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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 19, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HASLON Of H 0 WOTWEQ THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII CENTSA COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 19 1937 Tins PAPEtt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 141 COMPLETE SEARCH FOR BODIES WOULD CHANGE TEACHERPUPIL RELATIONSHIPS Fowlkes Addresses North Iowa Educators Safety Talk Heard OXNAM SPEECH TAGE 2 ROBINSON SPETCH PAGE 11 Fundamental changes in teacher and pupil relationship methods of teaching teaching personnel and the spirit of education were advo cated by Dr John Guy Fowlkes of the University of Wisconsin at tlie convention of the north cen tral division of the Iowa State Teachers association Friday morn ing The high school auditorium seats were unable to accommodate the large number of teachers that gathered from 15 North Iowa counties for the second day of the convention Learning the Wisconsin univer sity professor maintained is The process of finding out for oneself If you accept that definition then you should accept the one that learning should be a continu ous mental exploration party he added Concept of Teaching If you accept that concept then you must accept its corollary the concept of teaching as the stimulation and direction of learn ing If you cogitate on these con ceptions for a while it seems to me inacceptingthem wehave Arrest of Chrysler Strikers Ordered State Senate Approves FarmMarket Road Bill Defies Kraschel Demand The Weather Accepting Amendments of House BULLETIN DES MOINES Iowa senate passed 38 to 2 and sent to the house Friday a bill Im posing a two per cent use tax on articles bought outside the state of Iowa for use in the state DES MOINES Iowa senate passed 37 to 10 Friday and sent to Gov Nelson G Kraschei for his signature a remodeled farmtomarketroad bill which recently became the subject of heated controversy between the governor and house republican leaders In accepting 25 to 15 house amendments to the bill the sen HAS NO COMMENT DES MOINES W In formed that the senate acted against his wishesin approv ing house amendments to the farjiitomarkiit road bill Gov ernor Kraschel said I have no comment to make PROGRAM V FRIDAY EVENING p m Operetta The Vaga bond King by Rudolph Friml Mason City high school vocal department directed by Ellen Smith assisted by Mary Sherman and Marjorie Smith followed by receptiondance at HotelHanford SATURDAY MORNING Northwood high school band national Class B champion in 1936 and winner of the subdistrict contest re cently held at Britt Lloyd T Dillon director dress C rime Prevention Through Education W H Drane Lester United States bureau of investigation de partment of justice Washing ton D C Horace Manns Description of a Good School Miss Agnes Samuelson state su perintendent of public instruction meeting Platform guests presidents of County School Masters accepted a very very different slant on teaching than the one given us A good teacher is one who re moves as many handicaps as pos sible from education i sometimes wonder if I am hindering my class more than I am helping it The teacher Dr Fowlkes main tained is too much in the spot light She is being made the pri mary when she should be the sec ondary or tertiary factor in edu cation Like Indian Guide A teacher he added should play the role comparable to an Indian guide teaching a lender foot how to paddle a canoe The learner rather than the teacher should be the primary considera tion in education Dr Fowlkes also mainlained there must take place a funda mental change in the method of leaching I am not afraid of having moot economic questions considered but there is a question of whether the teaching is doctrination or pres entation he added Concerning questions on which groups of peo ple have opposite views we should give the student every opportunity to observe and draw his own con clusions Intellectual Reservoir If we present indisputable facts we can make the school an intel lectual reservoir from which the student can draw conclusions on perplexing problems I am not in favor of making the schools the stenciling agency for social ideas On the matter of teaching per sonnel Dr Fowlkes advocated lower salaries for the first two or three years so as to cease making the schools the vestibule of pro fessional transients Higher sal aries than now existing was ad vocated for those established in the profession Hear Safety Talk The brightest star of hope in the safety firmament is the school ate republican majority defied Kraschels demand that they be defeated After acting on the bill the senate started preliminarydiscus sion of a use tax prop osalde signed to plug borderlineleaks in the Iowa sales tax by payment of two per cent on ar ticles boughtoutside the state for use in Iowa Thehouse set con sideration of a similar measure for next1 Thursday Seek Federal Aid As passed the farmtomarket bill sets up the administrative machinery of a program designed to take advantage of possible fed eral grants for road improve ment Kraschel charged last week that house republican leaders in deciding to amend the bill