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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 19, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ASSOCIATED 1XASKB THE NIWSPAPER THAT MAKK ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY THIS PAPER CONSISTS O TWO WAR RAGES ON PATHS TO AUSTRALIA NAZI GENERALS RETURN TO GIVE AID TO HITLER Germans Admit Russian Armies Are Continuing to Attack Relentlessly By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Climaxing three months of bloody retreat Adolf Hitler has abandoned his lonewolf vole m guiding the destiny of German arms it was reported Thursday and has called back his generals to help plan the nazi spring offen sive The Berlin correspondent of the Basel Switzerland Na tional Zeituns said Hitler had summoned nearly all Ihe Ger man officers including Field Marshal Wallher von Brauch itsch who were ousted of re signed after the drive against Moscow failed last December Hitler at that time announced that his intuition had led him to take over supreme command of the German armies The National Zeitung corres pondent said the nazi spring of fensive might be expected soon with the fuehrer and his generals now mapping strategy at a series of staff conferences The question of throwing Rus sia s winter steamroller into re verse still remained to be solved and Thursdays German nigh command communique ac knowledged that the red Smies jvere attacking relentlesslyljfend that heavy defensive in progress i A bnlletln train Hitlers Heli beadwurters noted continuing Russian pressure on the Kerch peninsula In the Crimea as well as fierce soviet thrusts in the Donets river sector of the Ukraine where the Russians are battering at the gates of Khar kov In the north soviet reported that Russian guerrilla lorces had regained control of 6000 square miles of territory be hind the German siege lines around Lcnjngrad and jeclared they were so strong that the Ger mans could not enter the region Although not specifically iden tified the section may be a part Whif Staie which the Germans overran in their drive against Leningrad Russian appeal for opening of a second front against Ger renewe1 Thursday by the Moscow News now pub lished in Kuibyshev with a dec laration that antiHitler forces can and must determine the future progress of the war From a secret continental base the Germanfreedom radio said oerman troops and laborers were strengthening Netherlands de fenses and these preparations show Hitler actually expects a landing by British and American troops Neither London nor Washing ion however indicated that any major thrust toward Germany be fa im said 3000 Germans had been killed in a five day fight on a cen tral sector perhaps referring to the previously announced encir zhatsk Germanheld town 100 miles west of Moscow lowan Sails 2500 Miles in Lifeboat After Ship Is Hit Air Command TT rtehtwho rates as a com pilot m the United States army laughs over a stow with Leut Gen Henry H Arnold now ffi of all US announced as commander New Lea an0 theUmted in thc Fast Torpedoboats Carried MacArthurs to Big Planes Traveled South Along r for 21Nights Hiding During Daylight NEWYTDHK but fast motor torpedoboats carried eneral Douglas MacArthur his wife and child and a small group of aides on the perilous first leg of their journey from Bataan aenmsula to Australia according to a copyrighted Melbourne dis patch published Thursday by the New York Herald Tribune The correspondent Allen Ray monp learned that the MaeArthur party left Bataan by night on March II and traveled south the coast of the Philippine islands for two night hiding in bayous during the daylight hours to reach the rendezvous with the big planes which carried Ihc group t Australia Threedays of thc one weel journey was spent in waiting fo the planesjt was said pounded by heavy seas Raymon earned He quoted a member o the party as saying We took terrific spots it wa like ndmg in one of those out ooard motor racing boats The point of their arrival in Australia Raymond wrote natur ally is secret but the planes which landed the MacArthurs and the party m Australia March 17 kep clear of Darwin northern Aus tralian port which has been un der repeated air attack 1000 QUIT JOBS IN SHIPYARDS Believed Lured by False Rumors of More Pay at Other Yards RICHMOND Cal mAbout 1UCO men had quit their jobs Thursday at the ToddCalifornia and Richmond Shipbuilding cor poration and company officials Fiji Islands nard Baker of Jefferson Iowa was onj of a group of 11 sur vived the torpedoing of the tanker Prusa Dec 17 and sailed a lite boat 2500 miles in 31 and a half r friendly land in the Gilbert island group The group originally numbered 12 but one died at sea Thirteen occupants of another boat which Sot away safely from the torpe wJere rescued late in December and landed at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian islands Baker was listed by the Tamna SteamshipVompIny as ope of those from the Prusa who now has reached Suva i1 exPerierced no hard ships of food and water their boat was amply stocked JAP AIRDROMES IN BURMA RAIDED