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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 19, 1941, Mason City, Iowa COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUL1 tEASED VVDIES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS U 5 Speeds Defenses of Big Canal EDITORS is another of a scries of articles written by W Earl Hall Globe Gazette managrne editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endow ment for International Peace Xumbcr 8 By W EARL HALL CRISTOBAL CANAL Dont let anybody tell you that Uncle Sam has gone to sleep so tar as Panama canal defenses are concerned Even though the pur veyor ot such claims be a member of the U S Senate discount what he says While there is a definite limit fo what one can absorb from a oneday stop in a territory such as the Canal Zone 1 am pre pared to say without qualifi cation that our government has clone an amazing job of making this key isthmus strong in a mili tary way Every where one looks there is evidence of this In the bar bors are naval W EARL HALL craft airplanes roar overhead soldiers and sailors fill the streets of the towns on all hands are army and navy posts big gun im placements dot every promontory Under normal conditions there are approximately 7000 soldiers stationed in the Canal Zone to day the number has risen to some where between 20000 and 25000 Counting sailors is not so easy but it is safe to assume a parallel increase Our arrivalhere was at dusk but our party was met at the docks by automobiles and we were hur ried to Gatun where from an elevated point of view we could watch the largescale operations on he gigantic new set of locks The night shift was on duty working under lights Following another route back to our hotel in Cristobal wesaw the operations on a townsile Margarita which is being carved out of the jungle to accommodate workers brought in for the im mense canal project At the other end ot the canal next morning we beheld a like program under way but not so far advanced in conection with the Pacific locks Here two other towns are being established Diab lo Heights and Cocoli While the additional locks were conceived as a matter of military be used in the event of a direct bomb hit on the pres ent will have a large peacetime value increasing the usability of the canal For one thing they will have width of 140 feel and a length of 1200 feet as against the 110 feel width and feet length of the present Jocks The German liner Bremen is the largest ship tn clear inches to spare But the new locks will accommodate with ease the Queen Mary and other liners of supersize V While the same general prin ciples of construction will be used in the new locks as in the present locks certain improve ments and refinements will be incorporated to further their normal usefulness and o make them more impregnable against bombing In another direction submarine bases have been established or en larged at both ends of the canal At times the harbors have been mined Whether they arc at pres ent is a question Extreme care is exercised in piloting liners into port which thetheory that mines are m place Well hese are just a few of the manifold proofs that Uncle Sam has is frequently charged to sleep in the matter of Panama Canal defenses Until our country has a two ocean navy the canal is ot lifeanddeath import fact which seems to be completely recognized in Wash ington MASON C1TYIOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 19 1941 THIS PAFErt CONSISTS gyiVO SECTIONS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT NO 136 Indian Prisoner Builds Camp Fire in Jail PENDLETON Ore WiJach Kolsom county recorder sincllcd smoker traced it lo the county jail below his office An Indian woman imprisoned on a minor charge had a canip fire to relieve the Voom of her temporary tepee NAZI BOMBS THUNDER ON HULL JIGJIGA TAKEN AS BRITISH HIT DUCES EMPIRE English Within 70 MUes of Railroad Leading to Addis Ababa By UNITED PRESS Great Britains hardhitting im perial army Wednesday smashed another prop from under Benito Mussolinis tottering east African empire by capturing the key Ethio pian town of Jigjiga The capture placed British lorccs within 70 miles of the railroad which links Addis Ababa the Ethiopian capital with the sea coast atDjibouti French Somali land British cut that rail only link the Italians have with the outside world ex cept by fall of the capi tal presumably will be only a matter of time if At thesame time there were indications that a final assault upon Keren the mountain fort ress of Eritrea is in progress and that the British soonmay smash through the estimated 40000 fascist defenders and seize Asmara capi tal of Eritrea If the British succeed in beat ing down Italian resistance in Eritrea where it appears the Italians have concentrated the cream of iheikregular and colonial troops further resistance on the part of the duke of Aosta Musso linis east African proconsul would become ahopeless formal ity The British have therailroad from Addis Ababa torDjTbtmtl under air bombardment and plight of the Italians in the Ethiopian capital surrounded for hundreds of miles with illde veloped country