to pro vide diversion of 4 per cent ot primary road funds to the farm road programhad in jected politics into the bill He asked whether a paid lobbyist had attended a caucus at which he said house republicans agreed to support the amendments Called for Defeat Later the governor urged in a radio address that the senate turn down the house amendments Three democrats Senator Les ter Gillette Fostoria Senator Sam D Goetsch Decorah and Senator Henry J Grunewald Blairstown voted against the governors re quest that house amendments be turned down Two republicans D W Kimber ly Davenport and Paul L Mill hone Clarinda joined with other democrats in voting to reject the amendments as Kraschel had re quested IOWA HOUSE APPROVES BAN ON FIREWORKS DES MOINES 65 to 28 the Iowa house Friday i passed and sent to the governor the Baldwin bill banning use of fire crackers or fireworks except under authorized supervision The act would become effectvie Jan 1 1938 FORECAST IOWA Snow or rain Friday night and Saturday slightly warmer in extreme eastern por tion colder in extreme western portion Friday night colder Saturday MINNESOTA Generally fair in north mostly cloudy and un settled in cast and south por tions Friday night and Satur day somewhat colder in north west portion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum Thursday 48 Above Minimum in Night 23 Above At 8 A Friday 29 Above The temperature Thursday af ternoon rose to the highest point recorded in Mason City since March 6 when a maximum of 59 degrees for 1937 was registered Friday forenoon the sun was ob scured by a thin layer of clouds and the heat wave seemed to be at least temporarily stopped HOUSEWFiGHT ON CENTENNIAL Rejects Senate Resolution for Committee Named by Governor DES MOINES flared in the Iowa house Friday as that body flatly refused to ap prove a senate resolution giving the governor authority to name an official committee of 25 to formu late a program for Iowas 1938 centennial observance The house voted 07 to 20 to de feat the resolution after Rep Gus tavo Alesch D of Marcus chair man of the appropriations com mittee said Want IMorD Money Its another case of preparing to ask for more money Under stand Im not opposing this bu I want you to know that there an appropriation bill coming up to allocate for this pur pose Alesch added that on a recen trip to Iowa City to visit the uni versity I was besieged by per sons wanting money for the ceil tennial Rep J P Gallagher D of Wil liamsburg who is 74 and a nativ of Iowa deeply resented the re marks of Alesch and Rep T E Craven D of Kellogg who is 70 and who decried such foolish ness He Likes Economy I cant restrain myself longer Gallagher fired back at them I like economy but Im shocked at the attitude of this house when we wont hesitate to spend 000000 in Iowa yearly for jazz bands and chasing pongee And the gentleman from Jasper Crav en will be tossing his nightcap in to the air with the rest Hep Thomas Stimpson D of Anamosa gained the floor after the vote had been announced to say this is a direct slap at the historical aspects of our state AUTO FIRM NOT TO ACT HASTILY TO EVICT MEN Sheriff Says Carrying Out Court Order Question of Man Power DETROIT Judge Allan Campbell Friday ordered he issuance of writs of attach ment calling for arrest of 6000 it down strikers who have occu pied eight Chrysler corporation automobile plants lor 12 days The corporation indicated it vould not proceed immediately high officials of the United Automobile Workers of America who were made respondents with the strikers in the injunction which Judge Campbell issued last Monday Since 9 a m Wednesday the sit down strikers have been in viola ipn of the injunction which or dered them to evacuate the plants by that hour Sheriff Thomas C Wilcox salrt ie would make no attempt at ejec tion of the strikers until he ob tains additional deputies or the assistance of the national guard Its simply a question of man power he said I will serve any writ if I have enough men I cant do it with my presentstaff 1 have askedlthe cpurrfor 600 special deputies to eject the Newton Packing company strikers If 1 get the deputies I will act immediately on the Newton or the Chrysler cases The eight captive Chrysler plants wereguarded by augmented picket lines Members of the Union Patrol and a flying pa Eye Witness Story Told by Reporter Oklahoma City Writer at School 2 Hours After Fatal Blast EDITORS NOTE When an explosion wrecked the New London school Charles Sauls berry sports editor of the Ok lahoma City Times was cover ing spring training ot the Okla homa City baseball team at nearby Jacksonville Tex In the following eye witness account Saulsbcrry tells ot what lie saw when he reached New London two hours after the fatal blast By CHARLES SAULSBERRY Written for the Associated Press NEW LONDON Texas saw this little Texas oil town trol of automobiles pared to reassemble were pre the 20000 strike sympathizers who put on t show of strength at the striker held plants Wednesday morning DRIVE FOR UNIONIZATION OF TEXTILE WORKERS By The Associated Tress The launching of a unionization drive among 1250000 textile workers shared attention Friday on the nations industrial front witli the