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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCH MOiMES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MAKES ALL NORTH lOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAKCB 1915 INSIDE WASHINGTON MacArthur Likely Choice as Tokyo Push Commander Central Press Capital Staff odds are now greatly in favor of Gen Douglas MacArthur to lead the drive into Tokyo as the fighting fronts move closer and closer to Japan President Roosevelt hinted In his report to congress that Mac Arthur would get the nod for the post and Fleet Adm Chester W Nlmitz lust about clinched it when he said that the invasion of the enemy home islands will be an army function While Washington remains mum the jittery Tokyo radios 2 chief guesses are that American forces will strike next at the Chi nese coast or the Japanese home land One thing the Japs can bank on is steppedup bombing of their industrial potential Despite the heavy majority by which it passed the house the nurse draft bill faces rough going m the senate Senators generally are no more enthusiastic about crafting nurses for the armed services than they have been about drafting labor to work in vrar plants As a result the bill is expected to undergo painstaking scrutiny the senate military affairs com mittee and on the senate floor The house has been disposed to go along with the military on home front mobilization legisla tion But the senate is inclined to question the judgment of the mili tary on such matters Look for much of the past ani mosity between the white house and congress to disappear as the Dumbarton Oaks proposals and various treaties are submitted to the senate The tipoff was President Roosevelts Prompt appearance Torc a joint Session of congress immediately after his return from tne Crimea conference to explain the Yalta decisions Senator Robert A Taft H of Ohio said He didnt tell me any thing I didnt already know But Tafts criticism was mild as com pared with the raging anger in congress a year ago It merely in dicates that republican wrath has subsided considerably In fact republicans joined most of the democrats in congress In praising Mr Roosevelts discus sion V War proaches yictory congressmen areexpectedifijf sUp quietly out of the country for a personal inspecion of affairson the other side of the Atlantic Rep Clare Boothe Luce R of Connecticut New Englands blond contribution to the house has flitted to London and ivill visit Italy before returning to Wash ington As Mrs Luce departed Rep Al bert Gore D of Tennessee re turned after spending 3 months overseas incognito with the allied military government Rep Everett M Dirksen R of Ilinois has a sizable traveling fund given him by his constituents who want liim to keep informed through person al travel Despite the agreements at Yal ta for the postwar policing of Oermany army officers are still Deeply concerned over the poli cies which will dictate the kind of economy that nation will be al lowed to have in the future The overall goal of course Is to keep from the Germans the means to embark in the future on any major straggle with their neighbors bnt the methods to be used in reachinsr this objective re main to be determined The officers believe that abso lute suppression of all German in dustrial production is not the an swer but in itself could well sow the seeds for future wars Instead they contend that a middle ground must be found under which Ger many will be allowed the means Jleeping her civilization alive They favor a program for close supervision of German postwar industry and science until the nazi blight has disappeared from the nations thinking 3RD ARMY CAPTURES WORMS Russians Take Altdamm Suburb of Stettin CLAIM CAPTURE OFBRAUNSBERG INEASTPRUSSIA 2 Czechoslovak Drives Threat to Cut Off Upper Oder Defenses OPA Freezes Price Mark Up for Dealers Washington OPA set up rules Tuesday by which it hopes to cut back shoppers prices of clothing textiles furniture and house furnishings Overnight the agency froze the SJicLmarkups ot approximately 300000 retailers on sales of the affected items Each store was forbidden to charge a greater margin over Us own cost than it did Monday March 19 Thus forthcoming reductions in manufacturers prices which are being restored to the194243 av erage level will be passed on to customers Each retailer affected those who do more than worth business a year in the items listed prepare promptly a chart showing his own margins over net invoice cost for all goods on sale Monday Smaller stores if they wish may continue to price their merchandise tions under old regula Chief purpose of the new order Price Administrator Chester Bowles said is to give consumers direct and immediate benefits resulting from reductions in fac tory prices The regulation becomes a key stone of the joint WPBOPA tex tileclothing program designed to return greater quantities of low erpriced goods to the civilian market It also clears theway for price reductions to shoppers when similar programs now in the planning stage restore production of more less expensive furniture and house furnishings Freezing markups as of Monday will not change present price lev els nor will it recapture price in creases which already