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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa s NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY DCS c o y P UT OF ANO ASCHIVC NtWSPAMR THAT MAKK ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITYTlQWA BUS PAPHt COggW SECTJONS MARTHUR FLIES TO AUSTRALIA TO BE SUPREME ALLIED CHIEF IIWIII IN WINDSTORMS Tornadic Storms Whip Across 6 Southern Midwestern States By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tornadic storms ripped over a 600 mile long strip of six southern and midwestern slates Mondav leaving in their wake at least dead over 900 injured and mil lions of dollars in property dam age Terrific winds cut across the northwestern section of Missis sippi where at least 65 were known dead and approximately 620 others injured High winds also left a trail of death and de struction m western Kentucky and Tennessee struck southcentral and Indiana and killed at least 20 in eastcentral Storms were reported as Illinois V6S it as westcentral The toll of dead and estimated number of injured by states 20 Kentucky 16 Tennessee 20 Indiana 2 170 20 100 50 206 Mississippi hardest hit rushed all available aid to the disaster zone covering an area 150 miles mtde and about 100 miles deep The section mostly rural with only a few scattered cities was without communication for sev eral hours in many places Tor rential rains followed the high winds and washed out many roads Nineteen were known dead and J6 injured in Leflore county in northwestern Mississippi and aC least 18 were killed and 45 in jured in the vicinity of Water Valley a small town in the north central section of the state Other Mississippi cotton belt towns reporting were Grenada 6 dead more than 100 injured Baldwyn four dead 90 injured one missing dead many injured Oxcord and Tula Jive dead many others injured near Michigan dead near North Holly populated dead The area is largely by Negroes The storms struck separate ly in Mississippi shortly after 4 P m C IV and Iarffe groups of school children en route home narrowly escaped At OTuekolofa near Water Valley a schoolhouse anil teachers home were demolished minutes after school a few closed Supt Edwin Vernon Ferrell 36 and a 5 month old twin daughter were killed while his wife and other twin escaped At Fort PenYberton near Green wood a school bus that had unloaded its passengers was blown several hundred yards and overturned The driver was in jured severely Speed to 40MPH DBS M O IN E S George A Wilson Tuesday pro claimed a 40 an hour speed limit on Iowa highways The action followed a request by President Roosevelt for the establishment of such a speed limit throughout the United States to save rubber In a formal proclamation which outlined the presidents request and the need for a speed reduc tion the governor said Therefore I do hereby call upon all drivers of motor vehicles within the state ot to observe a careful and a the war Iowa had had no specific speed limit the Jaw providing only that automobiles must be operated at all times at a careful and pru dent speed in consideration of the conditions of the machine and surroundings The governor pointed out Iowa already has pioneered in the drive for speed reduction He recalled that he asked lowans last De cember as a conservation measure to drive no faster than 50 miles an lowans had been following this rule He expressed confidence that residents of the state would ob serve the new speed limit with the same cooperative spirit The highway patrol always has fol lowed a policy of stopping mo torists who were driving too fast warning them to reduce their speed The governor said this practice will be continued Tuesdays proclamation applied to trucks and buses as well as pas senger cars CIO AFL Chiefs Say Labor Yields Right to Strike WASHINGTON ffjThe lead ers of organized labor indicated Tuesday that labor had yielded its right to strike during the war as a more satisfactory answer to the problems of production and na tional unity than restrictive legis laVyenactments by congress William Green president of the American Federatfon of Labor and Philip Murray chairman of the CIO who called at the white house with members of the labor war board disclosed after an hours conference with the presi dent that it was agreed wage rates and standards would he fixed without resort to strikes or in terruption to production through these three methods Collective bargaining concilia tion or mediation or operations of the national war labor board The two top men in organized abor discussing by turns the par ley with the chief executive gave a picture of satisfactory produc tion of ivar materials with labor devoting every force and effort to turning out war supplies Murray said it was agreed that voluntary action on the part of labor to yield its right to strike was a more satisfactory answer to the problem of production and national unity than