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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHI 0 E 3 0 I H E j A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION UIWJ VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS ANO UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 20 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 139 YANKS 60 MILES FROM COAST ROAD Arthur Pickford Cerro Gordo Pioneer Dies BEGAN FARMING IN COMMUNITY 67 YEARS AGO Former Farm Editor 87 in Failing Health for Past 4 Years See Pictures on Paee 14 Arthur Pickford 87 fomiei farm editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette and pioneer resi dent of this community died Fri day afternoon at the home of bis son and daughterinlaw Mr and Mrs Lyle Pickford 204 Seventh street northeast For four years since suffering a stroke Mr Pickford had beei in failing health Mr Pickford hud been a resi dent ofCerro Gordo county 87 years a period which spanned the time from pioneer days He operated a farm in this com munity 44 years and served in the 34th and 35th general as semblies He was one of the early directors of the North Iowa fair and was always in tensely interested in betterment of country life Funeral services will be held a the Major Memorial chapel at oclock Monday afternoon wit the Rev Roy C Helfenstein pas tor of the First Congregations church in charge Interment wi be at the Rock Falls cemetery t Mf Pickford is survived b V sons Lyle with whom h made his home Arthur Harold Des Moines and Hollo S Ceda Rapids A fourth son Hugh died in 1928 Born in Shepley Yorkshir England on July 9 1855 M ARTHUR FICKFOKD gregational churches ot Nora piings and Mason City for many years He was liberal in his re igious views placing the best con struction on that term In 1885 Mr Pickford was mar ried to Theo H Sears who died n 1P28 X Mr Pickford up to the time he was well over the four score age showed u youthful interest in the life about him He re tained his bodily and mental faculties up to the time he be came ill four years ago Mr Pickfords activity in the community started in pioneer sur roundings He took his first ex amination for a teachers certifi cate in the bare courtroom of the first courthouse long since torn down Ira Kling was county sup erintendent Other teachers of that period in town and country some of whom became famous were Herbert Quick L L Kline felter Art Sale Dick Montague and Sue Treston Mr Pickford estimated that he taught a total Piekford 11 years later came with of 15 tcrnls ef rura and Emau his parents brothers and sisters to I schools the United States The members of the family settled at Monroe Wis where they lived for a short time going from there to Free port 111 where they lived until 1871 moving then to Monticello Wis Father and son found work in the surrounding woolen mills From his 12th to his 21st year Ar thur Pickford was a mill worker He and his brothers continued their education chiefly with three books the Bible the Queens which came from Eng land and a Life of Abraham Lincoln which was purchased after arrival in America In February 1876 Arthur Pickford with his brother Henry set out for North Iowa traveling overland with team and wagon The story of this trip with its vivid experiences is told at length in Pickfords Westward to Iowa a 97 pane book published in the summer of 1910 A child born and reared in the country after the year 1900 can have little conception ot the isola tion of country life before the coming of the daily mail the rural telephone the good road and the automobile he wrote in this book children were born deaths came and accidents happened then as now Perhaps the country folks then were more selfreliant than now and depended more on old time remedies Certain it is that they could not call the doctor for every little ailment One would have to be really sick be fore a trip was made to town to consult or summon a physician Arthur Piekford and his brother established themselves on a farm some six miles east of Mason City There Mr Pickford began a 44 year career of farming spend ing many of the early winters teaching school While teaching he continued to learn Always a stu dent he made his work as a farmer broaden his outlook on life He was interested in many fields of study among them geology For 25 years Mr Pickford held the office of secretary of the school board of Portland town ship For some years he was a member of the county board of education and for 13 years served as editor of the farm page of the GlobeGazette starting in 1920 when he retired from his farm He also was a salesman for the Mason City Brick and Tile com pany for eight years Interested in all efforts to bet ter the lot of the farmer he served for many years on the board of the local fair For two years he filled the position of president He also