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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL UV Anodated PTCM and United Full Leased Cento Copy MASON CTTT IOWA THURSDAY MARCH IS Thta Paper Couicta of Two Bcctlona Section HOME EDITION iiiiiir 137 REDUCE RAIL PASSENGER SERVICE CONGRESSMEN SPLIT ON UHT DRAFT REVIVAI Trend Toward Giving President 1 But Not Both Military Measures By JACK BELL AP Staff Writer Washington split down the middle Thursday on President Trumans plans for shoring up the nations military strength with universal training and revival of the draft Party labels were lost in the shuffle as leaders divided over the 2 measures Mr Truman said are needed to flex the muscles of a country that has become the principal protector of the free world against communism The upshot seemed to be a trend toward giving the presi dent not the manpower raising laws Universal military training looked like slightly the better bet although the cards are stacked against UMT in the house right now As a 3rd step to halt the ag gressive march of one Truman also called for quick and final approval of the Marshall plan for European recovery The senate already has passed its bill And within 4 hours of the presidents address to con gress the house foreign affairs committee stamped its okay on a similar program The chief executive told a New York St Patricks day banquet audience Wednesday night that the big issue in the world now is tyranny versus freedom Our faith and our strength he said must be made unmis takably clear to the world Bluntly Mr Truman accused Russia of trying to sabotage the peace and of seeking to bring all of Europe under communist sway In talking to the St Patricks day dinner in New York he made a major text departure when he lashed out by name at Henry Wal lace the 3rd party presidential candidate After asserting that We musl beware of those who are devoting themselves to sowing the seeds 01 disunity among our people the chief executive declared Russia Fights UN Probe of Czech Seizure Lake Success seem ed grimly determined Thursday to fight on against a United Na tions inquiry into the communist grab of Czechoslovakia A decisive eastwest clash over Soviet expansion in Europe is in prospect The U N security council vot ed Wednesday over strenuous Soviet objections to hear all that can be turned up on the Czecho slovak crisis The decision was taken against a backdrop of bitter namecalling by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis ter Andrei A Gromyko Applause for speakers answering Gromy kos thrusts echoed three times in the packed usually staid council chamber The council set next Monday for the start of debate on the case filed last Friday by the govern ment of Chile against Russia Gromyko called the Chilean complaint a dirty and slanderous document he said Chile was a lackey of influential foreign cir cles and he called Dr Jan Pa panek TJ N delegate fired by the New Prague communist regime a traitor Twice Gromyko emphasized that he was acting on direct in structions from the kremlin But ie did not walk he did 2 years ago in the Iranian case Gromyko appeared to be trying to tie the Chilean complaint to President Trumans speech deliv ered to congress 2 hours before Wednesdays council meeting Be fore entering he told newsmen the presidents speech was propa ganda mainly for internal con sumption Inside he told the dele ates the campaign against the soviet Union was being heated up by statements of certain officials including very very highly placed jersons Gromyko produced only one di rect argument against hearing the case He said the U N charter prohibited interference in the in ernal affairs of a nation and that his was strictly a Czechoslovak iffair I do not want and I will not accept the political support of Henry Wallace and his com munists If joining them or permitting them to join me is the price oJ victory I recommend defeat These are days of high prices for everything But any price for Wal lace and his communists is too much for me to pay There was no immediate reply from Wallace who was scheduled a radio rejoinder to Mr Trumans speech to congress for p m Thursday night But earlier in the day the former vice president and ousted Truman cabinet member had termed the address to con gress a shameful call for world remobilization a complete admis sion of failure of the Truman doc trine and a call for an American police state Congressional leaders ins both major political camps agreed on one want to do some thing to stop the spread of com munism across not only Europe but the world But there the agreement stopped Chairman Vandenberg R Mich of the senate foreign re lations committee said that if this country does not now have the es sentials of national armed security we must provide them by the most available immediate means Senator Taft of Ohio a GOP presidential candidate indicated he may fight the draft as well as the UMT proposal which he long has opposed Taft said he regretted that