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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION DN CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10 WANS N E I 0 H O R S VOL LIX Atsoclated Presi and United Press Full LeaM Wires Seven Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 14 1M3 Thli ot Two m One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Checking Up on Three Conclusions I VST a year ago now I was in the process of gathering up the loose ends of my reportorial note jotted down during a factfinding mission into a dozen countries rim ming the Iron Curtain in Europe Asia and Africa With a dozen other journalists and radio commenta tors I1 had been seeking an answer to the question How is the free world getting along in its life and death struggle with World Communism or Rus sian Imperialism if you prefer it that way My answer to that staled briefly was question Weve come further and faster toward the goal of economic military security in Western Eu rope than any realistic person had right to expect Along with this two other con clusions were jotted down in my notebook 1 Communism or the revival of czarislic imperialism1 if you choose to view it in that light is on a descending scale Its heading into the twilight of its troubled day We of the free world have only to remain strong to preside over its burial rites one day 2 There isnt even a slight chance that Hitlerism will be re vived as such in Germany and for the good and sufficient reason that the people of Germany know as no other people ever knew be fore what war is They have only to look at their cities still in ruins to be reminded Conclusions ReExamined In the 12 months since my re turn from that nevertobeforgotten odyssey Ive had occasion more than once to reexamine eachof those three conclusions But havent had occasion to deviate in any substantial way from any one of them In the case of the NATO military buildup of course Ive had my ups and my downs The action tak en at the Lisbon conference was distinctly encouraging in two ways One of these lay in the admittance ol Turkey to Ml merhberstiip The other was the seal of approval by the participating nations on what seemed to me to be reasonable goals They all seemed at that time to be in there pitching as the saying goes Against this however has been the indisputable footdragging by undependable France and a per formance by Britain to put it mildly was somethingless than we could hope for at our end of the line In both France and Bri tain tlie program for making Ger many a bulwark in Western Eu ropes defense setup has met with scant enthusiasm Our Defenses Had Sagged These things granted the fact still remains that compared with the situation which faced Dwight D Eisenhower when he took over the reins for NATO the free worlds military might has been vastly stepped up And theres this additional allimportant considera tion We not the Communists have most of the ABombs and perhaps ALL of them And it we dont haye the HBpmb readied for military use we most assuredly are far ahead in the race toward that goal Moving along lo the second o my contentions namely that Com munism is waning rather than wax ing as a threat to free peoples events of the months since last year have been unmistabably in support of my view Not one single major development on the world unless it be the continua tion of the Korean has been favorable to the Kremlin Im not prejudging Georgi Mal enkov the new head man of Com munism Im just hoping And there are certainly a number of things about the situation which are conducive to hope Comrade Malenkov has by no means proveQ himself capable of binding up and holding together the shaky empire passed along to him by Josef Stalin Stalins Long Struggle Recalled if Dont forget that it took Stalin nearly 15 years to establish him self in the Kremlin He had Trotzky chased clear into Mexico by his assassins while at home he was murdering his opponents by the millions Only Russias victory in World War II which we helped her win gave Stalin his relatively brief period of security in his job In physical appearance at least Malenkov makes one recall Her man Goering Hitlers fatboy as sociate Whether he is any better equipped with gray matter re anains to be seen Certainly nobody CONTINUED ON PACE 2 State Dept Challenges Malenkov on Peace Van Alstine Picked for US Attorney Pocahontas Man for North Iowa WASHINGTON LRSen Hicken iooper RIa Monday recommend ed appointment of two district at torneys and two US marshals for Iowa The recommendations were sem o the Justice Department After t looks into the qualifications of themen involved it will make s report to President Eisenhower He appoints US attorneys and marshals subject to Senate confir mation Recommendations Hickenloopers recommen dations F E Van Alstine of Pocahontas for US attorney and Clem Crahan of Oelwein for US marshal for the Northern District Roy L Stephenson of Des Moine for US attorney and Roland Walt er of Lenox for US marshal of he Southern District Hickenlooper told a reporter the only office now vacant is that of ederal attorney for the Northern District but that vacancies in the others are due shortly Hickenlooper the recom mendations have the unanimous approval of the Republican orga nization in Iowa the Iowa national committeeman and committee woman and the state chairman and vice chairman Job Van Alstine former Pocahontas ounty Attorney presently is Po cahontas County Republican fi nance chairman In Des Moines it reported that he Iowa Republican leaders he would give up the private practice of aw if named to the per ear federal post The district altorneyship in Northern Iowa has been vacant ince last November when