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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 17, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME AfiLOH E R H t S M C M S CPT or R M m I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 171937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 139 WorkRelief Playing Out Faster Than Private Industry Can ReAbsorb By CHAKLES P STEWART ASHING TON CPA Fed eral workrelief is frazzling out lapidly as any one can see It frazles faster than pri vate industry is r ea b s orbing the unemploy ed Hence the in c r e a s ing vol ume of the out cry that it must not be permit ted to play out completely U n e m p loy ment many au thorities say is certain to be what they cay a long time maybe an everlasting one Person ally I doubt that it will be ever lasting insofar as employables are concerned However it is a prob lem yet A distinction is to be drawn be isfc tween genuine work relief and plain other words as to the latter a slight disguished dole charity WorkRelict Plan A workrelief plan contemplates tlie employment of employables in really worth while tasks Building a new postotfice where one is needed would so classify Protec tion against floods would classify similarly on a larger scale Such employment is construc tive It is improving to communi ties or to the country Work for reliefs sake only is a different proposition Digging a hole in the ground and then shov eling the dirt back in is work but obviously it is valueless uneco nomic It is made work as the socialists express it Boondog gling is the term we describe it by now No boondoggler can be expected to feel any proper self respect in his job He cannot but realize that he is an object of charity Quick Action Work Boondoggling has one thing to 3Jd said in its favor In an1 emergency It fuimshes quick action Supplying a man with a rake or a spade does not take long or involve any consid erable investment beyond his pay And maybe he does not feel that he is the recipient of an outright dole But a new building or a flood control project requires architec tural and engineering skill and financial ad vance A bignew federal building il lustratively calls for the prepar ation of plans and the accumula tion of much material but these demands are not immediate they seep on down H is indirect Basic labor gets the benelit pretty soon superficial labor only gradually Hoovers Plan It is a curious thing that Presi dent Hoover who is regarded to day as having been preeminently the apostle of big business was strongly in favor of preparation for precautions against industrial slumps He urged planning in advance against A federal program by which he hoped to have federal improve ments take up flatteningout in private industry He had a gathering of governors to consider the seemingly lie foresaw Tile gover nors listened but did not act Far In short a longtime unemploy ment program President Hoover foresaw it He thought of forestalling it by a longtime federal construction program But he did not do anything about it In Hoovers time it was all talk This up to date is the same The price of a new Eas ter outfit is hidden in your attic Cash is stored there An antique a chest of tools a saxophone or vio lin People want to buy your dont wants for cash you want and want ads are the place of ex change This ad demonstrates the treasures that are stored in attics FDR bureau 100 years old 309 E Slate Just call the ad taker at 3800 and start the dollars rolling in STRIKERS IGNORE GOU ORDER MURPHY URGES BODIES TO DEAL WITH DISPUTES Michigan Governor Confers With Capital Labor State Officials BULLETIN CHICAGO fight hie broke out in Hie loop district Wednesday as sympathizers in he 12 day old strike of taxlcab drivers pummeled several chauffeurs overturned at least three cars and engaged in hand to hand encounters with police DETROIT Gov Frank Murphy acting as thousands of sit down strikers defied an injunc tion ordering them from Chrysler automobile plants proposed Wed nesday the establishment of med iation groups to deal with labor disputes Chrysler attorneys considered further steps against the strik ers but no immediate action was taken The corporation could ob tain court writs calling on the sheriff to evict and arrest the men In an atmosphere of tension while an estimated 20000 union sympathizers demonstrated in the streets outside the striker held factories the governor brought to gether ina downtown building 23 representatives of capital labor state government and the general public Union Leaders Absent Absent from the conference were two leaders ofthe United Automobile Workers