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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CO M f DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND Aricivr CES MOIfJES THE NEWSPAPER THAT GIVE MOKE IN44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL t Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA f KID AY MARCH 17 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 139 Report Russian Troops Have Smashed Way to Dniester River at Several Points BULLETIN London news service said Friday that Marshal Ivau S Koiievs 2nd Ukrainian army has reached the Dniester river at several points and that German forces already have begun a retreat into Bessarabia at Mo cilevPodolski This would mean that Russian forces have reached the old Rumanian frontier and now stand within 50 miles of the Prut river which Moscow con siders as the present Rumanian border London reel army plunging rapidly toward the pre war Rumanian border has dealt German communications in the lower Ukraine another severe blow by cutting anew the Odessa Lwow rail line and soviet forces are closing in steadily on the nazi heki strongholds of Vinnitsa and Nikolaev Moscow announced Fri day Another triumph also was an nounced in a soviet the linal liquidation of several German divisions originally esti mated to number 45000 men trapped in the Bereznegovatoye Snigirevka pocket near Nikolaev Red army tankmen by their fire and with their caterpillar wheels wiped out the remnants of the 3 divisions the bulletin said In their vital smash at the Ger roans lateral communications ii the Ukraine the Russians cap lured the rail junction of Vapny arka 45 miles southeast of Viunit sa the communique said Vapny arka is on that part of the Odess line running into Zhmerinka am is 25 miles from the Dniester rive frontier of Bessarabia The Russians previously an nounced they had slashed the trunk line between Tarnopol and Proskurov Vapny arkas fall left the Germans to the southeast but 2 secondary rail es cape lines into RumaniaIts seiz ure represented a 28mile exploi tation of the Bug river break through by Marshal Ivan S Ko nevs 2nd Ukraine army The Russians were reported on the outskirts of Vinnitsa in trie j western Ukraine after capturing Tyazhilov less than 2 miles to the northeast and the Tyushki rail station 3 miles to thesouth Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys 3rd Ukraine army was credited with the capture of Nova Odessa 20 miles northwest of the big Black sea port of Nikolaev and only 75 miles from the bigger base of Odessa itself Other Russian forces are attacking the city from the east and southeast Nikolaev is now sealed off on 3 sides The soviet communique did not reveal the total number of Ger mans killed in the encirclement above Nikolaev On Tuesday Mos cow said 10000 of the troops had been killed and 4000 captured It added that hundreds of nazis realizing the hopelessness of their surrendered in the last stages of the fight Fierce fighting raged in the Prskurov sector near the old Polish border the bulletin said with the Russians warding off heavy German counter attacks No mention was made of the fighting at Tarnopol where the Germans have braced against the Russian surge toward the Car pathian mountain borders of Ru mania and Hungary TROOPSLANDED BEHIND NIPPON LINE IN BURMA Maims Island Invaded in Bismarck Sea Land Based Planes Hit Truk By RICHARD C BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Three smashing allied offensive airborne landing behind Jap anese lines in northern the first landbased bomber rail on Truk in the central Pacific am the invasion of Manus island i the Bismarck Japa reason for the jitters Friday For the first reported time i the Burma war allied airborn troops landed successfully behin crumbling Japanese defenses i the Hukawug valley Lt Gen Jos eph D Stilwells forces there are seeking to clear a supply route through northern Burma to China Truk Japans mightiest base in the eastern Carolina islands is marked for continued air assault after landbased 7th nilforce lib erator bombers Wednesday night blasted airdromes supply and munition dumps nnd naval instal lations without loss Nearest and most logical Ameri can base from which the heavy bombers took off is Eniwetck atoll in the western Marshall islands Truk was bombed Feb 16 ind 17 by carrierbased planes In the southwest Pacific where Gen Douglas MacArlhur cele brated his 2nd anniversary as su preme allied commander Ameri can troops swept ashore on Manus island largest in the Admiralty group Wednesday and by night all were within a half mile of nportant Lorengau airdrome The battletested Americans ffered only minor casualties in e landing but met stronjr pre ared defenses near the airdrome The invasion was sprung Irom djacent Los Negros island in aded by MacArthurs forces eb 29 Rabaul New Britain shook un er a 173ton aerial pounding the 6th raid there this month and rewak New Guinea already ounded heavily during the past days was blasted again with a 40ton assault the llth raid lore in March Flyers supporting bitter grounc Antingat Empress Augusta Bay ougainville blanketed Japanese ositions with a 145ton bombing