American Volunteers British May Have Destroyed 25 Planes NEW DELHI India Ameri can volunteer group and British Pilots possibly destroyed 25 ene Pnfs in attacks on Japanese n8lrrfr0mes in southern Burma rm h ayi a from in BmTOa rted Thursday Japanese planes were said to Burm T Sd 3 tOWn in Burma Wednesday and Thursday causing some damage y In the land fighting the com munique reported a fresh en 101 forces R8r lreme left of BritishChinese line and Di the Chinese inflicted some t S in f iglting ncar Ywathi the west bank of the Sittang ver 6ajnles east of Toungoo 543000000 FROM R oector of Internal Revenue E H Birming ham estimated lowans would pav about in federal in come taxes this year on the basis of returns so far Taxes paid since Jan 1 total S18697991P he said compared with 563564113 in the ike period last year i u they been lured by false rumors or more money on Q hour shifts at com peting shipyards Union and federal officials said the rumors migrht have been started by subversive groups seeking to hamper war production Union leaders condemned the resignations which began late Wednesday and continued until midnight Tom Crowe international rep resentative for the AFL Interna tional Brotherhood of Boilermak ers and Shipbuilders Welders and Helpers termed the mens action unAmerican Company officials said they had received a telephone call from vt chairman ot the shipbuilding stabilization commit tee of the war production board The men who walked out of the Richmond shipbuilding yards m defiance of the union leaders are stabbing their country in the back Porter said If they dont yet Know that there is a war on then they should be escorted bv loyal to the nearest army recruiting station before thc day is over and given a chance to get into the fighting zone I call on them to return lo work imme diately Any rumor that the men will find work elsewhere on a 10 hour shift is without foundation be no charge from hour shifts he two 10 hour shifts without the approval of the WPB the navy and the U S maritime commis sion The presidents request for 24 hour operation seven days per week will not result in one cent Any such false reports used to reate dissention between em myeaSr would ppear to be the work of sub versive elements AMERICAN PUT AT HEAD OF 2 CHINESE UNITS SttilweHCommands Fifth Sixth Armies in Defense of Burma WASHINGTON war department announced Thursday that Lieut Gen Joseph W Stil well of the United States army had been put in command of the fifth and sixth Chinese armies operating with British forces de fending Burma against the Jap anese The action was taken by Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek of China a brief communique said General S til well went to China a few weeks ago and served initially as Chiangs chief of staff The communique No 151 cov ering reports received until 10 a m Thursday eastern war time said 1 Burma Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek has placed Lieut Gen Jo seph Vf Stilwcll United States army in command of the fifth and sixth Chinese armies operating in conjunction with forces in Burma the British 2 There is nothing to report from other areas Military officials expressed be ief General Stilwells appoint ment represented ihe first time that an American army officer had beert giverr cororharid ot a major body of Chinese troops al though American adventurers have commanded Chinese Stillwell a native of Palatka Fla and 59 years old Thursday was promoted to lieutenant gen eral last month A 1904 graduate of the mili tary academy he hold the dis mfruished service medal for service in France In the first World war during the St Mihiel offensive He has had wide experience In China beginning with a fouryear period as a language student in 191923 He served with the 15th infantry at Tientsin in 192G29 and again was in China in 103239 as military attache at Pciping EVATT REACHES U S SAN FRANCISCO Herbert Vere Evatt Australian minister for external affairs and his wife who was born at Ottum wa Iowa arrived here en route to Washington Dr Evatt said he had come to the United States to seek the advice of President Roosevelt in the allied war effort Buy your aeiense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Reactions to Boston Sirens Vary Widely BOSTON ex perienced conflicting emotions when air raid sirens fire irucl signals and church bells went into action to celebrate the sinking or Ol Japanese vessels off New Guinea The demonstration was ordered by Acting Mayor Thomas E Line nan who had announcements of the victory broadcast over the air raid signal system interspersed among siren blasts Some persons telephoned news paplL and Police stations as the dm began Wednesday aft ernoon to inquire whether it si nalized an air raid There was no panic however Others aware from the broad cast announcements that thc noke was for good news spread the word which mounted in optimism as it passed from one person to another One telephone inquirer asked whether it was true that ten Jap anese battleships had been sunk A judge smilingly told a jury that he had heard that 23 