worked on farmers short courses which were estab lished here by Professor Holder when the latter became connected with the extension work of Iowa State college WARSHIPS SET JAP POSITIONS IN BURMA AFIRE Nippon Infiltration Tactics Continuing East of Mayu River By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS British warships laid down a firesetting barrage on Japanese positions Friday in the Donbaik area in Burma a communiViue said Thursday and vanguards of Field Marshal Sir Archibald P Wavells forces driving down the coast made progress toward the town of Donbaik itself Donbaik lies near the lip of the Mayu peninsula just north of the big Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay ol Bengal W British headquarters suid nu merous fires were started in the naval bombardment and de clared that Japanese shore bat teries inflicted neither damage nor casualties in attempting to break up the assault East of the Mayu river our po sitions have been maintained anc in the past 24 hours there ha been no important change in tin situation the British commant said Japanese infiltration tactic east of the Mayu river whicl separates the peninsula from th mainland had previously torcci the British to withdraw north o Rathedaung 23 miles above Ak yab and threatened to cut of EISENHOWER lighten gvimncas of liiuiitasks as Gen D wight Eisenhower right above commanderinchicf ol allied forces in North Africa stops for a laugh with American soldiers during an inspection lour somewhere in the Tunisian area Allied troops have started a strong offensive from all sides intended to crush the axis iorces of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Game on KGLO The final game in the stale bas ketball tournament at Des Moines will be broadcast by Station GLO beginning with the start f the clash between Mason City j nd Webster City scheduled at 45 oclock agers to Arrive Vome at 3 Oclock Sunday Afternoon The Mohawk high school basket ball team will arrive home by auto roni Des Moines about 3 oclock Sunday afternoon according to word received from William Bud Suter assistant coach Coal Miners Operators Far Apart NEW YORK Ap palachian bituminous coal upera tors have sent a telegram to the white house but n spokesman de clined lo say Saturday whether ai appeal had been made lo Presidcn Roosevelt to intervene in negotia iions here with the United Mini workers lor a new contract LINE UP FORCES FOR WHAT MAY BE BIG BATTLE Organize Positions as Downpour Makes Plains Too Soft for Tanks By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN SORTH AFRICA ufnntry and armor organized heir positions at Gafsa and El Guetai only CO miles from Mar shal Erwin Rommels coastal road lifeline and set the stage for what nay be one of the biggest battles of the Tunisian campaign Satur day A March downpour which turned the plains into sticky IIORS too soft for tanks Itept motionless however the forces of Lt Gen Gcoree S Patton Jr and dust storms at the southern end of the front where Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys eighth army was poised before the Mareth line held ac tivities at a minimum there He learned to bind giain on a Marsh harvester using straw for jands witnessid an exhibition of self binders that used fine wire for ands which was held in a field north of Mason City When Mr Pickford came to Ma son City in those days he either crossed over the Winnebago river on a bridge near Randalls Mill which was near the present site ot the Decker plant or he forded the river where the Carolina ave nue bridge is now situated In those early years there were thousands of acres of orig inal prairie sod not yet touched by the plow Many of the roads were not yet established on sec tion lines and travel selected the ridges and avoided the low spols Prairie fires were common the late fall and spring sonic of them accidental but more of them in tentional so that the grass would be better feed for cattle which were herded on the lands owned by the nonresidents or so that a better quality of hay might be cut It was free for all and men established a claim on it by mow ing around what they thought they might need and custom gave them a right to it Mason City British forward troops along th coast In the southwest Pacific Gen Douglas MacAltliuVsf headquai ters reported continuing allic aerial attacks against a 2000mi arc of Japanese bases above Aus tralia with bombing and ma chinegunning attacks from the Banda sea to New Britain A communique said united nations airmciv ranging over New Guinea caught a Japanese submarine unloading supplies in Lae harbor Friday night and destroyed it with four direct bomb hits Dispatches said it was believed that the Japanese were now re sorting to submarines to run sup plies to their garrisons in Upper New Guinea fearful of allied air power since the recent