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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1957, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION 1 VOL LXlil Associated Preu and United Prcu Full Wlru Stvcn Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 20 1957 This Paper Consists ol Two Ont NO m Macmillan in Bermuda tor Meeting With Ike The World Around Us A Breath of Fresh Air in Finland Number 105 EDITORS is one of a series of daily reports by our editor on a trip by air around the world How people live and how they feel toward America are more em phasized by Mr Hall than scenic features By W EARL HALL fELSINKI was like a breath of fresh ing into little Finland just twice the area of Iowa after a week in Communist Russias atmos phere of regimentation Our approach to this climate of freedom was heralded when from our compart ment on a Len ingrad to Hel sinki train we seeing haystacks with a pike extend ing from the center T h a ts as much a sym bol of Scandi navian agricul t u r e as red W EARL HALL barns are the hallmark of rural Iowa Soon we began to see neat painted houses and farm build ings and we knew we were enter ing a land where people do things because they MAY not because they MUST Never have I seen the fruits of individual initiative more impressively demonstrated Reach Karjala Actually however we hadnt yet entered presentday Finland We were in Karjala the square mile area seized by Rus sia back in 1940 after the Finns were overwhelmed by the mere fact of Russian numbers Histori cally racially and in every other way Karjala should be a part of Finland Our 225mile journey by rail from Leningrad to Helsinki which took 15Va hours in the typically inept style of things Communist led through one of the worlds most remarkable forest areas mostly pines with a few birches added for decorative seemingly purposes Carved out of the forests were little patches of farm land with a distinguishing mark I havent noted anywhere else in the world Every field is cut up into a series of strips about 30feet wide Be tween these strips are shallow pathlike ditches Thats precise ly what they Short Growing Season Lower Finland has a growing only a little more than two months Further north in Lapland its even shorter Its therefore necessary to make full use of every hour of the precious warm weather And thats where these ditches come into the pic ture Their function is to drain away the melted snow in the shortest possible time so that planting operations can be started Hel sinki which like Leningrad is ex periencing its mildest winter in 50 years has ah average annual snowfall of 75 inches Melting therefore is no overnight process Forest products lumber and paper at the heart of Finlands economy but enough food is grown here to take care of the little countrys four and a half million people of them here in this lovely capital SECRETARY WILSON Solons Laud Wilson for Jobs Cutback WASHINGTON UPs Sen Byre DVa called on Secretary oi Defense Wilson Wednesday to ex pand and extend on a worldwide basis a proposed 12 per cent cut in Defense Department office workers in the Washington area Sens Hickenlooper RIowa and Mansfield DMont joinec Byrd in applauding Wilsons an nouncement that he had told the Army Navy and Air Force to eliminate military and ci vilian jobs here in the year be ginning July 1 No Military Cuts WHson said he will order simi iar cuts in many defense head not in combat units home and abroad Byrd saic this was encouraging but he urged Wilson to order across the board cuts at American installa tions all around the world There would be a quite sub stantial budget saving if thi could be made to apply to the entire defense Byrd said The federal govern ments annual civilian payroll runs about billion and rough ly half of it is for the Defense Department No Efficiency Loss I think Secretary Wilson coulc apply a 12 per cent cut at mos of these headquarters and base without losing any he continued and estimated an acrosstheboard cut would sav about million a year Wilson told a news conference Tuesday he was having some difficulty in keeping current de fense spending within scheduled Presidents Arrival by Ship Awaited Hope to Patch AngloU S Rift TUCKERS TOWN Bermuda UP Prime Minister Macmil an flew into Bermuda during a rainstorm Wednesday for urgent alks with President Eisenhower on the Middle East crisis and half a dozen other world issues Eisenhower winding up a weeks health cruise on the cruiser Canberra was due here ater in the day Macmillan was greeted by Lt Gen Sir John Woodall British overnor of the islands and other highranking dignitaries Within 15 minutes after land ng Macmillan climbed into the governors car and set