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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 17, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS U 0 I ft E X THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASONCITY IOWA WEDNESDAY THIS PAPEn CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS j itv x ur AWU otLrriOKS T M ONE OIS NO 136 BRITISH SMASH AT MARETH DEFENSE Deferment of Farm Workers Voted by Senate BANKHEAD BILL ISAPPROVEDBY 5QT024BALLOT Would Empower Boards to Decide Workers Importance in Output WASHINGTON sen ate Wednesday approved and sent to the house the controversia B a n k h e a d bill to defer farm workers from the draft The final vote was 50 to 24 if if The legislation was opposed by he army selective service and the war manpower commis sion but the farm bloc argued that it was essential to grant deferments to men on the farms to insure adcuate food supplies In its final form the bill spon sored by Senator John H Bank head D Ala empowers selective service boards to use their own judgment in determining whether a farm workers contribution to the food supply warrants with holding him from military or na val service If finally enacted the bill wilt repeal two applications of the se lective service act 1 A section banning the defer ment of farm workers unless they are replaceabel by substitute workers 2 The department of agricul tures edict that to be entitled to deferment farmers must produce a minimum of eight units oi production varyingfrom locality tOJocality Senalbr Carl A Hatch D X Mex who was amonjr the sena tors sponsoring the original Baukhead measure lold the sen ate that he was now definitely convinced that passage would be an error The chief reason for his change in mind he said was that the bill puts farmers of America in a false light It sets them apart as a special class which they do not want It would seriously cripple the war effort and I vote No Before passing the bill the sen ate voted 51 to 24 to make a tech nical substitution of a bill by Sen Edwin C Johnson D Colo for the original Bankhead measure The substitute bill however dif fered only in minor particulars from the original and was written by Bankhead and presented to the senate by Johnson on behalf of the senate military affairs com ciltee which approved the initial farm deferment legislation Senate passage of the bill in the house came 10 days after it reach ed the floor RAID KISKA 6 TIMES IN DAY U S Flyers Make Heavy Attacks on Japs WASHINGTON h e heaviest series of air attacks ever made on Japaneseheld Kiska is land in a single day was carried out Monday the navy announced Wednesday when American planes raided the Aleutians base six times between dawn and dusk In the south Pacific meanwhile light naval surface lorccs bom barded Japanese positions at Vila in the JIunda airbase area of the central Solomon islands This was the third time that American warships have pene trated into Ihe enemy sector of the Solomons to bombard shore posi tions at or near Munda Russians Claim Victory in Tank Battle Below Kharkov Declare 32 More Towns and Villages Captured in Central Front Speeder Unconcerned When Rationing Board Takes Gasoline Book KANSAS CITY iP The ra tioning board look the gasoline book of a convicted speeder and member A P Cordicr inquired Now what will you do r Ve got no car said tne man I dont need a gasoline book any how No car Whats going on sirsvo got mybook the finance company got my car and Ivc got back on my feet Good day gentlemen Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette boy By ROGER GKEENE Associated Press War Editor s headquarters claimed victory over the Germans Wed nesday in a giant tank battle for ontrol of the Donets river valley Jelovv Kharkov while on the cen ral front the red armies swept nto more than 32 towns and vil ages in their drive toward the iazi keystone fortress at Smol nsk Dispatches from tlic Donets sector reported that tankled soviet troops rallyins after their retreat from Kharkov de stroyed a force of German tanks ana trucks and then stormed an enemyoccupied village where 200 nazis were killed The Germans were hurled back vith great losses the red army ommancl announced In the north soviet columns oiling triumphantly westward eyond the upper Dnieper river vere reported to have battered nother wedge into German de enses on the distant approaches o Smolensk capturing the rail tation of Igorievskaya and the istrict center of Vskhody Isorievsfcaya lies 25 miles north f Durovo which is midway aloii he 100 mile road between Vyazma nd Smolensk Ked army vanguards were re ported attacking