Mr Truman had not pressed for real unification of the armed forces and for the worlds biggest air force Blue Drops Curtain on Love Seat for Governors Home Des Moines Robert D Blue Wednesday stopped a dec orator who was about to describe the love seat and other furnish ings that will go into the new gov ernors home Blue said at a meeting of the 12member committee which is preparing the home that details of decoration have not been decided and will not be made public W D Mackenzie a representa tive of the Cedar Rapids firm of Killians had described the clas sical tradition of the drawing room when Blue entered the room and said that the committees ac tion has been limited to selecting Killians as decorator and naming a subcommittee Demobilization Does Not Cut Soviet Army Washington State De partment said Thursday reported Russian demobilization moves do not change the size of the Soviet army Press Officer Michael McDer mott told reporters there is no significance in Russian announce ments that all men in the Red army are being returned to civil ian life except those in 2122 year age group As far as we can tell this means no change at all in the number of troops in the Soviet army Mc Dermott said Recent estimates by American military experts have played Soviet army strength at 4050000 SENTENCE PAIR FOR FORGERY Orville Dean Ford Ellsworth was sentenced to 18 months im prisonment and fined and Thomas Emmett Hannon Jr Fort Dodge was sentenced to 8 months imprisonment and fined on pleas of guilty to forging signa tures on the backs of government checks when they appeared be fore Judge Henry N Graven in federal court Wednesday It was further ordered that the defendants be admitted to proba tion Ford for a period of 3 years and Hannon for 2 years and be committed to the custody and su pervision of Edward L Anderson probation officer Each further had to make resti tution to the amount of the checks on which they forged and count erfeited endorsements ARMED FORCES SEEKING BOOST IN MANPOWER Forrestal Reveals Army Leaders Want Ceiling Hiked to 900000 Men Washington For restal said Thursday the military high command wants ceilings on army navy and air forces man power boosted This would clear the way for possible drafting of far more than 340000 men if congress approves a draft The secretary of defense was before the senate armed services committee backing President Tru mans request for revival of the draft and for utmersal military training A draft he said is the only way to get needed manpower He told the senators that recom mendations will be submitted later for increases in authorized strength of the services Forrestal said he could not say now what increases will be asked but he believes the army will ask that its ceiling be boosted from 670000 to 900000 men It now has about 560000 He offered no fig ures on the navy or air forces The authorized strength of each service is a ceiling congress has put on the number of men it can have The present ceilings add up to 1732000 men Actually the services have 1392000 The draft is asked to get the 340000 men needed to bring strength up to present ceilings Under questioning Forrestal also said 1 If Russian forces decided to move into Germany or other parts of Europe the United States forces there could not stop them 2 There are less than 30000 useable army combat troops in the United States at this time Secretary of the army Royall and secretary of the navy Sullivan were before the committee with Forrestal They were riot able to give defi nite answers to questions about how it is planned to operate a draft FoiTestal estimated there is a gross reserve of about 3000000 men available for selective serv ice Royall said this includes 1 men who were eligible for World war n draft but who because of cut backs were not taken and 2 youths who became 19 prior to any establishment of UMT Royall said too that some thought is being given to making men who served only a month or two in the last war eligible for the new draft But Royall emphasized that no definite decision regalding selec tive service manpower has been reached by the military chiefs Were just discussing it he said Senator Maybank DS Car asked Royall how long a term of service is contemplated under se lective service Our present thinking is that it would not be less than 2 years Royall replied Scientist Believes Russia to Have Atom Bomb by This Summer Des Moines atomic scientist says he will not be sur prised if Russia has the atom bomb by summer He will be much surprised if it takes the Soviets longer than 1951 to develop the bomb Dr Harrison Brown of the University of Chicago institute for nuclear studies said Wednesday He spoke at a united nations conference at Drake university here Brown said his reckoning was based on American experience in lowans Already Volunteering to Serve on Local Draft Units Des Moines already are volunteering to serve on local draft boards if congress should reenact selective service Moreover the national guard