of America who declined Murphys invitation with an assertion that sit down strikes will cease when Ihe condi tions which produced them no longei exist if The govempis mediation pro posalsmade in a statement read to the conference took two forms 1 By cooperative action be tween organized employer and la bor groups xxx to establish com mittees or tribunals to deal with grievances 2 Establishment in each coun ty or community x x x of special mediation boards or committees As the conference recessed Wednesday afternoon Murphy an nounced he had appointed two subcommittees one to act on con ciliation plans and the other to study a minimum wage law and any other legislation which seems necessary To Study Conciliation The governor said the first com mittee to be headed by Father Frederick Siedenburg executive dean of the University of Detroit would begin a study of concilia tion and establishment of ade quate agencies to make possible conciliation between labor and employer where such difficulties may arise The second committee headed by John Reid secretary of the Michigan Federation of Lahor was delegated to study proposed leg islation and study an act on la bor relations which will be pro posed Asserting that industrial dis putes should be settled through friendly and peaceful negotiations conducted in a spirit of reason and justice the governor added We have means to enforce re spect for public authority and we propose to use them with proper vigor if need be Experience of NRA Murphy expressed belief that with the exeprience NRA to guide us the employerlabor co operative tribunals he proposed could be ormed with reasonable dispatcx Mord than 5000 union members held the Chrysler plants here for the tenth day despite the injunc tion which ordered them to evacu ate by 8 a m CST Wednesday under penalty of An hour after the deadline set for the strikers evacuation passed union sympathizers estimated to number 10000 surrounded the Chrysler Jefferson avenue plant blocking traffic for five blocks Nearly as many surrounded the huge Dodge division plant ordi narily employing 25000 workers whore strikers hung out a sign Give us liberty or give us death Would Not Help Homer Martin United Automo bile Workers president informed Governor Murphy that he believed the proposed committee will not serve to eradicate the evils of job insecurity and low wages The governor still optimistic of settlement of the Chrysler strike difficulties would not discuss re ports that a meeting of Walter P Chrysler chairman of the corpor ation board and John L Lewis head of the committee for indus trial organization supporting the U A W A strikes was regarded State Senate Accepts Homestead Compromise Legislative Quid Sodders DES particular knot ot Oulcl Sortilers in the Iowa house is newsworthy from another standpoint all arc bache lors And list o their Irish names left io Eugene Iteilly representative from Diibuque Representative Joe Flvnn of Dccorah Kitty McCarty of GraettinKcr house committee clerU and Rep resentative J C Moore Jr of Promise City Iowa Daily Press Photo BLUM IN THREAT TO RESIGN POST French Premier Insists on Free Hand Following Clichy Riots PARIS flVSocialist Premier Leon Blumi beset by sudden pro test stuWes and political attacks fibm hiSj popular front support ers was said by a member of the cabinet Wednesday to have threatened resignation of his gov ernment unless enraged French communists give him a free hand to settle the aftermath of Tues day nights bloody Clichy riots While furious leftist milled at the suburban scene of the left IstrightistpoHce fighting which killed five persons and wounded 300 this asked that his name be not the premier told the communist leaders Maurice Thorez and Jacques Duclos that he would quit unless he was assured of harmony in the ranks of the peoples front in dealing with the consequences of the Clichy struggle The communist leaders it was understood agreed provisionally to waive their own demands and extend M Blum freedom in deal ing with the situation Coincidentally there were sev eral brief strikes and talk of a 24 Hour general walkout to pro test the action of police in deal ing with the communist demon strators who Tuesday night be sieged a rightist mass meeting in Clichy part of the industrial red Ring around Paris The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy probably showers Wednesday niffht and In central and eastern portions Thursday morning turning to snow somewhat warm er In extreme eastern portion and colder in extreme northwest Dortion Wednesday night cold er Thursday MINNESOTA Cloudy snow or rain in east portion colder in portion