restrictive en actments by the federal congress Green remarked that it was sfedh that the hour week all be recognized as standard that time and a half should be paid for overtime and double time for Sunday uhr35 he added whether double time would be paid only for work on the Sab bath or whether it would be paid for a seventh day of work re jfardlcss of what day of the week that might be Alien Uniforms and Military Maps Are Seized in FBI Raids WASHINGTON JP Attorney fTenera Biddle announced Tues i day Japanese had maii V1LU i first ripped through three eastern graphs counties and the second blasted a trail about 100 miles to the north and west The first storm hit the center of Alvin a town of 333 leaving at least eight dead and the second passed through Lacon 1600 population where six were known dead and about 100 in jured in that district Property damage was heavy in those areas and near St Joseph where three were reported dead The towns of Hope and Savoy III each reported one storm death and another was known dead near Mayview Damage in six Illinois counties was estimat ed at more than 5500000 Tennessees 20 known dead and than 100 injured were reported from western com munities In the rich cotton land bordering the Mississippi river Seven unidentified persons ivere reported killed at Russells store near Bolivar Four were killed at Reagan and five near Selmcr Envillc Finger Paris and Coopcrtoun each had one death Pleasant View and Scries reported heavy damage and at least eight hurt of military the areas in ir nrmrT ot more i nationals of axis na lons Biddle said that about enemy aliens had been ar u of artices presidential procla Allies Hopes Rise With MacArthur in New Position British Officers Think American Can Organize Base to Attack Japs By HARRISON SALISBURY United Press Staff Correspondent A surge of optimism thrilled the embattled united nations Tuesday with announcement that Gen Douglas MacArthur had assumed surpreme command inAustralia Thats wonderful said Wen dell t WHIkie In New York and his sentiment was echoed by the little men in the street ana statesmen in high places wher ever the flags of the united na tions fly Out of the foxholes of Bataat had come the first real hero of the war in the Pacific to take the helm at an hour when the fortunes o the united nations seemed near ebb tide In London Britishers were go ing back to the glorious days o Drake and Hawkins to find par allels to MacArthurs exploits ir the Philippines In Washington swelling c Avveiiiiit chorus of approval ran through congress In the far stretches of Australia there was no need to wait for re action The crj We want Mac Arthur had resounded over tlie far dominion since the hour of Singapores doom There will be a real fighting man in Australia was the com ment of one grimy little cockney whoread the newspaper bill that proclaimed the news in bold black letters on a London street corner Over toward Whitehall where hieh staff officers endlessly weigh the chances for hodinp off the Japanese and balance the possibilities of taking an of fensive asainst Tokio the reac tion was hat JJacArthiir not only should guarantee that Aiis tralia will be held but prepare it as the base for he coming offensive they hope will strike back north across the Pacific An American army officer in Britain spoke for theu S armed forces abroad when he said Theres going to be something happening down there now Its splendid cried Walter Nash New Zealands minister lo Washington Chuckling Britishers told over again the message which they like to believe MacArthur sent to the governor of California after the Japanese submarine shelled a California oil refinery That message according to he exaggerated yarn told in London Uruguayan Ship Sunk Nazi Ship Is Seized in Reprisal was Hold out 30 days and I wil send you reinforcements Its really a damned fine show the British military com mentator in London exclaimed for a commander like that to be placed at the head of the troops in Australia It shows that we are all really in the party I cant think of anyone better and Im sure the Australians feelthesame way An Australian in London ex pressed hope that this time wev got a fighting man who is bein given something to fight with The enthusiasm was not con fined to far places There was plenty of it in American cities and towns a newspapers and radios flashed tin news of MacArthurs new post Said a red haired sergean spending a days leave from For Dix sightseeing on New York 42ml street Boy Oh boy Well get some action now I wish i was there with him A lanky blond intantrymai said It looks like theyll have to send that Jap general in the Philippines back to Java 40 HlRlEEK REPEAL URGED George and Vandenberg Demand Limit on Both Profits Pay Increases WASHINGTON corge DGa ancl Vandenbc lMch warned the senate Tuesday that the United States might lose the war as they joined m a demand for repeal of the 40 hour week