have taken place Bowles said It will 476 II Families Hit by Recent Ohio Floods Cincinnati Ohio UR More than 22400 families were evacu their and almost o 24000 buildings damaged or de stroyed in the Ohio rivers recent flood initial tabulations from the flooded area disclosed Tuesday Joseph L carter director of the central headquarters the Amer ican Red Cross Ohio valley re lief operations said that rehabili tate of more than 22400 fam ilies was in progress where the overflow waters had receded Actually some 47611 families were affected by the flood Carter said although less than half that number were forced to flee their homes On the basis of preliminary tab the director announced 60 bams and 80 other buildings were completely destroyed in the areas worst flood in 8 years A total of 20709 additional homes 507 barns and 2639 other buildings were damaged he said exclusive of unaccounted losses in SIM inundated areas BULLETIN London if The first White Russian array has captured Alt damm suburban bastion 4 miles east Stettin Marshal Stalin an nounced Tuesday night in a 2nd order of the day London UR The capture of Braunsberg East Prussian fort ress 38 miles southwest of Koen igsberg was announced by Mar shal Stalin Tuesday in an order the day revealing that Marshal Alexander M Vassilevsfcy was commanding the 3rd White Rus sian army Braunsberg on the coastal rail way near the Baltic was one of 3 large East Prussian cities still in German hands the others are the capital city of Koenigsberg and Heillngbeil 8 miles northeast of Braunsberg Stalins order announcing the capture of Braunsberg and pre saging the early end the East Prussian campaign was addressed to Vassilevsky This was the first word that he had taken over the command vacated by the death in action of Gen Ivan D Cherni akhovsky a few weeks ago In southern Silesia at the other end of the eastern front nazi quarters reported that 2 convere ine RnssUn drives in the Czecho slovak border area threatened to Irap the defenders of the upper Oder vaUey south of Oppeln The renewed Sleslari campaign coincided withia fiarfeup ary where other armies were grinding through the Ger man defenses west of Budapest and around Lake Balaton The nazis acknowledged impressive soviet gains on the route to VI ina Military observers noted that he new activity on the south wine f the eastern front closely fol owed forecasts that fanatical nazis wonld make their last fight in the mountains of southeastern Ger many The possibility was seen hat Alarshal Stalin now was mov ing to block that eventuality Ernst von Hammer nazi radio commentator said Konevs first Jkrainian army was driving 2 wedges from th6 east and north nto the area of Neustadt 4 miles rom the CzechoSlovak border and 27 miles southwest of Oppeln The Russian high command believed itself near a realization of its plans effecting a junction etween these shock wedges von lammer said Such a link would rap the German troops in a pock et stretching 20 miles eastward to he upper Oder Von Hammer said a murder s batlle was goingon between Ratibor at the extreme south vestcrn corner of Silesia and Nesse 48 miles northwest He said the German front wad shifted to the north of Neisse suggesting that the nazis had lost a number of the towns in that On the Hungarian front the Russians were reported to have thrown in all their reserves be tween Lake Balaton and Buda pest In the area of Moor 38 miles west of Budapest the situation admittedly became temporarily critical for the German and Hun garian forces he left wing of the Berlin front the Russians were reported to have wedded more than half a mile into the defenses of Alt aamm across the lower Oder from Stettin Radio Moscow said the Germans frantically were digging in for a sumd to the death at Altdamm raked enemy positions near the ers autpmatically to reduce their prices to whenever their own costs decline Here is an example of how it works A shoe dealer paid a man ufacturer 5 for a pair of shoes and had a markup of 30per cent as of Monday making the retail jrice If the manufacturers price for the same pair shoes went down 50 cents to the dealer still would have the same 30 per cent markup but the re tail price would drop to Some of the other more import ant items covered by the new regulation include Most types of mens womens childrens and infants rayon and woolen clothing and all types of cotton clothing except those un der specific price ceilings Yard goods for home sewing Certain types of furniture floor coverings lamps and bedding Sheets pillow cases towels blankets and curtains The clothingtextile order is in tended to reduce retail prices an average of 6 to 7 per cent Bowles did not estimate reductions to be made in furniture and house fur nishings YANKS BOMB HAMBURG AREA RAF Continues Strike Against Rhine Railways Ixmdon hundred U S heavy bombers attacked Ger man oil refineries submarine TOKYOREPORtS NO ATTACKS BY CARRIER CRAFT Unofficial Sources Expect Task Force to Resume Assault Guam A powerful Ameri can carrier fleet apparently broke off its assault against Japan tem porarily Tuesday after launching 1400 planes against Kure the enemys biggest naval base and the great port of Kobe Monday Radio Tokyo usually first to report new raids on the Japanese