Wednesday Thurs day fair in west mostly cloudy in cast portion colder IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Waximum Tuesday 37 Above Minimum in Night 29 Above At 8 A M Wednesday 31 Above After a day of clear skies the sun was obscured Wednesday by a layer of clouds and there was a consequent chilliness in the air Wacre Boost Granted DES MOINES wage in crease of 20 cents a day will he granted 300 city employes includ ing truck drivers teamsters and unskilled labor beginning April 1 It will amount to yearly asproviding the quickest means ofa solution A Chrysler spokesman an nouncing corporation a 11 o r neys were considering further steps in the injunction action denied that any meeting between Lewis and Chrysler had occurred Meanwhile the sit down strike that resulted in the closing of De troits four largest hotels ended in a wage and hour agreement Miss Earhart Set to Start Globe Flight OAKLAND Cal Earhart awaited only a weather bureau go signal Wednesday to send her trim laboratory plane roaring toward Honolulu on the first leg of a projected 27000 mile world flight Piomised favoiable weather aft eia sviatrat and her three male companions expected to take off between 4 and 5 Wednesday afternoon 6 to 7 p m GST Ahead of them if flying weather prevails will go two mighty clip per ships on Pan American air ways one destined for Manila the other oil a survey flight to New Zealand Both will stop at Hono lulu Miss Earharts crew comprises Paul Mantz her technical adviser who will act as relief pilot as far as Honolulu F J Noonan for mer Pan pilot who will serve as relief navigator as far as Howland island first stop after Honolulu and Capt Harry Man ning the navigator whowill go as far as Port Darwin Australia From there the aviatrix will con tinue solo Aboard Miss Earharts plane will go about 8000 special stamp cachets The proceeds will help finance the world tour on which the aviatrix hopes to gath er data important to possible com mercial routes LOOK INSIDE FOR TAMES C flfcREYNOLDS Complamers Scored by Supreme Court Justice PAGE 2 Railroad Union Cliefs Will Seek Wage Boost PAGE B ODellKlornp Scrap on Thursdays Card PAGE 9 Review Given of Iowa Drainage Work by CCC PAGE s SAYSMAINDUTY FORGOTTENBY MANY ON COURT Professor Corwin Declares Federal Constitution Broad Document WASHINGTON Edwaid S Corwin Princeton university asserted Wednesday a majority of the supreme court members had forgotten their su preme obligation to interpret the constitution as a broad document written for an undefined future The gray haired bespectacled professor of constitutional lart testiCied before the senate judici ary committee in behalt of Presi dent Roosevelts court reorganiza tion program Corwin confessed that when he first read of the presidents plan he was a bit startled but said that upon further reflection he be came convinced the president had grasped the realities of the situa tion Hasnt Changed mind I havent come upon anything in His course of the discussion that has made me change my mind in that regard lie added Speaking from notes Corwin said the doctrines of the court majority involve the administra tions entire program in a fog of doubt Thil fog lie asserted with emphasis can be dispelled in a reasonable time only by a reiritev pretation pf the constitution in the light of the mearing given it by the founders The witness said the supreme court majority had also failedto live up to one of the fundamentals of the an act of congress should be held constitutional un less it was found to be invalid beyond a reasonable doubt Has Been Opposed Speaking with growing empha sis Corwin declared the supreme court has repeatedly chosen the course which set it against the other branches of government although the vast majority of new deal legislation could have been sustained by wellestablished con stitutional doctrine It is obvious that a law is not invalid beyond all reasonable doubt when four eminent justices hold it is sound he said He condemned amendment of the constitution to meet this sit uation as unnecessary and im practical minimum Wage Laws Corwin noted that minimum wage laws had repeatedly been de clared unconstitutional although ten justices who passed upon the question had favored the acts and only seven had opposed them Such a situation was possible he explained only because the seven justices had remained on the bench for an exceptionally long time while the ten favoring mini mum wage laws had held office for such relatively short periods that they could never muster a majority That is not a government by law he exclaimed It is a gov ernment by chance He summed