within 50 miles of Smolensk as other soviet forces converged on the great German bastion from the north and south The enemy is tryingto hold on to his defenses and is putting up a fierce resistance and forming new defense line the Rus sian command said But official dispatches said the Russians crushed two violent Ger man counterattacks in one sector killing 300 nazis and seized a number of villages Farther north Marshal Semcon i i m o s h c n k os army sharnlv heightened its threat to the Ger man base at Staraya Russa south of Lake flmcn as soviet shock roops broke through lo a high road conneciing two large towns destroying 86 enemy and dugouts and wiping out a bat talion of nazis i situation below Kharkov remained critical with heavy battles raginr around at an elbowof the Donets river the swiftmoving Russian offensive in the north raised a serious threat ID the ered in StPatricks day Wednes day with customary zeal The day began with the cere mony of blessing the shamrock The green was distributed Wed nesday morning to alt soldiers but the army was missing from the traditional St Patricks day parade President Eamon de Valera led a procession to the Dublin ca thedral to attend a celebration of high mass t 7 center of the whole 1200 mile German front from Leningrad to the Sea of Azov Moreover soviet headquarters said Ihe red armies were knifing deep into the center ot a 400 mile line between Moscow and Kharkovwith fighting in progress westWSevsk 80 miles south of Bryansk This wedge developed would jeopardize the German base at Orel 200 miles below Moscow THREAfMADE ON RODNEY Police Guard Actor at Undisclosed Place HOLLYWOOD aid nicy were guarding Mickey Koa ney at an undisclosed place early Wednesday after his father told detectives he had received by telephone a threat against the 21 year old actors life But Mickeys mother Mrs Aell Pankey and a studio spokesman said they were inclined to believe the calls came from a crank or a prankster and were of no conse quence Joe Yule Rooncys father re ported a youthful voice perhaps that of a boy called Yules North Hollywood home Tuesday and asked for Rooney said Dect Ellmson Yule Said he impersonated Mickey when a second call came shortly afterward and that the voice said Well murder vou at 12 tonight Nothing happened at midnight police declared but Ellinson and Dcct Lt E J Long were assigned lo guard Rooney Mrs Pankey with whom Mick ey resides in Van Nuys stated she received two telephone calis dur ing the evening but each time the caller hung up when she an swered Mickey was not available for comment The officers conceded they were guarding him but xvould not reveal his whereabouts Army officers disclosed Monday night that Rooney had been re BAN PHOTOS OF RETAIN North Africa Action Ordered by Giraud ALGIERS Um All photo graphs and statements of French Chief of State M a r s ha t Henri PhilippePetain were vjempvcd Public display throughout North Africa on orders of the Gi raud government Wednesday as another step toward a full union with the fiqhting French Further evidence of a rap prochement with the forces of Gen Charles de Gaulle was seen m reports that Gen Georges Catrou fishtinj French delegate general to Syria will be appointed deputy civil com mander of North Africa A government decree announc ed Tuesday night ordered the re moval of all posters signs bill Boards and pictures carrying pho tographs slogans stalcments or decrees ot Petain as well as the withdrawal of all poslagc stamps or similar documents bearing cither his photograph or signature The order took effect Wednesday The widespread display of Pe lains picture long had irked pro allied elements in North Africa Many bookstores in Algiers Casa blanca and elsewhere still were displaying such photographs and accompanying slogans The Algiers harbor ivorks and other public buildings were in structed to pull down display SIRIIS carryins such fascist Pc lain sloffans as work country family f The anliPctain decree followed close on the heels of the resigna tions of two of the principal Vi chyitcs in the Giraud government Civil Commander Gen Jean Marie Bcrgeret formerly air minister in the Petain cabinet and political affairs Secretary Jean Rigaud who is known as n fascist who nursed the hope Ihal the axis would win the war Sentenced for Failure to Report For Induction jected for military senice after MINNEAPOLIS Minn undergoing a physical cxaminaArthur L Eorchard 30 a member non last week rr i tion last week NO MACHINE SHORTAGE MANCHESTER com mittccmen who have contacted approximately one third of the armors of Delaware county re port there appears