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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OE or ARCHIVES UQ I MtS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT QtVfMOKE MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL L Associated Press and United Pies Full Leased Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 20 1944 This Paper Consists of One NO lit IIOne Mans Opinion A Kadio Commentary by W HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Mason Cllv Sunday 4 p KHMO Hinnilxt Tuesday p WSLI Cltj Thorsdiy v WOI Ames Fridij p m KSCJ City Iriday p Todays Prospect for Lasting Peace JUST A YEAR ago I launched this series of onceaweck com mentaries My first talk was titled Shall We Plan for Peace or War On this occasion start ing my second year on the air I think it might be appropriate to consider the same subject taking into account the important changes that have occurred on both the military and the diplomatic fronts My principal observation a year ago was that Americans quite generally had shaken oft their isolationist tendencies It had been revealed that the one big thing wrong with isolationism was that it didnt work We had counted on our insulation behind several thousand miles oE ocean water to keep us out of war It was a comfortable and com forting philosophy as lone as it lasted But one December day in 1911 it blew up in our face We abandoned it not because we wanted to but because there was no other course That general observation of a year ago could be repeated and with increased assurance There is added proof today that United HEAVY TOLL IS FEARED AS BUS LEAVES BRIDGE Estimate Between 8 and 30 Dead in New Jersey Accident Passaic X J A bus plunged from a bridge into the Passaic fiver channel Monday with a death toll still variously estimated from 8 to 30 persons hours later Only 7 persons were rescued and one of these died in a hos pital The bodies of three women were recovered making a known death toll ol 4 while officers said other bodies might have been carried downstream by the tide Michael ShtdosLy 3S year old factory worker who watched from a third floor window said he saw 12 or 13 persons in the water some of them with bloody heads and I saw four of them go down Stanley Raymond 35 told from his hospital bed of swimming among corpses inside the bus and finally making his way out the emergency rear door which had flown open as the bus crashed through the bride railing and dropped 15 feet into the icy stream Virtually every seat was occu pied and there were a few stand ees Raymond said Other survivors estimated the death toll from 8 to 30 as author ities awaited the arrival of a der Reds Take Mogilev Pursue Nazi Troops Into Bessarabia FLYERS PASS VESUVIUS ON WAY TO bombers of the 12th and 15th air forces wing their way past Mount Vesuvius on their mission to blast the Germans out of Cassino The concentrated bombing reduced the Italian town to rubble and paved the way for the entrance ot allied tanks and troops of Passaic and was bound into Wallington and WoodRidge site of a huge airplane engine plant The bus skidded on the bridge and ripped down about 30 feet of guard rail before it dropped Into the channel recently deep ened for tugboat traffic States will not again indulge itself in the illusory folly of security through aloofness If popular will prevails we shall not again shirk our world responsibilities AFTER ruling out another jaunt down Isolation Blind Alley as a likely or even a possible course for America in future world af fairs I proceeded in this commen tary of a year ago to consider the other roads which lay open to us First there was world empire which had brought ruin and de a brief hour of to Greece Persia Carthage Rome Spain France and more latterly Germany The repeated failure of this course I said x argued against it for onr own country in the years ahead Second there was a resurrec tion of the league of nations which had proved incapable of prevent ing war because of certain funda mental shortcomings which I named Chief of these was the lack of machinery to enforce the code of justice and international decency against gangster nations Third there was the possibility of creating a world federation somewhat along the lines of our United States of America Under this concept you and I would be citizens of the United Nations of the World just as we are citizens of the United States This would be an extension of the league of nations idea THIS LAST happened to be my own personal preference I I man kind had advanced far enough up the ladder of civilization to admit of this extension of national sov ereignty into the field of world concept Thats still my prefer ence But Im