up his testimony with the statement I believe the presidents pro posal tends to rescue the consti tution from a disabling and nulli fying flaw No Permanent Solution Corwin added however that he did not regard the plan as a per manent solution because it would not prevent a recurrence of the same difficulty When Senator Neely DW Va inquired whether the witness be lieved an amendment to increase the power of congress would im peril our system of government Corwin replied Im quite a conservative on this subject I believe the constitution is sufficient for our needs if it is given a chance Under questionoing by Senator King DUtah he testified it was very difficult to say whether the framers of the constitution intend ed to give the court power to over throw acts of congress 4 Burn to Death as Fire Destroys Home CAYLOR Va per sons were burned to death Wed nesday in a fire that destroyed the farm home of Granville Ayers 28 who escaped with his oldest child Ayers wife n three day old baby a two year old daughter and a hired girl all burned to dealh KGLO Mike Takes to Street STORY ON PAGE 3 One of the Interviews on Tuesdays first Man in the Street program Was caught by the photographer as Conductor II B Hook interviewed IHrs Clarence Folkcrs of Allison The scene is in front of the First National banks slcelurillcil windows where the KGLO feature will lie broadcast every week day through the courtesy of Peterson Roofing company of Mason City Lock Photo Kaycnay Enjrravinjr To Spend Bonus Money to Seek Release From Prison Iowa Lifer Has PeiraissionL Use of Defector By GEORGE MILLS Iowa Daily Tress Bureau DES Jack Gas kill will spend his war service bo nus money in an effort to regain his freedorri from a Fort Madison cell by means ot a lie detector Gov Nels G Kraschel has given Gaslcill in prison 13 years for murder official permission to fi nance bringing a lie detector to the state penitentiary it was learned Wednesday The governor how ever is reported to have informed Gaskill that he would not be bound to commute the sentence on the basis ot tlie experiment Presence of a member of the state bureau of investigation is another requirement of the arrangement Has Served 13 Years Gaskill 36 has been in the pen itentiary since April 8 1924 He was committed from Polk county on a charge of shooting and killing James Griffin a railroad detec tive Nov 15 1923 in the railroad yards here He maintained his in nocence throughout the trial and in his numerous hearings before the state board ot parole since conviction He now believes Ihe lie detector willprove he did not fire the four shots which killed Griffin Frank Miles editor of the Iowa Legionairc said Gaskill an over seas veteran undoubtedly drew the maximum bonus of 51575 Tliis amount may have been re duced through earlier loans how ever he editor said Gaskill was among the first members of the American Expeditionary force to reach France Miles added Wants Uc Detector Gaskill is be seeking to briiiR an expert and a lie detec tor to Fort Madison from the crim inology laboratories ot Northwest ern university in Chicago Such a detector recently was used on a prisoner in Chicago about to he electrocuted for a crime carrying conviction ot the death penalty The detector however indicated that the prisoner lied when he de nied his guilt The electrocution followed Cecil Micklo accused of beiru an accomplice of Gaskill also was sentenced to lite on the charge turned states evidence according to parole board records and pinned the actual shooting on Gaskill Report Nazi Plans for New Protests WASHINGTON sible persons said Wednesday Ger man Ambassador Hans Luther in tended to lodge new representa tions with the American govern ment over references made to Adolf Hitler by Mayor Laguardia of New York The ambassari6r made rn appointment to confer with Secretary Hull Wednesday afternoon ARGUES BILL TO BAR TAX AID TO FARM BUREAUS Pigeonholes Mason Act by Returning Proposal to Committee DBS MOINES The Iowa enate adopted 45 to 0 and sent to the house Wednesday com promise amendments to the home stead tax relief bill to grant tax for an estimated 300 000 Iowa home owners After adopting the compromise lomestead bill amendments the senate went through the formal ly of repassing the bill by a 4G o 0 vote Immediately after approving he homestead measure the senate irgued for a short time over a bill V Senator E I Mason D of Brooklyn to bar tax aid for Farm Bureaus then pigeonholed the proposal by sending it back to the agriculture committee Supporters on Hand While debate was in progress a crowd which included many Farm Bureau supporters partially tilled