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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAH f H IS r A 43 T OEPT OF lOAA COWP OES UOINES u CITY JiiiiSsI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS SPOT ugrm CITY vPTnAV LUY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 21 1941 THIS PAPER TEACHERS SET ATTENDANCE RECORD Discontent Delays Jugoslav Axis 3 OF MINISTERSSenate Passes BUI to MOW fllllT WHFN NA7I Fund for Survey of Feat UUII WHtN IWI Iowa Public School System Of Mankind TREND EDITORS NOTE This is f f LflllU EDITORS NOTE This is anolhcr of a series of articles by Earl Hall Mason Cily GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guesls of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace Number 10 By W EAIiL HALL PANAMA from the day long since when the ex plorer Balboa stood on a height not far from here and looked down for the first time on the Pacific ocean there has been yearning on the part of interests identified with world trade in all nations to i a v c a water route across this isthmus When Corlez by n u m e rous expeditions be a m c certain that no natural waterway con nected the two great oceans lit proposed to construct one AV EARL HALL Four possible routes were men Darien Panama Nicara gua and Tehuantepec But noth ing happened Central American countries themselves and a number of Euro pean powers toyed with the idea throughout the eighteenth century and in 1814 a canal project was authorized by the Spanish gov ernment The good intention how ever was not implemented by appropriation As early as 1823 the United Slates interest in a central American link between Ihe oceans was seriously discussed in congress with Henry Clay as secretary of slate assuming the roc of principal spokesman Bolivar mnst revered nf all South Americans pleaded for a canal First estimates of the cost were placed around five million dollars Considering that the investment to date in the canal has run to al most a billici dollars with an other half billion in expansion just ahead these ear y estima es e beea or the would seem to qualify F T5 by the recalci kind of record tran ministers to see if kind of record Books have been written about Tension Increases Over Governments Decision to Join Hitler Duce By THE ASSOCIATED PHESS BELGRADE A swelling tide of internal discon tent led by three antiGorman cabinet ministcrs and other high officials forced Friday night probable postponement of the Ju goslav governments plan to align itself with Vienna the axis Sunday The three ministers Serb leaders in this nation of mixed penples who resigned in pro test against a crown council de cision to yield to Germany re fused to remain in the cabinet even though Chief Regent 1rince Paul ordered them to do so The dissenters flatly declared they would have nothing more lo do with the government Theiistand which the country learned via the grapevine method added to the growing crisis over the governments acceptance of the reichs demands that Jugo slavia align herself with Slovakia Hungary Rumania and Bulgaria junior members of the antiBrit ish accord Afourth cabinet ra ember who voted against Acquiescence to Ger many was said to be planning to resign and the minister to Rus sia Gaverilovic was said to have sent his resignation lo Prince Paul One oi the dissenters Dr Bran io Cubrilovic minister of agricul sant party called a meeting of his parly chiefs to discuss the crisis IriiHc 1aul summoned Pre mier Drajfisa Cvctkovic and Foreign Minister A I k s a n tl c r CincarMarkovic to the while palace for a conference at which ho is reported to have lold them their projccled trip to Vienna starting Saturday would have to lie postponed while he at tempted to reorganize the quar reling government a quick change in the cabinet would enable the official party to leave for Vienna as scheduled The tenseness was heightened by disclosure that four of Jugo slavias most prominent generals were pensioned early in the weeK as a mere routine matter Observers pointed out that army circles have been amonp the most vigorous opponents of a surrender to Germany But government circles said the remainine high officers had agreed lo the governments de cision Nervousness in the capital accentuated by paralysis of the city s trolley telephone and light ing senices for a short period at noon But engineers said the trouble was technical German circles said the for malizing ot Jugoslavias entry into closer relations with the reich would be swift with Premier Cvetkovic and Foreign Minister Alksander CincarMarkovic due to leave Friday night or Satur day for Vienna where they would sign the document Sunday Although ihe governments action was reported by res ponsible srovernmciit sources British circles still insisted they hart reason to believe Jugo slavia had readied no decision on what concessions she would make to the axis While admitting that fe solu tion might be found in time to per mit the premier and foreign minis ter to make the Vienna trip soon the British said mornings ouuiuovic minister o agricul nhnpi 11 turc and leader of the Serb pea cicnt indication no agreement lias yet been reached Slovakia Hungary Rumania and the political jugglery indulged in by the little states of Central and South America as well as by our own country and the nations of Emope in bringing the canal problem to solution In fact on of the worlds best authorities on this phase of history Prof Gra ham Stuart is a member of inn Carnegie party and i have before me as I write this his most ex cellent volume titled America and the United States It was not until 1R81 when a of de Lessees builder oE sj Suez canal began construction a canal in the Panama