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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1939, Mason City, Iowa f B NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME R H 1ST MEM ART OEPT Qf IOWA oes UQI uts iA VOL XLV THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOSVANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED LEASED HOME EDITION IEWS BEHIN Nazis Are Funniest When Theyre Serious WASHINGTON Not all nazi humor was confined to the win ning joke in the Goebbels contest You will remem ber the one about the young girl de clining to per form in scanty costume and the man asks Why Because it is too and she replies No because it is too The n a z i s like the com Pau MaUoiT appaij funnier when they are serious and not pressing for prizes Tops in all recent German stories received in official quarters here is the re written version of the Biblical stbry of David and Goliath 33 published in a nazi pamphlet It makes an Aryan dwarf out of Go liatli as follows This cowardly and treacherous conquest of the giant Goliath by the little Jewish lad is merely a Jewish expression of contempt be cause Goliath was defeated by a Jew Goliath wasnt a giant at all he was atall blond Philistine of Aryan blood who was deceived by the cunning of the youth David and is supposed to have been killed with a slingshot from ambush pamphlet is entitled Defilement of Race as published by Deutsche Revolution in Dus seldorf but expert officials here believe it to be the work origin ally of the Ludendorff publishing company now run by the World war generals widow who is in terested in a new pagan religious movement It is not a publication of the nazi party but presumably a religious affiliate if that makes much difference Reds Are Economical trend is even absorb ing picked up from a Pittsburgh police raid a manu script issued by the New York state central committee of the communist party carrying in structions on how to hold social affairs on the left Among other things it advises Beer parties Pour your beer in the middle of the glass not down the inside Pouring in the middle gives more foam and less liquid and stretches the bar rel further An economy recipe for political speeches was also included Radio parties Look up broad casts around which to build your party Find out if Earl Browder or a state leader will be on the air If not tune in one of Roosevelts fireside chats a speech by Harold Ickes or Harry Hop kins Gay abandon was also pre scribed for social life under the left wing as follows Buy darts from your stationer Draw a picture of Hitler Musso lini Hague or another Girdler esque pest Put it on a soft board thumb tacks Six throws for a nickel and a prize if you paste Hague in the pants or Trotsky in the eye Hitler Lacks GoJd Hitlers holdup of CzechoSio vakia really netted him about 580000000 or in gold but will not save him if the gold dust boys here prove accurate in their expectations The bandit fuehrer stole in gold from Austria when he took over the treasury there but confidential advices in dicate most of that is gone now He had an unfavorable balance of trade amounting to last yer While some of it was paid off in export services much of it had fo be gold no one knows exactly how much His reichsbank statement shows he had only 528000000 in gold left when he stuck up the Czechs but the figure is not worth men tioning He has been giving out the same figure for more than a year now and diet not take the trouble to change it when he took the Austrian gold The Czech loot is only a slop gap like the Austrian even though it is three times as much as the reichsbank claim the value of the mark were fixed today on the basis of the reichsbanks officially an nounced gold reserve it would be worth 1 per cent of its official price Copjriiht Klni Feitnro Inc F R Names Douglas to Court MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 20 1939 PLAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE DUBUQUE National Council of Catholic Women will hold a regional conference here May 16 and 17 Catholic women from Iowa Nebraska Wyoming Illinois Kansas Wisconsin Min nesota Missouri and North and South Dakota will discuss youth parentteachers associations dis cussion siudy clubs and rural life j 1VJVYA IVUJJNUAI IViAKUM SU 1U39 TWS CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS STOP HITLER PACT PROPOSED WILL SUCCEED LOUIS BRANDEIS FOR HIGH POST Widespread Demand for Westerner on Bench Is Disregarded AV A S H I N G T O Roosevelt Monday nominated Wil liam O Douglas as associate jutsice of the supreme court If the nomination is confirmed by the senate Douglas will succeed the veteran justice Louis D Bran deis who retired Feb 13 after 23 years on the high tribunal Although there had beena wide spread demand for appointment of a westerner to fill ihe court va cancy Douglas a former Yale law professor was appointed from Connecticut Born in Minnesota However Douglas was born in Minnesota and received his schooling in Washington state Chairman Ashurst DAriz of the senate judiciary committee appointed a sevenman subcom mittee to consider Douglas nomi nation With western senators predomir nating the committee was listed as follows Hatch of New Mexico King of Utah McCarran of Ne vada Burke of Nebraska and OMahoney of Wyoming all demo crats and Borah of Idaho and Danaher of Connecticut republi cans Hearings Are Likely The committee was