destruction of a 22ship Japanese convoy in the Bismarck sea The Japanese however were showing a marked increase in air strength and Friday sent 18 bombers escorted by 2 fighters in a daylight raid onPorlock Har bor New Guinea 50 miles below the old Buna battle sector on the Papuan peninsula A communique said the enemy planes dropped 70 bombs damag ing a wharf and a launch but there were no casualties On the China front a Chinese communique reported that Gener alissimo ChiangKaiSheks armies had crushed a Japanese counter attack launched after the retreat Lowden 82 Former Illinois Governor Who Once Nearly Won Presidency Succumbs youth growing was fast a stripling but gawky and unkempt with perhaps 3000 inhabitants Mr Pickford left a brief obit uary which he closed with this As old age came on his out look was expressed in these lines know the night is near at hand The mists lie low on sea and bay Tiie autumn But 1 have had the day1 of eight enemy columns south of the Yangtze river The Japanese who crossed the river on a 100mile front started their countsoffensive Thursday but were driven back despite aer ial cover leaves go drifting Mme Chiang Receives Cordial Reception on Arriving in Chicago CHICAGO Chiang KaiShek dainty envoy of united nations friendship received a cor dial welcome from the grass roots of middle America Saturday as she rested from her long train trip to this crossroads city Her physicians fearing her frail physique had been weakened by her tumultuous welcome Friday ordered Chinas first lady to re main in bed before resuming a strenuous fourday schedule that includes addressing a public rally conferences with govern ment and Chinese leaders and visit to Chicagos Chinatown Throngs wellwishers gave the tiny lady a rousing welcome at the station Thursday pushing past cordons of police lo view Mme Chiang as she stepped from the train for the only midwestcrr He was a member of the ConI trip stopover of her transcontinental 8 DEAD IN BUS TRAIN COLLISION 25 Others Injured Near Granite City 111 GRANITE CITY 111 east eight persons were killed and 25 others injured in the col lision of an Illinois terminal elec tric train and a bus on the out skirts of Granite City Most of the dead were women and children Victims were taken to a Gran ite City hospital An emergency summons was issued for all doc tors nurses aides and civilian de fense workers in the area The fast Iwocar train was cnroutc from Peoria to St Louis the railroads divisional office at Springfield said The bus driven by Emmctt Warden of Granite City had stopped a few feet from the rail road crossing to take on passeli gers Most of them were residents of Nameoki Warden was only slightly injured The bus was hurled into a ditch between the railroad tracks Pieces of the vehicle were dragged 100 feet along the track before the train came to a stop Lowdcn32 years oldWcnicl war governor of Illinois died Saturday at El Conquestador hotel where he was a winter visitor Tired and feeble when he arrived the elder statesman of republican party suffered an attack of pneumonia two weeks ago gradually grew worse until his death n Only his nurse was with him but members of the family had been in close contact by tele phone as his condition grew worse Lowden lived on his farm near Oregon 111 but spent the win ters in Arizona for his health During the 2n years he spent in active politics Lowden held only two and governor but few men in his tory came closer to the presiden cy of the United States without attaining it His last years were spent luictly hut upon numerous oc casions he was consulted on re publican party affairs by mid western leaders particularly regarding agricultural policies He was recognized as one ot the countrys leading lawyers and was known internationally as an au thority on agriculture This latter attainment made him the favorite son of the midwest as a presiden tial candidate when the long farm slump set in after the first World war Sinnissippi his 5000 acre farm near Oregon 111 was re puted to be the finest agricultural plant in the country The son of a Minnesota blacksmith he had made a biil liant record as a practicing attor ney when in 189l he launched into politics By 1920 he was presi dential timber and until the eve of the national convention of that year his chances for he nomina tion Asked during u luncheon re cess whether a telegram had been sent to the white house Charles ONeill spokesman for the northern operators con firmed that a telesram had been sent 1ml said that he could not reveal its contents now lo Great 1ritain He conferred with President Ilodveiabout a cabinet post in 1B28 and in it was reported that he hart rejected a place as adviser on the farm program of tiie Franklin D Koosevell adminis tration Lowderrwasborn ona farm near Sunrise Minii on Jan 2G 1881 His father Lorenzo