and the various federal armed serv ices report that the trend of international affairs as described by President Truman is expected to cause an increase in enlistments Brig General Charles H Grahl adjutant general of Iowa said Thursday his oCfice had received several calls from lowans to express their willingness to serve on cal selective service boards if they are needed The guard has 10 Iowa officers assigned to a selective service training program and will be pre pared to activate the draft process ipeedily if the law is passed Meantime General Grahl said w looks for a material increase n enlistments in the national guard as the result of develop ments The reorganized Iowa guard has a strength of 472 of and nearly 400t men in cluding 75 officers and 480 en listed men in air unite Army navy and marine re cruiting agencies throughout Iowa all reported a flood of inquiries in the wake of the presidents ad dress Recruiting officers said that potential enlistees seemed to be shopping around hunting for the best deal If universal military training UMT is enacted it is estimated that probably 25000 young lowans would go into training each year under that program Wallace to Give Speech n Mason City Des Moines Stover emporary president of the Wal acefor President organization in bwa Thursday announced a ten ative schedule for Henry A Wai aces April 2829 appearances in owa The tentative schedule April 28 10 a Iowa campus address open to Dublic 3 p conference n Des Moines 4 p vith farm leaders in Des Moines p address in CRNT radio theater auditorium in Des Moines April 29 11 a ad dress at William Penn college in Oskaloosa 3 p confer ence at Mason City p Public address in armory at Ma son City Meeting with northern Iowa farm leaders to follow ad dress HOME Eagan 70 year old bachelor returned from visiting a neighbor Wednesday to find that his oneroom house atop the 1300 foot Broad Moun tain near Pottsville Pa had disappeared In its place was a gaping 35 foot hole The thawsoftened earth completely covered the structure The mountain is honeycombed with mines Packinghouse Union Makes Futile Bid for Arbitration Helstem Wants Fact Board to Decide Wage Dispute in Industry Chicago ff Striking CIO meat handlers made an unsuccess ful bid for arbitration Thursday when President Trumans fact finding board opened its study of the unions nationwide strike Ralph Helstem president of the CIO Packinghuose Workers of America union urged that the board sit as a private arbitration tribunal with both sides giving it the power to decide the wage dis pute Nathan P Feinsinger board chairman said he considered it was the overall function of the board to avoid or terminate a strike or lockout The board which will report to the president by April 1 decided to hold closed sessions Feinsinger said the board will attempt to speed up its re port Henry Wallace 3rd party can didate for president Thursday in New York sent a telegram to Hel stein in which he expressed his unqualified support to you and the 100000 packinghouse workers who have now been forced out on strike by the completely unjust and untenable position of the big packers Meanwhile as the strike against about 140 packing plants across the country entered its 3rd day shipment of animals to markets were about as many as a week ago Prices in the wholesale markets continued to rise as the work stoppage cut in half the nations meat production In Chicago the center of the packing industry and where more than 20000 workers are on strike retail meat prices have increased from one to 5 cents a pound since last weekend A packing industry spokesman in Boston said meat prices would rise 15 cents a pound if the strike in 4 New England plants is not settled immediately The National Association of He tail Grocers said meat saleshad increased from 20 to 60 per cent over a week ago in markets in many parts of the country Mrs R M Keifer secretary manager of the association said we can say with certainty that there is no reason at present for any panic buying about meat sup plies Earlier the supply of meat in the nations warehouses was re ported sufficient to meet the countrys average need for 3 weeks There are about 150000 AFL and independent union mem bers who are not on strike They accepted a wage increase of 9 cents an hour However the members of the CIO United Packinghouse Work ers of America struck in a dis pute over demands for a wage in crease of 29 cents an hour Vet Students Vote on MacArthur Tempe Ariz UR Arizona State colleges 1537 veteran stu dents will vote Friday on wheth er they approve of Gen Douglas MacArthur as presidential candi late Rueben Limas veteran of the Bataan death march who leads a group circulating anti MacArthur petitions predicted he vote would show almost 100 3er cent of the vets disapprove of the general 10 ARE KILLED IN PLANE WRECK 4 Others Injured as in Florida Tampa Fla men were killed and 4 injured early Thurs day vhen a B29 from the Spo kane Wash airbase crashed and burned on