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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1939, Mason City, Iowa oes NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ART IOWA COUP IA VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 18 1939 THIS PAPES CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 137 BOOSTS LEVY ON NAZI IMPORTS EXPECT 2 BILLS Heavy Duties TO REGAIN HALF MILLION IN IOWA P R and Hull 111 After Hitler Robbery Hitlers latest robbery has left Constables Roose velt and Hull slightly ill diplomatic secret Chamberlain and Frances Dala dier promised the president that if he would throw his sup port behind them as he did before and aft er Munich the dictators would be stopped They did not merely lead him to believe Paul iaeu u questionable authority in a posi tion to know guarantees this in formation American foreign policy has been following this assumption French plane deal etc but may ot continue at least not as en thusiastically fr Stamp Scheme Doubted Privately many of Mr Wal lacesbright young men do not blue and orange That is why they aie trying it out only in six cities It sounded good at first The government has surplus food Peo ple on relief need it But the fur ther you go into particulars from there he dizzier it becomes Suppose there is a surplus in spinach Not even Popeye could niake people on relief take spin ach for their orange stamps ac cording to authorities WPA who have tried around it The FSCC has already been having trouble getting rid of dried beans corn meal raisins grapefruit But this is not the greatest trouble anticipated Suppose the reliefer wants a can of beer while the surplus that week is only in artichokes and he is allergic to artichokes If his grocer does not wink at the law and give him what he wants the reliefer could no doubt find a grocer who would Pressure on grocers to cash these stamps in order to keep his trade will be strong Policing the gro cers might become a bigger job than policing the prohibition Jaxv Most authorities do not expect the experiment to last long or become generally adopted i sage of the not dead but tax bill On Neutrality Issue Neutrality issue s is thoroughly buried Two best authorities in congress say Mr Roosevelt has decided not to open the subject by making any formal request for legislation even repeal of existing law He does not dare for fear congress France Voice Rejects Demands L 4h BK fc W V House Passes Measures Putting Inmate Cost Burden on Counties DES MOINES Two bills expected to recover a halfmillion dollars annually which the state has been spending for the care of feebleminded and epileptic per sons passed the Iowa house Satur day The bills place the institutions at Glenwood and Woodward on the same basis as the insane hospitals at Cherokee Clarinda Independ ence and Mount Pleasant The stale has been bearing the entire cost of caring lor inmates at Glenwood and Woodward Charged to Counties Cost of caring for patients at the insane hospitals is charged back to She counties which in turn may collect from relatives of the in mates At S180 a person for a combined population of 3200 last year the Glenwood and Woodward institu tions could have recovered S57S 000 from the counties from which the inmates came Representative Harold B Clay pool Williamsburg who pil loted the bills through Hie house said the original theory must have been that Glenwood and Woodward were schools and that the state should bear the cost of educating 4he inmates Remain There Indefinitely As it has worked out epileptics and feebleminded persons com mitted to the two institutions as children remain indefinitely be cause the insane hospitals are too crowded to assume the burden The house deferred action on a bill to broaden the liability on the part of relatives of persons in state institutions to permit filing of an amendment defining the extent to which care of persons would be a lien on a relatives property Along with several legalizing acts the house also passed a bill age pensioner without jeopardiz ing the S100 which the state can pay Iowa Independent Businessmen Plan March o will provide him with restrictions he does not want Far better be it from his standpoint to let the D cash and carry provision expire AOOSter May 1 and ride along with the embargo feature until next ses sion Of course he could slip word o some administration sen ators to raise the issue on their own but no one at the capitol thinks he will DES MOINES F Pow ers executive secretary the In dependent Businessmens associa tion said Saturday Towa indepen dent merchants would make their second march on the legislatun Monday in an effort to urge pas graduated chain store The independent merchants will be on hand when an attempt is made in the senate to get the tax bill to the calendar Powers said The merchants visited the legis lature for asimilar purpose Feb 21 A different opinion exists in the state department where hope for a change in the law still is held 100 Hens Back Into Fire LAKE MILLS Wis Like the Judas goat of the