Tobias S Diamond of Sheldon resigned under fire in connection with his civil connection with a case in olving a Miami produce firm Since Diamonds resignation M M Mason of Mason City has been illing the post on an interim ba ns Van Alsline and John Loughlin of Cherokee both had unanimous sup ort for the appointment but Loughlin asked that his name be vithdrawn from consideration Hear Testimony in Train Death CHARLES CITY A coroners ury Monday heard testimony con cerning the death of Wendell Smith 37 track inspector for the Illinois Central Railroad who was killed vlien his handcar was struck by a rain southeast of here Saturday The jury consisted of Mel Witzel 3d Austin and Ed Perry Trainmen estified they never saw the hand car which had just gone around a curve before hitting a stragihtaway cmoke of the train obscured the isipn of the trainmen No decision was reached pending he report of an autopsy by Dr H W Morgan of Mason City BULLETIN WASHINGTON W The Su prern Court decided Monday that states may forbid labor union picketing if the picketing con with state righttowork laws FIRST TO GIVE BLOODClara son NW the first Cerro Gordo County citizen to give a pint of blood at the Mason City YMCA Bloodmobile Center Monday is shown having her blood pressure taken by Dr J E Christopherson Bloodmobile officials said that 57 gave apint of blood each during the first two hours of processing Officials said that additional donors are urgently needed Prospective donors may call the Blood mobile Center 1061 or the Red Cross office 1321 No Concern Over Bohlen e Asks New Power tor Ike to Clean House WASHINGTON Budget Director Joseph M Dodge urged Congress Monday to enact new laws that would give President Eisenhower iJiore power to put through a thorough government Vhousecleariing Sen McCarthy RWis vsaid that under nrpsent IAWS tfio i Ike Ready to Makf Change in Agriculture that under present laws president does not h e enoughpower to clear away all the debris that has accumulated over a period ofyears v V No New Laws i While Dodge andMcCarthy were saying these things at a hearing on Capitol Hill two other Republican eaders were telling newsmen they Relieve Eisenhower does not need any new legislationto clear the way or replacing policymaking offic appointed under Democratic administration Sen Taft of Ohio the Senate Re publican floor leader said he ex Dects a few o issue an executive order strip ping civil service protection from at least several hundred policy making officials whom Taft de scribed as New Deal thinkers Dodge wassummoned before consolidated hearing of the Senate and House Government Operations lommittees which are trying to speed through congressional ap proval of Eisenhowers plan to list he Federal Security Administra tion to cabinet level No Concern Meantime Eisenhower indicated no concern about Senate controversy over his nomination of Charles E Chip Bohlen to be am bassador to Russia Congressional eaders reported he did not even jring it up his weekly ehce with them Before the conference Sen Bridges ircporters he was prepared to recommend with drawal of thenominationif Eisen lower brought the matter up But Bridges and Sen Taft of Ohio the Senate Republican leader said tHerePwas no discussion of it Asked whether he looks for Boh en to be confirmed by the Senate Taft replied I wWd guess Two Judges in Battle for Same CHICAGO judges who claim the same bench stirred up i confused row in Probate Court Monday and one of the jurists held a rump session Judge Donald M Gregg a Demo crat and Judge Judson E Harriss a Republican both showed up at he County Building Monday morn ng to claim the jobof chief judge if the Probate Court The post was left vacant by the ecent death of Judge William F Waugh Court Clerk John W Tauchen appointed Gregg to fill the vacancy Then he changed his mind appointed Harriss and called Greggs appointment temporary Gregg accompanied by Attorney Albert Jenner strode into the ty Building arid found the main Pro bate courtroom locked He yanked on the rdoor handle for the benefit of photographers Heand their way through corridors jammed with lawyers and entered Tauchens of fice After an argument Gregg and Jenner retired Tauchen then led the wailing law yers to a smaller courtroom where Harriss already was seated at the Tauchen then announced that everyone would move into the main courtroom but Gregg Jenner and about a dozen lawyers stayed be WASHINGTON Ei senhower expects to announce a plan to reshuffle the Xgriculture Department late this week Repub lican congressional leaders said Monday It would be the second govern ment reorganization plan to come from thenew PresidentLast week Eisenhower proposed to lift the Federal Securtiy Administration to cabinet level under Mrs Ovela Gulp Hobby who would become the nations first secretary of health education and welfare House Speaker Martin RMass told newsnien the agriculture proj ect was discussed by GOP leaders at their regular Monday strategy meeting with the President Martin said the plan does not call for an violent changes but seeks to improve theorganization of the department in the interest of effiency v Sen Taft of Ohio the Senate GOP floor leader added that the plan does not include any change in the status of the Bureau of Land Management There have been some proposals that this bureau be transferred from the agriculture to the interior1 department Asks Acts I nstead of Just Words U S Interested in Peace Offer WASHINGTON State Department Monday challenged Soviet Premier Georgi M Malen kov to back up his words of peace with acts State Department Press Officer Lincoln White said the United States government studied With the speech in which Malenkov Sunday asserted that