to be no short age of used farm machinery in the county They said a tabulation has cvcalcd 178 farm machines for sale all usable and some nearly new of a religious sect Wednesday faced a prison term of 3 years for draft evasion Borchard was sentenced Tuesdav in federal court by George F Sullivan after he was found guilty by a federal court jury of failing lo report for induction Judge Sullivan also lined him S500 Buy Mar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your OlobcGazcllc carrier boy Report Nazi Ships Gather in Norway LONDON UR Stockholm dispatch said Wednesday that the entire German high spas fleet in cluding three capital ships and two aircraft cruisers is asscmbliii ill northern Norway The dispatch creditingthe re port to the naval correspondent of the Stockholm newspaper Nyu Dagligt Alleiunda revived speculation that Germany was about to complement her inten sified submarine offensive in the Atlantic with larKcscale surface raids on the allies vital sea lanes W Superbattleship the 35000 tonsplus Tirpitz is being joined in Norwegian waters by the 2b000ton sisterbattleships Scharnhorst and Gneiscnau last Thinks Tunis Conquest Is DGAULII WILLNot Far Off MEET GIRAUD IN AFRICA PARLEY reported under repair in German shipyards after being battered by British planes in a spectacular dash through the Dover strait a year ago Allchanda said In addition it said two Ger man aircraft carriers have left for northern Norway Though the dis patch did not identify the car riers they were presumed to be the new sister ships the 19250 ton GrafZeppelin and Deutsch land Previous reports from the con tinent have said Germany already has the 10000ton pocket battle ships Lutzovv and Admiral Schecr two cruisers of the 10000ton Hipper class and several light cruisers and destroyers anchored in Norwegian fjords H the German fleet does go Into action it Is expected to concentrate on the allied sup ply route to Russia skirting the northern Norwegian coast though other units probably will strike out into the Atlantic in an attempt to smash convoys ferrying men and supplies to England and North Africa for the coming invasion of Europe Swedish reports of the massing of German surface units in Nor Union of Ail French Fighting Axis Expected to Follow Conference LONDON French na tional committee announced Wed nesday that Gen Charles dc Gaulle was expected U leave shortly for Algiers to confer with Gen Henri Giraud on ccmcntin a union of all Frenchmen who arc fighting the axis Giraud French high commis sioner of North Africa called for such a conference in his speech Sunday repudiating the Vichy Cerman armistice and repealing Vichys oppressive l nj iiiunciaLO waters also coincided with for union n tKt TT i L uuiun The committee of the fiihtin French met Tuesday and the an nouncement was their answer to Girauds appeal De Gaulles headquarters re ceived with satis faction news of the resignation of Gen Jean Marie Bcrgcret former Vichy air minister and Oiruud s deputy for civil affairs He was one of lour supporters of the late Admiral Jean Darlan to whose presence in North Afri can positions the righting French objected They accused Bergcret of imprisoning md brutalizing hundreds of Frenchmen for re fusal to accept the validity of the armistice and for continuing the war against the Germans The other three are Gen Auguste Noguos expected scon to resign as governor of French Morocco I icrre Boisson governor of West Africa and Marcel B Peyroulon governor of Algeria Girauds pronouncements were welcomed by both the British and U S governments in statement by Prime Minister Churchill and Secretary of State Hull and brought me north African admin istration very dojely into line with policies Gen De Gaulle has enunciated as essential conditions LONDON Beaverj brook declared in the of lords Wednesday that I think the conquest of Tunis and Bizerlc is not far off There was no confirmation in London however or recurring re ports that nn allout attack was about to begin in Tunisia lo drive Ihc 230000 Germans and Italians into the sea Some reports pub lished here have suggested thai he allies were ready lo strike in the south and perhaps farther north Similar reports have been heard for weeks bul tailed lo material ize The Algiers radio which is un der allied control but is not of ficial said prcparalions for an imminent allied offensive were being intensified and the hour is approaching when axis forces will be driven out of North Africa A Reuters correspondent with the eighth army said these desert veterans were getting ready for an offensive Lord Bcavcrbrook and Lord Wedgwood made