impending crisis in Mich igans major automotive strike A meeting in New York Friday of the textile workers organizing committee signalized the begin ning of the campaign ordered by the committee for industrial or ganization Labor leaders said the decision of textile firms to raise wages for more than 47000 workers in Vir ginia the Carolines and Georgia and 35000 in New England will not deter them from organization Among the objec syslem W Earl Hall president of the Iowa State Safety council told the convention upon introducing Arthur Kragcr principal of the Lincoln school and Gerald Keister director of boys shop classes Mr Keister showed slides de picting the development of the safety problem from ancient times to the present climaxed by scenes from in front of the Mason City high school building Mr Krager presented a demon stration by a group of boys from the school patrol He outlined the type of instruction given the boys and described the manner in which they carried out the im portant task of getting little chil dren safely over crossings One of the important instructions he pointed out is that of stop the children not the cars Welcomed by Irons The teachers were welcomed by R B Irons superintendent of the Mason City schools Everyone in Mason City is glad to welcome the teachers he said The teachers are glad because it gives em an opportunity to gel acquainted The children are glad because they get a day off The merchants are glad because they feel they will have an opportun ity to serve you The Chamber of Four Killed in Crash of Japanese Bomber TOKIO officers of the Hamamatsu air corps were killed Friday when their heavy bomber crashed on a tea planta tion in Shizuoka prefecture W H Lange Former Lakota Pastor Dies LEBANON Wis Hev W H Lange 64 former pastor at Lakota Iowa died here Commerce looks upon the teach ers gathering as the best con vention of the year Mr Irons called attention to the receptiondance to be held at the Hotel Hanford Friday evening following the presentation of the operetta The Vagabond King at the high school auditorium The speaking program was pre ceded by vocal selections by a group of grade school children under the direction of Miss Mil dred Jackson Past presidents of the north central division were platform guests al activities lives were a minimum wage ot weekly and a 35 hour week Union Printers Strike A strike of 300 union printers left Indianapolis without a daily newspaper The dispute arose over wages and involved three dailies The Star News and Times C P Howard international president of the Typographical union said the strike was in violation of an ob ligation A final settlement oC the Hom ineton Rand Inc strike was be lieved imminent following an agreement between the American Federation of Labor and James H Rand Jr Although terms were withheld Rand said the agreement provided for reemployment ot 1 200 strikers Oust Sit Downers Police arrested approximately 70 sit down strikers after they re fused o leave a Woolworth 5 and 10 cent store at New York Sev enteen strikers at a Brooklyn Woolworth store also were arrest edSit downers continued to oc cupy five 5 and 10 cent stores of another company in New York Employes of nine Thompson restaurants at Pittsburgh struck for wage increases and improved working conditions A union lead er said 400 walked out Acting Police Commissioner John Prendergast announced fur ther violence would not be toler ated in Chicagos taxicab drivers strike He said we will give strik ers the works in the event of further outbreaks Warrants were issued against 55 sit down strik ers occupying the Wilson and Ben nett company maker of steel bar rels in suburban Clearing struggle Thursday night to re cover from one of the most crush ing death blows the southwest ever has known Just across the slract as I write this is the explosion wrecked school buildings where hundreds of school children and teachers were blasted lo dealh Now only a few hours after the blast at least a thousand rescue workers labor under spotlights to wrest the broken bodies from a mass ot twisted steel and bricks Distraught parents strain at rope which rings the desolate scene Their faces streamed with tears lie aVtssmbthbred with despair they wait to learn the fat of their with littli hope i No Shoutsor Screams There were no shouts no screams Just an ear rending roa and the whole center of the I shaped structure seemed to lit from its foundations and fall bad to bury the occupants under a mountain of brick and tile I raced here in my automobile with C J Knho Oklahoman Times staff photographer from Jacksonville Texas about 25 miles away We were there cov ering the spring training camp of the Oklahoma City Indians base ball team With us rushed a lone line of motor cars herding for the scene spurred by the incredible story which spread through the coun tryside We reached this little oil town about 5 p m two hours after the blast Already the town was in confusion Its only what we call a wide place in the road hard ly to be called a town Pick Up Bodies Bricks and tile spread from the wrecked building in all directions Ambulances race to the front of the building pick up their bur den of little bodies and speed away Hushed