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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA SATUKDAY MARCH THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 142 Selassie Is All Through Rhineland Situation Removes Support of League STORM WARNING ON EAST CO AST Rush Program to Get Ahead of Spring Planting go v e have had to buy Benito Mussoli nis support against Germany by abandoning ther opposition to campaign in Africa but what they sa cannot be otherwise than so Hitler took something The Rhineland situa tion is spoken of by diplo m a t i c folk in Washing ton as having spelled the finish of Haile Selassie however it may d e v e lop outside Ethiopia IS INTO NEW PLAN admit in so many words rhnamenetsrj Wallace Announces NEW DEAL SEEKS Treasurys Deficit to Hit Highest Peak in History eduction Claims President Branded as Fictitious tie goinV indeed but there w no doubt that the leagues t eats of sanctions threats are a 1 that they really amount to worried him badly Fear to Threaten the more potent of the an Acre Payment for Soil Building WASHINGTON lashing throughout the country the signal to start the complex soil conserva tion machine rolling the new deal strove Saturday to bring the na tions farmers within the 000 program before spring planting starts in earnest Farmers were summoned hurried ly to many conferences to organize county producers associations These will help administer the vast conservation plan basis for subsidy LOG IIivic f1 league nations are afraid to con payments to farmers the world even to threaten him Ifhe lines up with Hitler alliance will be hazardous It is not so much a question Who can lick whom The question is What will start another not be able to start another one alone Nor may Musso Uni But combined who knows What the British the French and cerhaps the Russians and some smaUer countries are desperately So to such a com bination precipitating a clash on the allied dictators theory lha thev will get away with some tnlnV unde cover of the confu sion even at the sacrifice of civili zation Disposed to On this basis they are disposed Secretary Wallace had announced that the new program substitute for the invalidated agricultural ad justment act would provide an aver age payment of for each acre of commercial soil depleting crop j lands shifted to soil conserving uses Signs Money Bill A short time earlier President Roosevelt had signed an appropria tion bill carrying for the program and making of unexpended money available Wallace acknowledged that some details of the program are not per fected But operation is to begin immediately with the aim of shift acres from soil de pleting crops to conser v a tion growths in 1936 The secretary said the program IO Yiciu to Mussolini to keep him from in with Hitler have not much hope of jvs Qiiaio tinv i i inc iield a modicum of his demands was planned On an estimate that 80 per cent Qf eligiWe farmers Would participate Farmers are expected to begin signing applications for par ticipation within a week In Three Classes The AAA divided all crops into three classes for subsidy purposes Soil depleting soil conserving and soil building Each participating farm is to have a soil depleting base acreage acreage of depleting crops ey a bloctdn an amalgamation of Ger with Italy if it can be cf for Germany needs Italy more than Italy needs Germany But they think they may be able to influence Italy which can t prof it rreatlv by German assistance enu Ethiopa then has no genuine rounds the League of Nations ought to protect it The league was disposed to do so while the quarrel was between compartively picayune Italy and microscopic Ethiopia Ethiopia in Discard Germany having entered into the equation Ethiopia goes into the a temporary situation to ow France is in a state of mind because Germany is en croaching on the Rhineland backed by Britain But a few months hence Britain will be yelling that Italy is en croaching in Ethiopia on the head waters of the Nile jeopardizing the irrigation of British Egypt In the meantime Haile Selassie will have lost his throne as a re sult of clashes between major powers The real ow is on the Rhine but Good night to Haile Selassie in Abyssinia WATlDOGSAVES LIVES OF THREE t i f n C 1 YW 1 basp or to I Lady Smells Dmoke wakes set for diversion Up Keokuk Woman and Two Children KEOKUK A St Bernard watchdog Lady saved the lives of Mrs Ivor Summers and her two children early Saturday when she smelled smoke and aroused them in time to escape from their burning house The house a four room cot tage was completely destroyed along with all the furnishings Mrs Summers and two small children were asleep in a rear bed room when the dog awakened them by barking and her lunges against a closed door The house is located on the outskirts of town and the firemen were obliged to lay feet of hose through two cemeteries to reach it Ida County First to Get Flood Aid Quota ST LOUIS T Midwestern headquarters of the American Red Cross reported that Ida county was the first Iowa chapter to report its full quota of funds for flood strick sufferers in the east By NATHAN ROBERTSON WASHINGTON A warm political controversy over federal finances was stared up Saturday by President Roosevelts statement in his recent relief message that budget estimates would in permit continuing reductions in the treasury deficit Republican spokesmen asserted the claim was fictitious and ut terly in view of pros pective bonus and relief expendi tures Administration officials conceded the deficit this year probably will reach the highest peak in history but they contended it was a paper deficit and that because of sink ing funds being provided by new taxes the president was fundamen tally correct Bonus