realistic enough today lo recognize that what I hoped for is not going to come about in the immediate future The ideal of a united nations of the world is rick barge to lift the heavy vehicle from the water 18 feet deep This is my last trip the driver commented an instant before the bus went over the edge Raymond related The Comfort bus line which operated the vebicle iden tified him as Irwin Uhrbach 35 of 76 East Clifton avenue Cliftom married and the father of 3 chil dren He was making only one run Monday because he had worked Sunday the company said Apparently all of those who escaped either swam or were washed out of the emergency door Employes of a Riverside factory making life rafts for the war effort tossed rafts and lumber out win dows and into the streairrtffaciir tate rescue work while several of their number plunged into the wa ter where some of them soon re quired assistance because of the extreme cold Nicholas Mulick of Wallington one of the workmen helped 3 survivors ashore He said he had recently completed a Red Cross lifesaving course First identified victim of the ac cident was a pedestrian knocked from the bridge into the river One of the seven saved was Leroy W Thomas general foreman of the United States Rubber company plant whose employes played ma jor roles in the rescue work Stanley Pavlick of Wellington related that he heard a crash looked from a window in the plant and recognized Thomas floating in the river with the aid oE a bus seat Pavlick obtained a long handled broom and rushed to the edge of the water where he passed an end of the broom to Thomas and towed him to the bank When he told Thomas to climb out however the foreman said I cant Both my legs are broken Pavlick then jumped in pushed Thomas out and went to the aid of Report Hungary Is Occupied by German Troops Ankara report that the Germans are occupying Hungary appears confirmed the Bu charast correspondent of Anadolu Ajans said Monday The correspondent added the occupation apparently came while Regent Nicholas Horthy and his Hungarian military staff were conferring with Adolf Hitler BELIEVE HUNGARIANS REFUSED TO RESIST REDS New York British radio said Monday an Ankara broadcast had announced the oc cupation all strategic points in Hungary by German troops Nazis Reinforce Remaining Points in Cassino Take Hill BULLETIN Allied Headquarters Naples New Zealand infan Irymen fought their way into the last major German strongpoin inside Cassino Monday and began mopping up the remaining paratroopers holding out in a ruined block of houses along the south western fringe of the town Allied Headquarters Naples Germans have succeeded in reinforcing their remaining strong points in Cassiuo and have re gained a hill to the west from 5th army troops in heavy fighting allied headquarters Monday On the towns southwestern fringe allied infantry and armor continued to attack enemy forces hoedup in ruins in and around the Continental hotel About 100 German prisoners were reported taken in the battle or the wreckage ol the hotel in vhose ruins the Germans had in tailed 2 tanks Allied armor novcd late Sunday against the otel stronghold and Associated Press War Correspondent Lynn loinzorling said one enemy tank as knocked out Fifth army troops kept a firm hold on the railway station a mile south of the town although the Germans shelled it heavily vith mortars and artillery a woman who was floating on a ladder thrown in by firemen Charles Naznasky another Unit ed States rubber worker was ta somcthin that must be achieved hen to a hospital suffering from by evolutionary 30 years 100 years or maybe even 500 years Herein lies the principal amend ment I must make to that com mentary of a year ago on the sub ject of future war or peace All of the events on the diplomatic fronts of the world in the past 12 months have suggested a world peace organization erected on the foundations of the old league of nations This course was implicit in the conference of foreign secretaries at Moscow in the meeting of Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin at Teheran and in the meeting of Roosevelt Churchill and Chiang KaiShek at Cairo THE PLAIN fact of the matter is that the spirit of nationalism is still a moving force in this old world of ours No great not Russia not Great Britain not China not willing to accept the delegation of national sovereignty which would be in herent in a world state A fact equally plain is that no Russia not Great Britain not China not is willing to enter any world peacepreserving arrangement that cannot be defended 100 per cent on a basis of national selfinterest And this is the basic consideration that has brought the old league of nations or its equivalent