area 3fiat the die was cast in favor of route over the JVicarasjuan route For len years the French company labored in the cause only lo find in IIic end that 5400000000 had been dumped inlo the project Einrmecriiiir organization had beenbad anel uncontrolled yellow fever had claimed thousands of lives United States became increas ingly interested in the cause after the failure of the French JIuci diplomatic groundwork was bid by President Cleveland and McKinley but it remained for Theodore Roosevelt to suppiv the decisive action A deal was drhn with the French to take over their con struction for 530000000 providing suitable arrangements coyld be made with Colombia It was esti mated that the French had com pleted about onethird of the pro ject Colombia was intem on cashing in to he greatest extent possible on the situation but the people of Panama then a province of Colombia were eager to have the canal A revolution tnsucd Whether it was aided and abetted by Uncle Sam is debatable At any rale a 10 mile strip tliroujIi Ihe isthmus was procured for SIO 100000 cash anil a yearly rental nf S250000 Construction was started In and completed just before the start of the war they would agree to name more amen able cabinet representatives Political quarters said that only Bulgaria neighbors a ru o n K Jugoslavias southeast Europe previously had joined the Romc BeilinTokio axis The degree to which Jugoslavias decision will facilitate German ac tion in the Balkans possibly against Greece to bolster the falt ering Italians was uncertain in the absence of details of the agree ment that has been reached But a responsible government leader said it would provide economic and semimilitary aid lo the rejch The crown council approved the program Thursday night and the cabinet later voted for it 13 to four after a bitter wrangle Commission of Five Would Compile Facts and Provide Report DES MOINES Iowa senate Friday passed and sent the house a bill appropriating to make a survey of the states public school system A commission of five mem bers including the state super intendent of public instruction and four persons named by the governor would make the sur vey and report to the 1913 legislature The survey would cover taxa tion as well as the organization and administration of the states school system Only two senators voted no on the bill Senator Dcwcy E Goode R Bloomfield opposed it on the grounds it would set up another commission Senator Sanford Zeigler Jr n Fairfield cast the other dis senting vote Senator U W Hunt ii Gul speaking in behalf of the measure declared When Iowa ranks 48lh amDnjr the states in the matter of aid to the public schools and equal ized educational opportunity for the children of the state its lime we were doinjr something about it i Also in reply to Goodes argu Fort It seems to me that it falls upon ihe cars of the senate with poor grace to plead that 525000 is too much for such a huge task Findlay enumerated some of tile phases of the states rural and elementary school systems which the survey group would have to study Senator Fiois New author R Tilowvy R of the bill said he fell the proposed expenditure of S25000 for such a survey of the rural and elementary schoolswas not out of line when we appro priate millions of dollars for the higher educational institutions of the state QUIZZED DEATH BLUE EAUTH Minn Jack Gray 38 was jailed Friday for questioning about tho death of Julius Quaday a bachelor farmer witli whom he lived near here Gray reported finding Quaday shot through the side We Like But This Is the First Day of Spring secretary nf the Ioa Teachers Luck photo Kayeiiay cnitravhijr rhprafr f e iom cnlion of ilicr from Roclcford standing und Miss Izelta Vine incd nil new flowndecked hnls m a Mason Cilv HEAR PLEAS TO TEACH LOVE OF UNITED STATES Lubbers Hopes World to Follow American Ideals in Settlement More Slurks Iielmc nn Iaircs 1C The hope thai the peace fol lowing the present world conflict would be one based on American ideals ami thai America would take its proper plate as a leader in the negotiations was expressed here Friday by Doctor Irwin J Lubbers president of Central col lege Pella The commonwealth of man must govern and it can govern only under American leadership the college head told teachers from 10 north central Iowa coun ties at the first general session of their convention Friday The attendance had considerably passed the 1500 mark after the teachers had flocked lo the first general session in the high school auditorium Friday morning Fvcn a row of two dozen registrar was unable to handle the heavy influx The teachers jammed the high school building filling the audi torium balcony and second bal cony and overflowing lo the hils wherethey spent their lime wan dering through exhibits after fail ure to get into the convention room Its your responsibility tiiat these American fields never be come pastures for Trojan horses1 the teachers were warned by tho first spciker of the morning ses sion Frank Miles editor of the Iowa Legionnaire Lets teach our children to be America no pleaded Yon are the most useful group in America with the ex ception of the ministers of the Gospel HOUSE FAVORS LAKE DREDGING Approves Resolution Directing Conservation Group to Plan Program DES MOINES MVTMvc Iowa house Friday approved a resolu tion directing the state conserva tion commission to set up a long time program for the dredging of slate owned lakes Terms of the measure which mw BOCS lo the senate call attention to 18 lakes which need immediate attention to in crease liic water level cilhcr by lamming nr ircdgins Silt has lilted sunn lakes lo such an extent s to rmc clcaili and destruction il fish rind