out for the Vlid Ocean Club where he and Eisenhower and their foreign ministers will do their talking for the next four days Chief Purpose One of their chief purposes is to try to lay some practical basis for rebuilding the BritishAmeri can partnership which has been a cornerstone of the free world alliance since the end of World War II The partnership was vir tually wrecked by the Middle East crisis last fall Diplomats said top priority in the talks had to go to the most urgent aspects of the Middle East crisis involving Israel and Egypt Macmilian was expected to ask the President to exert more vig orous and determined American leadership The British are re ported to feel that American pol icy has been lacking in decisive ness and depended too heavily on the United Nations Other Other Middle East problems slated for discussion include the operation of the Suez Canal and relations with Egypt and Syria the Arab states most closely linked to Russia In addition a review of Western relations with Russia the pros pects for further freedom pres sures in Eastern Europe the strength of the North Atlantic Al liance and possibility of modify ing the trade embargo with Rec China arc set for debate In a statement Maumillan said I am sure that our talks wil be valuable and will help to builc up the strong traditions of Anglo Dozen Wars Racially and languagewise the Finns are closely related to Hungarians and Esthonians Their forebears are believed to have originated in the Ural Mountains Historically Finland and Sweden have been allied against Russia for a thousand years or more The annals record as many as a dozen separate wars and present amity with the Communists is based more on necessity than de sire The past has not been for gotten Theres an unmistakable friend ship for America among these rugged Finns Im glad Theyre the kind of people I want on our aide in our lifeanddeath struggle with that most evil philosophy ever unloosed on mankind called Communism limits and we will have a lot of work to hold down costs in the new fiscal year beginning July 1 Hickenlooper said he thinks it would be a good thing if other department heads follow Secre tary Wilsons lowans Desire U S Payroll Cut First Says Poll WASHINGTON Martin RIowa said Wednesday that lowans answering a questionnaire he sent out said they favor re ducing the federal payroll for eign aid and public works proj that order Martin said he mailed out 348 questionnaires to Iowa town and country residents and has re ceived replres From among six categories he asked lowans to check the three they believed should be cut most in federal spending The respons es were as follows Federal payroll foVeign aid public works Responses were less favorable to reducing federal aid to states municipalities schools agricul ture small business and national defense American friendship and coopera READY FOR SEA At left is the Mayflower II as she appeared a year ago with ribs showing at a Bixham England shipyard At right is the Mayflower II now as she is almost completed for her Atlantic crossing next month The 180ton vessel is a gift of friendship from AP Wirephoto Britain to the U S Except for plumbing navigation equipment and an auxiliary engine the craft is an exact copy of the ship which took the Pilgrim Fathers to America in 1620 Stable Manager Fees Admitted by Brewster Pay Boost Approved by House DES MOINES Iowa House voted Wednesday to in crease the top salary of Iowa conservation officers from to a year The measure went to the Senate by a 991 margin after members were warned their action woulc be interpreted as a policy on sal ary increases for the rest of the session Expense Account Rep Emi Novak RCedar Rapids said the Iowa salaries for conservation officers is almost the lowest in the Conservation officers get a annual expense account and the use of a slate car The House began debate on a tion upon which the life and future resolution calling for an annua of the free world Woman Burns to Death in Hospital MARSHALLTOWN eld erly Marshalltown woman burned to death shortly after noon Wednesday in her room at Mercy rlospital here where she was a patient She was Nellie Cath Wholesale Prices of Food Climb Sharply YORK food prices as measured by the Dun Bradstreet index went up sharply this week At the index com pared with last week and was per cent higher than the yearago weeks The figure was the highest since Sept 27 1955 when the index stood at and the 8cent jump was the biggest in one week since an 11cent hike last May 15 78 The cause of the fire was not determined but Dr Haroid Sauerj Marshall County coroner spec ulated that Mrs Gathers fell asleep smoking in bed Nurses on the floor smelled smoke and traced the source