back into the picture as the one most likely tribunal and clearing house in the realm of international rela tionships NOBODY has stated more clearly the reasons for the trend back to the league than the venerable Jan Christiaan Smuts of Soulh Africa Here let me quote a few Turn to Page 2 exposure after he had gone to the aid of a man in the water He got the man by the hair Naznasky re lated but had to let go when the intense cold caused cramps in his arms and legs He barely saved himself Craig Mellinger a life raff maker said he saw at least 1C people in the water four of whom were saved with boards tossed to them from the raft de partment Stanley Kowalski of Garfield wrought out 2 women after jump ing into the water All of those rescued were given first aid treatment at the rubber plant and then taken to hospitals Fire apparatus rescue squads and police cars from municipali ties on both sides the Passaic thronged the scene The state public utility commis sion had three inspectors on th scene within an hour and a fourth there a little later Joseph E Conlon commission president said in a statement from the first reports we have received the accident was one o the most serious in the history o the state insofar bus operation is concerned Conlon said examination of rec ords at the Wellington office o the Comfort bus line operators o the vehicle probably would yiel an estimate of the number of per sons ordinarily carried on the fata run However he added th storm Monday morning cause particularly heavy riding on a bus lines including the Comtor operation The bridge is about 15 fee above water level Port of New York authentic started a derrick barge to th scene in an effort to raise the bu The bus had traveled the lengt i According to the Ankara re port occupation of Hungary took place the re gent Nicholas Horthy and his commanderinchief were at Hit lers headquarters said BBC The Turkish report says they are believed to have refused Hit lers demand lo resist the Rus sian advance For the past hours the Hungarian radio has been broad casting only German news Storms Take 7 Lives as Spring Opens By The Associated Press Old Man Winter shunted aside n favor of spring a day early this ear let loose with pentup wratl Monday giving the nation some hing to remember him ain and subfreezing temperature vhich claimed at least 7 live iroughout the country The old fellows swan song echoed with fury from New Eng snow fell at the rat f an inch an the deep south where a biting north win luffeted the Texas panhandle The middle west battled driftI ng snow and treacherous sleet vhile snowplows bucked a blizzard n Utah Three traffic deaths resulted rom Indianas dirtiest weather of he winter An automobilist was dlled and a man died from ex posure in Ohio One storm death each was reported in Pennsyl vania and Kentucky As spring made its official bow at p m a day early because of Leap year it found that winter had used its last 24 hours to Blanket the New England slates with snow and lead weather ex perts to predict an 8inch fall be fore the storm abated Sprinkle a steady snow in up per New York state and send a mixture of snow and sleet down on New York City Temperatures dropped beloxv freezing Force an army plane down at Butler Pa as snow and rising winds swept the keystone state The snow was 3 inches deep at midnight Sunday night and the storm reported worst of the win ter at Uniontown and Johnstown Veneer Washingtons streets with ice causing several traffic colli sions and delaying public trans portations systems Send a cold chilly rain down on Charlotte North Carolina and push the mercury down in other southern areas Send snow and rain into Illinois with below freezing temperatures Give St Louis a 2inch snow fall and cover Springfield Mo with a inch of sleet Watch go to work on a 7inch snow fall in Kansas to halt the strict sched ule of the swallows returning to the San Juan Capistranov missioi in California on the tradiiiona St Josephs day arrival As the tanks fired and attack ing New Zealanders battled to enemy from all the mam part of the town large numbers ot prisoners were taken Hcinz erling said it was the biggest ba any day since the 2500 ton jombing of the town and seemed o indicate that the struggle had taken a fresh turn in favor of allied arms The hotel is strategically situ ated in the area where highway 0 leaves the town on its westerly area which Heinzer ling noted the New Zealanders must hold to push beyond Mon astery hill and oul into the broad valley which runs toward Rome But stronglyfortified German hill positions still command that valley and highway 6 from both sides as it curves westward around monastery hill a short dis tance south of Cassino