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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1948, Mason City, Iowa tf NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL Associated and United Presi Full leased Wires rive Cents a Copy MASON IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 17 IMS TRUMAN ASKS MAKES AU NOfcTH IOWANS NEIGHIOftS This Paper Consists at Two WESTERN UNION PACT PLEDGES MILITARY AID Britain Netherlands France Luxembourg Belgium in Alliance lonclon A newly formed western alliance of Great Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg pledged Wednes day mutual military aid if any one of them is attacked The terms of alliance embrac ing economic as well as military cooperation were made public inthe capitals of the 5 nations as their foreign ministers formally signed the pact in Brussels The 50year treaty forged last week in an atmosphere darkened by the westward advance of com munism called for quick action to put its objectives of common se curity and economic recovery into operation The treaty made part ners of the 5 nations The treaty ordered formation of a consultative council to operate on a continuing basis The council is to meet immedi ately to consult with regard to any situation which might con stitute a threat to peace The treatys 4th article was the crux of the agreement It said If any of the high contracting parties should be the object of an armed attack in Europe the other high contracting powers will in accordance with provisions of ar ticle 51 of the charter of the Unit ed Nations afford the party so attacked all the military and other aid and assistance in their power The 5 powers did not mention Russia by name The text did specify that the consultative council would deter mine steps to be taken in case of a renewal by Germany of any ag gressive policy Significantly the treaty added Or with regard to any situa tion constituting a danger to eco nomic stability In 7 points of the prelude to the treaty the 5 western democracies pledged themselves to work to gether in maintaining interna tional peace and security and in resisting any policy of aggres sion The treaty left the door ajar for additions to the alliance It said the 5 countries may by agree ment invite any other state lo agree to its terms House Rent Bill Facing Senate Fight Washington home rule rent control bill passed by the house ran headon into stiff sen ate opposition Wednesday A hot fight seemed certain in the conference committee which will have the job of trying to bring the 2 chambers together lo decide who should have final say over rent ceilings The present stopgap rent con trol act expires March 31 The house chalked up a 251 to 132 vote Tuesday night for Its bill stripping federal officials of Iowas Vote Washington Iowa congressmen voted for the rent control bill passed by the house Thursday and against it AU are For II q e v e 11 LeCompte and Talle Against Cunningham Dollivcr Gwynne Jensen and Martin major powers over rents The measure would transfer to local bythe gover nors of the various and final authority to raise rents or to lift controls completely This bill would continue rent controls to April 1 the local boards want them The senate flatly rejected the home rule amendment 43 to 25 when it passed its own control legislation last month The senate bill would continue the federal housing expediters present re view and veto power over local board actions MARSHALL SAYS Urg ARMED BACKING IS NECESSARY Asks Consideration of Air Program in Addition to Manpower Measures Washington IP Secretary of State Marshall told congress mem bers Wednesday that diplomatic action without the backing of mil itary strength in the present world can lead only to appeasement Marshall testified to the senate armed services committee in sup port of universal military training and temporary enactment of a selective service law The committee opened hearings AP Wjrephoto WIVES GIVE HUSBANDS POLITICAL least 2 American husbands are going to know about politics the hard way In Camanche Iowa Emil Kahler and L A Wiley the former running for mayor and the latter up for recorder find them selves being opposed on April 5 by their wives who in an effort to arouse more interest in local elections organized an Independent party composed of an allwoman slate Mrs Kahler left and Mrs Wiley map their platforms while Mr Kahler dish towel and plate in hand and Mr Wiley try to sneak a peek at what they may expect Haul Water Into Iowa Community When Supply Fails Marcus was being hauled into Marcus Wednesday from Cleghorn Iowa to provide a water supply for the town Mayor W W Bass said use of 2 1100 gallon tank trucks has been obtained to transport the water The Marcus fire truck will pump it into the towns water mains Marcus has been without a water supply since Sunday when a motor of the pumping station failed The motor is to be repaired or replaced FactFinding Board Tackles Packinghouse Union Walkout Hickenlooper to Fight Trumans Lid on Loyalty Washington h a i r m a n Hickenlooper of the joint congres sional atomic energy committee plans to fight President Trumans directive to federal departments to disregard congressional de mands for loyalty data of federal employes The Iowa republican senator told the senate Tuesday he had no attention of abrogating or giv ing up the statutory authority giving his committee access to the records of any government agency The president earlier in the day ordered that requests for inform ation on the loyalty of government employes be referred to him He said he would assume responsibil ity for disposal of each request in keeping with the public inter est Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday Rain beginning by Thursday afternoon High this afternoon 3538 Low Wed nesday night 2025 High Thurs day afternoon 4045 Iowa Increasing cloudiness and warmer Wednesday night with occasional snow flurries extreme northwest portion Thursday cloudy and warmer with rain west and central Low Wednes day night 2530 High Thursday Congressmen Demand Coal Tieup Reason Washington House Senate