Low the den had a blacksmith shop in He the village In Hluii he loaticcl his joods and family into a prairie schooner and trekked to St Paul There the family embarked on a river steamer for Dubuque Iowa traveling thence overland again lo Pleasant Point in Hardin county There Frank went to school for eight years and then at 15 taught tiie school Five years of this gave him enough money for three years at the Uni versity of Iowa He taught an other year and went back to be graduated in 1885 as valedic torian Me taught in the Burlington high school for a year then went to Chicago worked as a law clerk it S8 a week and in one year finished a two year course in the night sessions of the Union Col lege of Law since absorbed by the law school of Northwestern university He was in 1IS37 again as valedictorian and as prize orator as well In the next ctecade he built up a flourishing law business taught federal jurisprudence in his old law sciiool and began to be active in politics In the SpanishAmeri can war of 1898 he was lieuten antcolonel of the first Illinois reporter asked whether an appeal had been made to the presi dent to intervene ONeill declined lo answer pass ing the question with a smile and saying dont blame you for try ing With 11 days remaining before expiration of the present contract on March 31 both the operators and the union representatives said in separate statements during he past two days that they were far aparl 01 the issues John L Lewis UMW presi dent said curlier this week that without a contract the miners would not trcsspass on the op erators property April 1 He is seeking among other things a S3 a day wage increase for 450 000 union members FRANK O LOJVUKX Illinois Governor precedent by declining he place sending word back to the conven tion just before it adjourned through tile medium of the As sociated Press His close friend Gen Charles G Dawcs replaced The union proposed Saturday that negotiations extend until May 1 with the proviso that any agreement reached be retroactive to April J saying in view of the divergence of opinion additional time was needed The northern operators saici in a statement Friday that the claims and counterclaims so great that there is not sufficient time between now and Ihc expiration of the present wage agreement to study data and establish facts The proposal the union made Saturday was described by a union spokesman as a moxc to avert a stoppage of mining should no agreement be reached before March 31 Letter rrom On Aug 29 IBJG wlien he was I U j 1 Prnnp 35 he married Florence Pullman llOWail field r llSUnei daughter of the multimillionaire sleeping car manufacturer Three daughlcrs and a son were born to them ar his chances for the nomma n m were considered bright him on the icko fo Jje Available Chief among his prcconvention Always a republican regular rivals was Maj Gen Leonard I Lowden slumped the country for fny Hnrn Wood Primaries showed them i Coolidgc and Dawcs saw them running neck and neck in the fight elected and retired again to privI for delegates but both became tarale life But three years later he i ASIIlfsGTON gov ges for Senator William E Borah was unofficially nominated for j eminent sought Saturday to rc of Idaho who launched a senate jlllt presidency in a corn belt remove a growing threat to its vio investigation of campaign cxpcnivolt started when Coolidge vetoed loli garden promotion campaign diturcs Testimony there brought the McNaryHaugen farm relief I that there will not be out among other charges that two kill which Lowden had supported I enough jars available for canning SIIENANCCAH Mj His fami ly has received its first letter from pvt James Haley since he was taken prisoner by the Italians in W I i r A i Tllms last December while with a ickard bays Adequate gloup BrUish commandos delegalcs from Missouri has re ceived money from Lowdcn cam paign managers T There was nothing to connect the candidate with these pay ments and he spurned the help of the men involved hut the de velopment checked his boom Woods campaign fund also was under fire and when the con vention met it deadlocked Low dcn received 3111 votes hut withdrew after the eighth ballot and on the tenth Warren Harding was named sweeping later to the while house on a landslide republican vote Again in 1924 Lowdcn was a serious possibility for the nomina tion his integrity undimmcd by the events of 1920 The agricul tural west was strong for him but the convention nominated Calvin Coolidgc Lowdcn was named for he vicepresidency but upset all For a yea Lowdcn said nothI lc crop Secretary of Agriculture ing more definite about his can said in a radio didacy than his famous remark No man ever ran away from the presidency But his name ap peared on the Indiana ballots and finally he declared himself a can ed Jan 4 Haleys letter said I am