nd headquarters reported all des erate enemy attacks lo break irough the northern end of the Jougainville lines have been re ulsed In addition to the historymalt ig Truk raid central Pacific fly rs carried out strikes on Orolu nd Ponape in the eastern Caro ines and on 2 undesignated atoll n the eastern Marshalls American Bombers Deliver Heavy Blow in Vienna Area ALLIES ADVANCE THROUGH RUINS OK the Italian town wiped out by tons of allied bombs is seen here as a white phosphorous shell bursts in the town Allied troops have moved into the ruins of the ancient castle on the heights in the back ground and are advancing through the ruins of the town which was once a great German fortress 5th Army Fights Through assino to Southwest Edge SOUTHERN FRONT RUSSIA o MOVING ad vance on the southeastern front is shown on map above Red armies have trapped German forces in the BerezueKovati Snigirevka area and arc near Nikolaev bijt Black sea port Purse Snatchers Take But Leave Rochester X Y w young purse snalchers grabbe Mrs Rachael Whiteheads hand bag Thursday night containin in cash S1G4 in checks an a Sla diamond ring A later found the bag atop a parke automobile In it were S3000 i bills the checks and the rin PAYS IN RATION TOKENS Des Moines ta commisson officials reported th one lowan who owed 39 cents stale income tax sent in 35 cen in cash and 4 red meat ration to ens lopes Friends Will eave Him in Wreck After Next Accident Minneapolis Melze 5 of New Ulm Minn said Fri lay he would appreciate it if h ricnds would leave him in th vrcckage the next time he has rafficj accident Melzors true crashed headon into an automo bile Thursday An unidcnlific passerby pulled him out into the and administered first aid but left him lying on the high way while he went in quest of a doctor Another motorist not see ing Melzer on the pavement ran over his left arm Realizing he hit something he backed up to in ran over Melzers again Mclzers injuries totaled multiple fractures of the arm and legs BULLETIN By LYNN IIEINZEKL1NG With the 5th Army at Cassino March p Hied troops clawed their way up Monastery hil Friday and late Fri ay were less than 100 yards from the top while at the base of the ill Cassinos southwest corner still Germanholii smokrd and Juddered from the assault of Zcalandcrs Allied tanks moved sain into Cassino railroad station south and cast of the town The tation has changed hands many times in the course of the bloody months battle but Friday the fury of the attack and the methodi al way il was moving forward seemed lo indicate that the next rains lo run into the station will be on allied schedule not Hitlers Allied Headquarters Naples fPi Fifth army forces have now ought their way through bombdemolished Cassino to its southwest outskirts and have captured several prominent heights ovcr ooking the ruined town allied MacArthur Promises Great Drive to Free Philippines Canberra Douglas MacArlhur in a statement comj memorating the 2nd anniversary of his arrival in Australia said Friday that One of the great offensives of the war will be launched at the appropriate time for liberation of the Philippines When I landed on your soil I said to the people of Philippines I came I shall re turn MacArthur said in re sponding to Prime Minister John Curtiii at an official dinner in honor of the supreme commander of the southwest Pacific Tonight I repeal those words I shall return Shortly after MacArlhur ar rived in his flying fortress Ba laan he was presented one of Britains highest awards the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath Wearing his usual khaki field jacket and battered gold braided cap MacArthur accepted the award from Lord Cowrie gover norgeneral of Australia and said Your excellency I thank you sincerely for this high award 1 regard it as a symbol of the mag nificent valor of the soldiers of whom il was my signal fortune to command in the vital Papuan campaign I shall wear it in their honor A crowd of about 200 was on hand when MacArlhur arrived at a sundrenched field As he stepped from the plane he was greeted by Prime Minister John icadquarters announced Fridav New Zealand troops wh ilunged into the rubble immedi New Zealand troops who MinClS Lut Ull From Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Friday night Occasional light rain or snow Saturday Not much change in temperature Lowest Friday night at Mason City 25 j Iowa Cloudy Friday night with occasional light snow in west portion Friday night Rain south and rain or snow in north por tion Saturday No decided change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy north and cloudy south portion Friday night and Sat urday Light snow extreme northeast portion Friday and Friday night JN MASON CITY GlobeGzette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 31 Minimum Thursday night 25 At 8 a m Friday 25 Snow Trace Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum 5 ately after Wednesdays 2500 ton aerial bombardment encountered itrong resistance from Germans igbting back from the ruins but irially drove them from all ex cept one corner of the town From that point strategic route i via Casilina leads into the Liri valley