the senate galleries Walter Beam senate secretary estimated he crowd as about 200 Senate approval of the home stead bill amendments marked an other step in the proposals lengthy political and legislative history If the compromise is adopted by the house the bill will go to Gov Nelson G Kraschel for his signature TOWNS BOMBED Loyalists Claim 2 Cities Virtually Demolished by Air Raids MADRID governmenl reported Wednesday its massed bombing fleets had virtually de molished the important towns of Siguunza and Brihucga behind the insurgent front lines in the Guad akijani sctlor Outlining the success of its cam paign of terror to demoralize what was described as Italian peasant soldiery tlie government declared 8 tons of bombs were dropped and 1000000 machine gun bullets were fired into the retreating ranks of the disorganized insur gents on the northeastern front Some 25 bimotored bombers and 60 pursuit planes were re ported to have been massed into one gigantic fleet for the raids Only Smoking Ruins The returning flyers reported that they could see from the sky the towns of Siguenza and Bri hucga were only wastes of smok ing vnins after the terrific bom bardment Government held Trijuequc the birdrncn said had been virtually blown out of existence by insur gent aitillcry bombardment The insurgents in retaliation lor their reported defeat on the Guad alajara front some 45 miles northeast of the capital opened the heaviest bombardment in wcekf against the heart of the city First Warning Shell The first warning shell screamed over the Gran of Ma drids important business streets a m and crashed into a building causing at least five casualties Government flyers in the mass raids that provoked the bombard ment in some instances flew so low thf insurgent columns they were almost hedgehopping As tliey swooped down they ma chinoRLinned trucks loaded with soldiers and straggling columns of infantry Many of the flyers reported see ing the trucks burst into flames as they passed Woman Gives Birth to Two Babies but Theyre Not Twin NAPLES Italy Cesira Antoniani gave birth to a boy and girl simultaneously Wed nesday hut physicians paradoxi cally said the babies were nol twins The attending doctors describee the birth as an extraordinarily rare phenomenon for while the girl was born after the norma period of gestation the boy was born two months prematurely he will approve the measure The main feature of the amend ments drafted by a joint house and senate committee limits the homestead tax refunds to owner SEPARATE MOTOR VEHICLE BUREAU DES house motor vehicle committee planned to introduce on the floor Thursday an amendment to the bill passed by the sen ate which would restore to it the provision for n separate motor vehicle division The senate struck out that provi sion retaining supervision over the department in the secre tary of states office A show ing that the plan would cost less money rather than more than the present plan is said to have been largely responsible for the house committees ac tion occupied homes whereas before some classes of home owners might have received the refunds iC they were residents ot Iowa but did not live in their properties Irovislons of Bill As approved by the senate tlio bill would use receipts of the state sales nnd income taxes as follows 1 fS500000 annually for old age pensions which sponsor said would permit addition ot about 30000 aged 2 annually for re lief 3 The remainder about 000000 for reduction of taxes on owneroccupied farm and city homes up to 25 mills reduction on the first of each homes as sessed valuation During debate over whether In send the Farm Bureau aid bill back to committee Mason was as vehement in denunciation of Farm Bureaus as he was last week when the bill first came up Tells Sordid Story He declared tlie people of Iowa should hear the sordid story of the Farm Bureaus and announced he had come to the senate with an asbestos suit Why cant they take the heat he demanded Mason said GO clays had elapserl since bill was first introduced and contended it needed no further committee study Sixty days wasnt enough re plied Senator Howard Baldwin D of Cascade Im in favor of giving it the death sentence The motion of Senator Lester Gillette D of Fostoria to pigeon hole the bill by sending it to com mittee then carried by a vote oC 39 to 9 When the clerk came to Masons name in the roll call the Farm Bureau foe shouted A thousand nos Eject Bureau Members Earlier in Ihe days session the Farm Bureau members were ejected while the senate went into executive session asked by Mason to clear up n slight misunder standing Mason refused to dis ;