homeland said no attacks were made Tuesday The carrier Planes had bombed Kyushu southernmost of the Japanese home islands on the opening day of the current offensive Sunday Most unofficial sources ex pected the fleet presumably Vice Admiral Marc A Mitschers famed task force 58 would re sume its attacks within the next 24 to 48 hours however Pacific fleet headquarters ear ly Tuesday confirmed Japanese repprts that the carrier planes shifted the main weight of their assault from Kyushu to southwest Honshu Monday It was possible that the planes caught a sizable portion of the elusive Japanese fleet at Kure 413 miles southwest of Tokyo Other tempting targets at the im perial naval yard include the nav al arsenal aircraft engine plants and a 30ton electric steel furnace The sector around Kure is among the most strongly fortified in the Japanese homeland Kobe 160 miles east of Kuie still was Jthe smoultierfng debris ftiy 2300 o r 48 hours earlier when ittie carrier planes struck Monday Kobe is Japans biggest port Other objectives In and around the inland sea also were attacked the Pacific fleet communique said The inland sea is hounded by northeast Kyushu northern Shi koku and southwest Honshu Tokyo broadcasts said objec tives on Shikoku and the Osaka lobe area of Honshu were raided for 9 hours A Japanese communique said that Japanese planes sank 2 American warships of unknown type and shot down 137 carrier planes in attacks on the carrier force off southern Japan Monday The claims apparently were in addition to those of another Japa nese communique Monday which said 5 American ships had been sunk one heavily dam set and 16 planes shot down Tokyo also said that the carrier force was made up of the main strength of task force 58 and in cluded 15 to 16 aircraft carriers in 5 different groups The broadcast admitted that 20 Japanese planes had failed to re turn from attacks on Sunday and Monday Seven others were listed as damaged Pacific fleet headquarters said marines mopping up 750 niles south of Tokyo continued o search out snipers and isolated remnants of the Japanese gar rison Monday Army fighters from Two bombed and strafed the islands of Chichi and Haha in the Benin group Sunday Only one enemy fighter was observed in the air at Chichi yards and port facilities in the Hamburg area Tuesday while big RAF bombers continued the cam paign to smash railroads behind the Rhine battlefront British fleets totaling 500 planes hit Germanys largest freight yards at Hamm and another rail way Junction at Recklinghansen on the northern fringe of the Ruhr Hundreds of other planes B29s Destroy Huge Tokyo Areas London UR An amazingly frank Japanese broadcast re ported by the BBC said Tuesday that whole districts of Tokyo were destroyed totally by Ameri can Superfortresses a few nights ago The raid of which Ihe Japanese gave a vivid accounts apparently was the 2300ton incendiary at tacks by more than 300 Super fortresses on March 10 i During the night we thought the whole of Tokyo had been re duced to ashes a broadcaster said That night will remain in the memory of all those who wit ness it The reports compared the bomb ing Tokyo with the heaviest obliteration raids on Germany and said that more persons were bombed out than in the heaviest WHERE YANKS CLOSE IN ON GERMANSAnows lo cate advances by U S 3rd and 7th army troops reducing the Germanheld area shaded west of the Rhine In the north small gains were reported by the 1st east of the Rhine river army MRS BREWER OWN ATTORNEY Resume Trial on Charge of Assault Osage Helen Schulfz Brewer acted as her own attorney when her trial on a charge of as sault with intent to commit mur der was resumed in district court Tuesday Three state witnesses were heard during the morning all of them persons living near the farm of Mrs Brewers father Joseph Schultz 12 miles east of Charles City The charge against Sirs Brewer resulted from an alleged attack by her on Sheriff B F Atherton when he went to the Schultz farm with a search war rant during a hunt for stray calves The witnesses Donald Wagner Gottlieb Leder and Wilbur Leder all testified they saw Mrs Brewer with the calves the sheriff was Mrs Brewers cross seeking Most of examining was on the testimony Beachhead on sland Manila UR American inva sion forces expanded their beach head on Panay 6th largest of the Philippine islands to more than 28 square miles Tuesday and were rapidly closing in on the capital city of Iloilo Combat teams of Maj Gen Ranp Brushs 40th division veter ans of the California national guard reached 7 miles of invasion Sunday and may already be at the city Iloilo on Panays southern coast fronting on Iloilo strait has one of the best anchorages in the central Philippines The main Japanese strength on the island is believed centered around the capital which had a prewar pop ulation of 90000 The landing on Panay a 4611 square mile island in the Visaya group and the seizure of tiny raids on the reich The man who invented and carried out the large scale attacks on Hamburg fs now directing at tacks on Japan from the Marianas the radio said The reference ap parently was to Maj Geu Curtis Lemay chief 61 the Zlst bomber command He repeated here in Tokyo what he once learned in Germany In a raid on Tokyo