stockyards a rooster led a hundred hens to their death here When the poultry house at Maurice Smith1 place burning the hens were driven But the rooster sprinted back NAZI OFFICIALS WEIGH VIEWS OF 2 DEMOCRACIES Von Neurath Placed Over Bohemia and Slovakia by Hitler BERLIN Hitler put Germanys authority over her new BohemianMoravian protectorate in the diplomatic hands of Baron Konstantin von Neurath Saturday while officials indicated they at tached primary importance to and British con the seizure of Imposed on Nazi Goods Expected to Curtail Flow of Products to Mere Trickle UP The United States Saturday imposed severe restrictions on German trade by proclaiming a condition al 25 per cent penalty tariff on all imports of nazi goods after April 22 The action followed swiftly af ter announcement by Acting Sec retary of State Sumner Welles that the United States will send a note to Germany which is ex pected to reiterate official abhor ence of nazi absorption of Czecho slovakia and refusal by the United States to grant diplomatic recognition on the change Top Black List The new duties are expected to curtail the flow of German pro ducts to the United States to a thin trickle They were imposed on top of the high black list du ties to which German products already are subject Treasury announcement of the action attributed it to subsidies employed by the German govern ment to aid importers in dump ing commodities abroad How ever the timing of the action leXl no doubt that in part a least it was a direct result of official in dignation at Reichstuehrer Adolf A spokesman for the Rumanian Hitlers seizure of CzechoSlovak legation in London said Rumania had received and rejected sweep ing demands from Germany for complete economic domination as the piice for territorial security AVohlthat was understobdtohave presented the demands Speaking of the condemnations of Germanys course by acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles and Prime Minister Chamberlain an official spokesman in Berlin said that every syllable must be weighed before any official Ger man reply is made Says Chamberlain VnoTjjectivc Semiofficial comment on C h a m b e rl a i n s Birmingham speech in which the prime min ister condemned Germanys wan ton absorption of CzechoSlo vakia said his words lacked ob United States damnation of CzechoSlovakia Von Neurath president of the nazi secret cabinet council and former foreign minister was named reichsprotector of the 7 000000 inhabitants of Bohemia Moravia before Hitler left Vienna for home after a threeday tour of his new realm Nazi spokesmen in Berlin branded as arrant nonsense foreign reports that Hitler had put Hungary ami Rumania next on liis list for subjugation on liis march to the east They said however that Dr iUelmuth Wohlihat was still in Bucharest as head of a German economic mission Will Probe Each Shipment The treasury said it would ap ply the 25 per cent penalty duty to all German goods entering this country It will each shipment to determine whether it was subsidized and if so the amount of subsidy The duty then be corrected to conform to the subsidy It the subsidy is greater than 25 per cent an additional charge will be assessed If less than 25 per cent or if no subsidy was paid a re fund will be made The action was based on an opinion by Attorney General Frank Murphy which had been requested by the treasury last Nov 28 The opinion as given out by the treasury was dated Saturday To Offset Subsidies Murphy said he had found that in the case of barter arrangements on cotton bought by Germany there was a net subsidy of 33 13 per cent on the goods sent to the U Sin exchange The bar tering was carried out through complicated transactions which he said were under control of the German government Therefore he recommended that the treasury put into effect the countervailing duties provided for in the tariff law in cases when it is found that a foreign country is subsidizing shipments to this country MOHAWKS LOSE TO DIAGONAL DES Citys Mohawks after holdingthe lead much of the game faltered in the last half of play to fall before Diagonal 34 to 31 in the semifinals of the state basket ball tournament here Saturday afternoon Read about this thril ling encounter In which the Ma son Cityans nearly captured a state title on the sports page jectivity This comment declared such No Irish Reside in Town of Shamrock SHAMROCK Pa was no wearin1 of the green Friday in this tiny village with the famed Irish name Shamrock is in the heart of Pennsylvanias Dutch country and theres not an Irish man in town but the hill boys seem to know the hens faithfully best j Mr Roosevelt grappled with his income tax return alone but Mr Garner went over to an expert in the house who has been help ing him for 15 years senate has an expert said Gamer but you have kept me out of jail for 15 years and dad gumit I dont want to lose He autographed a congressional directory for the expert S 4 Hitler Goes Too Far Authorities here are inclined to comfort themselves with the opinion that Hitler now has