outstanding questions could be re solved peacefully between Russia and the United States Protestations of peaceful intent are not new from the Soviet Union but words must be weighed against acts White said in an informal statement Continues The war continues in Korea planes on peaceful missions are shot down in Germany and pledges for the independence of Austria continue to be ignored Itwill be interesting tosee how in these and other pressing re spects Mr Malcnkov intends to implement his words of peaceful intent White said this government noted that Stalins name was barely mentioned by Malenkov in his speech to the Supreme Soviet in Moscow He said this was of some significance Whether Malenkov intended it or not his speech appeared to have done much to ease the world ten sion built up last week by two bor der incidents in Germany in which Red fighters shot down an Ameri can and a British plane The United States and Britain sharply pro tested the attacks Interesting Many congressmen shared the feeling of Sen Karl E Mundt R SD who te rm e d Malenkqys speech interesting but who de clined lo guess at its meaning From that standpoint the words of Malenkov are receivedwith in terestby this government White told reporters Their true signifi cance however must be mined by the future actions of the Soviet Union and by those under its sway Quotes Dulles White recalled that Secretary of Slate John Foster Dulles said in a press conference a week ago at the United Nations that the passing of Stalin opened a new era in world affairs Dulles expressed his opinion that the new era would dawn in which aspirations of peo ple and nations for freedom and dignity would make themselves felt more and more now that Stalin nad died AP Wlrepholo NEW THEORY Prof Albert Einstein up finger dur ing e conference in which he said his new fheeryy everything f relm tingle to wtticailyxerrect I stress that this was a week ago White said referring to Dulles views Mr Malenkov yes terday it would appear also rec ognizes this latent power for good which Mr Dulles empasized in New York Asked to elaborate on what he meant by the phrase latent power for good White said Dulles in effect had said that no one else had the prestige Stalin had lo exercise control over the Soviet and satellite nations and peoples He said this human aspirations for freedom could not be stamped out forever Sen William Langer RND a member of the Senate Foreign Re lations Committee called it very good news and predicted that Eis enhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles will take fuJJ advantage of the new Russian atti Wde Sens J William Fulbright Ark andWalter F George Ga Demo cratic members of the Committee said this country should always keep every possible door open for peaceful adjustmentof differ ences But they expressed some doubt as to the sincerity of Malen kovs statement Some high officials privately sug gested that Malenkovs assertions before the Supreme Soviet fit into a pattern of reaction to the line which Dulles took in a careful state ment he made in New York last week Dulles said the death of Stalin marked the end of an era and that it came shortly after Eisenhower had become President in this coun try The world how is entering the Eisenhower era he said He ex pressed the view that Stalins death ending his malignant influ ence would for peace enhance the chances Nicholson Tells of Briefings Preparations Completed for Destroying American Town By DON NICHOLSON GlobeGaxertef Special Representative YUCCA FLAT ATOMIC PROVING just com pleted a tour ot the Atomic Energy installations called Frenchmans Flat and Yucca Flat where the current series of atomic tests will begin early iu the morning of St Patricks Day The Flats a vast area composed of two dry lake beds stretched 16 miles wide and 40 miles long Our interest Monday centered maln iivis NICHOLSON y on Yucca Flat where we saw the 300foot which will house the atomic device andthe two FCDA houses and the late model cars that are dis persed In the blast area Activity at the tower location runs at a fever pitch to ready the site for the detonation And incidentally we have been informed that this thing should be called an atomic device not a bomb The two houses are located at 3500 from ground zero and at 7500 feet to enable the AEC and FCDA to judge the blast effects on the houses and contents House No 1 will not be inspected after the blast because it is presumed it will be too all observers will go through house No 2 to see how it withstood the blast and searing heat 20 Obtervert Troops will be joined by 20 of our observer group and will go to the forward area slit trenches at a point just two miles from ground zero This will be the closest man has come to an atomic detonation with Ihe exception of the Japanese The 20 observers volunteers chosen by lottery include represen tatives of the press radio TV news service photographers and mag azines Of lhe14 radio stations taking part in the test two observers were chosen from out of the hat Jack Shelley of WHO Des Moines and Bill Hunt of Pasco Wash were the two who will represent the radio media I offered myself as a volunteer but will justas py to witness the blast from News Nob which is just seven miles from ground zero in a clear straight as a die view These 20 men make up what we call the Trembling Twenty that will be with the troops in the forward area Cett Briefing We had briefings Sunday by Col James Bullock commanding of ficers of Camp Desert Rock and by Major Gen John SMills com mander of Indian Springs Air Force Base and othery service officers Military personnel from both these installations will take in the test both on the ground and inthe air Monday additional