Jap anese warships have been sunk and the people of Boston are blow ing whistles ringing bells and making quite a commotion Thc jury applauded heartily said in a telegram President on of New Guinea wvcw Koosevelt That the was undertaken as celebration direct and n spontaneous result of your advice Wednesday to stop being morose lo instill some of the joy of life into the nation to wave the Hag get enthusiastic and give the peo something to brighten them up ORDERED BY CABINET CANBERRA Australia The war cabinet ordered com pulsory defense duties Thursday for all Australians Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Thursday and early Thursday night All temperatures above freezing IOWA Warmer Thursday and early Thursday night occasi onal light rain in southwest and MINNESOTA Someivhit warmer m south and cast Thursday aft ernoon and in east and central portions Thursday night light snow in extreme southwest por tion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 40 Minimum Wednesday night 25 At 8 a m Thursday 29 GAS RATIONS IN EAST AND N W TO BE SET UP System to Be Started as Soon as Coupon Books Are Printed WASHINGTON flj p e t r o Ictim Coordinator Ickes an nounced Thursday a rigid gasoline coupon rationing system would be instituted in the cast and Pa cific northwest as soon as the cards can be he estimated would be within si weeks The card rationing would sup plant thc curtailment program in stituted over thc same area Thurs day through reduction by 20 per cent in the supplies of gasoline de livered to filling stations Ickes said ho could not say now whether the more rigid system would be severer than the present onefifth cut in consumption but expressed the hope that the card system might be instituted quickly because of the increasing urgency of thc supply situation in the two coastal areas caused by the sink war diversion of tankcr We will go on a card rationing system as soon as Mr Henderson the price administrator can net around to it the petroleum co ordinator said He will do the rationing ot approximate JUUooo fillmg stations in the area were hmitcdto a 12 hour day six day Ickes said he did not believe gasoline could be rationed effec tively without a card system tell ing his press conference we cant depend entirely on filling stations to distributegasoline equitably He declined to estimate the amount of gas a nonessential ve hicle would get over a given pe riod under card rationing but said hat would depend on its priority YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 21 Spring Siesta RYE BEACH N H girls of Stoiielcigh college intend thenspring fiesta March 21 to be a gala affair They were a bit dis mayed therefore when the invi tations came back from the print er with a typographical error de scribing the event as the Spring Siesta fa Cant Avoid Attack on Australia By F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk The united nations have scored the first victory in thc battle for Australia More important even than the severe physical losses iiuhctecl on the enemy is the fact that allied ail s power has bqen demonstrated in the sinking and damaging of 23 Japanese ships The success of the United SlatesAustral ian raids on Japanese bases i New Guinea show c i e a r ly that thc lack of air p o w e KEEMLE I1 U W ti I which was so distastrous in Java does not exist in Australia Also the loss of only one allied plane in this large scale operation indicates that there arc sufficient fighter planes to protect the big bombers The initial allied success has not stopped thc Japanese who are D in force towards Port Moresby but it may serve to slow up their invasion Any time so gained is of great value to Gen Douglas MacArthuiin organizing for defense and for the future offensive The outlook in the Australian war zone is that the Japanese are going to have an extremely nara campaign requiring the heaviest sea air and land forces they have toiahead with it whether want to or not If they hold on MacArthur eventually nave accumulated the iorce hat will spelMhelr doom The situation calls for tremen dous effort by the Japanese anc thus has a bearing on thc war on other fronts Added to thc Jap anese campaign in Burma and heir probable operations in the Indian ocean it lessens the chance mat Japan willopen up anothc front and take on Russia as sources in Chungking rccenth been prophesying they TRANSFERRED TO ST LOUIS SIOUX CITY Ca pera manager of the Armour and company packing plant here has been transferred to St Louis to manage the firms unit there L O Hoffman of Huron S Dak will seek Capcra here DIES OF INJURIES OTTUMWA services ill be held Friday for QJTO H dfearS84 Iowa who died Wednesday of injuries suf ered in a fall at his home jMon Buy your defense savings stamps rom your Globe Gazette carrier ooy or at thc GG business office Where Jop invasion Force Was Smashed Australian air force sunk or damaged by American and Russia in thrt case would not lave to be expending war enemy n the cast as well as the we detracting from her effort against Hitler Thus in a sense the fight ing m Australia is a