expected to order hearings on the nomination withinthe next few days told reporters he had been favorably impressed with Doug las and that the latter would make an able justice King however had this to say They ought to have appointed a man who had some judicial ex man like Justice Har old Stephens of the court of ap peals for the District of Columbia or Federal Circuit Judge Sam Bratton of New Mexico Is New Deal Supporter Hatch said the subcommittee would meet at the earliest possible time and if hearings are desired they will be held Douglas is known as a consistent new deal supporter Recently he denounced as a phoney a pro posal from the stock exchanges to change trading rules This was President Roosevelts fourth appointment in less than two years to the nineman court There was no vacancy during his first term Another vacancy would permit him to name a majority of the bench Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes will be 77 on April 11 Justice James C McReynolds already is 77 and Justice Pierce Butler is 72 WILLIAM O DOUGLAS to Court Scottsville Wont Give Bachelors Jobs SCOTTSVILLE Ky Scottsville is protecting its mar ried city workers City council passed an ordinance forbidding the employment of bachelors in city jobs The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Monday nwht and Tuesday not so cool in west and northcentral portions Mon day night MINNESOTA Generally fair in south portion increasing cloudiness in north portion somewhat warmer Monday nisrht Tuesday considerable cloudiness somewhat warmer cast and south portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at B a m Monday Maximum Sunday 5g minimum Snndaj night 26 At 8 a m Monday 30 Under a beaming sun the last few scattered patches of snow and ice were trickling away Mon day YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 31 Figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 36 Minimum Saturday night 27 At 8 a m Sunday 35 Maximum Sunday 5g YEAR AGO Maximum jg Minimum 34 Precipitation 03 Iowa Senate Engages in Hot Debate Over Chain Stores chain open SomeCry Lets Bring This Fight Into Open Galleries Are Filled DES MOINES The Iowa senate chamber rang Monday with cries of lets bring this store fight out into the Independent merchants seeking action on a graduated chain store tax bill introduced the second week of the session filled galleries m the upper house to overflowing The noon recess interrupted the fiery debate before a vote could be taken on a motion to defer ac tion on the chain store question until Thursday morning Touch Off Fireworks The bill has reposed in com mittee since Jan 17 Senators Edward Brecn D LAUNDRY STRIKE IS NEGOTIATED U S Labor Conciliator Meets With Workers Employers Attorneys Concerted effort was made by both workeis and employers lo end the laundry strike which was in its seventh day Monday when representatives of both factions met with Frank Wenig U S labor conciliator in the grand jury room at the Mason City nostoffice and federal building Representing the workers at the meeting were Art McCoid and Joe Pease business agents of the local drivers union Cecil Utterback business agent of the Des Moines local of the laundry union and a committee of four the 130 laun dry workers on strike The com mittee included Miss Cora Vawer Phil Costigan Miss Ada A Peter son and Miss Ruth Bailey Attorneys Garfield E Breese SOHHIB mi cream Doran and Harvey J Bryant represent continued There is only one re ed the Lyons and IdealAmerican i lal1 dly goods merchant in busi laimrtnoc n ness there now who was in busi Fort Dodge and A J Shaw R Pocahontas touched off the fire works Monday morning with their mouon to pull the bill out of sift ing committee and place it before the senate for action E P Donahue New Hamp ton majority floor leader and chairman of the senate Mftins committee which has ihe bill now countered with the plea to delay action until Thursday Cites 2 Factions Donohue said there are two factions in the chain store fight He referred to another bill in troduced in the senate to revise he system of assessing chain store stocks He suggested appointment of a special committee to write a new bill which might embody features of both proposals Action Monday he declared would not be lo the benefit of any except to cause a bitteifight SHOWDOWN FAILS herein VEff6VtsofIowa housedrys WP TTIJOIlt Jficf It i fnrfa T might just as well know now where we stand replied Senator L H Doran Boone on is tlii JQU who favors immediate action the graduated tax bill This is the proposal to assess a chain up to SobO apiece on each store it operates in Iowa with the total TUV lr Sf sfores il owns in the United States determining the bracket in which it falls Wont Ten Committee Vote Merchants of my home towr are gasping for breath Doran Because you take such tactics as this Doran insisted Ill tell you frankly Im against senate file 17 the gradu ated tax and I think the ma jority of this senate is Donohue answered Threatens o Clear Chamber You might kid the members of this senate but you cant kid the peopleoutside Doran declared Lieut Gov B B Hickenlooper threatened to have the chamber clearedof spectators when a rip ple of applause followed Dorans last remark If you defer action youre just assisting a movement tending to destroy lie bulwark of that is destroying the great middle class Senator Breen charged Finally he continued you will have nothing