Conflict Cause Chief cause of the conflict was the soldiers bonus which congress voted to pay in cashable bonds June 15 If all bonus certificates should be exchanged for bonds by June 30 the end of the fiscal year this years deficit would climb close to by far the alltime peak The biggest in history was in 1934 But of this huge deficit would result from the bonus Some of the bonus certificates are not expected to be exchanged until after next July 1 Therefore the sum they represent would be added to next years deficit instead of this years making the latter figure less than In Separate Category Democratic spokesmen place the bonus in a separate category from ordinary and relief expenditures They said the new bonus taxes of a year asked by the president would more than take care of this and that it could only technically be counted in this years deficit They placed in the same category expenditures under this years farm program Because of the invalidation of the processing taxes this sum will be added to the deficit But democrats pointed to acreage 01 aepieung crops planted in 1935 with modifications the sinking fund to be created by citiiarinna temporary taxes over the next two to meet unusual situations Special soil depleting bases cor responding to the base acreages set up under the old AAA are to be established for cotton tobacco peanuts sugar rice and flaxseed There are to be two types of sub building and soil con serving payments Payments to Be Made The soil building payments will be made for planting soil building crops on conmmercial crop land in 3936 and for approved soil building practices on crop land or pasture The rate of this payment will be based on the recommendation of state committees but will not be more than SI an acre An excep tion is made for small producers who may qualify for payments up to The second or soil conserving payment is to be made at a speci fied rate for shitting from soil dep leting to soil conserving or soil building crops for 1936 Soil Building Crops If a farmer is to recive a subsidy his acreage of soil conserving or building crops must be equal to 30 per cent of the farms soil deplet ing base or equal to the maximum nit set for diversion For all crops except cotton to i hacco peanuts sugar beets sugar cane flax and rice thediversion payment will average an acrea based on productivity of individual farmers The maximum diversion for which payments will be made is IP per cent of the base acreage For cotton the payment will be five cents a pound for cotton which would have been produced on the diverted acres The maximum diver sion permitted is 35 per cent Producers Organizing Under way Saturday is the orga nization of county producers asso ciations throughout the nation Each farmer is eligible to become a member of the association Each association will have county and community committees which will appraise the farms fix the soil con serving and soil depleting bases and operate the program within the field Subsidy checks may not be ex pected to reach the field before fall Relief Load Decreases DES MOINES C Pryor Iowa relief administrator reported the states relief load during Febru ary was reduced persons from the January total of temporary taxes over the next two or three years to provide for it Holding to Estimate With these items eliminated ad ministration leaders contended the president was holding to his budget estimate of a deficit for the current fiscal year as against last year Senator Byrnes as serted the rest was only a paper He said the bonus was a government obligation which should have been counted in the public debt for years Senator Steiwer joint author of the bonus bill with Byrnes contended that the presi dents promise of decreasing deficits was utterly impossible if all expen ditures are included and there are no fictions in the Senator Dickinson I called the presidents claim Have You Read Your Newspaper 1 What year was the famous Johnstown flood in which more than lives were lost 2 Who is Joachim von Ribben trop 3 Who was Eleutherios Ven izelos who died the past week 4 What husband of an Ameri can heiress was killed playing polo 5 Who succeeds Dr R M Hughes as president of Iowa State college 6 What was Atty Gen Edward L OConnors announcement con cerning plans for the 1936 cam paign 7 What judicial body declared Harold M Cooper former Iowa Liquor Control commission chair man was not guilty of an illegal act in giving away state liquor seals 8 What day was the first day of spring 9 Why did Iowa station a bor der patrol along the Minnesota line 10 What town was Mason Citys first opponent in the dis trict high school basketball tour nament ANSWERS ON PAGE 3 ON THE INSIDE DR WALTER BIERRING State Gets for Health Service ON PAGE 11 Farmhouse Burns Near Cresco Loss ON PAGE 11 Mason City Cage Team Plays East Sioux City ON PAGE 9 Iowa World News of Past Week Reviewed ON PAGE 2 Byers Says Hitler Holds Lead So Far ON PAGE 42 Drivers Picked Up for Improper Lighting ON PAGE 12 SHIRLEY TEMPLE PAID Big Pay Envelopes of Film Stars and Captains of Industry Revealed WASHINGTON UP pay envelopes carried home by movie stars and captains of industry in the calendar and fiscal year of tne 1931 were listed Saturday in sup plemental treas ury reports of corporation sal aries over 000 made to the house ways and means com m i t tee Thomas J Watson of New York president of the Interna tional Busin ess Machine topped Shirley Temple all others on the list with 8 salary of He was followed closely by the late Will Rogers who received from Fox Films corporation Janet Gaynor also of Fox Films received W R Sheehan a Fox vice presi dent received Filed With Congress The salary report made Satur day supplements similar statements