German concentrations in a ducal castle south ot the highway beyond the curve and in the ancient Roman amphitheater in the same area were shelled heavily by oth army guns Sunday The Germans counterattacked strongly early Sunday in the series of ridges between the west ern edge of the town and the ruined Benedictine Abbey atop the towering Monte Cassino pass but by nightfall 5th army forces had wiped out most of the enemy ains As the fighting for Cassino Irags on the belief becomes ever trongcr that the Germans have leveolped a maze of tunnels con necting their positions in the hills id town Sharp local fighting broke out Sunday on the Anzio beachhead md elsewhere on the main 5th army front but an announcement said no important changes oc curred in the front lines Eighth army patrols clashed with the enemy at a number of points The communique also an nounced that a British warship successfully bombarded the en emy on the1 Anzio beachhead Sat urday French light naval forces en countered a small enemy convoy the central Mediterranean sinking three vessels and possi bly a fourth Two more enemy craft were sunk by a U S pa trol vessel west of Anzio and in the Ligurian Sinking of three German E boats and a lighter also was an nounced The allied naval forces suffered no losses JUGOSLAV KING WEDS PRINCESS Ceremony Conducted at Legation in London London old King Peter of Jugoslavia and pretty Princess Alexandra of Greece 23 were married at 4 p in Monday in the Jugoslav lega tion in a private ceremony before a small number of guests King George VI and Queen Elizabeth were among those who witnessed the 25 minute service conducted in 3 Serbian The princess daughter oE the late King Alexander of Greece had arrived at 2 p m 8 a m Central war time in a new lim ousine and darted into the door way displaying a flash of silken hose beneath a mink coat American soldiers peered at the legation from windows across the street One attendant rolled a red carpet across the sidewalk while another hoisted the flag of Pe ters troubled land Huge candles used in the Greek orthodox serv ice were taken into the legation early in the day The engagement of the couple was announced last July 31 but they had been unofficially en gaged since 1942 The king was 20 years old lost Sept G and the princess a pretty brunet will be 23 next Saturday Princess Alexandra a cousin of the Duchess of Kent and a great great granddaughter of Queen Victoria has been working in the allied prisoners of war office She used to serve doughnuts and coffee to American officers and nurses at a Red Cross snack bar in London HIT SOUTHWEST GERMANY WITH NEW ASSAULTS Allied Bombers Drop 20000 Tons on Nazis in Period of 6 Days London bombers carrying forward the nonstop al lied aerial offensive against Adolf Hitlers continental fortress al ready battered by 20000 Ions of bombs in G clays struck targets in southwest Germany Monday The attacking fleet described officially as of medium ably 250 lo 500 American bombs on the reich homeland for the 4th time in the day 2way offensive The British kept the stream o 2way attacks going Monday night From Italy nightflying HAt icavy and medium bombers hi he Germanheld shipbuilding jase at Monfalcone northwest o Ihe Italian Adriatic port of Trieste while from Britain mosciuito blasted objectives in central am western Germany without loss These raids followed tip 5 strong punches landed on Germany and occupied territory Saturday and Sunday by American and British heavy bombers swinging in from both Italy and Britain Available figures indicaled that possibly 30D German fighters were cut from Hitlers waning air strength in the Saturday and Sun day attacks A total of 479 enemy aircraft had been shot down or destroyed during the week beginning last Monday in allied operations from both Britain and Italy This total included 30 German fighters which allied headquarters in Naples said Monday were de stroyed In raids Into Austria Sun day and 2 more destroyed by Mediterranean nir forces else where In 2 days 246 German aircraft had been destroyed in the Medi terranean theater including a large number caught on the ground Judiciary Committee Approves Nomination of Graven for Judge Washington tiPl The senate judiciary committee approvec Monday the nomination of Henry N Graven of Mason City Iowa to be United States district judge for the northern district of Iowa He will succeed Judge George C Scott of Sioux City who resigned MAJOR BATTLE IS DEVELOPING Japs Try to Reach Allied Supply Line New Delhi W The biggest Battle fought In Burma since the f allies were driven oul 2 years ago npparcntly was developing along he Chin hills frontier of India Tuesday where the Japanese have crossed the