Labor Committee Wednes day demanded from John L Lewis and soft coal operators an expla nation within 48 hours of the pension dispute which has closed most of the nations soft coal mines The committee heretofore has refrained from interfering in cur rent labor disputes But chairman Joseph II Ball said the group now want to be kept fiiJly informed on facts leading to the dispute and future develop ments The committee called for an ex planation as government officials saw little hope of an early end to the soft coal strike which began Monday Both government and industry sources feared a shut down ofat least 2 weeks or longer unless Lewis head of the United Mine Workers orders a backtowork movement before his demand on miners pensions is settled Ball telegraphed his request for an expiation to Lewis and Ezra Van Horn management trustee for the union welfare fund The walkout is in its third day and more than 350000 miners are idle in 14 slates Ball pointed out that the joint congressional committee had been specifically directed to study wel fare funds A dispute over pay ment of miners pensions set olf the current strike FIRE DESTROYS ELMA BUILDING 2 Concerns Have Loss Estimated at Elm was estimated at Wednesday in a fire which destroyed a 2story brick building which housed the Elma theater and the Interstate Power company Tuesday The fire was discovered in the theater and before the flames were brought under control an adjoining 3f a m i 1 y apartment building was threatened The building was owned by the Immaculate Conception church the second floor being used as a dining ha41 and public meeting place The Interstate Power com pany used the west portion of the building for a retail store ware house and office The contents were a total loss The theater equipment was val UMT in Congress Talk Washington AP President Truman told congress Wednesday the situation in Europe is critical and asked a temporary draft law and universal military training The president also urged swift congressional action on the Marshall program of economic help for Europe Mr Truman went before a joint session of congress in person to present a grim picture of world affairs and a major report on his for eign policy The recent developments in Europe he said present this na tion with the fundamental issues of vital importance He pointed then to the justcompleted 5nation western European for common defense against attack He said of it This development deserves our full support It am confident that the United States will by appro priate means extend to the free nations the support which the Congress Reaction Washington UR Members of on these proposals only 2 hours congress generally were cautious after President Truman had apWednesday in commenting on pealed for them in a personallyPresident Trumans request for delivered message to congress temporary revival of the draft Marshall said that in addition to But one influential republican these manpower measures a re said it would have to be a lun ucd at by Charles Jones the owner The power company figures its loss at The Alta Vista and Elma fire departments fought the blaze for more than 6 hours Plans were being considered Wednesday for the construction of a community hall to replace the destroyed building middle south 4Cs north and 5055 Minnesota Fair north and partly cloudy south portion Wednesday night with a few snow flurries southwest portion Colder south east portion Thursday cloudy and warmer with rain south and snow northwest portion IN MASONCITY GlobeGa2ette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 40 Minimum 23 At 8 a m Wednesday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 16 Collect Reward Then Admit Setting Fire Indianapolis UR Two young hoys ran to the home of the Rev W P Pearcy Sunday to tell him that his Westminster Presbyterian church was on fire Through the prompt action of the boys 8 and 9 years old dam age was limited to The minister gave each a crisp new dollar bill and praised them Then the boys admitted to police that they had set the lire them selves Rings of a tree tell not merely the age but the history of droughts periods of excessive rainfalls and other factors affcct Ing a trees health CRISIS IN UN ON CZECH ISSUE Security Body Opens Debate on Red Coup Lake Success United Nations faced a grave crisis Wed nesday as the security council pre pared to open debate on the com munist coup in Czechoslovakia The crucial council meeting was called for p m about 2 hours after President Truman delivered his message to a joint session of congress On the critical world situation The issue was so explosive that some delegates feared it might lead to a irreparable break be tween Russia and the western powers The specific question before the council was a Chilean proposal that the council investigate Rus sias role in the Czechoslovak coup It was the 2nd time in the his tory of the U N that Russia has appeared before the council to prevent action against her own government The other case based on an Iranian complaint against Russia resulted in a soviet walk out in March As the hour for the meeting ap proached Soviet Deputy Forein Minister Andrei A Gromyko re mained grimly silent There was little doubt however that he would fight bitterly to bar debate on the Chilean proposal The veto does not apply on a question of I procedure 1st Procedure Under TaftHartley Act to End Nationwide Tieup Chicago day old strike of 100000 CIO meat packing workers came under the official scrutiny of a presidential fact finding board Wednesday President Truman whose earlier pleas to delay the walkout were rejected by union officials named the board Tuesday It was the first procedure under the Taft Hartley labor act designed to end strikes that imperil the nations sion health and safety The meat strike which halved the nations meat production maj provide a major test of the new labor law The 3man boarcl planned its first meeting in Chicago Wednes day to begin investigating the wage dispute which led to the work stoppage in about 140 of the nations major and independent packing plants The striking union