a menace lo boating and bnlhiiiK the resolution added The commission would submit the program to Gov George A Wilson by next July 1 Within the limits of available money the commission liven would proceed carry out this program bv contract Tiepresentativt A Greene HDcnison said part uf the SlZoOOfl annual conservation ap propriation provided in a approvcd bill could be used for tt purpose It is just asensible to talc care of our lakes as it is our real estate he declared W here would Minnesota be without the tourists and cash which flow into i that state each year1 4 Billion More for Army XT J 7 f Masem city askfnc Navy Given Recommendation j Committee Submits Tliu need for preparedness was stressed by the editor wliu asserted ilial making peace now with Hitlei would be litsc Die president if the Iirsl National hank of Masun City asking lo Put Army On Combat Status WASHINGTON An addi tional outlay il for the army and navy including funds for new plant capacity suf ficient to supply man army on a combat stalus was recommended to the house Friday by its appropriations committee About half of the huge sum wnnfd he s direct cash appro prialinn willi Ihe balance in contract authorizations for which congress would have Jinividc the funds lalrr iiossiblv this year if The committee explained tluiL roughly jialf nf the armys T share was earmarked for new balance Originally had been included in the war departments budget es timates for the fiscal year starting 1 and were transferred to this bill to expedite the program In broad outline the army sec linn of the bill carried SlQUOnnOOnu for the procure ment nf JfiOO bombing planes 100 medium two engine craft and 100 of the heavy four en The Weather FORECAST MASON CITY 1arllv cloudy lo cloudy Friday night and Sat urday Xol much change in Icm perslurc Iuwesl Friday night about 28 lOUA Tartly cloudy to cloudy Friday night ajid Saturday light rain west Saturday no de cided change in temperature MINNESOTA Cloudy Friday nieht and Saturday lichl snOw and lisht in locally modcralc snow northwcsl anil cxlrcnu west Friday night mi decided change in liuiimralurc IN MASON CITY Maximum 7 Minimum TlmrsdaiXiclit i Al X a ni rriilay YKAK AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation T inch Snowfall 2 inches Extended Forecast Extended weather forecast fo 21 to p m March Jli Upper Mississippi The temperature will average near or getting soft1 he claimed citing the fact thai Ger man soldiers marched an average of U miles a day for 2K consetu tive days to take Paris How many Big Ten athletes could do that he askeri He also called for an inlcnificd belief in Clod as an essential of the preservation of America God will not bless America unless we bless he asserted f He blamed chiefly he Ameri can home influences for an in sufficient teaching of the Ameri can way and warned that time will speedily he here when Hie Allanlie ocean will he no more ilrftnsc against altick dan the lies MiiimN river four new assembly plants bein constructed in tiic midwest Parts for hi planes wilt be manufac j KVPM n vuliiy Inthe dcinocra j c 1C ovei IlillCr will he j victory In warned if it leaves jlngland and the United Slates cx Ihiuisted and easy prey for Slilii and his I80UOOOU soldiers and largest submarine force in the world America is hut full of propa ganda In ascited and vc must cxort every iiifhienic io the 1 f fiin TT I We ma ruiitiiiiie liir fight frit elemocracy jut ihe lilsimx did vith stem impassioned stress asserted Doctor Lubbers The fight cannot fail he con near OL typeto he procured at slightly above normal pe fn1 iytvnilv nlim i riod rising terdencv becoming stationary during middle period colder in Minnesota Iowa and an engineering feat to draw on my comrades book the Panama canal stands unparalleled In the words of a former British ambassador Lord Brycc it is the greatest liberty man has ever taken with nature Water distance from New York to San Francisco lus been reduced by 7B73 miles United States has been brought some 3000 miles closer to the nitrate fields of Chile Up to now too the investment has stood on its own feet The canal has thus proved to be a great saving to shipping of all nations but particularly to the United States Completion of the canal came under the driving efficiency of Gen George W Gocthals who persistently kept aft er the superhuman task many unpredictable difficulties One the unanticipated trouble for exampje was continued sliding it Oaillard cut Three limes as much dirt was removed from this mountain as was originally planned lured by about 400 contractors ne including many automobile facj riod 1recipitatim will Average v i m f i aboutheavy for ihe period oc tr the purchase of currins first two days d asain o other bombers and trans i port planes required to complete the air corps current 18000 plane program S97I7G91M for ordnance and a variety of other military equipI incut to be held in reserve A loial of 3118035236 was included for the continuation of construction and development of the new Atlantic island bases and the installation of defense equipment there and for estab lishment of two intermediate landing fields and other work in Alaska The navys share of the total was 5290416820 including S133 11B820 for antiaircraft guns and other equipment lo be held in re serve tor installation on the large number of merchant vessels which I I would have lo be taken over in I i event of war and for the arming I of merchantmen might j 1 have to operate in danger zones I Tuesday or Wednesday mostly snow Minnesota Wisconsin and rain clscwhci c For Complete Listings Turn to the Classified Page NOW Remember Globe Gazette Want Ads BRING RESULTS svrn speak Saturday ;