gone too far He led his own German people as well as the outside world to believe that all lie wanted in Germany was German people Now he is taking Czechs Mora vians Slovaks and possibly Ruth enians To Napoleon the same mistake proved fatal CoprrtrM Jvlnr Fsalnres Inr Wife Who Wouldnt Get Breakfast Divorced Pope Pius Receives Ciano in Audience ROME Pius XII re ceived Count Galcazzo Ciano Italian foreign minister and son inlaw of Premier Mussolini in audience Saturday Count Cianos audience was a formal one the first official contact between the new pontiff and a member of the Italian government SIOUX CITY that his wife refused to cook his breakfast the only meal a day he had a chance to eat at home won a divorce for Erwin Drake 38 from Marjory Drake 37 in dis trict court here Friday FOR LATE NIGHT NEWS For the latest news bul letins tonight tune in Radio Station KGLO 1210 at the following times 6 P M 7 P M 8 P M 10PM statements from statesmen of west ern powers gave the small nations of southeast Europe false ideas of the roles they could play after the Afunich accord extended Ger man power to the southeast Von Neurath who gave way to foreign minister to Joachim von Ribbentrop in a cabinet reshuffle Feb 4 1938 will have Prague as his official residence as reichs protector He will have veto pow ers over any acts of Bohemian Moravian administrators that he deems contrary to nazi interests Hitlers Route Secret Karl Hermann Frank nazi dep uty district leader for Sudeten land is to be his secretary of state and Kurt von Burgsdorf is to be ministerial director Though Hitler left Vienna Sat urday morning spokesmen said he probably would not reach Ber lin Saturday night and that elab orate welcoming ceremonies had been postponed until Sunday eve ning The fuehrers route wa kept secret Semiofficial comment on Cham berlains speech charged that des pite frequent German press warn ings newspapers of western na lions had left nothing undone tt make the Czechs think they could flout the spirit of the Munich pact Deny Policy Changed This comment denied that Hit lev had departed from his policy of incorporating only Germans into the reich The form in which the ancient connection between Germany and BohemiaMoravia was of a cited as a refu tation of this charge U wss argued additionally that Hitler never at Munich or else where had renounced his right to play a leading role in central Europe There was no need for Hitler to consult Chamberlain in advance this comment said any more than there was for Britain to confer with the reichsfuehrer on matters within Britains sphere Preparations were under way for a great victory procession from the railway station to the tremendous new chancellery upon Hitlers arrival in Berlin KILLED tlXDER TRAIX PERRY which resulted when he fell under a train caused the death of Newell Hayes 38 of Marion Iowa De tails of the accident were not learned Former Czech Army Head Sees Hitler MERCURY RISE IS PREDICTED Temperatures 10 lo 20 Degrees Below Normal for State DES MOINES tem peratures continued in the lower levels Saturday morning but the weather bureau promised a rise Saturday night and Sunday Friday nights low was G de grees at Mason City while 8 de grees at Charles City and Iowa Falls was reported The highest reading in the state Friday was 34 at Council Bluffs The 24 hour average was 10 to 20 degrees below normal at vari ous points in the state Skies were clear over Iowa Sat urday morning however and the weather bureiu promised gen erally fair weather for the week end Nazis Form New Lineup in Air Force BERLIN Marshal Goering announced Saturday for mation of a new air force com mand for Germanys new eastern domains a move officially de scribed as a tremendous strength ening of the German air force In official quarters it was said this step meant exceeding all plans hilherlo made building up the jjeichs already powerful military aviation Goering as air minister an nounced the new command would be known as number four and would embrace Austria Bohemia Moravia and parts of the Sudeten land and Silesia FORECAST LOOK INSIDE FOR A IOWA Generally fair rising temperature Saturday n i s h Sunday increasing cloudiness and warmer becoming unsettled north portion MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness with rising tempera ture snow northwest portion Saturday night Sunday snow and warmer WEEKLY FORECAST Weather outlook for the period March 20 to 25 For the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys and the northern and cen tral great plains Not much preci pitation indicated temperatures mostly near or above normal IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Friday 23 Minimum Friday night 5 At 8 a m Saturday 10 Expected Reduction in Acreage to Solve Wheat Corn Problem WASHINGTON Agricul ture department officials looked Saturday to reduced acreages in wheat and corn to help solve the crop surplus problem The smallest corn acreage in 40 years and an area sown to wheat 18 per cent below that of last year were estimated Friday by the fed eral