CIO United Packinghouse Workers of America promised President Truman every possible cooperation with the fact finding board Similar co operation was promised by one of the major packing companies The board named under a pro vision of the T a f tHartley act has until April 1 to make a writ ten report covering the facts oJ the dispute to Mr Truman It wil not make recommendations bu after the boarcl reports the presi dent can ask the attorney genera to seek an injunction to end the strike An injunction if obeyed would have the effect of ending the strike for at least 80 days Alte a second study of the dispute bj the factfinding board the nationa labor relations board would take a secret ballot among strikers in AIR EXPANSION AGREED UPON U S Military Heads Approve Blueprint Washington nations defensechiefs were agreed Wed nesday on a plan for immediate expansion of the air forces and congress appeared ready to back it up with money Informed sources said the joint chiefs of staff have approved a blueprint that would bring Ameri cas air power close to the 20500 plane strength recommended by the presidents air policy conunis consideration of our air program Y of the house armed He told the senators services committee said the draft The combination of 2 things would have t0 be what I would enactment of the European recovcall a limited selective ery program on the one hand and coverinff say men 18 to 21 with a decision by the American people noue to te caned who are in high that clearly indicates that they are school or who are gainfully em determined in their course are HC saja the V S might necessary now I think to the need oniy 300000 to 400000 men maintenance of peace in the Rep Dewey Short RMo said world bluntly I dont think it the The secretary of state expressed draft is necessary concern over what he called the think there is a lot of hysteria situation requires I am sure that the determina tion of the free countries of Eur ope to protect themselves will be matched by an equal determina tion on our part to help them to do so Then plainly speaking of Kus ia Mr Truman said The situation in the world oday is not primarily the result of the natural difficulties which ollow a great war It is chiefly due o the fact that one nation has not only refused to cooperate in he establishment of a just and honorable peace worse actively sought to prevent it But that is not all Since the accelerated trend of events in being created Short said Just Europe specifically mentioning the another new in a long communization of the Balkan serjes on which the new deal fee states except Greece and the fact and fattened for 16 years that both Hungary and house republicans took Slovakia have been forced into tack from Charles A Hal complete submission to the com jeci Indiana and declined im munist control He reminded the committee that within a month on April 18 Italy I will holda national election This think the president i he said has an importance far entirely logical in asking for uni mediate comment Other comment included Rep Fred Crawford R beyond local Italian affairs versa military training and the It will decide not only whether draft aiong with ERP They go Italy will continue with its res hand in hand Mr Truman was toration into a true democracy K entirely illogical in asking for vill foretell whether the jn the first place without grating trend to which I have re erred may reach the shores of the Atlantic connection with the employers last settlement offer At the same time house repub lican leaders pledged themselves to appropriate enough money to irovide the armed forces with absolutely everything needed or the national security They said hey would urge the house to ap prove the full judget asked by President Tru man plus an additional sum for air forces expansion Under an agreement reached at the recent Key West Fla confer ence of military leaders it was said the air forces would be al most doubled in plane potential and the navys air arm would be vastly improved The joint chiefs agreed that the present air force is inadequate ii the face of the increasingly seri ous world situation It consists o 360000 officers and under its present authorized strength It is equipped with 10800 planes including about 580 bomb ers and 2300 fighters The presidents air police com missions report called for en largement of the present 55 air groups to 70 by 1953 This served as a basis ior the discussion at the Key West conference A decision to support an ex pansion program with funds came at a meeting of the house GOP steering committee late Tuesday Speaker Joseph W Martin Jr The NLRB would certify the re sults to the attorney general who would ask for release of the in junction If the dispute remained unsettled the president could refer it to congress Members of the board are Nath an P Feinsinger professor of law at the University of Wisconsin Pearce Davis chairman of the de partment of business and econom ics at the Illinois Institute of Technology and Walter V Schaef cr professor of law at Northwest ern University told newsmen the conferees agreed that the army and navy must be maintained and that the air force must be built up to effective fight ing strength We agreed he said that we want to give the armed services absolutely everything needed to put the country in a good defens ive position Sen Robert A Taft chairman of the senate republican steering committee already is on record in favor of a air forces budget That is more than Mr Truman recommended Say Stopgap Aid Averted Europe Fall Paris term aid from the United States prevented seri ous collapse in Europerepresent atives of the 16 Marshall plan nations said Wednesday The interim aid they said in an official report enabled stricken countries to pull through The re port added This aid was design ed with limited objectives and could not modify the situation as a whole The French version of the re port used the word brutal to describe the threatened collapse The official English translation changed the word to serious One high American official here named France Austria and Italy as nations