law and a limit on both profits and wage increases They spoke as the senate took un legislation increasing the federal debt limit from the present 000000000 to in order to help finance mounting war costs Congress will soon realize that we can no more win this war with a 40hour week in the arsenal of democracy than we could with a 40hour week in the foxholes of Ba taan Vandenberg boomed as he demanded that lawmakers quit frying to fool ourselves and the public George chairman of the senate inance committee added that un ess both industry and labor were willing lo take more hat this country would not win the ivj with the loss of 17 men the gov ernment Tuesday ordered seizure of the interned German ship Ta coma in reprisal The 8258 ton Tacoma was the supply ship for the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spec de stroyed off Montevideo by Adolf Hitler s orders after being de feated by British cruisers in De cember 1939 The Tacoma has been here ever since The Montevideo formerly the Italian Adamello was sunk off Jeremie Haiti and anly 32 of her crew of 49 have been accounted f for the government announce ment said Public excitement over 1 tuc iyv ui inS sinking caused authorities to throw guards around property of axis nationals Meanwhile maritime police went aboard the interned Tacoma ordered her crew ashore The government suspended all further sailings of Uruguayan merchantmen until arrangements could be made for their protection It was understood the government planned to arm these vessels Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Fresh to strong winds di minishing Tuesday afternoon Slightly colder Tuesday night MINNESOTA Fresh to strong winds Tuesday afternoon dim inishing Tuesday night little change in temperature occa sional light snow north portion Tuesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 35 Minimum Monday night 31 At 8 3 m Tuesday 31 Precipitation 75 inch Sntnv 2 inches YEAR AGO Maximum jo Minimum 3 U S DISCLOSES MANY YANKEES HAVE ARRIVED Stimson Reveals Ground and Air Corps Units Are in Australia W A S HI N G T O N lanks have landed down in lo fight side by side with the Aussies in the battle for Australia Tlie A E F to the Antipodes is composed of ground troops and aii corps units in considerable num bers War Secretary Slimson dis closed late Monday night in a laconic announcement The use of the expression in considerable numbers had a heartening sound for the caoi lal for it was recalled that the official announcement of the ar rival of American troops in northern Ireland carefully avoided any such mention of strength f Behind the few words of Slim sons plain statement lay the stir ring stories that were yetto be told of what obviously was a troop movement of major proportions The belief here was that the mighty convoys which transporter the thousands of troops and the ions of supplies and equipment probably traversed some 1200C miles in a sweeping arc through tlie trackless south Pacific before reaching the unnamed Australian port of debarkation Under normal circumstances a voyage from the Pacific coast to he Antipodes takes about 40 days and a convoys pace is necessarily slower It seemed likely therefore that the units now in Australia embarked from American ports some time in January Indeed some may have been at sea within less than a month after Pearl Har bor There have been reports of American units participating in previous operations in the south west Pacific theater but these were almost exclusively air force commands with supporting ground personnel Stimsons was the first official disclosure that the United States had succeeded in moving a considerable body of troops to re inforce Australia in her hour of peril 4 MORE SHIPS REPORTED SUNK American Collier Is Among Those Torpedoed by Axis Submarines By UNITED PRESS Four more ships including an American collier have been tor pedoed by axis submarines The collier was torpedoed and sunk off Atlantic City N J Sat urday morning with one member of the 34man crew known dead and 19 others missing ancl pre sumed dead Fourteen survivors vcre landed at New York The torpedoing of an allied merchantman was disclosed with he arrival of 15 survivors in an eastern Canadian port It was presumed that the merchantman vas sunk A German submarine sank the j82ton Uruguayan merchant man Montevideo in the Caribbean eighteen members of the crew ot 9 were missing and believed lost t was the first Uruguayan ship oss of the war At Havana the newspaper El aundo published a navy depart nent announcement that an American tanker of heavy ton nage has been sunk near Bahama sland DOUGLAS MacARTHUR MRS ARTHUR MacARTIIUR CANCEL BAND TOUR IOWA CITY Univer sity of Iowa concert band has can celed its annual spring tour be cause of transportation difficul ics Director C B Kightcr re ported Truck With Is Missing Found After Rolling Down Hill BATTLE CREEK Mich Harry Yaw notified policethat