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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME Five Cents a Copy Aasodated Pres and United Press Full Lease Wirei L MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 18 1949 Paper Conslsti ot Two No 1ST THEIR FIRST AMERICAN MEALFour European war orphans enjoy thdr IhS American meal Thursday at the reception center of the United States Committee for the Care of European Children The youngsters were flown to New York from a dis placed persons camp in Germany They are at thereception center awaiting arrange ments to send them to American foster homes Jet Planes Make Record Ocean Flight Naha Okinawa F80 Shooting Star pilots of the 51st fighter wing completed the longest overwater flight ever made by jet aircraft in the Far East air forces by flying from Naha air force base Okinawa to Yokota air force base near Tokyo Wednesday it was disclosed Friday The flight of approximately 1000 miles was made in 1 hour and 45 minutes with the Shooting Star averaging more than 600 miles an hour The mission was led by Lt Col Robert F Worley Riverside Cal operations officer of the 51st fight er group on Okinawa The other 3 aircraft were flown by Capt Andre Daven port Iowa Capt John F Ander son Buhl Minn and 1st Lt Wiley O Jensen Los Angeles Italy Votes to Join Alliance Communist Filibuster Against Pact Fails Rome author ized the government to seek mem bership in the Atlantic pact Friday after 48 hours of unbroken debate sparked by a communist filibuster against the alliance The chamber of deputies wound up the longest parliamentary ses sion in Italian history by voting 342 to 170 for Premier Alcide de Gasperi to go ahead with his plans for aligning Italy with the western powers Thus the communists lost their parliamentary battle against the pact But they called for contin ued demonstrations flash strikes and other measures of protest which had touched off violence in which one worker was killed and many persons were in jured The roll call on the motion to authorize the government to nego tiate for participation in the pact began at p m a m The crucial balloting began after the chamber had defeated a communist amendment to prevent the government from granting military bases to any foreign power tinder the pact The communist motion was in troduced by Falmiro Togliatti the countrys communistboss in a bid for further delay But the cham ber president ordered a show of hands instead and the amendment was defeated overwhelmingly by the majority of Christian demo crats right wing socialists repub licans liberals and independents In the last phase of the debate Togliatti spoke for half an hour against the pact He was followed by a right wing socialist who also opposed it Then Pietro Nenni left wing socialist leader wound up the marathon discussion Churchill Sails for America on Queen Elizabeth Southampton Enr ston Churchill sailed on the Queen Elizabeth Friday to lecture in the United States Churchill his wife and their and daughter Mr and Mrs Christopher Soames occu pied 2 first class suites on the huge liner Prof Harold Laski for mer chairman of the labor party and Churchills bitterest political foe was aboard cabin class also to lecture in America Churchill is scheduled to speak Massachusetts Institute of tchnology on March 31 Iowa Senate Passes House Road Bill by Vote of 450 DCS Moines UR The Iowa senate Friday passed and sent to the governor the key bill in a pro posed 20 year road improvement program The vote was 45 to 0 The houseapproved measure sets up a road use tax fund to fi nance the road program and establishes a formula for distrib uting the money The fund would get an esti mated a year from such state levies as the gas tax and auto registration fees Fed eral aid would bring the amount available for roads to an esti mated a year Fortytwo per cent of the money is allotted to primary roads 35 per cent to secondary roads 15 per cent to farmtomar ket roads and 8 per cent to cities and towns Money for farmto market roads will be distributed to a basis of 60 per cenF according to area and 40 per cent according to need Northern counties won a victory in the house when that chamber amended the original bill proposed by the interim road study com mittee to weight the distribution of farmtomarket road money in favor of area more than of heed The senate left the house version unchanged Also sent to the governor by the senate Friday was a house ap proved bill setting up a retirement system for state highway patrol men members of the state bureau of criminal investigation and fire protection employes of the public safety department The system is similar to those in force for mu nicipal police and firemen Before recessing for the week end the senate amended and then passed a house bill providing pen alties up to fine and 30 days in jail for wanton neglect of chil dren The senate struck out house approved provisions providing stiffer penalties for 2nd and 3rd offenders Urge Governor to Keep Sales Tax Intact We believe that the sales tax law should remain as it is only as long as our state needs the reven ue and not be made useless by ex emptions even for political pur poses Gov William S Beardsley was told Saturday in a telegram from C H Chase Ames secretary of the Iowa Retail Farm Equip ment association and Philip R Jacobson Mason City secretary of the Iowa Retail Hardware associa tion The telegram was written in answer to a statement made in a letter signed by D L Bruner leg islative chairman of the Associ ated Retailers of Iowa