landing at MacDill field here The 4 survivors were admitted tb the base hospital Their condi tion was described as good The bomber was coming in for a landing in a dense fog when it hit the edge of the runway at the southwest corner of the field it was reported by Capt G Byrnes MacDill field public information officer The big craft hit the ground bounced once and then crashed and burned Wreckage was scat tered over a wide area Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and warmer Thursday night Rain showers developing late Thursday night Friday cloudy and wanner with occasional rain showers Low Thursday night 35 to 40 High Friday 50 to 55 Iowa Mostly cloudy with scat tered showers Thursday night and Friday Warmer Thursday night High Thursday 60 south near 45 to 50 north Low Thurs day night 40 to 45 High Friday 50 north to 60 south Minnesota Mostly cloudy and Thursday night Light snow northeast and extreme north portions and showers re mainder of state Thursday night Friday showers and a little cooler IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Thursday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 20 SAME WhiU flar meant no traffic death in past 24 bogri Couldnt Take It Lebanon Jnd said Alva Lundy has taken all the crit disgust I got a cussing with every ticket I passed out he said Sports Bulletin defeated Boone in the first quarterfinal contest of the Iowa state high school basketball tournament here Thursday afternoon 41 to 36 to advance to the semifinals opposite the winner of the Dav enportLoras clash Ankeny led by the sensational shooting of Dick Fontana raced to a 103 lead early in the game and had a 149 command after the first quarter Boone was back strong to grab a 2016 lead and the Z clubs went into a 22all tie at the halftime and were dead locked 3131 at the end of 3 quarters Shoppers Swamp Mason City Army Navy Recruiters President Trumans address to congress Wednesday had consid erable effect on the number of pelsons making inquiries at the Mason City recruiting offices of ficers incharge reported We were swamped Wednes day afternoon said Chief Clab Ligget of the navy office He saic the men bounded from one office to another just seeking informa tion Three of them made up thei minds to reenlist in the navy he reported Capt E H Martin in charge o recruiting at the army and ai force office said that inquirie regarding enlistment was in creased at least 200 per cent ove normal times The national guard units hen reported that so far no effect ha been shown inasmuch as no drill have been held since the Txuman address Aged Invalids Carried to Safety From Fire Otlumwa G A Per kins and Mrs F B Gordon both 86 and bedfast were carried from the burning Perkins home a Cedar 10 miles southeast of Oska loosa at a m Thursday fa Mrs Perkins daughter Mrs Fay Walker Firemen from Fremont extin guished the blaze but there wa considerable damage 2 North Iowa Towns Tops in State Safety Des Moines City Decorah and Algona were an nounced Thursday as the winners in their respective classes of the 1947 allIowa traffic safety con test Dan Steele secretary of the Iowa State Safety council said the winners in the top 3 classes wil be announced about April 1 by the National Safety council in Chi cago Iowas 1947 traffic safety ratini among states also will be an nounced then by the Nationa Safety council Webster City Decorah and Al gona had no traffic fatalities in 1947 Webster City has won the con test in the class of cities of G00i to 10000 population 3 times in th last 5 years It was 2nd to Spence in 1946 2nd in that class for 194 was Cedar Falls and 3rd wa Spencer Decorah has won in the 5000 t 6000 population class A times in the last 6 years and was the win ner in 1946 Red Oak was 2nd and OUT SUPS OH BAN EFFECTIVE NEXT SUNDAY CoalBurning Train Travel Cut 25 Per Cent Because of Mine Strike Washington nient Thursday ordered a 25 peif cent reduction in coal burning passenger train service because of Lhe coal mine shutdown The office of defense transpor tation order is effective at mid night next Sunday March 21 It was issued under the war ime powers which the ODT still retains The agency said the step was necessary because railroad coal 5tocks today are considerably lower than they have been on pre vious occasions when stoppages in coal production have interfered with railroad operations Government statistics indicate that about 45 per cent of the na tions passenger trains are hauled by coal burning locomotives The bureau of mines reported 2 days ago that coal stocks gener ally were at a dangerously low level At the time the ODT acted the government was making other moves to end the work stoppage which already has forced the steel industry to cut operations Federal Conciliation Chief Cyrus S Ching met with Ezra Van Horn spokesman for the mine operators 3rd in that class ID Estherville 1947 Second to Algona in the 4000 to 5000 population class was Iowa Falls and 3rd was Jefferson The top 3 classes are made up of