a truck and 51000 which he had left in a case on the drivers seat was missing As he was telling his story an accident call came in Three police cars were dispatched to the scene truck was involved The brakes had slipped and the vehicle rolled down n hill colliding with ar automobile The still was on the scat Bataan Hero Takes Key Post in Fight Against Japanese WASHINGTON arrival of General Douglas MacArthur in Australiato assume the su preme united nations command in that reeion was announced Tuesday by the war department The assignment was requested by the Aus tralian government the department said and 1 resident Roosevelt directed MacArthur on Feb ruary 22 to transfer his headquarters from the he has been so brilliantly defending to Australia as soon as the necessary arrangements could be made MacArthur requested a delay until he could per fect arrangements within his Philippine command and the delay was approved by the president T was accompanied on the plane trip to Australia bv Mrs MacArthur and their son by his chief ofP s aft Maj Gen Richard K Sutherland Maj Gen Harold H George of the air forces and several other staff officers His command in the southwest Pacific region will include thn Philippine islands the war department said include the Direct command of Jlie forces in the Philippines passes to Ma jor General Jonathan M wrighl tlie senior officer re maining in Bataan A cavalry man WaiiuvHsrht now 58 has been in the Philippines since Allied Forces in Australia Reorganized MELBOURNE Australia Allied fighting forces that escaped from northern theaters of war are being reorganized to nid in the defense of Australia the war min istry announced Tuesday follow ing official disclosure that Ameri can reinforcements have arrived on this continent The allied officers and men from northern theaters presum ably including Java where Americans were in action will be of greatest assistance in the de fense fighting because of their experience in fighting the Jap anese War Minister F M Forde said He said that Dutch troops reaching Australia from the East Indies were being reorganized un der their own commanders lo fight with the Australians and that others presumably British were being used in the Australian army or temporarily in the militia MacArthur Move Cheers Congress WASHINGTON hat Gen Douglas MacArthur had ar rived in Australia as supreme commander of united nations forces surprised and cheered members of congress Tuesday Senator Hayden D Ariz said he announcement ought to be very stimulating to the morale of all troops It puts a very brave and capable soldier it their head e would not have left Batnan mless its defense was in good lands1 Chairman Connally D fcx of the senate foreign relations nTiLCC sad that General MacArthur will give great leader hip to the united nations forces n Australia It is fortunate for he civilized world that he is here The democracies arc Willed and will respond glorious to his generalship The only woman senator Hattie Caraway D said that should relieve a lot of people back lome who have been writing me o get MacArthur out The best news of the war vas the description supplied by Chairman Vinson DGa of the Sf 5 aval committee who dded we have got to hold Aus raha and now we will hold it Sumner Welles acting secretary f stpte called MacArthurs sud den appearance in Australia great news for all Americans and the eoplcs of the united nations as veil October 1U40 when he was as sicned to command the Philip pine division Born in Walla Walla Wash Wamwrighl was graduated from West Point in IflOG and he holds the distinguished service medal for staff duties with the AEF in France during the first World war Among tiic men now under MacArthur in Australia are the considerable numbers making up the expeditionary Corcc of American ground troops and air corps units innouncecl Monday by Secretary of War Stimson BlacArlhur since first re ports on Dec 10 of Japanese attempts to invade the island of Luzon in the Philippines has commanded the amazinff de fense of those islands fighting the numerically superior Japa nese invaders to a standstill on the Peninsula of Balaan In accordance with plans care fully clraun prior to outbreak oC the war MacArthur withdrew his principal forces on Uiron toward Biliui where for weeks he has stalled nil attempts of the Japn e to destroy his forces or push them into the sea Thc text or the special commu nique announcing his transfer to Australia IAustralia General Douglas MacArthur arrived in Australia by plane to day He was accompanied by Mrs MacArthur and son and by his chief of staff Major General Richard K Sutherland Brigadier General Harold H George of the air corps and several other stafl officers He will be the supreme commander in that region includ ing the Philippine Islands in ac cordance with the request of the Australian government On February 22 the president MAJ GEX 1 M in Philippines ;