brief ings from the AEC1 Frankly the1 tour o Sunday which lasted 12 hours exposed us to more atomic energy information thanthe civilian population and re porters have ever had Walking over the desertarea which will be turned into an horrendous blazing inferno ypu are overcome with the of how deadly icrious these atomic people are How must be Look at that 300foot steel tower with the weird superstructure at its height and know that when the fury of the atom is loosed the tower will be vaporized in a split and emphatically Actually only a small group of men in the barren desert of Ne vada are engaged in atomic experiments But this small group is maintaining the lead in atomic superiority for our nation n Feeling of Death Clings 1 i to Building ATOM BOMB SITE NevwiIf ouve ever walked into a house vhere a dead friend layyou know he eerie sensation of walking into a house that is going to be atom blasted Outside it is bright sunshine On a winding lane are what look like wo farmhouses white twostor ed square that might be sitting a mile apart on any Midwestern county road House of Death But themoment you step inside he feeling of bright sunshine van shes It is a houseof death Grouped around a room able are four adults miles of the mannequins that they are on their faces Coffee cups oa he table tell a mute storypf after inner teteatete In the living room In another amily group Older people gitting chatting among rthem maybeYtW neighbors fromdown oung girt plays baby WQI to Telecast WOt will come on the air earlier then usual morning to bring the telecast the Nevada tWivAL Tito Lands in England Begins Historic Parleys LONDON Tito of Yugoslavia stepped ashore Monday to begin an historic first ever made to Britain by any head of a Communist state His arrival on British soil had been delayed four hours by a typ to Seek Senate li Gillette Is Not Candidate DES MOINES C Loveless mayor of Ottumwa says ic would consider running for the U S Senate if Democratic Sen Guy Gillette docs not seek re election Loveless unsuccessful Demo cratic candidate for governor last November made his remarks Sat urday before 60 persons at a meet ing here ot Active Iowa Demo crats lf Gillette runs will help him Loveless said I wouldnt consider running against him Saturdays meeting of the Active Iowa Democrats which doesnt want to be identified as a splinter group was highlighted by extem poraneous criticism of the Demo cratic State Central Committee the Republican Party and the press British weather phenom enon fog Greeting him rAlt About The Weather Mason City Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Iowa Fair to partly cloudy and warmer Monday night and Tues day Minnesota Tuesday partly cloudy to cloudy GlobeGazette weather data up to I am Monday Maximum 31 Minimum 20 At 8 am 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 15 at Westminster pier in the shadow of Parliament were the Duke of Edinburgh Queen Elizabeths husband Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Tito was attired in a naval uniform Smiling broadly he shook hands all around Duke The duke saluted him and Tito returned the greeting A guard of honor also presented arms asthi Yugoslav national anthem was played After the welcoming cere mony which lasted about 10 min utesTito strolled along the Thames embankment with the duke Tito is here for talks with British leaders The exact nature of the parley has never been disclosed and as deep a veil of secrecy sur rounds the purpose of his visit as surround his movements while here Security Stern security measures have been taken to protect the Red rul er from any danger at the hands of a possible assassin His fiveday state visit will in clude lunch with Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham in token of the fact that he is aligning Yugoslavia with the Western Allies a visit to Britains topsecret Har wellatomic center Thousand Londoners were awaiting Tito when he landed at Westminster pier in the shadow of the Houses of Parliament SAMI DATfmiTS will tetocattr program from7 te am sister Upstairs another daughter has retired early She isinTbed her shoescarefully placed on A njghtstand In the concrete different scene Two bomb shel ters have been built Beneathonei a leanto crouches a mother shielding her baby In the other ike the firstmade of heavy tim bers sit three adults and two chfl waiting Thepeople upi stairs dont know whats Agoing to happen to them Those in the base ment know that they are going to e bombed Neat and Tidy Upstairs it is a neat and tidf lome a pleasant place tolive Now look over the shoulders he four who seem to sit chatting over their coffe cups Out tiiere through the dining room window is the distant of theSawtooth Mountains with pXirple shadows in the valleys Spring is greening everithis desert and with life Over across the road are a fevr automobiles of vistors Who dropped by for the day Armed Planes in Exercises FRANKFURT Germany Jrilish bombers fully armed and with jet fighter cover took to the air over West Germany Monday in he biggest royal air exer cise since World War II The arming of the bombers and fighters Was ordered after last weeks series of CommunistAllied plane incidents which included the shooting down of a British bomber and an American Thunderjet by Red jets i The U S Air Force which week is to be reinforced in Ger many by 2S7F86 Sabrejets jto matchthe Russian MIG15s wm send its jets up to the British bombers in ttie maneuvers The exercise Jungje part of threej separate Afwar be in g staged by the North AtlanticTreaty Organization j Uiv MjraFfforcesVof i the new Mediterranean command of Ad exeri thp newest tNATO isea command Aft south Europe from Italyto froatiexvwitii If t s ;