a few nights ago owing to various un favorable circumstances fire caused by incendiaries swept away whole districts of the Japa nese capital which burned to the ground the broadcast said OVERRIDE HOUSE SIFTING GROUP Amendment to Ehll DesMoines The house Tuesday overrode its sifting com mittee by adding to a secondary road measure an amendment to increase the state gasoline tax from three to four cents a gallon The vote 79 to 22 The original bill would permit county supervisors to increase the levy for secondary road main tenance The Colburn amendment would give threefifths of the in creased revenue to secondary road of streets Colburn estimated that in the postwar period the additional one cent tax would bring in an addi tional per year Northern Iowa members of the house opposed the gas tax In crease because they felt their sec ondary roads were in satisfactory condition that the increased gas tax would go for improvement of southern Iowa secondary roads Southern Iowa renresentatives RADIO REPORTS OF3RDAND7TH ARMYJUNCTURE German Defenses in Saar Basin Collapse as Yanks Clean Up BULLETIN With U S 3rd Army If The third army Tuesday captured Worms reached Mainz and enter ed and passed beyond Kaisers lautem Paris Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army entered Kais erslautern Tuesday and German defenses in the Saar basin virtual ly collnpsed as the 3rd and 7th armies raced to a junction near the Rhine Entrance of the key Saar center meant a finish to organized Ger man defense in the Saar for it was the main supply point of the whole area a front line dispatch announced The entry was made by the 80th infantry division Pattons 4th armored division rushed beyond Alzey and ap proached the Rhine communica tions cenfer of Worms The tanks were at least within 9 miles of the ancient Germanic city of 42000 and a front line dis patch said entry was expected be fore nightfall An unconfirmed Luxembourg broadcast said the 3rd and 7th armies already had effected a junction in the Saar It also declared that Worms had been captured and that Mainz on the Rhine had been reached Fighting was proceeding in Kais erslautern the radio said In 7 blazing days Fattons of fensive has inflicted at least 45 ODD casualties oil the original 000 Germans in the RhlneMo selleSaar pocket Correspondent E D Ball said in a dispatch from Prisbners alone iip to 20000 arid the 7th army had taken at least 4000 additional Pattons troops crashed to with in 4 miles of the major Palatinate road center Kaiserslautern and captured Alzey 23 miles from the chemical centers of Mannheim and Ludwigshafen on the Rhine The 3rd army was less than 25 miles from the 7th army in the Kaiserslautern area Ball mes saged With the Siegfried line flanked the 3rd and 7th army should meet shortly somewhere near the Rhine Pattons army captured 8355 prisoners Monday alone and 45 or more towns The 7th army attacking the Saar and Palatinate from the south breached or threatened the main Siegfried line In a 12mile stretch between Saarbruecken and Zwei bruecken The 7th was itself bid ding for a clean breakthrough to snap a trap shut on Germans re maining in the heart of the Saar and AP Correspondent Lewis Hawkins reported A dimout was imposed atnoon u movements of the 7th armys iMalanaui island off southern Min were for the increase but had been danao also on Sunday brought to unable to set it out of the sifting She asked Wilbur if he heard the sheriff call her a dirty yellow up but the question was over ruled on objection of Wesley Henke one of the prosecuting attorneys The judge also 3enkes objectio ported by an air and naval bom bardment went ashore on Panay at Tigbauan 14 miles west of Iloilo without opposition and quickly split into 2 forces one i iij imr ban Francisco Formally I sneak Wo1 the pasture1 r ir11 nd you see the sheriff breets freed Soldiers their last pocket on the east bank of the Oder above Berlin It quoted German prisoners as say ing that troops who fell back across the river would be handed or shot Berlin acknowledged however that the Russians had whittled down the Altdamm pocket to 25 miles in savage attacks with 3 armies The latest soviet penetration was scored on the southeast Berlin said Due east of Berlin the Germans said naii artillery and mortar fire collapsed 2 sovietheld bridges ss the Oder 30odd miles from nari capital RnssUn attacks on the west bank between Frank furt and Kuestrin ceased it least emporarily Berlin said Buy yonr War Bonds and yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy front after knocking out nearly 5000 German vehicles Monday U S 8th air force Flying Fort resses and Liberators escorted by 300 fighters hit the BlohmVoss Uboat construction yards and various other installations in Hamburgs vast harbor area and the natural oil refineries at Hem mingsledt 55 miles northwest of Hamburg Fortresses and Liberators from Italy carried forward the air campaign of ruin and devastation In Austria smashing railyards at AMnstelten and Wels on the main line from Vienna to Munich after their recordbreaking assault on German rail installations Tues day The U S 9lh air force flew more than 1000 sorties from for ward continental noon losing one bases before lighter Four ll nazi ships were destroyed