicsicr is ucnma us LOVCr S LatlC 1 IagCdy I There is increasing anxiety among Public Discussion Is Urged by Willkie Apjiluton Willkie who spoke here Tuesday for support of 24 delegate can didates entered in his name in the April 4 Wisconsin presiden tial preference and delegates election said Obviously those who seek the preference of the voters should discuss the issues with them or if they have rendered themselves unable to do so then il occurs to me that they should decisively not ambigiously withdraw from the contest All men for whom delegates are running in the Wisconsin pri mary can say in very simple and unambitious language thai they St lames Minn leak in the heating system of their car that permitted carbon monoxide fumes to seep through the floor boards was blamed Tuesday for the lovers deaths of 2 boys and 2 yiris The bodies of the victims were discovered Monday by a country school teacher Sheriff j M Berg of Watanwan county said the couples apparently went to the lonely spot called The End cl Lovers Lane to park Saturday night after a dance Mrs Fern Fraucnhollx the schoolteacher said she discovered the tragedy early Monday before school upenocl Tin were Lylc Skarphl son of Mr and Mrs Oscar Skar phy La Salic Minn Harold Slctta 20 son of Mr and Mrs John B Slctta also of La Salic I Hitlers vassals especially the Rumanians To the northwest Marshal Gregory first army of the Ukraine pushed toward the Carpathians and stepped up the pressure on Marshal Fritz Von Mannsteins salient stretched taut between the Lwow approaches and Proskurov With the nipping off of the Vin nitsa end of the salient the Ger man position now was narrowed to a precarious foothold at many points only GO miles wide between the soviet northern pincers and the forbidding Carpathian walls Iiicrcusiuij stivict pressure from the north raised the possibility a which would en circle the German garrisons of Irosktirov anil Tarnopol Borciy about 50 miles northeast Lwow already was Ardts Hjclmcland 18 laughter of tors encircled front dispatches Christ Hjclmcland route 1 ka Minn and Carol Thompson IG daughter of Mr and Mrs Carl Hanslca Girls Invitation to Party Delivered After Round Trip on Ocean Chicago invitation to a chilfis birthdiiy parly was deliv ered lo G year old Marilyn Gim Ecrscn after a round trip across the Atlantic ocean It was posted Feb 7t and went lo Sgt Harry Loll Chicago soldier stationed hind xvho wrote Marilyn said Its fait would open the way Tor a straight silool down the rail road to Lwow Field reports said the Germans were relying on Rumanian divis ions to cover their retreat at many points Two Rumanian divisions with German stiffening elements were charged with the defense of MogilcvPotlolski There on the elbow of the Dniester the Russians feinted attacks in several direc tions threw the defenders oft bal ance seized the river bridge and made il possible to sweep on into Bessarabia without loss ol mo mentum Soviet slrcaminj Forces wove reported across the Dniester at many crossings despite increasing resistance by the German air BULLETINS Ankara German occupation of Rumania was be lieved imminent Tuesday after re ports reached informedAnkara quarters that 5 nazi one infantry and 4 erossed Hungary and moved into Rumania Nazis Reinforce Point Through Secret Tunnel Allied Headquarters Naples UR Lt Gen George S Patton has been replaced as commander of the American 7th army by MaiGen Alexander SI Patch Jr it was announced Tuesday Secret Military Zone on English East Coast Points to Invasion London order estab lishing a secret military zone 10 miles deep along some GOO miles of Englands cast and south coasts beginning April 1 was regarded Tuesday as another step in the preparation for the invasion of western Europe The most sweeping regulations since those imposed in the days just after Dunkirk will forbid vis itors to enter coastal areas all the way from the wash half way up the English east coast down the shores of the North sea and the Dover Straits to the windswept i nolds imported from advanced 5th rocks on the tip of Lands End army headquarters that the allied FIGHT RAGES ON FORCASSINO 1200 Yard Cave Used to Defend Ruined Hotel Allied Headquarters Naples shock troops lashed back savagely at attacking allied forces around Cassinos gutted Continental hotel Tuesday and allied spokesmen revealed that re enforcements were being dis patched to the embattled nazi gar rison through a secret 1200yard tunnel leading to an ancient Ro man ampitheater outside town Front reports said a brawling handtohand battle r a iced all around the hotel and it was indi cated that the New Zealand in fantrymen who broke into the building Monday and captured al most 204 prisoners had been hurled back into the streets The hole itself which the Ger mans had converted into a brist ling strongpoint was described as forces inside