Chindwin river in orce at several points Stung by the loss of the Hu tawng valley and 4000 casualties in Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells victorious 4months north Burma campaign the Japanese obvious ly were attempting to break through the jungle and reach the supply line which feeds not only Stilwells forces but also those ot Maj Gen Claire L Chennaull in China The Japanese were advancing 2 main directions northward along the west side of the Chin dwin toward the British base of Imphal and westward from a point farther north between Hom alin and Timanthi An allied headquarters com munique said Monday that Amer ican and Chinese forces mopping up in the Hukawng valley had outflanked a Japanese unit cast of Jambu Bu on the Mogaung valley border forcing enemy forces to resume their southward retreat S t i 1 w c lls headquarters an nounced Sunday that an esti mated 4000 Japanese died in the Hukawng valley where allied forces occupied about 1800 square miles or territory in four and a half months Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy n Saturday raids on 5 Italian air fields American marauders attacked the Croil rail center north of Paris and other objectives in France early Monday morning with a thunderbolt escort it was learned authoritatively The raids ranging through Sat urday day and night and Sunday embraced American heavy bomb er attacks against objectives in southern Germany France Aus tria Jugoslavia and northern Italy and a multipronged er RAF operation Saturday night The attacks carried the current allied air offensive through its 5th consecutive period during which bombs have been dropped at the rate of 2 tons a minute throughout each day and night As these operations continued the London Daily Mail said Amer ican 4cngined bombers flying the Atlantic within 10 clays after leaving the assembly line were pouring in at a rate fir outstrip ping any losses thai may be in curred in any raid The volume of traffic in one recent month was IT times as great as a year ago the newspaper quoted the chief of one American command as saying SOVIET TROOPS ALSO CAPTURE VINNITSA BASE Tens of Thousands of Germans Retreating Headlong in Rumania London first and 2nd armies of the Ukraine burst through 2 gaping holes in Hitlers eastern wall Monday driving tens of thousands of Germans into headlong retreat into Rumania and the Carpathian foothills on the border of old Poland In 2 triumphant orders of the day issued only a few hours apart Soviet Premier Josef Stalin an nounced that his fastrolling ar mored columns had captured Mo gilevPodolski a key Dniester river stronghold on Bessarab ian frontier and the central Ukraine base of Vinnitsa 60 miles lo the north Marshal Gregory Zlmkovs first Ukrainian army engulfed Vinnitsa Monday by a direct frontal assault after throwing 2 powerful spear heads around the flanks of the na7i garrison The fall of Vinnitsa collapsed a powerful German salient along the Bug river line and opened the way for a thrust on toward the Polish communications center ot Livow or down lo the southwest into Rumania Simultaneously the 2nd army of the Ukraine raced westward through a 31mile hole in the Dniester defenses toward the Prut river after capturing Mogilev Podolski the biggest German stronghold along the Bessarabian border With the town and its river crossings firmly in their hands the Soviets sent fly inn columns on ahead into Bessarabia in hot pur suit of Nazi Field Marshal Fritz Erich Von Slannstcins broken forces The capture of MogilevPodoI ki had been foreshadowed by Moscow reports that the Soviets had broken into the suburbs of the big city on the Zhmerinka Cernauti railroad The conquest gave the red army control of its 2nd of the 3 Dnies ter rail crossings The 3rd at Gighina 135 miles southeast of MovilevPodolski was the sole one remaining for nuzi troop movements from the OdessnNHo lacv region of the south Kraine where the German positions ap peared doomed Troops of the 2nd Ukrainian front captured MogilevFodolski as a result of a swift maneuver by tanks and infantry Stalin said in his order of the day describing the town as a large rail center and important German dcfcnjo base on the Dniester Stalin paid tribute to troops fighting under 5 generals and one colonel indicating the size the forces Konev had massed in the MogilevPodolski area while other units were pressing on across the Dniester to the south the Mason City branch of the Vinnitsa almost enveloped rail American Association of Univcrjunction anchoring a German sa sity Women andxjvas a member I Kent bulKiiiK far behind the Dnies Mrs Rugland Funeral to Be Wednesday Funeral services for Mrs S L Rugland 31 wife of the former dean of