and on to Rome The Germans still were oqcupy iff the ruins of ancient Monte assino abbey overlooking the own and from there were direct ng artillery and murtar fire on allied positions in the valley The Germans were reported fighting hard to retain their hill positions west nnd northwest of he town where the communique said allied forces also mak ing progress Simultaneously with announce ment ot the second consecutive night raid on Sofia capital of Bulgaria it was announced offi cially that the RAF has sent for mations of fourmotored Hall faxes into the Mediterranean the ater to operate with the strategic air force here Mediums and formations of the Halifaxcs blasted Sofia railway targets Thursday night with thousands of incendiary and high explosive bombs On the beachhead below Koine American troops beat back Ger man counterattacks aimed at regaining two strong points takci two days aso near Carano cast of Carroceto Casualties were in flicted on the Germans and some prisoners were taken Inside Cassino allied engineers played a major role filling huge bomb craters and clearing a path through the rubble for tanks and foot soldiers At one point it was necessary to build a 70 foot bridge lo permit tanks and other vehicles to cross a waterfilled obstacle Eighteen Germans were taken prisoner soon after the New Zea landers entered the town it was officially announced and two German tanks knocked out west of the town New Zealand and Indian troops met obstinate German opposition in the hills west of Cassino but made short advances occupying several heights not immediately identified Outside by Avalanche Continue With Work Ouray Colol hard rock miners cut off from the out side world since Monday by a snow and rock avalanche con Linued to work Friday in the 11 900foot Treasury tunnel deep in the heart of Red mountain The men were only slightly in convenienced by the slide which is a half mile wide and 40 feet high in some places near Ironton Park about 6 miles below the lun nel mouth In a telephone their final communication with the outside world before the wires were downed by a 2nd men told John Edgar project en gineer they had plenty of food at the tunnel and would continueto work the regular 2shifl sched ule The men are staying in a bunkhouse at the tunnel site SWEDEN URGES FINNISH PEACE Reported to Have Delayed Reply to Reds Stockholm UP Sweden was reported Friday to have delayed transmission to Moscow of Fin lands blutit rejection of armistice proposals pending the outcome of an llth hour attempt to persuade the Finns to reconsider their stand The newspaper Svenska Dag Uladct said the Finnish govern ment had expressed willingness to review its position in the light of late developments but this was not confirmed immediately t Russia gave Finland until Satur Mm to Washington first GEN DOUGLAS MacARTHUR Curtin and Nelson I Johnston U S minister to Australia How nice to see you and how good il was of you to come down and meet the general said shaking Curtins hand Then turning to Nelson he said Hello Nelson glad to see you again Other officials at meeting were Judiciary Committee Will Receive Graven Nomination Monday Washington UR Nomination of Henry N Graven lo be federal judge lor the northern district of Iowa will be presented to the senate judiciary committee for approval Monday Chairman Pat McCarran D Ncv announced Thursday day to make a final decision A certain change ot opinion km Finnish parliament circles in the direction of a more positive atti tude toward the Russian armistice terms was noticeable especially among members of the Swedish peoples and social democratic parties Dagbladet said The Swedish foreign office an nounced Thursday iiight that King Gustav and his government had intervened in the situation and informed competent Finnish reported to be President Risto Ryti and Marshal Baron Carl their opinion on the peace Question The Swedish demarche was be lieved to have appealed to Fin laud to maintain her contact with Russia at all cost and to recon sider her rejection of the soviet armistice terms in view of modi fication of the original demands Though the Russian note for warded Helsinki last week was understood to have insisted or acceptance of the original 6 terms reliable sources said SwedisV intermediaries were authorized to inform the Finns verbally tha the Soviets were willing to make major concessions This might account for the fac that the Finns obstinately hav refused to acknowledge receipt o any modified demands from Rus sia while at the same time no formally denying that they kncv modilications had been made secretary Mr and Mrs Randolph tidticr Adnover Mass third sec etary Graham T Smallwood Vashington U S army liaison md Sir Frederick Slieddon secre ary to the minister for Australian defense Theparly then rode to the gov irnment house where Lord Cow got up from a sick bed to vhich he had been confined for everal weeks to present the award to MacArthur Lord Cowrie told MacArthur hat the award was being present ed in behalf of King George to mark his appreciation of the splendid services you have ren dered and nre still rendering to Australia and to the British em DIES IN OHIO