but chain store executives and white collared itinerant laborers Hill Gives Views And what a group of wander ers they are They are not al lowed to sink their roots into the community They do nothing about civic affairs The profits from a chain store do not remain in town overnight but they go back to make life Pleasant for the Hartfords and the Barbara Buttons the Cromwelb and the Doris Dukes Breen con cluded Senator G R Hill R Clarion likened the chain stores when conditions are bad to the night who fold business Arabs in 6iil their tents and slip away Hill said the chains are like Hitler walking into CzechoSlo yakia the other day and taking ail that had been created by the labor of others DRYS EFFORT FOR en can laundries respectively The meet ing opened at 1 oclock anct con tinued through the afternoon Reaches Impasse The Schermerhorn dairy strike had reached an impasse Monday with the announcement by Frank Wenig conciliator for the U S department of labor that he had withdrawn after refusal by Elmer Bowers the dairy operator to ne gotiate with the drivers union The dairy is not engaged in in terstate business Mr Wenig said and he therefore has no control in the matter strike is all over as far 1 m concerned said Mr Bowers who asserted that the four strik ing employes had been paid and that none of them could come back to work for him Demands Unacceptable Demands by the union for shortened hours and an increased percentage for the drivers were entirely unacceptable he ex plained and if he agreed to them he would be unable to meet his other obligations Art McCoid business agent of the drivers union stated that the strike at the Schermerhorn plant will continue All members of the union he said have been instruct ed to refuse to patronize the ochermerhorn dairy Forces of Franco Ask Unconditional Madrid Surrender i HENDAYE France At the i Spanish Frontier nationalists were reported Mon day to have refused the republi can governments requests for an honorable peace and to have in sisted on Madrids unconditional surrender in the civil war Dispatches from Burgos na tionalist General Francos capital said his answer to an offer to open peace negotiations broadcast by the Madrid defense counsel was surrender Franco nationalist dispatches said would ignore any moves of the Madrid government except outright capitulation Francos preparations for an 1 went to Boone 20 ness when years ago Doran accused Donohue of be ing opposed to tile bill I dont divulge my vole in committee on any bill I wont tell you because its none of your business Donohue replied I think youre against the bill u jiuuac urya to force a showdown on liquor met with failure Monday when ihe lower chamber voted against malting the Morrow local option bill a special order of business immediately following the beer measure The vote against withdrawing the option bill was 55 against and 3l for Representative George Hathaway Independence whose absence Monday morning forced a house truce was among those present and voting Since such a consent of procedure requires twothirds of the house or 72 votes the move lost by 21 votes Representative H E Morrow Hopkinton house dry lead er brought the liquor question to a head Monday when he filed a motion that local option bill be made a special order of business immediately following the beer measure The latter proposal now is under house consideration SPRING WILL STARTTUESDAY But Many lowans Feel Seasonal Change Has AlreadyTaken Place DES MOINES SVEver cau tious tile weather bureau wouldnt quite admit Monday that spring is here but lowans who enjoyed temperature readings in the 70s Sunday were inclined to ignore the official proclamation 24 hours the first bureaus away Officially Tuesday is day of spring and the forecast of warmer Tuesday gave high hope for a truly spring like entrance of that season The mercury mounted Sunday to a high of 76 degrees at Council Bluffs Des Moines and Newton had 63 degrees Mount Ayr 75 and Corning 70 Mason Citys maxi mum was 58 Motorists crowded streets and highways People dragged rockers out on front porches and strolling couples many bareheaded lined the boulevards The kite season which waits on no official spring time proclama tion opened with a rush and chil dren holding kite strings were a common sight on vacant lots The mercury dropped to a low of 24 degrees at Iowa Falls Sunday night but the weather bureau said Monday nights range probably would be from 30 to 35 degrees 10000 AT SERVICE MINNEAPOLIS UfiJ Nearly ten thousand Catholic and church services in the Municipal audiior j him Sunday in what was offensve against the republican cribed as a demonstraUon of held zone continued rapidly i Christian manpower LOOK INSIDE FOR JACKIE COOGAy Signs Agreement With Parents for PAGE 2 Achievement Day for Palo Alto Wednesday PAGE 3 Maurice Cooper Gets AllStar Cage Rank PAGE 9 ABSORPTION OF MEMEL LAND IS EXPECTED SOON Troop Movements in Northeast Europe Reported by Travelers BERLIN Juozas Urbsys foreign affairs minister of Lithu ania and German Foreign Minis ter Joachim von Ribbentrop con ferred Monday on what govern ment spokesmen said was pri marily the fate of Memel It was announced at the same time that Count Johannes von Welczek German ambassador to Pans had been ordered to re turn to Berlin to report French Ambassador Robert Coulondre called back Saturday uy his government already had left the German capital Is