the Mason City junior college now serving overseas as a field director with the Red Cross in England will be held at the Major Memorial chapel at 2 oclock Wednesday afternoon with the Rev M O Lee pastor of Central Lutheran church officiat ing MrsRugland died at a local hospital Sunday morning at 9 oclock following an illness She was born Barbara Jeanne Ott daughter of Mr and Mrs George S Ott at Clear Lake March 27 1312 Upon the completion of her schooling in Clear Lake Mrs Rugland attended the Mason City junior college in 18293D and 193233 Later she attended Carlcton college where she re ceived a bachelor of arts degree in 1937 She completed her library I training at the University of Iowa and began leaching at Glenwood in September 1937 She taught there until January 1938 when she came lo Mason City Mrs Hugland was librarian of the higli school and junior col lege from January 1938 to June 1941 when she was married to S L Rugland She also taught in the junior college and attended the University of California 3 summers and during the summer of 1942 completed all course work for the bachelor of library sci ence degree in the graduate school of library science of that univer sity She received her degree last year after completing final re quirements Mrs Rugland was president of Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcttc carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday slowly rising temperature Tuesday lowest Monday night in Mason City 28 Iowa Increasing cloudiness be coming cloudy Tuesday rain or snow northwest portion Tues day warmer and central portions Monday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Occasional light snow southwest and ex treme west portion Colder northwest and extreme north portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 33 Minimum Sunday night 16 At 8 a in Monday 17 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimum 10 Precipitation 04 Snowfall 1 inch The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 23 Minimum Saturday night 10 At 8 a m Sunday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimuifi 11 Precipitation Ifi Snowfall 350 f he Browning society of Mason fer crossing was evacuated after ity She was also a member of the destruction of all military in hc Central Lutheran church sUllations a Berlin communique Surviving are her husband iervinc in England her mother Mrs George S Oil Clear Lake md a brother Vinccll H Ott Santa Monica Oil who expects o arrive in Mason City for the services She was preceded in death by her father Jan 1937 md by an infant son Feb 12 1944 Burial will be al the Clear Lake cemetery The Major funeral iiomc in charge owan Who Had Been Charged With Driving While Drunk Dies Des Moines K Robin son Rhodes Iowa farmer died at hospital here Sunday from a skull fracture suffered in an au tomobile accident Coroner A E Shaw said Rob nson 30 also suffered rib in juries and a compound fracture of the right arm in the accident which occurred Saturday night when his car collided with 2 other cars on a Des Moines street Robinson was thrown out of his car on to the pavement Highway Patrolman N B Wilson who ar rived a few minutes after the col lision reported Wilson said charge of driving while intoxicated which he filed against Robinson Saturday night would be dis missed Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy reported The nni communique also ad mitted that red army pressure was mounting between the middle Bug and the Dniester reflecting slight hope among the German com manders of stemming the soviet onrush short of thai vital defense line on the border of ihc Ukraine and Bessarabia The fall of Vinnitsa city of 93000 was expected to collapse the entire German salient jutting up behind captured Zhmerinka and supporting the flank ot the crmans in prewar Poland to the west who were under attack by the right wing ot the first army of the Ukraine The reel army employed its now famous squeeze play lo force the Germans out of Vinnitsa without a costly frontal assault it ap peared They had bypassed the city to the south to take Zhme rinka and had left the German garrison only a narrow corridor for escape Only Sunday the soviet units closing against Vinnitsa from the south had captured Strishavka 4 miles from the big base which had lost its value except as a holdout anchor for the German salient Before its investment Vinnitsa was of prime military value as a rail hub and industrial center as well as an outpost guarding the approaches to the OdessaLwoiv railroad which long since had been cut A United Press dispatch Irom Moscow said the battle of the Ukraine was assuming the char acteristics of the long sought bal tlc of annihilation Marshal ;