to Mrs Gathers room on the first floor in the west wing of the build ing The fire was confined to the one room and caused little property damage except to the bed clothing session of the Legislature but de ferred action because of some technical changes that had to be made in the resolution The resolution is generally sim ilar to one passed by the House in the last two sessions But in each case it died in the Senate State Licenses Food establishments which are not now required to have state li censes would need to get them under a bill passed by the House on a vote of 940 and sent to the Senate Exempted would be ciga stores drug stores childrens sof drink stands schools selling re freshments at athletic contests and produce stations A bill to give State Pharmacy Hoffa Fischbach Indictments GRATIFY McCLELLAK WASHINGTON Iff James R Jimmy Hoffa bouncy little bigshot of the Teamsters Union Wednesday faced an indictment accusing him of conspiring and bribing to get secrets of the Sen ates racket probers Named codefendant with the 44yearold Hoffa is Hyman I Fischbach Miami attorney who in the past has served as counsel to congressional investigating committees Chairman McClellan DArk of the special Senate commit tee probing labor union activities said he was gratified at the prompt indictment He expressed the hope Hoffa apd Fishbach will be tried at an early The threecount indictment against Hoffa and Fishbach was returned late Tuesday before Federal District Judge Richmond B Keech No date was set for the defendants to answer Federal prosecutors said there was no urgency since both Hoffa and Fish bach already are under bond HYMAN FISCHBACH FRANK BREWSTER Mickey Bros File Bankruptcy Petition DAVENPORT UP Hickey Brothers operators of 63 re tail tobacco outlets from Iowa to the East Coast Tuesday filed a petition in federal court for vol untary bankruptcy The petition said the firm founded in 1901 by William A and Dennis J Hickey had suf fered substantial losses since 1950 The firm said it would ne gotiate with hotels and other re tailers to take over the units in the hope of preserving employ ment for its workers and getting maximum recovery for creditors Board examiners the power to es tablish regulations for enforce ment of a uniform narcotics drug act also was passed The vote was 3020 The measure would give state narcotics agents the status of peace officers 51 New Industries in 1956 Set Record DES MOINES Fiftyone new Iowa industries provided lowans new job possibilities last year thus setting a new rec ord the Iowa Development Com mission reported Wednesday The figure was nearly 5 per cent great er than the potential jobs created by 40 industrial newcom ers to Iowa in 1955 the commis sion said BULLETIN SEATTLE Un ion President Dave Beck said Wednesday that on advice of counsel he will bring his per sonal records to the special Senate committee investigating alleged labor rackets Britain Faces Worst Strike Since 26 General Walkout LONDON government page since the general strike of tribunal Wednesday rejected wage demands by workers on the nationalized railways and a trans port walkout appeared inevitable The nation already hit by a shipyard strike and an engineer ng workers crisis appeared headed for its worst work stop Spring Heralded by Sunny Skies Temperatures were due to climb Wednesday as Iowa herald ed the arrival of spring The official spring arrival time was Wednesday and Lhc Iowa scene generally was marked by sunny skies and south erly winds Heavy snow which fell Monday across the northern third of the state was expected to disappear rapidly under the warm sun Highs Tuesday afternoon ranged from 35 at Mason City to 43 at Council Bluffs Low readings ear ly Wednesday ranged from a nip Insurance Man Linked to Probe insurance man paid him the WASHINGTON UPi Frank W Brewster testified Wednesday he received a year in 1951 1952 and 1953 as stable manager for a Seattle insurance man who was making a year in broker age fees on Teamsters Union Wel fare funds Brewster said George Newell money Brewster told the Senate Rack ets Investigating Committee the money was salary paid for a job which he said required him to get up at a every day to supervise the walking of Newells race horses Called Commission Robert F Kennedy committee counsel said Newell had listed the payment for 1951 on an income tax report as a commis sion paid to Brewster I would not have taken any of the money if I knew it came from Brewster said He added that I cannot help how Newell listed it and that he has Speed Limits Debated Amendment Rejected DES MOINES W The Iowa Senate Wednesday by a 2523 vote turned down an amendment which would have cut fixed speed limits out of a proposed