and press against white the faced giant stretched around the school they rope The Dies of Heart Attack DES MOINES A Glew 51 president of the Central Whole sale Grocery company died after a heart attack 5 spotlights mounted on trucks send their searching white fingers over the ruined structure flash on the oil wells which surround the schoolyard Doctors shout terse orders Men dig with their bare hands into the pile of bricks and steel frantical ly laboring to reach the crushed bodies Stretcher bearers hurry to arid fro silent as they clear the trail of death Already those grimfaced res LOOK INSIDE FOR CHARLES EVANS HUGHES Clarke Former Supreme Court Member to Talk PAGE 2 Klomp Baffles Young Star m Mam Tilssli PAGE 9 House Wets Drys in Local Option Tangli Liquor Bills Before Assembly Summavizec PAGE 8 Opening Installment of The Mouthpiece PAGE 5 425 TAKEN FROM BLAST WRECKED SCHOOL BUILDING nvestigation Gets Under Way Seeking Cause of Giant Explosion That Caused Worst Child Tragedy Nation Has Ever Known NEW LONDON 425 crushedand mangled bodies of hildren and teachers removed from the blastshattered wreckage of lie London consolidated school workers ended their search Friday ifternoon for additional victims of the nations worst school disaster Colonel C E Parker national guard commander expressed belief every body had been found A military inquiry to seek the cause if Thursdays great explosion quickly got under way within the uins Every brick had been turned in the basement of the demolished juilding before workers pronounced their task finished Colonel cucrs tell me 300 bodies have been dragged from the shambles Rumors race in hushed whispers through the crowd Some say 600 must have been killed Others 500 But there is no doubt death did its job thoroughly brutally Escape With Injuries A few victims escaped with in juries but from the mass ot wreckage the real story of horroi unfolds It is one of sudden death striking in midafternoon of warm sunny day Most of the victims trapped in a long twostory mid dle section of the building In one of the two wings a parentteacher meeting was in progress when the blast struck Most of them es caped Here and there an eye witness tells me of the unearthly rumble which heralded the blast The roof lifted they say as if propelled by some giant hand Then down it fell in a rain of horror to crush its victims in de bris Oil workers rushed from ad joining wells caught the first sur vivors as Ihcy rushed bleeding from the buildings the blast dam aged and hurried thorn lo nearby homes Responds With Help Soon the full weight of the tragedy fell on the peaceful little own and hundreds hurried to th iceiie Quick to respond neighborin oil towns of Kilgore Longvic Hendrickson rushed ambit ances Soon the rescue was lull orderly stride and so it con inues now One grayhaired woman tel no she had two children in Hi school She has waited for houi n the hope they would be foun jlive But as the hours pass sh becoming resigned to the tel rible truth Now she is going to Tyler neighboring town to join the nun ireds of other parents swarmin hrough hospital wards in scare of loved ones AMELIA TO SEEK TINY SAND BAR Poised for Hop on Second Leg of 27000 Mile World Flight HONOLULU supreme test in a tiny sand bar 1532 miles ahead in the vast Amelia Ear hart and her crew poised Friday for a takeoff on the second leg of her 27000 mile world flight The aviatrix who set a speed record on her flight here from Oakland Thursday said she prob ably would start for the distant speck ot late Friday Army Flyers pointed out a night flight would facilitate the perfect navigation required to hit the two mile long island for navigators Capt Harry Manning and F J Noonan will have stars to guide them The landing itself could be accomplished after dawn There is every possibility of a takeoff late Friday said Miss Earhart She delayed an imme diate start because of weather conditions and to permit a check of the plnnes motors They have a long way lo go and I want to be sure they are in shape she said The flight was expected to lake 10 or 12 hours Miss Earhart made the Oak landHonolulu flight in 15 hours 51 Vj minutes beating the previ ous record held by the Hawaii Clipper by one hour 6Vi min ules arker said He declared 425 bodies been carried from the tangled pile of steel and brick and added There may have been a few more lhaii that Wearied oil field laborers who nad toiled withacetylene torches loisting machinery and bare lands for 21 hours Friday morn ing in a slashing rainstorm stopped work in groups and went to their homes nearly all of which were bereft of at least one child Dismal Drlzzlingr Scene The final hours of the tragic task showed a dismal drizzling scene dotted with frenzied red eyed parents and determined in vestigators that ac cumulatedgas caused the blast that lifted Hundreds of school children heavy girders and bricks into the air came from Major Howard when he said Dr E P Shoch noted chemistry professor at the University of Texas had been summoned to testify The recovered bodies compris ing virtually all of the country sides younger generation and their teachers were distributed among widely scattered morgues Highway Patrol Captain