to the gov ernor urging repeal of the sales tax on food The telegram from the retail farm equipment and hardware as sociations stated Please be advised that retail hardware and farm equipment as sociations were not polled by Dale Bruner legislative chairman for the Associated Retailers of Iowa regarding the exemption of food from the retail sales tax law Our joint membership of more than 3000 believe that any ex emption will weaken the sales tax law Bills are already on file to exempt other lines of merchan dise We believe the sales tax law should remain as it is only as long as our state needs the revenue and not be made useless by exemp tions even for political purposes ASKS FINE DISMISSAL Washington L Lewis Thursday asked the V S court of appeals to set aside the contemptofcourt fines levied on him and the United Mine Workers during a strike last year V B HAMILTON Will Serve on State Board of Education Des Moines William S Beardsley Friday appointed V B Hamilton of Hampton a demo crat as a member of the state board of education Hamilton will replace Lester Gillette Fostoria democrat as a member of the board for the 6 year term beginning July 1 1949 The governor also reappointed Carl B Stiger of Toledo as a member of the Iowa employment security commission for a new 6 year term beginning July 1 Gov Beardsley still has 2 ap pointments to make to the board of education The terms of W Earl Hall Mason City and Rich ard A Plock of Burlington both republicans also expire June 30 The chief executive declined to comment on whether Hall and Plock would be reappointed The board of education consists of 9 members 3 of whose terms expire every 2 years Hamilton is a former secretary of the State Farm Bureau federa tion He was Franklin county agent at Hampton for several years At present he operates a hog breeding enterprise Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Friday night and Saturday Warmer Saturday Low Friday night 10 to 15 High Saturday 38 to 42 Iowa Increasing cloudiness Fri day night and Saturday Slight ly warmer Saturday Low Fri day night 10 north 1520 south Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Slow warming over the week end Turning colder again by Wednesday Precipitation will be lightaveraging onetenth of an inch occurring as snow Monday and Tuesday Temper atures will average 8 to 10 de grees below normal Normal highs near 53 lows neear 30 Minnesota Generally fair and continued cold Friday night and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Friday Maximum 31 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Friday 17 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 44 Minimum 33 Truman Still Hopeful on Legislation Says He Is Trying to Pass Program in 3Party Congress Key West Fla Truman expressed hope Friday of ultimate enactment of the major part of his program despite op position from rebellious southern democrats and others The chief executive in a news conference said that he is trying to pass his legislation through a 3party congress made up of dem ocrats republicans and Dixiecrats And he said the latter are not good democrats Mr Truman said he has as yet made no plans to stump the coun try to build up fire under oppon ents of his proposals He had noth ing to add he said to his Jeffer sonJackson day dinner threat to take a train swing around the country Approves Pact Mr Truman said the North At lantic pact has his entire approval had read the entire that he has approved the speech on it by Secretary of State Ache son While he declared that of course Dixiecrats are not good democrats Mr Truman talked patiently and kindly of the rebellious congress which has dealt him a series of setbacks He said he still had hope that members of congress will function all right After all he said it is a new congress which has been in ses sion little more than a month since organization was completed He said he thought we ought to give congress a chance to act To Confer Mr Truman said he will re view the legislative situation with democrat leaders at the white house Monday and call in his cabi net for a talk Monday afternoon The leaders are Vice President Barkley Senate Majority Leader Lucas Speaker Rayburn and House Majority Leader McCor mack Mr Truman apparently in no mood to start a long distance fight with congress said he could only advise the legislators He would not comment on the apparent de feat of his civil rights program the hpuse locat bill or the tabling of his nomina tion of former Gov Mon C Wall gren of Washington as chairman of the national security resources board Call Railroad Union Leaders To Appear Before Board on Strike Cleveland ff Leaders of 4 brotherhoods striking against the Wabash railroad instructed their grand officers Friday to appear before a factfindingboard in St Louis Monday The order apparently meant that the strike now in its 4th day will continue at least until that time President Truman appointed the board Thursday and Monday is the first day it will meet Announcement of the next step in the controversy was made by the office of Alvanley Johnston head of the Brotherhood of Loco motive Engineers after a meeting of the representatives of the 4 rail unions Johnston said the factfinding board also had been told of then decision George H Sido operational chief of the railroad said the road had furloughed some of the nonoper ating employes and probably would step up layoffs Friday ATTORNEY NAMED Washington The senate Thursday night confirmed the ap pointment of William R Hart Iowa City as U S attorney