aground and one in the air San Francisco UR Formal welcoming ceremonies were scheduled Tnesday for the 2nd group of American soldiers to ar rive in the United States after their liberation from Japanese prison camps The 338 returnees reoutfitted in new army clothes were to par ticipate in a forenoon parade and to receive gold lapel medallions from Mayor Roger Lapham A steak luncheon at the Mark Hop kins hotel was to conclude the ceremonies Awards for gallantry and hero ism were presented Monday to 25 men during military ceremonies at Letterman General hospital where the liberees were sent on their return last Friday The distinguished service cross was presented Maj John J Bren nan medical corps Waterloo for extraordinary heroism in at tending to casualties under fire at Abucay Hacienda Bataan Jan 2224 1942 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy sustained to her ques you and visors to anticipate gas tax rev comrades still west ot the Rhine enue ancl lsslje bonds for ondary road improvement lost 14 to 23 This Kep George E Farmer R driving east and the other north j Cedar Rapids sought an amend choke me One column pushed 4 miles in land along a singletrack gravel road through Panays rice paddies and seized the town of Cordova The 2nd force raced eastward It was the 3rd time the case had been up for trial in 2 months a i JIHJ1IL11S Twice previously it was continued because of illness of the defendant Weather Report try to nr ino Iorce eastward I along the southern coast captured 6 villages and plnneed into Oton only 7 miles from Iloilo At Oton the troops were less than 5 miles southwest of Man durriaw with its 4500foot sod FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night Warmer in west portion Wednesday increasing portion cloudi ness and warmer with moderate to strong winds Iowa Fair Tuesday night Warm er in west portion Wednesday increasing cloudfness and warmer with moderate to strong Minnesota Clear Tuesday night partly cloudy Wednesday wanner north central Tuesday night and south and east Wed nesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 42 Minimum Monday 30 At 8 a m Tuesday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum ment which would have pre vented refunds on the extra cent for gasoline used for agricultural purposes That lost 86 to 14 Rep Carroll A Lane R Carroll at tempted to include another senate measure which wonld provide for transfer of SI500000 per year in 191B and 1947 from the primary road fund to the secondary road fund This lost 67 to 21 In between the votes on the ded airstrip The runway is al t most large enough to accommodate i Schwenge Farmer and Lane big B29 Superfortresses j Amendments the house voted 71 to Destroyers froi thur D Strubles mand and 13th air force bombers i At last reports there still were bridges at Worms Ludwigshafen Speyer Germmersrieim and pos sibly opposite Karlsruhe North of the Moselle the 1st army lengthened its Rhine bridge head to miles and captured a 2nd airfield In its 8 miles width The Americans had emerged Into flat tank country leading to the Ruhr 17 miles to the north reinforcements poured to this critical front jutting within 287 miles of Berlin The whole Saar valley appeared to be already sealed off although there was no official announce ment The last geiaway doors were fast being slammed on the and fighters laid down an explo sive screen as the troops hit Pa nays loose sand and gravel beaches MacArthnrs communique said the landing was effected with complete tactical as well as stra tegic surprise and the troops went ashore with practically no loss The Japanese were completely thrown off balance by the inva sion and their defense forces still were disorganized as the Ameri cans expanded their 2pronged of fensive The American drive was ex pected to be aided materially by Filipino guerrillas The guerrilla force on Panay was one of the most effective in the entire Philip pines It was on Panay that Tomas Confessor former governor of the province and now President Scr 16 igio Osmcnas secretary held out His in Civil War and Ogden Ulah UR Joseph Manning took an essential war job at the Clearfield naval sup ply depot the pro posed workorjail legislation didnt have anything to do with it Manning went to Salt Lake City employment agency to demand a war job because be said Theres not enoughyoung fellows willing to do the too busy hanging around beer parlors Manning who served as a drummer boy in the Civil war marched to the sea with Sher man and fought in the Indian wars will be 100 years old May 25 land The stream of prisoners was the steadiest since DDay Steady patrol activity across the lower Rhine north of Dues seldorf and the frantic rush of to lne area 29 mites from the 3rd army vanguards showed plainly the German fears that the Rhine soon might be crossed at many points Unverified reports reaching su preme headquarters said the 3rd and th army already had achieved a juncture farther west Saaroruecken area scaling off Germanys last great war in dustry belt short of the Ruhr The Ruhr itself was partly con quered many of its factories were smashed by shells whining as far east as Essen The first army east of the Rhine drove 214 miles east of the Ruhr Frankfurt superhighway and cap ;