cities of 50000 or more those of 25000 to 50000 and those of 10000 to 25000 The contest winners are deter mined on the basis of their fatal ity records improvement over previous years accident records kept safety engineering enforce ment school safety and public ed ucation in traffic safety Republican Senators Decide to Go Ahead With Tax Cut Bill Washington Thirtytwo republican senators decided Thursday to go ahead with the income tax cutting bill despite possible boosts in military ex penditures Chairman Millikin Colo said the GOP conference decided with out objection to push for passage of a reduction bill Senate debate begins on the measure Thursday Millikin said he hopes it can be concluded this week Millikin said the republicans de cided the present budget surplus is big enough to take care of any military spending required Expect Draftees in Uniform 90 Days After Law Is Passed Washington selective service officials said Thursday they could start inducting men into the armed forces within 45 to 00 days if congress passed a new draft law Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey director of the office of selective service records estimated that new induction machinery could be set up within that time if President Trumans draft request is approved Col Daniel O Omer Hersheys assistant said he believes selec tive service could have the first draftees in uniform in possibly 60 days from the time the law is passed The army is now working on a bill to revive selective service in Ime with the presidents request It will be merged with navy and air force proposals and then to the president for approval be fore going to congress The World war II draft chief said the lottery system of drawing draft numbers probably have to be retained would This is the only way you can give them a fair deal Hershey Omer said the selective service ui VC BtCi VlCt icism he can bear Lundy assigned office has no official knowledge to enforce a new parking meter of how many men or what age ordinance turned in his badge in groups would be called in the event of another induction However best Washington opin ion is that any new selective serv ice legislation will call for regis tration and draft of men between 18 and 25 years of age That would fit in with the presidents 2nd re quest for universal military train ing which would takeyouths be tween 18 and 20 years of age It Is estimated that a draft of 18 to 25 year old cligibles would net a pool of about 3000 men or almost 10 times as many as are needed to meet the strength of the armed services Ban Hits Iowa Des Monies Iowa commerce commission estimated Thursday that 90 per cent of the passenger trains operating in and through the state are steam coalburning trains Railroad officials however pointed out that less than 90 per cent of the passengers are carried on those trains Most of the steam loco motives are used on local runs they pointed out with Diesel streamliners the more pop ular trains for longerhaul pas sengers and arranged to talk later with John L Lewis chief of the United Mine Workers The ODT order requires rail roads to reduce coalburning pas senger train service 25 per cent under the operations as of March 1 1948 It prohibits the carriers from iubstituting Dieselelectric or oth er equipment for coal burning lo comotives which will be laid up as a result of the order All special passenger train service requiring coal will be pro tiibited and circus and carnival trains using coal will be banned for the duration of the order ODT authorized the railroads to cancel out passenger reservations or take any other action necessary to carry out the terms of its order Ching told reporters the talks with Van Horn and Lewis were exploratory Reports from union leaders and mine operators indicated at least 344000 miners were idle in 19 of the 28 coalproducing states This left at the most only 14 per cent of the nations coal diggers on the job One Pennsylvania operator re marked wryly that he did not expect the stoppage to end before Monday April 5 if then He ex plained halfseriously that there are too many miner holidays be tween now and April centering around Easter starting with Holy Thursday March 25 and John Mitchell day on April 1 IOWA MINERS JOIN WALKOUT About 500 Diggers Have Left Coal Pits Albia miners are joining the national coal walkout in increasing numbers Frank Wilson president of Unit ed Mine Workers District 13 which embraces Iowa said Thursday ap proximately 500 Iowa members ol the union have left their jobs Wilson said the men had walked out of mines at Frazcr Ogden Waukec Colfax and Mercher Wilson said men working in mines in the Albia vicinity are ex pected to follow the national movement before the day is over The United Mine Workers claim 1000 active members in Iowa A spokesman for the coal op erators said he doubted whether the total number of UMW in Iowa exceeds 500 Each member of congress is en titled on request to as many as 3 plants from the National Botanic Gardens ;