teeming with hostile or semihostile Ethiopian of them eager for h a s given some cause for alarm Mackenzie Predicts to Campaign Near U S Coast By DEWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst The surprise isnt in British Premier Churchills an nouncement that German Uboats amibattle cruisers have been operating on what he refers to as the American side of the Atlantic but m the fact that they havent been found in these waters before Germany Italy and triple made it em phatically clear that they consider the United States already in the war because of our allout aid to aiii A natural corollary is their presence on our side of the fence Of course their saying so wont put us into the war unless they b a c k their charges w i t Ii action When they start sink ing ships 1500 miles off our coast however it certainly cre a t e s what might be de scribed euphe mistically as a delicate situa tion HenHitler MACKENZIE has declared that every supplies for Brit ain will be sunkHe has decreed hat no American supplies must reach England Emphasis would seem o have been given this declaration bv British admiralty figures issued Tuesday for Anffloallied mer chant shipping losses For llic week ending March 9 they were given as 98232 tons and for the previous week 141134 These figures were contrasted with weekly losses averaging 75000 tons and 53000 in January Thais something for theallies to worry about If England doesnt getsupplies she will be hungry in a few months and her vital industries willhave to close In other words she will be beat Britain feels that to defeat the German submarine campaign is to supplement her navy quickly with more Ameri can warships Considering our nonbelligerency that could be done in either of two ways IBy lending more American naval ships to the British to man and operate under the union jack 2 By sending our ships out under their own stars and strips to act as patrols to convoy merchantmen seems to be noalterna tive Actually too while Britain could man a considerable num ber more ships she probably couldnt man a sufficient number soon enough to meet the emer gency That rather puts it up to our Uncle Sam lo consider hov far he wants to go Now any warships which are convoying or patrolling in the submarineinfested Atlantic lane are liable to be damaged or sunk This means that if American war ships should be used under their own flag and one of them got torpedoed we should sure enough be in the war officially or other wise Well forewarned is fore armed I might add that this is infended as my farewell ap pearance in lliis column in the role of a spiritdoctor whose medium Iclls him that Yan kees arc right out in the no mans land of this conflict We may expect the Uboat drive to intensify rapidly and to work nearer our coast just as tue Ger man bombers are striking with renewed fury at Britislrports like Liverpool Bristol Cardiff and Glasgow In order to destroy dock ing facilities for those merchant men which escape the Uboats Sinkings in our waters arent new however marines a quarter ago ACCIDENT ISFATAL MANKATO Minn liam Fitzloff 56 StChirr Minn farmer died in a hospital of in juries received March 8 in an ac cident at Eagle Lake which in volved four automobiles Install AntiAircraft Batteries U S CANADIAN SEAWAY WORKS PACT IS SIGNED Agree on St Lawrence Great Lakes Project Power Is Included W A S H 1 N G T O N United States and Canada signed an agreement Wednesday to pro ceed immediately w i t h develop ment of the Great LakesSt Law rence river seaway and power project as a vital joint defense measure The state itc parl m c n I in announcing the signing of the agree mem in O 11 a w by American and Canadian offi cials m a d c public an ex change of notes which Pres ident Roosevelt Nazis Claim Jugoslavia to Sign Showdown Is Nearer Troops Mass First linked the proj ect w i t h the policy or aiding Britain to w i n Parliament BIdgs Ottawa the war An engineering report released at tha same time gave the total estimated cost is 170000 for the entire development The im mediate objectives are an increase of power production in the inter national rapidi seclion of the St Lawrence river and an outlet for shipbttilding facilities in the Groat Lakes area Details cif the agreement on the long standing project will be made public next Friday President Koosevell yjans 0 transmit it to congress with a rc muestjforthe necessary appro priations The sameTlar it wifj go before llic Canadian parlia ment Kovival of the plan through an agreement rather than a treaty ob viates the necessity of ratification by the senate The senate failed in 1034 to approve a waterway treaty by the necessary two thirds vote The signing took place in Ot tawa nt 11 m CST Irimc minister W L Mackcn King signed for Canada and 1 P Moffut United Stales min ister to Canada fur this country along with A A Bcrlc Ameri can assistant secretary of state and John Hickcrson attache of the Washington stafe depart ment and member of the United StatesCanadian defense hoard President Roosevelt set out Ihe aims of the two fold development m a reply to a iiote from Macken zie King asking whether thte United States was ready to carry out the