Tiffin Ohio L Howcll 61 former superintendent of schools of Wright county Iowa Buy Savings Bonds and mc nntive of White Oaks Iowa Stamps from ynur GlobeGazelle died Thursday He was county carrier boy i farm agent here for 10 years Bells of Uneasy Peace Ring in Eire on St Patricks Day Dublin bells of an uneasy peace rang out in troubled Eire this St Patricks day The warning of Prime Minister Churchill that the country would be SOLDIER WIFE ARE FINED Arrested on Charge of Transporting Liquor Fred R Dische and his wife Marcella Dischei were each fined SI50 and cost by Judge Dean Peisen Wednes day on a charge dt illegal trans portalion of liquor to which the pleaded guilty They were arrested on highwn 65 near Sheffield by Patrolma Karl Shoemnn who stopped the car to check the license slicker and noticed a heavy load in the back Upon investigation he found 10 cartons of Minnesota liquor which the couple stated they were tak ing back to camp at Salina Kans where Private Discher is sta tioncd His home was formerly in Minnesota The fines were remitted and the 2 continued their trip lo Salina by train after authorities confiscated the liquor and look over the car a 1941 Chevrolet Roosevelts Have 39th Wedding Anniversary No Observance Held Washington was the 39th wedding anniversary of Mr and Mrs Franklin D Roose velt but the event was not ob served with special ceremonies at the white house Mrs Roosevelt it seems was gone again It may have been something of a problem for the president to learn the exact whereabouts of the first lady now hopping by air over the islands of the Caribbean but it was believed that he was able to send her an anniversary message with the assistance of the war de partment Mrs Roosevelt was from the outer world hung heavy over the nation i The British have said that the quarantine of Eire is necessary to safeguard against possible leakage of information about allied pre invasion movements and Ireland on the holiday looked forward to grim days rivaling if not sur passing the leanness of wartime England There was no great marching of the Irish people as in happier years Dublin was thronged but all the pubs were closed and the olden picture of irishmen parading to the skirl of pipes and the inner lift of a wee drap o the crature was missing OConnell street where blood ran in the days of the terror was jammed with slowmoving crowds in their Sunday finest all adorned with bright sprigs o shamrock There were loudspeakers at 10 when I street corners blaring out lively ARMY NEEDS GET EMPHASIS Many Must Be Switched From Plants to Service ttr I T 1 Washington for vicuna esumiiig the production of some ivilian articles were dealt n body low Friday by the armys in istcnce on shifting more young len from the factories to the ighting fronts The makers of munitions face he fact that the military has made its choice between their nanpouer and their materials The army will take the ablebod ed men and let production strugr lc along The new manpower crisis arose rom the armys pressure for men and its decision to lake an esti mated 250000 physicallyfit youths under 2G who arc now draft deferred The decision disclosed by Donald M Nelson Thursday after group of steel executives warned him that the new draft iiolicy would mean serious loss of production The army and n a v y need men1 replied he war production board chairman They must get the men even if it means losing production But he said he was confident thai the truly essential munitions needs could be met Draft Director Hcrshcy who als6 addressed the steel exccu lives said fie could offer them little but sympathy Admitting that the draft system had failed to meet its calls for many months he declared that the steel men should not be dismayed at the prospect of failing to meet pro duction schedules The steel industry has suffercc a net loss of 42000 workers in the last two months according lo in dustry figures Another result of the armys clioicc between men and mrUcri Is has been the stirring of a ranlic hut confused effort by YANKS DOWNED 125 PLANES IN THURSDAY RAID RAF Uses New 12000 Lb Bomb in Attack on Factory Near Vichy London strong force of U S fortresses and liberators bombed the Vienna area Friday flying across the Alps from bases in Italy and administering to Ger manheld territory ils 3rd heavy bombardment in 21 hours The operation against the old Austrian capital with an aircraft factory the reported target came after the American air force had shot down 125 planes in Thurs days attacks auaiust Ulm and Fricdrichsluifcn in southern Ger many The Viennabound bombers met no fighter opposition and lit tle antiaircraft fire At the same time B2G marauders attacked the rail center at Crcil north o Paris The united nations radio at Al giers said an aircraft factory at Vienna1 was hit Vienna was bombed for the first lime by Russian planes in September 1042 British and American planes hit the area for the first time last August when Africanbased liberators of the United States air force struck the Messersclimitl aircraft plant at Wiener Ncustadt 25 miles west of sights in many American cities he demonstration here limited to a small group of Red Cross