for the southern district of Iowa No Automatic War Provision in Treaty Senate Vote 6323 in Favor of Compromise on Filibuster AP Wirephoto HOW NATIONS LINE UP UNDER SECURITY shown in black on the map are those expected to be united under the North Atlantic security pact details of which were made public Friday Shaded countriesare those under the domination of Soviet Russia Acheson Gives Views on U S Alliance Role Washington of State Dean Acheson Friday made clear his belief that if a western European member of the North Atlantic treaty undergoes a major attack the United States should go to war Acheson gave a news confer ence his views on the obligations contained in the treaty He em phasized that the treaty leaves to congress the final decision to de termine how far the United States would carry out its commitments in the treaty He observed that in event of an allout attack such as those suf fered by France in 1914 and 1940 treaty members would apply their honest judgment as to what action is necessary to restore peace and security Under the treaty Acheson said this government has an interna tional legal commitment to do cer tain things He said that while no body can force this government to take action he is sure we will do what we contract to do in the pact The final decision Acheson said will be made under American constitutional procedures Con gress knows our obligation to re store peace and security he added and it would use its best and hon est judgment to do that Acheson said in the treaty the negotiators had written as pre cise a statement as it is possible for nations to write However he drew a clear distinction between major attacks on treaty members and what he described as border incidents You dont use a sledge hammer to kill flies he remarked TO OPEN DIET Tokyo Emperor Hirohito will formally open the Japanese diet Saturday Farm Legislation Fate Made Uncertain by Split on Rent Washington sharp split over rents between house mem bers representing city districts and those from rural areas raised a little uncertainty Friday over the future of farm legislation In the house fight on rent con trols many rural district members voted for amendments which their city colleagues contended would weaken controls in crowded ci ties There was much private talk of possible reprisals Chairman Copley DN Car of the house agriculture committee said I have heard no threats but several members have taken occa sion to tell me that they thought the rural members should hsvo gone along with the city members for a stronger rent control bill But I dont think there will be any reprisals Cooley said And if there are reprisals I dont think they could be justified or warranted in any way The house soon will consider legislation setting future policy for farm price supports and other measures vital to rural areas Some northern democrats who resented the fight on the rent bill have been holding private confer ences to decide on a course of ac tion Rep Pace a house farm leader sounded an indirect warning to other members from rural areas during the rent de bate He said I am sure then that those of us who serve farm districts will not be wanting in sympathy and understanding of the problems faced today by those who serve our great city districts I am sure we will not be un mindful of the fact that we serve best the interests of the farmers when we seek to protect the economic welfare and good standard of living for those who consume the products of the farm Washington crushing weight of a republicanDixie steamroller new debatergag rule stamped on the senatesbooks furious objections by Truman democrats that it would block action on civil rights After voting 63 to 23 Thursday night to adopt the compromise rule to stop most future fil senate put aside for the time being the whole question of President Trumans civil rights program That program was at the core of the long ruleschange fight Republicans said the new bill would permit action on civil rights Ahead was an imposing array of vital administration legislation Iowa Vote Split Washington Hick enlooper RIowa voted with the majority Thursday night as the senate approved a compromise change in its rules permitting votes of 64 of the 96 members to curb debate on all business except dis cussion of a proposal to bring up a future rules change Senator Gillette DIowa voted against the compromise dealing with rent controls the Eu ropean recovery program recipro cal trade agreements and housing All are ready for senate action with rent controls tabbed for de bate Monday after a routine busi ness session Friday Behind the senate was a bitter battle of 16 working days that ended late Thursday night when the GOPsouthern democrat coali tion forced adoption of a debate limiting rule assailed as ineffective by democratic leaders Thirtyfour republicans joined with 29 but 10 of them from approve a rule under which the yes votes of 64 senators can gag debate any time except on a future rules change Fifteen democrats and 8 repub licans opposed the new rule to the last Its adoption means that two thirds of all of the senates 96 elected members will have to be in the chamber and vote for a gag before it can become effective Schwengel Desk Is Draped in Black After Cage Defeat Des Moines mem bers of the house took notice of Davenports defeat in the high school basketball tournament and Friday draped the desk of Rep Fred Schwengel RDavenport in black Rep Edna C Lawrence R Ottumwa v asked as a point of special privilege that Schwengel be required to stand so that