project Announcement that the agree ment would be presented to con gress Friday made by Stephen Early white house secretary American Made Planes Are Landing in Greece By THE ASSOCIATED IICtSS BELGRADE Jugoslavia The warthreatened hoping lor the best but fearing the worst edged nearer i showdown in the Britishaxis diplomatic struggle Wednesday with German report mat Jugoslavia uoiild cast her lot with the HomeBerlinTokio line up March German circles here circulated this report following 90minute meeting between German Minister Viktor von Ilccrcn mid Jugoslavia toreiRii Minister Alksamior Cin LiirMarlcoviV Furthermore these quarters the signing would be witnessed by Japanese Foreign Minister YosuUe Matsiioli cmoiile to Rome and Berlin Tile GcriiiuiiJugusliiviii nc Sltiatiniis were matched at the ether end of the ISalkans by re liable reports that Foretell Min ister Sultrii Sarucoglu of Tur key hat left abroad a Britisl Plane for Palestine He was be lieved o he cnroutito Effjut tu confer with British Foreign Sec retary Aiuiuiny Eilcn A usually wellinformed Greek source said Greece was preparing to divert 500000 troops to her northern from for the campaign I in cooperation with the British Only 300000 of the 800000mni Greelc army arc holding the Al banian front against the this informant said On the other hand the Germans were saicl to have IB divisions or perhaps 240000 men in Bulgaria along the Greek and Turkish frontiers Jugoslavia herself was deep in military preparations withmore men being called daily but neu tral military men doubted that this country would have IGOD 000 men under arms by the months odd as had been predicted in some quarters Uilh the British pouring some troops into Greece lie Istanbul newspaper Ycni declared that a strong British stand is ihc miiy ijjine that LOOK INSIDE FOR KIC1IAKD C HOTTEIKT Writer Held by Nazis Correspondent to Be Allowed to See Consul PAGE North lowans Awarded Diplomas at Iowa State PAGE 15 can prevent a Ucrnian victory in the Balkans Diplomatic messages reaching Belgrade saicl the British besatV landing Americanmade places Wednesday in Greece for the an ticipated battle of the Balkans RAF pilots were sukl to have flown the planes from Cairo De tails as to the number and types were not disclosed Despite the German reports here high Jugoslav quarters de clared the Belgrade government luid stiffened its altitude loivard the especially since British troops1 have landed in Greece There was an unconfirmed re port here thai i speciul Nubian envoy hid arrived frum Moscow lo discuss foreign policy with Jugoslav IcMlcr llui official quarters said no Russian had uecn SHIPPING PORT STATES PLANES CAME IN WAVES RAF Carries Out Wide Attacks on Important Centers in Germany By THE ASSOCIATED Pit ESS Germanys luftwaffe thundered firebombs and high explosives on the English shipping city of Hull population 300000 ill a violent overnight assault leaving great numbers or dead and wounded Dispatches from llic lloinb torn eitjWednesday said the attack was the worst of many suffered there with the raiders roaring overhead in stcndv waves usingthe same tactics that cost 1000 lives and injiircd in last weeks smashes at Liverpool anil Glasgow Berlin said several hundred planes engaged in the raid at tacking through the entire night A single highexplosive bomb bhisteil a shelter and ihe only survivor there was a 12 month old baby Many residents were caught in their homes Residential damage wus severe Rescue pinties were busy dig ging out dead and injured when the allclear sounded shortly be fore dawn The raid began with dropping ot a few bombs in the early evening Then came a lull of three hours The lUicks full fury struck shortly after mid night when bombs rained down with such intensity it seemed the entire city would be blasted apart Tins continued several hours withouta letun fiesciicrs used all the tools Ihcy had and when there were no more for volunteers vvlio swarmed to the blasted sections many fell to ci83ng into the debris with their u C I Kc received recently and the legation denied thu story Hole Cut in Wall But 3 Burn to Death ASHER Okla oC a frantic mother that she and her two children had taken refuge un der a bed brought nighbors on the run Wednesday night to lie blaz ing farm bungalow of Arthur Stafford The neighbors cut a hole m a wall but reached the 20 veal old mother ancf the children too tote to save them Stafford was away at work in on oil field House Forbids Schools to Enroll Children Under 5 Increase Maximum for Blmd Assistance From to a Month hundreds ot i5 but lhcic wils ol extensive put nut incendiaries DES MOINES with the viewpoint that the school room ought not to be a nursery the Iowa house Wcdnesdej voted to forbid the enrollment of chil dren under live years in kinder garten The bill which now goes to the cuatf ivasapproved in an to vole U alo would not a rollment minimums of many Iowa districts which already have a kindergarten floor of five years and a first grade floor of six X Besides the S10 hike in ihc blind assistance ceilinjr the so cial welfare bill also provides for the elimination of the S30 a month personal earnings ex emption in