Question of Days Circumstantial evidence indicat ed that tile reunion of Memel tii Germany is only a question days Memel a Baltic district 1099 square miles in area was detached from Germany by the Versailles treaty and later placed under Lithuanian sovereignty with a measure of autonomy With Chancellor Hitler back in his worldwatched chancellery and the press hinting at a possible cancellation of the 1935 British German naval treaty in reply to Britain s stiff protest over the nazi absorption of Czechoslovakia last week this train of facts showed how the wind was blow ing 1 Gcrnian newspaper editors told their foreign colleagues privately thai the absorption of iMcmcI was virtually assured 2 Various travelers reaching Berlin from the northeast of Europe menfs 3 A meeting of he Memel diet is scheduled for March 25 and the date is regarded as pi votal in Memcls future discussion between von Ribbentrop and Urbsys was said also to have touched upon the question of Lithuanias role in Europe It was vigorously denied in re sponsible quarters that anything like a protectorate over Lithuania was intended Hesponsible circles indicated that Memel was one of the chief topics under discussion Sunday night at a conference of Hitler with various trusted licutenants H was also admitted that the precarious state of relations willi Great Britain was likewise a ma jor topic and that the recall of Ambassador Johannes Welczek from Paris as a parallel measure to French Ambassador Robert Coulondres departure from Ber lin was discussed Plan Naval Race Whether Germany actually would abrogate the 1935 naval agreement with Britain could not be learned Informed German editors however predicted that Germany would take up the race in naval armaments as soon as practicable at the same time bend ing every ounce of energy toward keeping up the strength of the air arm Maintaining the air strength would be considered easy because Germany obtained an excellent collection of airplanes from CzechoSlovakia For the immediate future gov ernment spokesmen intimated German propaganda would be turned upon an alleged effort at London to hinder negotiations be tween Dr Helmuth Wohlthat German economic expert and the Rumanian government for a trade agreement Wont Summon Reichstag Reports that Hitler intends soon to summon the reichslag were dis pelled when it was announced that Field Marshal Hermann Goering intends to resume Tuesday nighl his on the Italian Riviera and at points further south He was summoned back by the chan cellor from the vacation just be fore the entrance of German troops into MoraviaBohemia When he came back then from Itay official commentators said that he had by no means been resting but had been at work The remark seemed to indicate that the renewed holiday would include a report to Premier Mus solini on the new central Europ ean situation and on Germanys attitude toward Italian aspirations concerning French colonial terri tory Consults High Ministers Hitler augmentor of the reich took urgent council of the future of his newborn empire While Hitler was believed in consultation with high ministers at the chancellery after a survey of his territorial prizes a Berlin newspaper cited the BritishGcr herniaMoravia considerably fccted the Rumanian military ENGLAND BACKS AGREEMENT TO HIT AGGRESSION Chamberlain to Send Mission to Rumania Reviews Defense Plans LONDON JP Authoritative diplomatic quarters said Monday Britain had proposed an anti aggression declaration by herself France soviet Russia and any other nation willing fo join a com mon stop Hitler front These quarters said the anti Jgression declaration was of fered as a counterproposal to a Russian suggestion for a joint con ference of democratic nations to consider means of resisting pos sible German aggression It was not clear yhether the Russian proposal envisaged par ticipation of the United States in such a conference Seek U S Participation The view in London however was that American participation would be welcomed if it could be obtained Maxim Litvinoff soviet com missar of foreign affairs these quarters said communicated the conference suggestion to the Brit ish embassy in Moscow Litvinoff made similar propos als after both the German absorp tion of Austria March 13 1938 and after German annexation of Czecho Slovakias Sudentenland last September Britain however rejected them Want Smaller Powers Now reliable reports said Brit ain is considering Moscows plan favorably although still retaining i preference for an antiaggres iion declaration to serve notice on Germany Smaller European powers these quarters said would be asked to subscribe Among them they men tioned Poland Rumania Yugo slavia Greece Turkey and Bul garia According to these reports the declaration would not commit any nation automatically to go lo war but by implication would involve mutual defense against an aggres sor nation Would Assure Consultation Its primary purpose would be to assure consultation among the subscribers should Germany at tempt to repeat against another state her coup in CzechoSlovakia Prime Minister Chamberlain earlier had told the house of com mons that Britains colossal de fense program would be reviewed as one of three British steps in answer to Germanys eastward drive in Europe Tlie others were 1 An attempt In rally anli aggrcssor nations into a stop Hitler bloc Z A decision fo send a trade mission to Rumania to