bill now under consideration In its second day of work on the speed limit bill the Senate rejected the amendment by Sen X T Prentis RMount Ayr which would have changed the measure to one granting the high way commission authority to fix maximum limits of between 15 and 50 miles per hour on stretches of highway determined through traffic studies to be dang erous Amendment Vetoed The Senate then disposed of a proposed amendment by Sen Ed ward J McManus D Keokuk which would have required that all travelling on the high ways of Iowa be equipped with mechanical governors to limit their speed to 65 McManus amendment was voted down 3415 The main bill sponsored by 22 senators would set fixed speed limits of 25 in urban areas 50 on secondary highways and for vehicles towing other vehicles65 in the daytime and 55 at night on primary highways Lower Limits In addition the State Highway Commission would be empowered to fix lower limits on certain stretches of primary highways where traffic studies indicate that tho 6555 limits are unsafe Couny boards of supervisors would have the same power in regard to sec ondary roads and cities and towns could fix lower limits for danger ous streets and intersections with in the town limits The highway commission also could set speed limits of up to 70 on fourlane superhigh Another amendment proposed by Sen Lawrence Putney R Gladbrook and 13 other senators would eliminate the daytime speed limits and fix a night time limit of 60 miles an hour Putney said he offered the amendment because he was afraid the bill would fail to pass with both daytime and nighttime limits and half a loaf is better than However the Senate re cessed without votingon it heard the broker changed it subsequently 1926 The railway staff national tri bunal recommended a 3 per cen wage increase for railway workers The workers had de mantled 10 per cent Some union factions urged an immediate walkout but NUR offi cials were expected to seek fur ther talks with the nationalized railroad management before call ing a strike Strikes by engineering workers arc scheduled to start Saturday at factories selected by the execu tive council of the Confederation Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions Although they would be limited at first by April 6 boss could involve some million men plus the shipyard workers who have been on strike since last Saturday The unions have demanded a 10 per cent acrosstheboard pay hike which the employers turned down without making a counter offer Before the questioning got into Brewsters relations with Newell the senators had brought from Brewster that a campaign contribution was made to Gov Goodwin J Knight of California and that he Brewster later in terceded with Knight to get Charles Tail Seattle appointed as San Franciscos port director Left Obscure The clnte amount and method of the contribution were left ob scure however At San Francisco meanwhile Gov Knight Wednesday denied receiving any financial contribu tion from the Teamsters Union for any of his campaigns He de nied as well that he ever inter ceded in the appointment of the port director The testimony came in the 14th day of hearings by the special Senate Rackets Investigating Commillee It was the third straight day on the witness stand for Brewster the Western Team Rule Out Sabotage in Magsaysays Death MANILA iffi Philippine in vestigators Wednesday ruled out the possibility that sabotage caused the plane crash in which Phillippine President Ramon Mag saysay died Col Richardo Papa deputy con stabularly chief said evidence gathered on Sundays Cebu Island crash indicated no foul play was involved The possible causes were said to have been narrowed down to pilot error and engine failure About The Weather COTY IS 75 PARIS Coty president py 7 at Mason City to 26 at Counjof he French Republic was 75 ctl Bluffs Wednesday 115 Mason City Fair and warmer Wednesday night low 2528 In creasing cloudiness and warm er Thursday high in 50s Iowa Generally fair Wednesday night low 2535 Increasing cloudiness and warmer Thurs day Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average slightly above normal Thursday through next Monday Normal highs 49 north to 56 south Normal lows 27 north to 33 souih Cooler Fri day Warmer Saturday Cooler again the first of the week Pre cipitation will average 15hun dredths of onefourth inch north and onefourth to onehalf inch south occurring as rain early in period and again over the weekend Minnesota Fair much warmer GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 Wednesday Maximum Tuesday 35 Minimum Tuesday night 7 At 8 Wednesday 18 SAME Mat nn trnlfio death In last 31 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum S7 ;