new demands in Ihe house Ol lords Wednesday for a second trcnl culling upor NAZI OFFICIALS BELIEVE MAJOR ATTACKOPENED DNB Says Coastal End Assaulted Following Big Artillery Barrage By KOUEK GREENE Associated Press Editor A Berlin broadcast reported Wednesday Ihat Gen air Bernard U Montgomerys British eighth army had launched an assault against tlic lid mile long Marcth line in soulhom Tunisia the German news agency said the British struck against the old Frenchbuilt Marcth Little Maginol defense works Tuesday night The scale of righting cannot uc judged by reports so far availuhlc but Berlin quarters believe this is a major attack DNB said ons lo dedicate German boasts that axis Uboals have sunk 79 ships totaling 001 tons in the first half of March A German broadcast Wednes day said the total for the first half of the month included five ships totaling 30000 tons sunk in the Atlantic since the last Ger man special submarine communi que was issued invasion ot the continent H is not to help Russia it is lo beat Germany Lord Beaver brook reclarcd Lord Wedgwood declared If I had my choice I would see Ihe British army fighting be side the Russian army For heav ens sake if the military have come lo the conclusion thatthey cannot lake Bizcrlc by June 1 1r what ever it is Ihun let us drasv slumps call it off and slarl somewhere else There arc plenty of other places Brit i T A8iors broadcast reported m m London said preparations for 1C an imminent allied offensive to jacks Up Streetcar to Free Dog With Tail Caught in Axle NEW ALBANY lad Smith city streetcar molornum became a dogs friend when a small terrier got his tail tangled m the front axle or Smiths car Smith decided that if the car oved in either direction the would suffer so apologizing tu j Air of Suspense Reported in Stock Exchange in London i By THE ASSOCIATED 1KESS 1 A clash of mystery Wednesday came from London in an atmos phere or suspense on the stock exchange amid reports that a major war development was im minent No inkliiisr uas given of what to expect but there were signs that the hour might be near for a climactic allied offensive to drive the axis out ot Tunisia and sivc Ffetd Marshal Envin Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery expressed very bloody nose drive approximately i5UUUO Ger man and Ilalian troops out ot Tu nisia were being intensified The hour is when axis forces will be driven out o JJt car j L moved in cither direction the nort the broadcast said otier reports said Ihc eighth was steadily rolling up he Buy war svlnw his passengers for the delay summoned a wrecking crew The crew jacked up the front I end of the streetcar and the tcr scampered away a r my armor guns and ot all kinds towardthe Marcih line while a bulletin from Gen Dwighl D Eisenhowers head quarters said allied warplancs DESTROYED BY FIRE POCAHONTAS i r e of unknown origin Tuesday de stroyed the Ridotto ballroom seven miles north of Pocahontas with a loss estimated at Lloyd M Oleson proprietor said the structure was partly covered by insurance Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not quite so cold Wednesday afternoon not much change in temperature Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon Lowest temperature in Mason City 8 IOWA Not quite so cold Wed nesday night and Thursday fore noon Fresh to strong winds di minishing Wednesday night MINNESOTA Snow flurries and drafting snow north portion Wednesday night aixl Thursday forenoon continued cold strong winds diminishing Thursday IN MASON CITY JlohcGazcttc weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night 5 At 8 a m Wednesday i Snow iace YPAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum Precipitation 75 Snow 2 inches the feature the St Patricks day procession was lacking as Eires small but wellequipped army remained on the alert in a neutral nation surrounded by war All saloons and bars are closed and Irish hopes that they might be reopened for the day were dashed when a new liquor bill was held up in the senate North Ireland where no such With Customary Zeal in Ireland y restrictions went all out with United States soldiers sail ors and marines sporting the shamrock and joining the tradi tional festivities Privates Goldberg Knudsen and Borowsky shook up their ancestors to produce a Murphy an OHara or a Magillicudy from v of pure Syrian extraction summed up the situation neatly when he remarked Weil all become Paddy Mur phys on this day We will an bc jabbers Catholic members of the Amer ican armed forces attended mass in honor of the Irish patron saint Fortress bombers ning fighters little hillside i ;