filed with congress last January un der the revenue act A move is now under way in congress to repeal the section which provides publicity for corporate salaries Shirley Temples salary from Fox was Others on the Fox 000 Director Henry King 439 Warner Baxter John Boles Stepin Fetchit 000 Directory Henry King 192 Jesse Lasky producer 000 Spencer Tracy Helen Twelvetrees Lee Tracy S J Briskin general manager of Columbia Pictures received 750 Harry Conn president 000 Donald Cook director 000 Jack Holt Lee Tracy Nancy CarroB Ciaudette Colbert and Grace Moore W P Chrysler head of the Chry sler corporation received Alfred P Sloan General Motors was paid AWAIT REACTION OF GERMANY TO 4 POWER PLAN Nation Reported Stunned and Embittered by Proposals By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS The Locarno powers awaited of ficial reaction from Berlin Satur day to the elaborate set of propo sals formulated with the intent of assuring a lasting European peace I and settling the Rhineland problem Germany was by turns stunned and embittered Chancellor Adolf Hitlers own newspaper Voelkischer Beobachter called the suggestions Shylocks pound and collective The press charged that der fueh rer had been dealt a blow below the declaring British and Italian assurances of support to France and Belgium in case Ger many declined to accept the four power plan carried far reaching consequences To Obtain Answer From London flew Joachim von Ribbentrop Hitlers personal emis sary to obtain from the reichs fuehrer in person the answer to proposals that a buffer zone be created in the Rhineland policed by an international force pending de termination of questions created by Von Ribbentrop was expected to return to London scene of the Lo carno conferences and Germanys indictment as a treaty breaker by the council of the league of nations on Monday Some league representatives were alarmed and Germany was caustic over the invocation by Britain France Belgium and Italy of article XI of the league covenant pro viding for action against a threat of war This implied possible sanc tions if Germany rejected the Lo carno powers proposals N Ready for Seclusion In a speech Friday night in Ham burg Hitler asserted Germany is ready to withdraw into the seclu sion where she can keep her good The British observed that the Lo carno powers suggestions were sub ject to revision and the impression in Berlin was that Hitler would at tempt to negotiate away some of the sharpest points of the program Red Cross Aids Flood Victims Red Cross lorries in water up street ready to aid flood victims to hubcaps in WilkesBarre drawn up rather than reject it all flatly The Locarno proposals encompass in addition to creation of the buf fer zone submission of the Franco Soviet pact and the Rhineland re occupation to the Hague interna tional court and a great interna tional conference to consider all questions arising out of and follow ing the World war Italy Hasnt Accepted Italy as well as Germany had yet to acceptthe plan even though her representatives participated in the formulation of it France only the diplo matic problem of maintaining a united front with Britain but also the job of holding an election to select a new chamber of deputies Informed sources in Paris said Ger many would not reject flatly the proposals advanced but likely would attempt to split the four other Lo carno nations The league coucil conciliation committee of 13 was called into ses sion Saturday to consider the favor able Ethiopian and Italian replies to the leagues appeal for peace in east Africa BRITISH INVITE HITLER COUNTERPROPOSALS LONDON UP British quarters announced Saturday that they had invited Adolf Hitler to make counter proposals to the ten tative plan of the four remaining Locarno members These official sources said that the Germans are free to express their point of view and to make al ternative suggestions for any pro visions in the Locarno accord which they consider objectionable Tempering the sharpness of the peace plan announced in the British white paper Friday London sent word to the reichsfuehrer that the interim period during which the proposed international force would occupy the Rhine zone would be as short as the British can make and possibly only a few weeks School Burns PLATTSBURG burgs high school building was destroyed Saturday by fire of unknown origin WDaySiege of Wisconsin Capitol Ends MADISON 10 day siege of the state capitol by WPA j strikers from the Fox River valley came to a dramatic end Saturday j when 70 Madison policemen acting on orders from Gov Philip F LaI Follette evacuated the assembly chamber where the strikers were encamped Heeding the advice of their lead er Lyle Olson Green Bay the strikers offered no resistance Olson instructed them to file out in orderly fashion asserting that the workers will make a tempo rary retreat but will carry on the battle back The strikers received their last word Saturday from Martin W Torkelson state WPA administra tor that he could not grant their demands for a wage increase from to a month DRAFT OF NAVAL PACT APPROVED Six Year Pact to Be Signed onNext Wednesday by Four Powers LONDON London naval conference Saturday approved the final draft of a new six year treaty and announced the document would be signed by the United States Great Britain and France next Wednesday Norman H Davis chief of the American delegation registered an official reservation that the United States would consider herself re leased from the large cruiser holiday stipulation if Great Britain should build more than 70 cruisers The treaty provides that no 10 000 ton cruisers shall be constructed during the six year period MORE RAIN FOR STATE IS SEEN WeekEnd Forecast Made as Temperatures