Walter Elliott had estimated more than 500 were dead Seeping gas an ever present menace in oil fields collects in pockets even in well ventilated buildings and along highways as sistantFire Chief J J Lynn ex plained at Oklahoma City Gas Forms in Pockets Gas sometimes forms In pockets in valleys in the oil field country he said The East Texas country of New London is hilly Youd probably find more gas pockets along highways there The theory of accumulated gas was first advanced by Superin tendent W C Shaw who himself lost a son in the destruction of the high school A sympathetic nation followed the leadership of President Roose velt in offering succor The national Red Cross sen disaster director Albert Evans to iead relief work The Texas legis lature set investigative machinery lo work and sent a delegation o its members to make a first ham survey of the communitys needs Nearly Every Home Grief reached into virtually every home of oil workers com pany officials and farmers in the community Parents wandered from oin morgue to another peering be neath sheets They plodded from one East Texas hamlet to the next seeking word of children hastily from the Lon don consolidated high school afte the blast Thursday They crowded around radios in drug stores straining lo catch Hi words of an announcer who reac and reread Hie list of dead am injured Nurses Lift Covers Stretched end to end on a Overton roller skating rink floo at one time were 136 dead The line past the shrouded figures was steady Nurses lifted covers tous led heads appeared As rapidly as they were identified they were taken away to morgues Next to speculation as to the cause of the tragedy the most popular topic of conversation was the recounting of dreams and hunches which supposedly indi cated the nearness of the explo sion Almost every theory for the building collapse that could be conceived by stunned minds was advanced in the street corner dis cussions This section of East Texas was pine studded farming country be fore the discovery of oil brought wealth and superimposed a new population of petroleum workers and their families Captain Elliott reported lo Aus n headquarters that order was re tored lo the stricken community vhere Gov James V AUrcd de lared martial law Thursday night ifter inrushing sightseers and ves ue workers mingling with the renzied parents brought about chaotic conditions Work of examining the build ng tor bodies should be completed Friday Elliotts message said Acetylene torches cutting the wisted steel beams of the massive nuilding tugging cranes and bare lands worked together in uncov ering the bodies Rain slashed at the workers Fri Jay morning slowing their beaver like lab 01 t Workmen vals after 19 steady hours of boi ing into ruins of a 5250000 struc ture that was proclaimed ttie worlds wealthiest rural school Work stopped in the fields largest petroleum sector in the world and schools were closed tight Kin Give Description An information clearing agency vas established at the Overton city hall There anxious kin gave descriptions of their youngsters My boy was wearing a brown shirt corduroy pants and brown shoes He was such a little boy Weighed about 110 pounds Two or three minutes later the mother swooned when informed lie was alive in a Tyler hospital Telegrams of condolence piled liigh in telegraph offices Kin and Friends of the dead packed the little office and scribbled death messages to all corners of the na tion Face Had Smile Telephones were in constant use Voices were heard We have found Mary mother no I dont Lhink she suffered much Her face nad sort of a smile on it Can you come home tomorrow Tom They havent found the boy yet Thousands stood silently in a vast semicircle around the shat tered building Occasionally work ers would pause while n tiny body was lifted from beneath brick and steel Stretchers were there and parents surged forward to peer at the form Cause of the blast was sought as one official advanced the theory oC gas accumulating in the building from the nearby East Texas Oil fields one of the worlds richest Derricks on Campus Oil derricks are on the campus There were 700 students and 40 teachers in the two story London consolidated school unit of a Sl 000000 block of educational struc tures when an explosion Thurs day near dismissal time showered brick and slecl upon screaming viclims The school located on n hilltop between New London and London serves an area of 30 square miles Eight hours after the blast a junior high school boy and girl were rescued alive from the ruins as more than 1000 men from the rich east Texas oil fields attacked the wreckage The two sobbing hysterically were clasped in each others arms under a protecting arch formed by falling debris A woman teacher was removed alive but injured after being buried nearly six hours Superintendent Escapes Born of oil many authorities theorized the structure show spot of the dcrricked oil belt met destruction in the same man ner Superintendent Shaw who stood outside on the grounds and barely escaped death from debris that hurtled 300 yards in all di rections said it was quite pos sible unburned gas from the nearby field had accumulated in basement crannies and hollow tilsj ;