form ot aid to Russia If Iho Hitler menace in llic west is removed this summer tiiere is a good chance that Russia herself will open up a front against Japan It would give thc United States a chance lo Join in and attack Japan directly from Siberia while the forces In Australia squeezed up ward from the other direclion This interrelation of Hie vari ous fronls offers many possibili ties Russia is making excellent progress in the offensive against Hitler The rcdnrmys advance is slow but it is investing good many strategic points which Hitler needs badly for his projected sum mer offensive ii i impossible that by the time winter has end ed the Russians will have put the Germans in a position where their offensive would not stand great chances of success Jn that case Hitler might have to turn to the south and the pressure on north and central Russia would be re lieved Allied strategists in fact are predicting that Hitler because of his pressing need for oil will at tempt to advance on the oil fields ot the near east and the Caucasus The war picture thus may be changed greatly before summcr ends Reduction in Food Rations for Germans Is Reported Heard LONDON said thc Berlin radio was heard Thursday announcing that food rations are to be reduced in Germany begin ning April 6 reported that there will be cuts in bread fat and meat rations but that these will affect only the normal consumer about 40 per cent of the population JSeeds of heavy workers will be considered thc German radio added while rations for growing children cither will remain thc vic or will be increased slightly ALLIED PLANES BOMB SEVERAL NIPPON POINTS Japanese Airmen Again Attack Port Moresby and North Australia By VEI1N HAUGLAMD MELBOURNE battle about Australias northern tip broke into new fury Thursday with allied air attacks on the Japanese at several island points Japanese raids on northern Aus tralia and the Solomon islands and sensational reports that Ger man missionaries are leading an overland Japanese invasion in New Guinea Messages from Port Moresby on southern New Guinea said thc German missionaries and their nazificd native pupils were the Japanese in a drive from Hie north coast The Germans were declared to have maintained secret radio transmitters and a factory for making swastika regalia and flags at their missions around Finscli liafcn and Alexishafen Australian authorities recently smashed one transmitter and seized more than 400 nazi flags Northeast New Guinea was a German colony before the World war A1939 census showed 473 uermans there The missionaries were said to be leading the Japanese westward irom Lac on the east coast through the Markham valley It was believed this wasintendedto lake over a system of good air ports in the valley although it might develop into a southward swing toward Fort Moresby The Japanese launched their first air attack reportedly with out damage on Cape York across Torres strait from Port Moresby struck again at Dar win and bombed Tulaei Flor ida island In the Solomons Meanwhile allied aircraft al acked Koepang Dutch Timor and damaged a heavy Japanese cruiser it Rabaul New Britain island to Hid to the score of 23 ships sunk off New Guinea The new Japanese bombing bows Thursday against Port Moresby and lie mainland city ot Darwin were officially minimized A Berlin radio report quoted by the British Exchange Telegraph agency said the Japanese advanc ng overland in New Guinea had occupied about 30 air fields in the south of the island had put nem into working order for oper ations against the Australian main and There were no reports of new Action Thursday by or against Japanese war vessels and trans ports It was assumed that Japans Invasion fleets were reorganizing after one iiad been wrecked on the New Guinea sea approach to Australia and another crippled Wednesday with a direct hit on a heavy cruiser at Rabaul New Britain At Port Moresby antiaircraft ire disturbed the aim ot the Japa nese bombardiers and at Darwin no raid was said to have been di ectcd not at naval facilities but at Csidential quarters The Port Moresby attackers vcrc characterized officially as medium forces while thc Darwin aiders were a small force The threat to Port Moresby vmcn the Japanese would like lo urn into a springboard for inva lon of Australia proper was em ihasizecl by a dispatch in the Syd ney Sun from its Port Moresby report that a onsiderable force of Japanese was clvancing overland toward that ity over difficult terrain from Lac to the north Thc correspondent sciid that Port Moresbys defenders were ontidcnt they could hold off any uch backdoor attack He added hat thc Japanese goal was the flat ountry just north of Port Moresby n which thc enemy might cstab ish air bases Meanwhile in thc latest counterstroke reported against the Japanese sea strength massed and massing in the arc of islands norih of Australia a direct hit was declared lo have left a Japanese heavy cruiser plumed ivilh smoke at Rabaul New Britain and near misses were claimed on two other large vessels The harbor ot Rabaul is on thc eft wing of the Japanese drive ;