Cassino are in a critical and rather grim situa tion While the New Zealanclers hold practically all of the town he said they are under constant artillery fire from the surround ing hills and may have difficulty in holding on lo their ghins Fighting across huge heaps of rubble that provided perfect cover for the defending Germans the New Zealanders were forced to attack each nazi position fron tally under a murderous fire from enemy machine guns mor tars and hand grenades Official information reaching headquarters traced the strong German stand to the existence of a hithertounsuspected t n n n e I running from the Roman amphi theater almost threequarters of a mile southwest of Cassino German panzer gvanadiers it was revealed have been slipping through the tunnel into Cassino under the guns of the unsuspect ing allies to bolster the band of paratroopers who had been hold ing the southwestern end of the towrn since the record allied aerial and artillery bombardment Wednesday do or i not desire the voters of j that the invitation had slipped force southeastern Hungary is now i Wisconsin lo vote for the deleI into one of his Vmail letcrs lie j Front dispatches said hill in the under control of n German offii sates respectively pledged to their j added i capture nt Vinnitsa a special Gor Bdievc me if I svere olose by j jnjillLrv reuimenl distm from I would have tried to break in on Bujshed for being shifted lo vhat ccr whose name and scope of au thority will be announced short ly Hitlers main motive was to bring trustworthy troops into position to stop gaps in the Car pathian mountains Another pur pose might be to try to persuade the Rumanians that clanger to their Transylvanian territory from the Hungarians had duccd by occupation been rc candidacy It is difficult to know the analysis whether Gov Stas sen is a candidate or not It has been emphasized in the campaign in Wisconsin that the only way our system can unction is through public discussion This primary in Wisconsin is for the purpose of providing the people with a method of making that choice after they have heard iis had stiffened immeasurably with Hungarythe kingdom without j cushions of the the arrival of the grenadiers i a klllSrllied bv drmal wuh v On the slopes of Mount Casi out s navywas reported to have I NFWfePArhKMAN that parly S HOUSES DESTROYED Albany Y n Five fire men were injured one fatally and a woman was believed to have perished in a fire that de stroyed C houses in a residential district early Tuesday The firr men were injured when a wall caved in ever hottest spot the front af forded was entirely wiped out The drive toward the Prut was speeded by the seizure Monday oE Mogilev Podolski the 2nd of the 3 rail crossings ot the Dniester to fall into soviet hands Front dis patches said there still was no sign of German preparations to i rally for a stand either northeast northeast and wrecked Benedictine monastery j as a passage for reinforcements i Three miles southwest ot CDSj sino allied and German combat1 patrols fought a savage night ac tion near San Angelo while both sides exchanged thunderous ar tillery fire across the lower Gari gliano valley on the western flank of the main 5th army line The battle of the Anzio beach head to the north continued stale mated although longrange Ger man and allied cannon duelled continually British combat patrols support ed by heavy shellfire made 2 suc cessful raids on the German lines along the western end of the beachhead early Sunday and withdrew after inflicting heavy German fighterbombers at1 Almost 200 paratroopers who tempted a heavy attack on the a nomansland under heavy fire j had boasted they would stay in j Anzio port area early Monday from both sides l Cassino indefinitely quit when I but they were fought off by pa BBC reporter Michael Rey the Maoris broke into the trolling allied spitfire pilots who u j tinjniai Monday but it was sent 4 of the nazi planes crashing indicated thai the nazi resistance in flames i NICHOLAS HORTIIY seized Weather Report j FORIiCAST Mason City Rain or snow Tues day night and Wednesday Slightly warmer Tuesday night Lowest Tuesday night in Ma son City 23 Iowa Rain or snow Tuesday night i and Wednesday Slightly warm er tonight Minnesota Mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Light snow south and snow flurries northwest portion Wednesday Warmer extreme northwest portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Monday JO Minimum Monday niulu 21 At K m Tuesday 25 YEAR AGO j Maximu m 31 Minimum 8 C3 RECAPTURED MAR S12 M RECAPTURED MAR 1220 REDS WITHIN SIGHT Ol the Rus sian Ukraine army swept airross llic Dniester river into prewar Rumania il announced siglHiiig the Carpathian mountains in Rumania lo llio soul Invest Great pace of Russian advance is shown by backcdin areas representing gains last week and the week before ;