crop reporting board Acreage to be sown to corn was estimated at 92062000 compared I with the agricultural administra tions goal o 36000000 The wheat acreage was esti mated at 65650000 compared with the crop control program goal of 55000000 KITTY CARLISLE Is Best Dressed U S Woman Poll Indicates PAGE 2 Marble Rock Youth Killed in Accident PAGE 8 FRANCE CALLS ENVOY HOME Dispatches Nole to Germans Refusing to Recognize Conquest BULLETIN PARIS and Britain sources close to the foreign office said Saturday night are trying to persuade Soviet Russia to join them in aiding Rumania resist the economic pressure of the ex panding German state PARIS Saturday summoned her ambassador to Berlin back to Paris for consul tation and dispatched a note to the nazi government saying she did not recognize the German oc cupation of CzechoSlovakia as legitimate Both moves paralleled actions of Great Britain The British gov ernment Friday orderec1 its am bassador home from Berlin and 1 Saturday sent a note similar to Frances These moves came as Premier Daladier won a vote of confii dence in the chamber of depu1 tics during debate on his demand I demands RECOGNITIONOF CZECH LOSSES IS DENIED BY 2 British Cabinet in New Firm Stand on German Expansion BULLETIN BERLIN German foreign office spokesman Sat urday declared Germany would meet with sharpest repudia tion British and French notes denouncing lie absorption of CzechoSlovakia as illegal LONDONvThe British cabinet Saturday night con sidered a new stand firm policy in the light of Ger manys absorption of Czecho slovakia with the clanger a tlmist at Rumania be lieved to be the chief sub ject of discussion The emergency session for which Prime Minister Cham berlain hastened back from Birm ingham lasted two hours and 25 minutes It was the first Saturday ses sion of the cabinet since Ulc September crisis which led to Hie first dismemberment of CzcchoSlovakia No immediate statement was issued but it was understood the cabinet studied the oreani nationofaEuropean balanceDf power aerainst Adolf Hitlers new imperialism Britain and France were reported to have been joined Ijy the United States and Russia in denying recogni tion of the conquest of CzechoSlovakia Despite denials in Berlin and Bucharest reliable sources here insisted that Fuehrer Adolf Hitler has made strong economic demands on Rumania and that Rumania rejected them Rumania Asks Aid Rumania these sources said officially informed Britain of the for dictatorial powers The ambassador to Berlin Rob ert Coulondre was instructed to present the French note to Ger many at once In answer to the summons to return to Paris it was expected the envoy would arrive here Monday for a report on the sit uation Daladiers vote of confidence was 334 to 258 Chamberlain Says He Cant Smile for Photographer BIRMINGHAM England P Prime Minister Chamberlain left here Saturday in glum mood to attend an extraordinary cab inet session in London When a photographer asked him for a smiling pose the prime minister answered There is an occasion now and again when one cannot smile This is one of them and asked how far PAY ACCORDING TO WEIGHT i EVANSTON 111 ol i Britain is prepared to go in sup porting Rumanias rejection of them The Evening Standard said King Carol conveyed to Britain his fear that Ru mania is in grave danger of German aggression and his determination to fight in stead of submitting to any loss of territory Carol the Standard said sug csted that if Britain France and Teams Burn Floor in State Cage Fight PAGE 9 AJ in 01 unit ii uiLLeuii riiincc ano the girls at the Northwestern uni1 Russia back him he can rally versify law school dance Friday Poland Bulgaria Greece Turkey night were for a incl Jugoslavia to his support good cause As admission their i Tilc Evening Standard said the escorts had to pay onethird of a Rumanian minister informed Brit cent per pound Scale that aflc1 tllc crown council reported the lightest in weight hitnad decisively rejected Germanys 102 pounds the heaviest 145 demands Friday night they worn Europe at a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS urgently weighs position caused by German economic proposals Reports in London say Rumania rejected nazi guarantee of territorial integrity in return for economic monopoly deny any German intentions beyond bringing Rumania into nazi economic orbit tells Berlin absorption of CzechoSlovdkia was complete repudiation of Munich agreement calls cabinet in extra ordinary session summons home her ambassador to Berlin dcpuUc vole Daladier confidence on his demands for dictatorial power i build up French military power government joins Britain in uule to Berlin assailing conquest of CzechoSlovakia i Konstantin von Neurath named German I or BohemiaMoravia Goering announces new air force commprd for expanded nazi eastern domains German law for Slovakia availrc I turn of Hitler from triumphant tour cabinet prepares reorganization if pruKvlni government under nazi law i Saloralja Ljcly army complex mmr lhan hall of occupation of annexed CaipalhoUkraine S ;