Continue Normal or Above DES MOINES UP Increasing cloudiness with some rain thats the weathermans weekend forecast for Iowa Temperatures which climbed into the fifties and sixties Friday as spring took over the season contin ued at normal or above and the weatherman predicted above freez ing minimums Saturday night There was a little rain in east Iowa Friday Charles City and Du buque each reporting 02 of an inch Davenport and Keokuk a trace Heart Attack Fatal BLENCOE heart attack was fatal to Carl S Hibbard real estate and livestock dealer here for many years TfoWeather FORECAST NEWS OF GAME Reports of the Mason City high school basketball teams progress against East Sioux City in the district finals game at Es therville Saturday night will be received at the GlobeGazette at the close of each quarter Re ports will be sent immediately following each quarter of the dis trict championship game for the benefit of local basketball fans IOWA Increasing cloudiness with rain late Saturday night or Sunday except unsettled in east central portion Saturday night Somewhat warmer in west and south portions Saturday night and in extreme east Sunday Colder in extreme west Sunday afternoon MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness rain or snow in west portion late Saturday night or Sunday and in east Sunday somewhat warmer in southwest Saturday night somewhat colder in west Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGajette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Friday 56 Minimum in Night 34 At 8 A M 37 Rainfall 08 Friday was distinguished in two ways meteorologically speaking First it brought 1936s initial spring rain Second it was the wannest day recorded since last autumn Fridays rain incidentally had a bit of sleet snow and slush in it WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO weather out look for the period March 23 to 28 For the upper Mississippi and low er Missouri valleys Generally fair except rain or snow about Wednes day or Thursday temperatures mostly near normal SNOW ADDS TO SUFFERINGS OF FLOOD VICTIMS Roosevelt Allocates 43 Millions to WPA for Repair Work By THEODOKE FKOOP Copyright 1936 by The Associated Snow and falling temperatures brought new threats of disease and increased the misery among thou sands of flood refugees and home less in the Ohio valley Saturday as New England rivers wrought great er devastation in their surging to ward the sea Coastal cities ia New England safe from the fury of the rivers were not free of danger Storm warnings were hoisted up the At lantic coast from Nantucket to Maine The death list stood at 167 Close to persons were homeless and the property damage mounted to around The worst havoc from the rivers was in New England Cities of Desolation Hartford and Middletown in Con necticut were cities of waste and desolation all power cut off by the raging Connecticut river In Hart ford however the thousands of homeless found joy as the crest of the flood appeared past Five hundred additional troops were brought into Hartford to pre vent looting and aid in rescuing stranded persons Sporadically the danger spread throughout the northeastern states Webster Jake largest in Massa chusetts threatened to break its gates All available persons in Web ster with the entire town in danger of inundation sought to save the dam and gate Small Dams Crumble In Maine and New Hampshire the Saco river in its rush to Atlan tic imperiled new areas Small dams frequently crumbled before the pow er and ceaseless pounding of the water Emphasizing the danger from pestilence typhoid vaccine was rushed to New Hampshire areas from Boston by airplane Continuing rains intensified the recurring danger not only in New England but in upstate New York Rising lakes in the Adirondacks and Finger lakes sections of New York brought fears of new disaster Throughout the JohnstonPitts burghWheeling areas the snow hampered rehabilitation Blizzard Along Ohio On down the Ohio river as the flood crest reached Huntington W Va and as the river Inundated lowlands on down the valley as far as Cincinnati the snow turned into a virtual blizzard Red Cross officials fearing many deaths from exposure hastened supplies to the cold water swept cities Stimulating the work of recon struction in the devastated areas President Roosevelt allocated of federal relief funds to the works progress administration for repairs and replacements In his order the president gave blanket authority to the WPA to restore roads streets bridges sewers water and electric works and other damaged public proper WFA Workers Harry L Hopkins WPA admin istrator told the president he could put workers in the 10 stales I where property losses are heaviest j Massachusetts Vermont New Hampshire Connecticut New York Pennsylvania Maryland West Virginia and Ohio Mr Roosevelt again postponed hisfishing vacation cruise but ar ranged to leave Sunday if condi tions warrant Showing the effects of the flood on rich farmlands throughout the east Massachusetts state agricul tural officials estimated that the Connecticut river valley was losing soil at a terrific rate enough to cover 20 acres seven inches deep every bout Fear Greater Loss Over the debris strewn areas of waste rescue officials feared toe loss of life would increase as work men tore through the ruins of buildings and as rivers receded A survey showed the following death list for the affected states Pennsylvania 113 West Virginia 18 Massachusetts 8 Maine 5 Ver mont 5 Maryland 4 Virginia 4 Connecticut 3 New York 2 North Carolina 2 Georgia 2 New Hamp shire 1 Ohio L NEW ENGLAND Heavy rainfall added to the perils at Hartford where the Connecticut river raged unabated at a record high The city was nearly isolated ;