rescued by more than spent in interim aid I He added that if these 3 tries had gone under there would have been no reason to spend the now planned as the first years expense in saving the economic lives of 250000000 Europeans under the Marshall plan making a request ior military training because I am convinced ERP will force us into taking mili tary steps Sen Robert W Maloiie RNev is still the same adminis tration that stopped Gen Patton outside of Berlin and waited for the Russians to lake over a large part of Germany This is the same administration that wrecked al most immediately after the close of hostilities the greatest military machine that the world ever saw It still doesnt make sense Sen Glen II Taylor DIdaho vice presidential running mate of Henry A opposed to it I see where Russia is de mobilizing although we dont know to what extent It seems like a poor time for us to be mobi lizing Rep Kerl Steffan This is a farreaching request It almost indicates mobilization for war I am very much disappointed that diplomacy has failed so mis erably It certainly indicates a need of better statesmanship I dont think a draft is necessary unless we are told we have to go to war close of hostilities the soviet union and its agents have destroyed the independence and democratic character of a whole series of na tions in eastern and central Eu rope It is this ruthless course of ac tion and the clear design to ex tend it to the remaining free na tions of Europe that has brought about the critical situation in Eu ope today The tragic death of the repub ic of Czechoslovakia has sent a shock throughout the civilized world Now pressure is being brought to bear on Finland to the hazard of the entire Scandinavian peninsula Mr Truman told congress there are times when it is far wiser to act than to even though action always involves risk He said his recommendations at this time for action represent the most urgent steps towards securing the peace and preventing the war The president stressed that the United States will continue to support the United Nations and will try every possible method of reaching international accord He went on At the same time we must not be confused about the central is Big Day for the Irish Eire Honors St Patricks Day Dublin Thousands of shamrockwearing soldiers jostled through Dublins streets Wednesday in the biggest St Patricks day celebration since before the war Detachments of all branches of Eires services marched through the festive city Irishmen paid tribute to the countrys patron saint Formations of fighter dipped in salute over College Green when President Sean OKelly reviewed the parade Irish folk crowded churches and President and his cabinet drove in state to high mass Saloons were traditionally closed but a few Irishmen with an early thirst slipped across the border into Ulster for a St Patricks day drop St Patrick Irelands says Vie drove the snakes out of credited with wiping out druidism and strengthening I Christianity in Ireland He died March 17 Man Dies After Auto Accident at Sioux City Sioux City Burns about 40 Jefferson S Dak was injured fatally Tuesday night when the car he was driving po lice said struck a telephone pole on the outskirts of Sioux City He died on the way to a hospital in a police ambulance Dr Harmon A Rider coroner said Mr Burns suffered a crushed chest and a fractured neck He said no inquest would be held but that he would continue an inves tigation Gromyko Says Propaganda for Home Consumption Lake Success An drei A Gromyko said he thought President Trumans speech Wed nesday was propaganda mainly for internal consumption That was the only comment of the soviet deputy foreign minister sue which confronts the world to day The time has come when the free men and women of the world must face the threat to their lib erty squarely and courageously And development have reached he point Mr Truman said at vhich Americas position should e made unmistakably clear Mr Truman then spoke of the iigh purposes of the United Na ions charter and added We cannot however close our eyes to the harsh fact that through obstruction and even defiance on he part of one nation this great dream has not yet become a lull reality Therefore he said supplement ary measures are necessary Ior America universal training temporary revival of the draft and swift action on the European recovery program Time is now of critical im as he arrived here for the Unitec Nations security council debate on the communist coup in Czechoslo vakia Negotiations Break Down in School Strike Minneapolis seeking to end the citys 23day public school strike broke down completely today Representatives of two striking AFL teachers xmions walked out of negotiations with Superintend ent of Schools Willard E Goslin and said the talks had been sus pended sight The unions previously accused Goslin and the board of education of failing to bargain in good laith Fire Damages Fostofftce with no settlement in SAME BUck detlli ia S4 Glidden 2story build ing housing the Glidden postotfice was heavily damaged Tuesday aft ernoon by fire The building also housed an implement company dental offices and 2 apartments portance Mr Truman said of the European aid plan The senate has approved Euro pean aid to be started with 300000000 ior the first year The house has not yet acted In urging universal training the president said the United States must remain strong enough to support European countries threat ened with communist control and police state rule so long as com munism threatens the very exist ence of democracy Universal training he said fa the only feasible means by which the civilian components of our armed force can be built up to the strength required If we are to prepared for emergencies Americas ability to mobilize trained men in large numbers in an emergency he said could head off future conflict and help re store world stability Temporary use of the draft the president said is needed to keep the armed forces at their proper strength He said these forces now lack the necessary men and have been unable to get them through en listments ;