nurses and a column of some 200 unarmed home guards led by half a dorcn drummers and 7 pipers The national army which in normal limes puts on a 3hour march was held to barracks The Irish of Eire are perhaps 90 per cent proallied with many thousands of their sons fighting the nazis A husky Irish policeman guarded the German legation Sure and nothing ever hap pened at all at he said There was no guard outside the British or American legations The only visible a tin helmet on the head of a lone air raid warden who had not sounded his warning siren in nearly 2 she became engaged to her 6th Irish jigs However instead of the cousin in 1903 They were mar ried on March 17 1905 mileslong St Patricks day par ades which are familiar March 17 To nn American accustomed to seeing the brilliant observance of the wearin nf the green at home the strangest ficht was the ab sence of a single srecn necktie on all the streets of Dublin town PAV MY NEWS PAPERBOY TOMORROW Kncrs and experts for continued lomcfront service in the most ritical war plants Nelson it was learned believes hat 10000 is the minimum of 25 year olds and younger who nusl be spared because of their special training in the socalled timetable production programs programs which arc geared closely to the plan of military of ensivcs These include syn hetic rubber ntdar aviation Your newspaper boy pays his bill every week Do your part by paying him every week A few subsequent raids were tarried oul in the same area The Germans are reported to have shifted much of Berlins govern ment business to the former Aus trian capital Lust month however they were reported preparing exten sive evacuation measures in aiir ticipation of further raids The city which had a population of nearly 2000000 in 193D is 470 miles from Foggia air bases in Italy and over 800 miles from London The RAF used its new 12000 pound bomb in Thursday nights attack against the Michclin lire factory at ClermontFerrand 30 nilcs southwest of Vichy German xansport in France and the rail yards at Amiens a major cog in Millers antiinvasion machinery also were hit by small but heav ly loaded bombardment fleets Not a plane was lost in this 2nd successive night operation of the KAFs heavy bombers which hit i peak stride Wednesday nighl vhen more than 1000 of the 4 engincd British planes pounded Stuttgart and other targets with over 33GO tons of bombs Mosquilos Thursday night also hit objectives in western Germany and fleets of minelayers carried out widespread operations while RAF heavy bombers disclosed to he operating in the Mediterran ean for the first time in recent months delivered the 2nd consec utive night attack on Sofia capital of Bulgaria The air ministry said Laucast crs thundering lo ClermontFer rand in a clear nklil sky deposit ed a wellconcentrated pattern nf bombs Amien n key rail junction bc ivilian officials to find a way of tween Paris and the channel had aviiif perhaps 49000 supcrcs been hit 3 times in 48 hours and cnlial upc technicians dc times tills month It was one of the targets in the RAFs 1000 bombcr operation Wednesday night Marauders also struck in day light Wednesday at the railyards at Aulnoyc only I miles south of Amiens and an important point in the line between Lille and the channel ports of Dunkerque and Amiens is 81 miles north of Paris and about 30 miles from PasDeCalais It has a peacetime iasoline special alloyed metals j population of more than 80000 and sonic others Tiie office of rubber director iias disclosed that of 255 men do ing research for the synthetic rubber program in five labora tories 41 per cent are under 20 One of the most productive syn Ihelic rubber plants has only nine smash into southern Germany men in the key category five were forced to land on Swiss of them nrc under 26 soil 3 of them crnahing Most of ClermontFerrand is one of the most important centers of the rubber industry on the continent of Europe and was last hil hy mosiiuilns on March 12 Bern dispatches wiid of the American bombers in Thursdays The petroleum administration or war estimated that 20 per cent of the key men in 100 octane gas oline plants are under 20 Despite this pressure Nelson a r Manpower Commissioner McNutt and the army so far have failed to set up a method of thc crew members parachuted to safciy and were interned but one liberator fell into Lake Zoug and one of its crew perished Two British bombers nnd one German night lighter also were forced to land in Switzerland A total of 10 foreign planes ting the desired 10000 safely j have landed on Swiss territory passed their draft boards since March IG Nelson told the steel group thai local committees might be set up i seal committees might be set up i ri 1 A I T iith members from the army i DUlglar Alarm f rOITl lavy WMC WPB and maritime I C 1 Liquor otore otolen navy commission which would work with industry in each city and recommend deferments of abso lutely essential1 men Ios Angeles U Ri Police Friday sought a burglar who knew the i story of the mouse who stole the Buy War Savinss Bonds ami cheese out of a trap The burglar Stamps from your GlobeGazette look a bin clar alarm from a liquor carrier boy nothing else ;