counter German economic pressure in trade negotiations with Bu charest which have caused wide spread concern The prime minister made the rearmament announcement after British officials also had stated thai lie government may be ex pected to continue closest dis cussions with soviet Russia on Germanys expanding empire The prime minister told ihe house of commons Britain was consulting with other nations over ihe consequences of Germanys absorption of CzechoSlovakia Apparently however he liirl deferred giving a full account to parliament of British efforts In resist Adolf Hitlers drive touaid the cast until the responses or other nations indicated their views on a united front Announced to Commons The announcement that an eco nomic mission would be sent to alnntf Calols rich country was along the CarpathoUkraine bormade to commons by Oliver der Rumania must reckon with Stabley a cabinet minister an 1 to questions as to whether Rumania to Agree in Nazi Trade Plans Stands Firm Against Surrender of Any Political Rights BUCHAREST IP Rumania appeared readyMonday to make economic concessions to Germany but stood firm against the surren der of any political rights Negotiations between Dr Hel muth Wohlthat German trade ex pert and the Rumanian finance ministry were taking place here The discussions were said to be approaching a conclusion in an atmosphere of understanding on both sides But it was also asserted that no political problems nor German Rumanian relations were being discussed Rumanians admitted that their trade with Germany would be increased to a marked degree but they said that the complete German demands were not being met Depended on Skoda There was to be no yielding of any political points they insisted It was revealed that the Ger man absorption last week of Bo af sitiori because many guns and other military equip ment were built by the Skoda works now in Geirnan hands The problem ot getting replacements lor these armaments was made difficult Rumania like CzechoSlovakia befoie her looked to the west for help m resisting German pressure while a government spokesman acknowledged Rumania must grant much of her trade to the nazis Consider Balkans Plight Thespokesman said a compro Jniseralong suchatrade line seemed possible but the govern ment still looked to the west hop ing to be saved from an economic dependence on Germany which wculd give Kumania the status of a German colony The biggest news in government circles Monday was the report that the British cabinet was con sidering the plight of the Balkans which he directly in the path of the German drang nach drive to the east Details of negotiations by which Germany sought to dominate Ru manian import and export mar kets almost to the exclusion of the remainder of the world were un known to Rumanians at large Deny Ultimatum Sent Official quarters emphasized however thai Rumania had not received any German ultimatum At the same time it was made Known that the Rumanians had rejected the latest German trade proposal As if to guard her rich oil and wheat lands pending some settle ment that would not obliterate her independence Rumania held at least 500000 troops at her fron tiers There was no general mobiliza tion nor were any of the yearly classes called in full Authorities said enough soldiers were at their posts to prevent a surprise from any quarter Concentrated on Border Much of the Rumanian strength xvas concentrated along the south cm border of CarpathoUkraine now part of the kingdom of Hun gary This was the part of Czecho slovakia Hungary took in the breakup of the republic last week Germany got the rest Rumania and CzechoSlovakia with Yugoslavia were partners in the little entente and were bound by nonaggression treaties Now ever was over Germanys trade desires 1HV4H A XVI tH Hungary which has extensive ter oweieu 10 questions as to whether ritonal claims against the Buchar the mission would be empowered est government to negotiate for the Rumanian oil Rumania s greatest worn how oulput man treaty as evidence of a Ger man desire for friendship and added warningly If the impression were to ob tain in Germany that the English people are lo be psychologized into conceptions which would make them most embittered enemies of Germanys existence then logi cally the German tendency in the direction of an equalizing read justment would be put to a radical halt Hitler returned to Berlin Sun day night acclaimed with the title of The British cabinet was reported i by informed quarters to have de j cided to communicate immediately j with soviet Russian Polish and southeastern European govern ments on formation of a United front against aggression in Europe Labor Support Pledged Labor and liberal opposition leaders meanwhile were under stood to have pledged support for the governments new policy of re sistance to any further nazi move towards European domination In addition to communicatin with Moscow and Warsaw the cabinet was said to have decided on approaches to Rumania Yugo slavia Turkey and Bulgaria in its attempt to weid antiiggrCiot nations into a bloc medieval German emperors augmentor of the reich Four times Sunday night Hitler appeared spotlighted on the chan cellery balcony to receive the OPERA STAR IS ILL of a throng that welcomed BOSTON Mj him home from a tour of Geropera and movie sUr wiiuniv inanys new protectorate of Bo the care of three hernia and Moravia Monday She hrt the qnpK ;