o k and getting along as well as can be expected His place of confinement was not made known addross that adequate supplies of jars will be available He said lie received this assurance from ofj ficials of the war production board who subsequently told the Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Saturday after noon and Saturday night lowest temperature Sunday forenoon in Mason City 5 Continuing storms which turned northern airfields into sloppy strips and dust storms in the south also prevented the allied air forces now welded into a mighty vcapon under one commander and one headquarters from striking the crushing blows of which they ire capable Such sweeps as were made in the north Saturdays allied head quarters communique said were carried out by allied flyers with out meeting a single enemy plane In the south the western desert air force was still looking for enemy tanks stuck in the sand The dust storms were reported as bad as those in Egypt and Libya An RAF source Saturday de scribed the enemys position in Tunisia as the shape of u mans head stretching down to the Mar cth line and with allied ailforces gripping the throat and ready to squeeze Allied fighters from one side arc now able lo reach a target at the same time as bombers from the other and give them protec tion This cooperation was gradu ally stripping advanced axis air fields and maintaining clear su premacy in the air Gen Henri Giraud the F r c n c h Commanderinchief was disclosed by the Algiers radio to have been present when the allied forces drove into Gafsa In a ceremony honoring Moslem soldiers at Maihol hospital Al giers the Morocco radio reported Giraud said I am convinced Gafsa marks the beginning of an offensive which will go on as far as Berlin H quoted him as say ing I was present at the recap ture of Gafsa Realizing the cour age and valor of our troops the Germans and Italians left even quicker than they Continuing an advance which had already carried them 42 miles in two days towards their apparent goal at Gabcs axis sup ply port behind the main German position in the Mareth area the Americans battled heavy rains and floods in the rough moun tain country The Algiers radio broadcast a report Saturday heard by the As sociated Press in London that Gen Henri Giraud was present when the capture of Gafsa was ef fected by the American first divis ion three days ago No further de tails were given immediately Meantime the German army In northern Tunisia under Col Gen Jurgcn von Arnim was apparently achieving local success with a di versionary attack designed lo take pressure off Rommel in the south The British first army fell back three miles from Tamera a mining i cause for alarm iiiiitiijr iiu tiA it IT i n i i ii 1 i didate The party went into con UnUcJr hi1 outlook was Ucntion but came out will HerI andthat there was no bcrt Hooxcr as its choice Al though he and his farm phink had been rejected Lowdcn backed Hoover IOWA Continued cold cast not quite so cold in west portion Saturday night Sunday forenoon MINNESOTA Colder northeast continued colcl md soull The record for Jc office started bacU in the administration of Mc Kinlcy offered to make him first assistant postmaster gen eral Next President Taft asked him to hecome assistant sec retary of the navy Ilardinjr would have made him head of hat department and Coolidgc invited him to join his cabinet preMimuhly as secretary of atr ricuHiTrr ir to he ambassador Large Canadian Group Arrived in England AT A KOtiTH BRITISH PORT largest single group of Canadian airmen ever sent over seas has arrived in Great Britain ready to take part in the growing air offensive against Germany Reinforcements for the infantry armored corps artillery engineers medical and signal corps arrived in even large numbers in the I same convoy town 45 miles southwest of Bi zcrtc but then was able to hold in stronger positions against two in fantry assaults Capture of El Guctar opened up to the American forces two roads eastward toward the coast the fifst toward Gabcs about 73 miles portions Saturday night contin woy nd second cutting into ucel cold northeast and extreme main coastal hignway at Achi east not quite so cold remain der of state Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night 10 At 8 a m Saturday 10 During the day Friday an ad ditional inch of snow with 04 inch of precipitation was recorded YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 15 china about 60 miles from El Guetai Achichina is about 35 miles norlh of Gabcs on the coast road The American forces under Gen GcnrKC S Pat ton Jr still had ahead of them such rough mountain country in which the enemy could make a stand but every mile forward meant an increased threat to the vital coast road which links Rommel am von Arnim Gen Sir Bernard 1 Montgom erys British eighth army kept ;