fifrurijiff Hie monthly check V w The A LONG STEP BOSTON first step down was a tiil feet in Joseph Ward 16 es caped uith a few minor cuts arid bruises He walked through hi bedroom window early Wednesday while asleep The Weather FORECAST MASON CITY ami vicinity Fair Wednesday night Low about 28 Thursday parlly cloudy and colder IOWA Fair colder west Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy slightly colder south and cast MINNESOTA Cloudy occa sional lifht snow north colder northwest Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy fo cloudy light snow northeast IN MASON CITY GlobcGnzcttc weather statis tics Maximum Tucsday Minimum Tcusiiay nich At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum children under five yujirs rcquiriim state social weltar months to enroll iti first grade i autliwilici to disregard im u In i busy diy covering i variety 1 moll of subjects affecting lownns from llle hlllul the newborn biibe stage up to and including the sightless the house passed and sent to the senate 1 A bill lo raise the allowable maximum of state blind assist ance from S30 to S0 a month The vole was IOG lo 1 2 A measure which would re uuire cities awl towns to accept financial responsibility in law suits tiled against the drivers of fire trucks and police patrol cars as a result of accidents uhicli happen in the line of duty The vote was 100 to i A bill require dial all adoption records be sealed by thc clerk ot the district court and thereby provide a deadend street for cossips and scandal mongers The vote was 101 lo ft n outside bv recipient The federal social welfare board however fid not approve ot that provision and at one time held up federal matching funds for s ever i I months The money later wis paid however Elimination ol that sec tion by this session was requested by federal mthoriliex A tolal of 1533 lowaiv drew blind assistance checks averaging 52300 last month About liulf the money comes from the federal treasury one quarter from the state and the other quarter from the counties Total cost uf the program is about S4fi000 rt year Representative Waller D Walcotl jsaid he did not ex pect hat the ceiling boost would increase the cost ot Iowa blind assistance to any appreciable tCTlt sprinkled on a convent One dus lcl ol lire bombs scared throtigii a theater roof tr ihe stage I moments after the audience had 1 left KAF POtfXD AT NAZI NAVAL BASK British RAP bombers countered with a heavy attack on the north German port oC Kiel and again pounded the German naval bisc at WilheJmslinven and oil slot age tanks at ihe iuzihcld city ot Rot terdam Holland The German high command re ported a number of civilians were killed and many injured in tiic RAFs forays ngainst the reich but asserted damrgc was slight v if if German longranee bombers stabbed by daylight ul u convoy ot merchant ships cstoi Icrl by six Krilisb deslrovcrs in Ihr north Atlantic offiiial Omnaii ncivs ascmy reported One shin of 5000 to 8000 Inns was lislcil as sunk ami another left with a heavy Cilitig new blows in the crilicil battle of IIic Atlantic Hitleis high command asserted also that a nazi speedboat sanl two mer chantmen totaling 10000 tons in ii raid on a convoy off the English southeast coast Moreover the high command German Mibmiirincs sank tmec other ships lotiling making a grand total of at IcaU 31500 tons The house also refused dump jthc steering committee calcndm Rohde Pleads Guilty 30 30 44 into the sifting committee That T1 refusal virtually guaranteed 10 1 ClTOllSm ficials said the consideration Wed ncsday afternoon of the bill lo re quire banks lo clear all checks at par That bill Is up near Ihc top of the current calendar Representative E E Cooper fi sponsor of the school age bill said he had had many complaints that the mothers arc sending their children tn school too young in some country dis tricts Representative Ivan R Mills R Adair said some mothers try to send children to school s early i ia life as possible so that they I MANY HOMKS AUK WRECKED IV LONDON London has its longcst oiorniglil alarm since last Decembers dusk dawn attacks Ihc sirciH wailinj shortly rftor 11 p m and the allclear signal coming it tiiwn Many finnics were reported demolished niid some persons wric rapped in the wreckage AIT PLEASANT withdrew his plea of innocent and anoe enibasy aitad e pleaded gulty to a charge of turned from Berlin H terrorizing the inhabitants of a that a German cr EW0 lndInB W1S nmv t u isovvell the time for I of hours Ior 10 1 ml Meanxvhile diplomati Monday March 24 iust moves in wont have to bother them throughout the day Schools arc schools and arc not in the nursery business The bill some representatives niiiii the British and nizi armies arc reported lcs than 100 miles apart icros IJic Greek Bulgarian about WOMAN HEADS BOAliD SHENANpOAH Carl nunuerecu wife of a seed company Jusoslavia a net Turkcv executive is tlic first woman1 president of the board of cduca hcrc She succeeded E G The bill some representatives Squire Mrs Woiford is Ihc only 26 reported would not affect the en1 woman on the GOVERNORS OF TURKEY AND THRACE CONKER Governors ot Turkish and Gre cian Thrace conferred at a Iron ;