the members could see what it looks like to be a loser The Ottumwa team defeated Davenport Thurs day night Schwengel received a box of flowers to place alongside the black drapery He feigned a weep ing act and said well be back Blocks Action on James Boyd Appointment Washington Eu gene Millikitt RrColo has tem porarily blocked senate action on President Trumans nomination of James Boyd to be director of the federal bureau of mines Boyds appointment was includ ed on a list of several nominees approved in rapidfire order by the senate after disposing of its drawn out antifilibuster fight Thursday night When the senate clerk came to Boyds name however Millikin jumped to his feet and refused to grant unanimous consent to take up the nomination The senate immediately proceeded to other nominations There was no indication when the senate again will get around to the nomination No Greene Students Injured When Bus Collides With Auto Iowa City Two persons were injured Thursday night when a car and a bus loaded with 32 Greene high school students col lided 6 miles north of here on highway 218 Police said Lyle Zahradnek of route 4 Iowa City driver of the car and an unidentified man who was riding with Zahradnek were hospitalized in Iowa City Eud Wolters Greene high school basketball coach said none of the bus passengers or the driver was injured The Greene pupils were returning home from the state tournament when the crash oc curred Wolters said ACCIDENT FATAL Spencer D Brown 79 died in a Spencer hospital Fri day of injuries suffered in a car pedestrian accident at a Spencer intersection last Sunday night The retired traveling man had lived al Spencer 30 years DEES OF STROKE Newton H Morgan 77 oldest member of the Jasper County Bar association died in a hospital here Thursday after suf fering a stroke in his office the previous day SAME 71 14 Reveal North Atlantic Pact Text Friday Each Nation Will Decide Whether Use of Force Necessary By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington tf The North Atlantic treaty it was officially disclosed Friday would pledge the United States and allied nations to resist automatically an armed at tack against any one of possibly by the use of armed force Each nation would decide for itself whether military force was necessary The pact thus recog nizes that in this country only congress can declare war The unprecedented treaty pro posing for the first time in peace to bind America in an alliance with European nations was made public at 10 a m CST by the United States and the 7 other countries which intend to sign it here about April 4 This official disclosure of the terms is expected to arouse Rus sia to new heights in propaganda attacks against the alliance The Soviets already have denounced it as an aggressive iriove against them despite the repeated asser tions of western leaders that aim is strictly defensive 14 Articles The treaty 1040words and 14 articles long provides for crea tion of a council of the member nations and of a defense com mittee to strengthen and coordi nate the defenses of the whole huge region t2 North America western Europeand the lantic An attack against the territory occupation forces ships planes or islands of any of the allies any where in this vast area would the signal for all the powers to spring into action according to the treatys provisions The key provision of the pact is article 5 which says The parties agree that an armed attack against one of more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that if such ah srmed attack occurs each of them in exercise of the right of individual or collective defense recog nized by article 51 of the charter of the United Nations will assist the party or parties so attacked by taking forthwith individually and in concert with the other par tiessuch action as it deems nec essary including the use of armed force to restore and maintain security of the North Atlantic area Reported to UN Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shaUimmediately be reported to the U N security council Such measures shall be terminated when the security council has tak en the measures necessary to re store and maintain international peace and security That is the longdebated sec tion which although stopping short of an automatic pledge to go to war is designed to put Russia on notice that an attack on any of the western powers would instantly be met by all of them The parties referred to in the pact are the nations signing it These will definitely include the United States Canada Norway Britain France Belgium The Netherlands and Luxembourg In addition Iceland Portugal Den mark and Italy have been invited and are expected to sign After next months signing the treaty will come into actual force when a majority of the govern ments have ratified it But the majority must include America Britain Canada France Belgium The Netherlands and Luxem bourg Before the United States can ratify the senate must apr prove the pact by a majority Arm Europe Even while the senate is debat ing the treaty President Truman is expected to send to a billion dollar program to rearm the treaty nations of western Europe and thus give added mean ing to the allimportant article 5 Other major provisions of the proposed pact 1 The North Atlantic council is to be BO organized as to be able to meet promptly at any time Presumably it would be called into session as soon as an emergency threatened 2 The defense committee shall recommend for defend ing the whole arm bonding 1 up the military ifepgtfc the ;